Code Section Group

Health and Safety Code - HSC

DIVISION 104. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH [106500 - 119405]

  ( Division 104 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

PART 7. CALIFORNIA RETAIL FOOD CODE [113700 - 114437]

  ( Part 7 repealed and added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. )

CHAPTER 6. Equipment, Utensils, and Linens [114130 - 114185.5]

  ( Chapter 6 added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. )

ARTICLE 1. Design and Construction [114130 - 114145]
  ( Article 1 added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. )

114130.
  

(a) Equipment and utensils shall be designed and constructed to be durable and to retain their characteristic qualities under normal use conditions.

(b) Except as specified in subdivision (c), all new and replacement food-related and utensil-related equipment shall be certified or classified for sanitation by an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) accredited certification program. In the absence of an applicable ANSI certified sanitation standard, food-related and utensil-related equipment shall be evaluated for approval by the enforcement agency.

(c)  Restricted food service facilities need not comply with subdivision (b), depending on the extent of the food service activities, and if the enforcement officer determines that the equipment meets the characteristics of subdivision (a).

(d) All new and replacement electrical appliances shall meet applicable Underwriters Laboratories standards for electrical equipment as determined by an ANSI accredited certification program.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114130.1.
  

Materials that are used in the construction of utensils and food-contact surfaces of equipment shall not allow the migration of deleterious substances or impart colors, odors, or tastes to food and under normal use conditions shall be safe, durable, corrosion-resistant, and nonabsorbent, sufficient in weight and thickness to withstand repeated warewashing, finished to have a smooth, easily cleanable surface, and resistant to pitting, chipping, crazing, scratching, scoring, distortion, and decomposition.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114130.2.
  

Materials that are used to make single-use articles shall not allow the migration of deleterious substances or impart colors, odors, or tastes to food, and shall be safe and clean.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114130.3.
  

(a) Multiuse food-contact surfaces shall be all of the following:

(1) Smooth.

(2) Free of breaks, open seams, cracks, chips, inclusions, pits, and similar imperfections.

(3) Free of sharp internal angles, corners, and crevices.

(4) Finished to have smooth welds and joints.

(5) Except as specified in subdivision (b), accessible for cleaning and inspection by one of the following methods:

(A) Without being disassembled.

(B) By disassembling without the use of tools.

(C) By easy disassembling with the use of handheld tools commonly available to maintenance and cleaning personnel such as screwdrivers, pliers, open-end wrenches, and Allen wrenches.

(b) Paragraph (5) of subdivision (a) shall not apply to cooking oil storage tanks, distribution lines for cooking oils, or beverage syrup lines or tubes.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114130.4.
  

Nonfood-contact surfaces of equipment that are exposed to splash, spillage, or other food soiling or that require frequent cleaning shall be constructed of a corrosion-resistant, nonabsorbent, and smooth material that allows easy cleaning and to facilitate maintenance and free of unnecessary ledges, projections, and crevices to allow for easy cleaning and to facilitate maintenance.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114130.5.
  

(a) Except for CIP equipment in operation before the effective date of this part, CIP equipment shall meet the characteristics of a food contact surface and shall be designed and constructed so that cleaning and sanitizing solutions circulate throughout a fixed system and contact all interior food-contact surfaces and the system is self-draining or capable of being completely drained of cleaning and sanitizing solutions.

(b) CIP equipment that is not designed to be disassembled for cleaning shall be designed with inspection access points to ensure that all interior food-contact surfaces throughout the fixed system are being effectively cleaned.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114130.6.
  

Materials that are used in fabric implements shall not allow the migration of deleterious substances or impart colors, odors, or tastes to food and under normal use conditions shall be safe, durable, and sufficient in strength to withstand repeated cleaning or laundering and shall be resistant to fraying and deterioration.

(Added by Stats. 2009, Ch. 571, Sec. 43. (SB 241) Effective October 11, 2009.)

114132.
  

(a) Except as specified in this section, wood and wood wicker shall not be used as a food-contact surface.

(b) Hard maple or an equivalently hard, close-grained wood may be used for cutting boards, cutting blocks, bakers’ tables, utensils such as rolling pins, doughnut dowels, salad bowls, and chopsticks, wooden paddles used in confectionery operations for pressure scraping kettles when manually preparing confections at a temperature of 230°F or above, and cedar planks used for grilling or baking seafood.

(c) Whole, uncut, raw fruits and vegetables and nuts in the shell may be kept in wood shipping containers until the fruits, vegetables, or nuts are used.

(d) When wood or wood shipping containers become cracked, splintered, or otherwise damaged, they shall be refurbished or replaced.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114133.
  

(a) Except as specified in subdivision (b), copper and copper alloys such as brass may not be used in contact with a food that has a pH below six, such as vinegar, fruit juice, or wine, or for a fitting or tubing installed between a backflow prevention device and a carbonator.

(b) Copper and copper alloys may be used in contact with beer brewing ingredients that have a pH below six in the prefermentation and fermentation steps of a beer brewing operation, such as a brewpub or microbrewery.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114135.
  

Sponges shall not be used in contact with cleaned and sanitized or in-use food-contact surfaces.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114137.
  

Except for hot oil cooking or filtering equipment, “V” type threads shall not be used on food-contact surfaces.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114139.
  

Cutting or piercing parts of can openers shall be readily removable for cleaning and for replacement.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114141.
  

Lubricants shall be applied to food-contact surfaces that require lubrication in a manner that does not contaminate food or food-contact surfaces. Equipment shall be reassembled after lubrication so that food contact surfaces are not contaminated. Only approved food grade lubricants shall be used for this purpose.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114143.
  

Notwithstanding any of the provisions of this part, neither the department nor any city, county, city and county air pollution control district, or air quality management district shall require the enclosure of an open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven if the enforcement officer determines that the barbecue or wood-burning oven meets all of the following requirements:

(a) The open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven is operated on the same premises as, in reasonable proximity to, and in conjunction with, a permanent food facility that is approved for food preparation, or a temporary food facility or a mobile food facility that is operating at a community event. The permitholder of the permanent food facility, temporary food facility or mobile food facility shall be deemed to be the permitholder of the open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven, and shall be responsible for ensuring that it is operated in full compliance with this part.

(b) The open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven is not operated in, or out of, any motor vehicle, or in any area or location that may constitute a fire hazard, as determined by the enforcement officer.

(c) The open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven is separated from public access to prevent food contamination or injury to the public by using ropes or other approved methods.

(d) If the open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven is a permanent structure, it shall be equipped with an impervious and easily cleanable floor surface that extends a minimum of five feet from the open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven facility on all open sides.

(e) Sanitary facilities, including, but not limited to, toilet facilities and handwashing facilities shall be available for use within 200 feet in travel distance of the open-air barbecue or outdoor wood-burning oven and shall comply with all provisions of this part.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

114145.
  

Vending machines shall meet all applicable requirements of this part and shall comply with the following:

(a) Each vending machine or machine location shall have posted in a prominent place a sign indicating the owner’s name, address, and telephone number.

(b) Wet storage of prepackaged products is prohibited.

(c) Potentially hazardous food shall be dispensed to the consumer in the original package into which it was placed at the commissary or food processing plant. Bulk potentially hazardous food is prohibited.

(d) Single-use articles that are used in machines dispensing products in bulk shall be obtained in sanitary packages. The single-use articles shall be stored in the original package until introduced into the container magazine or dispenser of the vending machine.

(e) A record of cleaning and sanitizing shall be maintained by the operator in each machine and shall be current for at least the past 30 days.

(f) All vending machines shall be constructed in accordance with applicable NSF International or National Automatic Merchandizing Association standards, or the equivalent thereof.

(g) If located outside, a vending machine shall be provided with overhead protection.

(h) The dispensing compartment of a vending machine shall be equipped with a self-closing door or cover if the machine is located in an outside area that does not otherwise afford the protection of an enclosure against the rain, windblown debris, insects, rodents, and other contaminants that are present in the environment, or if the machine is available for self-service during hours when it is not under the full-time supervision of an employee.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 23, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 2007. Operative July 1, 2007, by Sec. 3 of Ch. 23.)

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