Code Section Group

Financial Code - FIN

DIVISION 5. CREDIT UNIONS [14000 - 16906]

  ( Division 5 repealed and added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 112. )

CHAPTER 2. Formation [14100 - 14156]

  ( Chapter 2 added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 112. )

ARTICLE 1. Incorporation and Bylaws [14100 - 14103]
  ( Article 1 added by Stats. 1979, Ch. 112. )

14100.
  

(a) Credit unions shall be incorporated under the Nonprofit Mutual Benefit Corporation Law of this state.

(b) The Secretary of State shall not file the articles of incorporation of a credit union organized pursuant to subdivision (a) unless the approval of the commissioner is endorsed thereon.

(c) The Secretary of State shall not file articles of incorporation setting forth a name in which “credit union” or related words appear unless the approval of the commissioner is attached. This section shall not apply to the articles of any corporation subject to the California Credit Union Law on which the approval of the commissioner is endorsed.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 734, Sec. 6. Effective September 20, 2002.)

14101.
  

The articles of incorporation of every credit union shall set forth the following:

(a) The name of the corporation, which shall include the phrase “credit union.”

(b) (1) The following statement:

The purpose of the corporation is to engage in credit union business and any other lawful activities which are not prohibited to a credit union by applicable laws or regulations.

(2) By December 31, 2003, each credit union that immediately prior to the enactment of this section was authorized to operate as a credit union shall amend its articles to comply with the provisions of paragraph (1). Notwithstanding Section 7813.5 of the Corporations Code, the amendment of the articles of a credit union as required by paragraph (1) may be adopted by approval of the board alone.

(c) The name and street address in this state of the corporation’s initial agent for service of process in accordance with subdivision (b) of Section 8210 of the Corporations Code.

(d) The names and addresses of five or more persons appointed to act as initial directors.

(e) The street address of the corporation.

(f) The mailing address of the corporation, if different from the street address.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 494, Sec. 53. Effective January 1, 2013.)

14101.2.
  

(a) The articles shall be signed by each director named in the articles, acknowledged pursuant to Section 5030 of the Corporations Code and filed in the office of the Secretary of State.

(b) Corporate existence shall begin upon the filing of the articles and shall continue perpetually, unless otherwise expressly provided by law.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 734, Sec. 8. Effective September 20, 2002.)

14101.4.
  

(a) The provisions of Section 14101, except as provided in subdivision (b) of that section, shall not apply to a credit union organized prior to January 1, 1981, but the articles of the credit union shall continue to be governed by the law applicable as of December 31, 1980, until an amendment of its articles pursuant to subdivision (b).

(b) Except as provided in subdivision (b) of Section 14101, a credit union organized prior to January 1, 1981, may amend its articles to conform to Section 14101 except that an initial agent for service of process shall not be set forth and the names and addresses of initial directors shall be deleted. The amendment may be adopted by the board of directors alone.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 734, Sec. 9. Effective September 20, 2002.)

14101.6.
  

(a) Every credit union shall, within 90 days after the filing of its original articles and annually thereafter during the applicable filing period in each year, file, in a form prescribed by the Secretary of State, a statement containing: (1) the name of the credit union and the Secretary of State’s file number; (2) the names and complete business or residence addresses of its chief executive officers, secretary, and chief financial officer; (3) the street address of its principal office, if any; (4) if the credit union chooses to receive renewal notices and any other notifications from the Secretary of State by electronic mail instead of by United States mail, a valid electronic mail address for the credit union or for the credit union’s designee to receive those notices; and (5) the mailing address of the credit union, if different from the street address of its principal office.

(b) The statement required by subdivision (a) shall also designate, as the agent of the credit union for the purpose of service of process, a natural person residing in this state or any domestic or foreign business corporation that has complied with Section 1505 of the Corporations Code and whose capacity to act as an agent has not terminated. If a natural person is designated, the statement shall set forth that person’s complete business or residence street address. If a corporate agent is designated, no address for it shall be set forth.

(c) For the purposes of this section, the applicable filing period for a credit union shall be the calendar month during which its original articles were filed and the immediately preceding five calendar months. The Secretary of State shall provide a notice to each credit union to comply with this section approximately three months prior to the close of the applicable filing period. The notice shall state the due date for compliance and shall be sent to the last address of the credit union according to the records of the Secretary of State if the credit union has elected to receive notices from the Secretary of State by electronic mail. Neither the failure of the Secretary of State to provide the notice nor the failure of the credit union to receive it is an excuse for failure to comply with this section.

(d) Whenever any of the information required by subdivision (a) is changed, the credit union may file a current statement containing all the information required thereby. In order to change its agent for service of process or the address of the agent, the corporation must file a current statement containing all the information required by subdivisions (a) and (b). Whenever any statement is filed pursuant to this section, it supersedes any previously filed statement and the statement in the articles as to the agent for service of process and the address of the agent.

(e) An agent designated for service of process pursuant to subdivision (b) may deliver to the Secretary of State, on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State for filing, a signed and acknowledged written statement of resignation as an agent for service of process containing the name of the credit union and Secretary of State’s file number of the credit union, the name of the agent, and a statement that the agent is resigning. Thereupon the authority of the agent to act in such capacity shall cease and the Secretary of State forthwith shall notify the credit union of the filing of the statement of resignation.

(f) If a natural person who has been designated agent for service of process pursuant to subdivision (b) dies or resigns or no longer resides in the state, or if the corporate agent for such purpose resigns, dissolves, withdraws from the state, forfeits its right to transact intrastate business, has its corporate rights, powers, and privileges suspended or ceases to exist, the credit union shall forthwith file a new statement designating a new agent conforming to the requirements of subdivision (a).

(g) The resignation of an agent may be effective if, on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State containing the name of the credit union and Secretary of State’s file number for the credit union and the name of the agent for service of process, the agent disclaims having been properly appointed as the agent.

(h) The Secretary of State may destroy or otherwise dispose of any statement or resignation filed pursuant to this section after it has been superseded by the filing of a new statement.

(i) This section shall not be construed to place any person dealing with the credit union on notice of or in any duty to inquire about the existence or content of the statement filed pursuant to this section.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 834, Sec. 49. Effective January 1, 2015.)

14101.8.
  

(a) No amendment of the articles of a credit union shall become effective unless the certificate of amendment or other instrument setting forth the amendment is filed with the Secretary of State with the commissioner’s approval endorsed thereon. The amendment shall become effective upon being filed with the Secretary of State. Promptly after the amendment becomes effective, the credit union shall file with the commissioner a copy of the certificate of amendment or other instrument certified by the Secretary of State.

(b) An amendment of the articles set forth in an agreement of merger that requires the approval of the commissioner shall not be subject to the provisions of subdivision (a). An amendment meeting this criteria shall become effective at the time the merger becomes effective, pursuant to this division.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 734, Sec. 10. Effective September 20, 2002.)

14102.
  

(a) Amendments to the articles of incorporation of any credit union may be adopted by resolution of the board of directors, which is also adopted by a vote of a majority of the members of the credit union present, in person or by proxy, as provided in the credit union’s bylaws, at any regular or special meeting of the members for which notice of the proposed amendments has been given; provided, however, that a minimum vote of at least 10 percent of the entire membership entitled to vote on the question votes in favor of the amendment and those voting in favor of the amendment constitute a majority of the members participating in the vote.

(b) The commissioner may approve the amendment according to the resolution adopted by the board of directors if approved by less than 10 percent of the entire membership as provided in this section if the commissioner finds, upon the written and verified application filed by the board of directors, that (1) notice of the meeting called to consider the amendment or the ballot for written vote on the amendment was mailed to each member entitled to vote upon the question, (2) the notice or ballot disclosed the purpose of the meeting or the written vote, (3) the notice or ballot informed the membership that approval of the amendment might be sought pursuant to this section, and (4) a majority of the votes cast upon the question were in favor of the amendment.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) and Section 7812 of the Corporations Code, a credit union may amend its articles of incorporation to change its name with the approval of its board of directors and without the approval of its members.

(Amended by Stats. 1998, Ch. 539, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1999.)

14102.2.
  

(a) No restated articles of a credit union shall become effective unless the certificate setting forth the restated articles, with the commissioner’s approval endorsed thereon, is filed with the Secretary of State. The restated articles shall become effective upon being filed with the Secretary of State.

(b) Promptly after the restated articles become effective, the credit union shall file with the commissioner a copy of the certificate setting forth the restated articles, certified by the Secretary of State.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 734, Sec. 11. Effective September 20, 2002.)

14102.4.
  

(a) No certificate of correction of a credit union shall become effective unless the certificate, with the commissioner’s approval endorsed thereon, is filed with the Secretary of State. The certificate of correction shall become effective upon being filed with the Secretary of State.

(b) Promptly after the certificate of correction becomes effective, the credit union shall file with the commissioner a copy of the certificate of correction, certified by the Secretary of State.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 734, Sec. 12. Effective September 20, 2002.)

14102.6.
  

(a) No certificate of revocation by a credit union shall become effective unless the certificate, with the commissioner’s approval endorsed thereon, is filed with the Secretary of State. The certificate of revocation shall become effective upon being filed with the Secretary of State.

(b) Promptly after the certificate of revocation becomes effective, the credit union shall file with the commissioner a copy of the certificate of revocation, certified by the Secretary of State.

(Added by Stats. 2002, Ch. 734, Sec. 13. Effective September 20, 2002.)

14103.
  

The bylaws shall prescribe the manner in which the business of the credit union shall be conducted with reference to the following matters:

(a) The purpose of the credit union.

(b) The qualification for membership.

(c) Determination of the month, time and place of the annual meeting; the manner of conducting meetings; the method by which members shall be notified of meetings; and the number of members which shall constitute a quorum.

(d) The authorized number of directors, the number of directors necessary to constitute a quorum, and the powers and duties of officers elected by the directors.

(e) The membership, powers, and duties of the supervisory or audit committee, as applicable.

(f) The membership, powers, and duties of the credit committee or if applicable, the general powers, responsibilities and duties of the credit manager.

(g) The manner in which the bylaws may be amended.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 353, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2017.)

FINFinancial Code - FIN1.