Code Section

Government Code - GOV

TITLE 7. PLANNING AND LAND USE [65000 - 66499.58]

  ( Heading of Title 7 amended by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1536. )
  

DIVISION 1. PLANNING AND ZONING [65000 - 66301]

  ( Heading of Division 1 added by Stats. 1974, Ch. 1536. )
  

CHAPTER 11. Housing Sustainability Districts [66200 - 66210]
  ( Chapter 11 added by Stats. 2017, Ch. 371, Sec. 2. )

  
66201.  

(a) A city, county, or city and county, upon receipt of preliminary approval by the department pursuant to Section 66202, may establish by ordinance a housing sustainability district in accordance with this chapter. The city, county, or city and county shall adopt the ordinance in accordance with the requirements of Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 65800).

(b) An area proposed to be designated a housing sustainability district pursuant to this chapter shall satisfy all of the following requirements:

(1) The area is an eligible location, including any adjacent area served by existing infrastructure and utilities.

(2) The area is zoned to permit residential use through the ministerial issuance of a permit. Other uses may be permitted by conditional use or other discretionary permit, provided that the use is consistent with residential use.

(3) Density ranges for multifamily housing for which the minimum densities shall not be less than those deemed appropriate to accommodate housing for lower income households as set forth in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3) of subdivision (c) of Section 65583.2, and a density range for single-family attached or detached housing for which the minimum densities shall not be less than 10 units to the acre. A density range shall provide the minimum dwelling units per acre and the maximum dwelling units per acre.

(4) The development of housing is permitted, consistent with neighborhood building and use patterns and any applicable building codes.

(5) Limitations or moratoriums on residential use do not apply to any of the area, other than any limitation or moratorium imposed by court order.

(6) The area is not subject to any general age or other occupancy restrictions, except that the city, county, or city and county may allow for the development of specific projects exclusively for the elderly or the disabled or for assisted living.

(7) Housing units comply with all applicable federal, state, and local fair housing laws.

(8) The area of the proposed housing sustainability district does not exceed 15 percent of the total land area under the jurisdiction of the city, county, or city and county unless the department approves a larger area in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter.

(9) The total area of all housing sustainability districts within the city, county, or city and county does not exceed 30 percent of the total land area under the jurisdiction of the city, county, or city and county.

(10) The housing sustainability district ordinance provides for the manner of review by an approving authority, as designated by the ordinance, pursuant to Section 66205 and in accordance with the rules and regulations adopted by the department.

(11) Development projects in the area comply with the requirements of Section 66208, regarding the replacement of affordable housing units affected by the development.

(c) The city, county, or city and county may apply uniform development policies or standards that will apply to all projects within the housing sustainability district, including parking ordinances, public access ordinances, grading ordinances, hillside development ordinances, flood plain ordinances, habitat or conservation ordinances, view protection ordinances, and requirements for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

(d) The city, county, or city and county may provide for mixed-use development within the housing sustainability district.

(e) An amendment or repeal of a housing sustainability district ordinance shall not become effective unless the department provides written approval to the city, county, or city and county. The city, county, or city and county may request approval of a proposed amendment or repeal by submitting a written request to the department. The department shall evaluate the proposed amendment or repeal for the effect of that amendment or repeal on the city’s, county’s, or city and county’s housing element. If the department does not respond to a written request for amendment or repeal of an ordinance within 60 days of receipt of that request, the request shall be deemed approved.

(f) The housing sustainability district ordinance shall do all of the following:

(1) Provide for an approving authority to review permit applications for development within the housing sustainability district in accordance with Section 66205.

(2) (A) Subject to subparagraph (B), require that at least 20 percent of the residential units constructed within the housing sustainability district be affordable to very low, low-, and moderate-income households and subject to a recorded affordability restriction for at least 55 years. A development that is affordable to persons and families whose income exceeds the income limit for persons and families of moderate income shall include no less than 10 percent of the units for lower income households at affordable housing cost, as defined by Section 50052.5 of the Health and Safety Code, unless the city, county, or city and county has adopted a local ordinance that requires that a greater percentage of the units be for lower income households, in which case that ordinance shall apply.

(B) For a city, county, or city and county that includes its entire regional housing needs allocation pursuant to Section 65584 within the housing sustainability district, the percentages of the total units constructed or substantially rehabilitated within the housing sustainability district shall match the percentages in each income category of the city’s, county’s, or city and county’s regional housing need allocation.

(C) This section does not expand or contract the authority of a local government to adopt an ordinance, charter amendment, general plan amendment, specific plan, resolution, or other land use policy or regulation requiring that any housing development contain a fixed percentage of affordable housing units.

(3) Specify that a project is not deemed to be for residential use if it is infeasible for actual use as a single or multifamily residence.

(4) Require that an applicant for a permit for a project within the housing sustainability district do the following, as applicable:

(A) Certify to the approving authority that either of the following is true, as applicable:

(i) That the entirety of the project is a public work for purposes of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1720) of Part 7 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.

(ii) If the project is not in its entirety a public work, that all construction workers employed in the execution of the project will be paid at least the general prevailing rate of per diem wages for the type of work and geographic area, as determined by the Director of Industrial Relations pursuant to Sections 1773 and 1773.9 of the Labor Code, except that apprentices registered in programs approved by the Chief of the Division of Apprenticeship Standards may be paid at least the applicable apprentice prevailing rate. If the approving authority approves the application, then for those portions of the project that are not a public work all of the following shall apply:

(I) The applicant shall include the prevailing wage requirement in all contracts for the performance of the work.

(II) All contractors and subcontractors shall pay to all construction workers employed in the execution of the work at least the general prevailing rate of per diem wages, except that apprentices registered in programs approved by the Chief of the Division of Apprenticeship Standards may be paid at least the applicable apprentice prevailing rate.

(III) Except as provided in subclause (V), all contractors and subcontractors shall maintain and verify payroll records pursuant to Section 1776 of the Labor Code and make those records available for inspection and copying as provided in therein.

(IV) Except as provided in subclause (V), the obligation of the contractors and subcontractors to pay prevailing wages may be enforced by the Labor Commissioner through the issuance of a civil wage and penalty assessment pursuant to Section 1741 of the Labor Code, which may be reviewed pursuant to Section 1742 of the Labor Code, within 18 months after the completion of the project, by an underpaid worker through an administrative complaint or civil action, or by a joint labor-management committee through a civil action under Section 1771.2 of the Labor Code. If a civil wage and penalty assessment is issued, the contractor, subcontractor, and surety on a bond or bonds issued to secure the payment of wages covered by the assessment shall be liable for liquidated damages pursuant to Section 1742.1 of the Labor Code.

(V) Subclauses (III) and (IV) do not apply if all contractors and subcontractors performing work on the project are subject to a project labor agreement that requires the payment of prevailing wages to all construction workers employed in the execution of the project and provides for enforcement of that obligation through an arbitration procedure. For purposes of this subclause, “project labor agreement” has the same meaning as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 2500 of the Public Contract Code.

(VI) Notwithstanding subdivision (c) of Section 1773.1 of the Labor Code, the requirement that employer payments not reduce the obligation to pay the hourly straight time or overtime wages found to be prevailing shall not apply if otherwise provided in a bona fide collective bargaining agreement covering the worker. The requirement to pay at least the general prevailing rate of per diem wages does not preclude use of an alternative workweek schedule adopted pursuant to Section 511 or 514 of the Labor Code.

(B) (i) For projects for which any of the following conditions apply, certify to the approving authority that a skilled and trained workforce will be used to complete the project if the approving authority approves the project application:

(I) On and after January 1, 2018, until December 31, 2021, the project consists of 75 or more units that are not 100 percent subsidized affordable housing and will be located within a jurisdiction located in a coastal or bay county with a population of 225,000 or more.

(II) On and after January 1, 2022, until December 31, 2025, the project consists of 50 or more units that are not 100 percent subsidized affordable housing and will be located within a jurisdiction located in a coastal or bay county with a population of 225,000 or more.

(III) On and after January 1, 2018, until December 31, 2019, the project consists of 75 or more units that are not 100 percent subsidized affordable housing and will be located within a jurisdiction with a population of fewer than 550,000 and that is not located in a coastal or bay county.

(IV) On and after January 1, 2020, until December 31, 2021, the project consists of more than 50 units and will be located within a jurisdiction with a population of fewer than 550,000 and that is not located in a coastal or bay county.

(V) On and after January 1, 2022, until December 31, 2025, the project consists of more than 25 units and will be located within a jurisdiction with a population of fewer than 550,000 and that is not located in a coastal bay county.

(ii) For purposes of this section, “skilled and trained workforce” has the same meaning as provided in Chapter 2.9 (commencing with Section 2600) of Part 1 of Division 2 of the Public Contract Code.

(iii) If the applicant has certified that a skilled and trained workforce will be used to complete the development and the application is approved, the following shall apply:

(I) The applicant shall require in all contracts for the performance of work that every contractor and subcontractor at every tier will individually use a skilled and trained workforce to complete the project.

(II) Every contractor and subcontractor shall use a skilled and trained workforce to complete the project.

(III) Except as provided in subclause (IV), the applicant shall provide to the approving authority, on a monthly basis while the project or contract is being performed, a report demonstrating compliance with Chapter 2.9 (commencing with Section 2600) of Part 1 of Division 2 of the Public Contract Code. A monthly report provided to the approving authority pursuant to this subclause is a public record under the California Public Records Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1) and shall be open to public inspection. An applicant that fails to provide a monthly report demonstrating compliance with Chapter 2.9 (commencing with Section 2600) of Part 1 of Division 2 of the Public Contract Code is subject to a civil penalty of ten thousand dollars ($10,000) per month for each month for which the report has not been provided. Any contractor or subcontractor that fails to use a skilled and trained workforce is subject to a civil penalty of two hundred dollars ($200) per day for each worker employed in contravention of the skilled and trained workforce requirement. Penalties may be assessed by the Labor Commissioner within 18 months of completion of the project using the same procedures for issuance of civil wage and penalty assessments pursuant to Section 1741 of the Labor Code, and may be reviewed pursuant to the same procedures in Section 1742 of the Labor Code. Penalties shall be paid to the State Public Works Enforcement Fund.

(IV) Subclause (III) does not apply if all contractors and subcontractors performing work on the project are subject to a project labor agreement that requires compliance with the skilled and trained workforce requirement and provides for enforcement of that obligation through an arbitration procedure. For purposes of this subparagraph, “project labor agreement” has the same meaning as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 2500 of the Public Contract Code.

(C) Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B), a project within a housing sustainability district that is subject to approval by the approving authority is exempt from any requirement to pay prevailing wages or use a skilled and trained workforce if it meets both of the following:

(i) The project includes 10 or fewer units.

(ii) The project is not a public work for purposes of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1720) of Part 7 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.

(5) Provide that a project is not eligible for approval from the approving authority if it involved or involves a subdivision that is, or, notwithstanding this chapter, would otherwise be, subject to the Subdivision Map Act (Division 2 (commencing with Section 66410)) or any other applicable law authorizing the subdivision of land, unless either of the following apply:

(A) The project has received or will receive financing or funding by means of a low-income housing tax credit and is subject to the requirement that prevailing wages be paid pursuant to subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4).

(B) The project is subject to the requirement that prevailing wages be paid, and a skilled and trained workforce used, pursuant to paragraph (4).

(6) Provide for relocation assistance for persons and families displaced from their residences due to development within the housing sustainability district.

(g) A housing sustainability district ordinance adopted pursuant to this section shall remain in effect for no more than 10 years, except that the city, county, or city and county may renew the housing sustainability district ordinance, for an additional period not exceeding 10 years, before the date upon which it would otherwise be repealed pursuant to this subdivision.

(h) This section shall not be construed to affect the authority of a city, county, or city and county to amend its zoning regulations pursuant to Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 65800), except to the extent that an amendment affects a housing sustainability district.

(i) The city, county, or city and county shall comply with Chapter 4.3 (commencing with Section 21155.10) of Division 13 of the Public Resources Code.

(Amended by Stats. 2018, Ch. 92, Sec. 120. (SB 1289) Effective January 1, 2019. Conditionally inoperative as provided in Stats. 2017, Ch. 371, Sec. 4.)