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AB-601 Parole.(2013-2014)



Current Version: 04/01/13 - Amended Assembly         Compare Versions information image


AB601:v97#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  April 01, 2013
Amended  IN  Assembly  March 19, 2013

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2013–2014 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 601


Introduced by Assembly Members Cooley and Eggman and Cooley

February 20, 2013


An act to amend Sections 3000.08 and 3056 of the Penal Code, relating to parole.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 601, as amended, Eggman. Parole.
Existing law requires that persons released after serving a term in state prison for specified felonies be subject to parole supervision by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation. Under existing law, if the supervising parole agency has determined that other sanctions are inappropriate, the agency may petition the court to revoke parole for specified violations. The court may respond to this petition by returning the person to parole supervision with a modification of conditions, revoke parole and order confinement in county jail, or refer the person to a reentry court.
This bill would authorize the court, upon petition, to revoke parole and return the person to state prison for a period not to exceed one year. The bill would require the Legislative Analyst’s Office, on or before January 1, 2015, to produce a report, to be delivered to the Assembly, the Senate, and the Governor’s office, evaluating the criminal justice realignment, specifically with regard to offenders under state supervision, as specified.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 3000.08 of the Penal Code, as amended by Section 35 of Chapter 43 of the Statutes of 2012, is amended to read:

3000.08.
 (a) Persons A person released from state prison prior to or on or after July 1, 2013, after serving a prison term or, whose sentence has been deemed served pursuant to Section 2900.5, for any of the following crimes shall be subject to parole supervision by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the jurisdiction of the court in the county where the parolee is released or resides for the purpose of hearing petitions to revoke parole and impose a term of custody:
(1) A serious felony as described in subdivision (c) of Section 1192.7.
(2) A violent felony as described in subdivision (c) of Section 667.5.
(3) A crime for which the person was sentenced pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 667 or paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 1170.12.
(4) Any A crime where the person eligible for release from prison is classified as a High Risk Sex Offender.
(5) Any A crime where the person is required, as a condition of parole, to undergo treatment by the State Department of State Hospitals pursuant to Section 2962.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, all other offenders released from prison shall be placed on postrelease supervision pursuant to Title 2.05 (commencing with Section 3450).
(c) At any time during the period of parole of a person subject to this section, if any a parole agent or peace officer has probable cause to believe that the parolee is violating any a term or condition of his or her parole, the agent or officer may, without warrant or other process and at any time until the final disposition of the case, arrest the person and bring him or her before the court, or the court may, in its discretion, issue a warrant for that person’s arrest pursuant to Section 1203.2.
(d) Upon review of the alleged violation and a finding of good cause that the parolee has committed a violation of law or violated his or her conditions of parole, the supervising parole agency may impose additional and appropriate conditions of supervision, including rehabilitation and treatment services and appropriate incentives for compliance, and impose immediate, structured, and intermediate sanctions for parole violations, including flash incarceration in a county jail. Periods of “flash incarceration,” as defined in subdivision (e) are encouraged as one method of punishment for violations of a parolee’s conditions of parole. Nothing in this section is intended to preclude referrals to a reentry court pursuant to Section 3015.
(e) “Flash incarceration” is a period of detention in county jail due to a violation of a parolee’s conditions of parole. The length of the detention period can range between one and 10 consecutive days. Shorter, but if necessary more frequent, periods of detention for violations of a parolee’s conditions of parole shall appropriately punish a parolee while preventing the disruption in a work or home establishment that typically arises from longer periods of detention.
(f) If the supervising parole agency has determined, following application of its assessment processes, that intermediate sanctions up to and including flash incarceration are not appropriate, the supervising parole agency shall, pursuant to Section 1203.2, petition the court in the county in which the parolee is being supervised to revoke parole. At any point during the process initiated pursuant to this section, a parolee may waive, in writing, his or her right to counsel, admit the parole violation, waive a court hearing, and accept the proposed parole modification or revocation. The petition shall include a written report that contains additional information regarding the petition, including the relevant terms and conditions of parole, the circumstances of the alleged underlying violation, the history and background of the parolee, and any recommendations. The Judicial Council shall adopt forms and rules of court to establish uniform statewide procedures to implement this subdivision, including the minimum contents of supervision agency reports. Upon a finding that the person has violated the conditions of parole, the court shall have authority to do any of the following:
(1) Return the person to parole supervision with modifications of conditions, if appropriate, including a period of incarceration in county jail.
(2) Revoke parole and order the person to confinement in the county jail.
(3) Refer the person to a reentry court pursuant to Section 3015 or other evidence-based program in the court’s discretion.
(4) Revoke parole and order the person returned to state prison for a period of time not to exceed one year.
(g) Confinement pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (f) shall not exceed a period of 180 days in the county jail.
(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, in any case where Section 3000.1 or paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) of Section 3000 applies to a person who is on parole and the court determines that the person has committed a violation of law or violated his or her conditions of parole, the person on parole shall be remanded to the custody of the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and the jurisdiction of the Board of Parole Hearings for the purpose of future parole consideration.
(i) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), any of the following persons released from state prison shall be subject to the jurisdiction of, and parole supervision by, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation for a period of parole up to three years or the parole term the person was subject to at the time of the commission of the offense, whichever is greater:
(1) The person is required to register as a sex offender pursuant to Chapter 5.5 (commencing with Section 290) of Title 9 of Part 1, and was subject to a period of parole exceeding three years at the time he or she committed a felony for which they were he or she was convicted and subsequently sentenced to state prison.
(2) The person was subject to parole for life pursuant to Section 3000.1 at the time of the commission of the offense that resulted in a conviction and state prison sentence.
(j) Parolees subject to this section who have a pending adjudication for a parole violation on July 1, 2013, shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Board of Parole Hearings. Parole revocation proceedings conducted by the Board of Parole Hearings prior to July 1, 2013, if reopened on or after July 1, 2013, shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the Board of Parole Hearings.
(k) Except as described in subdivision (c), any a person who is convicted of a felony that requires community supervision and who still has a period of state parole to serve shall discharge from state parole at the time of release to community supervision.
(l) This section shall become operative on July 1, 2013.

SEC. 2.

 Section 3056 of the Penal Code is amended to read:

3056.
 (a) Prisoners A prisoner on parole shall remain under the supervision of the department but shall not be returned to prison except as provided in subdivision (b) or as provided by subdivision (f) of Section 3000.08 or subdivision (c) of Section 3000.09. A parolee awaiting a parole revocation hearing may be housed in a county jail while awaiting revocation proceedings. If a parolee is housed in a county jail, he or she shall be housed in the county in which he or she was arrested or the county in which a petition to revoke parole has been filed or, if there is no county jail in that county, in the housing facility with which that county has contracted to house jail inmates. Additionally, except as provided by subdivision (c) of Section 3000.09, upon revocation of parole, a parolee may be housed in a county jail for a maximum of 180 days per revocation. When housed in county facilities, parolees shall be under the sole legal custody and jurisdiction of local county facilities. A parolee shall remain under the sole legal custody and jurisdiction of the local county or local correctional administrator, even if placed in an alternative custody program in lieu of incarceration, including, but not limited to, work furlough and electronic home detention. When a parolee is under the legal custody and jurisdiction of a county facility awaiting parole revocation proceedings or upon revocation, he or she shall not be under the parole supervision or jurisdiction of the department. When released from the county facility or county alternative custody program following a period of custody for revocation of parole or because no violation of parole is found, the parolee shall be returned to the parole supervision of the department for the duration of parole.
(b) Inmates paroled pursuant to Section 3000.1 may be returned to prison following the revocation of parole by the Board of Parole Hearings until July 1, 2013, and thereafter by a court pursuant to Section 3000.08.
(c) A parolee who is subject to subdivision (a) but who is under 18 years of age may be housed in a facility of the Division of Juvenile Facilities.

SEC. 3.

 On or before January 1, 2015, the Legislative Analyst’s Office shall produce a report, to be delivered to the Assembly, the Senate, and the Governor’s office, evaluating the criminal justice realignment, specifically with regard to offenders under state supervision, including rates of recidivism, figures on violation of parole, the type and severity of reoffense leading to return to state prison, the history of parole violation in those cases leading to a return to state prison, and the adequacy of county facilities to confine parole violators.