Code Section Group

Civil Code - CIV

DIVISION 3. OBLIGATIONS [1427 - 3272.9]

  ( Heading of Division 3 amended by Stats. 1988, Ch. 160, Sec. 14. )


  ( Part 4 enacted 1872. )

TITLE 4. LOAN [1884 - 1923.10]

  ( Title 4 enacted 1872. )

CHAPTER 1. Loan for Use [1884 - 1896]
  ( Chapter 1 enacted 1872. )


A loan for use is a contract by which one gives to another the temporary possession and use of personal property, and the latter agrees to return the same thing to him at a future time, without reward for its use.

(Enacted 1872.)


A loan for use does not transfer the title to the thing; and all its increase during the period of the loan belongs to the lender.

(Enacted 1872.)


A borrower for use must use great care for the preservation in safety and in good condition of the thing lent.

(Enacted 1872.)


One who borrows a living animal for use, must treat it with great kindness, and provide everything necessary and suitable for it.

(Enacted 1872.)


A borrower for use is bound to have and to exercise such skill in the care of the thing lent as he causes the lender to believe him to possess.

(Enacted 1872.)


A borrower for use must repair all deteriorations or injuries to the thing lent, which are occasioned by his negligence, however slight.

(Enacted 1872.)


The borrower of a thing for use may use it for such purposes only as the lender might reasonably anticipate at the time of lending.

(Enacted 1872.)


The borrower of a thing for use must not part with it to a third person, without the consent of the lender.

(Enacted 1872.)


The borrower of a thing for use must bear all its expenses during the loan, except such as are necessarily incurred by him to preserve it from unexpected and unusual injury. For such expenses he is entitled to compensation from the lender, who may, however, exonerate himself by surrendering the thing to the borrower.

(Enacted 1872.)


The lender of a thing for use must indemnify the borrower for damage caused by defects or vices in it, which he knew at the time of lending, and concealed from the borrower.

(Enacted 1872.)


The lender of a thing for use may at any time require its return, even though he lent it for a specified time or purpose. But if, on the faith of such an agreement, the borrower has made such arrangements that a return of the thing before the period agreed upon would cause him loss, exceeding the benefit derived by him from the loan, the lender must indemnify him for such loss, if he compels such return, the borrower not having in any manner violated his duty.

(Enacted 1872.)


If a thing is lent for use for a specified time or purpose, it must be returned to the lender without demand, as soon as the time has expired, or the purpose has been accomplished. In other cases it need not be returned until demanded.

(Enacted 1872.)


The borrower of a thing for use must return it to the lender, at the place contemplated by the parties at the time of lending; or if no particular place was so contemplated by them, then at the place where it was at that time.

(Enacted 1872.)

CIVCivil Code - CIV