Code Section Group

Food and Agricultural Code - FAC

DIVISION 17. FRUIT, NUT, AND VEGETABLE STANDARDS [42501 - 49014]

  ( Division 17 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

CHAPTER 2. General Provisions [42651 - 43100]

  ( Chapter 2 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

ARTICLE 6.5. Standardization Program [42801 - 42815]
  ( Article 6.5 added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. )

42801.
  

Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, the director shall create an industry-funded standardization program for the purposes of implementing and enforcing this division.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42802.
  

The director shall adopt regulations he or she determines are reasonably necessary to carry out this article, including, but not limited to, establishing assessment rates and procedures for payment of assessments. The director shall consult with the committee created pursuant to Section 42809 prior to the adoption, amendment, or repeal of any regulations under this article.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42803.
  

(a) Commencing on January 1, 1997, and until March 31, 1997, producers of commodities subject to this article may file a petition with the secretary requesting that the commodity be exempted from this article.

(b) Upon a finding by the secretary that the petition represents not less than 51 percent of the producers of the commodity who produce not less than 51 percent of the total quantity of the commodity marketed in the preceding marketing season, the secretary shall do all of the following:

(1) Declare the commodity exempt from this article.

(2) Immediately repeal all regulations pertaining to the commodity adopted by the secretary pursuant to this division.

(3) Make a determination concerning a refund of any assessments collected pursuant to this article.

(c) Commodity exemptions granted pursuant to this section shall be effective immediately on the date of the finding specified in subdivision (b).

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 241, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1997. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42804.
  

(a) On and after March 31, 1997, the secretary shall exempt any commodity subject to this article and repeal all regulations pertaining to the commodity adopted by the secretary pursuant to this division if:

(1) A written petition requesting exemption is filed with the secretary during the period commencing July 1 and ending December 31 of any year.

(2) The secretary finds that the petition represents not less than 51 percent of the producers directly affected who have produced not less than 51 percent of the total quantity of the commodity marketed in the preceding marketing season.

(3) The petition, prior to being submitted to the secretary, was circulated among the producers directly affected for a period not exceeding 90 days and was on a form approved by the secretary.

(b) Exemptions granted under this section shall be effective on July 1 following the year in which the petition is filed with the secretary.

(c) Any costs incurred by the department in processing any petition for exemption filed pursuant to this section shall be borne by the producers representing the commodity for which the petition is filed.

(d) This section also applies to producers of any commodity who request the secretary to rescind a previously granted exemption.

(e) All producers directly affected by this section shall provide the following information to the secretary upon filing of the written petition requesting exemption:

(1) The correct name and address of each producer or handler.

(2) The quantity of each commodity produced by the producer during the previous marketing season.

(f) The secretary also may require handlers of commodities subject to this article to report quantities received from each producer in the previous season.

(g) Any determination of compliance with this section may be based upon information provided by producers or handlers of commodities subject to this article. Failure or refusal to provide that information within the specified time does not invalidate the secretary’s findings.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 241, Sec. 2. Effective January 1, 1997. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42805.
  

A commodity producer or handler subject to Article 1 (commencing with Section 44971) of Chapter 9, or any other similar provision in this division that provides for collection of assessments and reimbursement to the director for inspection and certification activities related to the commodity may seek an exemption for that commodity pursuant to Section 42803 or 42804 and remain subject to all regulations pertaining to the commodity in effect at the time the petition for exemption is filed with the director, and thereafter until the regulations are amended or repealed.

Any producers of commodities who elect to request an exemption pursuant to this section shall pay any charges mutually agreed upon by the producer and the department for administrative services relating to the regulation of the commodity, including, but not limited to, the adoption, amendment, or repeal of regulations.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42806.
  

(a) The director shall adopt regulations establishing assessment rates set by the committee established pursuant to Section 42809. The committee shall set the rates on or before March 1. The rates shall become effective the following July 1.

(b) The establishment, alteration, rescission, or elimination of assessment rates or the repeal of regulations of exempt commodities pursuant to this section shall not be subject to the requirements of Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code. An order to repeal the regulations of exempt commodities pursuant to this section shall be transmitted within 30 days by the director to the Office of Administrative Law. The Office of Administrative Law shall file the order promptly with the Secretary of State without further review pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 11349) of Chapter 3.5 of Division 1 of Title 2 of the Government Code. The order shall do all of the following:

(1) Indicate that the regulations are being repealed pursuant to this article.

(2) State that the order is being transmitted for filing.

(3) Request that the Office of Administrative Law publish a notice of the filing of the order and print an appropriate reference in Title 3 of the California Code of Regulations.

(c) All assessments collected pursuant to this article shall be deposited in the Department of Food and Agriculture Fund and shall be used only for implementing and enforcing this division.

(d) Those commodities that are otherwise subject to a mandatory inspection fee shall pay a lower rate of assessment than those commodities that are not otherwise subject to a mandatory inspection fee.

(e) Assessment rates for commodities that are not otherwise subject to a mandatory inspection fee shall not exceed six mills ($0.006) per container.

(f) Assessment rates for commodities that are otherwise subject to a mandatory inspection fee shall not exceed three mills ($0.003) per container.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42807.
  

Notwithstanding Section 42806, on January 1, 1997, and thereafter until altered, rescinded, or eliminated, the assessment rate for those commodities that are not otherwise subject to a mandatory inspection fee shall be three mills ($0.003) per container and the assessment rate for those commodities that are otherwise subject to a mandatory inspection fee shall be one mill ($0.001) per container.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 241, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 1997. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42808.
  

(a) Every person acting as a handler of commodities subject to this division shall do all of the following:

(1) Register with the director and submit reports and assessments required pursuant to this article and the regulations adopted thereunder.

(2) Keep a complete and accurate record of commodities shipped by him or her. The records shall be in simple form and contain information as prescribed by the director.

(3) Maintain records for a period of two years that shall be offered and submitted for inspection and audit at any reasonable time upon written demand of the director.

(b) Every person acting as a handler of commodities subject to this division, shall be personally liable for the payment of assessments. Any handler who fails to file the required reports or pay any assessment or inspection fee by the last day of the month immediately following the month in which the commodities were shipped shall pay to the director a penalty of 10 percent of the assessment or fee determined to be due, and in addition, 11/2 percent interest per month on the unpaid balance.

(c) Handlers shall maintain and file the records required pursuant to this article even if no assessments are due for a reporting period.

(d) Any person that violates this article or the regulations adopted thereunder may be prosecuted criminally pursuant to Article 12 (commencing with Section 42971), and, in addition, shall be subject to the civil penalties and remedies set forth in Article 13 (commencing with Section 43001).

(e) For the purposes of this article, “handler” means any person engaged in marketing commodities subject to this article that the person has purchased or acquired from a producer and who first prepares the commodities for market on behalf of the producer, whether as owner, agent, broker, processor, or otherwise. A producer engaged in marketing commodities subject to this article directly to a person who purchases the commodity solely for retail sale is deemed to be the handler and is subject to this section.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42809.
  

(a) The secretary shall appoint a committee pursuant to subdivision (b) to provide recommendations and advice on all matters pertaining to the implementation and enforcement of this division.

(b) The committee shall be composed of 13 voting members who have a financial interest, either personal or through their employment, in a commodity represented. The secretary shall appoint the members of the committee from a list of nominees provided by the commodity groups subject to this article, as follows:

(1) Four members shall be appointed from the fresh fruit commodity group consisting of oranges, other citrus fruits, strawberries, and table grapes.

(2) Two members shall be appointed to represent other fresh fruit commodities.

(3) Four members shall be appointed from the fresh vegetable commodity group consisting of broccoli, tomatoes, and lettuce.

(4) Two members shall be appointed to represent other vegetable commodity groups.

(5) One member shall be appointed from other commodity groups subject to this article.

(6) A county agricultural commissioner may be appointed by the secretary as a nonvoting member.

(c) The committee shall meet at the request of the secretary, the committee chairperson, or upon the request of four committee members.

(d) Any committee member who represents a commodity that has been exempted from the application of this article shall be replaced with a member chosen to maintain the balance between the commodity groups.

(e) The committee shall appoint its own officers, including a chairperson, one or more vice chairpersons, and any other officers it deems necessary.

(f) Committee members may participate in meetings of the committee by means of telephone conference calls.

(Amended by Stats. 1996, Ch. 241, Sec. 4. Effective January 1, 1997. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42810.
  

(a) Except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c), the term of office of any member of the committee shall be two years.

(b) With respect to the initial voting members of the committee, six members shall serve for one year and six members shall serve for two years, with the determinations of the term of each voting member to be made by lot. No member of the committee shall serve more than four full consecutive two-year terms. The term of the initial nonvoting member shall be two years.

(c) Any vacancy which occurs during an unexpired term shall be filled for the unexpired term following the same procedures for initially nominating and appointing committee members.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42811.
  

The members of the committee shall serve without compensation, but shall be reimbursed for reasonable expenses incurred in the performance of their duties as determined by the committee and approved by the director.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42812.
  

The director shall adopt regulations establishing assessment rates set by the committee as required by Section 42806. In addition, the director shall seek the advice of the committee on all matters pertaining to the implementation and enforcement of this division, including, but not limited to, the annual budget, fees necessary to provide adequate inspection services, inspection procedures, work load standards, performance measures, training and supervision of inspectors, enforcement actions, and subvention of funds to counties necessary to provide uniformity in inspections throughout the state.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42813.
  

Except as otherwise provided in Section 42807 with respect to assessments, in adopting, amending, or repealing regulations pursuant to this article, the director shall accept the recommendations of the committee if the director determines that the recommendations are practicable and in the interests of the industry and the public. The director shall, within 30 days, provide the committee with a written statement of reasons if the director does not accept a recommendation of the committee.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 76, Sec. 1. Effective June 3, 1992. Repealed as of January 1, 2025, pursuant to Section 42815.)

42815.
  

This article shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2025, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, which becomes effective on or before January 1, 2025, deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes inoperative and is repealed.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 261, Sec. 3. (AB 419) Effective January 1, 2020. Repealed as of January 1, 2025,by its own provisions. Note: Repeal affects Article 6.5, commencing with Section 42801.)

FACFood and Agricultural Code - FAC6.5