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AB-2101 Juvenile Rehabilitation Training Camp Pilot Program.(2011-2012)



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AB2101:v99#DOCUMENT


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2011–2012 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 2101


Introduced  by  Assembly Member Achadjian
(Coauthor(s): Assembly Member Alejo)

February 23, 2012


An act to add and repeal Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 1567.10) of Chapter 3 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code, and to amend Section 11400 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, relating to care facilities.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 2101, as introduced, Achadjian. Juvenile Rehabilitation Training Camp Pilot Program.
Existing law establishes various programs for juveniles deemed to be wards of the court as a result of the commission of certain offenses.
Existing law, the Community Care Facilities Act, provides for the licensure and regulation of community care and residential facilities by the State Department of Social Services. Violation of the act is a misdemeanor.
This bill would establish a residential training camp pilot program, to be known as the Juvenile Rehabilitation Training Camp Pilot Program, for the purpose of providing an alternative placement option for male juveniles who commit specified offenses. The bill would authorize any program in San Luis Obispo County that meets specified criteria to be licensed and funded as a group home to the extent permitted by federal law and the California Constitution. The bill would exempt the program from certain requirements governing group homes. By requiring the program to comply with the Community Care Facilities Act, except as specified, the bill would expand the scope of an existing crime, thereby creating a state-mandated local program.
This bill would require the State Department of Social Services to provide a report with specified information to the Legislature on or before January 1, 2018, and a 2nd report with recommendations to the Legislature on or before January 1, 2023, relating to the operation of the program.
The bill would repeal these provisions on January 1, 2023.
This bill would make legislative findings and declarations as to the necessity of a special statute for San Luis Obispo County.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 1567.10) is added to Chapter 3 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code, to read:
Article  8.5. Juvenile Rehabilitation Training Camp Pilot Program

1567.10.
 (a) There is hereby established a pilot program that shall be known as the Juvenile Rehabilitation Training Camp Pilot Program.
(b) Any program in San Luis Obispo County that meets all of the following requirements may, to the extent permitted by federal law and the California Constitution, be licensed and funded as a group home pursuant to this chapter:
(1) The program is instructed by qualified individuals and has an emphasis on academics, physical fitness, and transforming the criminal mindset.
(2) The program provides individual and group counseling and leadership training.
(3) The program previously operated as a group home in San Luis Obispo County.
(4) The program serves up to 60 individuals.
(c) Any program licensed as a group home pursuant to this section shall comply with all statutes and regulations governing group homes, except, to the extent permitted under federal law and the California Constitution, as follows:
(1) Only individuals who are authorized to have more than incidental contact with a juvenile, including persons providing supervisory, coaching, or counseling services, group home applicants and administrators, and individuals described in subparagraphs (E) and (F) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 1522, shall be subject to the requirements of Section 1522.
(2) Inspection and visitor policies shall, to the extent practicable and appropriate, allow for inspection by the department and family access to participants in accordance with orders from the juvenile court and the probation department having jurisdiction over program participants.
(3) The program may be conducted in an open dormitory setting.
(4) The participants of the program shall attend an onsite school supported by credentialed teachers.
(5) Policies relating to meals, clothing, and supervision shall be commensurate with the needs of the program participants.
(6) The program may be established on a military base.
(d) At no time and in no instance shall physical or chemical force, or physical or mental intimidation or coercion, be used for punishment, behavior modification, or any other purpose in the program, unless specifically in response to an emergency situation in which a participant or staff person faces imminent physical harm, and in accordance with use-of-force policies adopted by the department.

1567.11.
 (a) To the extent permitted by federal law and the California Constitution, any male minor found to have committed a felony offense or a misdemeanor offense pursuant to Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code may, at the court’s discretion, be committed to placement in the program established pursuant to this article. No minor shall be placed in the program who is under the jurisdiction of the court solely because of abuse or neglect.
(b) In order to be eligible to participate in the program, a male minor shall meet all of the following criteria:
(1) The minor shall be between 13 and 17 years of age, inclusive.
(2) The minor shall be assessed to determine whether he is physically and psychologically suitable to participate in the program. The assessment shall also include a determination as to the availability of space in the program, as well as the minor’s preference.
(c) If, for any reason, the minor is found to be unsuitable for placement in the program, or continuation in the program, he shall be returned to the juvenile court for further disposition.

1567.12.
 (a) The department shall submit to the Legislature, by January 1, 2018, a report that includes all of the following:
(1) The number of participants successfully completing the program.
(2) The arrest, reincarceration, and probation violation rates of wards or former wards who successfully completed the program.
(3) The cost of the program per participant.
(4) A description of the programs and services provided.
(5) Any other information that the department deems relevant.
(b) The department shall submit to the Legislature, by January 1, 2023, a report that includes the following:
(1) The information specified in subdivision (a).
(2) Recommendations regarding continuing or discontinuing the program.
(c) The reports submitted pursuant to subdivisions (a) and (b) shall comply with Section 9795 of the Government Code.

1567.13.
 This article shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2023, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2023, deletes or extends that date.

SEC. 2.

 Section 11400 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

11400.
 For the purposes of this article, the following definitions shall apply:
(a) “Aid to Families with Dependent Children-Foster Care (AFDC-FC)” means the aid provided on behalf of needy children in foster care under the terms of this division.
(b) “Case plan” means a written document that, at a minimum, specifies the type of home in which the child shall be placed, the safety of that home, and the appropriateness of that home to meet the child’s needs. It shall also include the agency’s plan for ensuring that the child receive proper care and protection in a safe environment, and shall set forth the appropriate services to be provided to the child, the child’s family, and the foster parents, in order to meet the child’s needs while in foster care, and to reunify the child with the child’s family. In addition, the plan shall specify the services that will be provided or steps that will be taken to facilitate an alternate permanent plan if reunification is not possible.
(c) “Certified family home” means a family residence certified by a licensed foster family agency and issued a certificate of approval by that agency as meeting licensing standards, and used only by that foster family agency for placements.
(d) “Family home” means the family residency of a licensee in which 24-hour care and supervision are provided for children.
(e) “Small family home” means any residential facility, in the licensee’s family residence, which provides 24-hour care for six or fewer foster children who have mental disorders or developmental or physical disabilities and who require special care and supervision as a result of their disabilities.
(f) “Foster care” means the 24-hour out-of-home care provided to children whose own families are unable or unwilling to care for them, and who are in need of temporary or long-term substitute parenting.
(g) “Foster family agency” means any individual or organization engaged in the recruiting, certifying, and training of, and providing professional support to, foster parents, or in finding homes or other places for placement of children for temporary or permanent care who require that level of care as an alternative to a group home. Private foster family agencies shall be organized and operated on a nonprofit basis.
(h) (1) “Group home” means a nondetention privately operated residential home, organized and operated on a nonprofit basis only, of any capacity, or a nondetention licensed residential care home operated by the County of San Mateo with a capacity of up to 25 beds, that provides services in a group setting to children in need of care and supervision, as required by paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code.
(2) “Group home” also means a group home as described in Article 8.5 (commencing with Section 1567.10) of Chapter 3 of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code.
(i) “Periodic review” means review of a child’s status by the juvenile court or by an administrative review panel, that shall include a consideration of the safety of the child, a determination of the continuing need for placement in foster care, evaluation of the goals for the placement and the progress toward meeting these goals, and development of a target date for the child’s return home or establishment of alternative permanent placement.
(j) “Permanency planning hearing” means a hearing conducted by the juvenile court in which the child’s future status, including whether the child shall be returned home or another permanent plan shall be developed, is determined.
(k) “Placement and care” refers to the responsibility for the welfare of a child vested in an agency or organization by virtue of the agency or organization having (1) been delegated care, custody, and control of a child by the juvenile court, (2) taken responsibility, pursuant to a relinquishment or termination of parental rights on a child, (3) taken the responsibility of supervising a child detained by the juvenile court pursuant to Section 319 or 636, or (4) signed a voluntary placement agreement for the child’s placement; or to the responsibility designated to an individual by virtue of his or her being appointed the child’s legal guardian.
(l) “Preplacement preventive services” means services that are designed to help children remain with their families by preventing or eliminating the need for removal.
(m) “Relative” means an adult who is related to the child by blood, adoption, or affinity within the fifth degree of kinship, including stepparents, stepsiblings, and all relatives whose status is preceded by the words “great,” “great-great,” or “grand” or the spouse of any of these persons even if the marriage was terminated by death or dissolution.
(n) “Nonrelative extended family member” means an adult caregiver who has an established familial or mentoring relationship with the child, as described in Section 362.7.
(o) “Voluntary placement” means an out-of-home placement of a child by (1) the county welfare department, probation department, or Indian tribe that has entered into an agreement pursuant to Section 10553.1, after the parents or guardians have requested the assistance of the county welfare department and have signed a voluntary placement agreement; or (2) the county welfare department licensed public or private adoption agency, or the department acting as an adoption agency, after the parents have requested the assistance of either the county welfare department, the licensed public or private adoption agency, or the department acting as an adoption agency for the purpose of adoption planning, and have signed a voluntary placement agreement.
(p) “Voluntary placement agreement” means a written agreement between either the county welfare department, probation department, or Indian tribe that has entered into an agreement pursuant to Section 10553.1, licensed public or private adoption agency, or the department acting as an adoption agency, and the parents or guardians of a child that specifies, at a minimum, the following:
(1) The legal status of the child.
(2) The rights and obligations of the parents or guardians, the child, and the agency in which the child is placed.
(q) “Original placement date” means the most recent date on which the court detained a child and ordered an agency to be responsible for supervising the child or the date on which an agency assumed responsibility for a child due to termination of parental rights, relinquishment, or voluntary placement.
(r) “Transitional housing placement facility” means either of the following:
(1) A community care facility licensed by the State Department of Social Services pursuant to Section 1559.110 of the Health and Safety Code to provide transitional housing opportunities to persons at least 16 years of age, and not more than 18 years of age and, on or after January 1, 2012, any nonminor dependent who has not attained 19 years of age, as described in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 11403.2, may remain in the facility if it is in their best interests in order to complete high school or its equivalent, or to finish the high school year prior to their 19th birthday. These provisions shall apply to those who are in out-of-home placement under the supervision of the county department of social services or the county probation department, and who are participating in an independent living program.
(2) A facility certified to provide transitional housing services pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 1559.110 of the Health and Safety Code.
(s) “Transitional housing placement program” means a program that provides supervised housing opportunities to eligible youth and nonminor dependents pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 16522) of Chapter 5 of Part 4.
(t) “Whole family foster home” means a new or existing family home, approved relative caregiver or nonrelative extended family member’s home, the home of a nonrelated legal guardian whose guardianship was established pursuant to Section 366.26 or 360, certified family home that provides foster care for a minor or nonminor dependent parent and his or her child, and is specifically recruited and trained to assist the minor or nonminor dependent parent in developing the skills necessary to provide a safe, stable, and permanent home for his or her child. The child of the minor or nonminor dependent parent need not be the subject of a petition filed pursuant to Section 300 to qualify for placement in a whole family foster home.
(u) “Mutual agreement” means a written voluntary agreement of consent for continued placement and care in a supervised setting between a minor or, on and after January 1, 2012, a nonminor dependent, and the county welfare services or probation department or tribal agency responsible for the foster care placement, that documents the nonminor’s continued willingness to remain in supervised out-of-home placement under the placement and care of the responsible county or tribal agency, remain under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court as a nonminor dependent, and report any change of circumstances relevant to continued eligibility for foster care payments, and that documents the nonminor’s and social worker’s or probation officer’s agreement to work together to facilitate implementation of the mutually developed supervised placement agreement and transitional independent living case plan.
(v) “Nonminor dependent” means, on and after January 1, 2012, a foster child, as described in Section 675(8)(B) of Title 42 of the United States Code under the federal Social Security Act who is a current dependent child or ward of the juvenile court, or a nonminor under the transition jurisdiction of the juvenile court, as described in Section 450, who satisfies all of the following criteria:
(1) He or she has attained 18 years of age while under an order of foster care placement by the juvenile court, and is younger than 19 years of age as of January 1, 2012, younger than 20 years of age as of January 1, 2013, or younger than 21 years of age as of January 1, 2014.
(2) He or she is in foster care under the placement and care responsibility of the county welfare department, county probation department, or Indian tribe that entered into an agreement pursuant to Section 10553.1.
(3) He or she is participating in a transitional independent living case plan pursuant to Section 475(8) of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 675(8)), as contained in the federal Fostering Connections to Success and Increasing Adoptions Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-351), as described in Section 11403.
(w) “Supervised independent living setting” means, on and after January 1, 2012, a supervised setting, as specified in a nonminor dependent’s transitional independent living case plan, in which the youth is living independently, pursuant to Section 472(c)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. Sec. 672(c)(2)).
(x) “THP-Plus Foster Care” means, on and after January 1, 2012, a placement that offers supervised housing opportunities and supportive services to eligible nonminor dependents at least 18 years of age, on and after January 1, 2013, 19 years of age, and on and after January 1, 2014, 20 years of age, and not more than 21 years of age, who are in out-of-home placement under the placement and care responsibility of the county welfare department or the county probation department or Indian tribe that entered into an agreement pursuant to Section 10553.1, and who are described in paragraphs (3) and (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 11403.2.
(y) “Transitional independent living case plan” means, on or after January 1, 2012, the nonminor dependent’s case plan, updated every six months, that describes the goals and objectives of how the nonminor will make progress in the transition to living independently and assume incremental responsibility for adult decisionmaking, the collaborative efforts between the nonminor and the social worker, probation officer, or Indian tribe and the supportive services as described in the transitional independent living plan (TILP) to ensure active and meaningful participation in one or more of the eligibility criteria described in subdivision (b) of Section 11403, the nonminor’s appropriate supervised placement setting, and the nonminor’s permanent plan for transition to living independently, which includes maintaining or obtaining permanent connections to caring and committed adults, as set forth in paragraph (16) of subdivision (f) of Section 16501.1.
(z) “Voluntary reentry agreement” means a written voluntary agreement between a former dependent child or ward or a former nonminor dependent, who has had juvenile court jurisdiction terminated pursuant to Section 391, 452 or 607.2, and the county welfare or probation department or tribal placing agency that documents the nonminor’s desire and willingness to reenter foster care, to be placed in a supervised setting under the placement and care responsibility of the placing agency, the nonminor’s desire, willingness, and ability to immediately participate in one or more of the conditions of paragraphs (1) to (5), inclusive, of subdivision (b) of Section 11403, the nonminor’s agreement to work collaboratively with the placing agency to develop his or her transitional independent living case plan within 60 days of reentry, the nonminor’s agreement to report any changes of circumstances relevant to continued eligibility for foster care payments, and the nonminor’s agreement to participate in the filing of a petition for juvenile court jurisdiction as a nonminor dependent pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 388 within 15 judicial days of the signing of the agreement and the placing agency’s efforts and supportive services to assist the nonminor in the reentry process.

SEC. 3.

 The Legislature finds and declares that a special law is necessary and that a general law cannot be made applicable within the meaning of Section 16 of Article IV of the California Constitution because of the unique circumstances with respect to options for juvenile placement in San Luis Obispo County.

SEC. 4.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.