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SB-598 Open Financial Statements Act.(2019-2020)



Current Version: 09/13/19 - Enrolled         Compare Versions information image


SB598:v94#DOCUMENT

Enrolled  September 13, 2019
Passed  IN  Senate  September 11, 2019
Passed  IN  Assembly  September 10, 2019
Amended  IN  Assembly  September 06, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  May 17, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  April 11, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  April 02, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill
No. 598


Introduced by Senator Moorlach
(Coauthor: Senator Glazer)

February 22, 2019


An act to add and repeal Chapter 23.5 (commencing with Section 7540) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, relating to public agency financial reporting.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 598, Moorlach. Open Financial Statements Act.
Existing law, the Financial Information System for California (FISCal) Act, establishes the FISCal system, a single integrated financial management system for the state, and requires the Department of FISCal to maintain and operate that system upon its full implementation and final acceptance. Existing law requires various state and local agencies to provide financial reports, as provided.
This bill would enact the Open Financial Statements Act. The bill would establish the Open Financial Statement Commission, consisting of 9 members, in the Treasurer’s office. The bill would authorize the commission to contract, through an open and competitive request for proposal process, with vendors possessing the necessary software and financial data standards development expertise to build one or more taxonomies suitable for public agency financial filings and create a software tool that enables a public agency to easily create machine readable documents consistent with these taxonomies, if necessary. The bill would require the commission, by January 1, 2021, to report to the Legislature and make recommendations regarding how and whether to transition financial reporting by state and local agencies to a machine readable format. The bill would repeal the Open Financial Statements Act as of January 1, 2025.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Chapter 23.5 (commencing with Section 7540) is added to Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code, to read:
CHAPTER  23.5. Open Financial Statements

7540.
 This chapter shall be known, and may be cited, as the Open Financial Statements Act.

7540.1.
 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Most local agencies submit two sets of annual financial statements to the Controller: a single audit reporting package in portable document format (PDF) and a financial transactions report. This dual reporting requirement creates an extra burden on local agencies and creates the risk of the Controller receiving inconsistent data.
(b) Other public entities, including the state, separately reporting component units of the state, and public pension systems, also file audited financial statements in PDF, rendering them difficult to analyze.
(c) Transitioning these documents to machine readable formats will ease the identification of fiscally distressed local governments and increase liquidity in the municipal bond market.
(d) It is therefore the intent of the Legislature to study whether to transition financial reporting by state and local agencies to a machine readable format, such as Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language (iXBRL).

7540.2.
 For purposes of this chapter:
(a) “Commission” means the Open Financial Statement Commission.
(b) “Financial statement” means any financial report or statement that a public agency is required by any state or local law to submit.
(c) “iXBRL” means Inline eXtensible Business Reporting Language.
(d) “Public agency” means any state agency, department, board, or commission, county, city, special district, or other political subdivision.
(e) “XBRL” means eXtensible Business Reporting Language.

7540.3.
 (a) There is hereby established in the Treasurer’s office the Open Financial Statement Commission.
(b) The commission shall consist of the following nine members:
(1) A representative from the Controller’s office, to be appointed by the Controller.
(2) A representative from the California Debt and Investment Advisory Commission within the Treasurer’s office, who shall serve as the chair of the commission.
(3) A representative from the California State Auditor’s Office, to be appointed by the California State Auditor.
(4) A representative of a city or a county.
(5) A representative of a special district.
(6) A researcher who has knowledge and experience in government accounting, affiliated with either the University of California or the California State University.
(7) A municipal bond investor.
(8) An information technology professional employed in the private sector.
(9) A person with knowledge and experience in data modeling for open data standards.
(c) Except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (1) and (3) of subdivision (b), members of the commission shall be appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the Treasurer.
(d) Meetings of the commission shall be open and public in accordance with the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act (Article 9 (commencing with Section 11120) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2).
(e) The commission may employ staff as may be necessary for the performance of its duties under this chapter.

7540.4.
 (a) The commission may contract, through an open and competitive request for proposal process, and consistent with Section 12100 of the Public Contract Code, with vendors possessing the necessary software and financial data standards development expertise to do both of the following:
(1) Build one or more taxonomies suitable for public agency financial filings, including, but not limited to, XBRL taxonomies.
(2) Create an open source software tool that enables a public agency required by other law to file or submit a financial statement to easily create machine readable documents consistent with the taxonomy or taxonomies developed pursuant to paragraph (1), if necessary. The open source software tool created pursuant to this paragraph shall have no restriction on its use.
(b) (1) No later than January 1, 2021, the commission shall report to the Legislature and make recommendations regarding how to transition financial reporting by state and local agencies to a machine readable format. The report shall include, but not be limited to, the following information:
(A) The cost of creating a taxonomy, as described in subdivision (a).
(B) The cost of creating an open source software tool, as described in subdivision (a).
(C) The amount of time necessary for public agencies to transition to a machine readable format.
(D) The cost of transitioning all public agencies and how the transition would be funded.
(E) Recommendations regarding whether such a transition is the most cost-effective method of preparing financial statements.
(2) The commission may enter into an interagency agreement with the University of California or the California State University for consultation on the report described in paragraph (1).
(3) The report required to be submitted pursuant to this subdivision shall be submitted in compliance with Section 9795.

7540.5.
 This chapter shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2025, and as of that date is repealed.