Bill Text

PDF |Add To My Favorites | print page

AB-2855 Income taxes: net operating losses: carrybacks: overpayments: estimated tax.(2017-2018)

SHARE THIS:share this bill in Facebookshare this bill in Twitter
Date Published: 07/05/2018 11:47 AM
AB2855:v97#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  July 05, 2018
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 18, 2018

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 2855


Introduced by Assembly Member Brough

February 16, 2018


An act to amend Sections 19057, 19131.5, 19306, and 19340 of, and to add Sections 19051.5 and 19307.5 to, the Revenue and Taxation Code, relating to taxation.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 2855, as amended, Brough. Income taxes: net operating losses: carrybacks: overpayments: estimated tax.
The Personal Income Tax Law and the Corporation Tax Law, in modified conformity to federal law, allow taxpayers to utilize net operating losses and carryovers and carrybacks of those losses for purposes of offsetting their tax liabilities. Existing law allows net operating losses attributable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2013, to be carrybacks to each of the preceding 2 taxable years, as provided. Existing law allows for a credit against estimated tax of an overpayment of tax for a preceding year. Federal income tax law includes provisions that allow a taxpayer to file an application for a tentative carryback adjustment of the tax for the prior taxable year affected by a net operating loss carryback, as provided.
This bill would additionally conform to those federal provisions, as provided. provided, but would allow for the suspension of the tentative carryback and refund adjustments pursuant to a proclamation issued by the Governor, as described.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 19051.5 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

19051.5.
 If the Franchise Tax Board determines that the amount applied, credited, or refunded under Section 19307.5 is in excess of the overassessment attributable to the carryback with respect to which that amount was applied, credited, or refunded, the Franchise Tax Board may assess the amount of the excess as an overstatement of a credit pursuant to Section 19054.

SEC. 2.

 Section 19057 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19057.
 (a) Except in the case of a false or fraudulent return and except as otherwise expressly provided in this part, every notice of a proposed deficiency assessment shall be mailed to the taxpayer within four years after the return was filed. No deficiency shall be assessed or collected with respect to the year for which the return was filed unless the notice is mailed within the four-year period or the period otherwise provided. For purposes of this chapter, the term “return” means the return required to be filed by the taxpayer and does not include a return of any person from whom the taxpayer has received an item of income, gain, loss, deduction, or credit.
(b) The running of the period of limitations provided in subdivision (a) on mailing a notice of proposed deficiency assessment shall, in a case under Title 11 of the United States Code, be suspended for any period during which the Franchise Tax Board is prohibited by reason of that case from mailing the notice of proposed deficiency assessment and for 60 days thereafter.
(c) Where, within the 60-day period ending on the day on which the time prescribed in this section for the assessment of any tax imposed under Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001) or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) for any taxable year would otherwise expire, the Franchise Tax Board receives a written document, other than an amended return or a report required by Section 18622, signed by the taxpayer showing that the taxpayer owes an additional amount of that tax for that taxable year, the period for the assessment of an additional amount in excess of the amount shown on either an original or amended return shall not expire before the day 60 days after the day on which the Franchise Tax Board receives that document.
(d) If a taxpayer determines in good faith that it is an exempt organization and files a return as an exempt organization under Section 23772, and if the taxpayer is thereafter held to be a taxable organization for the taxable year for which the return is filed, that return shall be deemed the return of the organization for the purposes of this section.
(e) In the case of a deficiency attributable to the application of a net operating loss carryback, a notice of proposed assessment may be mailed to a taxpayer at any time before the expiration of the period within which a deficiency for the taxable year of the net operating loss for which a carryback is claimed may be proposed.
(f) In a case where an amount has been applied, credited, or refunded by reason of a net operating loss carryback to a prior taxable year, the period described in subdivision (a) for mailing a notice of proposed deficiency assessment for that prior taxable year shall be extended to include the period described in subdivision (e), except that the amount that may be proposed to be assessed solely by reason of this subdivision shall not exceed the amount so applied, credited, or refunded by reason of a net operating loss carryback to a prior taxable year, reduced by any amount that may be proposed to be assessed solely by reason of subdivision (e).
(g) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to proposed deficiency assessments mailed on or after January 1, 2019.

SEC. 3.

 Section 19131.5 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19131.5.
 (a) Section 6164 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to extension of time for payment of taxes by corporations expecting carrybacks, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(b) (1) Section 6164 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to extension of time for payment of taxes by corporations expecting carrybacks, is modified by substituting the phrase “Secretary or the Franchise Tax Board” for the word “Secretary” in each place it appears.
(2) Section 6164(a) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting the phrase “Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001)” in lieu of the phrase “subtitle A.”
(3) Section 6164(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to contents of statement, is modified by substituting the phrase “Section 24416” in lieu of the phrase “Section 172(b).”
(4) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2019, Section 6164(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting the phrase “Section 19307.5” in lieu of the phrase “section 6411.”
(5) Section 6164(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to jeopardy, is modified as follows:
(A) By substituting the phrase “he or the Franchise Tax Board” for the word “he” in each place it appears.
(B) By substituting the phrase “him or the Franchise Tax Board” for the word “him” in each place it appears.
(6) Section 6164(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to consolidated returns, is modified by substituting the phrase “combined report” in lieu of the phrase “consolidated return” in each place it appears.

SEC. 4.

 Section 19306 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19306.
 (a) A credit or refund shall not be allowed or made after a period ending four years from the date the return was filed (if filed within the time prescribed by Section 18567 or 18604, whichever is applicable), four years from the last day prescribed for filing the return (determined without regard to any extension of time for filing the return), or after one year from the date of the overpayment, whichever period expires later, unless before the expiration of that period a claim therefor is filed by the taxpayer, or unless before the expiration of that period the Franchise Tax Board allows a credit, makes a refund, or mails a notice of proposed overpayment on a preprinted form prescribed by the Franchise Tax Board.
(b) The amendments to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall be applied to all claims and refunds, without regard to taxable year, for which the statute of limitations has not expired on the date that this act takes effect.
(c) If the claim for credit or refund relates to an overpayment attributable to a net operating loss carryback allowed under subdivision (c) of Section 17276 or subdivision (d) of Section 24416, in lieu of the four-year period of limitation prescribed in subdivision (a), the period shall be that period that ends four years after the date the return was filed, if filed within the time prescribed by Section 18567 or 18604, whichever is applicable, or four years from the last date provided for filing the return, determined without regard to any extension of time for filing the return, for the taxable year of the net operating loss that results in the carryback.
(d) (1) If the allowance of a credit or refund of an overpayment of tax attributable to a net operating loss carryback is otherwise prevented by the operation of any law or rule of law other than Section 19443, the credit or refund may be allowed or made if the claim therefor is filed within the period provided in subdivision (c).
(2) If the allowance of an application, credit, or refund of a decrease in tax determined under Section 19307.5 is otherwise prevented by the operation of any law or rule of law other than Section 19443, that application, credit, or refund may be allowed or made if application for a tentative carryback adjustment is made within the period provided in Section 19307.5.
(3) In the case of that claim for refund or that application for a tentative carryback adjustment, the determination by any court in any proceeding in which the decision of the court has become final shall be conclusive, except with respect to the net operating loss deduction and the effect of the deduction, to the extent that deduction is affected by a carryback that was not an issue in that proceeding.
(e) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to applications for tentative carryback refund filed on or after January 1, 2019.

SEC. 5.

 Section 19307.5 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

19307.5.
 (a) Section 6411 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to tentative carryback and refund adjustments, shall apply only to an application for a tentative carryback adjustment of the tax for prior taxable years affected by a net operating loss carryback.
(b) Section 6411 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to tentative carryback and refund adjustments, is modified by substituting the number “180” for the number “90” in each place it appears.
(c) (1) Section 6411(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to application for adjustment, is modified as follows:
(A) By substituting the phrase “Section 17276 or 24416” in lieu of the phrase “section 172(b).”
(B) By substituting the phrase “Section 18621” in lieu of the phrase “section 6065.”
(2) Section 6411(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to allowance of adjustments, is modified by substituting the phrase “Section 19131.5” in lieu of the phrase “section 6164.”
(d) (1) The Franchise Tax Board may issue any regulations necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this section.
(2) Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code shall not apply any standard, criterion, procedure, determination, rule, notice, or guideline established or issued by the Franchise Tax Board.
(e) (1) The Governor may suspend the tentative carryback and refund adjustments under this section by a proclamation, filed with the Secretary of State, that finds and declares that an economic emergency exists in this state and it is necessary that the tentative carryback and refund adjustments under this section be suspended until the end of the economic emergency.
(2) If the Governor issues a proclamation pursuant to paragraph (1), the Governor shall specify in the proclamation the taxable year to which the suspension applies.
(3) A proclamation issued pursuant to paragraph (1) shall expire on the first day after the end of the taxable year to which the proclamation applies.
(4) The Governor may issue an additional proclamation upon the expiration of a prior proclamation if an economic emergency continues to exist and all the requirements of this subdivision are met.

(e)

(f) This section shall apply to tentative carryback and refund adjustments filed on or after January 1, 2019.

SEC. 6.

 Section 19340 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19340.
 Interest shall be allowed and paid on any overpayment in respect of any tax, at the adjusted annual rate established pursuant to Section 19521 as follows:
(a) In the case of a credit, from the date of the overpayment to the due date of the amount for which the credit is allowed. Any interest allowed on any credit shall first be credited on any amounts due from the taxpayer under Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001), this part, or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001).
(b) In the case of a refund, including a refund in excess of tax liability as prescribed in subdivision (j) of Section 17053.5, from the date of the overpayment to a date preceding the date of the refund warrant by not more than 30 days, the date to be determined by the Franchise Tax Board.
(c) For purposes of this section, if any overpayment of the “net tax” imposed under Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001) or the “tax” imposed under Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) results from a net operating loss carryback allowed under subdivision (c) of Section 17276 or subdivision (d) of Section 24416, that overpayment shall not be deemed to have been made before the filing date for the taxable year in which that net operating loss carryback arises.
(d) (1) For purposes of subdivision (c), the term “filing date” means the last date prescribed for filing the return of the “net tax” imposed under Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001) or the “tax” imposed under Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) for the taxable year, determined without regard to extensions.
(2) (A) For purposes of Section 19341, the following shall apply:
(i) Any overpayment described in subdivision (c) shall be treated as an overpayment for the loss year.
(ii) Subdivision (c) shall be applied with respect to the overpayment by treating the return for the loss year as not filed before a claim for that overpayment is filed.
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the term “loss year” means the taxable year in which the net operating loss arises.
(3) For purposes of clause (ii) of subparagraph (A), if a taxpayer files a claim for refund of any overpayment described in subdivision (c) with respect to the taxable year to which a loss or credit is carried back, and subsequently files an application under Section 19307.5 with respect to that overpayment, then the claim for overpayment shall be treated as having been filed on the date the application under Section 19307.5 was filed.
(e) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply on or after January 1, 2019.