Bill Text

PDF |Add To My Favorites |Track Bill | print page

SB-44 Medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles: comprehensive strategy.(2019-2020)

SHARE THIS:share this bill in Facebookshare this bill in Twitter
Date Published: 03/07/2019 09:00 PM
SB44:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  March 07, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 44


Introduced by Senator Skinner

December 03, 2018


An act relating to vehicles. An act to add Section 43024.2 to the Health and Safety Code, relating to vehicular air pollution.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 44, as amended, Skinner. Vehicles: traffic violations. Medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles: comprehensive strategy.
The California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 designates the State Air Resources Board as the state agency charged with monitoring and regulating sources of emissions of greenhouse gases. The act authorizes the state board to include the use of market-based compliance mechanisms. Existing law requires all moneys, except for fines and penalties, collected by the state board as part of a market-based compliance mechanism to be deposited in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund and to be available upon appropriation by the Legislature.
The California Clean Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment Technology Program, upon appropriation from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund, funds zero- and near-zero-emission truck, bus, and off-road vehicle and equipment technologies and related projects.
This bill would require the state board, no later than January 1, 2021, to develop a comprehensive strategy for the deployment of medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles in the state that results in bringing the state into compliance with federal ambient air quality standards, a reduction of motor vehicle greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030, and reduction of motor vehicle greenhouse gas emissions by 80% by 2050, as specified. The bill would authorize the state board to establish a process to identify medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicle segments that can more quickly reduce motor vehicle emissions, consistent with the California Clean Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment Technology Program and a beachhead market analysis. The bill, if the state board does that identification, would require the state board to implement additional emissions reduction strategies and motor vehicle deployment goals consistent with the comprehensive strategy.
This bill would state that an unspecified amount of the annual proceeds of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund will be appropriated in each annual Budget Act through the 2024–25 fiscal year to the state board for the California Clean Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment Technology Program to support the commercialization of medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles that reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Existing law establishes various offenses for violations of traffic laws.

This bill would state the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation relating to penalties for traffic violations.

Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NOYES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Diesel-fueled trucks are responsible for 33 percent of statewide oxides of nitrogen emissions annually. These same trucks emit more particulate matter than all of the state’s power plants.
(b) People who live near freeways and busy roadways are at high risk for exposure to these health-threatening air pollutants emitted by these medium- and heavy-duty vehicles.
(c) In 1998, the State Air Resources Board identified diesel particulate matter as a toxic air contaminant based on published evidence of a relationship between diesel exhaust exposure and lung cancer.
(d) Diesel particulate matter also contributes to noncancer health effects, like premature death, hospitalizations, and emergency department visits for exacerbated chronic heart and lung disease, including asthma, increased respiratory symptoms, and decreased lung function in children.
(e) Children are particularly vulnerable to the negative effect of diesel because they have higher respiration rates than adults and can increase their exposure to air pollutants relative to their body weight.
(f) Children exposed to high levels of diesel exhaust are five times more likely than other children to have underdeveloped lungs.
(g) Increased respiratory symptoms, such as cough wheeze, runny nose, and doctor-diagnosed asthma, have been linked to traffic exposure.
(h) Studies have shown that children who live in high-density traffic areas have higher rates of doctor visits for asthma and increased use of asthma medication than children who live near low-density traffic areas.
(i) Reducing emissions of these pollutants can have an immediate beneficial impact on air quality and on public health.
(j) The largest source of the state’s greenhouse gas emissions comes from the transportation sector, accounting for nearly 50 percent of statewide emissions.
(k) While diesel-fueled trucks and buses make up just 3 percent of the vehicles on the state’s roads, they produce 23 percent of greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.
(l) The state can effectively reduce health-threatening criteria air pollution and climate-threatening greenhouse gas emissions by outlining a clear path to convert medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicle segments, as well as off-road equipment, to cleaner technologies and fuels.
(m) Providing consistent, multiyear funding is imperative to reduced emissions of criteria air pollutants and greenhouse gases associated with medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles where this technology is commercially available but still costs a premium and to help support commercialization paths for new technologies that are not currently market ready.

SEC. 2.

 Section 43024.2 is added to the Health and Safety Code, to read:

43024.2.
 (a) No later than January 1, 2021, the state board shall develop a comprehensive strategy for the deployment of medium duty and heavy-duty vehicles in the state to meet the following:
(1) Bringing the state into compliance with federal ambient air quality standards.
(2) A reduction of motor vehicle greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2030.
(3) A reduction of motor vehicle greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent by 2050.
(b) In developing the comprehensive strategy, the state board shall do all of the following:
(1) Seek to maximize the reduction of criteria air pollutants.
(2) Identify regulation that could improve market acceptance, spur technology advancements, and reduce technology costs.
(3) Identify research needs to address any data gaps.
(4) Identify areas where the state should coordinate with other state agencies, districts, utilities providers, and technology providers to implement measures identified as part of the comprehensive strategy.
(5) Identify benefits to low-income communities and communities disproportionally impacted by diesel pollution.
(6) Identify policies that provide advantages to fleets that reduce greenhouse gas emissions early.
(c) (1) The state board, through a public process, may establish a process to identify medium duty and heavy-duty vehicle segments that can more quickly reduce motor vehicle emissions, consistent with the state board’s three-year heavy-duty vehicle investment strategy required pursuant to the California Clean Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment Technology Program, established pursuant to Section 39719.2, and with a beachhead market analysis.
(2) Following the process described in paragraph (1), the state board shall implement additional emissions reduction strategies and motor vehicle deployment goals consistent with subdivision (a).

SEC. 3.

 ____ of the annual proceeds of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund, created pursuant to Section 16428.8 of the Government Code, shall be appropriated in the annual Budget Act beginning in the 2019–20 fiscal year through the 2024–25 fiscal year, inclusive, to the State Air Resources Board for programs established pursuant to the California Clean Truck, Bus, and Off-Road Vehicle and Equipment Technology Program, established pursuant to Section 39719.2 of the Health and Safety Code, to support the commercialization of medium-duty and heavy-duty vehicles that reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
SECTION 1.

It is the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation relating to penalties for traffic violations.