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SB-1369 Energy: electrolytic hydrogen.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 05/02/2018 09:00 PM
SB1369:v97#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  May 02, 2018
Amended  IN  Senate  April 11, 2018

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 1369


Introduced by Senator Skinner
(Coauthor: Senator Hertzberg)

February 16, 2018


An act to add Chapter 8.5 (commencing with Section 2847) to Part 2 of Division 1 of the Public Utilities Code, relating to energy.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 1369, as amended, Skinner. Energy: green electrolytic hydrogen.
Under existing law, the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) has regulatory authority over public utilities, including electrical corporations, while local publicly owned electric utilities are under the direction of their governing boards.
This bill would require the PUC, in consultation with the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Energy Commission) Commission), in consultation with the PUC and the State Air Resources Board, to develop 5 green up to 3 electrolytic hydrogen pilot projects meeting certain criteria to produce green electrolytic hydrogen, as defined. The pilot projects would be required to produce that hydrogen through electrolysis using electricity meeting specified criteria and to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The bill would require that the projects be funded from moneys that are dedicated for research and development and not be recovered directly from ratepayers, except for moneys that the PUC, prior to January 1, 2019, authorized to be recovered for the purpose of research and development.
Existing law requires the PUC to adopt a process for each load-serving entity, defined as including electrical corporations, electric service providers, and community choice aggregators, to file for approval an integrated resource plan and a schedule for periodic updates to the plan to ensure that load-serving entities accomplish specified objectives. Existing law requires that the governing board of a local publicly owned electric utility with an annual electrical demand exceeding 700 gigawatthours adopt an integrated resource plan and a process for updating the plan at least once every 5 years to ensure the utility achieves specified objectives. Existing law requires that local publicly owned electric utility integrated resource plans and any updates be filed with the Energy Commission, and requires the Energy Commission to review the plans and plan updates and, if the Energy Commission determines a plan or plan update is deficient, to provide recommendations to correct the deficiencies.
This bill would require the PUC and Energy Commission to consider the existing and potential uses for green electrolytic hydrogen when evaluating an integrated resource plan.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Green Electrolytic hydrogen, which is hydrogen gas produced through electrolysis, has become more available and cost effective due to the successful development of new low-cost renewable energy resources, like solar and wind.
(b) Green Electrolytic hydrogen production optimizes valuable eligible renewable energy resources, particularly intermittently generated electricity by converting electricity to green electrolytic hydrogen.
(c) Green Electrolytic hydrogen will be an important resource to assist the state to maximize intermittent electricity generation and energy storage for short-term, long-term, and seasonal storage applications in the future, as the electrical systems integrates higher levels of intermittent low-cost electricity from eligible renewable energy resources.
(d) California’s goals for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases can be served by utilizing, to the maximum extent possible, eligible renewable energy resources either directly to serve consumers of electricity or indirectly through green electrolytic hydrogen production to replace existing natural gas applications, including displacing natural gas, gasoline, or other fossil fuel-derived gases for electric generation, heating sources, transportation fuels, and other industrial practices.
(e) Green Electrolytic hydrogen can assist with reducing emissions of greenhouse gases by leveraging the success of the California Renewables Portfolio Standard Program to further reduce emissions of greenhouse gases and criteria air pollutants from other sectors, including the gas and transportation sectors, as an important next step for deeper decarbonization across all economic sectors to meet the state’s overall goals for reducing emissions of greenhouse gases.
(f) Utilizing existing energy infrastructure to produce green electrolytic hydrogen will benefit consumers by avoiding new, redundant, and excess energy infrastructure and optimizing the use of current system investments.

SEC. 2.

 Chapter 8.5 (commencing with Section 2847) is added to Part 2 of Division 1 of the Public Utilities Code, to read:
CHAPTER  8.5. Green Electrolytic Hydrogen
Article  1. Definitions

2847.
 For purposes of this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings:
(a) “Eligible renewable energy resource” means a source of electrical generation that is an eligible renewable energy resource pursuant to the California Renewables Portfolio Standard Program (Article 16 (commencing with Section 399.11) of Chapter 2.3 of Part 1).
(b) “Green “Electrolytic hydrogen” means hydrogen gas produced through electrolysis and does not include hydrogen gas manufactured using steam reforming or some other conversion technology that produces hydrogen from a fossil fuel feedstock.
(c) “Integrated resource plan” means an integrated resource plan filed by a load-serving entity for approval by the commission pursuant to Section 454.52 or an integrated resource plan adopted by a local publicly owned electric utility and filed with the Energy Commission pursuant to Section 9622.
(d) “ISO” means the Independent System Operator or a successor multistate independent system operator.
(e) “Load-serving entity” has the same meaning as defined in Section 380.
(f) “State board” means the State Air Resources Board.

Article  2. Green Electrolytic Hydrogen Pilot Program

2848.
 (a) The commission, Energy Commission, in consultation with the Energy Commission commission and the state board, shall develop five green up to three electrolytic hydrogen pilot projects to produce green electrolytic hydrogen that do all of the following:
(1) Utilize electricity transmitted over the electrical grid if the energy optimizes renewable energy resources on the electrical grid or provides overall electrical system balancing benefits, including short-term, multi-day, and seasonal energy storage, reduces demand for peak electrical generation, defers or substitutes for an investment in generation, transmission, or distribution assets, or improves the reliable operation of the electrical transmission or distribution grid.
(2) Utilize electricity from zero-carbon electricity resources as determined by the commission.
(3) Reduce emissions of greenhouse gases.
(b) The pilot projects shall meet the following criteria:
(1) Each shall use no more than five megawatts, unless the commission determines that higher usage is appropriate.
(2) Together, they shall achieve reasonable geographic diversity.
(3) They shall be distributed among various load-serving entities.
(4) They shall facilitate reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases and criteria air pollutants.
(5) They shall produce electrical system benefits and reduce fossil fuel derived natural gas usage.
(c) The pilot projects shall only be funded from moneys that are dedicated for research and development and shall not be recovered directly from ratepayers, except for moneys that the commission, prior to January 1, 2019, authorized to be recovered for the purpose of research and development.

Article  3. Integrated Resource Planning

2849.
 The commission and the Energy Commission shall consider existing and potential uses for green electrolytic hydrogen when evaluating an integrated resource plan.