Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 2.5. EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES [1797 - 1799.207]

  ( Division 2.5 added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1260. )

CHAPTER 3. State Administration [1797.100 - 1797.197a]

  ( Chapter 3 added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1260. )

ARTICLE 5. Personnel [1797.160 - 1797.197a]
  ( Article 5 added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1260. )

1797.160.
  

No owner of a publicly or privately owned ambulance shall permit the operation of the ambulance in emergency service unless the attendant on duty therein, or, if there is no attendant on duty therein, the operator, possesses evidence of that specialized training as is reasonably necessary to ensure that the attendant or operator is competent to care for sick or injured persons who may be transported by the ambulance, as set forth in the emergency medical training and educational standards for ambulance personnel established by the authority pursuant to this article. This section shall not be applicable in any state of emergency declared pursuant to the California Emergencies Services Act (Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 8550) of Division 1 of Title 2 of the Government Code), when it is necessary to fully utilize all available ambulances in an area and it is not possible to have the ambulance operated or attended by persons with the qualifications required by this section.

(Added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 1246, Sec. 20.)

1797.165.
  

(a) (1) Notwithstanding any other law, the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, also known as CAL-FIRE pursuant to Section 701.6 of the Public Resources Code, may certify an individual as an Emergency Medical Responder (EMR) if he or she meets both of the following conditions:

(A) The individual is a graduate of the CAL-FIRE training program at a conservation camp under the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and received a letter of recommendation from the Director of CAL-FIRE.

(B) While participating in the training program described in subparagraph (A), the individual was working toward a high school diploma or its equivalent, unless he or she already earned one.

(2) Except as provided in subdivision (b), an individual certified as an EMR pursuant to this section shall meet the training requirements developed by the authority pursuant to this division, including, but not limited to, the requirements of Chapter 1.5 of Title 22 of Division 9 of the California Code of Regulations.

(b) (1) Any individual certified pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) is not disqualified from certification as an EMR for having committed any of the actions described in subdivision (c) of Section 1798.200. This subdivision does not apply to an individual who committed any of those actions after he or she received certification pursuant to this section.

(2) The certification of an individual as an EMR pursuant to this section shall be recognized statewide as a valid EMR certification without an individual having to repeat testing or certification.

(c) The authority, in consultation with CAL-FIRE, shall, after approval by the commission pursuant to Section 1799.50, promulgate emergency regulations for the process of establishing the certification process pursuant to this section. The emergency regulations promulgated pursuant to this section shall be adopted in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and, for purposes of that chapter, including Section 11349.6 of the Government Code, the adoption of the regulations is an emergency and shall be considered by the Office of Administrative Law as necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, and general welfare.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 457, Sec. 3. (SB 879) Effective September 17, 2018.)

1797.170.
  

(a) The authority shall develop and, after approval by the commission pursuant to Section 1799.50, adopt regulations for the training and scope of practice for EMT-I certification.

(b) (1) No later than July 1, 2019, the authority, local EMS agency, and certifying entity shall require an applicant to provide either the individual taxpayer identification number or social security number for purposes of applying for a certificate or the renewal of a certificate.

(2) If the authority, local EMS agency, or certifying entity utilizes a national examination to issue a certificate, and if a reciprocity agreement or comity exists between the State of California and the state requesting release of the individual taxpayer identification number or social security number, any deputy, agent, clerk, officer, or employee of the authority or agency may release an individual’s taxpayer identification number or social security number to an examination or certifying entity, only for the purpose of verification of certification or examination status.

(3) The individual taxpayer identification or the social security number shall serve to establish the identification of persons affected by state tax laws and for purposes of establishing compliance with subsection (a) of Section 666 of Title 42 of the United States Code, Section 60.15 of Title 45 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Section 17520 of the Family Code, and Section 11105 of the Penal Code, and to that end, the information furnished pursuant to this section shall be used exclusively for those purposes.

(4) The authority, local EMS agency, and certifying entity shall not do either of the following:

(A) Require an applicant to disclose citizenship status or immigration status for purposes of the application or renewal of a certificate.

(B) Deny certification to an otherwise qualified and eligible applicant based solely on his or her citizenship status or immigration status.

(c) Any individual certified as an EMT-I pursuant to this division shall be recognized as an EMT-I on a statewide basis, and recertification shall be based on statewide standards.

(d) Effective July 1, 1990, any individual certified as an EMT-I pursuant to this act shall complete a course of training on the nature of sudden infant death syndrome which is developed by the California SIDS program in the State Department of Public Health in consultation with experts in the field of sudden infant death syndrome.

(e) On or before July 1, 2016, the authority shall develop and, after approval by the commission pursuant to Section 1799.50, adopt regulations to include the administration of naloxone hydrochloride in the training and scope of practice of EMT-I certification. These regulations shall be substantially similar to existing regulations set forth in Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 100101) of Division 9 of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations that authorize an EMT-I to receive EMT-II training in the administration of naloxone hydrochloride without having to complete the entire EMT-II certification course. This subdivision shall be implemented in accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1798).

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 838, Sec. 10. (SB 695) Effective January 1, 2019.)

1797.171.
  

(a) The authority shall develop, and after approval of the commission pursuant to Section 1799.50, shall adopt, minimum standards for the training and scope of practice for EMT-II.

(b) (1) No later than July 1, 2019, the authority, local EMS agency, and certifying entity shall require an applicant to provide either the individual taxpayer identification number or social security number for purposes of applying for a certificate or the renewal of a certificate.

(2) If the authority, local EMS agency, or certifying entity utilizes a national examination to issue a certificate, and if a reciprocity agreement or comity exists between the State of California and the state requesting release of the individual taxpayer identification number or social security number, any deputy, agent, clerk, officer, or employee of the authority or agency may release an individual’s taxpayer identification number or social security number to an examination or certifying entity, only for the purpose of verification of certification or examination status.

(3) The individual taxpayer identification or the social security number shall serve to establish the identification of persons affected by state tax laws and for purposes of establishing compliance with subsection (a) of Section 666 of Title 42 of the United States Code, Section 60.15 of Title 45 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Section 17520 of the Family Code, and Section 11105 of the Penal Code, and to that end, the information furnished pursuant to this section shall be used exclusively for those purposes.

(4) The authority, local EMS agency, and certifying entity shall not do either of the following:

(A) Require an applicant to disclose citizenship status or immigration status for purposes of the application or renewal of a certificate.

(B) Deny certification to an otherwise qualified and eligible applicant based solely on his or her citizenship status or immigration status.

(c) An EMT-II shall complete a course of training on the nature of sudden infant death syndrome in accordance with subdivision (b) of Section 1797.170.

(d) In rural or remote areas of the state where patient transport times are particularly long and where local resources are inadequate to support an EMT-P program for EMS responses, the director may approve additions to the scope of practice of EMT-IIs serving the local system, if requested by the medical director of the local EMS agency, and if the EMT-II has received training equivalent to that of an EMT-P. The approval of the director, in consultation with a committee of local EMS medical directors named by the Emergency Medical Directors Association of California, is required prior to implementation of any addition to a local optional scope of practice for EMT-IIs proposed by the medical director of a local EMS agency. No drug or procedure that is not part of the basic EMT-P scope of practice, including, but not limited to, any approved local options, shall be added to any EMT-II scope of practice pursuant to this subdivision.

Approval of additions to the scope of practices pursuant to this subdivision may be given only for EMT-II programs in effect on January 1, 1994.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 838, Sec. 11. (SB 695) Effective January 1, 2019.)

1797.172.
  

(a) The authority shall develop and, after approval by the commission pursuant to Section 1799.50, adopt minimum standards for the training and scope of practice for EMT-P.

(b) The approval of the director, in consultation with a committee of local EMS medical directors named by the EMS Medical Directors Association of California, is required prior to implementation of any addition to a local optional scope of practice for EMT-Ps proposed by the medical director of a local EMS agency.

(c) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the authority shall be the agency solely responsible for licensure and licensure renewal of EMT-Ps who meet the standards and are not precluded from licensure because of any of the reasons listed in subdivision (c) of Section 1798.200. No later than July 1, 2019, the authority shall require an applicant to provide an individual taxpayer identification number or the social security number in order to establish the identity of the applicant. The information obtained as a result of a state and federal level criminal offender record information search shall be used in accordance with Section 11105 of the Penal Code, and to determine whether the applicant is subject to denial of licensure or licensure renewal pursuant to this division. Submission of fingerprint images to the Department of Justice may not be required for licensure renewal upon determination by the authority that fingerprint images have previously been submitted to the Department of Justice during initial licensure, or a previous licensure renewal, provided that the license has not lapsed and the applicant has resided continuously in the state since the initial licensure.

(2) The individual taxpayer identification or the social security number shall serve to establish the identification of persons affected by state tax laws and for purposes of establishing compliance with subsection (a) of Section 666 of Title 42 of the United States Code, Section 60.15 of Title 45 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Section 17520 of the Family Code, and Section 11105 of the Penal Code, and to that end, the information furnished pursuant to this section shall be used exclusively for those purposes.

(3) If the authority utilizes a national examination to issue a certificate, and if a reciprocity agreement or comity exists between the State of California and the state requesting release of the individual taxpayer identification number or social security number, any deputy, agent, clerk, officer, or employee of the authority may release an individual’s taxpayer identification number or social security number to an examination or certifying entity, only for the purpose of verification of certification or examination status.

(4) The authority shall not do either of the following:

(A) Require an applicant to disclose citizenship status or immigration status for purposes of the application or renewal of a certificate.

(B) Deny certification to an applicant based solely on his or her citizenship status or immigration status.

(d) The authority shall charge fees for the licensure and licensure renewal of EMT-Ps in an amount sufficient to support the authority’s licensure program at a level that ensures the qualifications of the individuals licensed to provide quality care. The basic fee for licensure or licensure renewal of an EMT-P shall not exceed one hundred twenty-five dollars ($125) until the adoption of regulations that specify a different amount that does not exceed the authority’s EMT-P licensure, license renewal, and enforcement programs. The authority shall annually evaluate fees to determine if the fee is sufficient to fund the actual costs of the authority’s licensure, licensure renewal, and enforcement programs. If the evaluation shows that the fees are excessive or are insufficient to fund the actual costs of the authority’s EMT-P licensure, licensure renewal, and enforcement programs, then the fees shall be adjusted accordingly through the rulemaking process described in the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code). Separate additional fees may be charged, at the option of the authority, for services that are not shared by all applicants for licensure and licensure renewal, including, but not limited to, any of the following services:

(1) Initial application for licensure as an EMT-P.

(2) Competency testing, the fee for which shall not exceed thirty dollars ($30), except that an additional fee may be charged for the cost of any services that provide enhanced availability of the exam for the convenience of the EMT-P, such as on-demand electronic testing.

(3) Fingerprint and criminal record check. The applicant shall, if applicable according to subdivision (c), submit fingerprint images and related information for criminal offender record information searches with the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

(4) Out-of-state training equivalency determination.

(5) Verification of continuing education for a lapse in licensure.

(6) Replacement of a lost licensure card. The fees charged for individual services shall be set so that the total fees charged to EMT-Ps shall not exceed the authority’s actual total cost for the EMT-P licensure program.

(e) The authority may provide nonconfidential, nonpersonal information relating to EMS programs to interested persons upon request, and may establish and assess fees for the provision of this information. These fees shall not exceed the costs of providing the information.

(f) At the option of the authority, fees may be collected for the authority by an entity that contracts with the authority to provide any of the services associated with the EMT-P program. All fees collected for the authority in a calendar month by any entity designated by the authority pursuant to this section to collect fees for the authority shall be transmitted to the authority for deposit into the Emergency Medical Services Personnel Fund within 30 calendar days following the last day of the calendar month in which the fees were received by the designated entity, unless the contract between the entity and the authority specifies a different timeframe.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 838, Sec. 12. (SB 695) Effective January 1, 2019.)

1797.173.
  

The authority shall assure that all training programs for EMT-I, EMT-II, and EMT-P are located in an approved licensed hospital or an educational institution operated with written agreements with an acute care hospital, including a public safety agency that has been approved by the local emergency medical services agency to provide training. The authority shall also assure that each training program has a competency-based curriculum. EMT-I training and testing for fire service personnel may be offered at sites approved by the State Board of Fire Services and training for officers of the California Highway Patrol may be provided at the California Highway Patrol Academy.

(Amended by Stats. 1983, Ch. 1246, Sec. 22.)

1797.174.
  

In consultation with the commission, the Emergency Medical Directors Association of California, and other affected constituencies, the authority shall develop statewide guidelines for continuing education courses and approval of continuing education courses for EMT-Ps and for quality improvement systems which monitor and promote improvement in the quality of care provided by EMT-Ps throughout the state.

(Added by Stats. 1993, Ch. 997, Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 1994.)

1797.175.
  

The authority shall establish the standards for continuing education and shall designate the examinations for certification and recertification of all prehospital personnel.

The authority shall consider including training regarding the characteristics and method of assessment and treatment of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).

(Amended by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1362, Sec. 6. Effective October 2, 1989.)

1797.176.
  

The authority shall establish the minimum standards for the policies and procedures necessary for medical control of the EMS system.

(Amended by Stats. 1988, Ch. 1390, Sec. 3.)

1797.177.
  

No individual shall hold himself or herself out to be an EMT-I, EMT-II, EMT-P, or paramedic unless that individual is currently certified as such by the local EMS agency or other certifying authority.

(Added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1260.)

1797.178.
  

No person or organization shall provide advanced life support or limited advanced life support unless that person or organization is an authorized part of the emergency medical services system of the local EMS agency or of a pilot program operated pursuant to the Wedworth-Townsend Paramedic Act, Article 3 (commencing with Section 1480) of Chapter 2.5 of Division 2.

(Added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1260.)

1797.179.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, and to the extent federal financial participation is available, any city, county or special district providing paramedic services as set forth in Section 1797.172, shall reimburse the Health Care Deposit Fund for the state costs of paying such medical claims. Funds allocated to the county from the County Health Services Fund pursuant to Part 4.5 (commencing with Section 16700) of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code may be utilized by the county or city to make such reimbursement.

(Added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 1322.)

1797.180.
  

No agency, public or private, shall advertise or disseminate information to the public that the agency provides EMT-II or EMT-P rescue or ambulance services unless that agency does in fact provide this service on a continuous 24 hours-per-day basis. If advertising or information regarding that agency’s EMT-II or EMT-P rescue or ambulance service appears on any vehicle it may only appear on those vehicles utilized solely to provide that service on a continuous 24 hours-per-day basis.

(Added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 1246, Sec. 23.)

1797.181.
  

The authority may, by regulation, prescribe standardized insignias or emblems for patches which may be affixed to the clothing of an EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P.

(Added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 1246, Sec. 24.)

1797.182.
  

All ocean, public beach, and public swimming pool lifeguards and all firefighters in this state, except those whose duties are primarily clerical or administrative, shall be trained to administer first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The training shall meet standards prescribed by the authority, and shall be satisfactorily completed by such persons as soon as practical, but in no event more than one year after the date of employment. Satisfactory completion of a refresher course which meets the standards prescribed by the authority in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and other first aid shall be required at least every three years.

The authority may designate a public agency or private nonprofit agency to provide for each county the training required by this section. The training shall be provided at no cost to the trainee.

As used in this section, “lifeguard” means any regularly employed and paid officer, employee, or member of a public aquatic safety department or marine safety agency of the State of California, a city, county, city and county, district, or other public or municipal corporation or political subdivision of this state.

As used in this section, “firefighter” means any regularly employed and paid officer, employee, or member of a fire department or fire protection or firefighting agency of the State of California, a city, county, city and county, district, or other public or municipal corporation or political subdivision of this state or member of an emergency reserve unit of a volunteer fire department or fire protection district.

(Added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 1246, Sec. 25.)

1797.183.
  

All peace officers described in Section 13518 of the Penal Code, except those whose duties are primarily clerical or administrative, shall be trained to administer first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The training shall meet standards prescribed by the authority, in consultation with the Commission on Peace Officers Standards and Training, and shall be satisfactorily completed by those officers as soon as practical, but in no event more than one year after the date of employment. Satisfactory completion of either refresher training or appropriate testing, which meets the standards of the authority, in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and other first aid, shall be required at periodic intervals as determined by the authority.

(Added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 1246, Sec. 26.)

1797.184.
  

The authority shall develop and, after approval by the commission pursuant to Section 1799.50, adopt all of the following:

(a) Guidelines for disciplinary orders, temporary suspensions, and conditions of probation for EMT-I and EMT-II certificate holders that protects the public health and safety.

(b) Regulations for the issuance of EMT-I and EMT-II certificates by a certifying entity that protects the public health and safety.

(c) Regulations for the recertification of EMT-I and EMT-II certificate holders that protect the public health and safety.

(d) Regulations for disciplinary processes for EMT-I and EMT-II applicants and certificate holders that protect the public health and safety. These disciplinary processes shall be in accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.

(Added by Stats. 2008, Ch. 274, Sec. 10. Effective January 1, 2009.)

1797.185.
  

(a)  The authority shall establish criteria for the statewide recognition of the certification of EMT-P personnel in the basic scope of practice of those personnel. The criteria shall include, but need not be limited to, the following:

(1)  Standards for training, testing, certification, and revocation of certification, as required for statewide recognition of certification. The standards may include designation by the authority of the specific examinations required for certification, including, at the option of the authority, an examination provided by the authority. At the option of the authority, the standards may include a requirement for registration of prehospital emergency care personnel with the authority or other entity designated by the authority.

(2)  Conditions for local accreditation of certified EMT-P personnel which are reasonable in order to maintain medical control and the integrity of the local EMS system, as determined by the authority and approved by the commission.

(3)  Provisions for local accreditation in approved optional scope of practice, if any, as allowed by applicable state regulations and statutes.

(4)  Provisions for the establishment and collection of fees by the appropriate agency, which may be the authority or an entity designated by the authority to collect fees for the authority, for testing, certification, accreditation, and registration with the appropriate state or local agency in the appropriate scope of practice. All fees collected for the authority in a calendar month by any entity designated by the authority pursuant to this section to collect fees for the authority shall be transmitted to the authority for deposit into the Emergency Medical Services Personnel Fund within 30 calendar days following the last day of the calendar month in which the fees were received by the designated entity.

(b)  After January 1, 1991, all regulations for EMT-P personnel adopted by the authority shall, where relevant, include provisions for statewide recognition of certification or authorization for the scope of practice of those personnel.

(c)  On or before July 1, 1991, the authority shall amend all relevant regulations for EMT-P personnel to include criteria developed pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 1797.7 and subdivision (b) of Section 1797.172 to insure statewide recognition of certification for the scope of practice of those personnel.

(d)  All future regulations for EMT-P personnel adopted by the authority shall, where relevant, include provisions for statewide recognition of certification or authorization for the scope of practice of those personnel.

(Amended by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1362, Sec. 7. Effective October 2, 1989.)

1797.186.
  

All persons described in Sections 1797.170, 1797.171, 1797.172, 1797.182, and 1797.183, whether volunteers, partly paid, or fully paid, shall be entitled to prophylactic medical treatment to prevent the onset of disease, provided that the person demonstrates that he or she was exposed, while in the service of the department or unit, to a contagious disease, as listed in Section 2500 of Title 17 of the California Administrative Code, while performing first aid or cardiopulmonary resuscitation services to any person.

Medical treatment under this section shall not affect the provisions of Division 4 (commencing with Section 3200) or Division 5 (commencing with Section 6300) of the Labor Code or the person’s right to make a claim for work-related injuries, at the time the contagious disease manifests itself.

(Added by Stats. 1985, Ch. 1543, Sec. 1.)

1797.187.
  

A peace officer as described in Section 830.1, subdivision (a) of Section 830.2, or subdivision (g) of Section 830.3 of the Penal Code, while in the service of the agency or local agency which employs him or her, shall be notified by the agency or local agency if the peace officer is exposed to a known carcinogen, as defined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, or as defined by its director, during the investigation of any place where any controlled substance, as defined in Section 11007 is suspected of being manufactured, stored, transferred, or sold, or any toxic waste spills, accidents, leaks, explosions, or fires.

The Commission on Peace Officers Standards and Training basic training course, and other training courses as the commission determines appropriate, shall include, on or before January 1, 1990, instruction on, but not limited to, the identification and handling of possible carcinogenic materials and the potential health hazards associated with these materials, protective equipment, and clothing available to minimize contamination, handling, and disposing of materials and measures and procedures that can be adopted to minimize exposure to possible hazardous materials.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 606, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 1999.)

1797.188.
  

(a) As used in this section:

(1) “Prehospital emergency medical care person or personnel” means any of the following: an authorized registered nurse or mobile intensive care nurse, emergency medical technician-I, emergency medical technician-II, emergency medical technician-paramedic, lifeguard, firefighter, or peace officer, as defined or described by Sections 1797.56, 1797.80, 1797.82, 1797.84, 1797.182, and 1797.183, respectively, or a physician and surgeon who provides prehospital emergency medical care or rescue services.

(2) “Reportable communicable disease or condition” or “a communicable disease or condition listed as reportable” means those diseases prescribed by Subchapter 1 (commencing with Section 2500) of Chapter 4 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations, as may be amended from time to time.

(3) “Exposed” means at risk for contracting the disease, as defined by regulations of the state department.

(4) “Health facility” means a health facility, as defined in Section 1250, including a publicly operated facility.

(5) “Health facility infection control officer” means the official or officer who has been designated by the health facility to communicate with a designated officer, or his or her designee.

(6) “Designated officer” means the official or officer of an employer of a prehospital emergency medical care person or personnel who has been designated by the state’s public health officer or the employer.

(7) “Urgency reporting requirement” means a disease required to be reported immediately by telephone or reported by telephone within one working day pursuant to subdivisions (h) and (i) of Section 2500 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations.

(b) In addition to the communicable disease testing and notification procedures applicable under Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 120260) of Part 1 of Division 105, all prehospital emergency medical care personnel, whether volunteers, partly paid, or fully paid, who have provided emergency medical or rescue services and have been exposed to a person afflicted with a communicable disease or condition listed as reportable, which can, as determined by the county health officer, be transmitted through physical or oral contact or secretions of the body, including blood, shall be notified that they have been exposed to the disease or condition in accordance with the following:

(1) If the prehospital emergency medical care person, who has rendered emergency medical or rescue services and believes that he or she may have been exposed to a person afflicted with a reportable communicable disease or condition in a manner that could result in transmission of a reportable communicable disease or condition, and provides the health facility infection control officer with his or her name and telephone number at the time the patient is transferred from that prehospital emergency medical care person to the admitting health facility; or the party transporting the person afflicted with the reportable communicable disease or condition provides that health facility with the name and telephone number of the prehospital emergency medical care person who provided the emergency medical or rescue services and believes he or she may have been exposed to a person afflicted with a reportable communicable disease or condition in a manner that could result in transmission of a communicable disease or condition, the health facility infection control officer, upon determining that the person to whom the prehospital emergency medical care person provided the emergency medical or rescue services is diagnosed as being afflicted with a reportable communicable disease or condition, and that the reportable communicable disease or condition may have been transmitted during the provision of emergency medical or rescue services, shall immediately notify the designated officer of the prehospital emergency medical care person if the reportable communicable disease or condition has an urgency reporting requirement on the list of reportable diseases or conditions, or if the conditions of the exposure may have included direct contact between the unprotected skin, eyes, or mucous membranes of the prehospital emergency medical care person and the blood of the person afflicted with the reportable communicable disease or condition. Otherwise, the health facility infection control officer shall notify the designated officer consistent with Section 2500 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations. The health facility infection control officer shall also report the name and telephone number of the prehospital emergency medical care person to the county health officer. The designated officer shall immediately notify the prehospital emergency medical care person if the reportable communicable disease or condition has an urgency reporting requirement on the list of reportable diseases or conditions, or if the conditions of the exposure may have included direct contact between the unprotected skin, eyes, or mucous membranes of the prehospital emergency medical care person and the blood of the person afflicted with the reportable communicable disease or condition. Otherwise, the designated officer shall notify the prehospital emergency medical care person consistent with Section 2500 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations.

(2) If the prehospital emergency medical care person who has rendered emergency medical or rescue services and has been exposed to a person afflicted with a reportable communicable disease or condition, but has not provided the health facility infection control officer with his or her name and telephone number pursuant to paragraph (1), the health facility infection control officer, upon determining that the person to whom the prehospital emergency medical care person provided the emergency medical or rescue services is diagnosed as being afflicted with a reportable communicable disease or condition that may have been transmitted during provision of emergency medical or rescue services, shall immediately notify the designated officer of the employer of the prehospital emergency medical care person and the county health officer if the reportable communicable disease or condition has an urgency reporting requirement on the list of reportable diseases or conditions, or if the conditions of the exposure may have included direct contact between the unprotected skin, eyes, or mucous membranes of the prehospital emergency medical care person and the blood of the person afflicted with the reportable communicable disease or condition. Otherwise, the health facility infection control officer shall notify the designated officer consistent with Section 2500 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations. The designated officer shall immediately notify the prehospital emergency medical care person if the reportable communicable disease or condition has an urgency reporting requirement on the list of reportable diseases or conditions, or if the conditions of the exposure may have included direct contact between the unprotected skin, eyes, or mucous membranes of the prehospital emergency medical care person and the blood of the person afflicted with the reportable communicable disease or condition. Otherwise, the designated officer shall notify the prehospital emergency medical care person consistent with Section 2500 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations.

(c) The county health officer shall immediately notify the prehospital emergency medical care person who has provided emergency medical or rescue services and has been exposed to a person afflicted with a communicable disease or condition listed as reportable, which can, as determined by the county health officer, be transmitted through oral contact or secretions of the body, including blood, if the reportable communicable disease or condition has an urgency reporting requirement on the list of reportable diseases or conditions, or if the conditions of the exposure may have included direct contact between the unprotected skin, eyes, or mucous membranes of the prehospital emergency medical care person and the blood of the person afflicted with the reportable communicable disease or condition, upon receiving the report from a health facility pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (b). Otherwise, the county health officer shall notify the prehospital emergency medical care person consistent with Section 2500 of Title 17 of the California Code of Regulations. The county health officer shall not disclose the name of the patient or other identifying characteristics to the prehospital emergency medical care person.

(d) An employer of a prehospital emergency medical care person or personnel that maintains an Internet Web site shall post the title and telephone number of the designated officer in a conspicuous location on its Internet Web site accessible from the home page. A health facility that maintains an Internet Web site shall post the title and telephone number of the health facility infection control officer in a conspicuous location on its Internet Web site accessible from the home page.

(e) (1) The health facility infection control officer, or his or her designee, shall be available either onsite or on call 24 hours per day.

(2) The designated officer, or his or her designee, shall be available either onsite or on call 24 hours per day.

(f) An employer of a health facility infection control officer and an employer of a prehospital emergency medical care person or personnel shall inform those employees of this law as part of the Cal-OSHA Injury and Illness Prevention Program training required by paragraph (7) of subdivision (a) of Section 3203 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations.

(g) Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the further disclosure of confidential medical information by the health facility, the designated officer, or any prehospital emergency medical care personnel described in this section except as otherwise authorized by law.

(h) In the event of the demise of the person afflicted with the reportable communicable disease or condition, the health facility or county health officer shall notify the funeral director, charged with removing the decedent from the health facility, of the reportable communicable disease or condition prior to the release of the decedent from the health facility to the funeral director.

(i) Notwithstanding Section 1798.206, a violation of this section is not a misdemeanor.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 424, Sec. 4. (SB 1495) Effective January 1, 2019.)

1797.189.
  

(a)  As used in this section:

(1)  “Chief medical examiner-coroner” means the chief medical examiner or the coroner as referred to in subdivision (m) of Section 24000, Section 24010, subdivisions (k), (m), and (n) of Section 24300, subdivisions (k), (m), and (n) of Section 24304, and Sections 27460 to 27530, inclusive, of the Government Code, and Section 102850.

(2)  “Prehospital emergency medical care person or personnel” means any of the following: authorized registered nurse or mobile intensive care nurse, emergency medical technician-I, emergency medical technician-II, emergency medical technician-paramedic, lifeguard, firefighter, or peace officer, as defined or described by Sections 1797.56, 1797.80, 1797.82, 1797.84, 1797.182, and 1797.183, respectively, or a physician and surgeon who provides prehospital emergency medical care or rescue services.

(3)  “Reportable disease or condition” or “a disease or condition listed as reportable” means those diseases specified in Subchapter 1 (commencing with Section 2500) of Chapter 4 of Title 17 of the California Administrative Code, as may be amended from time to time.

(4)  “Exposed” means at risk for contracting a disease, as defined by regulations of the state department.

(5)  “Health facility” means a health facility, as defined in Section 1250, including a publicly operated facility.

(b)  Any prehospital emergency medical care personnel, whether volunteers, partly paid, or fully paid who have provided emergency medical or rescue services and have been exposed to a person afflicted with a disease or condition listed as reportable, that can, as determined by the county health officer, be transmitted through oral contact or secretions of the body, including blood, shall be notified that they have been exposed to the disease and should contact the county health officer if all of the following conditions are met:

(1)  The prehospital emergency medical care person, who has rendered emergency medical or rescue services and has been exposed to a person afflicted with a reportable disease or condition, provides the chief medical examiner-coroner with his or her name and telephone number at the time the patient is transferred from that prehospital medical care person to the chief medical examiner-coroner; or the party transporting the person afflicted with the reportable disease or condition provides that chief medical examiner-coroner with the name and telephone number of the prehospital emergency medical care person who provided the emergency medical or rescue services.

(2)  The chief medical examiner-coroner reports the name and telephone number of the prehospital emergency medical care person to the county health officer upon determining that the person to whom the prehospital emergency medical care person provided the emergency medical or rescue services is diagnosed as being afflicted with a reportable disease or condition.

(c)  The county health officer shall immediately notify the prehospital emergency medical care person who has provided emergency medical or rescue services and has been exposed to a person afflicted with a disease or condition listed as reportable, that can, as determined by the county health officer, be transmitted through oral contact or secretions of the body, including blood, upon receiving the report from a health facility pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (b). The county health officer shall not disclose the name of the patient or other identifying characteristics to the prehospital emergency medical care person.

Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize the further disclosure of confidential medical information by the chief medical examiner-coroner or any of the prehospital emergency medical care personnel described in this section except as otherwise authorized by law.

The chief medical examiner-coroner, or the county health officer shall notify the funeral director, charged with removing or receiving the decedent afflicted with a reportable disease or condition from the chief medical examiner-coroner, of the reportable disease prior to the release of the decedent from the chief medical examiner-coroner to the funeral director.

Notwithstanding Section 1798.206, violation of this section is not a misdemeanor.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 1023, Sec. 173. Effective September 29, 1996.)

1797.190.
  

The authority may establish minimum standards for the training and use of automatic external defibrillators.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 718, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2003.)

1797.191.
  

(a)  The authority shall establish minimum standards for the training in pediatric first aid, pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and preventive health practices required by Section 1596.866.

(b)  (1)  The authority shall establish a process for the ongoing review and approval of training programs in pediatric first aid, pediatric CPR, and preventive health practices as specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 1596.866 to ensure that those programs meet the minimum standards established pursuant to subdivision (a). The authority shall charge fees equal to its costs incurred for the pediatric first aid and pediatric CPR training standards program and for the ongoing review and approval of these programs.

(2)  The authority shall establish, in consultation with experts in pediatric first aid, pediatric CPR, and preventive health practices, a process to ensure the quality of the training programs, including, but not limited to, a method for assessing the appropriateness of the courses and the qualifications of the instructors.

(c)  (1)  The authority may charge a fee equal to its costs incurred for the preventive health practices program and for the initial review and approval and renewal of approval of the program.

(2)  If the authority chooses to establish a fee process based on the use of course completion cards for the preventive health practices program, the cost shall not exceed seven dollars ($7) per card for each training participant until January 1, 2001, at which time the authority may evaluate its administrative costs. After evaluation of the costs, the authority may establish a new fee scale for the cards so that revenue does not exceed the costs of the ongoing review and approval of the preventive health practices training.

(d)  For the purposes of this section, “training programs” means programs that apply for approval by the authority to provide the training in pediatric first aid, pediatric CPR, or preventive health practices as specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 1596.866. Training programs include all affiliated programs that also provide any of the authority-approved training required by this division. “Affiliated programs” means programs that are overseen by persons or organizations that have an authority-approved training program in pediatric first aid, pediatric CPR, or preventive health practices. Affiliated programs also include programs that have purchased an authority-approved training program in pediatric first aid, pediatric CPR, or preventive health practices. Training programs and their affiliated programs shall comply with this division and with the regulations adopted by the authority pertaining to training programs in pediatric first aid, pediatric CPR, or preventive health practices.

(e)  The director of the authority may, in accordance with regulations adopted by the authority, deny, suspend, or revoke any approval issued under this division or may place any approved program on probation, upon the finding by the director of the authority of an imminent threat to the public health and safety as evidenced by the occurrence of any of the actions listed in subdivision (f).

(f)  Any of the following actions shall be considered evidence of a threat to the public health and safety, and may result in the denial, suspension, probation, or revocation of a program’s approval or application for approval pursuant to this division.

(1)  Fraud.

(2)  Incompetence.

(3)  The commission of any fraudulent, dishonest, or corrupt act that is substantially related to the qualifications, functions, and duties of training program directors and instructors.

(4)  Conviction of any crime that is substantially related to the qualifications, functions, and duties of training program directors and instructors. The record of conviction or a certified copy of the record shall be conclusive evidence of the conviction.

(5)  Violating or attempting to violate, directly or indirectly, or assisting in or abetting the violation of, or conspiring to violate, this division or the regulations promulgated by the authority pertaining to the review and approval of training programs in pediatric first aid, pediatric CPR, and preventive health practices as specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 1596.866.

(g)  In order to ensure that adequate qualified training programs are available to provide training in the preventive health practices course to all persons who are required to have that training, the authority may, after approval of the Commission on Emergency Medical Services pursuant to Section 1799.50, establish temporary standards for training programs for use until permanent standards are adopted pursuant to Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.

(h)  Persons who, prior to the date on which the amendments to this section enacted in 1998 become operative, have completed a course or courses in preventive health practices as specified in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 1596.866, and have a certificate of completion card for a course or courses in preventive health practices, or certified copies of transcripts that identify the number of hours and the specific course or courses taken for training in preventive health practices shall be deemed to have met the requirement for training in preventive health practices.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 83, Sec. 106. Effective January 1, 2000.)

1797.192.
  

On or before July 1, 1991, the authority shall adopt standards for a standard statewide scope of practice which shall be utilized for the training and certification testing of EMT-P personnel for certification as EMT-P's. Local EMS systems shall not be required to utilize the entire standard scope of practice. Testing of EMT-P personnel for local accreditation to practice shall only include local operational policies and procedures, and drug, device, or treatment procedures being utilized within that local EMS system pursuant to Sections 1797.172 and 1797.221.

(Added by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1362, Sec. 8. Effective October 2, 1989.)

1797.193.
  

(a)  By July 1, 1992, existing firefighters in this state shall complete a course on the nature of sudden infant death syndrome taught by experts in the field of sudden infant death syndrome. All persons who become firefighters after January 1, 1990, shall complete a course on this topic as part of their basic training as firefighters. The course shall include information on the community resources available to assist families who have lost children to sudden infant death syndrome.

(b)  For purposes of this section, the term “firefighter” has the same meaning as that specified in Section 1797.182.

(c)  When the instruction and training are provided by a local agency, a fee shall be charged sufficient to defray the entire cost of the instruction and training.

(Added by renumbering Section 1797.192 (as added by Stats. 1989, Ch. 1111) by Stats. 1990, Ch. 216, Sec. 61.)

1797.194.
  

The purpose of this section is to provide for the state licensure of EMT-P personnel. Notwithstanding any provision of law, including, but not limited to, Sections 1797.208 and 1797.214, all of the following applies to EMT-P personnel:

(a)  Any reference to EMT-P certification pursuant to this division shall be equivalent to EMT-P licensure pursuant to this division, including, but not limited to, any provision in this division relating to the assessment of fees.

(b)  The statewide examination designated by the authority for licensure of EMT-P personnel and the licensure issued by the authority shall be the single sufficient examination and licensure required for practice as an EMT-P.

(c)  EMT-P licenses shall be renewed every two years upon submission to the authority of proof of satisfactory completion of continuing education or other educational requirements established by regulations of the authority, upon approval by the commission. If the evaluation and recommendations of the authority required pursuant to Section 8 of Chapter 997 of the Statutes of 1993, so concludes, the renewal of EMT-P licenses shall, in addition to continuing education requirements, be contingent upon reexamination at 10-year intervals to ensure competency.

(d)  Every EMT-P licensee may be disciplined by the authority for violations of this division. The proceedings under this subdivision shall be conducted in accordance with Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and the authority shall have all the powers granted therein for this purpose.

(e)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to extend the scope of practice of an EMT-P beyond prehospital settings, as defined by regulations of the authority.

(f)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to alter or interfere with the local EMS agency’s ability to locally accredit licensed EMT-Ps.

(g)  Nothing in this section shall be construed to hinder the ability of the medical director of the local EMS agency to maintain medical control within the local EMS system in accordance with this division, including, but not limited to, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 1798).

(Added by Stats. 1994, Ch. 709, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 1995.)

1797.195.
  

(a)  Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, an EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P may provide emergency medical care pursuant to this section in the emergency department of a hospital that meets the definition of small and rural hospital pursuant to Section 1188.855, except that in the case of a hospital meeting the definition contained in Section 1188.855 the population of the incorporated place or census designated place where the hospital is located shall not have increased to more than 20,000 since 1980, and all of the following conditions are met:

(1)  The EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P is on duty as a prehospital emergency medical care provider.

(2)  The EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P shall function under direct supervision as defined in hospital protocols that have been issued pursuant to paragraph (3), and only where the physician and surgeon or the registered nurse determines that the emergency department is faced with a patient crisis, and that the services of the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P are necessary to temporarily meet the health care needs of the patients in the emergency department.

(3)  The utilization of an EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P in the emergency department is done pursuant to hospital protocols that have been developed by the hospital’s nursing staff, the physician and surgeon medical director of the emergency department, and the administration of the hospital, with the approval of the medical staff, and that shall include at least all of the following:

(A)  A requirement that the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P successfully complete a hospital training program on the protocols and procedures of the hospital emergency department. The program shall include, but not be limited to, features of the protocols for which the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P has not previously received training and a postprogram evaluation.

(B)  A requirement that the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P annually demonstrates and documents to the hospital competency in the emergency department procedures.

(C)  The emergency medical care to be provided in the emergency department by the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P shall be set forth or referenced in the protocols and shall be limited to that which is otherwise authorized by their certification or licensure as defined in statute or regulation. The protocols shall not include patient assessment in this setting, except when the assessment is directly related to the specific task the EMT-I, EMT-II, and EMT-P is performing.

(D)  A process for continuity of patient care when the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P is called to an off-site emergency situation.

(E)  Procedures for the supervision of the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P.

(4)  The protocols for utilization of an EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P in the emergency department are developed in consultation with the medical director of the local EMS agency and the emergency medical care committee, if a committee has been formed.

(5)  A written contract shall be in effect relative to the services provided pursuant to this section, between the ambulance company and the hospital, where the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P is employed by an ambulance company that is not owned by the hospital.

(b)  When services of emergency personnel are called upon pursuant to this section, responsibility for the medical direction of the EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P rests with the hospital, pursuant to the hospital protocols as set forth in paragraph (3) of subdivision (a).

(c)  Although this section authorizes the provision of services in an emergency department of certain small and rural hospitals, nothing in this section is intended to expand or restrict the types of services or care to be provided by EMT-I, EMT-II, or EMT-P pursuant to this article.

(Added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 239, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1996.)

1797.196.
  

(a) For purposes of this section, “AED” or “defibrillator” means an automated external defibrillator.

(b) (1) In order to ensure public safety, a person or entity that acquires an AED shall do all of the following:

(A) Comply with all regulations governing the placement of an AED.

(B) Notify an agent of the local EMS agency of the existence, location, and type of AED acquired.

(C) Ensure that the AED is maintained and tested according to the operation and maintenance guidelines set forth by the manufacturer.

(D) Ensure that the AED is tested at least biannually and after each use.

(E) Ensure that an inspection is made of all AEDs on the premises at least every 90 days for potential issues related to operability of the device, including a blinking light or other obvious defect that may suggest tampering or that another problem has arisen with the functionality of the AED.

(F) Ensure that records of the maintenance and testing required pursuant to this paragraph are maintained.

(2) When an AED is placed in a building, the building owner shall do all of the following:

(A) At least once a year, notify the tenants as to the location of the AED units and provide information to tenants about who they can contact if they want to voluntarily take AED or CPR training.

(B) At least once a year, offer a demonstration to at least one person associated with the building so that the person can be walked through how to use an AED properly in an emergency. The building owner may arrange for the demonstration or partner with a nonprofit organization to do so.

(C) Next to the AED, post instructions, in no less than 14-point type, on how to use the AED.

(3) A medical director or other physician and surgeon is not required to be involved in the acquisition or placement of an AED.

(c) (1) When an AED is placed in a public or private K–12 school, the principal shall ensure that the school administrators and staff annually receive information that describes sudden cardiac arrest, the school’s emergency response plan, and the proper use of an AED. The principal shall also ensure that instructions, in no less than 14-point type, on how to use the AED are posted next to every AED. The principal shall, at least annually, notify school employees as to the location of all AED units on the campus.

(2) This section does not prohibit a school employee or other person from rendering aid with an AED.

(d) A manufacturer or retailer supplying an AED shall provide to the acquirer of the AED all information governing the use, installation, operation, training, and maintenance of the AED.

(e) A violation of this section is not subject to penalties pursuant to Section 1798.206.

(f) Nothing in this section or Section 1714.21 of the Civil Code may be construed to require a building owner or a building manager to acquire and have installed an AED in any building.

(g) For purposes of this section, “local EMS agency” means an agency established pursuant to Section 1797.200.

(h) This section does not apply to facilities licensed pursuant to subdivision (a), (b), (c), or (f) of Section 1250.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 264, Sec. 2. (SB 658) Effective January 1, 2016.)

1797.197.
  

(a) The authority shall establish training and standards for all prehospital emergency medical care personnel, as defined in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 1797.189, regarding the characteristics and method of assessment and treatment of anaphylactic reactions and the use of epinephrine. The authority shall promulgate regulations regarding these matters for use by all prehospital emergency medical care personnel.

(b) (1) The authority shall develop and, after approval by the commission pursuant to Section 1799.50, adopt training and standards for all prehospital emergency medical care personnel, as defined in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 1797.189, regarding the use and administration of naloxone hydrochloride and other opioid antagonists. The authority shall promulgate regulations regarding these matters for use by all prehospital emergency medical care personnel. The authority may adopt existing training and standards for prehospital emergency medical care personnel regarding the statewide use and administration of naloxone hydrochloride or another opioid antagonist to satisfy the requirements of this section.

(2) The medical director of a local EMS agency may, pursuant to Section 1797.221, approve or conduct a trial study of the use and administration of naloxone hydrochloride or other opioid antagonists by any level of prehospital emergency medical care personnel. Training received by prehospital emergency medical care personnel specific to the use and administration of naloxone hydrochloride or another opioid antagonist during this trial study may be used towards satisfying the training requirements established pursuant to paragraph (1) regarding the use and administration of naloxone hydrochloride and other opioid antagonists by prehospital emergency medical care personnel.

(3) The training described in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall satisfy the requirements of paragraph (1) of subdivision (d) of Section 1714.22 of the Civil Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 491, Sec. 2. (SB 1438) Effective January 1, 2015.)

1797.197a.
  

(a) For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1) “Anaphylaxis” means a potentially life-threatening hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to a substance.

(A) Symptoms of anaphylaxis may include shortness of breath, wheezing, difficulty breathing, difficulty talking or swallowing, hives, itching, swelling, shock, or asthma.

(B) Causes of anaphylaxis may include, but are not limited to, insect stings or bites, foods, drugs, and other allergens, as well as idiopathic or exercise-induced anaphylaxis.

(2) “Authorized entity” means any for-profit, nonprofit, or government entity or organization that employs at least one person or utilizes at least one volunteer or agent that has voluntarily completed a training course as described in subdivision (c).

(3) “Epinephrine auto-injector” means a disposable delivery device designed for the automatic injection of a premeasured dose of epinephrine into the human body to prevent or treat a life-threatening allergic reaction.

(4) “Lay rescuer” means any person who has met the training standards and other requirements of this section but who is not otherwise licensed or certified to use an epinephrine auto-injector on another person.

(5) “Prehospital emergency medical care person” has the same meaning as defined in paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 1797.189.

(b) A prehospital emergency medical care person or lay rescuer may use an epinephrine auto-injector to render emergency care to another person if all of the following requirements are met:

(1) The epinephrine auto-injector is legally obtained by prescription from an authorized health care provider or from an authorized entity that acquired the epinephrine auto-injector pursuant to subdivision (e).

(2) The epinephrine auto-injector is used on another, with the expressed or implied consent of that person, to treat anaphylaxis.

(3) The epinephrine auto-injector is stored and maintained as directed by the manufacturer’s instructions for that product.

(4) The person using the epinephrine auto-injector has successfully completed a course of training with an authorized training provider, as described in subdivision (c), and has current certification of training issued by the provider.

(5) The epinephrine auto-injectors obtained by prehospital emergency medical care personnel pursuant to Section 4119.3 of the Business and Professions Code shall be used only when functioning outside the course of the person’s occupational duties, or as a volunteer, pursuant to this section.

(6) The Emergency Medical Services System is activated as soon as practicable when an epinephrine auto-injector is used.

(c) (1) The authorized training providers shall be approved, and the minimum standards for training and the use and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors pursuant to this section shall be established and approved, by the authority. The authority may designate existing training standards for the use and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors by prehospital emergency medical care personnel to satisfy the requirements of this section.

(2) The minimum training and requirements shall include all of the following components:

(A) Techniques for recognizing circumstances, signs, and symptoms of anaphylaxis.

(B) Standards and procedures for proper storage and emergency use of epinephrine auto-injectors.

(C) Emergency followup procedures, including activation of the Emergency Medical Services System, by calling the emergency 911 telephone number or otherwise alerting and summoning more advanced medical personnel and services.

(D) Compliance with all regulations governing the training, indications, use, and precautions concerning epinephrine auto-injectors.

(E) Written material covering the information required under this provision, including the manufacturer product information sheets on commonly available models of epinephrine auto-injectors.

(F) Completion of a training course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automatic external defibrillator (AED) for infants, children, and adults that complies with regulations adopted by the authority and the standards of the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross, and a current certification for that training.

(3) Training certification shall be valid for no more than two years, after which recertification with an authorized training provider is required.

(4) The director may, in accordance with regulations adopted by the authority, deny, suspend, or revoke any approval issued under this subdivision or may place any approved training provider on probation upon a finding by the director of an imminent threat to public health and safety, as evidenced by any of the following:

(A) Fraud.

(B) Incompetence.

(C) The commission of any fraudulent, dishonest, or corrupt act that is substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of training program directors or instructors.

(D) Conviction of any crime that is substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of training program directors or instructors. The record of conviction or a certified copy of the record shall be conclusive evidence of the conviction.

(E) Violating or attempting to violate, directly or indirectly, or assisting in or abetting the violation of, or conspiring to violate, any provision of this section or the regulations promulgated by the authority pertaining to the review and approval of training programs in anaphylaxis and the use and administration of epinephrine auto-injectors, as described in this subdivision.

(d) (1) The authority shall assess a fee pursuant to regulation sufficient to cover the reasonable costs incurred by the authority for the ongoing review and approval of training and certification under subdivision (c).

(2) The fees shall be deposited in the Specialized First Aid Training Program Approval Fund, which is hereby created in the State Treasury. All moneys deposited in the fund shall be made available, upon appropriation, to the authority for purposes described in paragraph (1).

(3) The authority may transfer unused portions of the Specialized First Aid Training Program Approval Fund to the Surplus Money Investment Fund. Funds transferred to the Surplus Money Investment Fund shall be placed in a separate trust account, and shall be available for transfer to the Specialized First Aid Training Program Approval Fund, together with the interest earned, when requested by the authority.

(4) The authority shall maintain a reserve balance in the Specialized First Aid Training Program Approval Fund of 5 percent of annual revenues. Any increase in the fees deposited in the Specialized First Aid Training Program Approval Fund shall be effective upon determination by the authority that additional moneys are required to fund expenditures pursuant to subdivision (c).

(e) (1) An authorized health care provider may issue a prescription for an epinephrine auto-injector to a prehospital emergency medical care person or a lay rescuer for the purpose of rendering emergency care to another person upon presentation of a current epinephrine auto-injector certification card issued by the authority demonstrating that the person is trained and qualified to administer an epinephrine auto-injector pursuant to this section or any other law.

(2) An authorized health care provider may issue a prescription for an epinephrine auto-injector to an authorized entity if the authorized entity submits evidence it employs at least one person, or utilizes at least one volunteer or agent, who is trained and has a current epinephrine auto-injector certification card issued by the authority demonstrating that the person is qualified to administer an epinephrine auto-injector pursuant to this section.

(f) An authorized entity that possesses and makes available epinephrine auto-injectors shall do both of the following:

(1) Create and maintain on its premises an operations plan that includes all of the following:

(A) The name and contact number for the authorized health care provider who prescribed the epinephrine auto-injector.

(B) Where and how the epinephrine auto-injector will be stored.

(C) The names of the designated employees or agents who have completed the training program required by this section and who are authorized to administer the epinephrine auto-injector.

(D) How and when the epinephrine auto-injector will be inspected for an expiration date.

(E) The process to replace the expired epinephrine auto-injector, including the proper disposal of the expired epinephrine auto-injector or used epinephrine auto-injector in a sharps container.

(2) Submit to the authority, in a manner identified by the authority, a report of each incident that involves the use of an epinephrine auto-injector, not more than 30 days after each use. The authority shall annually publish a report that summarizes all reports submitted to it under this subdivision.

(g) This section does not apply to a school district or county office of education, or its personnel, that provides and utilizes epinephrine auto-injectors to provide emergency medical aid pursuant to Section 49414 of the Education Code.

(h) This section shall not be construed to limit or restrict the ability of prehospital emergency medical care personnel, under any other statute or regulation, to administer epinephrine, including the use of epinephrine auto-injectors, or to require additional training or certification beyond what is already required under the other statute or regulation.

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 561, Sec. 109. (AB 1516) Effective January 1, 2018.)

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