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AB-907 Threats: schools and places of worship.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 07/10/2019 09:00 PM
AB907:v97#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  July 10, 2019
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 02, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 907


Introduced by Assembly Member Grayson
(Coauthor: Assembly Member Maienschein)

February 20, 2019


An act to add Section 422.2 to the Penal Code, relating to threats.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 907, as amended, Grayson. Threats: schools and places of worship.
Existing law makes it a crime to willfully threaten to commit a crime that will result in death or great bodily injury to another person, with the specific intent that the statement is to be taken as a threat and which, on its face and under the circumstances in which it is made, is so unequivocal, unconditional, immediate, and specific as to convey to the person threatened a gravity of purpose and an immediate prospect of execution of the threat, and thereby causes that person reasonably to be in sustained fear for the person’s own safety or for the person’s immediate family’s safety. Under existing law, this crime is punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for no more than one year for a misdemeanor, or by imprisonment in state prison for a felony.
This bill would make a person who willfully threatens to commit a crime that is reasonably likely to result in death or great bodily injury to any person who may be on the grounds of a school or place of worship, with specific intent and under certain circumstances, and if the threat causes a person or persons reasonably to be in sustained fear for their own safety or the safety of another person, guilty of a misdemeanor or felony punishable by imprisonment in a county jail for a specified term. term, except that if the person is under 18 years of age, the bill would make the person guilty of a misdemeanor. By creating a new crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 422.2 is added to the Penal Code, to read:

422.2.
 (a) A person who, by any means, including, but not limited to, an electronic act, willfully threatens to commit a crime that is reasonably likely to result in death or great bodily injury to any person who may be on the grounds of a school or place of worship, with the specific intent that the statement is to be taken as a threat, even if there is no intent of carrying it out, if the threat on its face and under the circumstances in which it is made, is so unequivocal, unconditional, immediate, and specific as to convey a gravity of purpose and an immediate prospect of execution of the threat, and if the threat causes a person or persons reasonably to be in sustained fear for their own safety or the safety of another person, shall be punished by imprisonment in a county jail for a term not exceeding one year, or by imprisonment pursuant to subdivision (h) of Section 1170.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a person under 18 years of age who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

(b)

(c) This section does not preclude or prohibit prosecution under any other law, except that a person shall not be convicted for the same threat under both this section and Section 422.

(c)

(d) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) “Electronic act” has the same meaning as in paragraph (2) of subdivision (r) of Section 48900 of the Education Code.
(2) “Place of worship” means any church, synagogue, temple, mosque, or other building where religious services are regularly conducted.
(3) “School” means a state preschool, a private or public elementary, middle, vocational, junior high, or high school, a community college, a public or private university, or a location where a school-sponsored event is or will be taking place and the threat is related to both the school-sponsored event and to the time period during which the school-sponsored event will occur.

SEC. 2.

  No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.