Code Section Group

Food and Agricultural Code - FAC

DIVISION 13. BEE MANAGEMENT AND HONEY PRODUCTION [29000 - 29812]

  ( Division 13 enacted by Stats. 1967, Ch. 15. )

CHAPTER 1. Bees [29000 - 29321]

  ( Chapter 1 repealed and added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2. )

ARTICLE 14. Apiary Inspection [29200 - 29213]
  ( Article 14 added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2. )

29200.
  

The Legislature finds that in order to ensure the vitality of the apiary industry, to protect the welfare of the people of the State of California, as well as agricultural crops dependent upon bees for pollination, a pest inspection program should be an integral part of the regulatory scheme contained in this division. The Legislature further finds that without a continuing regular inspection program, as further specified in this article, the programs and requirements of law set forth in this division will be impaired.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29201.
  

(a) The director, or the commissioner, or any inspector acting under their direction, may enter if he or she determines it to be necessary, any location where an apiary is maintained, and make an inspection of the apiary, including ancillary buildings. The inspector may give prior notice of the inspection where the notice would not interfere with the purpose of the inspection. The right of inspection shall occur at reasonable times, and shall not include any dwelling. If the inspector desires entry to any dwelling because he or she suspects maintenance problems regarding a colony, hive, comb, or appliance therein, the inspector, upon request, shall obtain a warrant pursuant to the provisions of Section 1822.50 of the Civil Code and comply with the provisions therein. No person shall interfere with the entry of an inspector in the official course of his or her duty. The inspector shall report the result of the inspection to the beekeeper, where feasible, within five days of the inspection.

(b) If the inspector finds American foulbrood disease has infected more than two hives of 99 colonies or less, or 2 percent or more of colonies of 100 or more, he or she shall make a complete inspection of all the hives in the apiary and the owner of the hives in the apiary shall pay the cost of the complete inspection. If the inspector finds American foulbrood disease has infested less than 2 percent of colonies of 100 or more as the result of an inspection made after the disease was brought to the inspector’s attention in writing, the commissioner may assess the costs of the inspection on the person who brought the disease to the inspector’s attention.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29202.
  

If, in the course of an inspection authorized by Section 29201, the inspector finds or has reason to suspect that there are pests in the apiary, the inspector shall plainly mark the hives or any part thereof which contain evidence of pest infestation. The inspector may place a band with a seal around a diseased hive.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29203.
  

If infestation is found in an apiary, the inspector shall notify the owner or person in charge or possession of the apiary in writing. The notice shall state the nature of the pest infestation found and the manner in which the inspector has marked the hives or any part thereof which contain evidence of the infestation and shall order the abatement of the infestation within a specified time. No person after receiving notice shall refuse or neglect to abate the infestation within the time specified in the notice or order.

If the inspector, in his or her judgment, believes summary abatement is necessary, the inspector may do so, or require that abatement be performed under his or her direct supervision. The inspector may also issue a hold order against the apiary, giving notice that the apiary is held to the owner or bailee and posting a copy of the hold order in a conspicuous place in the apiary. No person, who has been given notice of a hold order, shall move the apiary or any part of the apiary or any other bee equipment from the location unless authorized by the inspector, until the hold order is released.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29204.
  

Every infested apiary is a public nuisance. The owner or person in charge or possession of any apiary, upon finding an infestation to be present, or upon receiving notice an infestation exists in the apiary, shall abate the infestation without undue delay, pursuant to the requirements of law.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29205.
  

The notice may be served upon the person that has possession or that owns the infested apiary, personally or by certified mail to his or her last known address. If the owner or person in charge or possession of any apiary is not known, the notice shall be served by posting it in a conspicuous place in the apiary.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29206.
  

If the infestation found in an apiary is American foulbrood, the time specified in the notice shall not be less than 24 hours nor more than 48 hours from the time the notice is served, except that the inspector may extend the time limit if necessary to prevent hardship and it can be done without undue danger of spreading the disease.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29207.
  

If American foulbrood is found in an apiary, the abatement shall be by killing the bees in the infested colonies and disposing of the hives and their contents, together with any other infested comb, hives, and associated appliances which are found in the apiary, in one of the following ways:

(a) By delivery to a licensed wax salvage plant pursuant to this chapter.

(b) By burning in a manner as set forth in Section 29208, the contents of the diseased colonies, including the bees, comb, and associated frames, together with any other diseased combs, and associated frames, which are found in the apiary in one of the following ways and disinfecting by scorching the hive bodies, covers, bottom boards, supers, and appliances associated with them:

(1) Burning in a pit and burying the ashes not less than two feet below the surface of the ground.

(2) Burning in an incinerator approved by the director. This section does not prevent federal and state research agencies from securing, transporting, and maintaining infested bees, comb, hives, appliances, or colonies pursuant to Section 29074.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29208.
  

(a) If abatement is by burning, the person abating shall act in accordance with applicable air pollution control district or air quality maintenance district regulations and state and local fire control laws. If the regulations or laws prohibit burning immediately, the diseased colonies shall be sealed and placed in an enclosed structure and thereafter burned on the first date allowed by the regulation or law. All the activities shall be reported to the inspector prior to burning, who may require that burning occur only under his or her supervision.

(b) The inspector’s supervison shall be in addition to, but not in conflict with, the applicable air pollution control district or air quality management district regulations and fire control laws. Burning without the knowledge of the inspector is a violation of this section.

(c) If abatement is by delivery to a licensed wax salvage plant, the person abating shall provide the inspector with information as to the date and location of delivery.

(d) If the inspector determines that abatement by burning is appropriate, the inspector’s costs for supervising the burning shall be borne by the beekeeper with the diseased hives.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29209.
  

If the owner or person in charge or possession of an apiary in which an infestation is found to exist cannot be located after diligent search by the inspector, or if notice has been served pursuant to this article and the owner or person in charge or possession of the apiary refuses or neglects to abate the infestation within the time which is specified in the notice, the inspector shall abate the infestation within 72 hours after expiration of the time which is specified in the notice. The cost of abatement shall be paid by the owner of the apiary.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29210.
  

If an abatement notice as required by this article has been served upon the owner or bailee of an apiary, the owner or bailee, before the expiration of the time specified in the notice, may appeal from the inspector’s field determination of the infestation named in the notice by sending a written appeal to the director with a specimen of the infested material chosen and sealed for transportation jointly by the owner or bailee and the inspector, which is accompanied by a statement signed by the owner or bailee and the inspector, attesting to the fact that such specimen was obtained from the portion of the apiary described in the abatement notice.

(Added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29211.
  

In those instances when the inspector has sealed the infested hive after making a field determination, if a beekeeper appeals the inspector’s field determination, the owner or bailee of the apiary and the inspector shall jointly break the seal and take the sample for appeal. If the band is broken in the absence of the inspector, no appeal shall be valid and the infestation shall be abated as described in the abatement notice.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29212.
  

The specimen shall be subjected to a laboratory diagnosis by the director, or at his or her direction. The written determination which sets forth the findings of the diagnosis is final proof of the nature of the infestation which exists in the apiary.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

29213.
  

The disease which is named by the director in a written response to the appeal may be abated pursuant to this chapter. Pending the determination of the director, the time which is specified in the abatement notice shall be extended by the number of hours between the forwarding of the representative specimen and the receipt of the written determination from the director by the inspector, and the service of a copy of the written determination upon the owner or bailee that made the written appeal. If the owner or bailee cannot be found after due diligence, the extended time shall expire when a copy of the director’s determination is served by posting it in the apiary.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1987, Ch. 1404, Sec. 2.)

FACFood and Agricultural Code - FAC14