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SB-251 Financial institutions.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 07/30/2019 09:00 PM
SB251:v96#DOCUMENT

Senate Bill No. 251
CHAPTER 143

An act to amend Sections 7502.1, 7522, 7582.2, 7742, 10131.3, 10166.07, 10177, 10232.4, 10239, 11000.1, 11243, 17537.2, and 20009 of the Business and Professions Code, to amend Sections 1770, 1916.5, 2924, and 2953 of the Civil Code, to amend Sections 336a and 580e of the Code of Civil Procedure, to amend Section 9201 of the Commercial Code, to amend Sections 191, 500, 1001, 1300, 1502.1, 2011, 2117.1, 7813.5, 8011.5, 8723, 12504, 12532, 12662, 13205, 13406, 13408.5, 14312, 15911.21, 17707.07, 17711.02, 25004, 25014.6, 25023, 25100, 25102, 25102.1, 25118, 25217, 25300, 25606, 25612.3, 28505, 28715, and 31115 of the Corporations Code, to amend Sections 818, 4970, 4995, 7273, 17303, 18027, 18339, and 18596 of the Financial Code, to amend Sections 1322, 6276.18, 7603, 12657, 12659, and 75030.5 of the Government Code, to amend Sections 760, 771, 828, 845, 845.5, 1192, and 1758.993 of the Insurance Code, to amend Section 186.9 of the Penal Code, to amend Sections 10200 and 11604.5 of the Probate Code, and to amend Section 4734 of the Public Resources Code, relating to financial institutions.

[ Approved by Governor  July 30, 2019. Filed with Secretary of State  July 30, 2019. ]

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 251, Committee on Banking and Financial Institutions. Financial institutions.
(1) Existing law abolishes the office of the Commissioner of Financial Institutions and the Department of Financial Institutions and transfers the powers, duties, responsibilities, and functions thereof to the Commissioner of Business Oversight and the Department of Business Oversight, respectively. Existing law also abolishes the office of the Commissioner of Corporations and the Department of Corporations and transfers the powers, duties, responsibilities, and functions thereof to the Commissioner of Business Oversight and the Department of Business Oversight, respectively.
This bill would make conforming changes in multiple code sections.
(2) Existing federal law abolishes the position of Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision and the Office of Thrift Supervision and transfers all functions and rulemaking authority of those entities relating to the supervision of savings associations to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency and the Comptroller of the Currency, respectively.
This bill would make conforming changes to California law.
(3) Existing law, the Corporate Securities Law of 1968, prescribes qualification and filing requirements for the sale of securities. The law defines “security” for these purposes to include a “viatical settlement contract” and incorporates the definition of the term “viatical settlement contract” as specified in an obsolete provision of law of the Insurance Code.
This bill would, instead, define “viatical settlement contract” for these purposes, similar to the prior definition in the Insurance Code, to mean an agreement between parties regarding a life insurance policy on the life of a third party that meets specified requirements.
(4) Existing federal law, the ICC Termination Act of 1995, abolishes the Interstate Commerce Commission and transfers federal oversight powers regarding railroads to the Surface Transportation Board.
This bill would make conforming changes to California law.
(5) Existing law requires the State Water Resources Control Board to succeed to and be vested with all of the authority, duties, powers, purposes, functions, responsibilities, and jurisdiction of the State Department of Public Health for specified purposes.
This bill would make conforming changes.
(6) Existing law, the Corporate Securities Law of 1968, generally regulates the offer and sale of corporate securities within the state. The law references federal laws, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and the Securities Act of 1933.
This bill would provide that those references are to the respective federal laws as amended.
(7) This bill would make other conforming and nonsubstantive changes to provisions relating to financial institutions and securities.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NO   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 7502.1 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7502.1.
 (a) Any person who violates any provision of this chapter, or who conspires with another person to violate any provision of this chapter, or who knowingly engages a nonexempt unlicensed person to repossess collateral on that person’s behalf is guilty of a misdemeanor, and is punishable by a fine of five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than one year, or by both the fine and imprisonment. In addition, any tow vehicle subject to registration under the Vehicle Code that is used to violate any provision of this chapter is subject to removal and impound pursuant to Section 22850 of the Vehicle Code.
(b) Within existing resources, the Commissioner of Business Oversight and the Director of Motor Vehicles may each designate employees to investigate and report on violations of this chapter by any of the licensees of their respective departments. Those employees may actively cooperate with the bureau in the investigation of those activities.
(c) A proceeding to impose the penalties specified in subdivision (a) may be brought in any court of competent jurisdiction in the name of the people of the State of California by the Attorney General or by any district attorney or city attorney, or with the consent of the district attorney, by the city prosecutor in any city or city and county having a full-time city prosecutor, for the jurisdiction in which the violation occurred. If the action is brought by a district attorney, the penalty collected shall be paid to the treasurer of the county in which the judgment is entered. If the action is brought by a city attorney or city prosecutor, one-half of the penalty collected shall be paid to the treasurer of the city in which the judgment was entered and one-half to the treasurer of the county in which the judgment was entered. If the action is brought by the Attorney General, all of the penalty collected shall be deposited in the Private Security Services Fund.

SEC. 2.

 Section 7522 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7522.
 This chapter does not apply to:
(a) A person employed exclusively and regularly by any employer who does not provide contract security services for other entities or persons, in connection with the affairs of that employer only and where there exists an employer-employee relationship if that person at no time carries or uses any deadly weapon in the performance of that person’s duties. For purposes of this subdivision, “deadly weapon” is defined to include any instrument or weapon of the kind commonly known as a blackjack, slungshot, billy, sandclub, sandbag, metal knuckles, any dirk, dagger, pistol, revolver, or any other firearm, any knife having a blade longer than five inches, any razor with an unguarded blade and any metal pipe or bar used or intended to be used as a club.
(b) An officer or employee of the United States, or of this state or a political subdivision thereof, while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of that officer’s or employee’s official duties, including uniformed peace officers employed part time by a public agency pursuant to a written agreement between a chief of police or sheriff and the public agency, provided the part-time employment does not exceed 50 hours in any calendar month.
(c) A person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information as to the financial rating of persons.
(d) A charitable philanthropic society or association duly incorporated under the laws of this state which is organized and maintained for the public good and not for private profit.
(e) An attorney at law in performing the attorney’s duties as an attorney at law.
(f) Admitted insurers and agents and insurance brokers licensed by the state, performing duties in connection with insurance transacted by them.
(g) Any bank subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Business Oversight under Division 1 (commencing with Section 99) of the Financial Code or the Comptroller of the Currency of the United States.
(h) A person engaged solely in the business of securing information about persons or property from public records.
(i) A peace officer of this state or a political subdivision thereof while the peace officer is employed by a private employer to engage in off-duty employment in accordance with Section 1126 of the Government Code. However, nothing herein shall exempt a peace officer who either contracts for the peace officer’s services or the services of others as a private investigator or contracts for the peace officer’s services as or is employed as an armed private investigator. For purposes of this subdivision, “armed private investigator” means an individual who carries or uses a firearm in the course and scope of that contract or employment.
(j) A licensed insurance adjuster in performing the adjuster’s duties within the scope of the adjuster’s license as an insurance adjuster.
(k) Any savings association subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Business Oversight or the Comptroller of the Currency.
(l) Any secured creditor engaged in the repossession of the creditor’s collateral and any lessor engaged in the repossession of leased property in which it claims an interest.
(m) The act of serving process by an individual who is registered as a process server pursuant to Section 22350.
(n) (1) A person or business engaged in conducting objective observations of consumer purchases of products or services in the public environments of a business establishment by the use of a preestablished questionnaire, provided that person or business entity does not engage in any other activity that requires licensure pursuant to this chapter. The questionnaire may include objective comments.
(2) If a preestablished questionnaire is used as a basis, but not the sole basis, for disciplining or discharging an employee, or for conducting an interview with the employee that might result in the employee being terminated, the employer shall provide the employee with a copy of that questionnaire using the same procedures that an employer is required to follow under Section 2930 of the Labor Code for providing an employee with a copy of a shopping investigator’s report. This subdivision does not exempt from this chapter a person or business described in paragraph (1) if a preestablished questionnaire of that person or business is used as the sole basis for evaluating an employee’s work performance.
(o) Any joint labor-management committee established pursuant to the federal Labor Management Cooperation Act of 1978 (Section 175a of Title 29 of the United States Code), or its employees, where either the committee or employee is performing a function authorized by the federal Labor Management Cooperation Act of 1978, which includes, but is not limited to, monitoring public works projects to ensure that employers are complying with federal and state public works laws.

SEC. 3.

 Section 7582.2 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7582.2.
 This chapter does not apply to the following:
(a) A person who does not meet the requirements to be a proprietary private security officer, as defined in Section 7574.01, and is employed exclusively and regularly by an employer who does not provide contract security services for other entities or persons, in connection with the affairs of the employer only and where there exists an employer-employee relationship if that person at no time carries or uses a deadly weapon in the performance of that person’s duties. For purposes of this subdivision, “deadly weapon” is defined to include an instrument or weapon of the kind commonly known as a blackjack, slungshot, billy, sandclub, sandbag, metal knuckles, a dirk, dagger, pistol, revolver, or any other firearm, a knife having a blade longer than five inches, a razor with an unguarded blade, and a metal pipe or bar used or intended to be used as a club.
(b) An officer or employee of the United States or of this state or a political subdivision thereof, while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of the officer’s or employee’s official duties, including uniformed peace officers employed part time by a public agency pursuant to a written agreement between a chief of police or sheriff and the public agency, provided the part-time employment does not exceed 50 hours in any calendar month.
(c) A person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information as to the financial rating of persons.
(d) A charitable philanthropic society or association duly incorporated under the laws of this state that is organized and maintained for the public good and not for private profit.
(e) Patrol special police officers appointed by the police commission of a city, county, or city and county under the express terms of its charter who also under the express terms of the charter (1) are subject to suspension or dismissal after a hearing on charges duly filed with the commission after a fair and impartial trial, (2) must be not less than 18 years of age nor more than 40 years of age, (3) must possess physical qualifications prescribed by the commission, and (4) are designated by the police commission as the owners of a certain beat or territory as may be fixed from time to time by the police commission.
(f) An attorney at law in performing the attorney’s duties as an attorney at law.
(g) A collection agency, or an employee thereof while acting within the scope of the employee’s employment, while making an investigation incidental to the business of the agency, including an investigation of the location of a debtor or the debtor’s property where the contract with an assignor creditor is for the collection of claims owed or due or asserted to be owed or due or the equivalent thereof.
(h) Admitted insurers and agents and insurance brokers licensed by the state, performing duties in connection with insurance transacted by them.
(i) A bank subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Business Oversight under Division 1 (commencing with Section 99) of the Financial Code or the Comptroller of the Currency of the United States.
(j) A person engaged solely in the business of securing information about persons or property from public records.
(k) A peace officer of this state or a political subdivision thereof while the peace officer is employed by a private employer to engage in off-duty employment in accordance with Section 1126 of the Government Code. However, nothing herein shall exempt a peace officer who either contracts for the peace officer’s services or the services of others as a private patrol operator or contracts for the peace officer’s services as or is employed as an armed private security officer. For purposes of this subdivision, “armed security officer” means an individual who carries or uses a firearm in the course and scope of that contract or employment.
(l) A retired peace officer of the state or political subdivision thereof when the retired peace officer is employed by a private employer in employment approved by the chief law enforcement officer of the jurisdiction where the employment takes place, provided that the retired officer is in a uniform of a public law enforcement agency, has registered with the bureau on a form approved by the director, and has met any training requirements or their equivalent as established for security personnel under Section 7583.5. This officer may not carry an unloaded and exposed handgun unless the officer is exempted under the provisions of Article 2 (commencing with Section 26361) of Chapter 6 of Division 5 of Title 4 of Part 6 of the Penal Code, may not carry an unloaded firearm that is not a handgun unless the officer is exempted under the provisions of Article 2 (commencing with Section 26405) of Chapter 7 of Division 5 of Title 4 of Part 6 of the Penal Code, and may not carry a loaded or concealed firearm unless the officer is exempted under the provisions of Article 2 (commencing with Section 25450) of Chapter 2 of Division 5 of Title 4 of Part 6 of the Penal Code or Sections 25900 to 25910, inclusive, of the Penal Code or has met the requirements set forth in subdivision (d) of Section 26030 of the Penal Code. However, nothing herein shall exempt the retired peace officer who contracts for the officer’s services or the services of others as a private patrol operator.
(m) A licensed insurance adjuster in performing the adjuster’s duties within the scope of the adjuster’s license as an insurance adjuster.
(n) A savings association subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Business Oversight or the Comptroller of the Currency.
(o) A secured creditor engaged in the repossession of the creditor’s collateral and a lessor engaged in the repossession of leased property in which it claims an interest.
(p) A peace officer in official police uniform acting in accordance with subdivisions (c) and (d) of Section 70 of the Penal Code.
(q) An unarmed, uniformed security person employed exclusively and regularly by a motion picture studio facility employer who does not provide contract security services for other entities or persons in connection with the affairs of that employer only and where there exists an employer-employee relationship if that person at no time carries or uses a deadly weapon, as defined in subdivision (a), in the performance of that person’s duties, which may include, but are not limited to, the following business purposes:
(1) The screening and monitoring access of employees of the same employer.
(2) The screening and monitoring access of prearranged and preauthorized invited guests.
(3) The screening and monitoring of vendors and suppliers.
(4) Patrolling the private property facilities for the safety and welfare of all who have been legitimately authorized to have access to the facility.
(r) The changes made to this section by the act adding this subdivision during the 2005–06 Regular Session of the Legislature shall apply as follows:
(1) On and after July 1, 2006, to a person hired as a security officer on and after January 1, 2006.
(2) On and after January 1, 2007, to a person hired as a security officer before January 1, 2006.

SEC. 4.

 Section 7742 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7742.
 Nothing in this article shall apply to any arrangement, contract, or plan for the issuance of securities now or hereafter authorized under a permit of the Commissioner of Business Oversight of this state.

SEC. 5.

 Section 10131.3 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

10131.3.
 A real estate broker within the meaning of this part is also a person who, for another or others, for compensation or in expectation of compensation, issues or sells, solicits prospective sellers or purchasers of, solicits or obtains listings of, or negotiates the purchase, sale, or exchange of securities as specified in Section 25206 of the Corporations Code.
The provisions of this section do not apply to a broker-dealer or agent of a broker-dealer licensed by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under the provisions of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968.

SEC. 6.

 Section 10166.07 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

10166.07.
 (a) A real estate broker who acts pursuant to Section 10131.1 or subdivision (d) or (e) of Section 10131, and who makes, arranges, or services one or more loans in a calendar year that are secured by real property containing one to four residential units, shall annually file a business activities report, within 90 days after the end of the broker’s fiscal year or within any additional time as the commissioner may allow for filing for good cause. The report shall contain within its scope all of the following information for the fiscal year, relative to the business activities of the broker and those of any other brokers and real estate salespersons acting under that broker’s supervision:
(1) Name and license number of the supervising broker and names and license numbers of the real estate brokers and salespersons under that broker’s supervision. The report shall include brokers and salespersons who were under the supervising broker’s supervision for all or part of the year.
(2) A list of the real estate-related activities in which the supervising broker and the brokers and salespersons under the supervising broker’s supervision engaged during the prior year. This listing shall identify all of the following:
(A) Activities relating to mortgages, including arranging, making, or servicing.
(B) Other activities performed under the real estate broker’s or salesperson’s license.
(C) Activities performed under related licenses, including, but not limited to, a license to engage as a finance lender or a finance broker under the California Financing Law (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000) of the Financial Code), or a license to engage as a residential mortgage lender or residential mortgage loan servicer under the California Residential Mortgage Lending Act (Division 20 (commencing with Section 50000) of the Financial Code).
(3) A list of the forms of media used by the broker and those under the broker’s supervision to advertise to the public, including print, radio, television, the internet, or other means.
(4) For fixed rate loans made, brokered, or serviced, all of the following:
(A) The total number, aggregate principal amount, lowest interest rate, highest interest rate, and a list of the institutional lenders of record. If the loan was funded by any lender other than an institutional lender, the broker shall categorize the loan as privately funded.
(B) The total number and aggregate principal amount of covered loans, as defined in Section 4970 of the Financial Code.
(C) The total number and aggregate principal amount of loans for which Bureau of Real Estate form RE Form 885 or an equivalent is required.
(5) For adjustable rate loans made, brokered, or serviced, all of the following:
(A) The total number, aggregate principal amount, lowest beginning interest rate, highest beginning interest rate, highest margin, and a list of the institutional lenders of record. If the loan was funded by any lender other than an institutional lender, the broker shall categorize the loan as privately funded.
(B) The total number and aggregate principal amount of covered loans, as defined in Section 4970 of the Financial Code.
(C) The total number and aggregate principal amount of loans for which Bureau of Real Estate form RE Form 885 or an equivalent is required.
(6) For all loans made, brokered, or serviced, the total number and aggregate principal amount of loans funded by institutional lenders, and the total number and aggregate principal amount of loans funded by private lenders.
(7) For all loans made, brokered, or serviced, the total number and aggregate principal amount of loans that included a prepayment penalty, the minimum prepayment penalty length, the maximum prepayment penalty length, and the number of loans with prepayment penalties whose length exceeded the length of time before the borrower’s loan payment amount could increase.
(8) For all loans brokered, the total compensation received by the broker, including yield spread premiums, commissions, and rebates, but excluding compensation used to pay fees for third-party services on behalf of the borrower.
(9) For all mortgage loans made or brokered, the total number of loans for which a mortgage loan disclosure statement was provided in a language other than English, and the number of forms provided per language other than English.
(10) For all mortgage loans serviced, the total amount of funds advanced to be applied toward a payment to protect the security of the note being serviced.
(11) For purposes of this section, an institutional lender has the meaning specified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 10232.
(b) A broker subject to this section and Section 10232.2 may file consolidated reports that include all of the information required under this section and Section 10232.2. Those consolidated reports shall clearly indicate that they are intended to satisfy the requirements of both sections.
(c) If a broker subject to this section fails to timely file the report required under this section, the commissioner may cause an examination and report to be made and may charge the broker one and one-half times the cost of making the examination and report. In determining the hourly cost incurred by the commissioner for conducting an examination and preparing the report, the commissioner may use the estimated average hourly cost for all department audit staff performing audits of real estate brokers. If a broker fails to pay the commissioner’s cost within 60 days of the mailing of a notice of billing, the commissioner may suspend the broker’s license or deny renewal of that license. The suspension or denial shall remain in effect until the billed amount is paid or the broker’s right to renew a license has expired. The commissioner may maintain an action for the recovery of the billed amount in any court of competent jurisdiction.
(d) The report described in this section is exempted from any requirement of public disclosure by paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) of Section 6254 of the Government Code.
(e) The commissioner may waive the requirement to submit certain information described in paragraphs (1) to (10), inclusive, of subdivision (a) if the commissioner determines that this information is duplicative of information required by the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry, pursuant to Section 10166.08.

SEC. 7.

 Section 10177 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

10177.
 The commissioner may suspend or revoke the license of a real estate licensee, delay the renewal of a license of a real estate licensee, or deny the issuance of a license to an applicant, who has done any of the following, or may suspend or revoke the license of a corporation, delay the renewal of a license of a corporation, or deny the issuance of a license to a corporation, if an officer, director, or person owning or controlling 10 percent or more of the corporation’s stock has done any of the following:
(a) Procured, or attempted to procure, a real estate license or license renewal, for themself or a salesperson, by fraud, misrepresentation, or deceit, or by making a material misstatement of fact in an application for a real estate license, license renewal, or reinstatement.
(b) (1) Entered a plea of guilty or no contest to, or been found guilty of, or been convicted of, a felony, or a crime substantially related to the qualifications, functions, or duties of a real estate licensee, and the time for appeal has elapsed or the judgment of conviction has been affirmed on appeal, irrespective of an order granting probation following that conviction, suspending the imposition of sentence, or of a subsequent order under Section 1203.4 of the Penal Code allowing that licensee to withdraw that licensee’s plea of guilty and to enter a plea of not guilty, or dismissing the accusation or information.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), and with the recognition that sentencing may not occur for months or years following the entry of a guilty plea, the commissioner may suspend the license of a real estate licensee upon the entry by the licensee of a guilty plea to any of the crimes described in paragraph (1). If the guilty plea is withdrawn, the suspension shall be rescinded and the license reinstated to its status prior to the suspension. The department shall notify a person whose license is subject to suspension pursuant to this paragraph of that person’s right to have the issue of the suspension heard in accordance with Section 10100.
(c) Knowingly authorized, directed, connived at, or aided in the publication, advertisement, distribution, or circulation of a material false statement or representation concerning their designation or certification of special education, credential, trade organization membership, or business, or concerning a business opportunity or a land or subdivision, as defined in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 11000) of Part 2, offered for sale.
(d) Willfully disregarded or violated the Real Estate Law (Part 1 (commencing with Section 10000)) or Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 11000) of Part 2 or the rules and regulations of the commissioner for the administration and enforcement of the Real Estate Law and Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 11000) of Part 2.
(e) Willfully used the term “realtor” or a trade name or insignia of membership in a real estate organization of which the licensee is not a member.
(f) Acted or conducted themself in a manner that would have warranted the denial of their application for a real estate license, or either had a license denied or had a license issued by another agency of this state, another state, or the federal government revoked, surrendered, or suspended for acts that, if done by a real estate licensee, would be grounds for the suspension or revocation of a California real estate license, if the action of denial, revocation, surrender, or suspension by the other agency or entity was taken only after giving the licensee or applicant fair notice of the charges, an opportunity for a hearing, and other due process protections comparable to the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340), Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 11370), and Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code), and only upon an express finding of a violation of law by the agency or entity.
(g) Demonstrated negligence or incompetence in performing an act for which the officer, director, or person is required to hold a license.
(h) As a broker licensee, failed to exercise reasonable supervision over the activities of that licensee’s salespersons, or, as the officer designated by a corporate broker licensee, failed to exercise reasonable supervision and control of the activities of the corporation for which a real estate license is required.
(i) Used their employment by a governmental agency in a capacity giving access to records, other than public records, in a manner that violates the confidential nature of the records.
(j) Engaged in any other conduct, whether of the same or of a different character than specified in this section, that constitutes fraud or dishonest dealing.
(k) Violated any of the terms, conditions, restrictions, and limitations contained in an order granting a restricted license.
(l) (1) Solicited or induced the sale, lease, or listing for sale or lease of residential property on the grounds, wholly or in part, of loss of value, increase in crime, or decline of the quality of the schools due to the present or prospective entry into the neighborhood of a person or persons having a characteristic listed in subdivision (a) or (d) of Section 12955 of the Government Code, as those characteristics are defined in Sections 12926 and 12926.1 of, subdivision (m) and paragraph (1) of subdivision (p) of Section 12955 of, and Section 12955.2 of, the Government Code.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), with respect to familial status, paragraph (1) shall not be construed to apply to housing for older persons, as defined in Section 12955.9 of the Government Code. With respect to familial status, nothing in paragraph (1) shall be construed to affect Sections 51.2, 51.3, 51.4, 51.10, 51.11, and 799.5 of the Civil Code, relating to housing for senior citizens. Subdivision (d) of Section 51 and Section 4760 of the Civil Code and subdivisions (n), (o), and (p) of Section 12955 of the Government Code shall apply to paragraph (1).
(m) Violated the Franchise Investment Law (Division 5 (commencing with Section 31000) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code) or regulations of the Commissioner of Business Oversight pertaining thereto.
(n) Violated the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 (Division 1 (commencing with Section 25000) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code) or the regulations of the Commissioner of Business Oversight pertaining thereto.
(o) Failed to disclose to the buyer of real property, in a transaction in which the licensee is an agent for the buyer, the nature and extent of a licensee’s direct or indirect ownership interest in that real property. The direct or indirect ownership interest in the property by a person related to the licensee by blood or marriage, by an entity in which the licensee has an ownership interest, or by any other person with whom the licensee has a special relationship shall be disclosed to the buyer.
(p) Violated Article 6 (commencing with Section 10237).
(q) Violated or failed to comply with Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2920) of Title 14 of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code, relating to mortgages.
If a real estate broker that is a corporation has not done any of the foregoing acts, either directly or through its employees, agents, officers, directors, or persons owning or controlling 10 percent or more of the corporation’s stock, the commissioner may not deny the issuance or delay the renewal of a real estate license to, or suspend or revoke the real estate license of, the corporation, provided that any offending officer, director, or stockholder, who has done any of the foregoing acts individually and not on behalf of the corporation, has been completely disassociated from any affiliation or ownership in the corporation. A decision by the commissioner to delay the renewal of a real estate license shall toll the expiration of that license until the results of any pending disciplinary actions against that licensee are final, or until the licensee voluntarily surrenders the licensee’s license, whichever is earlier.

SEC. 8.

 Section 10232.4 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

10232.4.
 (a) In making a solicitation to a particular person and in negotiating with that person to make a loan secured by real property or to purchase a real property sales contract or a note secured by a deed of trust, a real estate broker shall deliver to the person solicited the applicable completed statement described in Section 10232.5 as early as practicable before that person becomes obligated to make the loan or purchase and, except as provided in subdivision (c), before the receipt by or on behalf of the broker of any funds from that person. The statement shall be signed by the prospective lender or purchaser and by the real estate broker, or by a real estate salesperson licensed to the broker, on the broker’s behalf. When so executed, an exact copy shall be given to the prospective lender or purchaser, and the broker shall retain a true copy of the executed statement for a period of three years.
(b) The requirement of delivery of a disclosure statement pursuant to subdivision (a) shall not apply with respect to the following persons:
(1) The prospective purchaser of a security offered under authority of a permit issued pursuant to applicable provisions of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 (Division 1 (commencing with Section 25000) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code) that require that each prospective purchaser of a security be given a prospectus or other form of disclosure statement approved by the department issuing the permit.
(2) The seller of real property who agrees to take back a promissory note of the purchaser as a method of financing all or a part of the purchase of the property.
(3) The prospective purchaser of a security offered pursuant to and in accordance with a regulation duly adopted by the Commissioner of Business Oversight granting an exemption from qualification under the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 for the offering if one of the conditions of the exemption is that each prospective purchaser of the security be given a disclosure statement prescribed by the regulation before the prospective purchaser becomes obligated to purchase the security.
(4) A prospective lender or purchaser, if that lender or purchaser is any of the following:
(A) The United States or any state, district, territory, or commonwealth thereof, or any city, county, city and county, public district, public authority, public corporation, public entity, or political subdivision of a state, district, territory, or commonwealth of the United States, or any agency or corporate or other instrumentality of any one or more of the foregoing, including the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Government National Mortgage Association, the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal Housing Administration, and the Veteran’s Administration.
(B) Any bank or subsidiary thereof, bank holding company or subsidiary thereof, trust company, savings bank or savings and loan association or subsidiary thereof, savings bank or savings association holding company or subsidiary thereof, credit union, industrial bank or industrial loan company, finance lender, or insurance company doing business under the authority of, and in accordance with, the laws of this state, any other state, or of the United States relating to banks, trust companies, savings banks or savings associations, credit unions, industrial banks or industrial loan companies, commercial finance lenders, or insurance companies, as evidenced by a license, certificate, or charter issued by the United States or any state, district, territory, or commonwealth of the United States.
(C) Trustees of pension, profitsharing, or welfare fund, if the pension, profitsharing, or welfare fund has a net worth of not less than fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000).
(D) Any corporation with outstanding securities registered under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or any wholly owned subsidiary of that corporation.
(E) Any syndication or other combination of any of the entities specified in subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D) which is organized to purchase the promissory note.
(F) A licensed real estate broker engaging in the business of selling all or part of the loan, note, or contract to a lender or purchaser to whom no disclosure is required pursuant to this subdivision.
(G) A licensed residential mortgage lender or servicer when acting under the authority of that license.
(c) When the broker has custody of funds of a prospective lender or purchaser which were received and are being maintained with the express permission of the owner and in accordance with law, and the broker retains the funds in an escrow depository or a trust fund account pending receipt of the owner’s express written instructions to disburse the funds for a loan or purchase, the broker shall cause the disclosure statement to be delivered to the owner and shall obtain the owner’s written consent to the proposed disbursement before making the disbursement. Unless the broker has a written agreement with the owner as provided in Section 10231.1, the broker shall transmit to the owner not later than 25 days after receipt, all funds then in the broker’s custody for which the owner has not given written instructions authorizing disbursement.

SEC. 9.

 Section 10239 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

10239.
 The jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Business Oversight under the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 shall be neither limited nor expanded by this article. Nothing in this article shall be construed to supersede or restrict the application of the Corporate Securities Law of 1968. A transaction under this article shall not be construed to be a transaction involving the issuance of securities subject to authorization by the Real Estate Commissioner under subdivision (e) of Section 25100 of the Corporations Code.

SEC. 10.

 Section 11000.1 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

11000.1.
 (a) “Subdivided lands” and “subdivision,” as defined by Sections 11000 and 11004.5, also include improved or unimproved land or lands, a lot or lots, or a parcel or parcels, of any size, in which, for the purpose of sale or lease or financing, whether immediate or future, five or more undivided interests are created or are proposed to be created.
(b) This section does not apply to the creation or proposed creation of undivided interests in land if any one of the following conditions exists:
(1) The undivided interests are held or to be held by persons related one to the other by blood or marriage.
(2) The undivided interests are to be purchased and owned solely by persons who present evidence satisfactory to the Real Estate Commissioner that they are knowledgeable and experienced investors who comprehend the nature and extent of the risks involved in the ownership of these interests. The Real Estate Commissioner shall grant an exemption from this part if the undivided interests are to be purchased by no more than 10 persons, each of whom furnishes a signed statement to the commissioner that the person (A) is fully informed concerning the real property to be acquired and the person’s interest in that property including the risks involved in ownership of undivided interests, (B) is purchasing the interest or interests for the person’s own account and with no present intention to resell or otherwise dispose of the interest for value, and (C) expressly waives protections afforded to a purchaser by this part.
(3) The undivided interests are created as the result of a foreclosure sale.
(4) The undivided interests are created by a valid order or decree of a court.
(5) The offering and sale of the undivided interests have been expressly qualified by the issuance of a permit from the Commissioner of Business Oversight pursuant to the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 (Division 1 (commencing with Section 25000) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code).

SEC. 11.

 Section 11243 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

11243.
 The developer shall comply with the following escrow requirements:
(a) A developer of a time-share plan shall deposit into an escrow account in an acceptable escrow depository 100 percent of all funds that are received during the purchaser’s rescission period. An acceptable escrow depository includes, when qualified to do business in this state, escrow agents licensed by the Commissioner of Business Oversight, banks, trust companies, savings and loan associations, title insurers, and underwritten title companies. The deposit of these funds shall be evidenced by an executed escrow agreement between the escrow agent and the developer that shall include provisions that state the following:
(1) Funds may be disbursed to the developer by the escrow agent from the escrow account only after expiration of the purchaser’s rescission period and in accordance with the purchase contract, subject to subdivision (b).
(2) If a prospective purchaser properly cancels the purchase contract pursuant to its terms, the funds shall be paid to the prospective purchaser or paid to the developer if the prospective purchaser’s funds have been previously refunded by the developer.
(b) If a developer contracts to sell a time-share interest and the construction of any property in which the time-share interest is located has not been completed, the developer, upon expiration of the rescission period, shall continue to maintain in an escrow account all funds received by or on behalf of the developer from the prospective purchaser under the purchase contract. The commissioner shall establish, by regulation, the types of documentation which shall be required for evidence of completion, including, but not limited to, a certificate of occupancy, a certificate of substantial completion, or an inspection by the State Fire Marshal designee or an equivalent public safety inspection agency in the applicable jurisdiction. Unless the developer submits financial assurances, in accordance with subdivision (c), funds shall not be released from escrow until a certificate of occupancy, or its equivalent, has been obtained and the rescission period has passed, and the time-share interest can be transferred free and clear of blanket encumbrances, including mechanics’ liens. Funds to be released from escrow shall be released as follows:
(1) If a prospective purchaser properly cancels the purchase contract pursuant to its terms, the funds shall be paid to the prospective purchaser or paid to the developer if the prospective purchaser’s funds have been previously refunded by the developer.
(2) If a prospective purchaser defaults in the performance of the prospective purchaser’s obligations under the purchase contract, the funds shall be paid to the developer.
(3) If the funds of a prospective purchaser have not been previously disbursed in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision, they may be disbursed to the developer by the escrow agent upon the issuance of acceptable evidence of completion of construction.
(c) In lieu of the provisions in subdivisions (a) and (b), the commissioner may accept from the developer a surety bond, escrow bond, irrevocable letter of credit, or other financial assurance or arrangement acceptable to the commissioner. Any acceptable financial assurance shall be in an amount equal to or in excess of the lesser of (1) the funds that would otherwise be placed in escrow, or (2) in an amount equal to the cost to complete the incomplete property in which the time-share interest is located. However, in no event shall the amount be less than the amount of funds that would otherwise be placed in escrow pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a).
(d) The developer shall provide escrow account information to the commissioner and shall execute in writing an authorization consenting to an audit or examination of the account by the commissioner on forms provided by the commissioner. The developer shall comply with the reconciliation and records requirements established by regulation by the commissioner. The developer shall make documents related to the escrow account or escrow obligation available to the commissioner upon the department’s request. The escrow agent shall maintain any disputed funds in the escrow account until either of the following occurs:
(1) Receipt of written direction agreed to by signature of all parties.
(2) Deposit of the funds with a court of competent jurisdiction in which a civil action regarding the funds has been filed.

SEC. 12.

 Section 17537.2 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

17537.2.
 The following, when used as part of an advertising plan or program defined in Section 17537.1, are deceptive and constitute unfair trade practices:
(a) When, in order to utilize the incentive, the recipient is requested to pay any money to any person or entity named or referred to in the offer, or to purchase, rent, or otherwise pay that person or entity for any product or service including a deposit, whether returnable or not, whether payment is for an item, a service, shipping, handling, insurance or payment for anything.
Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, when the offered incentive is a certificate or coupon redeemable for transportation, accommodations, recreation, vacation, entertainment, or like services, the offer may place a condition on the use of the incentive which requires the recipient to pay directly to the transportation company, the accommodation, recreation, vacation or entertainment facility, or similar direct provider of like services, a refundable deposit, not to exceed fifty dollars ($50), to reserve space availability or admission, only if the deposit shall be returned in United States dollars immediately upon the recipient’s arrival at the location of the provider to whom the recipient paid the deposit. If the incentive is such a certificate or coupon, and if government-imposed taxes directly related to the service being provided are not included in the incentive, the offer itself, in close proximity to the description of the incentive which is evidenced by the certificate or coupon, shall disclose those government-imposed taxes which will be the recipient’s responsibility and the approximate dollar amount of those taxes. A deposit from the recipient may be collected to cover the cost of those government-imposed taxes.
(b) Stating or implying in the offer that the recipient is one of a selected group to receive a particular incentive or one or more of a group of incentives, without clearly and conspicuously disclosing in close proximity to the statement or implied statement of selection the total number of persons in that select group or the odds of receiving the incentive or incentives. Statements of selection which require such disclosure include such phrases as “you are a finalist,” “we are sending this to a limited number of people,” “either you or another named person has won the major prize,” “if you do not respond, your incentive will be given to someone else.”
(c) Stating or implying in the offer that the recipient is likely to receive one or more of the offered incentives because other named people have already received other named incentives, unless the offer clearly and conspicuously discloses in close proximity to the statement the recipient’s odds of receiving the identified incentive.
(d) When the solicitation states or implies that the recipient is likely to receive an incentive which has a normal retail price which is higher than that of another named incentive unless that statement is true. For purposes of this section, a list of incentives implies that the incentives are in descending or ascending order of value unless the solicitation clearly and conspicuously negates the implication in close proximity to the list.
(e) Describing an incentive or incentives in an untrue or misleading manner. Untrue or misleading descriptions include those which imply that the incentive being offered is of greater fair market value or of a different kind or nature than a recipient would be led to believe from a reasonable reading of the offer, or which lists the recipient’s name in close proximity to a specific incentive unless the offer clearly and conspicuously discloses immediately next to or immediately under or above the recipient’s name the recipient’s odds of receiving the specific incentive.
(f) Subdivision (a) shall not apply to an incentive constituting an opportunity to stay at a hotel or other resort accommodations at a discount from the standard rate for the hotel or resort accommodations, if all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The fee to utilize the incentive and the requirement, if any, to attend a sales presentation are clearly and conspicuously disclosed in close proximity to the description of the offered incentive.
(2) A statement appears in close proximity to the description of the offered incentive and in substantially the following form: The recipient is responsible for payment of any government-imposed taxes directly related to the service being provided and any personal expenses incurred when utilizing this offer.
(3) The accommodations to be occupied by the recipient of the incentive are within a 20-mile radius of the property on which the accommodations offered for sale are located or, if not within that radius, the accommodations offered for sale are managed and operated by the same person as, an affiliate (as defined in Section 150 of the Corporations Code) of, or a franchisee (as defined in Section 20002) of, the manager and operator of the accommodations to be occupied, and the manager and operator of the accommodations offered for sale or the manager and operator of the accommodations to be occupied is an issuer or subsidiary of an issuer that has a security listed on a national securities exchange, and the exchange has been certified by rule or order of the Commissioner of Business Oversight under subdivision (o) of Section 25100 of the Corporations Code. A subsidiary of an issuer that qualifies under this paragraph does not itself qualify under this paragraph unless not less than 60 percent of the voting power of its shares is owned by the qualifying issuer or issuers.
(4) If the incentive is offered in conjunction with any additional incentive or incentives or as one or more of a group of incentives, the offer of that additional incentive or incentives shall comply with Section 17537.1 and the following:
(A) The additional incentive or incentives are typically and customarily included in a vacation package and may include, but not be limited to, transportation, dining, entertainment, or recreation.
(B) The fee and additional requirements, if any, to use the additional incentive or incentives are clearly and conspicuously disclosed in close proximity to the description of the offer of them.

SEC. 13.

 Section 20009 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

20009.
 The regulations, releases, guidelines, and interpretive opinions of the Commissioner of Business Oversight under the Franchise Investment Law (Division 5 (commencing with Section 31000) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code) regarding whether or not an agreement constitutes a “franchise” within the meaning of that law shall be prima facie evidence of the scope and extent of coverage of the definition of “franchise” under this chapter; provided, however, the burden of proving an exemption or an exception from a definition is upon the person claiming it.

SEC. 14.

 Section 1770 of the Civil Code is amended to read:

1770.
 (a) The following unfair methods of competition and unfair or deceptive acts or practices undertaken by any person in a transaction intended to result or that results in the sale or lease of goods or services to any consumer are unlawful:
(1) Passing off goods or services as those of another.
(2) Misrepresenting the source, sponsorship, approval, or certification of goods or services.
(3) Misrepresenting the affiliation, connection, or association with, or certification by, another.
(4) Using deceptive representations or designations of geographic origin in connection with goods or services.
(5) Representing that goods or services have sponsorship, approval, characteristics, ingredients, uses, benefits, or quantities that they do not have or that a person has a sponsorship, approval, status, affiliation, or connection that the person does not have.
(6) Representing that goods are original or new if they have deteriorated unreasonably or are altered, reconditioned, reclaimed, used, or secondhand.
(7) Representing that goods or services are of a particular standard, quality, or grade, or that goods are of a particular style or model, if they are of another.
(8) Disparaging the goods, services, or business of another by false or misleading representation of fact.
(9) Advertising goods or services with intent not to sell them as advertised.
(10) Advertising goods or services with intent not to supply reasonably expectable demand, unless the advertisement discloses a limitation of quantity.
(11) Advertising furniture without clearly indicating that it is unassembled if that is the case.
(12) Advertising the price of unassembled furniture without clearly indicating the assembled price of that furniture if the same furniture is available assembled from the seller.
(13) Making false or misleading statements of fact concerning reasons for, existence of, or amounts of, price reductions.
(14) Representing that a transaction confers or involves rights, remedies, or obligations that it does not have or involve, or that are prohibited by law.
(15) Representing that a part, replacement, or repair service is needed when it is not.
(16) Representing that the subject of a transaction has been supplied in accordance with a previous representation when it has not.
(17) Representing that the consumer will receive a rebate, discount, or other economic benefit, if the earning of the benefit is contingent on an event to occur subsequent to the consummation of the transaction.
(18) Misrepresenting the authority of a salesperson, representative, or agent to negotiate the final terms of a transaction with a consumer.
(19) Inserting an unconscionable provision in the contract.
(20) Advertising that a product is being offered at a specific price plus a specific percentage of that price unless (A) the total price is set forth in the advertisement, which may include, but is not limited to, shelf tags, displays, and media advertising, in a size larger than any other price in that advertisement, and (B) the specific price plus a specific percentage of that price represents a markup from the seller’s costs or from the wholesale price of the product. This subdivision shall not apply to in-store advertising by businesses that are open only to members or cooperative organizations organized pursuant to Division 3 (commencing with Section 12000) of Title 1 of the Corporations Code if more than 50 percent of purchases are made at the specific price set forth in the advertisement.
(21) Selling or leasing goods in violation of Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 1797.8) of Title 1.7.
(22) (A) Disseminating an unsolicited prerecorded message by telephone without an unrecorded, natural voice first informing the person answering the telephone of the name of the caller or the organization being represented, and either the address or the telephone number of the caller, and without obtaining the consent of that person to listen to the prerecorded message.
(B) This subdivision does not apply to a message disseminated to a business associate, customer, or other person having an established relationship with the person or organization making the call, to a call for the purpose of collecting an existing obligation, or to any call generated at the request of the recipient.
(23) (A) The home solicitation, as defined in subdivision (h) of Section 1761, of a consumer who is a senior citizen where a loan is made encumbering the primary residence of that consumer for purposes of paying for home improvements and where the transaction is part of a pattern or practice in violation of either subsection (h) or (i) of Section 1639 of Title 15 of the United States Code or paragraphs (1), (2), and (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 226.34 of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(B) A third party shall not be liable under this subdivision unless (i) there was an agency relationship between the party who engaged in home solicitation and the third party, or (ii) the third party had actual knowledge of, or participated in, the unfair or deceptive transaction. A third party who is a holder in due course under a home solicitation transaction shall not be liable under this subdivision.
(24) (A) Charging or receiving an unreasonable fee to prepare, aid, or advise any prospective applicant, applicant, or recipient in the procurement, maintenance, or securing of public social services.
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the following definitions shall apply:
(i) “Public social services” means those activities and functions of state and local government administered or supervised by the State Department of Health Care Services, the State Department of Public Health, or the State Department of Social Services, and involved in providing aid or services, or both, including health care services, and medical assistance, to those persons who, because of their economic circumstances or social condition, are in need of that aid or those services and may benefit from them.
(ii) “Public social services” also includes activities and functions administered or supervised by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs or the California Department of Veterans Affairs involved in providing aid or services, or both, to veterans, including pension benefits.
(iii) “Unreasonable fee” means a fee that is exorbitant and disproportionate to the services performed. Factors to be considered, if appropriate, in determining the reasonableness of a fee, are based on the circumstances existing at the time of the service and shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(I) The time and effort required.
(II) The novelty and difficulty of the services.
(III) The skill required to perform the services.
(IV) The nature and length of the professional relationship.
(V) The experience, reputation, and ability of the person providing the services.
(C) This paragraph shall not apply to attorneys licensed to practice law in California, who are subject to the California Rules of Professional Conduct and to the mandatory fee arbitration provisions of Article 13 (commencing with Section 6200) of Chapter 4 of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code, when the fees charged or received are for providing representation in administrative agency appeal proceedings or court proceedings for purposes of procuring, maintaining, or securing public social services on behalf of a person or group of persons.
(25) (A) Advertising or promoting any event, presentation, seminar, workshop, or other public gathering regarding veterans’ benefits or entitlements that does not include the following statement in the same type size and font as the term “veteran” or any variation of that term:
(i) “I am not authorized to file an initial application for Veterans’ Aid and Attendance benefits on your behalf, or to represent you before the Board of Veterans’ Appeals within the United States Department of Veterans Affairs in any proceeding on any matter, including an application for that benefits. It would be illegal for me to accept a fee for preparing that application on your behalf.” The requirements of this clause do not apply to a person licensed to act as an agent or attorney in proceedings before the Agency of Original Jurisdiction and the Board of Veterans’ Appeals within the United States Department of Veterans Affairs when that person is offering those services at the advertised event.
(ii) The statement in clause (i) shall also be disseminated, both orally and in writing, at the beginning of any event, presentation, seminar, workshop, or public gathering regarding veterans’ benefits or entitlements.
(B) Advertising or promoting any event, presentation, seminar, workshop, or other public gathering regarding veterans’ benefits or entitlements that is not sponsored by, or affiliated with, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the California Department of Veterans Affairs, or any other congressionally chartered or recognized organization of honorably discharged members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or any of their auxiliaries that does not include the following statement, in the same type size and font as the term “veteran” or the variation of that term:

“This event is not sponsored by, or affiliated with, the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the California Department of Veterans Affairs, or any other congressionally chartered or recognized organization of honorably discharged members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or any of their auxiliaries. None of the insurance products promoted at this sales event are endorsed by those organizations, all of which offer free advice to veterans about how to qualify and apply for benefits.”

(i) The statement in this subparagraph shall be disseminated, both orally and in writing, at the beginning of any event, presentation, seminar, workshop, or public gathering regarding veterans’ benefits or entitlements.
(ii) The requirements of this subparagraph shall not apply in a case where the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the California Department of Veterans Affairs, or other congressionally chartered or recognized organization of honorably discharged members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or any of their auxiliaries have granted written permission to the advertiser or promoter for the use of its name, symbol, or insignia to advertise or promote the event, presentation, seminar, workshop, or other public gathering.
(26) Advertising, offering for sale, or selling a financial product that is illegal under state or federal law, including any cash payment for the assignment to a third party of the consumer’s right to receive future pension or veteran’s benefits.
(27) Representing that a product is made in California by using a Made in California label created pursuant to Section 12098.10 of the Government Code, unless the product complies with Section 12098.10 of the Government Code.
(b) (1) It is an unfair or deceptive act or practice for a mortgage broker or lender, directly or indirectly, to use a home improvement contractor to negotiate the terms of any loan that is secured, whether in whole or in part, by the residence of the borrower and that is used to finance a home improvement contract or any portion of a home improvement contract. For purposes of this subdivision, “mortgage broker or lender” includes a finance lender licensed pursuant to the California Financing Law (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000) of the Financial Code), a residential mortgage lender licensed pursuant to the California Residential Mortgage Lending Act (Division 20 (commencing with Section 50000) of the Financial Code), or a real estate broker licensed under the Real Estate Law (Division 4 (commencing with Section 10000) of the Business and Professions Code).
(2) This section shall not be construed to either authorize or prohibit a home improvement contractor from referring a consumer to a mortgage broker or lender by this subdivision. However, a home improvement contractor may refer a consumer to a mortgage lender or broker if that referral does not violate Section 7157 of the Business and Professions Code or any other law. A mortgage lender or broker may purchase an executed home improvement contract if that purchase does not violate Section 7157 of the Business and Professions Code or any other law. Nothing in this paragraph shall have any effect on the application of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1801) of Title 2 to a home improvement transaction or the financing of a home improvement transaction.

SEC. 15.

 Section 1916.5 of the Civil Code is amended to read:

1916.5.
 (a) No increase in interest provided for in any provision for a variable interest rate contained in a security document, or evidence of debt issued in connection therewith, by a lender other than a supervised financial organization is valid unless that provision is set forth in the security document, and in any evidence of debt issued in connection therewith, and the document or documents contain the following provisions:
(1) A requirement that when an increase in the interest rate is required or permitted by a movement in a particular direction of a prescribed standard an identical decrease is required in the interest rate by a movement in the opposite direction of the prescribed standard.
(2) The rate of interest shall not change more often than once during any semiannual period, and at least six months shall elapse between any two changes.
(3) The change in the interest rate shall not exceed one-fourth of 1 percent in any semiannual period, and shall not result in a rate more than 2.5 percentage points greater than the rate for the first loan payment due after the closing of the loan.
(4) The rate of interest shall not change during the first semiannual period.
(5) The borrower is permitted to prepay the loan in whole or in part without a prepayment charge within 90 days of notification of any increase in the rate of interest.
(6) A statement attached to the security document and to any evidence of debt issued in connection therewith printed or written in a size equal to at least 10-point boldface type, consisting of the following language:

NOTICE TO BORROWER: THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS PROVISIONS FOR A VARIABLE INTEREST RATE.

(b) (1) This section shall be applicable only to a mortgage contract, deed of trust, real estate sales contract, or any note or negotiable instrument issued in connection therewith, when its purpose is to finance the purchase or construction of real property containing four or fewer residential units or on which four or fewer residential units are to be constructed.
(2) This section does not apply to unamortized construction loans with an original term of two years or less or to loans made for the purpose of the purchase or construction of improvements to existing residential dwellings.
(c) Regulations setting forth the prescribed standard upon which variations in the interest rate shall be based may be adopted by the Commissioner of Business Oversight with respect to savings associations and by the Insurance Commissioner with respect to insurers. Regulations adopted by the Commissioner of Business Oversight shall apply to all loans made by savings associations pursuant to this section before January 1, 1990.
(d) As used in this section:
(1) “Supervised financial organization” means a state or federally regulated bank, savings association, savings bank, or credit union, or state regulated industrial loan company, a licensed finance lender under the California Financing Law, a licensed residential mortgage lender under the California Residential Mortgage Lending Act, or holding company, affiliate, or subsidiary thereof, or institution of the Farm Credit System, as specified in Section 2002 of Title 12 of the United States Code.
(2) “Insurer” includes, but is not limited to, a nonadmitted insurance company.
(3) “Semiannual period” means each of the successive periods of six calendar months commencing with the first day of the calendar month in which the instrument creating the obligation is dated.
(4) “Security document” means a mortgage contract, deed of trust, or real estate sales contract.
(5) “Evidence of debt” means a note or negotiable instrument.
(e) This section is applicable only to instruments executed on and after the effective date of this section.
(f) This section does not apply to nonprofit public corporations.
(g) This section is not intended to apply to a loan made where the rate of interest provided for is less than the then current market rate for a similar loan in order to accommodate the borrower because of a special relationship, including, but not limited to, an employment or business relationship, of the borrower with the lender or with a customer of the lender and the sole increase in interest provided for with respect to the loan will result only by reason of the termination of that relationship or upon the sale, deed, or transfer of the property securing the loan to a person not having that relationship.

SEC. 16.

 Section 2924 of the Civil Code is amended to read:

2924.
 (a) Every transfer of an interest in property, other than in trust, made only as a security for the performance of another act, is to be deemed a mortgage, except when in the case of personal property it is accompanied by actual change of possession, in which case it is to be deemed a pledge. If, by a mortgage created after July 27, 1917, of any estate in real property, other than an estate at will or for years, less than two, or in any transfer in trust made after July 27, 1917, of a like estate to secure the performance of an obligation, a power of sale is conferred upon the mortgagee, trustee, or any other person, to be exercised after a breach of the obligation for which that mortgage or transfer is a security, the power shall not be exercised except where the mortgage or transfer is made pursuant to an order, judgment, or decree of a court of record, or to secure the payment of bonds or other evidences of indebtedness authorized or permitted to be issued by the Commissioner of Business Oversight, or is made by a public utility subject to the provisions of the Public Utilities Act, until all of the following apply:
(1) The trustee, mortgagee, or beneficiary, or any of their authorized agents shall first file for record, in the office of the recorder of each county wherein the mortgaged or trust property or some part or parcel thereof is situated, a notice of default. That notice of default shall include all of the following:
(A) A statement identifying the mortgage or deed of trust by stating the name or names of the trustor or trustors and giving the book and page, or instrument number, if applicable, where the mortgage or deed of trust is recorded or a description of the mortgaged or trust property.
(B) A statement that a breach of the obligation for which the mortgage or transfer in trust is security has occurred.
(C) A statement setting forth the nature of each breach actually known to the beneficiary and of the beneficiary’s election to sell or cause to be sold the property to satisfy that obligation and any other obligation secured by the deed of trust or mortgage that is in default.
(D) If the default is curable pursuant to Section 2924c, the statement specified in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 2924c.
(2) Not less than three months shall elapse from the filing of the notice of default.
(3) Except as provided in paragraph (4), after the lapse of the three months described in paragraph (2), the mortgagee, trustee, or other person authorized to take the sale shall give notice of sale, stating the time and place thereof, in the manner and for a time not less than that set forth in Section 2924f.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3), the mortgagee, trustee, or other person authorized to take sale may record a notice of sale pursuant to Section 2924f up to five days before the lapse of the three-month period described in paragraph (2), provided that the date of sale is no earlier than three months and 20 days after the recording of the notice of default.
(5) Whenever a sale is postponed for a period of at least 10 business days pursuant to Section 2924g, a mortgagee, beneficiary, or authorized agent shall provide written notice to a borrower regarding the new sale date and time, within five business days following the postponement. Information provided pursuant to this paragraph shall not constitute the public declaration required by subdivision (d) of Section 2924g. Failure to comply with this paragraph shall not invalidate any sale that would otherwise be valid under Section 2924f.
(6) An entity shall not record or cause a notice of default to be recorded or otherwise initiate the foreclosure process unless it is the holder of the beneficial interest under the mortgage or deed of trust, the original trustee or the substituted trustee under the deed of trust, or the designated agent of the holder of the beneficial interest. An agent of the holder of the beneficial interest under the mortgage or deed of trust, original trustee or substituted trustee under the deed of trust shall not record a notice of default or otherwise commence the foreclosure process except when acting within the scope of authority designated by the holder of the beneficial interest.
(b) In performing acts required by this article, the trustee shall incur no liability for any good faith error resulting from reliance on information provided in good faith by the beneficiary regarding the nature and the amount of the default under the secured obligation, deed of trust, or mortgage. In performing the acts required by this article, a trustee shall not be subject to Title 1.6c (commencing with Section 1788) of Part 4.
(c) A recital in the deed executed pursuant to the power of sale of compliance with all requirements of law regarding the mailing of copies of notices or the publication of a copy of the notice of default or the personal delivery of the copy of the notice of default or the posting of copies of the notice of sale or the publication of a copy thereof shall constitute prima facie evidence of compliance with these requirements and conclusive evidence thereof in favor of bona fide purchasers and encumbrancers for value and without notice.
(d) All of the following shall constitute privileged communications pursuant to Section 47:
(1) The mailing, publication, and delivery of notices as required by this section.
(2) Performance of the procedures set forth in this article.
(3) Performance of the functions and procedures set forth in this article if those functions and procedures are necessary to carry out the duties described in Sections 729.040, 729.050, and 729.080 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(e) There is a rebuttable presumption that the beneficiary actually knew of all unpaid loan payments on the obligation owed to the beneficiary and secured by the deed of trust or mortgage subject to the notice of default. However, the failure to include an actually known default shall not invalidate the notice of sale and the beneficiary shall not be precluded from asserting a claim to this omitted default or defaults in a separate notice of default.
(f) With respect to residential real property containing no more than four dwelling units, a separate document containing a summary of the notice of default information in English and the languages described in Section 1632 shall be attached to the notice of default provided to the mortgagor or trustor pursuant to Section 2923.3.

SEC. 17.

 Section 2953 of the Civil Code is amended to read:

2953.
 Any express agreement made or entered into by a borrower at the time of or in connection with the making of or renewing of any loan secured by a deed of trust, mortgage or other instrument creating a lien on real property, whereby the borrower agrees to waive the rights, or privileges conferred upon the borrower by Sections 2924, 2924b, or 2924c of the Civil Code or by Sections 580a or 726 of the Code of Civil Procedure, shall be void and of no effect. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any deed of trust, mortgage, or other liens given to secure the payment of bonds or other evidences of indebtedness authorized or permitted to be issued by the Commissioner of Business Oversight, or made by a public utility subject to the provisions of the Public Utilities Act.

SEC. 18.

 Section 336a of the Code of Civil Procedure is amended to read:

336a.
 Within six years:
(a) An action upon any bonds, notes, or debentures issued by any corporation or pursuant to permit of the Commissioner of Business Oversight, or upon any coupons issued with the bonds, notes, or debentures, if those bonds, notes or debentures shall have been issued to or held by the public.
(b) An action upon any mortgage, trust deed, or other agreement pursuant to which the bonds, notes, or debentures were issued. Nothing in this section shall apply to bonds or other evidences of indebtedness of a public district or corporation.

SEC. 19.

 Section 580e of the Code of Civil Procedure is amended to read:

580e.
 (a) (1) No deficiency shall be owed or collected, and no deficiency judgment shall be requested or rendered for any deficiency upon a note secured solely by a deed of trust or mortgage for a dwelling of not more than four units, in any case in which the trustor or mortgagor sells the dwelling for a sale price less than the remaining amount of the indebtedness outstanding at the time of sale, in accordance with the written consent of the holder of the deed of trust or mortgage, provided that both of the following have occurred:
(A) Title has been voluntarily transferred to a buyer by grant deed or by other document of conveyance that has been recorded in the county where all or part of the real property is located.
(B) The proceeds of the sale have been tendered to the mortgagee, beneficiary, or the agent of the mortgagee or beneficiary, in accordance with the parties’ agreement.
(2) In circumstances not described in paragraph (1), when a note is not secured solely by a deed of trust or mortgage for a dwelling of not more than four units, no judgment shall be rendered for any deficiency upon a note secured by a deed of trust or mortgage for a dwelling of not more than four units, if the trustor or mortgagor sells the dwelling for a sale price less than the remaining amount of the indebtedness outstanding at the time of sale, in accordance with the written consent of the holder of the deed of trust or mortgage. Following the sale, in accordance with the holder’s written consent, the voluntary transfer of title to a buyer by grant deed or by other document of conveyance recorded in the county where all or part of the real property is located, and the tender to the mortgagee, beneficiary, or the agent of the mortgagee or beneficiary of the sale proceeds, as agreed, the rights, remedies, and obligations of any holder, beneficiary, mortgagee, trustor, mortgagor, obligor, obligee, or guarantor of the note, deed of trust, or mortgage, and with respect to any other property that secures the note, shall be treated and determined as if the dwelling had been sold through foreclosure under a power of sale contained in the deed of trust or mortgage for a price equal to the sale proceeds received by the holder, in the manner contemplated by Section 580d.
(b) A holder of a note shall not require the trustor, mortgagor, or maker of the note to pay any additional compensation, aside from the proceeds of the sale, in exchange for the written consent to the sale.
(c) If the trustor or mortgagor commits either fraud with respect to the sale of, or waste with respect to, the real property that secures the deed of trust or mortgage, this section shall not limit the ability of the holder of the deed of trust or mortgage to seek damages and use existing rights and remedies against the trustor or mortgagor or any third party for fraud or waste.
(d) (1) This section shall not apply if the trustor or mortgagor is a corporation, limited liability company, limited partnership, or political subdivision of the state.
(2) This section shall not apply to any deed of trust, mortgage, or other lien given to secure the payment of bonds or other evidence of indebtedness authorized, or permitted to be issued, by the Commissioner of Business Oversight, or that is made by a public utility subject to the Public Utilities Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 201) of Division 1 of the Public Utilities Code).
(e) Any purported waiver of subdivision (a) or (b) shall be void and against public policy.

SEC. 20.

 Section 9201 of the Commercial Code is amended to read:

9201.
 (a) Except as otherwise provided in this code, a security agreement is effective according to its terms between the parties, against purchasers of the collateral, and against creditors.
(b) A transaction subject to this division is subject to any applicable rule of law which establishes a different rule for consumers; to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 17200) of Part 2 of Division 7 of the Business and Professions Code; Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 17500) of Part 3 of Division 7 of the Business and Professions Code; the Retail Installment Sales Act, Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1801) of Title 2 of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code; the Automobile Sales Finance Act, Chapter 2b (commencing with Section 2981) of Title 14 of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code; Part 4 (commencing with Section 1738) of Division 3 of the Civil Code, with respect to the applicable provisions of Titles 1 (commencing with Section 1738), 1.3 (commencing with Section 1747), 1.3A (commencing with Section 1748.10), 1.3B (commencing with Section 1748.20), 1.4 (commencing with Section 1749), 1.5 (commencing with Section 1750), 1.6 (commencing with Section 1785.1), 1.61 (commencing with Section 1785.41), 1.6A (commencing with Section 1786), 1.6B (commencing with Section 1787.1), 1.6C (commencing with Section 1788), 1.6D (commencing with Section 1789), 1.6E (commencing with Section 1789.10), 1.6F (commencing with Section 1789.30), 1.7 (commencing with Section 1790), 1.8 (commencing with Section 1798), 1.83 (commencing with Section 1799.5), 1.84 (commencing with Section 1799.8), 1.85 (commencing with Section 1799.90), 1.86 (commencing with Section 1799.200), 2 (commencing with Section 1801), 2.4 (commencing with Section 1812.50), 2.5 (commencing with Section 1812.80), 2.6 (commencing with Section 1812.100), 2.7 (commencing with Section 1812.200), 2.8 (commencing with Section 1812.300), 2.9 (commencing with Section 1812.400), 2.95 (commencing with Section 1812.600), 2.96 (commencing with Section 1812.620), 3 (commencing with Section 1813), 4 (commencing with Section 1884), and 14 (commencing with Section 2872); the Industrial Loan Law, Division 7 (commencing with Section 18000) of the Financial Code; the Pawnbroker Law, Division 8 (commencing with Section 21000) of the Financial Code; the California Financing Law, Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000) of the Financial Code; and the Mobilehomes-Manufactured Housing Act of 1980, Part 2 (commencing with Section 18000) of Division 13 of the Health and Safety Code; and to any applicable consumer protection statute, regulation, or law.
(c) In case of conflict between this division and a rule of law, statute, or regulation described in subdivision (b), the rule of law, statute, or regulation controls. Failure to comply with a statute or regulation described in subdivision (b) has only the effect the statute or regulation specifies.
(d) This division does not do either of the following:
(1) Validate any rate, charge, agreement, or practice that violates a rule of law, statute, or regulation described in subdivision (b).
(2) Extend the application of the rule of law, statute, or regulation to a transaction not otherwise subject to it.

SEC. 21.

 Section 191 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

191.
 (a) For the purposes of Chapter 21 (commencing with Section 2100), “transact intrastate business” means entering into repeated and successive transactions of its business in this state, other than interstate or foreign commerce.
(b) A foreign corporation shall not be considered to be transacting intrastate business merely because its subsidiary transacts intrastate business or merely because of its status as any one or more of the following:
(1) A shareholder of a domestic corporation.
(2) A shareholder of a foreign corporation transacting intrastate business.
(3) A limited partner of a domestic limited partnership.
(4) A limited partner of a foreign limited partnership transacting intrastate business.
(5) A member or manager of a domestic limited liability company.
(6) A member or manager of a foreign limited liability company transacting intrastate business.
(c) Without excluding other activities that may not constitute transacting intrastate business, a foreign corporation shall not be considered to be transacting intrastate business within the meaning of subdivision (a) solely by reason of carrying on in this state any one or more of the following activities:
(1) Maintaining or defending any action or suit or any administrative or arbitration proceeding, or effecting the settlement thereof or the settlement of claims or disputes.
(2) Holding meetings of its board or shareholders or carrying on other activities concerning its internal affairs.
(3) Maintaining bank accounts.
(4) Maintaining offices or agencies for the transfer, exchange, and registration of its securities or depositaries with relation to its securities.
(5) Effecting sales through independent contractors.
(6) Soliciting or procuring orders, whether by mail or through employees or agents or otherwise, where those orders require acceptance outside this state before becoming binding contracts.
(7) Creating evidences of debt or mortgages, liens or security interests on real or personal property.
(8) Conducting an isolated transaction completed within a period of 180 days and not in the course of a number of repeated transactions of like nature.
(d) Without excluding other activities that may not constitute transacting intrastate business, any foreign lending institution, including, but not limited to: any foreign banking corporation, any foreign corporation all of the capital stock of which is owned by one or more foreign banking corporations, any foreign savings and loan association, any foreign insurance company or any foreign corporation or association authorized by its charter to invest in loans secured by real and personal property, whether organized under the laws of the United States or of any other state, district or territory of the United States, shall not be considered to be doing, transacting, or engaging in business in this state solely by reason of engaging in any or all of the following activities either on its own behalf or as a trustee of a pension plan, employee profit sharing or retirement plan, testamentary or inter vivos trust, or in any other fiduciary capacity:
(1) The acquisition by purchase, by contract to purchase, by making of advance commitments to purchase or by assignment of loans, secured or unsecured, or any interest therein, if those activities are carried on from outside this state by the lending institution.
(2) The making by an officer or employee of physical inspections and appraisals of real or personal property securing or proposed to secure any loan, if the officer or employee making any physical inspection or appraisal is not a resident of and does not maintain a place of business for that purpose in this state.
(3) The ownership of any loans and the enforcement of any loans by trustee’s sale, judicial process, or deed in lieu of foreclosure or otherwise.
(4) The modification, renewal, extension, transfer, or sale of loans or the acceptance of additional or substitute security therefor or the full or partial release of the security therefor or the acceptance of substitute or additional obligors thereon, if the activities are carried on from outside this state by the lending institution.
(5) The engaging by contractual arrangement of a corporation, firm, or association, qualified to do business in this state, that is not a subsidiary or parent of the lending institution and that is not under common management with the lending institution, to make collections and to service loans in any manner whatsoever, including the payment of ground rents, taxes, assessments, insurance, and the like and the making, on behalf of the lending institution, of physical inspections and appraisals of real or personal property securing any loans or proposed to secure any loans, and the performance of any such engagement.
(6) The acquisition of title to the real or personal property covered by any mortgage, deed of trust, or other security instrument by trustee’s sale, judicial sale, foreclosure or deed in lieu of foreclosure, or for the purpose of transferring title to any federal agency or instrumentality as the insurer or guarantor of any loan, and the retention of title to any real or personal property so acquired pending the orderly sale or other disposition thereof.
(7) The engaging in activities necessary or appropriate to carry out any of the foregoing activities.
Nothing contained in this subdivision shall be construed to permit any foreign banking corporation to maintain an office in this state otherwise than as provided by the laws of this state or to limit the powers conferred upon any foreign banking corporation as set forth in the laws of this state or to permit any foreign lending institution to maintain an office in this state except as otherwise permitted under the laws of this state.

SEC. 22.

 Section 500 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

500.
 (a) Neither a corporation nor any of its subsidiaries shall make any distribution to the corporation’s shareholders (Section 166) unless the board of directors has determined in good faith either of the following:
(1) The amount of retained earnings of the corporation immediately prior to the distribution equals or exceeds the sum of (A) the amount of the proposed distribution plus (B) the preferential dividends arrears amount.
(2) Immediately after the distribution, the value of the corporation’s assets would equal or exceed the sum of its total liabilities plus the preferential rights amount.
(b) For the purpose of applying paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) to a distribution by a corporation, “preferential dividends arrears amount” means the amount, if any, of cumulative dividends in arrears on all shares having a preference with respect to payment of dividends over the class or series to which the applicable distribution is being made, provided that if the articles of incorporation provide that a distribution can be made without regard to preferential dividends arrears amount, then the preferential dividends arrears amount shall be zero. For the purpose of applying paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) to a distribution by a corporation, “preferential rights amount” means the amount that would be needed if the corporation were to be dissolved at the time of the distribution to satisfy the preferential rights, including accrued but unpaid dividends, of other shareholders upon dissolution that are superior to the rights of the shareholders receiving the distribution, provided that if the articles of incorporation provide that a distribution can be made without regard to any preferential rights, then the preferential rights amount shall be zero. In the case of a distribution of cash or property in payment by the corporation in connection with the purchase of its shares, (1) there shall be added to retained earnings all amounts that had been previously deducted therefrom with respect to obligations incurred in connection with the corporation’s repurchase of its shares and reflected on the corporation’s balance sheet, but not in excess of the principal of the obligations that remain unpaid immediately prior to the distribution and (2) there shall be deducted from liabilities all amounts that had been previously added thereto with respect to the obligations incurred in connection with the corporation’s repurchase of its shares and reflected on the corporation’s balance sheet, but not in excess of the principal of the obligations that will remain unpaid after the distribution, provided that no addition to retained earnings or deduction from liabilities under this subdivision shall occur on account of any obligation that is a distribution to the corporation’s shareholders (Section 166) at the time the obligation is incurred.
(c) The board of directors may base a determination that a distribution is not prohibited under subdivision (a) or under Section 501 on any of the following:
(1) Financial statements prepared on the basis of accounting practices and principles that are reasonable under the circumstances.
(2) A fair valuation.
(3) Any other method that is reasonable under the circumstances.
(d) The effect of a distribution under paragraph (1) or (2) of subdivision (a) is measured as of the date the distribution is authorized if the payment occurs within 120 days after the date of authorization.
(e) (1) If terms of indebtedness provide that payment of principal and interest is to be made only if, and to the extent that, payment of a distribution to shareholders could then be made under this section, indebtedness of a corporation, including indebtedness issued as a distribution, is not a liability for purposes of determinations made under paragraph (2) of subdivision (a).
(2) If indebtedness is issued as a distribution, each payment of principal or interest on the indebtedness shall be treated as a distribution, the effect of which is measured on the date the payment of the indebtedness is actually made.
(f) This section does not apply to a corporation licensed as a broker-dealer under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 25210) of Part 3 of Division 1 of Title 4, if immediately after giving effect to any distribution the corporation is in compliance with the net capital rules of the Commissioner of Business Oversight and the Securities and Exchange Commission.

SEC. 23.

 Section 1001 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

1001.
 (a) A corporation may sell, lease, convey, exchange, transfer, or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of its assets when the principal terms are approved by the board, and, unless the transaction is in the usual and regular course of its business, approved by the outstanding shares (Section 152), either before or after approval by the board and before or after the transaction. A transaction constituting a reorganization (Section 181) is subject to the provisions of Chapter 12 (commencing with Section 1200) and not this section (other than subdivision (d)). A transaction constituting a conversion (Section 161.9) is subject to the provisions of Chapter 11.5 (commencing with Section 1150) and not this section.
(b) Notwithstanding approval of the outstanding shares (Section 152), the board may abandon the proposed transaction without further action by the shareholders, subject to the contractual rights, if any, of third parties.
(c) The sale, lease, conveyance, exchange, transfer, or other disposition may be made upon those terms and conditions and for that consideration as the board may deem in the best interests of the corporation. The consideration may be money, securities, or other property.
(d) If the acquiring party in a transaction pursuant to subdivision (a) of this section or subdivision (g) of Section 2001 is in control of or under common control with the disposing corporation, the principal terms of the sale must be approved by at least 90 percent of the voting power of the disposing corporation unless the disposition is to a domestic or foreign corporation or other business entity in consideration of the nonredeemable common shares or nonredeemable equity securities of the acquiring party or its parent.
(e) Subdivision (d) does not apply to any transaction if the Commissioner of Business Oversight, the Insurance Commissioner, or the Public Utilities Commission has approved the terms and conditions of the transaction and the fairness of those terms and conditions pursuant to Section 25142, Section 696.5 of the Financial Code, Section 838.5 of the Insurance Code, or Section 822 of the Public Utilities Code.

SEC. 24.

 Section 1300 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

1300.
 (a) If the approval of the outstanding shares (Section 152) of a corporation is required for a reorganization under subdivisions (a) and (b) or subdivision (e) or (f) of Section 1201, each shareholder of the corporation entitled to vote on the transaction and each shareholder of a subsidiary corporation in a short-form merger may, by complying with this chapter, require the corporation in which the shareholder holds shares to purchase for cash at their fair market value the shares owned by the shareholder which are dissenting shares as defined in subdivision (b). The fair market value shall be determined as of the day of, and immediately prior to, the first announcement of the terms of the proposed reorganization or short-form merger, excluding any appreciation or depreciation in consequence of the proposed reorganization or short-form merger, as adjusted for any stock split, reverse stock split, or share dividend that becomes effective thereafter.
(b) As used in this chapter, “dissenting shares” means shares to which all of the following apply:
(1) That were not, immediately prior to the reorganization or short-form merger, listed on any national securities exchange certified by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under subdivision (o) of Section 25100, and the notice of meeting of shareholders to act upon the reorganization summarizes this section and Sections 1301, 1302, 1303, and 1304; provided, however, that this provision does not apply to any shares with respect to which there exists any restriction on transfer imposed by the corporation or by any law or regulation; and provided, further, that this provision does not apply to any shares where the holder of those shares is required, by the terms of the reorganization or short-form merger, to accept for the shares anything except: (A) shares of any other corporation, which shares, at the time the reorganization or short-form merger is effective, are listed on any national securities exchange certified by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under subdivision (o) of Section 25100; (B) cash in lieu of fractional shares described in the foregoing subparagraph (A); or (C) any combination of the shares and cash in lieu of fractional shares described in the foregoing subparagraphs (A) and (B).
(2) That were outstanding on the date for the determination of shareholders entitled to vote on the reorganization and (A) were not voted in favor of the reorganization or, (B) if described in paragraph (1), were voted against the reorganization, or were held of record on the effective date of a short-form merger; provided, however, that subparagraph (A) rather than subparagraph (B) of this paragraph applies in any case where the approval required by Section 1201 is sought by written consent rather than at a meeting.
(3) That the dissenting shareholder has demanded that the corporation purchase at their fair market value, in accordance with Section 1301.
(4) That the dissenting shareholder has submitted for endorsement, in accordance with Section 1302.
(c) As used in this chapter, “dissenting shareholder” means the recordholder of dissenting shares and includes a transferee of record.

SEC. 25.

 Section 1502.1 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

1502.1.
 (a) In addition to the statement required pursuant to Section 1502, every publicly traded corporation shall file annually, within 150 days after the end of its fiscal year, a statement, on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State, that includes all of the following information:
(1) The name of the independent auditor that prepared the most recent auditor’s report on the corporation’s annual financial statements.
(2) A description of other services, if any, performed for the corporation during its two most recent fiscal years and the period between the end of its most recent fiscal year and the date of the statement by the foregoing independent auditor, by its parent corporation, or by a subsidiary or corporate affiliate of the independent auditor or its parent corporation.
(3) The name of the independent auditor employed by the corporation on the date of the statement, if different from the independent auditor listed pursuant to paragraph (1).
(4) The compensation for the most recent fiscal year of the corporation paid to each member of the board of directors and paid to each of the five most highly compensated executive officers of the corporation who are not members of the board of directors, including the number of any shares issued, options for shares granted, and similar equity-based compensation granted to each of those persons. If the chief executive officer is not among the five most highly compensated executive officers of the corporation, the compensation paid to the chief executive officer shall also be included.
(5) A description of any loan, including the amount and terms of the loan, made to any member of the board of directors by the corporation during the corporation’s two most recent fiscal years at an interest rate lower than the interest rate available from unaffiliated commercial lenders generally to a similarly-situated borrower.
(6) A statement indicating whether an order for relief has been entered in a bankruptcy case with respect to the corporation, its executive officers, or members of the board of directors of the corporation during the 10 years preceding the date of the statement.
(7) A statement indicating whether any member of the board of directors or executive officer of the corporation was convicted of fraud during the 10 years preceding the date of the statement, if the conviction has not been overturned or expunged.
(8) A description of any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, to which the corporation or any of its subsidiaries is a party or of which any of their property is the subject, as specified by Item 103 of Regulation S-K of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Section 229.103 of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations). A description of any material legal proceeding during which the corporation was found legally liable by entry of a final judgment or final order that was not overturned on appeal during the five years preceding the date of the statement.
(b) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) “Publicly traded corporation” means a corporation, as defined in Section 162, that is an issuer as defined in Section 3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (15 U.S.C. Sec. 78c), and has at least one class of securities listed or admitted for trading on a national securities exchange, on the OTC Bulletin Board, or on the electronic service operated by OTC Markets Group Inc.
(2) “Executive officer” means the chief executive officer, president, any vice president in charge of a principal business unit, division, or function, any other officer of the corporation who performs a policymaking function, or any other person who performs similar policymaking functions for the corporation.
(3) “Compensation” as used in paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) means all plan and nonplan compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to the person for all services rendered in all capacities to the corporation and to its subsidiaries, as the compensation is specified by Item 402 of Regulation S-K of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Section 229.402 of Title 17 of the Code of Federal Regulations).
(4) “Loan” as used in paragraph (5) of subdivision (a) excludes an advance for expenses permitted under subdivision (d) of Section 315, the corporation’s payment of life insurance premiums permitted under subdivision (e) of Section 315, and an advance of expenses permitted under Section 317.
(c) This statement shall be available and open to the public for inspection. The Secretary of State shall provide access to all information contained in this statement by means of an online database.
(d) A corporation shall certify that the information it provides pursuant to this section is true and correct. No claim may be made against the state for inaccurate information contained in statements filed under this section with the Secretary of State.

SEC. 26.

 Section 2011 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

2011.
 (a) (1) Causes of action against a dissolved corporation, whether arising before or after the dissolution of the corporation, may be enforced against any of the following:
(A) Against the dissolved corporation, to the extent of its undistributed assets, including, without limitation, any insurance assets held by the corporation that may be available to satisfy claims.
(B) If any of the assets of the dissolved corporation have been distributed to shareholders, against shareholders of the dissolved corporation to the extent of their pro rata share of the claim or to the extent of the corporate assets distributed to them upon dissolution of the corporation, whichever is less.
A shareholder’s total liability under this section may not exceed the total amount of assets of the dissolved corporation distributed to the shareholder upon dissolution of the corporation.
(2) Except as set forth in subdivision (c), all causes of action against a shareholder of a dissolved corporation arising under this section are extinguished unless the claimant commences a proceeding to enforce the cause of action against that shareholder of a dissolved corporation prior to the earlier of the following:
(A) The expiration of the statute of limitations applicable to the cause of action.
(B) Four years after the effective date of the dissolution of the corporation.
(3) As a matter of procedure only, and not for purposes of determining liability, shareholders of the dissolved corporation may be sued in the corporate name of the corporation upon any cause of action against the corporation. This section does not affect the rights of the corporation or its creditors under Section 2009, or the rights, if any, of creditors under the Uniform Voidable Transactions Act, which may arise against the shareholders of a corporation.
(4) This subdivision applies to corporations dissolved on and after January 1, 1992. Corporations dissolved prior to that date are subject to the law in effect prior to that date.
(b) Summons or other process against such a corporation may be served by delivering a copy thereof to an officer, director, or person having charge of its assets or, if no such person can be found, to any agent upon whom process might be served at the time of dissolution. If none of those persons can be found with due diligence and it is so shown by affidavit to the satisfaction of the court, then the court may make an order that summons or other process be served upon the dissolved corporation by personally delivering a copy thereof, together with a copy of the order, to the Secretary of State or an assistant or deputy secretary of state. Service in this manner is deemed complete on the 10th day after delivery of the process to the Secretary of State.
(c) Every such corporation shall survive and continue to exist indefinitely for the purpose of being sued in any quiet title action. Any judgment rendered in any such action shall bind each and all of its shareholders or other persons having any equity or other interest in that corporation, to the extent of their interest therein, and that action shall have the same force and effect as an action brought under the provisions of Sections 410.50 and 410.60 of the Code of Civil Procedure. Service of summons or other process in any such action may be made as provided in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 413.10) of Title 5 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure or as provided in subdivision (b).
(d) Upon receipt of that process and the fee therefor, the Secretary of State forthwith shall give notice to the corporation as provided in Section 1702.
(e) For purposes of Article 4 (commencing with Section 19071) of Chapter 4 of Part 10.2 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, the liability described in this section shall be considered a liability at law with respect to a dissolved corporation.

SEC. 27.

 Section 2117.1 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

2117.1.
 (a) In addition to the statement required pursuant to Section 2117, every publicly traded foreign corporation shall file annually, within 150 days after the end of its fiscal year, on a form prescribed by the Secretary of State, a statement that includes all of the following information:
(1) The name of the independent auditor that prepared the most recent auditor’s report on the publicly traded foreign corporation’s annual financial statements.
(2) A description of other services, if any, performed for the publicly traded foreign corporation during its two most recent fiscal years and the period between the end of its most recent fiscal year and the date of the statement by the foregoing independent auditor, by its parent corporation, or by a subsidiary or corporate affiliate of the independent auditor or its parent corporation.
(3) The name of the independent auditor employed by the foreign corporation on the date of the statement, if different from the independent auditor listed pursuant to paragraph (1).
(4) The compensation for the most recent fiscal year of the publicly traded foreign corporation paid to each member of the board of directors and paid to each of the five most highly compensated executive officers of the foreign corporation who are not members of the board of directors, including the number of any shares issued, options for shares granted, and similar equity-based compensation granted to each of those persons. If the chief executive officer is not among the five most highly compensated executive officers of the corporation, the compensation paid to the chief executive officer shall also be included.
(5) A description of any loan, including the amount and terms of the loans, made to any member of the board of directors by the publicly traded foreign corporation during the foreign corporation’s two most recent fiscal years at an interest rate lower than the interest rate available from unaffiliated commercial lenders generally to a similarly situated borrower.
(6) A statement indicating whether an order for relief has been entered in a bankruptcy case with respect to the foreign corporation, its executive officers, or members of the board of directors of the foreign corporation during the 10 years preceding the date of the statement.
(7) A statement indicating whether any member of the board of directors or executive officer of the publicly traded foreign corporation was convicted of fraud during the 10 years preceding the date of the statement, which conviction has not been overturned or expunged.
(8) A description of any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to the business, to which the corporation or any of its subsidiaries is a party or of which any of their property is the subject, as specified by Item 103 of Regulation S-K of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Section 229.103 of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations). A description of any material legal proceeding during which the corporation was found legally liable by entry of a final judgment or final order that was not overturned on appeal during the five years preceding the date of the statement.
(b) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) “Publicly traded foreign corporation” means a foreign corporation, as defined in Section 171, that is an issuer as defined in Section 3 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (15 U.S.C. Sec. 78c), and has at least one class of securities listed or admitted for trading on a national securities exchange, on the OTC Bulletin Board, or on the electronic service operated by OTC Markets Group Inc.
(2) “Executive officer” means the chief executive officer, president, any vice president in charge of a principal business unit, division, or function, any other officer of the corporation who performs a policymaking function, or any other person who performs similar policymaking functions for the corporation.
(3) “Compensation” as used in paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) means all plan and nonplan compensation awarded to, earned by, or paid to the person for all services rendered in all capacities to the corporation and to its subsidiaries, as the compensation is specified by Item 402 of Regulation S-K of the Securities and Exchange Commission (Section 229.402 of Title 17 of the Code of Federal Regulations).
(4) “Loan” as used in paragraph (5) of subdivision (a) excludes an advance for expenses, the foreign corporation’s payment of life insurance premiums, and an advance of litigation expenses, in each instance as permitted according to the applicable law of the state or place of incorporation or organization of the foreign corporation.
(c) This statement shall be available and open to the public for inspection. The Secretary of State shall provide access to all information contained in this statement by means of an online database.
(d) A foreign corporation shall certify that the information it provides pursuant to this section is true and correct. No claim may be made against the state for inaccurate information contained in statements filed under this section with the Secretary of State.

SEC. 28.

 Section 7813.5 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

7813.5.
 (a) A mutual benefit corporation may amend its articles to change its status to that of a public benefit corporation, a religious corporation, a business corporation, a social purpose corporation, or a cooperative corporation by complying with this section and the other sections of this chapter.
(b) Except as authorized by Section 7811 or unless the corporation has no members, an amendment to change its status to a public benefit corporation or religious corporation shall: (1) be approved by the members (Section 5034), and the fairness of the amendment to the members shall be approved by the Commissioner of Business Oversight pursuant to Section 25142; (2) be approved by the members (Section 5034) in an election conducted by written ballot pursuant to Section 7513 in which no negative votes are cast; or (3) be approved by 100 percent of the voting power.
(c) Amended articles authorized by this section shall include the provisions which would have been required (other than the initial street address and initial mailing address of the corporation and the name of the initial agent for service of process if a statement has been filed pursuant to Section 8210), and may in addition only include those provisions which would have been permitted, in original articles filed by the type of corporation (public benefit, religious, business, social purpose, or cooperative) into which the mutual benefit corporation is changing its status.
(d) At the time of filing a certificate of amendment to change status to a public benefit corporation, the Secretary of State shall forward a copy of the filed certificate to the Attorney General.
(e) In the case of a change of status to a business corporation, social purpose corporation, or a cooperative corporation, if the Franchise Tax Board has issued a determination exempting the corporation from tax as provided in Section 23701 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, the corporation shall be subject to Section 23221 of the Revenue and Taxation Code upon filing the certificate of amendment.

SEC. 29.

 Section 8011.5 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

8011.5.
 Each membership of the same class of any constituent corporation (other than the cancellation of memberships held by a surviving corporation or its parent or a wholly owned subsidiary of either in a constituent corporation) shall be treated equally with respect to any distribution of cash, property, rights or securities unless: (a) all members of the class consent or (b) the Commissioner of Business Oversight has approved the terms and conditions of the transaction and the fairness of the terms pursuant to Section 25142.

SEC. 30.

 Section 8723 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

8723.
 (a) (1) Causes of action against a dissolved corporation, whether arising before or after the dissolution of the corporation, may be enforced against any of the following:
(A) Against the dissolved corporation, to the extent of its undistributed assets, including, without limitation, any insurance assets held by the corporation that may be available to satisfy claims.
(B) If any of the assets of the dissolved corporation have been distributed to other persons, against those persons to the extent of their pro rata share of the claim or to the extent of the corporate assets distributed to them upon dissolution of the corporation, whichever is less.
The total liability of a person under this section may not exceed the total amount of assets of the dissolved corporation distributed to that person upon dissolution of the corporation.
(2) Except as set forth in subdivision (c), all causes of action against a person to whom assets were distributed arising under this section are extinguished unless the claimant commences a proceeding to enforce the cause of action against that person prior to the earlier of the following:
(A) The expiration of the statute of limitations applicable to the cause of action.
(B) Four years after the effective date of the dissolution of the corporation.
(3) As a matter of procedure only, and not for purposes of determining liability, persons to whom assets of a dissolved corporation are distributed may be sued in the name of the corporation upon any cause of action against the corporation. This section does not affect the rights of the corporation or its creditors under Section 2009, or the rights, if any, of creditors under the Uniform Voidable Transactions Act, which may arise against persons to whom those assets are distributed.
(4) This subdivision applies to corporations dissolved on or after January 1, 2000. Corporations dissolved prior to that date are subject to the law in effect prior to that date.
(b) Summons or other process against the corporation may be served by delivering a copy thereof to an officer, director, or person having charge of its assets or, if none of these persons can be found, to any agent upon whom process might be served at the time of dissolution. If none of those persons can be found with due diligence and it is so shown by affidavit to the satisfaction of the court, then the court may make an order that summons or other process be served upon the dissolved corporation by personally delivering a copy thereof, together with a copy of the order, to the Secretary of State or an assistant or deputy secretary of state, with an additional copy of the summons or other process and order being delivered to the Attorney General in the case of a corporation that at the commencement of the dissolution proceedings held assets in charitable trust. Service in this manner is deemed complete on the 10th day after delivery of the process to the Secretary of State, or in the case of a corporation that at the commencement of the dissolution proceedings held assets in charitable trust, upon the 10th day after the later of delivery of process to the Secretary of State or Attorney General.
(c) The corporation shall survive and continue to exist indefinitely for the purpose of being sued in any quiet title action. Any judgment rendered in that action shall bind each of its members or other persons having any equity or other interest in the corporation, to the extent of their interest therein, and that action shall have the same force and effect as an action brought under the provisions of Sections 410.50 and 410.60 of the Code of Civil Procedure. Service of summons or other process in that action may be made as provided in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 413.10) of Title 5 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure or as provided in subdivision (b).
(d) Upon receipt of that process and the fee therefor, the Secretary of State forthwith shall give notice to the corporation as provided in Section 1702.

SEC. 31.

 Section 12504 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

12504.
 (a) A corporation may amend its articles to change its status to that of a nonprofit public benefit corporation, a nonprofit mutual benefit corporation, a nonprofit religious corporation, a business corporation, or a social purpose corporation by complying with this section and the other sections of this chapter.
(b) Except as authorized by Section 12501 or unless the corporation has no members, an amendment to change its status to a nonprofit public benefit corporation or a nonprofit religious corporation shall: (1) be approved by the members (Section 12224), and the fairness of the amendment to the members shall be approved by the Commissioner of Business Oversight pursuant to Section 25142; or (2) be approved by the members (Section 12224) in an election conducted by written ballot pursuant to Section 12463 in which no negative votes are cast; or (3) be approved by 100 percent of the voting power.
(c) Amended articles authorized by this section shall include the provisions which would have been required (other than the initial street address and initial mailing address of the corporation and the name of the initial agent for service of process if a statement has been filed pursuant to Section 12570), and may in addition only include those provisions which would have been permitted, in original articles filed by the type of corporation (nonprofit public benefit, nonprofit mutual benefit, nonprofit religious, business, or social purpose) into which the corporation is changing its status.
(d) At the time of filing a certificate of amendment to change status to a nonprofit public benefit corporation, the Secretary of State shall forward a copy of the filed certificate to the Attorney General.

SEC. 32.

 Section 12532 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

12532.
 Each membership of the same class of any constituent corporation (other than the cancellation of memberships held by a surviving corporation or its parent or a wholly owned subsidiary of either in a constituent corporation) shall be treated equally with respect to any distribution of cash, property, rights, or securities unless: (a) all members of the class consent or (b) the Commissioner of Business Oversight has approved the terms and conditions of the transaction and the fairness of such terms pursuant to Section 25142.

SEC. 33.

 Section 12662 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

12662.
 (a) (1) Causes of action against a dissolved corporation, whether arising before or after the dissolution of the corporation, may be enforced against any of the following:
(A) Against the dissolved corporation, to the extent of its undistributed assets; including, without limitation, any insurance assets held by the corporation that may be available to satisfy claims.
(B) If any of the assets of the dissolved corporation have been distributed to other persons, against those persons to the extent of their pro rata share of the claim or to the extent of the corporate assets distributed to them upon dissolution of the corporation, whichever is less.
The total liability of a person under this section may not exceed the total amount of assets of the dissolved corporation distributed to that person upon dissolution of the corporation.
(2) Except as set forth in subdivision (c), all causes of action against a person to whom assets were distributed arising under this section are extinguished unless the claimant commences a proceeding to enforce the cause of action against that person prior to the earlier of the following:
(A) The expiration of the statute of limitations applicable to the cause of action.
(B) Four years after the effective date of the dissolution of the corporation.
(3) As a matter of procedure only, and not for purposes of determining liability, persons to whom assets of a dissolved corporation are distributed may be sued in the name of the corporation upon any cause of action against the corporation. This section does not affect the rights of the corporation or its creditors under Section 2009, or the rights, if any, of creditors under the Uniform Voidable Transactions Act, which may arise against persons to whom those assets are distributed.
This subdivision applies to corporations dissolved on or after January 1, 2000. Corporations dissolved prior to that date are subject to the law in effect prior to that date.
(b) Summons or other process against a dissolved corporation may be served by delivering a copy thereof to an officer, director, or person having charge of its assets or, if that person cannot be found, to any agent upon whom process might be served at the time of dissolution. If none of these persons can be found with due diligence and it is so shown by affidavit to the satisfaction of the court, then the court may make an order that summons or other process be served upon the dissolved corporation by personally delivering a copy thereof, together with a copy of the order, to the Secretary of State or an assistant or deputy secretary of state.
(c) Every dissolved corporation shall survive and continue to exist indefinitely for the purpose of being sued in any quiet title action. Any judgment rendered in any quiet title action shall bind each and all of its members or other persons having any equity or other interest in that corporation, to the extent of their interest therein, and that action shall have the same force and effect as an action brought under the provisions of Sections 410.50 and 410.60 of the Code of Civil Procedure. Service of summons or other process in any quiet title action may be made as provided in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 413.10) of Title 5 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure or as provided in subdivision (b).
(d) Upon receipt of that process and the fee therefor, the Secretary of State forthwith shall give notice to the corporation as provided in Section 1702.

SEC. 34.

 Section 13205 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

13205.
 No association is subject in any manner to the terms of the Corporate Securities Law and all associations may issue their membership certificates or stock or other securities as provided in this division without the necessity of any permit from the Commissioner of Business Oversight.

SEC. 35.

 Section 13406 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

13406.
 (a) Subject to the provisions of subdivision (b), shares of capital stock in a professional corporation may be issued only to a licensed person or to a person who is licensed to render the same professional services in the jurisdiction or jurisdictions in which the person practices, and any shares issued in violation of this restriction shall be void. Unless there is a public offering of securities by a professional corporation or by a foreign professional corporation in this state, its financial statements shall be treated by the Commissioner of Business Oversight as confidential, except to the extent that such statements shall be subject to subpoena in connection with any judicial or administrative proceeding, and may be admissible in evidence therein. A shareholder of a professional corporation or of a foreign professional corporation qualified to render professional services in this state shall not enter into a voting trust, proxy, or any other arrangement vesting another person (other than another person who is a shareholder of the same corporation) with the authority to exercise the voting power of any or all of the shareholder’s shares, and any purported voting trust, proxy, or other arrangement shall be void.
(b) A professional law corporation may be incorporated as a nonprofit public benefit corporation under the Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law under either of the following circumstances:
(1) The corporation is a qualified legal services project or a qualified support center within the meaning of subdivisions (a) and (b) of Section 6213 of the Business and Professions Code.
(2) The professional law corporation otherwise meets all of the requirements and complies with all of the provisions of the Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law, as well as all of the following requirements:
(A) All of the members of the corporation, if it is a membership organization as described in the Nonprofit Corporation Law, are persons licensed to practice law in California.
(B) All of the members of the professional law corporation’s board of directors are persons licensed to practice law in California.
(C) Seventy percent of the clients to whom the corporation provides legal services are lower income persons as defined in Section 50079.5 of the Health and Safety Code, and to other persons who would not otherwise have access to legal services.
(D) The corporation shall not enter into contingency fee contracts with clients.
(c) A professional law corporation incorporated as a nonprofit public benefit corporation that is a recipient in good standing as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 6213 of the Business and Professions Code shall be deemed to have satisfied all of the filing requirements of a professional law corporation under Sections 6161.1, 6162, and 6163 of the Business and Professions Code.

SEC. 36.

 Section 13408.5 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

13408.5.
 A professional corporation shall not be formed so as to cause any violation of law, or any applicable rules and regulations, relating to fee splitting, kickbacks, or other similar practices by physicians and surgeons or psychologists, including, but not limited to, Section 650 or subdivision (e) of Section 2960 of the Business and Professions Code. A violation of any such provisions shall be grounds for the suspension or revocation of the certificate of registration of the professional corporation. The Commissioner of Business Oversight or the Director of the Department of Managed Health Care may refer any suspected violation of those provisions to the governmental agency regulating the profession in which the corporation is, or proposes to be engaged.

SEC. 37.

 Section 14312 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

14312.
 (a) Any person who intends to offer for sale or lease lots within a subdivision within this state and to provide water for domestic use to purchasers of the lots within a subdivision through the formation of a mutual water corporation described in Section 14311, shall include as part of the application for a public report, as described in Section 11010 of the Business and Professions Code, a separate document containing all of the following information, representations, and assurances:
(1) That the provisions of this chapter have been complied with.
(2) That the area in which the mutual water company proposes to deliver water encompasses and includes the entire subdivision and, when applicable, will include parcels to be annexed to the subdivision.
(3) That the mutual water company has contacted the Public Utilities Commission and the county local agency formation commission to determine if the proposed area described in paragraph (2) will overlap an existing water service area or if an existing water service area could more appropriately serve the subdivision.
(4) That the mutual water company has a source of, and title to, a water supply, distribution, and fire protection system sufficient to satisfy expected demands for water from the subdivision.
(5) That copies of the contracts and other documents relating to the acquisition by the mutual water company of the water supply, distribution, and fire protection system have been delivered to, and are on file with, the mutual water company and that these contracts and documents evidence the mutual water company’s title to the water supply, distribution, and fire protection system.
(6) That the subdivider or applicant has executed and entered into a written contract with the mutual water company wherein the subdivider or applicant has agreed to pay monthly a proportional part of the repair and replacement fund according to a ratio of the number of lots owned or controlled by the subdivider or applicant to the total number of lots in the subdivision.
(7) That an engineer’s report has been prepared in accordance with this chapter and Sections 260.504.2 to 260.504.2.4, inclusive, of Title 10 of the California Code of Regulations and is on file with the mutual water company.
(8) That the mutual water company will distribute potable water for domestic use and has obtained, and has on file, a copy of the permit issued by the State Water Resources Control Board, as required pursuant to Section 116540 of the Health and Safety Code, or by a local primacy agency that has been delegated the authority to issue permits to small water systems, with the concurrence of the State Water Resources Control Board.
(9) That the securities of the mutual benefit water corporation will be sold or issued only to purchasers of lots in the subdivision, or to successors in interest of purchasers of lots in the subdivision, and not sold or issued to the subdivider, applicant, or to the successor in interest of the subdivider or applicant, and that the securities will be sold or issued only after a public report for the subdivision has been issued by the Real Estate Commissioner.
(10) That the securities to be issued by the mutual water company are appurtenant to the land pursuant to Section 14300.
(11) That the water supply and distribution system will serve each lot in the subdivision and be completed prior to the issuance of the public report by the Real Estate Commissioner.
(12) That there is a statement, signed by either the engineer who prepared the engineer’s report referred to in paragraph (7) or a person employed or acting on behalf of a public agency or other independent qualified person, that the water supply and distribution system has been examined and tested and that the water supply and distribution system operates in accordance with the design standards of the water supply and distribution system required by this chapter, and that a copy of this statement is on file with the mutual water company.
(13) That the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the mutual water company contain all of the following:
(A) A statement to the effect that the mutual water company shall provide water to all members or shareholders. If there will be an owners’ association of the subdivision, an additional statement that water shall also be provided to the common areas.
(B) A provision directing the board of directors to establish a rate structure that will result in the accumulation and maintenance of a fund for the repair, administration, maintenance, and replacement of the water supply, distribution, and fire protection system, that the rate charged shall bear a reasonable relationship to the cost of furnishing water and maintaining the system, and that unimproved lots included within the area to be served shall bear a proportionate share of the cost of repair and replacement of the water supply, distribution, and fire protection system, as well as a proportionate share of the cost of maintaining the fund.
(C) A statement evidencing a reasonable relationship between each unit of the securities to be issued and each unit of the area to be served, such as one share of common stock issued for each subdivision lot purchased.
(D) A prohibition on the issuance of fractional shares or securities.
(E) A statement, meeting the requirements of Section 14300, that the securities are appurtenant to the land within the area to be served.
(F) Provision for the transfer of the securities, voting rights of the security holders, inspection of books and records by security holders, necessary or contemplated expansion of the facilities of the mutual water company, and further subdivision, where applicable, of the area to be served.
(G) The limitation on the salaries paid to the persons operating, or employed by, the mutual water company, including officers and directors.
(H) A provision for annual meetings of the security holders accompanied by a provision for adequate notice.
(I) A provision for the annual distribution to each security holder of fiscal yearend financial statements within 105 days of the close of the fiscal year.
(J) In the case of a mutual water company that purchases water for distribution from a public utility, municipal water company, or water district, a provision for charging all security holders a pro rata amount of the cost of water supplied to an entity providing fire protection service.
(K) A provision that a share certificate shall be issued to each lot purchased.
(L) In the case of a mutual water company serving a residential subdivision, the following statements: (i) the mutual water company shall be a separate corporation formed and organized for the purpose described in Section 14311; and (ii) if a shareholder becomes delinquent in paying assessments, the right to receive water or dividends may be denied or forfeited but those rights shall not be sold or transferred without the land.
(14) That an offering circular has been prepared and will be used in any offer and sale of the securities of the mutual water company.
(15) That the writings and documents evidencing compliance with all of the above provisions of the subdivision are on file as part of the permanent record of the mutual water company.
(b) The contracts and documents described in paragraph (5) of subdivision (a) shall include all of the following:
(1) Any bill of sale transferring all personal property used and usable in the operation of the mutual water company.
(2) A copy of any recorded deed to the wells and water tanks to be used by the mutual water company in the supply, distribution, and fire protection system.
(3) Copies of any recorded deeds granting easements for construction, repair, maintenance, and improvements of the water supply, distribution, and fire protection system.
(c) The written contract described in paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) shall provide that, in consideration of the transfer by the subdivider or applicant to the mutual water company of the water supply, distribution, and fire protection system, the mutual water company agrees to do all of the following:
(1) Sell and issue securities to the purchasers of the remaining lots in the subdivision on the same terms, except for the price if the difference is justified, as for the initial purchasers.
(2) Cooperate with the subdivider or applicant in the operation, maintenance, and improvement of the present and contemplated water supply, distribution, and fire protection system.
(3) Contract with the subdivider, applicant, or a successor in interest, if a reasonable request is made to do so, for the management of the mutual water company for as long as lots in the subdivision remain unsold. The terms of the contract shall be subject to approval by the board of directors of the mutual water company, including terms related to the compensation to the subdivider, applicant, or successor in interest, if any.
(d) The offering circular described in paragraph (14) of subdivision (a) shall be delivered to each prospective purchaser of the securities and shall include, among other things, all of the following:
(1) A discussion of the water supply, distribution, and fire protection system.
(2) A summary of the opinion of the engineer along with the engineer’s consent, as required by Sections 260.504.2 to 260.504.2.4, inclusive, of Title 10 of the California Code of Regulations.
(3) The area in which the mutual water company intends to provide water service.
(4) A discussion of the rights and duties of the security holders of the mutual water company as set forth in its articles of incorporation and bylaws, including the consequence of failure to pay for water or assessments.
(5) The fact that the articles of incorporation or bylaws provide that the shares or securities of the mutual water company may not be sold separately from the right to water evidenced by the security of the mutual water company and prohibit issuance of fractional shares or securities of the mutual water company.
(6) A discussion of the certificate issued by the State Water Resources Control Board certifying that the water is fit for domestic use.
(7) The limitation imposed on salaries to be paid to personnel operating, or employed by, the mutual water company, including officers and directors.
(8) A discussion of the transferability of the securities, the voting rights of the security holders, access to books and records, necessary or contemplated expansion of the facilities of the mutual water company, and further subdivision of the area to be served, if applicable.
(9) A discussion of the subdivider’s duties with respect to maintenance and repair or replacement of the water supply, distribution, or fire protection system; and a discussion of the establishment and maintenance of the operating, repair, and replacement fund.
(e) The following exhibits shall also be attached to the offering circular:
(1) A copy of the articles of incorporation and bylaws of the mutual water company, including the articles of incorporation or bylaws recorded under Section 14300.
(2) A copy of financial statements of the mutual water company. If the mutual water company has not yet commenced operations, a detailed operating budget for the first six months of operations should be included as an exhibit to the offering circular. The operating budget must include estimated monthly fees to be charged to the water users.
(3) A specimen certificate evidencing the security to be issued and meeting the requirements of Section 14300.
(f) The Real Estate Commissioner shall prescribe the form and content of the document required by this section.

SEC. 38.

 Section 15911.21 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

15911.21.
 (a) If the approval of outstanding limited partnership interests is required for a limited partnership to participate in a reorganization, pursuant to the limited partnership agreement of the partnership, or otherwise, then each limited partner of the limited partnership holding those interests may, by complying with this article, require the limited partnership to purchase for cash, at its fair market value, the interest owned by the limited partner in the limited partnership, if the interest is a dissenting interest as defined in subdivision (b). The fair market value shall be determined as of the day before the first announcement of the terms of the proposed reorganization, excluding any appreciation or depreciation in consequence of the proposed reorganization.
(b) As used in this article, “dissenting interest” means the interest of a limited partner that satisfies all of the following conditions:
(1) Either:
(A) Was not, immediately prior to the reorganization, either (i) listed on any national securities exchange certified by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under subdivision (o) of Section 25100, or (ii) listed on the list of OTC margin stocks issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, provided that in either instance, the limited partnership whose outstanding interests are so listed provides, in its notice to limited partners requesting their approval of the proposed reorganization, a summary of the provisions of this section and Sections 15911.22, 15911.23, 15911.24, and 15911.25.
(B) If the interest is of a class of interests listed as described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A), demands for payment are filed with respect to 5 percent or more of the outstanding interests of that class.
(2) Was outstanding on the date for the determination of limited partners entitled to vote on the reorganization.
(3) (A) Was not voted in favor of the reorganization, or (B) if the interest is described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), was voted against the reorganization; provided, however, that clause (A) rather than clause (B) of this paragraph applies in any event where the approval for the proposed reorganization is sought by written consent rather than at a meeting.
(4) The limited partner has demanded that it be purchased by the limited partnership at its fair market value in accordance with Section 15911.22.
(5) The limited partner has submitted it for endorsement, if applicable, in accordance with Section 15911.23.
(c) As used in this article, “dissenting limited partner” means the recordholder of a dissenting interest, and includes an assignee of record of such an interest.

SEC. 39.

 Section 17707.07 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

17707.07.
 (a) (1) Causes of action against a dissolved limited liability company, whether arising before or after the dissolution of the limited liability company, may be enforced against any of the following:
(A) Against the dissolved limited liability company to the extent of its undistributed assets, including, without limitation, any insurance assets held by the limited liability company that may be available to satisfy claims.
(B) If any of the assets of the dissolved limited liability company have been distributed to members, against members of the dissolved limited liability company to the extent of the limited liability company assets distributed to them upon dissolution of the limited liability company.
Any member compelled to return distributed assets in an amount that exceeds the sum of the member’s pro rata share of the claim and the amount for which the member could otherwise be held liable under Section 17704.05 or 17704.06 may seek contribution for the excess from any other member or manager, up to the sum of that other person’s pro rata share of the claim and that other person’s liabilities under Section 17704.05 or 17704.06.
(2) Except as set forth in subdivision (c), all causes of action against a member of a dissolved limited liability company arising under this section are extinguished unless the claimant commences a proceeding to enforce the cause of action against that member of a dissolved limited liability company prior to the earlier of the following:
(A) The expiration of the statute of limitations applicable to the cause of action.
(B) Four years after the effective date of the dissolution of the limited liability company.
(3) As a matter of procedure only, and not for purposes of determining liability, members of the dissolved limited liability company may be sued in the name of the limited liability company upon any cause of action against the limited liability company. This section does not affect the rights of the limited liability company or its creditors under Sections 17704.05 and 17704.06, or the rights, if any, of creditors under the Uniform Voidable Transactions Act (Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 3439) of Title 2 of Part 2 of Division 4 of the Civil Code), that may arise against the member of a limited liability company.
(b) Summons or other process against a limited liability company may be served by delivering a copy thereof to a manager, member, officer, or person having charge of its assets or, if none of these persons can be found, to any agent upon whom process might be served at the time of dissolution. If none of those persons can be found with due diligence and it is so shown by affidavit to the satisfaction of the court, then the court may make an order that summons or other process be served upon the dissolved limited liability company by personally delivering a copy of the summons or other process, together with a copy of the order, to the Secretary of State or an assistant or Deputy Secretary of State. Service in this manner is deemed complete on the 10th day after delivery of the process to the Secretary of State. Upon receipt of process and the fee therefor, the Secretary of State shall give notice to the limited liability company as provided in Section 17701.16.
(c) Every limited liability company shall survive and continue to exist indefinitely for the purpose of being sued in any quiet title action. Any judgment rendered in that action shall bind each and all of its members or other persons having any equity or other interest in the limited liability company to the extent of that interest and the action shall have the same force and effect as an action brought under the provisions of Sections 410.50 and 410.60 of the Code of Civil Procedure. Service of summons or other process in any action may be made as provided in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 413.10) of Title 5 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure or as provided in subdivision (b).
(d) For purposes of Article 4 (commencing with Section 19071) of Chapter 4 of Part 10.2 of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code, the liability described in this section shall be considered a liability at law with respect to a dissolved limited liability company.

SEC. 40.

 Section 17711.02 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

17711.02.
 (a) If the approval of outstanding membership interests is required for a limited liability company to participate in a reorganization, pursuant to the limited liability company agreement, or otherwise, then each member of the limited liability company holding those interests may, by complying with this article, require the limited liability company to purchase for cash, at its fair market value, the interest owned by the member in the limited liability company, if the interest is a dissenting interest as defined in subdivision (b). The fair market value shall be determined as of the day before the first announcement of the terms of the proposed reorganization, excluding any appreciation or depreciation in consequence of the proposed reorganization.
(b) As used in this article, “dissenting interest” means the interest of a member that satisfies all of the following conditions:
(1) Either:
(A) Was not, immediately prior to the reorganization, either (i) listed on any national securities exchange certified by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under subdivision (o) of Section 25100, or (ii) listed on the list of OTC margin stocks issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, provided that in either instance the limited liability company whose outstanding interests are so listed provides, in its notice to members requesting their approval of the proposed reorganization, a summary of the provisions of this section and Sections 17711.03, 17711.04, 17711.05, and 17711.06.
(B) If the interest is of a class of interests listed as described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A), demands for payment are filed with respect to 5 percent or more of the outstanding interests of that class.
(2) Was outstanding on the date for the determination of members entitled to vote on the reorganization.
(3) Either:
(A) Was not voted in favor of the reorganization.
(B) If the interest is described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), was voted against the reorganization; provided, however, that subparagraph (A) rather than this subparagraph applies in any event where the approval for the proposed reorganization is sought by written consent rather than at a meeting.
(4) The member has demanded that the interest be purchased by the limited liability company at its fair market value in accordance with Section 17711.03.
(5) The member has submitted the interest for endorsement, if applicable, in accordance with Section 17711.04.
(c) As used in this article, “dissenting member” means the recordholder of a dissenting interest, and includes an assignee of record of that interest.

SEC. 41.

 Section 25004 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25004.
 (a) “Broker-dealer” means any person engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities in this state for the account of others or for that person’s own account. “Broker-dealer” also includes a person engaged in the regular business of issuing or guaranteeing options with regard to securities not of that person’s own issue. “Broker-dealer” does not include any of the following:
(1) Any other issuer.
(2) An agent, when an employee of a broker-dealer or issuer.
(3) A bank, trust company, or savings and loan association.
(4) Any person insofar as that person buys or sells securities for that person’s own account, either individually or in some fiduciary capacity, but not as part of a regular business.
(5) A person who has no place of business in this state if that person effects transactions in this state exclusively with (A) the issuers of the securities involved in the transactions or (B) other broker-dealers.
(6) A broker licensed by the Real Estate Commissioner of this state when engaged in transactions in securities exempted by subdivision (f) or (p) of Section 25100 or in securities the issuance of which is subject to authorization by the Real Estate Commissioner of this state or in transactions exempted by subdivision (e) of Section 25102.
(7) An exchange certified by the Commissioner of Business Oversight pursuant to this section when it is issuing or guaranteeing options. The commissioner may by order certify an exchange under this section upon those conditions as the commissioner by rule or order deems appropriate, and upon notice and opportunity to be heard the commissioner may suspend or revoke that certification, if the commissioner finds that certification, suspension, or revocation to be in the public interest and necessary and appropriate for the protection of investors.
(b) For purposes of this section, an agent is an employee of a broker-dealer under paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) when the agent is employed by or associated with the broker-dealer under all of the following conditions:
(1) The agent is subject to the supervision and control of the broker-dealer.
(2) The agent performs under the name, authority, and marketing policies of the broker-dealer.
(3) The agent discloses to investors the identity of the broker-dealer.
(4) The agent is reported pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 25210 and the rules adopted thereunder.

SEC. 42.

 Section 25014.6 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25014.6.
 “Rollup transaction” means any transaction or series of transactions that directly or indirectly through acquisition or otherwise involves the combination or reorganization of one or more rollup participants and is one of the following:
(a) The offer or sale of securities by a successor entity, whether newly formed or previously existing, to one or more investors of the rollup participants to be combined or reorganized.
(b) The acquisition of the successor entity’s securities by the rollup participants being combined or reorganized; provided however, that a rollup transaction shall not include any transaction that:
(1) The Securities and Exchange Commission exempts from the definition of a rollup transaction pursuant to subparagraph (c) (ii) of Item 901 of Regulation S-K adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
(2) Is determined to be exempt from this definition by the Commissioner of Business Oversight upon the commissioner’s determination that this action is in the public interest and consistent with the protection of investors.
(3) Involves one or more limited partnerships all of the securities of which are, prior to the transaction, securities for which transactions are reported under a transaction reporting plan declared effective before January 1, 1991, by the Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 11A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.
(4) Involves only those issuers not required to register or report under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, if the resulting issuer is also not required to register or report under Section 12.
(5) Involves the reorganization to corporate, trust, or association form or restructuring of a single limited partnership if, as a consequence of the proposed transaction there will be no significant, adverse change in any of the following: voting rights, the term of existence of the entity, management compensation, or investment objectives.
(6) Involves the reorganization to corporate, trust, or association form or restructuring of a single limited partnership if each investor is provided an option to retain a security under substantially the same terms and conditions as the original issue.
(7) Involves the reorganization to corporate, trust, or association form or restructuring of a single limited partnership if transactions in the security issued as a result of the reorganization or restructuring are not reported under a transaction reporting plan declared effective before January 1, 1991, by the Securities and Exchange Commission under Section 11A of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

SEC. 43.

 Section 25023 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25023.
 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), “viatical settlement contract” means an agreement entered into between a person owning a life insurance policy upon the life of a person with a catastrophic or life-threatening illness or condition and another person by which the policy owner receives compensation or anything of value less than the death benefits of the insurance policy in return for an assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of the death benefits or ownership of the insurance policy, and “life settlement contract” means an agreement, other than a viatical settlement contract, for the purchase, sale, assignment, transfer, devise, or bequest of any portion of the death benefit or ownership of a life insurance policy or certificate for consideration that is less than the expected death benefit of the life insurance policy or certificate.
(b) “Viatical settlement contract” and “life settlement contract” do not include any of the following:
(1) The assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of a death benefit, life insurance policy, or certificate of insurance by the insured or the original owner to any person if the assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest (A) is not accompanied by the publication of any advertisement and (B) is not effected by or through a broker-dealer (Section 25004).
(2) The assignment of a life insurance policy to a bank, savings bank, savings association, credit union, or other lender (either licensed or not required to be licensed) as collateral for a loan, or to a stop-loss insurer or reinsurer.
(3) The exercise of accelerated benefits pursuant to the terms of a life insurance policy issued in accordance with the insurance laws of this state.
(4) The assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of any undivided death benefit, life insurance policy, or certificate of insurance by an entity licensed pursuant to Section 10113.2 of the Insurance Code, or a viatical or life settlement provider licensed from another state, to one individual or entity, provided that the individual or entity represents that the individual or entity is purchasing for its own account (or trust account, if the entity is a trustee) and not with a view to or for sale in connection with a distribution of the individual death benefit, life insurance policy, or certificate of insurance.

SEC. 44.

 Section 25100 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25100.
 The following securities are exempted from Sections 25110, 25120, and 25130:
(a) Any security (including a revenue obligation) issued or guaranteed by the United States, any state, any city, county, city and county, public district, public authority, public corporation, public entity, or political subdivision of a state or any agency or corporate or other instrumentality of any one or more of the foregoing; or any certificate of deposit for any of the foregoing.
(b) Any security issued or guaranteed by Canada, any Canadian province, any political subdivision or municipality of that province, or by any other foreign government with which the United States currently maintains diplomatic relations, if the security is recognized as a valid obligation by the issuer or guarantor; or any certificate of deposit for any of the foregoing.
(c) Any security issued or guaranteed by and representing an interest in or a direct obligation of a national bank or a bank or trust company incorporated under the laws of this state, and any security issued by a bank to one or more other banks and representing an interest in an asset of the issuing bank.
(d) Any security issued or guaranteed by a federal savings association or federal savings bank or federal land bank or joint land bank or national farm loan association or by any savings association, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 5102 of the Financial Code, which is subject to the supervision and regulation of the Commissioner of Business Oversight of this state.
(e) Any security (other than an interest in all or portions of a parcel or parcels of real property which are subdivided land or a subdivision or in a real estate development), the issuance of which is subject to authorization by the Insurance Commissioner, the Public Utilities Commission, or the Real Estate Commissioner of this state.
(f) Any security consisting of any interest in all or portions of a parcel or parcels of real property that are subdivided lands or a subdivision or in a real estate development; provided that the exemption in this subdivision shall not be applicable to: (1) any investment contract sold or offered for sale with, or as part of, that interest, or (2) any person engaged in the business of selling, distributing, or supplying water for irrigation purposes or domestic use that is not a public utility except that the exemption is applicable to any security of a mutual water company (other than an investment contract as described in paragraph (1)) offered or sold in connection with subdivided lands pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 14310) of Part 7 of Division 3 of Title 1.
(g) Any mutual capital certificates or savings accounts, as defined in the Savings Association Law, issued by a savings association, as defined by subdivision (a) of Section 5102 of the Financial Code, and holding a license or certificate of authority then in force from the Commissioner of Business Oversight of this state.
(h) Any security issued or guaranteed by any federal credit union, or by any credit union organized and supervised, or regulated, under the Credit Union Law.
(i) Any security issued or guaranteed by any railroad, other common carrier, public utility, or public utility holding company which is regulated in respect of the issuance or guarantee of the security by a governmental authority of the United States, of any state, of Canada or of any Canadian province; and the security is subject to registration with or authorization of issuance by that authority.
(j) Any security (except evidences of indebtedness, whether interest bearing or not) of an issuer (1) organized exclusively for educational, benevolent, fraternal, religious, charitable, social, or reformatory purposes and not for pecuniary profit, if no part of the net earnings of the issuer inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, or (2) organized as a chamber of commerce or trade or professional association. The fact that amounts received from memberships or dues or both will or may be used to construct or otherwise acquire facilities for use by members of the nonprofit organization does not disqualify the organization for this exemption. This exemption does not apply to the securities of any nonprofit organization if any promoter thereof expects or intends to make a profit directly or indirectly from any business or activity associated with the organization or operation of that nonprofit organization or from remuneration received from that nonprofit organization.
(k) Any agreement, commonly known as a “life income contract,” of an issuer (1) organized exclusively for educational, benevolent, fraternal, religious, charitable, social, or reformatory purposes and not for pecuniary profit and (2) which the commissioner designates by rule or order, with a donor in consideration of a donation of property to that issuer and providing for the payment to the donor or persons designated by the donor of income or specified periodic payments from the donated property or other property for the life of the donor or those other persons.
(l) Any note, draft, bill of exchange, or banker’s acceptance which is freely transferable and of prime quality, arises out of a current transaction or the proceeds of which have been or are to be used for current transactions, and which evidences an obligation to pay cash within nine months of the date of issuance, exclusive of days of grace, or any renewal of that paper which is likewise limited, or any guarantee of that paper or of that renewal, provided that the paper is not offered to the public in amounts of less than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) in the aggregate to any one purchaser. In addition, the commissioner may, by rule or order, exempt any issuer of any notes, drafts, bills of exchange, or banker’s acceptances from qualification of those securities when the commissioner finds that the qualification is not necessary or appropriate in the public interest or for the protection of investors.
(m) Any security issued by any corporation organized and existing under the provisions of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 54001) of Division 20 of the Food and Agricultural Code.
(n) Any beneficial interest in an employees’ pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, or similar benefit plan which meets the requirements for qualification under Section 401 of the federal Internal Revenue Code or any statute amendatory thereof or supplementary thereto. A determination letter from the Internal Revenue Service stating that an employees’ pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, or similar benefit plan meets those requirements shall be conclusive evidence that the plan is an employees’ pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, or similar benefit plan within the meaning of the first sentence of this subdivision until the date the determination letter is revoked in writing by the Internal Revenue Service, regardless of whether or not the revocation is retroactive.
(o) Any security listed or approved for listing upon notice of issuance on a national securities exchange, if the exchange has been certified by rule or order of the commissioner and any warrant or right to purchase or subscribe to the security. The exemption afforded by this subdivision does not apply to securities listed or approved for listing upon notice of issuance on a national securities exchange, in a rollup transaction unless the rollup transaction is an eligible rollup transaction as defined in Section 25014.7.
That certification of any exchange shall be made by the commissioner upon the written request of the exchange if the commissioner finds that the exchange, in acting on applications for listing of common stock, substantially applies the minimum standards set forth in either subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1), and, in considering suspension or removal from listing, substantially applies each of the criteria set forth in paragraph (2).
(1) Listing standards:
(A) (i) Shareholders’ equity of at least four million dollars ($4,000,000).
(ii) Pretax income of at least seven hundred fifty thousand dollars ($750,000) in the issuer’s last fiscal year or in two of its last three fiscal years.
(iii) Minimum public distribution of 500,000 shares (exclusive of the holdings of officers, directors, controlling shareholders, and other concentrated or family holdings), together with a minimum of 800 public holders or minimum public distribution of 1,000,000 shares together with a minimum of 400 public holders. The exchange may also consider the listing of a company’s securities if the company has a minimum of 500,000 shares publicly held, a minimum of 400 shareholders and daily trading volume in the issue has been approximately 2,000 shares or more for the six months preceding the date of application. In evaluating the suitability of an issue for listing under this trading provision, the exchange shall review the nature and frequency of that activity and any other factors as it may determine to be relevant in ascertaining whether the issue is suitable for trading. A security that trades infrequently shall not be considered for listing under this paragraph even though average daily volume amounts to 2,000 shares per day or more.
Companies whose securities are concentrated in a limited geographical area, or whose securities are largely held in block by institutional investors, normally may not be considered eligible for listing unless the public distribution appreciably exceeds 500,000 shares.
(iv) Minimum price of three dollars ($3) per share for a reasonable period of time prior to the filing of a listing application; provided, however, in certain instances an exchange may favorably consider listing an issue selling for less than three dollars ($3) per share after considering all pertinent factors, including market conditions in general, whether historically the issue has sold above three dollars ($3) per share, the applicant’s capitalization, and the number of outstanding and publicly held shares of the issue.
(v) An aggregate market value for publicly held shares of at least three million dollars ($3,000,000).
(B) (i) Shareholders’ equity of at least four million dollars ($4,000,000).
(ii) Minimum public distribution set forth in clause (iii) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1).
(iii) Operating history of at least three years.
(iv) An aggregate market value for publicly held shares of at least fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000).
(2) Criteria for consideration of suspension or removal from listing:
(A) If a company that (i) has shareholders’ equity of less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) has sustained net losses in each of its two most recent fiscal years, or (ii) has net tangible assets of less than three million dollars ($3,000,000) and has sustained net losses in three of its four most recent fiscal years.
(B) If the number of shares publicly held (excluding the holdings of officers, directors, controlling shareholders, and other concentrated or family holdings) is less than 150,000.
(C) If the total number of shareholders is less than 400 or if the number of shareholders of lots of 100 shares or more is less than 300.
(D) If the aggregate market value of shares publicly held is less than seven hundred fifty thousand dollars ($750,000).
(E) If shares of common stock sell at a price of less than three dollars ($3) per share for a substantial period of time and the issuer shall fail to effectuate a reverse stock split of the shares within a reasonable period of time after being requested by the exchange to take that action.
A national securities exchange, certified by rule or order of the commissioner under this subdivision, shall file annual reports when requested to do so by the commissioner. The annual reports shall contain, by issuer: the variances granted to an exchange’s listing standards, including variances from corporate governance and voting rights’ standards, for any security of that issuer; the reasons for the variances; a discussion of the review procedure instituted by the exchange to determine the effect of the variances on investors and whether the variances should be continued; and any other information that the commissioner deems relevant. The purpose of these reports is to assist the commissioner in determining whether the quantitative and qualitative requirements of this subdivision are substantially being met by the exchange in general or with regard to any particular security.
The commissioner after appropriate notice and opportunity for hearing in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Act (Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 11500) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code) may, in the commissioner’s discretion, by rule or order, decertify any exchange previously certified that ceases substantially to apply the minimum standards or criteria as set forth in paragraphs (1) and (2).
A rule or order of certification shall conclusively establish that any security listed or approved for listing upon notice of issuance on any exchange named in a rule or order of certification, and any warrant or right to purchase or subscribe to that security, is exempt under this subdivision until the adoption by the commissioner of any rule or order decertifying the exchange.
(p) A promissory note secured by a lien on real property, which is neither one of a series of notes of equal priority secured by interests in the same real property nor a note in which beneficial interests are sold to more than one person or entity.
(q) Any unincorporated interindemnity or reciprocal or interinsurance contract, that qualifies under the provisions of Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code, between members of a cooperative corporation, organized and operating under Part 2 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 3 of Title 1, and whose members consist only of physicians and surgeons licensed in California, which contracts indemnify solely in respect to medical malpractice claims against the members, and which do not collect in advance of loss any moneys other than contributions by each member to a collective reserve trust fund or for necessary expenses of administration.
(1) Whenever it appears to the commissioner that any person has engaged or is about to engage in any act or practice constituting a violation of any provision of Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code, the commissioner may, in the commissioner’s discretion, bring an action in the name of the people of the State of California in the superior court to enjoin the acts or practices or to enforce compliance with Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code. Upon a proper showing a permanent or preliminary injunction, a restraining order, or a writ of mandate shall be granted and a receiver or conservator may be appointed for the defendant or the defendant’s assets.
(2) The commissioner may, in the commissioner’s discretion, (A) make public or private investigations within or outside of this state as the commissioner deems necessary to determine whether any person has violated or is about to violate any provision of Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code or to aid in the enforcement of Section 1280.7, and (B) publish information concerning the violation of Section 1280.7.
(3) For the purpose of any investigation or proceeding under this section, the commissioner or any officer designated by the commissioner may administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the production of any books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, agreements, or other documents or records which the commissioner deems relevant or material to the inquiry.
(4) In case of contumacy by, or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to, any person, the superior court, upon application by the commissioner, may issue to the person an order requiring the person to appear before the commissioner, or the officer designated by the commissioner, to produce documentary evidence, if so ordered, or to give evidence touching the matter under investigation or in question. Failure to obey the order of the court may be punished by the court as contempt.
(5) No person is excused from attending or testifying or from producing any document or record before the commissioner or in obedience to the subpoena of the commissioner or any officer designated by the commissioner, or in any proceeding instituted by the commissioner, on the ground that the testimony or evidence (documentary or otherwise), required of the person may tend to incriminate the person or subject the person to a penalty or forfeiture, but no individual may be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning which the person is compelled, after validly claiming the privilege against self-incrimination, to testify or produce evidence (documentary or otherwise), except that the individual testifying is not exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury or contempt committed in testifying.
(6) The cost of any review, examination, audit, or investigation made by the commissioner under Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code shall be paid to the commissioner by the person subject to the review, examination, audit, or investigation, and the commissioner may maintain an action for the recovery of these costs in any court of competent jurisdiction. In determining the cost, the commissioner may use the actual amount of the salary or other compensation paid to the persons making the review, examination, audit, or investigation plus the actual amount of expenses including overhead reasonably incurred in the performance of the work.
The recoverable cost of each review, examination, audit, or investigation made by the commissioner under Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code shall not exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000), except that costs exceeding twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) shall be recoverable if the costs are necessary to prevent a violation of any provision of Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code.
(r) Any shares or memberships issued by any corporation organized and existing pursuant to the provisions of Part 2 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 3 of Title 1, provided the aggregate investment of any shareholder or member in shares or memberships sold pursuant to this subdivision does not exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000). This exemption does not apply to the shares or memberships of that corporation if any promoter thereof expects or intends to make a profit directly or indirectly from any business or activity associated with the corporation or the operation of the corporation or from remuneration, other than reasonable salary, received from the corporation. This exemption does not apply to nonvoting shares or memberships of that corporation issued to any person who does not possess, and who will not acquire in connection with the issuance of nonvoting shares or memberships, voting power (Section 12253) in the corporation. This exemption also does not apply to shares or memberships issued by a nonprofit cooperative corporation organized to facilitate the creation of an unincorporated interindemnity arrangement that provides indemnification for medical malpractice to its physician and surgeon members as set forth in subdivision (q).
(s) Any security consisting of or representing an interest in a pool of mortgage loans that meets each of the following requirements:
(1) The pool consists of whole mortgage loans or participation interests in those loans, which loans were originated or acquired in the ordinary course of business by a national bank or federal savings association or federal savings bank having its principal office in this state, by a bank incorporated under the laws of this state, or by a savings association as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 5102 of the Financial Code and which is subject to the supervision and regulation of the Commissioner of Business Oversight, and each of which at the time of transfer to the pool is an authorized investment for the originating or acquiring institution.
(2) The pool of mortgage loans is held in trust by a trustee which is a financial institution specified in paragraph (1) as trustee or otherwise.
(3) The loans are serviced by a financial institution specified in paragraph (1).
(4) The security is not offered in amounts of less than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) in the aggregate to any one purchaser.
(5) The security is offered pursuant to a registration under the Securities Act of 1933 (Public Law 112-106), as amended, or pursuant to an exemption under Regulation A under that act, or in the opinion of counsel for the issuer, is offered pursuant to an exemption under Section 4(a)(2) of that act.
(t) (1) Any security issued or guaranteed by and representing an interest in or a direct obligation of an industrial bank incorporated under the laws of the state and authorized by the Commissioner of Business Oversight to engage in industrial banking business.
(2) Any investment certificate in or issued by any industrial bank that is organized under the laws of a state of the United States other than this state, that is insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and that maintains a branch office in this state.

SEC. 45.

 Section 25102 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25102.
 The following transactions are exempted from the provisions of Section 25110:
(a) Any offer (but not a sale) not involving any public offering and the execution and delivery of any agreement for the sale of securities pursuant to the offer if (1) the agreement contains substantially the following provision: “The sale of the securities that are the subject of this agreement has not been qualified with the Commissioner of Business Oversight and the issuance of the securities or the payment or receipt of any part of the consideration therefor prior to the qualification is unlawful, unless the sale of securities is exempt from the qualification by Section 25100, 25102, or 25105 of the California Corporations Code. The rights of all parties to this agreement are expressly conditioned upon the qualification being obtained, unless the sale is so exempt;” and (2) no part of the purchase price is paid or received and none of the securities are issued until the sale of the securities is qualified under this law unless the sale of securities is exempt from the qualification by this section or Section 25100 or 25105.
(b) Any offer (but not a sale) of a security for which a registration statement has been filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, but has not yet become effective, or for which an offering statement under Regulation A has been filed but has not yet been qualified, if no stop order or refusal order is in effect and no public proceeding or examination looking towards an order is pending under Section 8 of the act and no order under Section 25140 or subdivision (a) of Section 25143 is in effect under this law.
(c) Any offer (but not a sale) and the execution and delivery of any agreement for the sale of securities pursuant to the offer as may be permitted by the commissioner upon application. Any negotiating permit under this subdivision shall be conditioned to the effect that none of the securities may be issued and none of the consideration therefor may be received or accepted until the sale of the securities is qualified under this law.
(d) Any transaction or agreement between the issuer and an underwriter or among underwriters if the sale of the securities is qualified, or exempt from qualification, at the time of distribution thereof in this state, if any.
(e) Any offer or sale of any evidence of indebtedness, whether secured or unsecured, and any guarantee thereof, in a transaction not involving any public offering.
(f) Any offer or sale of any security in a transaction (other than an offer or sale to a pension or profit-sharing trust of the issuer) that meets each of the following criteria:
(1) Sales of the security are not made to more than 35 persons, including persons not in this state.
(2) All purchasers either have a preexisting personal or business relationship with the offeror or any of its partners, officers, directors or controlling persons, or managers (as appointed or elected by the members) if the offeror is a limited liability company, or by reason of their business or financial experience or the business or financial experience of their professional advisers who are unaffiliated with and who are not compensated by the issuer or any affiliate or selling agent of the issuer, directly or indirectly, could be reasonably assumed to have the capacity to protect their own interests in connection with the transaction.
(3) Each purchaser represents that the purchaser is purchasing for the purchaser’s own account (or a trust account if the purchaser is a trustee) and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution of the security.
(4) The offer and sale of the security is not accomplished by the publication of any advertisement. The number of purchasers referred to above is exclusive of any described in subdivision (i), any officer, director, or affiliate of the issuer, or manager (as appointed or elected by the members) if the issuer is a limited liability company, and any other purchaser who the commissioner designates by rule. For purposes of this section, spouses (together with any custodian or trustee acting for the account of their minor children) are counted as one person and a partnership, corporation, or other organization that was not specifically formed for the purpose of purchasing the security offered in reliance upon this exemption, is counted as one person. The commissioner shall by rule require the issuer to file a notice of transactions under this subdivision.
The failure to file the notice or the failure to file the notice within the time specified by the rule of the commissioner shall not affect the availability of the exemption. Any issuer that fails to file the notice as provided by rule of the commissioner shall, within 15 business days after discovery of the failure to file the notice or after demand by the commissioner, whichever occurs first, file the notice and pay to the commissioner a fee equal to the fee payable had the transaction been qualified under Section 25110. Neither the filing of the notice nor the failure by the commissioner to comment thereon precludes the commissioner from taking any action that the commissioner deems necessary or appropriate under this division with respect to the offer and sale of the securities.
(g) Any offer or sale of conditional sale agreements, equipment trust certificates, or certificates of interest or participation therein or partial assignments thereof, covering the purchase of railroad rolling stock or equipment or the purchase of motor vehicles, aircraft, or parts thereof, in a transaction not involving any public offering.
(h) Any offer or sale of voting common stock by a corporation incorporated in any state if, immediately after the proposed sale and issuance, there will be only one class of stock of the corporation outstanding that is owned beneficially by no more than 35 persons, provided all of the following requirements have been met:
(1) The offer and sale of the stock is not accompanied by the publication of any advertisement, and no selling expenses have been given, paid, or incurred in connection therewith.
(2) The consideration to be received by the issuer for the stock to be issued consists of any of the following:
(A) Only assets (which may include cash) of an existing business enterprise transferred to the issuer upon its initial organization, of which all of the persons who are to receive the stock to be issued pursuant to this exemption were owners during, and the enterprise was operated for, a period of not less than one year immediately preceding the proposed issuance, and the ownership of the enterprise immediately prior to the proposed issuance was in the same proportions as the shares of stock are to be issued.
(B) Only cash or cancellation of indebtedness for money borrowed, or both, upon the initial organization of the issuer, provided all of the stock is issued for the same price per share.
(C) Only cash, provided the sale is approved in writing by each of the existing shareholders and the purchaser or purchasers are existing shareholders.
(D) In a case where after the proposed issuance there will be only one owner of the stock of the issuer, only any legal consideration.
(3) No promotional consideration has been given, paid, or incurred in connection with the issuance. Promotional consideration means any consideration paid directly or indirectly to a person who, acting alone or in conjunction with one or more other persons, takes the initiative in founding and organizing the business or enterprise of an issuer for services rendered in connection with the founding or organizing.
(4) A notice in a form prescribed by rule of the commissioner, signed by an active member of the State Bar of California, is filed with or mailed for filing to the commissioner not later than 10 business days after receipt of consideration for the securities by the issuer. That notice shall contain an opinion of the member of the State Bar of California that the exemption provided by this subdivision is available for the offer and sale of the securities. The failure to file the notice as required by this subdivision and the rules of the commissioner shall not affect the availability of this exemption. An issuer who fails to file the notice within the time specified by this subdivision shall, within 15 business days after discovery of the failure to file the notice or after demand by the commissioner, whichever occurs first, file the notice and pay to the commissioner a fee equal to the fee payable had the transaction been qualified under Section 25110. The notice, except when filed on behalf of a California corporation, shall be accompanied by an irrevocable consent, in the form that the commissioner by rule prescribes, appointing the commissioner or the commissioner’s successor in office to be the issuer’s attorney to receive service of any lawful process in any noncriminal suit, action, or proceeding against it or its successor that arises under this law or any rule or order hereunder after the consent has been filed, with the same force and validity as if served personally on the issuer. An issuer on whose behalf a consent has been filed in connection with a previous qualification or exemption from qualification under this law (or application for a permit under any prior law if the application or notice under this law states that the consent is still effective) need not file another. Service may be made by leaving a copy of the process in the office of the commissioner, but it is not effective unless (A) the plaintiff, who may be the commissioner in a suit, action, or proceeding instituted by the commissioner, forthwith sends notice of the service and a copy of the process by registered or certified mail to the defendant or respondent at its last address on file with the commissioner, and (B) the plaintiff’s affidavit of compliance with this section is filed in the case on or before the return day of the process, if any, or within the further time as the court allows.
(5) Each purchaser represents that the purchaser is purchasing for the purchaser’s own account, or a trust account if the purchaser is a trustee, and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution of the stock.
For the purposes of this subdivision, all securities held by spouses, whether or not jointly, shall be considered to be owned by one person, and all securities held by a corporation that has issued stock pursuant to this exemption shall be considered to be held by the shareholders to whom it has issued the stock.
All stock issued by a corporation pursuant to this subdivision as it existed prior to the effective date of the amendments to this section made during the 1996 portion of the 1995–96 Regular Session that required the issuer to have stamped or printed prominently on the face of the stock certificate a legend in a form prescribed by rule of the commissioner restricting transfer of the stock in a manner provided for by that rule shall not be subject to the transfer restriction legend requirement and, by operation of law, the corporation is authorized to remove that transfer restriction legend from the certificates of those shares of stock issued by the corporation pursuant to this subdivision as it existed prior to the effective date of the amendments to this section made during the 1996 portion of the 1995–96 Regular Session.
(i) Any offer or sale (1) to a bank, savings and loan association, trust company, insurance company, investment company registered under the federal Investment Company Act of 1940, pension or profit-sharing trust (other than a pension or profit-sharing trust of the issuer, a self-employed individual retirement plan, or individual retirement account), or other institutional investor or governmental agency or instrumentality that the commissioner may designate by rule, whether the purchaser is acting for itself or as trustee, or (2) to any corporation with outstanding securities registered under Section 12 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or any wholly owned subsidiary of the corporation that after the offer and sale will own directly or indirectly 100 percent of the outstanding capital stock of the issuer, provided the purchaser represents that it is purchasing for its own account (or for the trust account) for investment and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution of the security.
(j) Any offer or sale of any certificate of interest or participation in an oil or gas title or lease (including subsurface gas storage and payments out of production) if either of the following apply:
(1) All of the purchasers meet one of the following requirements:
(A) Are and have been during the preceding two years engaged primarily in the business of drilling for, producing, or refining oil or gas (or whose corporate predecessor, in the case of a corporation, has been so engaged).
(B) Are persons described in paragraph (1) of subdivision (i).
(C) Have been found by the commissioner upon written application to be substantially engaged in the business of drilling for, producing, or refining oil or gas so as not to require the protection provided by this law (which finding shall be effective until rescinded).
(2) The security is concurrently hypothecated to a bank in the ordinary course of business to secure a loan made by the bank, provided that each purchaser represents that it is purchasing for its own account for investment and not with a view to or for sale in connection with any distribution of the security.
(k) Any offer or sale of any security under, or pursuant to, a plan of reorganization under Chapter 11 of the federal bankruptcy law that has been confirmed or is subject to confirmation by the decree or order of a court of competent jurisdiction.
(l) Any offer or sale of an option, warrant, put, call, or straddle, and any guarantee of any of these securities, by a person who is not the issuer of the security subject to the right, if the transaction, had it involved an offer or sale of the security subject to the right by the person, would not have violated Section 25110 or 25130.
(m) Any offer or sale of a stock to a pension, profit-sharing, stock bonus, or employee stock ownership plan, provided that (1) the plan meets the requirements for qualification under Section 401 of the Internal Revenue Code, and (2) the employees are not required or permitted individually to make any contributions to the plan. The exemption provided by this subdivision shall not be affected by whether the stock is contributed to the plan, purchased from the issuer with contributions by the issuer or an affiliate of the issuer, or purchased from the issuer with funds borrowed from the issuer, an affiliate of the issuer, or any other lender.
(n) Any offer or sale of any security in a transaction, other than an offer or sale of a security in a rollup transaction, that meets all of the following criteria:
(1) The issuer is (A) a California corporation or foreign corporation that, at the time of the filing of the notice required under this subdivision, is subject to Section 2115, or (B) any other form of business entity, including without limitation a partnership or trust organized under the laws of this state. The exemption provided by this subdivision is not available to a “blind pool” issuer, as that term is defined by the commissioner, or to an investment company subject to the federal Investment Company Act of 1940.
(2) Sales of securities are made only to qualified purchasers or other persons the issuer reasonably believes, after reasonable inquiry, to be qualified purchasers. A corporation, partnership, or other organization specifically formed for the purpose of acquiring the securities offered by the issuer in reliance upon this exemption may be a qualified purchaser if each of the equity owners of the corporation, partnership, or other organization is a qualified purchaser. Qualified purchasers include the following:
(A) A person designated in Section 260.102.13 of Title 10 of the California Code of Regulations.
(B) A person designated in subdivision (i) or any rule of the commissioner adopted thereunder.
(C) A pension or profit-sharing trust of the issuer, a self-employed individual retirement plan, or an individual retirement account, if the investment decisions made on behalf of the trust, plan, or account are made solely by persons who are qualified purchasers.
(D) An organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, corporation, Massachusetts or similar business trust, or partnership, each with total assets in excess of five million dollars ($5,000,000) according to its most recent audited financial statements.
(E) With respect to the offer and sale of one class of voting common stock of an issuer or of preferred stock of an issuer entitling the holder thereof to at least the same voting rights as the issuer’s one class of voting common stock, provided that the issuer has only one-class voting common stock outstanding upon consummation of the offer and sale, a natural person who, either individually or jointly with the person’s spouse, (i) has a minimum net worth of two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000) and had, during the immediately preceding tax year, gross income in excess of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) and reasonably expects gross income in excess of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) during the current tax year or (ii) has a minimum net worth of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000). “Net worth” shall be determined exclusive of home, home furnishings, and automobiles. Other assets included in the computation of net worth may be valued at fair market value.
Each natural person specified above, by reason of that person’s business or financial experience, or the business or financial experience of that person’s professional adviser, who is unaffiliated with and who is not compensated, directly or indirectly, by the issuer or any affiliate or selling agent of the issuer, can be reasonably assumed to have the capacity to protect that person’s interests in connection with the transaction. The amount of the investment of each natural person shall not exceed 10 percent of the net worth, as determined by this subparagraph, of that natural person.
(F) Any other purchaser designated as qualified by rule of the commissioner.
(3) Each purchaser represents that the purchaser is purchasing for the purchaser’s own account (or trust account, if the purchaser is a trustee) and not with a view to or for sale in connection with a distribution of the security.
(4) Each natural person purchaser, including a corporation, partnership, or other organization specifically formed by natural persons for the purpose of acquiring the securities offered by the issuer, receives, at least five business days before securities are sold to, or a commitment to purchase is accepted from, the purchaser, a written offering disclosure statement that shall meet the disclosure requirements of Regulation D (17 C.F.R. 230.501 et seq.), and any other information as may be prescribed by rule of the commissioner, provided that the issuer shall not be obligated pursuant to this paragraph to provide this disclosure statement to a natural person qualified under Section 260.102.13 of Title 10 of the California Code of Regulations. The offer or sale of securities pursuant to a disclosure statement required by this paragraph that is in violation of Section 25401, or that fails to meet the disclosure requirements of Regulation D (17 C.F.R. 230.501 et seq.), shall not render unavailable to the issuer the claim of an exemption from Section 25110 afforded by this subdivision. This paragraph does not impose, directly or indirectly, any additional disclosure obligation with respect to any other exemption from qualification available under any other provision of this section.
(5) (A) A general announcement of proposed offering may be published by written document only, provided that the general announcement of proposed offering sets forth the following required information:
(i) The name of the issuer of the securities.
(ii) The full title of the security to be issued.
(iii) The anticipated suitability standards for prospective purchasers.
(iv) A statement that (I) no money or other consideration is being solicited or will be accepted, (II) an indication of interest made by a prospective purchaser involves no obligation or commitment of any kind, and, if the issuer is required by paragraph (4) to deliver a disclosure statement to prospective purchasers, (III) no sales will be made or commitment to purchase accepted until five business days after delivery of a disclosure statement and subscription information to the prospective purchaser in accordance with the requirements of this subdivision.
(v) Any other information required by rule of the commissioner.
(vi) The following legend: “For more complete information about (Name of Issuer) and (Full Title of Security), send for additional information from (Name and Address) by sending this coupon or calling (Telephone Number).”
(B) The general announcement of proposed offering referred to in subparagraph (A) may also set forth the following information:
(i) A brief description of the business of the issuer.
(ii) The geographic location of the issuer and its business.
(iii) The price of the security to be issued, or, if the price is not known, the method of its determination or the probable price range as specified by the issuer, and the aggregate offering price.
(C) The general announcement of proposed offering shall contain only the information that is set forth in this paragraph.
(D) Dissemination of the general announcement of proposed offering to persons who are not qualified purchasers, without more, shall not disqualify the issuer from claiming the exemption under this subdivision.
(6) No telephone solicitation shall be permitted until the issuer has determined that the prospective purchaser to be solicited is a qualified purchaser.
(7) The issuer files a notice of transaction under this subdivision both (A) concurrent with the publication of a general announcement of proposed offering or at the time of the initial offer of the securities, whichever occurs first, accompanied by a filing fee, and (B) within 10 business days following the close or abandonment of the offering, but in no case more than 210 days from the date of filing the first notice. The first notice of transaction under subparagraph (A) shall contain an undertaking, in a form acceptable to the commissioner, to deliver any disclosure statement required by paragraph (4) to be delivered to prospective purchasers, and any supplement thereto, to the commissioner within 10 days of the commissioner’s request for the information. The exemption from qualification afforded by this subdivision is unavailable if an issuer fails to file the first notice required under subparagraph (A) or to pay the filing fee. The commissioner has the authority to assess an administrative penalty of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000) against an issuer that fails to deliver the disclosure statement required to be delivered to the commissioner upon the commissioner’s request within the time period set forth above. Neither the filing of the disclosure statement nor the failure by the commissioner to comment thereon precludes the commissioner from taking any action deemed necessary or appropriate under this division with respect to the offer and sale of the securities.
(o) An offer or sale of any security issued by a corporation or limited liability company pursuant to a purchase plan or agreement, or issued pursuant to an option plan or agreement, where the security at the time of issuance or grant is exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, pursuant to Rule 701 adopted pursuant to that act (17 C.F.R. 230.701), the provisions of which are hereby incorporated by reference into this section, provided that (1) the terms of any purchase plan or agreement shall comply with Sections 260.140.42, 260.140.45, and 260.140.46 of Title 10 of the California Code of Regulations, (2) the terms of any option plan or agreement shall comply with Sections 260.140.41, 260.140.45, and 260.140.46 of Title 10 of the California Code of Regulations, and (3) the issuer files a notice of transaction in accordance with rules adopted by the commissioner no later than 30 days after the initial issuance of any security under that plan, accompanied by a filing fee as prescribed by subdivision (y) of Section 25608. The failure to file the notice of transaction within the time specified in this subdivision shall not affect the availability of this exemption. An issuer that fails to file the notice shall, within 15 business days after discovery of the failure to file the notice or after demand by the commissioner, whichever occurs first, file the notice and pay the commissioner a fee equal to the maximum aggregate fee payable had the transaction been qualified under Section 25110.
Offers and sales exempt pursuant to this subdivision shall be deemed to be part of a single, discrete offering and are not subject to integration with any other offering or sale, whether qualified under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 25110), or otherwise exempt, or not subject to qualification.
(p) An offer or sale of nonredeemable securities to accredited investors (Section 28031) by a person licensed under the Capital Access Company Law (Division 3 (commencing with Section 28000) of Title 4), provided that all purchasers either (1) have a preexisting personal or business relationship with the offeror or any of its partners, officers, directors, controlling persons, or managers (as appointed or elected by the members), or (2) by reason of their business or financial experience or the business or financial experience of their professional advisers who are unaffiliated with and who are not compensated by the issuer or any affiliate or selling agent of the issuer, directly or indirectly, could be reasonably assumed to have the capacity to protect their own interests in connection with the transaction. All nonredeemable securities shall be evidenced by certificates that shall have stamped or printed prominently on their face a legend in a form to be prescribed by rule or order of the commissioner restricting transfer of the securities in the manner as the rule or order provides. The exemption under this subdivision shall not be available for any offering that is exempt or asserted to be exempt pursuant to Section 3(a)(11) of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. Sec. 77c(a)(11)) or Rule 147 (17 C.F.R. 230.147) thereunder or otherwise is conducted by means of any form of general solicitation or general advertising.
(q) Any offer or sale of any viatical or life settlement contract or fractionalized or pooled interest therein in a transaction that meets all of the following criteria:
(1) Sales of securities described in this subdivision are made only to qualified purchasers or other persons the issuer reasonably believes, after reasonable inquiry, to be qualified purchasers. A corporation, partnership, or other organization specifically formed for the purpose of acquiring the securities offered by the issuer in reliance upon this exemption may be a qualified purchaser only if each of the equity owners of the corporation, partnership, or other organization is a qualified purchaser. Qualified purchasers include the following:
(A) A person designated in Section 260.102.13 of Title 10 of the California Code of Regulations.
(B) A person designated in subdivision (i) or any rule of the commissioner adopted thereunder.
(C) A pension or profit-sharing trust of the issuer, a self-employed individual retirement plan, or an individual retirement account, if the investment decisions made on behalf of the trust, plan, or account are made solely by persons who are qualified purchasers.
(D) An organization described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, corporation, Massachusetts or similar business trust, or partnership, each with total assets in excess of five million dollars ($5,000,000) according to its most recent audited financial statements.
(E) A natural person who, either individually or jointly with the person’s spouse, (i) has a minimum net worth of one hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000) and had, during the immediately preceding tax year, gross income in excess of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) and reasonably expects gross income in excess of one hundred thousand dollars ($100,000) during the current tax year or (ii) has a minimum net worth of two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000). “Net worth” shall be determined exclusive of home, home furnishings, and automobiles. Other assets included in the computation of net worth may be valued at fair market value.
Each natural person specified above, by reason of that person’s business or financial experience, or the business or financial experience of that person’s professional adviser, who is unaffiliated with and who is not compensated, directly or indirectly, by the issuer or any affiliate or selling agent of the issuer, can be reasonably assumed to have the capacity to protect that person’s interests in connection with the transaction.
The amount of the investment of each natural person shall not exceed 10 percent of the net worth, as determined by this subdivision, of that natural person.
(F) Any other purchaser designated as qualified by rule of the commissioner.
(2) Each purchaser represents that the purchaser is purchasing for the purchaser’s own account (or trust account, if the purchaser is a trustee) and not with a view to or for sale in connection with a distribution of the security.
(3) Each natural person purchaser, including a corporation, partnership, or other organization specifically formed by natural persons for the purpose of acquiring the securities offered by the issuer, receives, at least five business days before securities described in this subdivision are sold to, or a commitment to purchase is accepted from, the purchaser, the following information in writing:
(A) The name, principal business and mailing address, and telephone number of the issuer.
(B) The suitability standards for prospective purchasers as set forth in paragraph (1) of this subdivision.
(C) A description of the issuer’s type of business organization and the state in which the issuer is organized or incorporated.
(D) A brief description of the business of the issuer.
(E) If the issuer retains ownership or becomes the beneficiary of the insurance policy, an audit report of an independent certified public accountant together with a balance sheet and related statements of income, retained earnings, and cashflows that reflect the issuer’s financial position, the results of the issuer’s operations, and the issuer’s cashflows as of a date within 15 months before the date of the initial issuance of the securities described in this subdivision. The financial statements listed in this subparagraph shall be prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. If the date of the audit report is more than 120 days before the date of the initial issuance of the securities described in this subdivision, the issuer shall provide unaudited interim financial statements.
(F) The names of all directors, officers, partners, members, or trustees of the issuer.
(G) A description of any order, judgment, or decree that is final as to the issuing entity of any state, federal, or foreign country governmental agency or administrator, or of any state, federal, or foreign country court of competent jurisdiction (i) revoking, suspending, denying, or censuring for cause any license, permit, or other authority of the issuer or of any director, officer, partner, member, trustee, or person owning or controlling, directly or indirectly, 10 percent or more of the outstanding interest or equity securities of the issuer, to engage in the securities, commodities, franchise, insurance, real estate, or lending business or in the offer or sale of securities, commodities, franchises, insurance, real estate, or loans, (ii) permanently restraining, enjoining, barring, suspending, or censuring any such person from engaging in or continuing any conduct, practice, or employment in connection with the offer or sale of securities, commodities, franchises, insurance, real estate, or loans, (iii) convicting any such person of, or pleading nolo contendere by any such person to, any felony or misdemeanor involving a security, commodity, franchise, insurance, real estate, or loan, or any aspect of the securities, commodities, franchise, insurance, real estate, or lending business, or involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit, embezzlement, fraudulent conversion, or misappropriation of property, or (iv) holding any such person liable in a civil action involving breach of a fiduciary duty, fraud, deceit, embezzlement, fraudulent conversion, or misappropriation of property. This subparagraph does not apply to any order, judgment, or decree that has been vacated, overturned, or is more than 10 years old.
(H) Notice of the purchaser’s right to rescind or cancel the investment and receive a refund pursuant to Section 25508.5.
(I) The name, address, and telephone number of the issuing insurance company, and the name, address, and telephone number of the state or foreign country regulator of the insurance company.
(J) The total face value of the insurance policy and the percentage of the insurance policy the purchaser will own.
(K) The insurance policy number, issue date, and type.
(L) If a group insurance policy, the name, address, and telephone number of the group, and, if applicable, the material terms and conditions of converting the policy to an individual policy, including the amount of increased premiums.
(M) If a term insurance policy, the term and the name, address, and telephone number of the person who will be responsible for renewing the policy if necessary.
(N) That the insurance policy is beyond the state statute for contestability and the reason therefor.
(O) The insurance policy premiums and terms of premium payments.
(P) The amount of the purchaser’s moneys that will be set aside to pay premiums.
(Q) The name, address, and telephone number of the person who will be the insurance policy owner and the person who will be responsible for paying premiums.
(R) The date on which the purchaser will be required to pay premiums and the amount of the premium, if known.
(S) A statement to the effect that any projected rate of return to the purchaser from the purchase of a viatical or life settlement contract or a fractionalized or pooled interest therein is based on an estimated life expectancy for the person insured under the life insurance policy; that the return on the purchase may vary substantially from the expected rate of return based upon the actual life expectancy of the insured that may be less than, equal to, or may greatly exceed the estimated life expectancy; and that the rate of return would be higher if the actual life expectancy were less than, and lower if the actual life expectancy were greater than the estimated life expectancy of the insured at the time the viatical or life settlement contract was closed.
(T) A statement that the purchaser should consult with the purchaser’s tax adviser regarding the tax consequences of the purchase of the viatical or life settlement contract or fractionalized or pooled interest therein and, if the purchaser is using retirement funds or accounts for that purchase, whether or not any adverse tax consequences might result from the use of those funds for the purchase of that investment.
(U) Any other information as may be prescribed by rule of the commissioner.

SEC. 46.

 Section 25102.1 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25102.1.
 The following transactions are not subject to Sections 25110, 25120, and 25130:
(a) Any offer or sale of a security to a “qualified purchaser” as that term is defined by rule of the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Section 18(b)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C. 77r), if all of the following requirements are met:
(1) A notice is filed with the commissioner prior to an offer in this state, along with any documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in annual or periodic reports that the commissioner by rule or order deems appropriate.
(2) A consent to service of process under Section 25165 is filed with the notice required by paragraph (1).
(3) Payment of a notice filing fee provided for in subdivision (b) of Section 25608.1.
(b) Any offer and sale of a security with respect to a transaction that is exempt from registration under Section 4(4) of the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Section 18(b)(4)(B) of that act.
(c) Any offer or sale of a security with respect to a transaction that is exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Section 18(b)(4)(C) of that act.
(d) Any offer or sale of a security with respect to a transaction that is exempt from registration under the Securities Act of 1933 pursuant to Section 18 (b)(4)(F) of that act, if all of the following requirements are met:
(1) A notice in the form of a copy of the completed Form D (17 C.F.R. 239.500) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission is filed with the commissioner within 15 days of the first sale in this state, along with documents filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in annual or periodic reports that the commissioner by rule or order deems appropriate. The commissioner may allow for a notice in the form of the electronic transmission of the information in Form D.
(2) A consent to service of process under Section 25165 is filed with the notice as required by paragraph (1).
(3) Payment of the notice filing fee provided for in subdivision (c) of Section 25608.1 is made.
(e) Notwithstanding the language of subdivisions (a), (b), (c), and (d) of this section, an issuer may file an application for qualification pursuant to Section 25111, 25112, 25113, 25121, 25131, or 25142.

SEC. 47.

 Section 25118 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25118.
 (a) An evidence of indebtedness issued by an entity or guaranteed by an entity that is an affiliate (as defined in Section 150) of the borrower that, on the day the evidence of indebtedness issued or guaranty is first issued or entered into, has total assets of at least two million dollars ($2,000,000) according to its then most recent financial statements, and the purchasers or holders thereof, shall be exempt from the usury provisions of the California Constitution. The financial statements referred to in the preceding sentence shall meet both of the following requirements:
(1) Be as of a date not more than 90 days before the date the evidence of indebtedness or guaranty is first issued or entered into.
(2) Be prepared in accordance with either of the following:
(A) In accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and, if the entity has consolidated subsidiaries, on a consolidated basis.
(B) In accordance with the rules and requirements of the Securities and Exchange Commission, whether or not required by law to be prepared in accordance with those rules and requirements.
(b) Any one or more evidences of indebtedness, and the purchasers or holders thereof, shall be exempt from the usury provisions of the California Constitution if either of the following applies:
(1) The evidences of indebtedness aggregate at the time of issuance at least three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000) in original face amount, or, if the evidences of indebtedness are purchased with original issue discount, they are purchased for an aggregate purchase price at the time of issuance of at least three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000).
(2) The evidences of indebtedness are issued pursuant to a bona fide written commitment for the lending to the issuer of at least three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000), or the provision of a line of credit to the issuer in a principal amount of at least three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000). The exemption provided by this paragraph shall not be affected by a subsequent event of default or other event not in the lender’s control that has relieved or may relieve the lender from its commitment.
(c) Any evidence of indebtedness described in subdivision (a) or (b), and the purchasers or holders thereof, shall be entitled to the benefits of the usury exemption contained in this section regardless of whether, at any time after the evidence of indebtedness or guaranty upon which the exemption is based is first issued or entered into, the evidence of indebtedness or guaranty is determined by a court of competent jurisdiction not to be a “security.”
(d) This section creates and authorizes a class of transactions and persons pursuant to Section 1 of Article XV of the California Constitution.
(e) This section does not apply to:
(1) Any evidence of indebtedness issued or guaranteed (if the guaranty is part of the consideration for the indebtedness) by an individual, a revocable trust having one or more individuals as trustors, or a partnership in which, at the time of issuance, one or more individuals are general partners.
(2) Any transaction subject to the limitation on permissible rates of interest set forth in paragraph (1) of the first sentence of Section 1 of Article XV of the California Constitution.
(f) The exemptions created by this section shall only be available in a transaction that meets either of the following criteria:
(1) The lender and either the issuer of the indebtedness or the guarantor, as the case may be, or any of their respective officers, directors, or controlling persons, or, if any party is a limited liability company, the managers as appointed or elected by the members, have a preexisting personal or business relationship.
(2) The lender and the issuer, or the lender and the guarantor, by reason of their own business and financial experience or that of their professional advisers, could reasonably be assumed to have the capacity to protect their own interests in connection with the transaction.
(g) For purposes of this section, “preexisting personal or business relationship” and “capacity to protect their own interests in connection with the transaction” as used in subdivision (f) shall have the same meaning as, and be determined according to the same standards as, specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (f) of Section 25102 and its implementing regulations provided that, solely with respect to this section, a lender or purchaser who is represented by counsel may designate that person as its professional adviser whether or not that person is compensated by the issuer or guarantor, as long as that person has a bona fide attorney-client relationship with the lender or purchaser.
(h) This section shall not exempt any person from the application of the California Financing Law (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000) of the Financial Code).

SEC. 48.

 Section 25217 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25217.
 (a) A broker-dealer licensed under this chapter shall not effect any transaction in, or induce or attempt to induce the purchase or sale of, any security in this state unless that broker-dealer and all agents employed by that broker-dealer meet specified and appropriate standards with respect to training, experience, supervision, terms of employment, and other qualifications as the commissioner finds necessary or desirable. The commissioner may establish those standards by rules, which may: (1) appropriately classify broker-dealers and agents (taking into account relevant matters, including types of business done and nature of securities sold); (2) specify that all or any portion of those standards shall be applicable to any class; (3) require persons in any class to pass examinations prescribed in accordance with those rules; and (4) provide that persons in any class, other than a broker-dealer and partners, officers and supervisory employees (which term may be defined by the commissioner’s rules and as so defined shall include branch managers of broker-dealers) of broker-dealers, may be qualified solely on the basis of compliance with such specified standards of training and such other qualifications as the commissioner finds appropriate.
(b) In addition to the fees imposed by Section 25608, the commissioner may prescribe by rule reasonable fees and charges to defray the cost of any examination administered by the commissioner or under the commissioner’s direction. The commissioner may cooperate with national securities associations and national securities exchanges and with the Securities and Exchange Commission in administering examinations and may require broker-dealers and agents to pass examinations administered by or on behalf of any association or exchange or by the Securities and Exchange Commission and to pay to that association or exchange or that commission reasonable fees or charges to defray the costs incurred by that association or exchange or commission in administering the examinations.

SEC. 49.

 Section 25300 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25300.
 (a) No person shall publish any advertisement in this state concerning any security sold or offered for sale in this state unless a true copy of the advertisement has first been filed in the office of the commissioner at least three business days prior to the publication or a shorter period as the commissioner may by rule or order allow.
(b) Subdivision (a) of this section does not apply to:
(1) Any advertisement for any security published by a licensed broker-dealer if the broker-dealer is not effecting transactions in that security as an underwriter or other participant in a distribution for the issuer;
(2) Any advertisement for any security published by an issuer or any underwriter or other participant in a distribution for the issuer if the security or transaction is exempted by the provisions of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 25100) of Part 2 of this division;
(3) Any advertisement for any security in a nonissuer transaction if the security is exempted by Section 25100 or an offer of the security is exempted by subdivision (g) of Section 25104;
(4) Any advertisement permitted or required by Section 5(b)(2) or Section 2(a)(10)(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 with respect to a security which has been registered under the Securities Act of 1933 and qualified for sale in this state;
(5) Any advertisement with respect to (A) a security that is subject to Sections 25100.1 and 25101.1 and the advertisement is permitted or required under the Securities Act of 1933, (B) a transaction that is subject to Section 25102.1 and the advertisement is permitted or required under the Securities Act of 1933, or (C) an investment adviser that is subject to Section 25230.1 and the advertisement is permitted or required under the Investment Adviser Act of 1940; or
(6) Any other advertisement exempted by rule of the commissioner.

SEC. 50.

 Section 25606 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25606.
 (a) The Attorney General shall render to the commissioner opinions upon all questions of law, relating to the construction or interpretation of any law under the commissioner’s jurisdiction or arising in the administration thereof, that may be submitted to the Attorney General by the commissioner, and upon the commissioner’s request shall act as the attorney for the commissioner in actions and proceedings brought by or against the commissioner under or pursuant to any provision of any law under the commissioner’s jurisdiction.
(b) Sections 11041, 11042, and 11043 of the Government Code do not apply to the Commissioner of Business Oversight.

SEC. 51.

 Section 25612.3 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

25612.3.
 Unless otherwise provided by rule, the commissioner shall require the use of the following forms:
(a) Form BD (Uniform Application for Broker-Dealer Registration) for a broker-dealer application.
(b) Form ADV (Uniform Application for Investment Adviser Registration) for an investment adviser application.
(c) Form BDW (Uniform Request for Broker-Dealer Withdrawal) for withdrawing from licensure as a broker-dealer.
(d) Form ADV-W (Notice of Withdrawal from Registration as an Investment Adviser) for withdrawing from licensure as an investment adviser.
(e) Form U4 (Uniform Application for Securities Industry Registration or Transfer) for the reporting of an agent of a broker-dealer or an investment adviser representative or associated person of an investment adviser.
(f) Form U5 (Uniform Termination Notice for Securities Industry Registration) for the reporting of the termination of an agent of a broker-dealer or an investment adviser representative or associated person of an investment adviser.

SEC. 52.

 Section 28505 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

28505.
 Subject to the provisions of Rules 250.10 and 250.10.5 of the Commissioner of Business Oversight (10 C.C.R. Secs. 250.10 and 250.10.5), the commissioner may make available to the public any report filed with the commissioner under this division or under any regulations or order issued under this division.

SEC. 53.

 Section 28715 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

28715.
 Sections 11041, 11042, and 11043 of the Government Code do not apply to the Commissioner of Business Oversight.

SEC. 54.

 Section 31115 of the Corporations Code is amended to read:

31115.
 The commissioner may summarily issue a stop order denying the effectiveness of or suspending or revoking effectiveness of any registration if the commissioner finds:
(a) That there has been a failure to comply with any of the provisions of this law or the rules of the commissioner pertaining thereto.
(b) That the offer or sale of the franchise would constitute misrepresentation to, or deceit or fraud of the purchasers, or that, in the case of a franchise other than a subfranchise, a major inducement to prospective franchisees is fees or other compensation from participation in the sale of additional franchises.
(c) That the applicant has failed to comply with any rule or order of the commissioner issued pursuant to Section 31113.
(d) That any person identified in the application or any officer or director of the franchisor, whether or not identified in the application, meets one or more of the following conditions, and the involvement of this person in the sale or management of the franchise creates an unreasonable risk to prospective franchisees:
(1) Has been convicted of a felony, or pleaded nolo contendere to a felony charge, or held liable in a civil action by final judgment if the felony or civil action involved fraud, embezzlement, fraudulent conversion, or misappropriation of property.
(2) Is subject to any currently effective order of the Securities and Exchange Commission or the securities administrator of any state denying registration to or revoking or suspending the registration of the person as a securities broker or dealer or investment adviser or is subject to any currently effective order of any national securities association or national securities exchange (as defined in the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) suspending or expelling the person from membership in the association or exchange.
(3) Is subject to any currently effective order or ruling of the Federal Trade Commission.
(4) Is subject to any currently effective injunctive or restrictive order relating to business activity as a result of an action brought by any public agency or department, including, without limitation, actions affecting a license as a real estate broker or sales person.

SEC. 55.

 Section 818 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

818.
 Fixed interest railroad bonds meeting the requirements of subdivisions (a) and (b); bonds secured by a mortgage on jointly operated railroad facilities meeting the requirements of subdivision (c); and railroad equipment trust certificates meeting the requirements of subdivision (d).
(a) The railroad bonds are issued by or are assumed, guaranteed, or provision made unconditionally for the payment of principal and interest on specified dates, by a solvent railroad company that meets all of the following conditions:
(1) Operates at least 500 miles of standard gauge road within the continental United States and which has had average annual operating revenues of at least ten million dollars ($10,000,000) during the five years next preceding the investment.
(2) Has an average annual balance of income available for fixed charges for the last 15 years for which the necessary statistical data are available, when divided by an amount equal to its fixed charges for the last fiscal year, shall produce a quotient which is at least 15 percent higher than the quotient obtained by dividing the average annual balance of income available for fixed charges of all class 1 railroads for the same one 5-year period by an amount equal to the fixed charges of all class 1 railroads for the last year in the period.
(3) Has an average “balance of net income” (computed by deducting the sum of its fixed charges and contingent interest charges for the latest fiscal year from the average annual balance available for fixed charges for the latest 15 years for which the necessary statistical data are available) when divided by its average annual railroad operating income for the same 15-year period, shall produce a quotient at least 15 percent greater than the quotient obtained by dividing the average balance of income of all class 1 railroads, computed in the same manner, by the average annual railway operating income of all class 1 railroads for the same 15-year period.
(4) Has an average balance of income available for fixed charges for the last three fiscal years preceding the investment that has not been less than one and one-half times its fixed charges for the last fiscal year.
(b) The railroad bonds are secured by any of the following:
(1) A mortgage, either direct or collateral, which shall be a first mortgage on not less than 75 percent of the mileage subject to the mortgage.
(2) A first mortgage on terminal properties comprising the company’s principal freight or passenger terminal in a city of not less than 250,000 population according to the latest federal or state census.
(3) A refunding mortgage on not less than 75 percent of the railroad mileage owned or operated by the issuing company under which bonds may be issued for retirement or refunding of all debts secured by prior liens on all or any part of the property (other than liens on equipment) subject to the mortgage; provided, that the amount of debt senior to the refunding mortgage is not more than 50 percent of the sum of all senior debt and the refunding mortgage, or that underlying mortgage bonds in an amount equal to at least 50 percent of the debt outstanding under the refunding mortgage are pledged as security under the refunding mortgage.
(4) A first mortgage on railroad property leased to and operated by the company where the lease extends beyond the maturity date of the bonds and the company has guaranteed, assumed, or committed itself under the terms of the lease to pay principal and interest on the bonds.
(c) Bonds secured by a mortgage on jointly operated railroad facilities must be secured by a first mortgage on a terminal, depot, tunnel, or bridge used by or leased to two or more railroads which have jointly and severally agreed unconditionally to pay the interest and principal of the bonds or have unconditionally guaranteed or assumed the payment, one of which railroads must meet the requirements set forth in subdivision (a).
(d) Railroad equipment trust certificates must be issued by a solvent class 1 railroad whose average balance of income available for fixed charges for the last three fiscal years preceding the investment shall be not less than one and one-half times its fixed charges for the last fiscal year. The certificates must be issued to provide funds for the construction or acquisition of new standard gauge railroad equipment made with the approval of the federal Surface Transportation Board and be secured by equipment trust, lease, conditional sales contract, or first lien on equipment. The aggregate principal amount of those obligations shall not exceed 80 percent of the purchase price of the equipment and the certificates shall mature within 15 years from the date of issuance in equal annual, semiannual, or monthly installments, beginning not later than one year after the date of issuance.
(e) As used in this section, the terms “balance of income available for fixed charges,” “fixed charges,” “contingent interest,” and “railway operating income” shall have the same meaning as in the accounting reports filed by common carriers by rail pursuant to regulations of the federal Surface Transportation Board except that “balance of income available for payment of fixed charges” shall be computed before deduction of federal income or excess profits taxes, and “fixed charges” and “contingent interest” of the railroad shall be charges existing as of the time the computation is made excluding charges with respect to debt which has been retired or will be retired within six months and for the payment of which funds have been or are contemporaneously being set aside in trust but including charges with respect to new debt issued or in the process of being issued.

SEC. 56.

 Section 4970 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

4970.
 For purposes of this division:
(a) “Annual percentage rate” means the annual percentage rate for the loan calculated according to the provisions of the federal Truth in Lending Act and the regulations adopted thereunder by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.
(b) “Covered loan” means a consumer loan in which the original principal balance of the loan does not exceed the most current conforming loan limit for a single-family first mortgage loan established by the Federal National Mortgage Association in the case of a mortgage or deed of trust, and where one of the following conditions are met:
(1) For a mortgage or deed of trust, the annual percentage rate at consummation of the transaction will exceed by more than eight percentage points the yield on Treasury securities having comparable periods of maturity on the 15th day of the month immediately preceding the month in which the application for the extension of credit is received by the creditor.
(2) The total points and fees payable by the consumer at or before closing for a mortgage or deed of trust will exceed 6 percent of the total loan amount.
(c) “Points and fees” shall include the following:
(1) All items required to be disclosed as finance charges under Sections 1026.4(a) and 1026.4(b) of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations, including the Official Staff Commentary, as amended from time to time, except interest.
(2) All compensation and fees paid to mortgage brokers in connection with the loan transaction.
(3) All items listed in Section 1026.4(c)(7) of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations, only if the person originating the covered loan receives direct compensation in connection with the charge.
(d) “Consumer loan” means a consumer credit transaction that is secured by real property located in this state used, or intended to be used or occupied, as the principal dwelling of the consumer that is improved by a one-to-four residential unit. “Consumer loan” does not include a reverse mortgage, an open line of credit as defined in Part 1026 of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations (Regulation Z), or a consumer credit transaction that is secured by rental property or second homes. “Consumer loan” does not include a bridge loan. For purposes of this division, a bridge loan is any temporary loan, having a maturity of one year or less, for the purpose of acquisition or construction of a dwelling intended to become the consumer’s principal dwelling.
(e) “Original principal balance” means the total initial amount the consumer is obligated to repay on the loan.
(f) “Licensing agency” shall mean the Bureau of Real Estate for licensed real estate brokers, the Department of Business Oversight for licensed residential mortgage lenders, licensed finance lenders and brokers, and the commercial and industrial banks and savings associations and credit unions organized in this state.
(g) “Licensed person” means a real estate broker licensed under the Real Estate Law (Part 1 (commencing with Section 10000) of Division 4 of the Business and Professions Code), a finance lender or broker licensed under the California Financing Law (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000)), a residential mortgage lender licensed under the California Residential Mortgage Lending Act (Division 20 (commencing with Section 50000)), a commercial or industrial bank organized under the Banking Law (Division 1.1 (commencing with Section 1000)), a savings association organized under the Savings Association Law (Division 2 (commencing with Section 5000)), and a credit union organized under the California Credit Union Law (Division 5 (commencing with Section 14000)). This division shall not be construed to prevent any enforcement by a governmental entity against any person who originates a loan and who is exempt or excluded from licensure by all of the licensing agencies, based on a violation of any provision of this division. This division shall not be construed to prevent the Bureau of Real Estate from enforcing this division against a licensed salesperson employed by a licensed real estate broker as if that salesperson were a licensed person under this division. A licensed person includes any person engaged in the practice of consumer lending, as defined in this division, for which a license is required under any other provision of law, but whose license is invalid, suspended or revoked, or where no license has been obtained.
(h) “Originate” means to arrange, negotiate, or make a consumer loan.
(i) “Servicer” has the same meaning provided in Section 6(i)(2) of the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974.

SEC. 57.

 Section 4995 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

4995.
 The following definitions shall apply for purposes of this division:
(a) “Higher-priced mortgage loan” has the meaning set forth in Section 1026.35 of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(b) “Licensed person” means a real estate broker licensed under the Real Estate Law (Part 1 (commencing with Section 10000) of Division 4 of the Business and Professions Code), a finance lender or broker licensed under the California Financing Law (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000)), a residential mortgage lender licensed under the California Residential Mortgage Lending Act (Division 20 (commencing with Section 50000)), a commercial or industrial bank organized under the Banking Law (Division 1.1 (commencing with Section 1000)), a savings association organized under the Savings Association Law (Division 2 (commencing with Section 5000)), and a credit union organized under the California Credit Union Law (Division 5 (commencing with Section 14000)).
(c) “Mortgage broker” means a licensed person who provides mortgage brokerage services. For purposes of this division, a licensed person who makes home loans is a “mortgage broker,” and subject to the requirements of this division applicable to mortgage brokers, only with respect to transactions in which the licensed person provides mortgage brokerage services.
(d) “Mortgage brokerage services” means arranging or attempting to arrange, as exclusive agent for the borrower or as dual agent for the borrower and lender, for compensation or in expectation of compensation, paid directly or indirectly, a higher-priced mortgage loan made by an unaffiliated third party.

SEC. 58.

 Section 7273 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

7273.
 Fixed interest railroad bonds meeting the requirements of subdivisions (a) and (b), bonds secured by a mortgage on jointly operated railroad facilities meeting the requirements of subdivision (c), and railroad equipment trust certificates meeting the requirements of subdivision (d), as follows:
(a) The railroad bonds are issued by or are assumed, guaranteed, or provision is made unconditionally for the payment of principal and interest on specified dates, by a solvent railroad company:
(1) That operates at least 500 miles of standard gauge road within the continental United States and that has had average annual operating revenues of at least ten million dollars ($10,000,000) during the five years next preceding the investment.
(2) Whose average annual balance of income available for fixed charges for the last 15 years for which the necessary statistical data are available, when divided by an amount equal to its fixed charges for the last fiscal year, shall produce a quotient that is at least 15 percent higher than the quotient obtained by dividing the average annual balance of income available for fixed charges of all class 1 railroads for the same 15-year period by an amount equal to the fixed charges of all class 1 railroads for the last year in the period.
(3) Whose average “balance of net income” (computed by deducting the sum of its fixed charges and contingent interest charges for the latest fiscal year from the average annual balance available for fixed charges for the latest 15 years for which the necessary statistical data are available) when divided by its average annual railroad operating income for the same 15-year period, shall produce a quotient at least 15 percent greater than the quotient obtained by dividing the average balance of income of all class 1 railroads, computed in the same manner, by the average annual railway operating income of all class 1 railroads for the same 15-year period.
(4) Whose average balance of income available for fixed charges for the last three fiscal years preceding the investment, or for the lesser number of fiscal years that may have elapsed since December 31, 1946, has not been less than one and one-half times its fixed charges for the last fiscal year.
(b) The railroad bonds are secured by any of the following:
(1) A mortgage, either direct or collateral, that shall be a first mortgage on not less than 75 percent of the mileage subject to the mortgage.
(2) A first mortgage on terminal properties comprising the company’s principal freight or passenger terminal in a city of not less than 250,000 population according to the latest federal or state census.
(3) A refunding mortgage on not less than 75 percent of the railroad mileage owned or operated by the issuing company under which bonds may be issued for retirement or refunding of all debts secured by prior liens on all or any part of the property, other than liens on equipment, subject to the mortgage, if the amount of debt senior to the refunding mortgage is not more than 50 percent of the sum of all senior debt and the refunding mortgage or if underlying mortgage bonds in an amount equal to at least 50 percent of the debt outstanding under the refunding mortgage are pledged as security under that refunding mortgage.
(4) A first mortgage on railroad property leased to and operated by the company if the lease extends beyond the maturity date of the bonds and the company has guaranteed, assumed, or committed itself under the terms of the lease to pay principal and interest on the bonds.
(c) Bonds secured by a mortgage on jointly operated railroad facilities shall be secured by a first mortgage on a terminal, depot, tunnel, or bridge used by or leased to two or more railroads that have jointly and severally agreed unconditionally to pay the interest and principal payment, one of which railroads shall meet the requirements set forth in subdivision (a).
(d) Railroad equipment trust certificates shall be issued by a solvent class 1 railroad whose average balance of income available for fixed charges for the last three fiscal years preceding the investment, or for the lesser number of fiscal years that may have elapsed since December 31, 1946, shall be not less than one and one-half times its fixed charges for the last fiscal year. Those certificates shall be issued to provide funds for the construction or acquisition of new standard gauge railroad equipment made with the approval of the federal Surface Transportation Board and secured by an equipment trust, lease, conditional sales contract, or first lien on the equipment. The aggregate principal amount of the obligations shall not exceed 80 percent of the purchase price of the equipment and the certificates shall mature within 15 years of the date of issuance in equal annual, semiannual, or monthly installments, beginning not later than one year after the date of issuance.
(e) As used in this section, “balance of income available for fixed charges,” “fixed charges,” “contingent interest,” and “railway operating income” shall have the same meaning as in the accounting reports filed by common carriers by rail pursuant to regulations of the federal Surface Transportation Board, except that “balance of income available for payment of fixed charges” shall be computed before deduction of federal income of excess profits taxes, and “fixed charges” and “contingent interest” of the railroad shall be those charges existing as of the time the computation is made, excluding charges with respect to debt that has been retired or will be retired within six months and for the payment of which funds have been or are contemporaneously being set aside in trust but including charges with respect to new debt issued or in the process of being issued.

SEC. 59.

 Section 17303 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

17303.
 “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Business Oversight.

SEC. 60.

 Section 18027 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

18027.
 Corporations subject to this division are not subject to the provisions or regulations of the California Financing Law, (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000)).

SEC. 61.

 Section 18339 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

18339.
 As of the operative date of this section:
(a) There is established an Industrial Loan Account in the Financial Institutions Fund in the State Treasury.
(b) All money on deposit with the Treasurer in the State Corporations Fund that has been received or collected by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under this division or any other law relating to industrial loan companies or the industrial loan business, all other assets of the State Corporations Fund that have been acquired by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under this division or any other law relating to industrial loan companies or the industrial loan business, and all liabilities of the State Corporations Fund that have been incurred under this division or any other law relating to industrial loan companies or the industrial loan business shall be transferred to the Industrial Loan Account.

SEC. 62.

 Section 18596 of the Financial Code is amended to read:

18596.
 A premium finance company may issue or sell investment certificates only (a) to its customers directly in connection with the financing of premiums for those customers, provided that the aggregate finance charges, including interest paid or not paid on those investment certificates, do not exceed those charges permitted under Section 18626 and (b) to any institutional investors, governmental agency, or instrumentality as the Commissioner of Business Oversight may designate by rule.

SEC. 63.

 Section 1322 of the Government Code is amended to read:

1322.
 In addition to any other statutory provisions requiring confirmation by the Senate of officers appointed by the Governor, the appointments by the Governor of the following officers and the appointments by the Governor to the listed boards and commissions are subject to confirmation by the Senate:
(a) California Horse Racing Board.
(b) Court Reporters Board of California.
(c) Chief, Division of Occupational Safety and Health.
(d) Chief, Division of Labor Standards Enforcement.
(e) Commissioner of Business Oversight.
(f) Contractors State License Board.
(g) Director of Fish and Game.
(h) Director of Health Care Services.
(i) Chief Deputy, State Department of Health Care Services.
(j) Real Estate Commissioner.
(k) State Athletic Commissioner.
(l) State Board of Barbering and Cosmetology Examiners.
(m) State Librarian.
(n) Director of Social Services.
(o) Chief Deputy, State Department of Social Services.
(p) Director of State Hospitals.
(q) Chief Deputy, State Department of State Hospitals.
(r) Director of Developmental Services.
(s) Chief Deputy, State Department of Developmental Services.
(t) Director of Alcohol and Drug Abuse.
(u) Director of Rehabilitation.
(v) Chief Deputy, Department of Rehabilitation.
(w) Director of the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development.
(x) Deputy, Health and Welfare Agency.
(y) Director, Department of Managed Health Care.
(z) Patient Advocate, California Health and Human Services Agency.
(aa) State Public Health Officer, State Department of Public Health.
(ab) Chief Deputy, State Department of Public Health.

SEC. 64.

 Section 6276.18 of the Government Code is amended to read:

6276.18.
 Family court records, Section 1818, Family Code.
Farm product processor license, confidentiality of financial statements, Section 55523.6, Food and Agricultural Code.
Farm product processor licensee, confidentiality of grape purchases, Section 55601.5, Food and Agricultural Code.
Fee payer information, prohibition against disclosure by the State Board of Equalization and others, Section 55381, Revenue and Taxation Code.
Financial institutions, issuance of securities, reports and records of state agencies, subdivision (d) of Section 6254, this code.
Financial statements of insurers, confidentiality of information received, Section 925.3, Insurance Code.
Financial statements and questionnaires, of prospective bidders for the state, confidentiality of, Section 10165, Public Contract Code.
Financial statements and questionnaires, of prospective bidders for California State University contracts, confidentiality of, Section 10763, Public Contract Code.
Firearms, centralized list of exempted federal firearms licensees, disclosure of information compiled from, Sections 24850 to 24890, inclusive, Penal Code.
Firearms, centralized list of dealers and licensees, disclosure of information compiled from, Sections 26700 to 26915, inclusive, Penal Code.
Firearm license applications, subdivision (u) of Section 6254, this code.
Firearm sale or transfer, confidentiality of records, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 28050) of Division 6 of Title 4 of Part 6, Penal Code.
Fishing and hunting licenses, confidentiality of names and addresses contained in records submitted to the Department of Fish and Game to obtain recreational fishing and hunting licenses, Section 1050.6, Fish and Game Code.
Foreign marketing of agricultural products, confidentiality of financial information, Section 58577, Food and Agricultural Code.
Forest fires, anonymity of informants, Section 4417, Public Resources Code.
Foster homes, identifying information, Section 1536, Health and Safety Code.
Franchise Tax Board, access to Franchise Tax Board information by the State Department of Social Services, Section 11025, Welfare and Institutions Code.
Franchise Tax Board, auditing, confidentiality of, Section 90005.
Franchises, applications, and reports filed with Commissioner of Business Oversight, disclosure and withholding from public inspection, Section 31504, Corporations Code.
Fur dealer licensee, confidentiality of records, Section 4041, Fish and Game Code.

SEC. 65.

 Section 7603 of the Government Code is amended to read:

7603.
 All loans of securities shall be made pursuant to one of the standardized security loan agreement forms, as developed by the administrators of the State Pooled Investment Account (as authorized by Section 16481 of the Government Code), the Public Employees Retirement System, or the State Teachers’ Retirement System and as approved by the Commissioner of Business Oversight.

SEC. 66.

 Section 12657 of the Government Code is amended to read:

12657.
 For purposes of this article, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(a) “Securities law” shall mean the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 (Division 1 (commencing with Section 25000) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code) and any other rule or order issued by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under this law.
(b) “Commodities law” shall mean the California Commodity Law of 1990 (Division 4.5 (commencing with Section 29500) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code) and any other rule or order issued by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under this law.

SEC. 67.

 Section 12659 of the Government Code is amended to read:

12659.
 (a) The Attorney General, in their discretion, (1) may make public or private investigations within or outside of this state that the Attorney General deems necessary to determine whether any person has violated or is about to violate the securities law or the commodities law or to aid in the enforcement of these laws or in the prescribing of rules and forms by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under these laws, and (2) may publish information concerning any violation of the securities law or the commodities law.
(b) In making any investigation authorized by subdivision (a), the Attorney General may, for a reasonable time not exceeding 30 days, take possession of the books, records, accounts, and other papers pertaining to the business of any broker-dealer or investment adviser and place a keeper in exclusive charge of them in the place where they are usually kept. During this possession no person shall remove or attempt to remove any of the books, records, accounts, or other papers except pursuant to a court order or with the consent of the Attorney General, but the directors, officers, partners, and employees of the broker-dealer or investment adviser may examine them, and employees shall be permitted to make entries therein reflecting current transactions.
(c) For the purpose of any investigation or proceeding under the securities law or the commodities law, the Attorney General or any officer designated by the Attorney General may administer oaths and affirmations, subpoena witnesses, compel their attendance, take evidence, and require the production of books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, agreements, or other documents or records that the Attorney General deems relevant or material to the inquiry.
(d) In case of contumacy by, or refusal to obey a subpoena issued to, any person, the superior court, upon application by the Attorney General, may issue to the person an order requiring the person to appear before the Attorney General, or the officer designated by the Attorney General, there to produce documentary evidence, if so ordered, or to give evidence touching the matter under investigation or in question. Failure to obey the order of the court may be punished by the court as a contempt.
(e) No person is excused from attending and testifying or from producing any document or record before the Attorney General, or in obedience to the subpoena of the Attorney General or any officer designated by the Attorney General, or in any proceeding instituted by the Attorney General, on the ground that the testimony or evidence, documentary or otherwise, required of the person may tend to incriminate the person or subject the person to a penalty or forfeiture, but no individual may be prosecuted or subjected to any penalty or forfeiture for or on account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning which the individual is compelled, after validly claiming the individual’s privilege against self-incrimination, to testify or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, except that an individual testifying is not exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury or contempt committed in testifying.

SEC. 68.

 Section 75030.5 of the Government Code is amended to read:

75030.5.
 Any judge who first becomes a judge on or after May 1, 1962, and who has served as an elected state constitutional officer before becoming a judge, or any judge who first became a judge prior to that date who has served as a constitutional officer or as a public legal officer before becoming a judge, has a right to elect, by written election filed with the Judges’ Retirement System at any time prior to retirement, to make contributions pursuant to this section for, and receive credit in this system as, service for all or any part of the time the judge served as that officer, excluding any period of time for which the judge is receiving, or is entitled to receive, a retirement allowance from any other public retirement system.
As used in this chapter, the term “elected state constitutional officer” means the holder of the office of Member of the Senate or Assembly, Governor, Lieutenant Governor, Secretary of State, Controller, Treasurer, Attorney General, Superintendent of Public Instruction, or member of the State Board of Equalization.
As used in this chapter, the term “constitutional officer” means the holder of an office created by the California Constitution, and “public legal officer” means the holder of any legal office of the state or any agency of the state or of any county or city in the state who is paid a salary or other fixed regular compensation and who is admitted and licensed to practice law in the State of California during the time of holding the office and whose principal duties in the office are legal in nature, such as the Attorney General, Legislative Counsel, Commissioner of Business Oversight, a district attorney, county counsel, city attorney, city prosecutor, public defender, or a deputy of any such office, or a secretary to the Governor whose duties include the hearing of extradition matters, admitted and licensed to practice law in the State of California during the time of holding the office and whose principal duties in the office are legal in nature.
Every judge electing to receive credit for service pursuant to this section shall at the time of filing the judge’s election, and as a condition to receiving that credit, pay into the Judges’ Retirement Fund a sum equal to the amount which would have been deducted from the judge’s salary and paid into that fund pursuant to Section 75102 had the judge been a judge during the time for which the judge elects to receive credit for service, computed by applying the rates of deduction applicable to judges’ salaries during that time to the rate of salary the judge actually received during the first year as a judge, plus interest at 3 percent a year, to the date of the judge’s payment, upon the amounts of the deductions and from the respective dates they would have been paid had the judge been a judge during the time for which the judge elects to receive credit for service. The amount and interest shall be determined by the Judges’ Retirement System in accordance with this section. Funds transferred to the Judges’ Retirement Fund pursuant to Section 9356.5 shall be deducted from the payment. Any funds so transferred which are in excess of the amount required by this section shall be refunded to the judge.
This section shall not apply to any person who, on or after January 1, 1986, first becomes or continues as an elected state constitutional officer, in a term which commences on or after January 1, 1986.

SEC. 69.

 Section 760 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

760.
 As used in this article, the following terms have the following meanings:
(a) “Affiliate” has the same meaning as defined in Section 1215.
(b) “Depository institution” means any of the following:
(1) National banks, operating subsidiaries of a national bank, and federal branches or agencies of a foreign bank, as defined in Section 1 of the International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. Sec. 3101 et seq.), in the case of institutions supervised by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.
(2) State member banks in the case of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
(3) State nonmember banks in the case of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
(4) Savings associations and operating subsidiaries of savings associations, in the case of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.
(c) “Company” means any corporation, partnership, business trust, association, or similar organization, or any other trust, other than a trust that by its terms must terminate within 25 years or not later than 21 years and 10 months after the death of individuals living on the effective date of the trust. “Company” does not include any corporation the majority of the shares of which are owned by the United States or by any state, or a qualified family partnership, as defined in paragraph (10) of subsection (o) of Section 2 of the federal Bank Holding Company Act of 1956, as amended (12 U.S.C. Sec. 1841(o)(10)).
(d) “Consumer” means an individual who purchases, applies to purchase, or is solicited to purchase from a covered person insurance products or annuities primarily for personal, family, or household purposes.
(e) “Control” has the same meaning as defined in Section 1215.
(f) (1) “Covered person” means either of the following:
(A) A depository institution.
(B) Another person only when the person sells, solicits, advertises, or offers an insurance product or annuity to a consumer at an office of a depository institution, or on behalf of a depository institution.
(2) For purposes of this definition, activities on behalf of a depository institution include activities pursuant to which a person, whether at an office of the depository institution or at another location, sells, solicits, advertises, or offers an insurance product or annuity and where at least one of the following applies:
(A) The person represents to a consumer that the sale, solicitation, advertisement, or offer of any insurance product or annuity is by or on behalf of the depository institution.
(B) The depository institution refers a consumer to a seller of insurance products or annuities and the institution has a contractual arrangement to receive commissions or fees derived from a sale of an insurance product or annuity resulting from that referral.
(C) Documents evidencing the sale, solicitation, advertising, or offer of an insurance product or annuity identify or refer to the depository institution.
(g) “Electronic media” includes any means for transmitting messages electronically between a covered person and a consumer in a format that allows visual text to be displayed on equipment such as a personal computer monitor.
(h) “Office” means the premises of a depository institution where retail deposits are accepted from the public.
(i) “Subsidiary” has the same meaning as defined in Section 1215.

SEC. 70.

 Section 771 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

771.
 Sections 770 and 770.1 shall not prevent:
(a) The exercise by any person engaged in that business of that person’s right to approve or disapprove, for reasonable cause, as determined by appropriate regulatory authority, of the insurer selected to underwrite the insurance, nor of that person’s right to furnish insurance or to renew any insurance required by the contract of sale or trust deed or other loan agreement if the borrower or purchaser shall have failed to furnish the insurance or renewal thereof within a reasonable time or form as may be specified in the sale or loan agreement. The lender shall not refuse to accept insurance provided by an acceptable insurer on the ground that the insurance provides more coverage than is required in the sale or loan agreement, unless the additional coverage consists of automobile, life, or disability insurance.
The Commissioner of Business Oversight, in conjunction with the Insurance Commissioner, shall issue appropriate regulations defining “reasonable cause.”
(b) Any lender from recommending to any borrower or prospective borrower the placing of insurance with a specified insurer or through a specified insurance agent or broker as long as the recommendation, with respect to a sale of real property or a loan upon the security of real property, clearly sets forth both the name and the mailing address of the recommended insurer or insurance agent or broker and does not violate the provisions of Section 770 or of any other section of this code. On and after July 1, 1972, the recommendation clearly setting forth the name and the mailing address of the recommended insurer or insurance agent or broker shall be in writing.
(c) The free choice of insurance agent or broker by any borrower or purchaser at any time, and the borrower or purchaser may revoke any designation of insurance agent or broker at any time irrespective of the provisions of any loan or purchase agreement or trust deed.
(d) The exercise of any person engaged in that business of that person’s right to furnish insurance or to renew insurance, and to charge the account of the borrower or purchaser with the costs thereof, if the borrower or purchaser fails to deliver to the lender the insurance at least 30 days prior to the expiration of the policy. If an insurance policy renewing or replacing, at expiration time, the policy then in force is received by the lender less than 15 days prior to the expiration of the policy held by the lender, or if an insurance policy procured by the borrower or purchaser is subsequently substituted for that then in force, the lender may impose a reasonable service charge as determined by the Insurance Commissioner for the transaction, the payment of which charge by the agent or broker is not a violation of any other provision of this code. No service charges shall be imposed for normal insurance changes made during the term of the policy.
(e) The commissioner is authorized to adopt a uniform statewide schedule of permissive maximum charges for the substitution of policies authorized in subdivision (d).

SEC. 71.

 Section 828 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

828.
 Except in the case of a broker holding a broker’s certificate issued by the commissioner under this code or by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under the Corporate Securities Law of 1968 (Division 1 (commencing with Section 25000) of Title 4 of the Corporations Code) and then in effect, a person, desiring or proposing to sell a security to be issued by any insurer, shall not issue, circulate, or publish any advertisement, pamphlet, prospectus, or circular concerning that security until the insurer secures from the commissioner a permit authorizing it to sell the security.

SEC. 72.

 Section 845 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

845.
 (a) A person shall not sell or resell any security of a domestic, foreign, or alien insurer:
(1) As an insurer with respect to securities of its own issue without securing the permit of the commissioner as provided in this article.
(2) As an agent of that insurer except under authority of a certificate issued by the commissioner under this code.
(3) As a broker or as an agent for a broker except under authority of a certificate or license issued by the Commissioner of Business Oversight under the provisions of the Corporations Code and in full conformity with all provisions of the Corporations Code.
(b) Subdivision (a) shall not prohibit a bona fide owner of securities of an insurer from selling or reselling those securities if:
(1) The securities were originally issued under the authority of a permit of the commissioner and the sale or resale is made in conformity with the conditions, if any, in the permit effective at the time of sale or resale; or
(2) The securities were originally issued in a jurisdiction other than California in full conformity with the applicable laws, if any, governing the issuance in that jurisdiction.
A sale or resale of securities of an insurer by the owner of the securities which is made for the purpose of evading the provisions of this article requiring an insurer to secure a permit from the commissioner or for any other fraudulent purpose shall, however, be null and void and a violation of the criminal provisions of this article.
(c) Any sale or resale permitted by this section is subject to the stop power of the commissioner under Section 854 and the similar powers of the Commissioner of Business Oversight pursuant to the provisions of the Corporations Code.
(d) Any violation of this section is subject to the penalties provided in Section 833.

SEC. 73.

 Section 845.5 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

845.5.
 The certificate required by Section 845 to act as an agent of an insurer shall be secured as provided in Section 846 and shall expire on the first day of July after its issue, unless sooner suspended or revoked.
The permission granted by Section 845 to persons holding certificates or licenses issued by the Commissioner of Business Oversight does not affect the provisions of this article requiring that an insurer and that an agent appointed by an insurer secure a permit or certificate from the commissioner to issue, sell, or resell securities and the issue, sale, or resale and the advertising thereof is subject to the provisions of this article, nor does that section permit an owner of securities to sell or resell the same except in conformity with that section and this article.

SEC. 74.

 Section 1192 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

1192.
 Excess funds investments may be made in:
(a) Interest-bearing obligations issued by a nonaffiliate institution, as defined in paragraph (5) of subdivision (f) of Section 1196.1, organized under the laws of any state, or of the United States, or of the District of Columbia, or of the Dominion of Canada or of any province of the Dominion of Canada, or interest-bearing obligations registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission and publicly traded issued by an affiliate corporation organized under the laws of any state, or of the United States, or of the District of Columbia, or of the Dominion of Canada or of any province of the Dominion of Canada, or interest-bearing obligations issued by an authority established pursuant to the California Industrial Development Financing Act provided for in Title 10 (commencing with Section 91500) of the Government Code, to which the corporation is obligated with respect to payment, or
(b) Equipment trust obligations or certificates, or other adequately secured instruments, evidencing an interest in or lien upon transportation equipment used or to be used by a common carrier or common carriers and a right to receive determined portions of fixed obligatory payments for the use or purchase of this equipment, when the obligations, certificates, or instruments are issued by a corporation specified in paragraph (a) or are unconditionally guaranteed or assumed by the corporation as to principal and as to interest or dividends and as to the payment of the fixed obligatory payments or the payment of the determined portions thereof.

SEC. 75.

 Section 1758.993 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

1758.993.
 Nothing in this article regulating the sale of credit insurance shall be construed to impair or impede the application of any other law regulating the sale of credit insurance, including, but not limited to, the California Financing Law (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000) of the Financial Code).

SEC. 76.

 Section 186.9 of the Penal Code is amended to read:

186.9.
 As used in this chapter:
(a) “Conducts” includes, but is not limited to, initiating, concluding, or participating in conducting, initiating, or concluding a transaction.
(b) “Financial institution” means, when located or doing business in this state, any national bank or banking association, state bank or banking association, commercial bank or trust company organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any private bank, industrial savings bank, savings bank or thrift institution, savings and loan association, or building and loan association organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any insured institution as defined in Section 401 of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. Sec. 1724(a)), any credit union organized under the laws of the United States or any state, any national banking association or corporation acting under Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 601) of Title 12 of the United States Code, any agency, agent or branch of a foreign bank, any currency dealer or exchange, any person or business engaged primarily in the cashing of checks, any person or business who regularly engages in the issuing, selling, or redeeming of traveler’s checks, money orders, or similar instruments, any broker or dealer in securities registered or required to be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 or with the Commissioner of Business Oversight under Part 3 (commencing with Section 25200) of Division 1 of Title 4 of the Corporations Code, any licensed transmitter of funds or other person or business regularly engaged in transmitting funds to a foreign nation for others, any investment banker or investment company, any insurer, any dealer in gold, silver, or platinum bullion or coins, diamonds, emeralds, rubies, or sapphires, any pawnbroker, any telegraph company, any person or business regularly engaged in the delivery, transmittal, or holding of mail or packages, any person or business that conducts a transaction involving the transfer of title to any real property, vehicle, vessel, or aircraft, any personal property broker, any person or business acting as a real property securities dealer within the meaning of Section 10237 of the Business and Professions Code, whether licensed to do so or not, any person or business acting within the meaning and scope of subdivisions (d) and (e) of Section 10131 and Section 10131.1 of the Business and Professions Code, whether licensed to do so or not, any person or business regularly engaged in gaming within the meaning and scope of Section 330, any person or business regularly engaged in pool selling or bookmaking within the meaning and scope of Section 337a, any person or business regularly engaged in horse racing whether licensed to do so or not under the Business and Professions Code, any person or business engaged in the operation of a gambling ship within the meaning and scope of Section 11317, any person or business engaged in controlled gambling within the meaning and scope of subdivision (e) of Section 19805 of the Business and Professions Code, whether registered to do so or not, and any person or business defined as a “bank,” “financial agency,” or “financial institution” by Section 5312 of Title 31 of the United States Code or Section 103.11 of Title 31 of the Code of Federal Regulations and any successor provisions thereto.
(c) “Transaction” includes the deposit, withdrawal, transfer, bailment, loan, pledge, payment, or exchange of currency, or a monetary instrument, as defined by subdivision (d), or the electronic, wire, magnetic, or manual transfer of funds between accounts by, through, or to, a financial institution as defined by subdivision (b).
(d) “Monetary instrument” means United States currency and coin; the currency, coin, and foreign bank drafts of any foreign country; payment warrants issued by the United States, this state, or any city, county, or city and county of this state or any other political subdivision thereof; any bank check, cashier’s check, traveler’s check, or money order; any personal check, stock, investment security, or negotiable instrument in bearer form or otherwise in a form in which title thereto passes upon delivery; gold, silver, or platinum bullion or coins; and diamonds, emeralds, rubies, or sapphires. Except for foreign bank drafts and federal, state, county, or city warrants, “monetary instrument” does not include personal checks made payable to the order of a named party which have not been endorsed or which bear restrictive endorsements, and also does not include personal checks which have been endorsed by the named party and deposited by the named party into the named party’s account with a financial institution.
(e) “Criminal activity” means a criminal offense punishable under the laws of this state by death, imprisonment in the state prison, or imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170 or from a criminal offense committed in another jurisdiction punishable under the laws of that jurisdiction by death or imprisonment for a term exceeding one year.
(f) “Foreign bank draft” means a bank draft or check issued or made out by a foreign bank, savings and loan, casa de cambio, credit union, currency dealer or exchanger, check cashing business, money transmitter, insurance company, investment or private bank, or any other foreign financial institution that provides similar financial services, on an account in the name of the foreign bank or foreign financial institution held at a bank or other financial institution located in the United States or a territory of the United States.

SEC. 77.

 Section 10200 of the Probate Code is amended to read:

10200.
 (a) As used in this section, “securities” means “security” as defined in Section 70, land trust certificates, certificates of beneficial interest in trusts, investment trust certificates, mortgage participation certificates, or certificates of deposit for any of the foregoing, but does not include notes secured by a mortgage or deed of trust unless the note or notes have been authorized or permitted to be issued by the Commissioner of Business Oversight or have been made by a public utility subject to the Public Utilities Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 201) of Division 1 of the Public Utilities Code).
(b) After authorization by order of court, securities may be sold or may be surrendered for redemption or conversion. Title to the securities sold or surrendered as authorized by an order obtained under this section passes without the need for subsequent court confirmation.
(c) To obtain an order under this section, the personal representative or any interested person shall file a petition stating the terms and conditions and the advantage to the estate of the proposed sale or redemption or conversion. If the court authorizes the sale, redemption, or conversion, the court’s order shall fix the terms and conditions of sale, redemption, or conversion.
(d) Notice of the hearing on the petition shall be given as provided in Section 1220 and posted as provided in Section 1230, but the court may order that the notice be given for a shorter period or dispensed with.
(e) No notice of sale or of the redemption or conversion need be given if any of the following conditions are satisfied:
(1) The minimum selling price is fixed by the court.
(2) The securities are to be sold on an established stock or bond exchange.
(3) The securities to be sold are securities designated as a national market system security on an interdealer quotation system, or subsystem thereof, by the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc., sold through a broker-dealer registered under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the regular course of business of the broker-dealer.
(4) The securities are to be surrendered for redemption or conversion.

SEC. 78.

 Section 11604.5 of the Probate Code is amended to read:

11604.5.
 (a) This section applies when distribution from a decedent’s estate is made to a transferee for value who acquires any interest of a beneficiary in exchange for cash or other consideration.
(b) For purposes of this section, a transferee for value is a person who satisfies both of the following criteria:
(1) The person purchases the interest from a beneficiary for consideration pursuant to a written agreement.
(2) The person, directly or indirectly, regularly engages in the purchase of beneficial interests in estates for consideration.
(c) This section does not apply to any of the following:
(1) A transferee who is a beneficiary of the estate or a person who has a claim to distribution from the estate under another instrument or by intestate succession.
(2) A transferee who is either the registered domestic partner of the beneficiary, or is related by blood, marriage, or adoption to the beneficiary or the decedent.
(3) A transaction made in conformity with the California Financing Law (Division 9 (commencing with Section 22000) of the Financial Code) and subject to regulation by the Department of Business Oversight.
(4) A transferee who is engaged in the business of locating missing or unknown heirs and who acquires an interest from a beneficiary solely in exchange for providing information or services associated with locating the heir or beneficiary.
(d) A written agreement is effective only if all of the following conditions are met:
(1) The executed written agreement is filed with the court not later than 30 days following the date of its execution or, if administration of the decedent’s estate has not commenced, then within 30 days of issuance of the letters of administration or letters testamentary, but in no event later than 15 days prior to the hearing on the petition for final distribution. Prior to filing or serving that written agreement, the transferee for value shall redact any personally identifying information about the beneficiary, other than the name and address of the beneficiary, and any financial information provided by the beneficiary to the transferee for value on the application for cash or other consideration, from the agreement.
(2) If the negotiation or discussion between the beneficiary and the transferee for value leading to the execution of the written agreement by the beneficiary was conducted in a language other than English, the beneficiary shall receive the written agreement in English, together with a copy of the agreement translated into the language in which it was negotiated or discussed. The written agreement and the translated copy, if any, shall be provided to the beneficiary.
(3) The documents signed by, or provided to, the beneficiary are printed in at least 10-point type.
(4) The transferee for value executes a declaration or affidavit attesting that the requirements of this section have been satisfied, and the declaration or affidavit is filed with the court within 30 days of execution of the written agreement or, if administration of the decedent’s estate has not commenced, then within 30 days of issuance of the letters of administration or letters testamentary, but in no event later than 15 days prior to the hearing on the petition for final distribution.
(5) Notice of the assignment is served on the personal representative or the attorney of record for the personal representative within 30 days of execution of the written agreement or, if general or special letters of administration or letters testamentary have not been issued, then within 30 days of issuance of the letters of administration or letters testamentary, but in no event later than 15 days before the hearing on the petition for final distribution.
(e) The written agreement shall include the following terms, in addition to any other terms:
(1) The amount of consideration paid to the beneficiary.
(2) A description of the transferred interest.
(3) If the written agreement so provides, the amount by which the transferee for value would have its distribution reduced if the beneficial interest assigned is distributed prior to a specified date.
(4) A statement of the total of all costs or fees charged to the beneficiary resulting from the transfer for value, including, but not limited to, transaction or processing fees, credit report costs, title search costs, due diligence fees, filing fees, bank or electronic transfer costs, or any other fees or costs. If all the costs and fees are paid by the transferee for value and are included in the amount of the transferred interest, then the statement of costs need not itemize any costs or fees. This subdivision shall not apply to costs, fees, or damages arising out of a material breach of the agreement or fraud by or on the part of the beneficiary.
(f) A written agreement shall not contain any of the following provisions and, if any such provision is included, that provision shall be null and void:
(1) A provision holding harmless the transferee for value, other than for liability arising out of fraud by the beneficiary.
(2) A provision granting to the transferee for value agency powers to represent the beneficiary’s interest in the decedent’s estate beyond the interest transferred.
(3) A provision requiring payment by the beneficiary to the transferee for value for services not related to the written agreement or services other than the transfer of interest under the written agreement.
(4) A provision permitting the transferee for value to have recourse against the beneficiary if the distribution from the estate in satisfaction of the beneficial interest is less than the beneficial interest assigned to the transferee for value, other than recourse for any expense or damage arising out of the material breach of the agreement or fraud by the beneficiary.
(g) The court on its own motion, or on the motion of the personal representative or other interested person, may inquire into the circumstances surrounding the execution of, and the consideration for, the written agreement to determine that the requirements of this section have been satisfied.
(h) The court may refuse to order distribution under the written agreement, or may order distribution on any terms that the court considers equitable, if the court finds that the transferee for value did not substantially comply with the requirements of this section, or if the court finds that any of the following conditions existed at the time of transfer:
(1) The fees, charges, or consideration paid or agreed to be paid by the beneficiary were grossly unreasonable.
(2) The transfer of the beneficial interest was obtained by duress, fraud, or undue influence.
(i) In addition to any remedy specified in this section, for any willful violation of the requirements of this section found to be committed in bad faith, the court may require the transferee for value to pay to the beneficiary up to twice the value paid for the assignment.
(j) Notice of the hearing on any motion brought under this section shall be served on the beneficiary and on the transferee for value at least 15 days before the hearing in the manner provided in Section 415.10 or 415.30 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(k) If the decedent’s estate is not subject to a pending court proceeding under the Probate Code in California, but is the subject of a probate proceeding in another state, the transferee for value shall not be required to submit to the court a copy of the written agreement as required under paragraph (1) of subdivision (d). If the written agreement is entered into in California or if the beneficiary is domiciled in California, that written agreement shall otherwise conform to the provisions of subdivisions (d), (e), and (f) in order to be effective.

SEC. 79.

 Section 4734 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

4734.
 Any corporation formed pursuant to this article may, if so authorized by the Commissioner of Business Oversight, borrow money from or sell, pledge, or discount its securities to any corporation or agency established under the authority of the federal government.