Code Section Group

Government Code - GOV

TITLE 7. PLANNING AND LAND USE [65000 - 66499.58]

  ( Heading of Title 7 amended by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1536. )

DIVISION 2. SUBDIVISIONS [66410 - 66499.38]

  ( Division 2 added by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1536. )

CHAPTER 1. General Provisions and Definitions [66410 - 66424.6]

  ( Chapter 1 added by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1536. )

ARTICLE 1. General Provisions [66410 - 66413.5]
  ( Article 1 added by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1536. )

66410.
  

This division may be cited as the Subdivision Map Act.

(Added by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1536.)

66411.
  

Regulation and control of the design and improvement of subdivisions are vested in the legislative bodies of local agencies. Each local agency shall, by ordinance, regulate and control the initial design and improvement of common interest developments as defined in Section 4100 or 6534 of the Civil Code and subdivisions for which this division requires a tentative and final or parcel map. In the development, adoption, revision, and application of this type of ordinance, the local agency shall comply with the provisions of Section 65913.2. The ordinance shall specifically provide for proper grading and erosion control, including the prevention of sedimentation or damage to offsite property. Each local agency may by ordinance regulate and control other subdivisions, provided that the regulations are not more restrictive than the regulations for those subdivisions for which a tentative and final or parcel map are required by this division, and provided further that the regulations shall not be applied to short-term leases (terminable by either party on not more than 30 days’ notice in writing) of a portion of the operating right-of-way of a railroad corporation as defined by Section 230 of the Public Utilities Code unless a showing is made in individual cases, under substantial evidence, that public policy necessitates the application of the regulations to those short-term leases in individual cases.

(Amended (as amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 181, Sec. 55) by Stats. 2013, Ch. 605, Sec. 29. Effective January 1, 2014.)

66411.1.
  

(a) Notwithstanding Section 66428, whenever a local ordinance requires improvements for a division of land which is not a subdivision of five or more lots, the regulations shall be limited to the dedication of rights-of-way, easements, and the construction of reasonable offsite and onsite improvements for the parcels being created. Requirements for the construction of offsite and onsite improvements shall be noticed by a statement on the parcel map, on the instrument evidencing the waiver of the parcel map, or by a separate instrument and shall be recorded on, concurrently with, or prior to the parcel map or instrument of waiver of a parcel map being filed for record.

(b) Notwithstanding Section 66428, fulfillment of the construction requirements shall not be required until the time a permit or other grant of approval for development of the parcel is issued by the local agency or, where provided by local ordinances, until the time the construction of the improvements is required pursuant to an agreement between the subdivider and the local agency, except that in the absence of an agreement, a local agency may require fulfillment of the construction requirements within a reasonable time following approval of the parcel map and prior to the issuance of a permit or other grant of approval for the development of a parcel upon a finding by the local agency that fulfillment of the construction requirements is necessary for either of the following reasons:

(1) The public health and safety.

(2) The required construction is a necessary prerequisite to the orderly development of the surrounding area.

(Amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 655, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1995.)

66411.5.
  

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, whenever a parcel map or final map is required to effectuate a judicial partition of property pursuant to subdivision (b) and pursuant to Section 872.040 of the Code of Civil Procedure, the local agency approving the parcel map or final map may establish the amount of any monetary exaction or any dedication or improvement requirement authorized by law as a condition of approving the parcel map or final map, but shall not require payment of the exaction, the undertaking of the improvement, or posting of security for future performance thereof and shall not accept any required offer of dedication until the time specified in subdivision (b).

(b) This section applies to judicial partition of real property which is subject to a contract under Article 3 (commencing with Section 51240) of Chapter 7 of Part 1 of Division 1 of Title 5 and which will remain subject to that contract subsequent to the filing of the parcel map or final map. With respect to any parcel created by a parcel map or final map subject to this section, payment of exactions and acceptance of offers of dedication under this section shall be deferred by the local agency until the contract terminates or is canceled as to that parcel, except that no deferral is required under this subdivision as to fees and assessments that are due and payable for governmental services provided to the parcel prior to termination or cancellation of the contract. The applicants for a parcel map or final map subject to this section shall be personally liable for performance of obligations deferred under this section at the time they become due.

(Added by Stats. 1988, Ch. 494, Sec. 1.)

66412.
  

This division shall be inapplicable to any of the following:

(a) The financing or leasing of apartments, offices, stores, or similar space within apartment buildings, industrial buildings, commercial buildings, mobilehome parks, or trailer parks.

(b) Mineral, oil, or gas leases.

(c) Land dedicated for cemetery purposes under the Health and Safety Code.

(d) A lot line adjustment between four or fewer existing adjoining parcels, where the land taken from one parcel is added to an adjoining parcel, and where a greater number of parcels than originally existed is not thereby created, if the lot line adjustment is approved by the local agency, or advisory agency. A local agency or advisory agency shall limit its review and approval to a determination of whether or not the parcels resulting from the lot line adjustment will conform to the local general plan, any applicable specific plan, any applicable coastal plan, and zoning and building ordinances. An advisory agency or local agency shall not impose conditions or exactions on its approval of a lot line adjustment except to conform to the local general plan, any applicable specific plan, any applicable coastal plan, and zoning and building ordinances, to require the prepayment of real property taxes prior to the approval of the lot line adjustment, or to facilitate the relocation of existing utilities, infrastructure, or easements. No tentative map, parcel map, or final map shall be required as a condition to the approval of a lot line adjustment. The lot line adjustment shall be reflected in a deed, which shall be recorded. No record of survey shall be required for a lot line adjustment unless required by Section 8762 of the Business and Professions Code. A local agency shall approve or disapprove a lot line adjustment pursuant to the Permit Streamlining Act (Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 65920) of Division 1).

(e) Boundary line or exchange agreements to which the State Lands Commission or a local agency holding a trust grant of tide and submerged lands is a party.

(f) Any separate assessment under Section 2188.7 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

(g) The conversion of a community apartment project, as defined in Section 4105 of the Civil Code, to a condominium, as defined in Section 783 of the Civil Code, but only if all of the following requirements are met:

(1) The property was subdivided before January 1, 1982, as evidenced by a recorded deed creating the community apartment project.

(2) Subject to compliance with Sections 4290 and 4295 of the Civil Code, all conveyances and other documents necessary to effectuate the conversion shall be executed by the required number of owners in the project as specified in the bylaws or other organizational documents. If the bylaws or other organizational documents do not expressly specify the number of owners necessary to execute the conveyances and other documents, a majority of owners in the project shall be required to execute the conveyances or other documents. Conveyances and other documents executed under the foregoing provisions shall be binding upon and affect the interests of all parties in the project.

(3) If subdivision, as defined in Section 66424, of the property occurred after January 1, 1964, both of the following requirements are met:

(A) A final or parcel map of that subdivision was approved by the local agency and recorded, with all of the conditions of that map remaining in effect after the conversion.

(B) No more than 49 percent of the units in the project were owned by any one person as defined in Section 17, including an incorporator or director of the community apartment project, on January 1, 1982.

(4) The local agency certifies that the above requirements were satisfied if the local agency, by ordinance, provides for that certification.

(h)  The conversion of a stock cooperative, as defined in Section 4190 or 6566 of the Civil Code, to a condominium, as defined in Section 783 of the Civil Code, but only if all of the following requirements are met:

(1) The property was subdivided before January 1, 1982, as evidenced by a recorded deed creating the stock cooperative, an assignment of lease, or issuance of shares to a stockholder.

(2) A person renting a unit in a cooperative shall be entitled at the time of conversion to all tenant rights in state or local law, including, but not limited to, rights respecting first refusal, notice, and displacement and relocation benefits.

(3) Subject to compliance with Sections 4290 and 4295, or with Sections 6626 and 6628, of the Civil Code, all conveyances and other documents necessary to effectuate the conversion shall be executed by the required number of owners in the cooperative as specified in the bylaws or other organizational documents. If the bylaws or other organizational documents do not expressly specify the number of owners necessary to execute the conveyances and other documents, a majority of owners in the cooperative shall be required to execute the conveyances or other documents. Conveyances and other documents executed under the foregoing provisions shall be binding upon and affect the interests of all parties in the cooperative.

(4) If subdivision, as defined in Section 66424, of the property occurred after January 1, 1980, both of the following requirements are met:

(A) A final or parcel map of that subdivision was approved by the local agency and recorded, with all of the conditions of that map remaining in effect after the conversion.

(B) No more than 49 percent of the shares in the project were owned by any one person as defined in Section 17, including an incorporator or director of the cooperative, on January 1, 1982.

(5) The local agency certifies that the above requirements were satisfied if the local agency, by ordinance, provides for that certification.

(i) The leasing of, or the granting of an easement to, a parcel of land, or any portion or portions thereof, in conjunction with the financing, erection, and sale or lease of a wind powered electrical generation device on the land, if the project is subject to discretionary action by the advisory agency or legislative body.

(j) The leasing or licensing of a portion of a parcel, or the granting of an easement, use permit, or similar right on a portion of a parcel, to a telephone corporation as defined in Section 234 of the Public Utilities Code, exclusively for the placement and operation of cellular radio transmission facilities, including, but not limited to, antennae support structures, microwave dishes, structures to house cellular communications transmission equipment, power sources, and other equipment incidental to the transmission of cellular communications, if the project is subject to discretionary action by the advisory agency or legislative body.

(k) Leases of agricultural land for agricultural purposes. As used in this subdivision, “agricultural purposes” means the cultivation of food or fiber, or the grazing or pasturing of livestock.

(l) The leasing of, or the granting of an easement to, a parcel of land, or any portion or portions thereof, in conjunction with the financing, erection, and sale or lease of a solar electrical generation device on the land, if the project is subject to review under other local agency ordinances regulating design and improvement or, if the project is subject to other discretionary action by the advisory agency or legislative body.

(m) The leasing of, or the granting of an easement to, a parcel of land or any portion or portions of the land in conjunction with a biogas project that uses, as part of its operation, agricultural waste or byproducts from the land where the project is located and reduces overall emissions of greenhouse gases from agricultural operations on the land if the project is subject to review under other local agency ordinances regulating design and improvement or if the project is subject to discretionary action by the advisory agency or legislative body.

(Amended (as amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 181, Sec. 56) by Stats. 2013, Ch. 605, Sec. 30. Effective January 1, 2014.)

66412.1.
  

This division shall also be inapplicable to:

(a) The financing or leasing of any parcel of land, or any portion thereof, in conjunction with the construction of commercial or industrial buildings on a single parcel, unless the project is not subject to review under other local agency ordinances regulating design and improvement.

(b) The financing or leasing of existing separate commercial or industrial buildings on a single parcel.

(Amended by Stats. 1982, Ch. 87, Sec. 4. Effective March 1, 1982.)

66412.2.
  

This division shall not apply to the construction, financing, or leasing of dwelling units pursuant to Section 65852.1 or accessory dwelling units pursuant to Section 65852.2, but this division shall be applicable to the sale or transfer, but not leasing, of those units.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 720, Sec. 6. Effective January 1, 2017.)

66412.3.
  

In carrying out the provisions of this division, each local agency shall consider the effect of ordinances and actions adopted pursuant to this division on the housing needs of the region in which the local jurisdiction is situated and balance these needs against the public service needs of its residents and available fiscal and environmental resources.

(Added by renumbering Section 66412.2 by Stats. 1983, Ch. 1013, Sec. 1. Effective September 22, 1983.)

66412.5.
  

When so provided by local ordinance, this division shall be inapplicable to subdivisions of four parcels or less for construction of removable commercial buildings having a floor area of less than 100 square feet.

(Added by Stats. 1977, Ch. 412.)

66412.6.
  

(a) For purposes of this division or of a local ordinance enacted pursuant thereto, any parcel created prior to March 4, 1972, shall be conclusively presumed to have been lawfully created if the parcel resulted from a division of land in which fewer than five parcels were created and if at the time of the creation of the parcel, there was no local ordinance in effect which regulated divisions of land creating fewer than five parcels.

(b) For purposes of this division or of a local ordinance enacted pursuant thereto, any parcel created prior to March 4, 1972, shall be conclusively presumed to have been lawfully created if any subsequent purchaser acquired that parcel for valuable consideration without actual or constructive knowledge of a violation of this division or the local ordinance. Owners of parcels or units of land affected by the provisions of this subdivision shall be required to obtain a certificate of compliance or a conditional certificate of compliance pursuant to Section 66499.35 prior to obtaining a permit or other grant of approval for development of the parcel or unit of land. For purposes of determining whether the parcel or unit of land complies with the provisions of this division and of local ordinances enacted pursuant thereto, as required pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 66499.35, the presumption declared in this subdivision shall not be operative.

(c) This section shall become operative January 1, 1995.

(Amended (as added by Stats. 1988, Ch. 1041, Sec. 2) by Stats. 1993, Ch. 500, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1994. Section operative January 1, 1995, by its own provisions.)

66412.7.
  

A subdivision shall be deemed established for purposes of subdivision (d) of Section 66499.30 and any other provision of this division on the date of recordation of the final map or parcel map, except that in the case of (1) maps filed for approval prior to March 4, 1972, and subsequently approved by the local agency or (2) subdivisions exempted from map requirements by a certificate of exception (or the equivalent) applied for prior to such date and subsequently issued by the local agency pursuant to local ordinance, the subdivision shall be deemed established on the date the map or application for a certificate of exception (or the equivalent) was filed with the local agency.

(Added by Stats. 1980, Ch. 479.)

66412.8.
  

(a) A project located in Los Angeles County that is approved by a public agency before the effective date of the act adding this section is not in violation of any requirement of this division by reason of the failure to construct a roadway across the property transferred to the state pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 21080.29 of the Public Resources Code and to construct a bridge over the adjacent Ballona Channel in Los Angeles County, otherwise required as a condition of approval of a vesting tentative map or a tentative map, if all of the following conditions apply:

(1) The improvements specified in subdivision (a) are not constructed, due in whole or in part, to the project owner’s or developer’s relinquishment of easement rights to construct the improvements.

(2) The easement rights specified in paragraph (1) are relinquished in connection with the acquisition by the State of California, acting by and through the Wildlife Conservation Board of the Department of Fish and Game, of a wetlands project that is a minimum of 400 acres in size and located in the coastal zone.

(b) Where the easement rights have been relinquished, any municipal ordinance or regulation adopted by a charter city or a general law city shall be inapplicable to the extent that the ordinance or regulation requires construction of the transportation improvements specified in subdivision (a), or would otherwise require reprocessing or resubmittal of a permit or approval, including, but not limited to, a final recorded map, a vesting tentative map, or a tentative map, as a result of the transportation improvements specified in subdivision (a) not being constructed.

(Added by Stats. 2003, Ch. 739, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2004.)

66412.9.
  

This division shall not apply to leases of agriculturally zoned land to nonprofit organizations for the purpose of operating an agricultural labor housing project on the property if all of the following conditions apply:

(1) The property to be leased shall not be more than five acres.

(2) The lease shall be for not less than 30 years.

(3) The lease shall be executed prior to January 1, 2017.

(Added by Stats. 2009, Ch. 447, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2010.)

66413.
  

(a) When any area in a subdivision as to which a final map has been finally approved by a board of supervisors and filed for record pursuant to this division is thereafter annexed to a city, the final map and any agreements relating to the subdivision shall continue to govern the subdivision.

(b) When any area in a subdivision or proposed subdivision as to which a tentative map or vesting tentative map has been filed but a final map has not been finally approved, or as to which a parcel map is required by this division or local ordinance but the final act required to make the parcel map effective has not been taken, is annexed to a city, all procedures and regulations required by this division or by local ordinance of the annexing city shall be deemed to commence as of the effective date of the annexation and the map shall comply with the requirements of any applicable ordinance of the city to which the area is annexed.

(Amended by Stats. 1986, Ch. 613, Sec. 1.)

66413.5.
  

(a) When any area in a subdivision or proposed subdivision as to which a tentative map meeting the criteria of this section has been approved by a board of supervisors is incorporated into a newly incorporated city, the newly incorporated city shall approve the final map if it meets all of the conditions of the tentative map and meets the requirements and conditions for approval of final maps as provided in Article 4 (commencing with Section 66456), and other requirements of this division.

(b) When any area in a subdivision or proposed subdivision as to which a vesting tentative map meeting the criteria of this section has been approved by a board of supervisors is incorporated into a newly incorporated city, the newly incorporated city shall approve the final map and give effect to the vesting tentative map as provided in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 66498.1), if the final map meets all of the conditions of the vesting tentative map and meets the requirements and conditions for approval of final maps as provided in Article 4 (commencing with Section 66456), Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 66498.1), and other requirements of this division.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) and (b), the newly incorporated city may condition or deny a permit, approval, or extension, or entitlement if it determines either of the following:

(1) Failure to do so would place the residents of the subdivision or the immediate community, or both, in a condition dangerous to their health or safety, or both.

(2) The condition or denial is required, in order to comply with state or federal law.

(d) The rights conferred by this section shall expire if a final map application is not timely filed prior to the expiration of the tentative or vesting tentative map. Prior to the approval of the final map, the rights conferred by this section shall be subject to the applicable time periods set forth in Section 66452.6, which shall not exceed eight years from the date of the incorporation unless an applicant and the newly incorporated city mutually agree to a longer period provided by this division.

(e) An approved tentative map or vesting tentative map shall not limit a newly incorporated city from imposing reasonable conditions on subsequent required approvals or permits necessary for the development, and authorized by the ordinances, policies, and standards described in Section 66474.2.

(f) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (g), this section applies to any approved tentative map or approved vesting tentative map that meets both of the following requirements:

(1) The application for the tentative map or the vesting tentative map is submitted prior to the date that the first signature was affixed to the petition for incorporation pursuant to Section 56704, regardless of the validity of the first signature, or the adoption of the resolution pursuant to Section 56800, whichever occurs first.

(2) The county approved the tentative map or the vesting tentative map prior to the date of the election on the question of incorporation.

(g) This section does not apply to any territory for which the effective date of the incorporation is prior to January 1, 1999.

(h) It is not the intent of the Legislature to influence or affect any litigation pending on or initiated before January 1, 1999.

(Added by Stats. 1998, Ch. 689, Sec. 7.5. Effective January 1, 1999.)

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