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AJR-18 Korean Peninsula: regional peace and stability.(2017-2018)

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AJR18:v98#DOCUMENT

Revised  June 22, 2017
Amended  IN  Assembly  June 20, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Joint Resolution No. 18


Introduced by Assembly Member Choi
(Principal coauthor: Assembly Member Quirk-Silva)
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Arambula, Baker, Berman, Bigelow, Bloom, Bonta, Burke, Caballero, Cervantes, Chau, Chávez, Chen, Chiu, Chu, Cooley, Cooper, Cunningham, Dababneh, Dahle, Flora, Fong, Frazier, Friedman, Gallagher, Cristina Garcia, Eduardo Garcia, Gipson, Gloria, Gomez, Grayson, Holden, Irwin, Kalra, Kiley, Lackey, Levine, Limón, Low, Maienschein, Mathis, Mayes, Medina, Melendez, Mullin, Muratsuchi, Nazarian, Obernolte, Patterson, Quirk, Rendon, Reyes, Ridley-Thomas, Rodriguez, Salas, Steinorth, Mark Stone, Thurmond, Ting, Voepel, Waldron, Weber, and Wood)

June 01, 2017


Relative to the 67th Korean War Remembrance and encouraging a peaceful solution. stability in the Korean Peninsula.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AJR 18, as amended, Choi. 67th Korean War Remembrance and encouraging a peaceful solution. Korean Peninsula: regional peace and stability.
This measure would encourage the government of the United States to exhaust all proper channels of diplomatic communications, economic sanctions, and mutually agreeable strategies with relevant stakeholders before taking any military action against North Korea and thereby risking the lives of the millions of people living in South Korea and in the United States by igniting further war in the Korean Peninsula. call on the United States Congress and the President of the United States to take appropriate measures to facilitate stability in the Korean region, build goodwill that is conducive to peace on the Korean Peninsula, and minimize potential negative impacts to the South Korean economy, ensuring that the trade relationship between California and South Korea can continue to flourish.
Fiscal Committee: NO  

WHEREAS, The year 2017 marks the 67th year since the Korean War broke out on June 25, 1950; and 1950, when the North Korean People’s Army crossed the 38th parallel and invaded the Republic of Korea with 135,000 soldiers; and
WHEREAS, During the fierce fighting that was the Korean War, 36,516 Americans died, including 2,611 Californians, 92,134 were injured, and 4,759 are still missing in action; and
WHEREAS, Nearly one million South Korean soldiers and civilians were killed during this war; and
WHEREAS, Korea is still divided into North and South since the Korean Armistice in 1953; and was signed on July 27, 1953, in Panmunjom. After the armistice, Communist Korean forces withdrew across the 38th parallel, reinstating South Korea’s status as a free, democratic nation; and

WHEREAS, The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, commonly known as North Korea, is unstable and increasingly expanding its ability to test intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), thereby violating international law; and

WHEREAS, North Korea’s government leadership is unpredictable and unafraid of challenging the United States and our allies; and

WHEREAS, The United States believes this threat to the stability of the East Asian region and to the United States is a serious one; and

WHEREAS, Any uncalculated action may trigger regional instability and possibly another world war if the People’s Republic of China were to become involved; and

WHEREAS, It is apparent that North Korea will strike the Republic of Korea, commonly known as South Korea, if provoked; and

WHEREAS, The division on the Korean Peninsula separated more than 10 million Korean family members, including some who are now citizens of the United States; and
WHEREAS, According to the 2010 United States census, there are roughly 500,000 people in California who self-identify as Korean in origin, making California the state with the largest Korean population; and
WHEREAS, Approximately 150,000 citizens of the United States reside in South Korea; and

WHEREAS, The Demilitarized Zone, one of the most militarized borders in the world, is only 25 miles from the 25.5 million people living in the City of Seoul, and the people of Seoul are within range of North Korea’s artillery strikes; and

WHEREAS, A preemptive strike on North Korea will ignite further war in the Korean Peninsula, resulting in possibly millions of casualties; and

WHEREAS, If war breaks out in the Korean Peninsula, the approximately 50 million citizens of South Korea will be in imminent danger of being harmed or killed; and

WHEREAS, South Korea, Japan, and the People’s Republic of China have also officially shared these concerns; now, therefore, be it

Resolved by the Assembly and the Senate of the State of California, jointly, That the Legislature encourages the government of the United States to exhaust all proper channels of diplomatic communications, economic sanctions, and mutually agreeable strategies with relevant stakeholders before taking any military action against North Korea and thereby risking the lives of the millions of people living in South Korea and in the United States by igniting further war in the Korean Peninsula; and be it further

WHEREAS, The United States Congress signaled its interest in family reunions between United States citizens and their relatives in North Korea in Section 1265 of the National Defense Authorization Act for the 2008 fiscal year (Public Law 110-181), signed into law by President George W. Bush on January 28, 2008; and
WHEREAS, Many Korean Americans are waiting for a chance to meet their relatives in North Korea for the first time in more than 65 years; and
WHEREAS, It is apparent that Korean Americans living in California will be devastated by the loss, damages, and suffering of their families and relatives remaining in South Korea; and
WHEREAS, Peace on the Korean Peninsula remains a long-term goal for the governments of South Korea and the United States and would mean greater security and stability for the region and the world; and
WHEREAS, The United States believes the threat to the stability of the region and to the interests of the United States is a credible one; and
WHEREAS, South Korea is a significant market for U.S. small- and medium-sized companies, which make up the majority of U.S. businesses exporting to South Korea; and
WHEREAS, California is the top exporting state to South Korea, making up nearly 20 percent of U.S. exports. In 2016, California exported over $8.2 billion in goods to South Korea; and
WHEREAS, According to the most recent figures, United States foreign direct investment in South Korea totaled roughly $34.6 billion and is concentrated largely in the manufacturing, banking, and wholesale trade sectors. South Korean foreign direct investment in the United States reached $40 billion; and
WHEREAS, Regional instability could lead South Korea to spend more on defense and could hurt revenues, potentially causing damage to the $1.4 trillion economy of South Korea and affecting the confidence of Korean consumers and businesses, increasing the difficulty of the South Korean government promoting economic recovery; now, therefor, be it
Resolved, by the Assembly and the Senate of the State of California, jointly, That the Legislature calls on the United States Congress and the President of the United States to take appropriate measures to facilitate stability in the Korean region, build goodwill that is conducive to peace on the Korean Peninsula, and minimize potential negative impacts to the South Korean economy, ensuring that the trade relationship between California and South Korea can continue to flourish; and be it also
Resolved, That the Chief Clerk of the Assembly transmit copies of this resolution to the President and Vice President of the United States, to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, to the Majority Leader of the Senate, and to each Senator and Representative from California in the Congress of the United States.
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REVISIONS:
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