Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 2. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION [33000 - 64100]

  ( Title 2 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 4. INSTRUCTION AND SERVICES [46000 - 64100]

  ( Division 4 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 26.8. CHARTER SCHOOLS [47600 - 47664]

  ( Part 26.8 added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 781, Sec. 1. )

CHAPTER 6. Funding [47630 - 47664]

  ( Chapter 6 added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 78, Sec. 32.8. )

ARTICLE 2. Charter School Block Grant [47633 - 47635]
  ( Article 2 added by Stats. 1999, Ch. 78, Sec. 32.8. )

47633.
  

The Superintendent shall annually compute a general-purpose entitlement, funded from a combination of state aid and local funds, for each charter school as follows:

(a) The Superintendent shall annually compute the statewide average amount of general-purpose funding per unit of average daily attendance received by school districts for each of four grade level ranges: kindergarten and grades 1, 2, and 3; grades 4, 5, and 6; grades 7 and 8; and, grades 9 to 12, inclusive. For purposes of making these computations, both of the following conditions shall apply:

(1) Revenue limit funding attributable to pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 5, inclusive, shall equal the statewide average revenue limit funding per unit of average daily attendance received by elementary school districts; revenue limit funding attributable to pupils in grades 6, 7, and 8, shall equal the statewide average revenue limit funding per unit of average daily attendance received by unified school districts; and revenue limit funding attributable to pupils in grades 9 to 12, inclusive, shall equal the statewide average revenue limit funding per unit of average daily attendance received by high school districts.

(2) Revenue limit funding received by school districts shall exclude the value of any benefit attributable to the presence of necessary small schools or necessary small high schools within the school district.

(b) The Superintendent shall multiply each of the four amounts computed in subdivision (a) by the charter school’s average daily attendance in the corresponding grade level ranges. The resulting figure shall be the amount of the charter school’s general-purpose entitlement, which shall be funded through a combination of state aid and local funds. From funds appropriated for this purpose pursuant to Section 14002, the superintendent shall apportion to each charter school this amount, less local funds allocated to the charter school pursuant to Section 47635 and any amount received pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3) of subdivision (e) of Section 36 of Article XIII of the California Constitution.

(c) General-purpose entitlement funding may be used for any public school purpose determined by the governing body of the charter school.

(d) Commencing with the 2013–14 fiscal year, this section shall be used only for purposes of allocating revenues received pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3) of subdivision (e) of Section 36 of Article XIII of the California Constitution.

(e) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021, and, as of January 1, 2022, is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before January 1, 2022, deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes inoperative and is repealed.

(Amended by Stats. 2013, Ch. 357, Sec. 36. Effective September 26, 2013. Inoperative July 1, 2021. Repealed as of January 1, 2022, by its own provisions.)

47634.1.
  

(a) Notwithstanding subdivision (a) of Section 47634, a categorical block grant for charter schools for the 2005–06 fiscal year shall be calculated as follows:

(1) The Superintendent shall divide the total amount of funding appropriated for the purpose of this block grant in the annual Budget Act or another statute, less the total amount calculated in paragraph (2), by the statewide total of charter school average daily attendance, as determined at the second principal apportionment for the 2005–06 fiscal year.

(2) The statewide average amount, as computed by the Superintendent, of funding per identified educationally disadvantaged pupil received by school districts in the current fiscal year pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 54020) of Chapter 1 of Part 29. This amount shall be multiplied by the number of educationally disadvantaged pupils enrolled in the charter school. The resulting amount, if greater than zero, shall not be less than the minimum amount of Economic Impact Aid funding to which a school district of similar size would be entitled pursuant to Section 54022. For purposes of this subdivision, a pupil who is eligible for subsidized meals pursuant to Section 49552 and is identified as an English learner pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 306 shall count as two pupils.

(3) For each charter school, the Superintendent shall multiply the amount calculated in paragraph (1) by the school’s average daily attendance as determined at the second principal apportionment for the 2005–06 fiscal year.

(4) The Superintendent shall add the amounts computed in paragraphs (2) and (3). The resulting amount shall be the charter school categorical block grant that the Superintendent shall apportion to each charter school from funds appropriated for this purpose in the annual Budget Act or another statute. The Superintendent shall allocate an advance payment of this grant as early as possible, but no later than October 31, 2005, based on prior year average daily attendance as determined at the second principal apportionment or, for a charter school in its first year of operation that commences instruction on or before September 30, 2005, on estimates of average daily attendance for the current fiscal year determined pursuant to Section 47652.

(b) (1) For the 2006–07 fiscal year, the categorical block grant allocated by the Superintendent for charter schools shall be four hundred dollars ($400) per unit of charter school average daily attendance as determined at the second principal apportionment for the 2006–07 fiscal year. This amount shall be supplemented by the amount calculated in paragraph (2).

(2) The statewide average amount, as computed by the Superintendent, of funding per economic impact aid-eligible pupil count received by school districts in the current fiscal year, pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 54020) of Chapter 1 of Part 29, shall be multiplied by the number of economic impact aid-eligible pupils enrolled in the charter school. The resulting amount, if greater than zero, shall not be less than the minimum amount of Economic Impact Aid funding to which a school district of similar size would be entitled pursuant to Section 54022.

(c) (1) For the 2007–08 fiscal year, the categorical block grant allocated by the Superintendent for charter schools shall be five hundred dollars ($500) per unit of charter school average daily attendance as determined at the second principal apportionment for the 2007–08 fiscal year. For each fiscal year thereafter, this per unit amount shall be adjusted for the cost-of-living adjustment, as determined pursuant to Section 42238.1, for that fiscal year. This amount shall be supplemented in the 2007–08 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter by the amount calculated in paragraph (2).

(2) The statewide average amount, as computed by the Superintendent, of funding per economic impact aid-eligible pupil count received by school districts in the current year, pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 54020) of Chapter 1 of Part 29, shall be multiplied by the number of economic impact aid-eligible pupils enrolled in the charter school. The resulting amount, if greater than zero, shall not be less than the minimum amount of Economic Impact Aid funding to which a school district of similar size would be entitled pursuant to Section 54022.

(d) It is the intent of the Legislature to fully fund the categorical block grant for charter schools as specified in this section and to appropriate additional funding that may be needed in order to compensate for unanticipated increases in average daily attendance and counts of economic impact aid-eligible pupils, pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 54020) of Chapter 1 of Part 29, in charter schools. In any fiscal year in which the department identifies a deficiency in the categorical block grant, the department shall identify the available balance for programs that count towards meeting the requirements of Section 8 of Article XVI of the California Constitution and have unobligated funds for the year. On or before July 1, the department shall provide the Department of Finance with a list of those programs and their available balances, and the amount of the deficiency, if any, in the categorical block grant. Within 45 days of the receipt of a notification of deficiency, the Director of Finance shall verify the amount of the deficiency in the categorical block grant and direct the Controller to transfer an amount, equal to the lesser of the amount available or the amount needed to fully fund the categorical block grant, from those programs to the categorical block grant. The Department of Finance shall notify the Joint Legislative Budget Committee within 30 days of any transfer made pursuant to this section.

(e) Commencing October 1, 2007, the Legislative Analyst’s Office shall triennially convene a work group to review, commencing with appropriations proposed for the 2008–09 fiscal year, the appropriateness of the funding level provided by the categorical block grant established in this section.

(f) Categorical block grant funding may be used for any purpose determined by the governing body of the charter school.

(g) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2013.

(Repealed (in Sec. 23) and added by Stats. 2009, 4th Ex. Sess., Ch. 2, Sec. 24. Effective July 28, 2009. Section operative July 1, 2013, by its own provisions.)

47634.2.
  

(a) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the amount of funding to be allocated to a charter school on the basis of average daily attendance that is generated by pupils engaged in nonclassroom-based instruction, as defined by paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) of Section 47612.5, including funding provided on the basis of average daily attendance pursuant to Sections 47613.1, 47633, 47634, and 47664, shall be adjusted by the State Board of Education. The State Board of Education shall adopt regulations setting forth criteria for the determination of funding for nonclassroom-based instruction, at a minimum the regulation shall specify that the nonclassroom-based instruction is conducted for the instructional benefit of the pupil and substantially dedicated to that function. In developing these criteria and determining the amount of funding to be allocated to a charter school pursuant to this section, the State Board of Education shall consider, among other factors it deems appropriate, the amount of the charter school’s total budget expended on certificated employee salaries and benefits and on schoolsites, as defined in paragraph (3) of subdivision (d) of Section 47612.5, and the teacher-to-pupil ratio in the school.

(2) For the 2001–02 fiscal year only, the amount of funding determined by the State Board of Education pursuant to this section shall not be less than 90 percent of the unadjusted amount to which a charter school would otherwise be entitled on the basis of average daily attendance.

(3) For the 2002-03 fiscal year, the amount of funding determined by the State Board of Education pursuant to this section shall not be more than 80 percent of the unadjusted amount to which a charter school would otherwise be entitled, unless the State Board of Education determines that a greater or lesser amount is appropriate based on the criteria specified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a).

(4) For the 2003–04 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, the amount of funding determined by the State Board of Education pursuant to this section shall not be more than 70 percent of the unadjusted amount to which a charter school would otherwise be entitled, unless the State Board of Education determines that a greater or lesser amount is appropriate based on the criteria specified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a).

(5) This section does not authorize the board to adjust the amount of funding a charter school receives on the basis of average daily attendance generated through classroom-based instruction, as defined for purposes of calculating average daily attendance for classroom-based instruction apportionments by paragraph (1) of subdivision (d) of Section 47612.5.

(b) (1) The State Board of Education shall appoint an advisory committee to recommend criteria to the board in accordance with this section if it has not done so by the effective date of the act adding this section. The advisory committee shall include, but is not limited to, representatives from school district superintendents, charter schools, teachers, parents, members of the governing boards of school districts, county superintendents of schools, and the Superintendent of Public Instruction.

(2) If a charter school submits a substantially complete request for a determination for funding by February 13, 2002, and the State Board of Education does not act on that request by March 19, 2002, full funding is automatically granted for the 2001–02 fiscal year, but the charter school shall reapply for a determination for funding for the 2002–03 fiscal year.

(3) The determination for funding shall be on a percentage basis and the superintendent shall implement the determination for funding by reducing the charter school’s reported average daily attendance by the determination for funding percentage specified by the State Board of Education.

(4) If the State Board of Education denies request for a determination for funding or provides a reduction as authorized by subdivision (a), the board shall, in writing, give the reasons for its denial or reduction and, if appropriate, may describe how any deficiencies or problems may be addressed.

(c) Each charter school offering nonclassroom-based instruction shall, in each report provided to the Superintendent of Public Instruction for apportionment purposes, identify the portion of its average daily attendance that is generated through nonclassroom-based instruction as defined in paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) of Section 47612.5.

(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, charter schools shall be subject, with regard to subdivisions (c) and (d) of Section 47612.5 and this section, to audits conducted pursuant to Section 41020.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 664, Sec. 62. Effective January 1, 2003.)

47634.4.
  

(a) A charter school that elects to receive its funding directly, pursuant to Section 47651, may apply individually for federal and state categorical programs, not excluded in this section, but only to the extent it is eligible for funding and meets the provisions of the program. For purposes of determining eligibility for, and allocation of, state or federal categorical aid, a charter school that applies individually shall be deemed to be a school district, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.

(b) A charter school that does not elect to receive its funding directly, pursuant to Section 47651, may, in cooperation with its chartering authority, apply for federal and state categorical programs not specified in this section, but only to the extent it is eligible for funding and meets the provisions of the program.

(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the 2006–07 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, a charter school may not apply directly for categorical programs for which services are exclusively or almost exclusively provided by a county office of education.

(d) Consistent with subdivision (c), a charter school may not receive direct funding for any of the following county-administered categorical programs:

(1) American Indian Education Centers.

(2) The California Association of Student Councils.

(3) California Technology Assistance Project established pursuant to Article 15 (commencing with Section 51870) of Chapter 5 of Part 28.

(4) The Center for Civic Education.

(5) County Office Fiscal Crisis and Management Assistance Team.

(6) The K–12 High Speed Network.

(e) A charter school may apply separately for district-level or school-level grants associated with any of the categorical programs specified in subdivision (d).

(f) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the 2006–07 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, in addition to the programs listed in subdivision (d), a charter school may not apply for any of the following categorical programs:

(1) Agricultural Career Technical Education Incentive Program, as set forth in Article 7.5 (commencing with Section 52460) of Chapter 9 of Part 28.

(2) Bilingual Teacher Training Assistance Program, as set forth in Article 4 (commencing with Section 52180) of Chapter 7 of Part 28.

(3) California Peer Assistance and Review Program for Teachers, as set forth in Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 44500) of Chapter 3 of Part 25.

(4) College preparation programs, as set forth in Chapter 12 (commencing with Section 11020) of Part 7, Chapter 8.3 (commencing with Section 52240) of Part 28, and Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 60830) of Part 33.

(5) Foster youth programs pursuant to Chapter 11.3 (commencing with Section 42920) of Part 24.

(6) Gifted and talented pupil programs pursuant to Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 52200) of Part 28.

(7) Home-to-school transportation programs, as set forth in Article 2 (commencing with Section 39820) of Chapter 1 of Part 23.5 and Article 10 (commencing with Section 41850) of Chapter 5 of Part 24.

(8) International Baccalaureate Diploma Program, as set forth in Chapter 12.5 (commencing with Section 52920) of Part 28.

(9) Mathematics and Reading Professional Development Program, as set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 99230) of Chapter 5 of Part 65.

(10) Principal Training Program, as set forth in Article 4.6 (commencing with Section 44510) of Chapter 3 of Part 25.

(11) Professional Development Block Grant, as set forth in Article 5 (commencing with Section 41530) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24.

(12) Program to Reduce Class Size in Two Courses in Grade 9 (formerly The Morgan-Hart Class Size Reduction Act of 1989), as set forth in Chapter 6.8 (commencing with Section 52080) of Part 28.

(13) Pupil Retention Block Grant, as set forth in Article 2 (commencing with Section 41505) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24.

(14) Reader services for blind teachers, as set forth in Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 45370) of Chapter 5 of Part 25.

(15) School and Library Improvement Block Grant, as set forth in Article 7 (commencing with Section 41570) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24.

(16) School Safety Consolidated Competitive Grant, as set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 41510) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24.

(17) School safety programs, as set forth in Article 3.6 (commencing with Section 32228) and Article 3.8 (commencing with Section 32239.5) of Chapter 2 of Part 19.

(18) Specialized secondary schools pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 58800) of Part 31.

(19) State Instructional Materials Fund, as set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 60240) of Chapter 2 of Part 33.

(20) Targeted Instructional Improvement Block Grant, as set forth in Article 6 (commencing with Section 41540) of Chapter 3.2 of Part 24.

(21) Teacher dismissal apportionment, as set forth in Section 44944.

(22) The deferred maintenance program, as set forth in Article 1 (commencing with Section 17565) of Chapter 5 of Part 10.5.

(23) The General Fund contribution to the State Instructional Materials Fund pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 60240) of Chapter 2 of Part 33.

(24) Year-Round School Grant Program, as set forth in Article 3 (commencing with Section 42260) of Chapter 7 of Part 24.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 724, Sec. 20. Effective October 19, 2010.)

47635.
  

(a) A sponsoring local educational agency shall annually transfer to each of its charter schools funding in lieu of property taxes equal to the lesser of the following two amounts:

(1) The average amount of property taxes per unit of average daily attendance, including average daily attendance attributable to charter schools, received by the local educational agency, multiplied by the charter school’s average daily attendance.

(2) The local control funding formula grant funding computed pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 42238.02, per unit of average daily attendance, multiplied by the charter school’s average daily attendance in each of the four corresponding grade level ranges: kindergarten and grades 1, 2, and 3; grades 4, 5, and 6; grades 7 and 8; and grades 9 to 12, inclusive.

(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), until the Superintendent determines that a charter school is funded pursuant to Section 42238.02 in the prior fiscal year, the Superintendent shall apportion funding per unit of average daily attendance pursuant to this article. The base grant for purposes of paragraph (2) shall be the sum of the entitlements for the charter school in the specified fiscal year as computed pursuant to paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a) of Section 42238.03 and paragraph (3) of subdivision (b) of Section 42238.03, multiplied by the ratio of local control funding formula base grant funding computed pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 42238.02 to the local control funding formula amount for the fiscal year computed pursuant to Section 42238.02.

(4) If the sum of the funding transferred pursuant to this subdivision and the funding calculated pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.03 exceeds the sum of the amounts calculated pursuant to subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 42238.03, the excess funding shall be used to offset funding calculated pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.03.

(b) The sponsoring local educational agency shall transfer funding in lieu of property taxes to the charter school in monthly installments, by no later than the 15th of each month.

(1) For the months of August to February, inclusive, a charter school’s funding in lieu of property taxes shall be computed based on the amount of property taxes received by the sponsoring local educational agency during the preceding fiscal year, as reported to the Superintendent for purposes of the second principal apportionment. A sponsoring local educational agency shall transfer to the charter school the charter school’s estimated annual entitlement to funding in lieu of property taxes as follows:

(A) Six percent in August.

(B) Twelve percent in September.

(C) Eight percent each month in October, November, December, January, and February.

(2) For the months of March to June, inclusive, a charter school’s funding in lieu of property taxes shall be computed based on the amount of property taxes estimated to be received by the sponsoring local educational agency during the fiscal year, as reported to the Superintendent for purposes of the first principal apportionment. A sponsoring local educational agency shall transfer to each of its charter schools an amount equal to one-sixth of the difference between the school’s estimated annual entitlement to funding in lieu of property taxes and the amounts provided pursuant to paragraph (1). An additional one-sixth of this difference shall be included in the amount transferred in the month of March.

(3) For the month of July, a charter school’s funding in lieu of property taxes shall be computed based on the amount of property taxes estimated to be received by the sponsoring local educational agency during the prior fiscal year, as reported to the Superintendent for purposes of the second principal apportionment. A sponsoring local educational agency shall transfer to each of its charter schools an amount equal to the remaining difference between the school’s estimated annual entitlement to funding in lieu of property taxes and the amounts provided pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2).

(4) Final adjustments to the amount of funding in lieu of property taxes allocated to a charter school shall be made in February, in conjunction with the final reconciliation of annual apportionments to schools.

(5) Subdivision (a) and paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, do not apply for pupils who reside in, and are otherwise eligible to attend a school in, a basic aid school district, but who attend a charter school in a nonbasic aid school district. With regard to these pupils, the sponsoring basic aid school district shall transfer to the charter school an amount of funds equivalent to the local control funding formula grant pursuant to Section 42238.02, as implemented by Section 42238.03, earned through average daily attendance by the charter school for each pupil’s attendance, not to exceed the average property tax share per unit of average daily attendance for pupils residing and attending in the basic aid school district. The transfer of funds shall be made in not fewer than two installments at the request of the charter school, the first occurring not later than February 1 and the second not later than June 1 of each school year. Payments shall reflect the average daily attendance certified for the time periods of the first and second principal apportionments, respectively. The Superintendent may not apportion any funds for the attendance of pupils described in this subdivision unless the amount transferred by the basic aid district is less than the local control funding formula grant pursuant to Section 42238.02, as implemented by Section 42238.03, earned by the charter school, in which event the Superintendent shall apportion the difference to the charter school from state funds.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivisions (a) and (b), for a pupil attending a county charter program school authorized pursuant to Section 47605.6 for whom the county office of education is not educationally responsible, the county charter program school may seek in-lieu property tax reimbursement from the pupil’s school district of residence in an amount agreed upon by the county charter program school and the school district of residence.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 33, Sec. 43. Effective June 20, 2014.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC