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SB-1064 Prisons: confidential informants.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 09/04/2020 09:00 PM
SB1064:v95#DOCUMENT

Enrolled  September 04, 2020
Passed  IN  Senate  August 31, 2020
Passed  IN  Assembly  August 31, 2020
Amended  IN  Assembly  August 25, 2020
Amended  IN  Assembly  August 24, 2020
Amended  IN  Senate  June 18, 2020

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill
No. 1064


Introduced by Senator Skinner

February 18, 2020


An act to add Section 5016 to the Penal Code, relating to prisons.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 1064, Skinner. Prisons: confidential informants.
Existing law establishes the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, and grants the department authority over state prison facilities. Existing law authorizes the department to prescribe and amend rules and regulations for the administration of the prisons. Existing law establishes the Board of Parole Hearings, and authorizes the board to conduct parole consideration hearings.
This bill would prohibit an employee of, or private entity under contract with, the department from finding any state prisoner guilty of a rules violation if that finding or decision is based on, or relies on, in whole or in part, any information from an in-custody confidential informant that is neither corroborated nor reliable. The bill would additionally prohibit an employee of, or private entity under contract with, the board from making a finding or decision about any state prisoner that is based on, or relies on, in whole or in part, uncorroborated allegations from an in-custody confidential informant that have not been found true following a disciplinary hearing at which the subject was provided notice, among other requirements. The bill would require a state prisoner to receive, 10 days before these types of proceedings, a summary notice of any information provided by an in-custody confidential informant that may be used in the decision that includes, among other things, the actual or approximate date the information was provided to the department. The bill would define when information from an in-custody confidential informant is corroborated or reliable.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 5016 is added to the Penal Code, to read:

5016.
 (a) An employee of, or private entity under contract with, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall not find any state prisoner to be guilty of a rules violation, if the finding or decision is based on, or relies on, in whole or in part, any information from an in-custody confidential informant that is neither corroborated nor reliable under paragraph (2) of subdivision (d).
(b) An employee of, or private entity under contract with, the Board of Parole Hearings shall not make a finding or decision about any state prisoner that is based on, or relies on, in whole or in part, uncorroborated allegations from an in-custody confidential informant that have not been found true following a disciplinary hearing at which the subject was provided notice, an opportunity to confront nonconfidential witnesses before an impartial hearing body, a written statement of the evidence relied upon, a written statement of the reasons for the decision, and an opportunity for appeal.
(c) At least 10 days prior to any proceeding in which a decision described in subdivision (a) or (b) is made or considered, the state prisoner shall receive a summary notice of any information provided by an in-custody confidential informant that may be used in the decision. In the case of a proceeding before the Board of Parole Hearings at which the state prisoner has attorney representation, the state prisoner’s attorney shall also receive the same summary notice. The summary notice shall include all of the following:
(1) A detailed description of the information provided by the in-custody confidential informant.
(2) The actual or approximate date the information was provided to the department.
(3) The actual or approximate date of the events or actions referred to in the in-custody confidential informant’s report.
(4) The names of any receiving officers or other department officials who obtained and authored the in-custody confidential informant’s report.
(5) A brief overview of investigative steps taken by the receiving officer or other department official to confirm the facts reported and the in-custody confidential informant’s personal knowledge.
(6) A statement of whether the recipient of the confidential information has knowledge of whether the in-custody confidential informant previously provided information that proved to be true and that proved to be false, including the number of times, if known.
(7) The evidence used to corroborate the information. If the information is corroborated by another in-custody confidential informant, a summary notice pursuant to this subdivision shall also be provided with respect to the corroborating in-custody confidential informant. If corroboration is provided by a nonconfidential informant, that information shall be fully disclosed in the notice. If corroboration is provided by physical evidence, the physical evidence shall be fully disclosed in the notice and shall not be required to be returned to a state prisoner.
(8) A signed statement by an official at the rank of Correctional Counselor III, Correctional Captain, or higher that they have made the determination required by paragraph (2) of subdivision (d).
(d) As used in this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) A “state prisoner” is any person under the jurisdiction of the department who is not on parole.
(2) Confidential information is “corroborated” if information about the same person, act, time, and place has been separately and independently provided by another in-custody confidential informant, nonconfidential informant, or physical evidence. Confidential information is corroborated through investigation or through physical evidence. Information from an in-custody confidential informant is reliable if two or more of the following criteria are met:
(A) The information provided by the in-custody confidential informant is self-incriminating.
(B) The information provided is from nonconfidential sources.
(C) The in-custody confidential informant is the victim.
(D) The in-custody confidential informant successfully completed a polygraph examination.
(E) The sources and nature of the in-custody confidential informant’s personal knowledge of the events or actions.
(3) An “in-custody confidential informant” means a person in custody in any local, state, or federal jail, penal institution, or correctional institution, whose name and full statement has not been disclosed to the state prisoner who is the subject of the decision by the department or board.