Code Section

Civil Code - CIV

DIVISION 3. OBLIGATIONS [1427 - 3272.9]

  ( Heading of Division 3 amended by Stats. 1988, Ch. 160, Sec. 14. )
  

PART 2. CONTRACTS [1549 - 1701]

  ( Part 2 enacted 1872. )
  

TITLE 1. NATURE OF A CONTRACT [1549 - 1615]

  ( Title 1 enacted 1872. )
  

CHAPTER 3. Consent [1565 - 1590]
  ( Chapter 3 enacted 1872. )

  
1572.  

Actual fraud, within the meaning of this Chapter, consists in any of the following acts, committed by a party to the contract, or with his connivance, with intent to deceive another party thereto, or to induce him to enter into the contract:

1. The suggestion, as a fact, of that which is not true, by one who does not believe it to be true;

2. The positive assertion, in a manner not warranted by the information of the person making it, of that which is not true, though he believes it to be true;

3. The suppression of that which is true, by one having knowledge or belief of the fact;

4. A promise made without any intention of performing it; or,

5. Any other act fitted to deceive.

(Enacted 1872.)