Code Section Group

Corporations Code - CORP

TITLE 4. SECURITIES [25000 - 31516]

  ( Title 4 added by Stats. 1949, Ch. 384. )

DIVISION 4.5. COMMODITIES [29500 - 29567]

  ( Division 4.5 added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 969, Sec. 2. )

CHAPTER 6. Crimes and Civil Liability [29550 - 29555]
  ( Chapter 6 added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 969, Sec. 2. )

29550.
  

(a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), any person who willfully violates any provision of this law, or who willfully violates any rule or order under this law, shall upon conviction be fined not more than two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000) or imprisoned pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code, or in a county jail for not more than one year, or be punished by both a fine and imprisonment; but no person may be imprisoned for the violation of any rule or order if that person proves that he or she had no knowledge of the rule or order.

(b) Any person who willfully violates Section 29536 shall upon conviction be fined not more than two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000), or imprisoned pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 of the Penal Code for two, three, or four years, or be punished by both that fine and imprisonment.

(c) One-half of the fines collected under this section shall be paid to the State Corporations Fund to be used for the support of this division. The remainder of the fines collected under this section shall be paid to the state or local agency which brought the criminal prosecution.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 15, Sec. 52. Effective April 4, 2011. Operative October 1, 2011, by Sec. 636 of Ch. 15, as amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 39, Sec. 68.)

29551.
  

Nothing in this law limits the power of the state to punish any person for any conduct which constitutes a crime under any other statute.

(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 969, Sec. 2.)

29552.
  

Any person who materially assists in any violation of this law, or any rule or order of the commissioner under this law, is jointly and severally liable with any other person liable under this law for the violation.

(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 969, Sec. 2.)

29553.
  

No action shall be maintained to enforce any liability under Section 29552 unless brought before the expiration of four years after the act or transaction constituting the violation or within one year after the discovery by the plaintiff of the facts constituting the violation, whichever occurs last.

(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 969, Sec. 2.)

29554.
  

Every cause of action under this law survives the death of any person who might have been a plaintiff or defendant.

(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 969, Sec. 2.)

29555.
  

Except as explicitly provided in this law, no civil liability in favor of any private party shall arise against any person by implication from, or as a result of, the violation of any provision of this law or any rule or order under this law. Nothing in this law shall limit any liability which may exist by virtue of any other statute or under common law if this law were not in effect.

(Added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 969, Sec. 2.)

CORPCorporations Code - CORP