Code Section Group

Government Code - GOV

TITLE 5. LOCAL AGENCIES [50001 - 57607]

  ( Title 5 added by Stats. 1949, Ch. 81. )

DIVISION 1. CITIES AND COUNTIES [50001 - 52203]

  ( Division 1 added by Stats. 1949, Ch. 81. )

PART 1. POWERS AND DUTIES COMMON TO CITIES AND COUNTIES [50001 - 51298.5]

  ( Part 1 added by Stats. 1949, Ch. 81. )

CHAPTER 2.5. Open Space Maintenance Districts [50575 - 50628]

  ( Chapter 2.5 added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503. )

ARTICLE 2. Formation of District [50590 - 50607]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503. )

50590.
  

Proceedings for the formation of an open space maintenance district may be initiated by petition signed by the owners of assessable land in the proposed district, as shown by the last equalized assessment roll of the county, owning lands of an assessed value of not less than twenty-five percent (25%) of the total assessed value of all assessable land in the district, as shown by the last equalized county assessment roll. The petition shall contain a general description of the exterior boundaries of the proposed district, a general description of the open spaces to be maintained, a general description of the maintenance to be done on the open spaces, and a statement that the petition is filed pursuant to this chapter. The petition shall be filed with the clerk, who shall check or cause it to be checked. If it is signed by the requisite number of qualified signers, the clerk shall make his certificate to that effect and shall present the petition and certificate to the legislative body.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50591.
  

Before the legislative body adopts an ordinance of intention to form the district, the superintendent of streets or other officer, board or commission of the local agency designated by the legislative body shall make and file with the clerk a preliminary report which shall contain the following information:

(a) A general description of the open areas proposed to be maintained, all of which must lie wholly within the boundaries of the district;

(b) A general description of the proposed maintenance;

(c) An estimate of the annual costs and expenses of maintenance of the open areas which benefit property within the proposed district;

(d) A diagram or map showing:

(i) The boundaries of the district proposed to be assessed and the public streets, alleys, ways or other public places situated therein;

(ii) Each parcel of land benefited by the maintenance, giving each a separate number or designation upon the diagram. The said diagram, as approved by the legislative body, shall govern for all details as to the lands determined to be benefited by the maintenance and to thereafter be assessed.

The preliminary report, prior to its filing with the clerk, shall be referred to the planning commission, if any, for its recommendation upon the formation of such district. The recommendation of the planning commission shall be transmitted to the clerk along with the preliminary report.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50592.
  

After the filing of the report, the clerk shall present it to the legislative body for consideration. The legislative body may approve, amend, alter, modify or correct the report or may direct changes to be made therein. When the report has been approved by the legislative body, it may fix a time and place for hearing objections to the proposed formation of the district or to the report and may adopt an ordinance declaring its intention to form the district. The report shall thereafter be open to inspection in the office of the clerk until the public hearing.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50593.
  

If the legislative body determines that the public interest and convenience require the formation of a district, it may adopt an ordinance declaring its intention to form a district pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. The ordinance of intention, in addition to making the foregoing determination, shall also contain:

(a) A general description of the exterior boundaries of the proposed district, as specified in Section 50594.

(b) A general description of the maintenance proposed to be done and the open areas to be maintained or conserved thereby.

(c) A statement that an annual assessment may be levied to pay the costs and expenses of the maintenance on the open areas.

(d) A statement that amounts so assessed shall be billed for and collected as a part of the regular tax bills.

(e) The day, hour and place for the hearing by the legislative body of protests and objections to the formation of the proposed district or to the proposed maintenance, and a statement that any owner of property liable to be assessed for the maintenance may make written protest against the proposed maintenance or against the formation of the proposed district or both by filing a written protest with the clerk at any time not later than the hour so fixed for the hearing. The time for the hearing shall not be less than 15 or more than 60 days from the date of the adoption by the legislative body of the ordinance. If new or increased assessments are proposed, the legislative body shall comply with the notice, hearing, and protest procedures in Section 53753.

(Amended by Stats. 2000, Ch. 262, Sec. 18. Effective January 1, 2001.)

50594.
  

The proposed assessment district may be described in the ordinance of intention by stating the exterior boundaries thereof or by referring to the diagram provided for in the Preliminary report required therefor. The description of the maintenance shall be sufficient if the ordinance states in general terms the classes or kinds of maintenance contemplated, contains a general description of the property upon which the maintenance is to be done or the name by which such property is commonly known, and refers to plans and reports on file, if any, or such of them as may be suitable or proper for a description of the proposed maintenance. Portions of the improvement or of the territory comprising the assessment district need not be contiguous.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50596.
  

The legislative body in its discretion may, in the ordinance of intention or at any subsequent time, order that a portion of the costs and expenses of the maintenance shall be paid out of the treasury of the local agency from such fund as the legislative body may designate and the amount of such payment shall be so specified.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50597.
  

The ordinance of intention shall be published as provided in Section 6061 and at least 15 days before the date set for hearing protests or objections.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50603.
  

At the hearing the legislative body may order changes in the proposed maintenance or the proposed boundaries of the district by the elimination of any portion thereof which will not in its opinion be benefited by the work proposed to be done.

If the legislative body proposes a change in the boundaries to include additional land in the district, the legislative body shall adopt a resolution briefly describing the change proposed to be made and giving notice of the time and place when and where any interested person may object to such change. The clerk shall mail a copy of a notice of intention to do so to each person described in Section 50598 included in the area proposed to be added, within the time and in the manner set forth in Section 50598. The notice shall describe the proposed change and specify the time for hearing objections. The notice shall also be published in the time and manner provided for in Section 50597.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50604.
  

If the boundaries are changed, objections or protests made by owners of land excluded by the change shall not be counted in computing a majority protest, but written objections or protests to the things proposed to be done as an entirety made by owners of the remaining assessable land in the district, including assessable land added by a change, and filed with the clerk not later than the time set for hearing objections to the proposed change, shall be included in computing a majority protest.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50605.
  

Except in the case of a majority protest, the legislative body may sustain or deny any or all objections or protests and its determination is final. The determination shall be entered upon the minutes. If the protests are denied or if no protests are filed, the legislative body shall immediately acquire jurisdiction to form the district and to order the maintenance, as proposed or as changed, to be done and to proceed further in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. In the event there is a majority protest against a change of boundaries to include additional land, as provided for in Section 50603, no such change shall be ordered by the legislative body.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

50606.
  

If the legislative body decides to proceed, it shall by ordinance fix and establish the boundaries of the district, declare that the district is formed pursuant to this chapter, describe the open areas to be maintained by the district, order the maintenance to be performed and provide that the cost and expense of doing the maintenance shall be paid by annual assessments upon the land within the district. The ordinance forming the district shall be final and conclusive on all persons in all particulars.

(Amended by Stats. 2000, Ch. 262, Sec. 25. Effective January 1, 2001.)

50607.
  

Any objections or protests not made at the time and in the manner provided for by this chapter are deemed waived voluntarily. The validity of proceedings taken under this chapter shall not be attacked subsequent to the hearing upon any ground not stated in an objection or protest filed pursuant to this chapter. Any landowner or person interested in any land within the district is estopped to attack the proceedings upon any ground not stated in a protest filed by him pursuant to this chapter. The validity of the formation of a district formed pursuant to this chapter shall not be contested in any action or proceeding unless the action or proceeding is commenced within 30 days after the time the district is formed. Any appeal from a final judgment in such an action or proceeding must be perfected within 30 days after the entry of the judgment. Any defect, error, or informality in the petition, the clerk’s certificate, the publication, posting, or mailing of notices, or failure of the landowner or person interested in the land to receive notice shall not invalidate any proceeding pursuant to this chapter.

(Added by Stats. 1965, Ch. 1503.)

GOVGovernment Code - GOV2