Code Section

Health and Safety Code - HSC


  ( Division 104 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

PART 10. RECREATIONAL SAFETY [115725 - 116095]

  ( Part 10 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

CHAPTER 5. Safe Recreational Water Use [115825 - 116090.7]

  ( Chapter 5 added by Stats. 1995, Ch. 415, Sec. 6. )

ARTICLE 2.5. The Swimming Pool Safety Act [115920 - 115929]
  ( Article 2.5 added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 925, Sec. 3.5. )


Whenever a building permit is issued for the construction of a new swimming pool or spa, the pool or spa shall meet all of the following requirements:

(a) (1) The suction outlets of the pool or spa for which the permit is issued shall be equipped to provide circulation throughout the pool or spa as prescribed in paragraphs (2) and (3).

(2) The swimming pool or spa shall either have at least two circulation suction outlets per pump that shall be hydraulically balanced and symmetrically plumbed through one or more “T” fittings, and that are separated by a distance of at least three feet in any dimension between the suction outlets, or be designed to use alternatives to suction outlets, including, but not limited to, skimmers or perimeter overflow systems to conduct water to the recirculation pump.

(3) The circulation system shall have the capacity to provide a complete turnover of pool water, as specified in Section 3124B of Chapter 31B of the California Building Standards Code (Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations).

(b) Suction outlets shall be covered with antientrapment grates, as specified in the ANSI/APSP-16 performance standard or successor standard designated by the federal Consumer Product Safety Commission, that cannot be removed except with the use of tools. Slots or openings in the grates or similar protective devices shall be of a shape, area, and arrangement that would prevent physical entrapment and would not pose any suction hazard to bathers.

(c) Any backup safety system that an owner of a new swimming pool or spa may choose to install in addition to the requirements set forth in subdivisions (a) and (b) shall meet the standards as published in the document, “Guidelines for Entrapment Hazards: Making Pools and Spas Safer,” Publication Number 363, March 2005, United States Consumer Product Safety Commission.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 679, Sec. 2. (AB 2114) Effective January 1, 2013.)