Code Section

Business and Professions Code - BPC


  ( Heading of Division 3 added by Stats. 1939, Ch. 30. )

CHAPTER 10. Barbering and Cosmetology [7301 - 7426.5]

  ( Chapter 10 repealed and added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1672, Sec. 3. )

ARTICLE 8. Schools, Instructors, and Curricula [7362 - 7395.1]
  ( Article 8 added by Stats. 1990, Ch. 1672, Sec. 3. )


(a) A student who is enrolled in a school of cosmetology approved by the Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education in a course approved by the board may, upon completion of a minimum of 60 percent of the clock hours required for graduation in the course, work as an unpaid extern in a cosmetology establishment participating in the educational program of the school of cosmetology.

(b) A person working as an extern shall receive clock hour credit toward graduation, but that credit shall not exceed eight hours per week and shall not exceed 10 percent of the total clock hours required for completion of the course.

(c) The externship program shall be conducted in cosmetology establishments meeting all of the following criteria:

(1) The establishment is licensed by the board.

(2) The establishment has a minimum of four licensees working at the establishment, including employees and owners or managers.

(3) All licensees at the establishment are in good standing with the board.

(4) Licensees working at the establishment work for salaries or commissions rather than on a space rental basis.

(5) No more than one extern shall work in an establishment for every four licensees working in the establishment. No regularly employed licensee shall be displaced or have his or her work hours reduced or altered to accommodate the placement of an extern in an establishment. Prior to placement of the extern, the establishment shall agree in writing sent to the school and to all affected licensees that no reduction or alteration of any licensee’s current work schedule shall occur. This shall not prevent a licensee from voluntarily reducing or altering his or her work schedule.

(6) Externs shall wear conspicuous school identification at all times while working in the establishment, and shall carry a school laminated identification, that includes a picture, in a form approved by the board.

(d) (1) No less than 90 percent of the responsibilities and duties of the extern shall consist of the acts included within the practice of cosmetology as defined in Section 7316.

(2) The establishment shall consult with the assigning school regarding the extern’s progress during the unpaid externship. The owner or manager of the establishment shall monitor and report on the student’s progress to the school on a regular basis, with assistance from supervising licensees.

(3) A participating school shall assess the extern’s learning outcome from the externship program. The school shall maintain accurate records of the extern’s educational experience in the externship program and records that indicate how the extern’s learning outcome translates into course credit.

(e) Participation in an externship program made available by a school shall be voluntary, may be terminated by the student at any time, and shall not be a prerequisite for graduation.

(f) The cosmetology establishment that chooses to utilize the extern is liable for the extern’s general liability insurance, as well as cosmetology malpractice liability insurance, and shall furnish proof to the participating school that the establishment is covered by both forms of liability insurance and that the extern is covered under that insurance.

(g) (1) It is the purpose of the externship program authorized by this section to provide students with skills, knowledge, and attitudes necessary to acquire employment in the field for which they are being trained, and to extend formalized classroom instruction.

(2) Instruction shall be based on skills, knowledge, attitudes, and performance levels in the area of cosmetology for which the instruction is conducted.

(3) An extern may perform only acts listed within the definition of the practice of cosmetology as provided in Section 7316, if a licensee directly supervises those acts, except that an extern may not use or apply chemical treatments unless the extern has received appropriate training in application of those treatments from an approved cosmetology school. An extern may work on a paying client only in an assisting capacity and only with the direct and immediate supervision of a licensee.

(4) The extern shall not perform any work in a manner that would violate law.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 430, Sec. 26. (AB 181) Effective January 1, 2016.)