Code Section Group

Corporations Code - CORP

TITLE 1. CORPORATIONS [100 - 14631]

  ( Title 1 enacted by Stats. 1947, Ch. 1038. )

DIVISION 1. GENERAL CORPORATION LAW [100 - 2319]

  ( Division 1 repealed and added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 682. )

CHAPTER 19. Voluntary Dissolution [1900 - 1907]
  ( Chapter 19 added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 682. )

1900.
  

(a) Any corporation may elect voluntarily to wind up and dissolve by the vote of shareholders holding shares representing 50 percent or more of the voting power.

(b) Any corporation which comes within one of the following descriptions may elect by approval by the board to wind up and dissolve:

(1) A corporation as to which an order for relief has been entered under Chapter 7 of the federal bankruptcy law.

(2) A corporation which has disposed of all of its assets and has not conducted any business for a period of five years immediately preceding the adoption of the resolution electing to dissolve the corporation.

(3) A corporation which has issued no shares.

(Amended by Stats. 1980, Ch. 501.)

1900.5.
  

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this division, when a corporation has not issued shares, a majority of the directors, or, if no directors have been named in the articles or been elected, the incorporator or a majority of the incorporators may sign and verify a certificate of dissolution stating the following:

(1) That the certificate of dissolution is being filed within 12 months from the date the articles of incorporation were filed.

(2) That the corporation does not have any debts or other liabilities, except as provided in paragraph (3).

(3) That the tax liability will be satisfied on a taxes paid basis or that a person or corporation or other business entity assumes the tax liability, if any, of the dissolving corporation and is responsible for additional corporate taxes, if any, that are assessed and that become due after the date of the assumption of the tax liability.

(4) That a final franchise tax return, as described by Section 23332 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, has been or will be filed with the Franchise Tax Board as required under Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

(5) That the corporation has not conducted any business from the time of the filing of the articles of incorporation.

(6) That the known assets of the corporation remaining after payment of, or adequately providing for, known debts and liabilities have been distributed to the persons entitled thereto or that the corporation acquired no known assets, as the case may be.

(7) That a majority of the directors, or, if no directors have been named in the articles or been elected, the incorporator or a majority of the incorporators authorized the dissolution and elected to dissolve the corporation.

(8) That the corporation has not issued any shares, and if the corporation has received payments for shares from investors, those payments have been returned to those investors.

(9) That the corporation is dissolved.

(b) A certificate of dissolution signed and verified pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be filed with the Secretary of State. The Secretary of State shall notify the Franchise Tax Board of the dissolution.

(c) Upon filing a certificate of dissolution pursuant to subdivision (b), a corporation shall be dissolved and its powers, rights, and privileges shall cease.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 773, Sec. 9. Effective September 29, 2006.)

1901.
  

(a) Whenever a corporation has elected to wind up and dissolve a certificate evidencing such election shall forthwith be filed.

(b) The certificate shall be an officers’ certificate or shall be signed and verified by at least a majority of the directors then in office or by one or more shareholders authorized to do so by shareholders holding shares representing 50 percent or more of the voting power and shall set forth:

(1) That the corporation has elected to wind up and dissolve.

(2) If the election was made by the vote of shareholders, the number of shares voting for the election and that the election was made by shareholders representing at least 50 percent of the voting power.

(3) If the certificate is executed by a shareholder or shareholders, that the subscribing shareholder or shareholders were authorized to execute the certificate by shareholders holding shares representing at least 50 percent of the voting power.

(4) If the election was made by the board pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 1900, the certificate shall also set forth the circumstances showing the corporation to be within one of the categories described in said subdivision.

(c) If an election to dissolve made pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 1900 is made by the vote of all the outstanding shares and a statement to that effect is added to the certificate of dissolution pursuant to Section 1905, the separate filing of the certificate of election pursuant to this section is not required.

(Amended by Stats. 1991, Ch. 280, Sec. 1.)

1902.
  

(a) A voluntary election to wind up and dissolve may be revoked prior to distribution of any assets by the vote of shareholders holding shares representing a majority of the voting power, or by approval by the board if the election was by the board pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 1900. Thereupon a certificate evidencing the revocation shall be signed, verified and filed in the manner prescribed by Section 1901.

(b) The certificate shall set forth:

(1) That the corporation has revoked its election to wind up and dissolve.

(2) That no assets have been distributed pursuant to the election.

(3) If the revocation was made by the vote of shareholders, the number of shares voting for the revocation and the total number of outstanding shares the holders of which were entitled to vote on the revocation.

(4) If the election and revocation was by the board, that shall be stated.

(Amended by Stats. 1976, Ch. 641.)

1903.
  

(a) Voluntary proceedings for winding up the corporation commence upon the adoption of the resolution of shareholders or directors of the corporation electing to wind up and dissolve, or upon the filing with the corporation of a written consent of shareholders thereto.

(b) When a voluntary proceeding for winding up has commenced, the board shall continue to act as a board and shall have full powers to wind up and settle its affairs, both before and after the filing of the certificate of dissolution.

(c) When a voluntary proceeding for winding up has commenced, the corporation shall cease to carry on business except to the extent necessary for the beneficial winding up thereof and except during such period as the board may deem necessary to preserve the corporation’s goodwill or going-concern value pending a sale of its business or assets, or both, in whole or in part. The board shall cause written notice of the commencement of the proceeding for voluntary winding up to be given by mail to all shareholders (except no notice need be given to the shareholders who voted in favor of winding up and dissolving the corporation) and to all known creditors and claimants whose addresses appear on the records of the corporation.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 682.)

1904.
  

If a corporation is in the process of voluntary winding up, the superior court of the proper county, upon the petition of (a) the corporation, or (b) a shareholder or shareholders who hold shares representing 5 percent or more of the total number of any class of outstanding shares, or (c) any shareholder or shareholders of a close corporation, or (d) three or more creditors, and upon such notice to the corporation and to other persons interested in the corporation as shareholders and creditors as the court may order, may take jurisdiction over such voluntary winding up proceeding if that appears necessary for the protection of any parties in interest. The court, if it assumes jurisdiction, may make such orders as to any and all matters concerning the winding up of the affairs of the corporation and for the protection of its shareholders and creditors as justice and equity may require. The provisions of Chapter 18 (commencing with Section 1800) (except Sections 1800 and 1801) shall apply to such court proceedings.

(Amended by Stats. 1976, Ch. 641.)

1905.
  

(a) When a corporation has been completely wound up without court proceedings therefor, a majority of the directors then in office shall sign and verify a certificate of dissolution stating:

(1) That the corporation has been completely wound up.

(2) That its known debts and liabilities have been actually paid, or adequately provided for, or paid or adequately provided for as far as its assets permitted, or that it has incurred no known debts or liabilities, as the case may be. If there are known debts or liabilities for payment of which adequate provision has been made, the certificate shall state what provision has been made, setting forth the name and address of the corporation, person or governmental agency that has assumed or guaranteed the payment, or the name and address of the depositary with which deposit has been made or any other information that may be necessary to enable the creditor or other person to whom payment is to be made to appear and claim payment of the debt or liability.

(3) That its known assets have been distributed to the persons entitled thereto or that it acquired no known assets, as the case may be.

(4) That the corporation is dissolved.

(5) If no certificate of election is to be filed pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 1901, that the election to dissolve was made by the vote of all the outstanding shares.

(6) That a final franchise tax return, as described by Section 23332 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, has been or will be filed with the Franchise Tax Board, as required under Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

(b) The certificate of dissolution shall be filed with the Secretary of State and thereupon the corporate powers, rights, and privileges of the corporation shall cease. The Secretary of State shall notify the Franchise Tax Board of the dissolution.

(Amended by Stats. 2006, Ch. 773, Sec. 10. Effective September 29, 2006.)

1905.1.
  

If a corporation has filed a certificate of dissolution with the Secretary of State on or after January 1, 1992, and before the effective date of the act adding this section, pursuant to Section 1905, prior to its amendment by the act adding this section, and the Franchise Tax Board has not, as of that effective date, made the determination required by subdivision (c) of Section 1905, prior to its amendment by the act adding this section, then the corporation shall be dissolved as of the date of filing the certificate of dissolution and thereupon its corporate existence shall cease.

(Added by Stats. 2006, Ch. 773, Sec. 11. Effective September 29, 2006.)

1906.
  

Except as otherwise provided by law, if the term of existence for which any corporation was organized expires without renewal or extension thereof, the board shall terminate its business and wind up its affairs; and when the business and affairs of the corporation have been wound up a majority of the directors shall execute and file a certificate conforming to the requirements of Section 1905.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 682.)

1907.
  

(a) The board, in lieu of filing the certificate of dissolution, may petition the superior court of the proper county for an order declaring the corporation duly wound up and dissolved. Such petition shall be filed in the name of the corporation.

(b) Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall make an order requiring all persons interested to show cause why an order should not be made declaring the corporation duly wound up and dissolved and shall direct that the order be served by notice to all creditors, claimants and shareholders in the same manner as the notice given under subdivision (b) of Section 1807.

(c) Any person claiming to be interested as shareholder, creditor or otherwise may appear in the proceeding at any time before the expiration of 30 days from the completion of publication of the order to show cause and contest the petition, and upon failure to appear such person’s claim shall be barred.

(d) Thereafter an order shall be entered and filed and have the effect as prescribed in Sections 1808 and 1809.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1975, Ch. 682.)

CORPCorporations Code - CORP