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AB-1322 School-based health programs.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 09/06/2019 08:15 PM
AB1322:v96#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  September 06, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  August 30, 2019
Amended  IN  Senate  July 08, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1322


Introduced by Assembly Members Berman and O’Donnell
(Coauthors: Senators Leyva and Pan)

February 22, 2019


An act to add Article 14 (commencing with Section 32445) to Chapter 3 of Part 19 of Division 1 of Title 1 of the Education Code, and to amend Section 14115.8 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, relating to school health.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1322, as amended, Berman. School-based health programs.
Existing law provides for the Medi-Cal program, which is administered by the State Department of Health Care Services, under which qualified low-income individuals receive health care services. The Medi-Cal program is, in part, governed by, and funded pursuant to, federal Medicaid program provisions. Existing law establishes the Administrative Claiming process under which the department is authorized to contract with local governmental agencies and local educational consortia for the purpose of obtaining federal matching funds to assist with the performance of administrative activities relating to the Medi-Cal program that are provided by a local governmental agency or local educational agency (LEA). Existing law also provides that specified services provided by LEAs are covered Medi-Cal benefits and are reimbursable on a fee-for-service basis under the LEA Medi-Cal billing option.
Existing law requires the department to engage in specified activities relating to the LEA Medi-Cal billing option, such as amending the Medicaid state plan to ensure that schools are reimbursed for all eligible services and examining methodologies for increasing school participation in the LEA Medi-Cal billing option. Existing law requires that these activities be funded and staffed by proportionately reducing federal Medicaid payments allocable to LEAs for the provision of benefits funded by federal Medicaid program payments under the LEA Medi-Cal billing option in an amount not to exceed $1,500,000 annually.
This bill would require the State Department of Education to, no later than July 1, 2020, establish an Office of School-Based Health Programs a School-Based Health Unit for the purpose of administering current health-related programs under the purview of the State Department of Education and advising it on issues related to the delivery of school-based Medi-Cal services in the state. The bill would require the office unit to, among other things, provide technical assistance, outreach, and informational materials to LEAs on allowable services and on the submission of claims. The bill would authorize the office unit to form advisory groups, as specified, and, to the extent necessary, would require the State Department of Health Care Services to make available to the office unit any information on other school-based dental, health, and mental health programs, and school-based health centers, that may receive Medi-Cal funding. The bill would require the office unit to be supported through an interagency agreement with the State Department of Health Care Services, and would authorize the office unit to receive additional funds from grants and other sources.
The bill would increase the annual funding limit for the activities of the State Department of Health Care Services that support the LEA Medi-Cal billing option to $2,000,000, and would require that $500,000 of that amount be available for transfer to the State Department of Education to support the office unit pursuant to that interagency agreement, with any unexpended funds to be returned.
The bill would require the State Department of Health Care Services to collaborate with the office, unit, as specified, and would require a certain summary of activities prepared by the State Department of Health Care Services to include, among other things, activities conducted in coordination with the office. unit.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) The Local Educational Agency (LEA) Medi-Cal Billing Option Program (BOP) was established in 1993 and since then has provided Medicaid funds to LEAs for health-related services provided to special education students.
(b) In December 2014, the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) issued new guidance that allows LEAs to serve all Medi-Cal-eligible students, whether or not they are a special education student.
(c) California has ranked in the bottom quartile of states by funding received through BOPs.
(d) CMS guidance states that an interagency agreement, describing and defining the relationships between the state Medicaid agency, the state department of education or the school district or local entity conducting the School-Based Medicaid Administrative Activities, needs to be in place in order to administer the activities and LEA BOPs.
(e) Establishing a School-Based Health Unit will improve academic outcomes for all eligible students in California by supporting LEAs to increase student access to school-based health programs and services.
(f) All students should have access to the treatment needed to address behavioral issues, learning disabilities, and trauma. When poorly treated, physical and mental health conditions can have a devastating impact on school attendance, behavior, and academic achievement.
(g) It is the intent of the Legislature to adequately address the needs of the whole child, by facilitating greater coordination between the State Department of Education and the State Department of Health Care Services.

SECTION 1.SEC. 2.

 Article 14 (commencing with Section 32445) is added to Chapter 3 of Part 19 of Division 1 of Title 1 of the Education Code, to read:
Article  14. Office of School-Based Health Programs School-Based Health Unit

32445.
 For purposes of this article the following definitions shall apply:
(a) “Department” means the State Department of Education.

(b)“Office” means the Office of School-Based Health Programs established pursuant to this article.

(b) “Unit” refers to the unit within the State Department of Education that is dedicated to expanding access to school-based health programs pursuant to this article.

32447.
 (a) The department shall, no later than July 1, 2020, establish an Office of School-Based Health Programs a School-Based Health Unit for the purpose of administering current health-related programs under the purview of the department and advising the department on issues related to the delivery of school-based Medi-Cal services in the state. The scope of the office unit shall include collaborating with the State Department of Health Care Services on proposals for the expansion of school-based health services. The scope of the office unit shall also include assisting local educational agencies (LEAs) with information on, and participation in, the following school-based health programs:
(1) The Administrative Claiming process described in Section 14132.47 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(2) The LEA Medi-Cal billing option program described in Section 14132.06 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(3) All other programs under the federal Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT) services entitlement supporting the provision of health services to eligible students, including screening, diagnostic, and treatment services to prevent, identify, or address physical and behavioral health needs.
(b) The office unit shall advise the department on opportunities for effective coordination between health and education systems at the state, regional, and local levels to advance school-based health programs, and on strategies to leverage school-based Medi-Cal programs to sustain school-based health services.
(c) The office unit shall consider opportunities for expanding services, simplifying the administration of school-based health programs, increasing LEA participation, and maximizing allowable federal financial participation in the school-based health programs. These considerations shall include the benefits, costs, and the feasibility associated with the proposed opportunities to expand services.
(d) The office unit shall provide technical assistance, outreach, and informational materials to LEAs on allowable services and on the submission of claims. The office unit shall not otherwise provide informational materials related to the State Department of Health Care Services’ school-based health programs that have not been approved by the State Department of Health Care Services.
(e) The office unit may form advisory groups for technical assistance, for support in establishing the office, unit, and other purposes as deemed necessary.
(f) To the extent necessary, the State Department of Health Care Services shall make available to the office unit any information on other school-based dental, health, and mental health programs, and school-based health centers, that may receive Medi-Cal funding.
(g) The office unit shall be supported through an interagency agreement with the State Department of Health Care Services as authorized by paragraph (1) of subdivision (g) of Section 14115.8 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. Additional funds from grants and other sources may be used to support the office. unit.

(h)(1)This section shall not prohibit the department from using an existing branch or division within the department to serve as the office, in lieu of establishing a new office, for purposes of implementing this section.

(2)

(h) This section shall not limit or modify Section 14132.06 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.

SEC. 2.SEC. 3.

 Section 14115.8 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

14115.8.
 (a) (1) The department shall amend the Medicaid state plan with respect to the billing option for services by local educational agencies (LEAs), to ensure that schools shall be reimbursed for all eligible services that they provide that are not precluded by federal requirements.
(2) The department shall examine methodologies for increasing school participation in the Medi-Cal billing option for LEAs so that schools can meet the health care needs of their students.
(3) The department shall, to the extent possible, simplify claiming processes for LEA billing.
(4) The department shall eliminate and modify state plan and regulatory requirements that exceed federal requirements when they are unnecessary.
(5) (A) The department shall, in consultation with the LEA Ad Hoc Workgroup established pursuant to subdivision (c), and consistent with any applicable federal requirements, issue and regularly maintain a program guide for the LEA Medi-Cal Billing Option program. The program guide shall contain fiscal and programmatic compliance information regarding processes, documentation, and guidance necessary for the proper submission of claims, and auditing of LEAs, charter schools, and community colleges, as required under the LEA Medi-Cal Billing Option program.
(B) The program guide described in subparagraph (A) shall include, but not be limited to, state plan amendments, Frequently Asked Questions, policy and procedure letters, trainings, provider manuals, and all other types of instructional materials relevant to the LEA Medi-Cal Billing Option program.
(C) The department shall distribute the program guide to all participating LEAs, charter schools, and community colleges by January 1, 2020. Distribution of the program guide may occur by electronic mail or by notification by electronic mail of the posting of the guide on the department’s internet website.
(D) The department shall only adopt a revision of the program guide after providing 30 calendar days’ written notification of the revision, including a statement of justification, to the LEA Ad Hoc Workgroup and all other participating LEAs, charter schools, and community colleges. The department may provide written notice by electronic mail. Under extraordinary circumstances, when revisions are necessary to reflect changes required by state or federal law or otherwise mandated by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and those changes require immediate action, the department may provide less than 30 calendar days’ written notice.
(E) The department shall conduct an audit of a Medi-Cal billing option claim consistent with, but not limited to, all of the following:
(i) The program guide and any revisions made pursuant to subparagraph (D), including any revisions that are necessary to reflect changes required by state or federal law or otherwise mandated by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, that are in effect at the time the service was provided.
(ii) Generally accepted accounting principles.
(iii) Federal audit regulations, as set forth in Part 200 (commencing with Section 200.0) of Title 2 of the Code of Federal Regulations (Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards), or its successor.
(iv) Reasonable cost principles under the federal Medicare Program, as set forth in Part 413 (commencing with Section 413.1) of Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations, or its successor.
(v) The federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Provider Reimbursement Manual Part 1 (CMS Publication 15-1).
(vi) Any and all applicable federal or state statutes and regulations.
(F) For purposes of this paragraph, an audit shall refer to the audit and cost recovery process described in Section 14170.
(G) Notwithstanding Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, the department may issue and regularly maintain the program guide described in this paragraph without taking regulatory action.
(b) If a rate study for the LEA Medi-Cal billing option is completed pursuant to Section 52 of Chapter 171 of the Statutes of 2001, the department, in consultation with the entities named in subdivision (c), shall implement the recommendations from the study, to the extent feasible and appropriate.
(c) In order to assist the department in formulating the state plan amendments required by subdivisions (a) and (b), the department shall regularly consult with the State Department of Education, including the Office of School-Based Health Programs School-Based Health Unit established pursuant to Section 32447 of the Education Code, and with representatives of urban, rural, large, and small school districts, and county offices of education, the local education consortium, and local educational agencies. It is the intent of the Legislature that the department also consult with staff from Region IX of the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, experts from the fields of both health and education, and state legislative staff.
(d) Notwithstanding any other law, or any other contrary state requirement, the department shall take whatever action is necessary to ensure that, to the extent there is capacity in its certified match, an LEA shall be reimbursed retroactively for the maximum period allowed by the federal government for any department change that results in an increase in reimbursement to local educational agency providers.
(e) The department may undertake all necessary activities to recoup matching funds from the federal government for reimbursable services that have already been provided in the state’s public schools. The department shall prepare and take whatever action is necessary to implement all regulations, policies, state plan amendments, and other requirements necessary to achieve this purpose.
(f) The department shall file an annual report with the Legislature that shall include at least all of the following:
(1) A copy of the annual comparison required by subdivision (i).
(2) A state-by-state comparison of school-based Medicaid total and per eligible child claims and federal revenues. The comparison shall include a review of the most recent two years for which completed data is available.
(3) A summary of department activities and an explanation of how each activity contributed toward narrowing the gap between California’s per eligible student federal fund recovery and the per student recovery of the top three states. The summary of activities shall include activities conducted in coordination with the Office of School-Based Health Programs, School-Based Health Unit, established pursuant to Section 32447 of the Education Code.
(4) A listing of all school-based services, activities, and providers approved for reimbursement by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in other state plans that are not yet approved for reimbursement in California’s state plan and the service unit rates approved for reimbursement.
(5) The official recommendations made to the department by the entities named in subdivision (c) and the action taken by the department regarding each recommendation.
(6) A one-year timetable for state plan amendments and other actions necessary to obtain reimbursement for those items listed in paragraph (4).
(7) Identification of any barriers to local educational agency reimbursement, including those specified by the entities named in subdivision (c), that are not imposed by federal requirements, and a description of the actions that have been, and will be, taken to eliminate them.
(g) (1) These activities shall be funded and staffed by proportionately reducing federal Medicaid payments allocable to LEAs for the provision of benefits funded by the federal Medicaid program under the billing option for services by LEAs specified in this section. Moneys collected as a result of the reduction in federal Medicaid payments allocable to LEAs shall be deposited into the Local Educational Agency Medi-Cal Recovery Fund, which is hereby established in the Special Deposit Fund established pursuant to Section 16370 of the Government Code. These funds shall be used, upon appropriation by the Legislature, only to support the department to meet all the requirements of this section. If at any time this section is repealed, it is the intent of the Legislature that all funds in the Local Educational Agency Medi-Cal Recovery Fund be returned proportionally to all LEAs whose federal Medicaid funds were used to create this fund. The annual amount funded pursuant to this paragraph shall not exceed two million dollars ($2,000,000). Of this amount, five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) shall be available for transfer through an interagency agreement to the State Department of Education for the support of the Office of School-Based Health Programs School-Based Health Unit established pursuant to Section 32447 of the Education Code. To the extent that any transferred funds exceed actual, identifiable expenditures, the State Department of Education shall promptly return the unexpended funds proportionally to all LEAs whose funds were used.
(2) Moneys collected under paragraph (1) shall be proportionately reduced from federal Medicaid payments to all participating LEAs so that no one LEA loses a disproportionate share of its federal Medicaid payments.
(h) (1) The department may enter into a sole source contract to comply with the requirements of this section.
(2) The level of additional staff to comply with the requirements of this section, including, but not limited to, staff for which the department has contracted for pursuant to paragraph (1), shall be limited to that level that can be funded with revenues derived pursuant to subdivision (g).
(i) The activities of the department shall include all of the following:
(1) An annual comparison of the school-based Medicaid systems in comparable states.
(2) Efforts to improve communications with the federal government, the State Department of Education, and local educational agencies.
(3) The development and updating of written guidelines to local educational agencies regarding best practices to avoid audit exceptions, as needed.
(4) The establishment and maintenance of a local educational agency user-friendly, interactive internet website.
(5) Collaboration with the State Department of Education, including the Office of School-Based Health Programs, School-Based Health Unit, established pursuant to Section 32447 of the Education Code, to help ensure LEA compliance with state and federal Medicaid requirements and to help improve LEA participation in the Medi-Cal billing option for LEAs.