Code Section Group

Education Code - EDC

TITLE 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Title 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

DIVISION 1 GENERAL EDUCATION CODE PROVISIONS [1. - 32500]

  ( Division 1 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

PART 2. COUNTY EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES [1000 - 2603]

  ( Part 2 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

CHAPTER 5. County School Service Fund [1600 - 1630]

  ( Chapter 5 enacted by Stats. 1976, Ch. 1010. )

ARTICLE 2. County Office of Education Budget Approval [1620 - 1630]
  ( Article 2 repealed and added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 1213, Sec. 3. )

1620.
  

On or before July 1 of each fiscal year, the county board of education shall hold a public hearing on the proposed county school service fund budget for that fiscal year (the “budget year”). The public hearing shall be held prior to the adoption of the budget by the county board of education, and shall occur not less than three days following the availability of the proposed budget for public inspection. The agenda for that hearing shall be posted at least 72 hours prior to the hearing and shall include the location of where the budget will be available for inspection. At the hearing, any taxpayer directly affected by the county school service fund budget may appear before the county board of education and speak on the proposed budget or any item therein.

(Amended by Stats. 1992, Ch. 323, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 1993.)

1621.
  

(a) The single-fund budget shall be prepared in the form prescribed and furnished by the Superintendent of Public Instruction and shall be the county school service fund budget. The budget shall show a complete plan and itemized statement of all proposed expenditures in each fund of the county office of education, of estimated cash balances, and of all estimated revenues for the budget year, and shall include an estimate of those figures, unaudited, for the fiscal year immediately preceding the budget year.

(b) The budget may contain an amount to be known as the general reserve, in such sum as the county board of education may deem sufficient to meet the cash requirements of the fiscal year next succeeding the budget year until adequate proceeds of the taxes levied or of the apportionment of state funds are available.

(c) The budget may contain a fund balance designated for any specific purpose as determined by the county board of education. Those funds shall be available for appropriation by a majority vote of the members of the county board of education.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 1213, Sec. 3.)

1622.
  

(a) On or before July 1 of each fiscal year, the county board of education shall adopt an annual budget for the budget year and shall file the budget with the Superintendent, the county board of supervisors, and the county auditor. The budget, and supporting data, shall be maintained and made available for public review. The budget shall indicate the date, time, and location at which the county board of education held the public hearing required under Section 1620. For the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, the county board of education shall not adopt a budget before the county board of education adopts a local control and accountability plan or approves an update to an existing local control and accountability plan if an existing local control and accountability plan or update to a local control and accountability plan is not effective during the budget year. The county board of education shall not adopt a budget that does not include the expenditures identified in the local control and accountability plan and any annual update to the local control and accountability plan that will be effective for the budget year. Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, for the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, the budget shall not be adopted or approved by the Superintendent before a local control and accountability plan or update to an existing local control and accountability plan for the budget year is approved.

(b) (1) The Superintendent shall examine the budget to determine if it (A) complies with the standards and criteria adopted by the state board pursuant to Section 33127 for application to final local educational agency budgets, (B) allows the county office of education to meet its financial obligations during the fiscal year, and (C) is consistent with a financial plan that will enable the county office of education to satisfy its multiyear financial commitments. In addition, the Superintendent shall identify any technical corrections to the budget that must be made. On or before September 15, the Superintendent shall approve or disapprove the budget and, in the event of a disapproval, transmit to the county office of education in writing his or her recommendations regarding revision of the budget and the reasons for those recommendations.

(2) For the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, the Superintendent shall disapprove a budget if any of the following occur:

(A) The Superintendent has not approved a local control and accountability plan or an annual update to the local control and accountability plan filed by a county board of education pursuant to Section 52070.5 that is effective for the budget year.

(B) The Superintendent determines that the budget does not include the expenditures necessary to implement the local control and accountability plan or an annual update to the local control and accountability plan that is effective for that budget year.

(c) In the event of the disapproval of the budget of a county office of education pursuant to subdivision (b), on or before October 8, the county superintendent of schools and the county board of education shall review the recommendations of the Superintendent at a regularly scheduled meeting of the county board of education and respond to those recommendations. That response shall include any revisions to the adopted budget and other proposed actions to be taken, if any, as a result of those recommendations.

(d) (1) The Superintendent shall examine the revised budget as provided in subdivision (c) to determine if it complies with the standards and criteria adopted by the state board pursuant to Section 33127 for application to final local educational agency budgets and, on or before November 8, shall approve or disapprove the revised budget. For the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, the Superintendent shall disapprove a revised budget if the Superintendent determines that the revised budget does not include the expenditures necessary to implement the local control and accountability plan or an annual update to the local control and accountability plan approved by the Superintendent pursuant to Section 52070.5 that is effective for the budget year. If the Superintendent disapproves the budget, he or she shall call for the formation of a budget review committee pursuant to Section 1623.

(2) Notwithstanding any other law, for the 2014–15 fiscal year and each fiscal year thereafter, if the Superintendent disapproves the budget for the sole reason that the Superintendent has not approved a local control and accountability plan or an annual update to the local control and accountability plan filed by the county board of education pursuant to Section 52070.5, the Superintendent shall not call for the formation of a budget review committee pursuant to Section 1623.

(e) Not later than 45 days after the Governor signs the annual Budget Act, the county office of education shall make available for public review any revisions in revenues and expenditures that it has made to its budget to reflect the funding made available by that Budget Act.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 19, Sec. 4. Effective June 24, 2015.)

1623.
  

(a) The budget review committee shall be composed of three persons and shall be selected by the county superintendent of schools and the county board of education solely from a list of no fewer than five candidates provided by the Superintendent. The candidates shall be persons who have expertise in the management of a school district or county office of education, including, but not be limited to, the fiscal and educational aspects of that management.

(b) No later than five working days after the receipt of the candidate list described in subdivision (a), the county superintendent of schools and the county board of education shall select the budget review committee. If the county superintendent of schools and the county board of education fail to select a committee within the period of time permitted by this subdivision, the Superintendent instead shall select and convene the budget review committee no later than 10 working days after the receipt by the county superintendent of schools and the county board of education of the candidate list.

(c) On or before November 30, the budget review committee shall review the proposed budget of the county office of education and the underlying fiscal policies of that county office of education, and shall transmit to the Superintendent, the county superintendent of schools, and the county board of education either of the following:

(1) The recommendation that the budget be approved.

(2) A report disapproving the budget and setting forth recommendations for revisions to the budget that would enable the county office of education to meet its financial obligations both in the budget year and with regard to multiyear financial commitments.

(d) Upon the request of the budget review committee, the Superintendent may extend the deadline set forth in subdivision (c) for a period of not more than 15 working days.

(e) The Superintendent shall develop criteria and procedures governing the performance by budget review committees of their duties under this section.

(f) The members of the budget review committee shall be reimbursed for their services and associated expenses while on official business, at rates established by the state board.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 19, Sec. 5. Effective June 24, 2015.)

1624.
  

(a) If the budget review committee established pursuant to Section 1623 disapproves the budget of the county office of education, within five working days following the receipt of the committee’s report, the county superintendent of schools and the county board of education may submit a response to the Superintendent, including any revisions to the adopted budget and any other proposed action to be taken as a result of the recommendations of the budget review committee.

(b) Based upon the recommendations of the budget review committee provided pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 1623, and any response provided pursuant to subdivision (a), the Superintendent shall either approve or disapprove the budget of the county office of education. If the Superintendent disapproves the budget, the superintendent or his or her designee may do any of the following for the remainder of the current fiscal year:

(1) On or before December 31, develop and adopt, in consultation with the county superintendent of schools and the county board of education, a fiscal plan and budget for the county office of education that will allow the county office of education to meet its financial obligations both in the budget year and with regard to the multiyear financial commitments. The county board of education and the county superintendent of schools shall govern the operation of the county office of education for the budget year in accordance with that fiscal plan and budget. The deadline set forth in this paragraph shall be modified to reflect any extension granted under subdivision (d) of Section 1623.

(2) Cancel purchase orders, prohibit the issuance of nonsalary warrants, and otherwise stay or rescind any action that is inconsistent with the fiscal plan and budget adopted pursuant to paragraph (1). The Superintendent shall inform the county board of education and the county superintendent of schools in writing of his or her justification for any exercise of authority under this paragraph.

(3) Monitor and review the operation of the county office of education.

(4) Determine the need for additional staff and may employ, at county office of education expense, short-term analytical assistance or expertise to validate financial information if the county does not have the expertise or staff.

(5) Require the county office of education to encumber all contracts and other obligations, to prepare appropriate cashflow analyses and monthly or quarterly budget revisions, and to appropriately record all receivables and payables.

(6) Determine whether there are any financial problem areas and may employ, at county office of education expense, a certified public accounting firm to investigate financial problem areas.

(7) Withhold compensation of the members of the county board of education and the county superintendent for failure to provide requested financial information.

(c) The county office of education shall pay reasonable fees charged by the Superintendent of Public Instruction for actual administrative expenses incurred pursuant to subdivision (b), or costs associated with improving the county office of education’s financial management practices.

(d) This section shall not be construed to authorize the Superintendent to abrogate any provision of a collective bargaining agreement that was entered into by a county office of education prior to the date upon which the Superintendent disapproved the budget of the county office of education pursuant to subdivision (b).

(e) As he or she deems necessary for the purposes set forth in subdivision (b), the Superintendent may seek from the county office of education, or otherwise obtain, additional information regarding the budget or operations of the county office of education, through a financial or management review of the county office of education, a cashflow projection, or other appropriate means.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 19, Sec. 6. Effective June 24, 2015.)

1625.
  

The county superintendent of schools for any county office of education that reports a negative unrestricted fund balance or a negative cash balance in the annual report required by Section 1622 or in the audited annual financial statements required by Section 41020 shall include, with the budget submitted in accordance with Section 1622 and the certifications required by subdivision (l) of Section 1240, a statement identifying the reasons for the negative unrestricted fund balance or negative cash balance and the steps that will be taken to ensure that the negative balance will not occur at the end of the budget year.

(Amended by Stats. 2004, Ch. 896, Sec. 4. Effective September 29, 2004.)

1626.
  

Until the time the county office of education receives approval of its budget under this article, the county office of education shall continue to operate on the basis of the last budget adopted or revised for the county office of education for the fiscal year immediately preceding the budget year.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 1213, Sec. 3.)

1627.
  

The county school service fund shall be audited annually by a public accountant or a certified public accountant selected by the county superintendent of schools. The cost of the audit shall be a legal charge against the county school service fund.

(Added by Stats. 1991, Ch. 1213, Sec. 3.)

1628.
  

On or before October 15 of each year, the county superintendent of schools shall prepare and file with the Superintendent, along with the statements received pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 42100, a statement of all receipts and expenditures of the county office of education for the preceding fiscal year. The statement shall be in a format or on forms prescribed by the Superintendent, in accordance with regulations adopted by the State Board of Education. These forms may be amended periodically by the Superintendent to accommodate changes in statute or government reporting standards.

(Amended by Stats. 2005, Ch. 677, Sec. 2. Effective October 7, 2005.)

1629.
  

On or before October 15 of each year, the county board of education shall adopt a resolution to identify, pursuant to Division 9 (commencing with Section 7900) of Title 1 of the Government Code, the estimated appropriations limit for the county office of education for the current fiscal year and the actual appropriations limit for the county office of education for the preceding fiscal year. That resolution shall be adopted at a regular or special meeting of the board. Notwithstanding Section 7910 of the Government Code, documentation used in the identification of the appropriations limits shall be made available to the public on the date of the meeting at which the resolution is adopted.

(Amended by Stats. 2005, Ch. 677, Sec. 3. Effective October 7, 2005.)

1630.
  

(a) The Superintendent shall review and consider studies, reports, evaluations, or audits of the county office of education that contain evidence that the county office of education is demonstrating fiscal distress according to the standards and criteria developed pursuant to Section 33127, or that contain a finding by an external reviewer that more than 3 of the 15 most common predictors of school agencies needing intervention, as determined by the County Office Fiscal Crisis and Management Assistance Team, are present. If those findings are made, the Superintendent shall investigate the financial condition of the county office of education and determine if the county office of education may be unable to meet its financial obligations for the current or two subsequent fiscal years, or should receive a qualified or negative interim financial certification pursuant to Section 1240.

(b) If at any time during the fiscal year the Superintendent determines that the county office of education may be unable to meet its financial obligations for the current or two subsequent fiscal years, or if the county office has a qualified certification pursuant to Section 1240, he or she shall notify the county board of education and the county superintendent in writing of that determination and the basis for the determination. The notification shall include the assumptions used in making the determination and shall be available to the public. The Superintendent shall do the following, as necessary, to ensure that the county office meets its financial obligations:

(1) Assign a fiscal expert, paid for by the Superintendent, to advise the county office on its financial problems.

(2) Conduct a study of the financial and budgetary conditions of the county office. If, in the course of this review, the Superintendent determines that his or her office requires analytical assistance or expertise that is not available through the county office, he or she may employ, at county office expense, on a short-term basis, staff, including certified public accountants, to provide the assistance and expertise.

(3) Direct the county office to submit a financial projection of all fund and cash balances of the county office as of June 30 of the current year and subsequent fiscal years as he or she requires.

(4) Require the county office to encumber all contracts and other obligations, to prepare appropriate cashflow analyses and monthly or quarterly budget revisions, and to appropriately record all receivables and payables.

(5) Direct the county office to submit a proposal for addressing the fiscal conditions that resulted in the determination that the county office may not be able to meet its financial obligations.

(6) Withhold compensation of the county board of education and the county superintendent for failure to provide requested financial information.

(c) If, after taking the actions identified in subdivision (a), the Superintendent determines that a county office will be unable to meet its financial obligations for the current or subsequent fiscal year, he or she shall notify the county board of education and the county superintendent in writing of that determination and the basis for that determination. The notification shall include the assumptions used in making the determination and shall be available to the public.

(d) If the Superintendent of Public Instruction makes that determination, or if the county office has a negative certification pursuant to Section 1240, the Superintendent, shall, as necessary to enable the county office to meet its financial obligations, do one or more of the following:

(1) Develop and impose, in consultation with the county board of education and the county superintendent, a budget that will enable the county to meet its financial obligations.

(2) Stay or rescind an action that is determined to be inconsistent with the ability of the county office to meet its obligations for the current or subsequent fiscal year and may, as necessary, appoint a fiscal adviser to perform some or all of the duties prescribed by this paragraph on his or her behalf. This includes actions up to the point that the subsequent year’s budget is approved by the Superintendent. The Superintendent shall inform the county board of education in writing of his or her justification for an exercise of authority under this paragraph.

(3) Assist in developing, in consultation with the county board of education and the county superintendent, a financial plan that will enable the county office to meet its future obligations.

(4) Assist in developing, in consultation with the county board of education and the county superintendent, a budget for the subsequent fiscal year. If necessary, the Superintendent shall continue to work with the county board of education and the county superintendent until the budget for the subsequent year is adopted.

(e) Actions taken by the Superintendent pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2) of subdivision (d) shall be accompanied by a notification that includes the actions to be taken, the reasons for the actions, and the assumptions used to support the necessity for those actions. That notification shall be available to the public.

(f) This section does not authorize the Superintendent to abrogate a provision of a collective bargaining agreement that was entered into by a county office prior to the date upon which the Superintendent assumed authority pursuant to subdivision (d).

(g) The county office shall pay reasonable fees charged by the Superintendent for administrative expenses incurred pursuant to subdivision (d) or costs associated with improving the office’s financial management practices.

(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a county treasurer shall not honor a warrant when the Superintendent, as appropriate, has disapproved that warrant, or has disapproved the order on county office funds for which a warrant was prepared.

(i) For all purposes of errors and liability insurance policies, a fiscal expert appointed pursuant to this section shall be deemed to be an employee of the county office of education. The Superintendent may require that the fiscal adviser be placed on the county office of education payroll for the purposes of remuneration, benefits, and payroll deductions.

(j) If staff persons are hired pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (b), the Superintendent may certify to the Controller an amount to be transferred to the State Department of Education, from the funds that otherwise would be apportioned to the county office of education pursuant to Section 2558, for the purpose of paying all costs incurred by that staff in performing their respective services. The Controller, upon receipt of that certification, shall transfer that amount.

(k) To facilitate the appointment of a county office fiscal officer and the employment of additional staff pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, of subdivision (b), for the purposes of those paragraphs, the Superintendent of Public Instruction is exempt from the requirements of Article 6 (commencing with Section 999) of Chapter 6 of Division 4 of the Military and Veterans Code and Part 2 (commencing with Section 10100) of Division 2 of the Public Contract Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 296, Sec. 48. Effective January 1, 2012.)

EDCEducation Code - EDC2.