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AB-379 Youth athletics: concussion and sudden cardiac arrest prevention protocols.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 04/01/2019 09:00 PM
AB379:v98#DOCUMENT

Revised  April 23, 2019
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 01, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 379


Introduced by Assembly Member Maienschein
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Lackey, McCarty, Mullin, Reyes, and Chu)
(Coauthors: Senators Chang and Portantino)

February 05, 2019


An act to amend Section 124235 of, and to amend the heading of Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 124235) of Chapter 4 of Part 2 of Division 106 of, the Health and Safety Code, relating to youth athletics.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 379, as amended, Maienschein. Youth athletics: concussion and sudden cardiac arrest prevention protocols.
Existing law requires a youth sports organization, as defined to include an organization, business, nonprofit entity, or local governmental agency that sponsors or conducts amateur sports competitions, training, camps, or clubs in which persons 17 years of age or younger participate in any of 27 designated sports, if it offers an athletic program, to follow specified protocols with respect to concussions and other head injuries.
This bill would delete the designation of the 27 sports from the definition of youth sports organization for purposes of this provision, thus expanding the scope of this definition to any amateur sports competitions, training, camps, or clubs in which persons 17 years of age or younger participate. The bill would add to the requirements imposed on youth sports organizations by this provision specified protocols, similar to the concussion protocols required by existing law, relating to sudden cardiac arrest prevention.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NO   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The heading of Article 2.5 (commencing with Section 124235) of Chapter 4 of Part 2 of Division 106 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:
Article  2.5. Youth Sports Concussion and Sudden Cardiac Arrest Prevention Protocols

SEC. 2.

 Section 124235 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:

124235.
 (a) A youth sports organization that elects to offer an athletic program shall comply with all of the following:
(1) (A) An athlete who is suspected of sustaining a concussion or other head injury, or who has passed out or fainted, in an athletic activity shall be immediately removed from the athletic activity for the remainder of the day, and shall not be permitted to return to any athletic activity until the athlete is evaluated by a licensed healthcare provider. The athlete shall not be permitted to return to athletic activity until the athlete receives written clearance to return to athletic activity from a licensed healthcare provider. If the licensed healthcare provider determines that the athlete sustained a concussion or other head injury, the athlete shall also complete a graduated return-to-play protocol of no less than seven days in duration under the supervision of a licensed healthcare provider.
(B) If the licensed healthcare provider suspects that the athlete has a cardiac condition that puts the athlete at risk for sudden cardiac arrest or other heart-related issues, the athlete shall remain under the care of the licensed healthcare provider to pursue followup testing until the athlete is cleared to play.
(2) If an athlete who is 17 years of age or younger has been removed from athletic activity due to a suspected concussion or due to fainting or another suspected cardiac condition, the youth sports organization shall notify a parent or guardian of that athlete of the time and date of the injury, the symptoms observed, and any treatment provided to that athlete for the injury.
(3) (A) On a yearly basis, the youth sports organization shall give both a concussion and head injury and a sudden cardiac arrest information sheet to each athlete. The information sheet shall be signed and returned by the athlete and, if the athlete is 17 years of age or younger, shall also be signed by the athlete’s parent or guardian, before the athlete initiates practice or competition.
(B) If the athlete is six years of age or younger, only the signature of the athlete’s parent or guardian shall be required to comply with this paragraph. If the athlete is 18 years of age or older, only the signature of the athlete shall be required to comply with this paragraph.
(C) The information sheet may be sent and returned through an electronic medium including, but not necessarily limited to, fax or electronic mail.
(4) On a yearly basis, the youth sports organization shall offer concussion and head injury and sudden cardiac arrest prevention education, or related educational materials, or both, to each coach, administrator, and referee, umpire, or other game official of the youth sports organization.
(5) The youth sports organization shall require both of the following:
(A) Each coach, administrator, and referee, umpire, or other game official of the youth sports organization shall be required to successfully complete the concussion and head injury and sudden cardiac arrest prevention education offered pursuant to paragraph (4) at least once, either online or in person, before supervising an athlete in an activity of the youth sports organization.
(B) The youth sports organization shall post related information, as referenced in paragraph (4), online, or provide educational materials to athletes and parents, or both.
(6) The youth sports organization shall identify both of the following:
(A) Procedures to ensure compliance with the requirements for providing concussion and head injury and sudden cardiac arrest prevention education and a concussion and head injury and sudden cardiac arrest prevention information sheet, as referenced in paragraphs (3) to (5), inclusive.
(B) Procedures to ensure compliance with the athlete removal provisions and the return-to-play protocol required pursuant to paragraph (1).
(b) As used in this article, all of the following shall apply:
(1) “Concussion and head injury education and educational materials” and a “concussion and head injury information sheet” shall, at a minimum, include information relating to all of the following:
(A) Head injuries and their potential consequences.
(B) The signs and symptoms of a concussion.
(C) Best practices for removal of an athlete from an athletic activity after a suspected concussion.
(D) Steps for returning an athlete to school and athletic activity after a concussion or head injury.
(2) “Licensed healthcare provider” means a either of the following:
(A) A licensed healthcare provider who is trained in the evaluation and management of concussions and is acting within the scope of the provider’s practice. practice for evaluation and management of concussions or other head injuries.
(B) A licensed healthcare provider who is trained in the evaluation and management of cardiac conditions and is acting within the scope of that provider’s practice for evaluation and management of sudden cardiac arrest, fainting, and shortness of breath.
(3) “Sudden cardiac arrest prevention education and educational materials” and a “sudden cardiac arrest information sheet” shall, at a minimum, include information relating to all of the following:
(A) Cardiac conditions and their potential consequences.
(B) The signs and symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest.
(C) Best practices for removal of an athlete from an athletic activity after fainting or a suspected cardiac condition is observed.
(D) Steps for returning an athlete to an athletic activity after the athlete faints or experiences a cardiac condition.
(E) What to do in the event of a cardiac emergency: this shall include calling 911, performing hands-only CPR, and using an automated external defibrillator (AED) if it is available.
(4) “Youth sports organization” means an organization, business, nonprofit entity, or a local governmental agency that sponsors or conducts amateur sports competitions, training, camps, or clubs in which persons 17 years of age or younger participate.
(c) This section shall apply to all persons participating in the activities of a youth sports organization, irrespective of their ages. This section shall not be construed to prohibit a youth sports organization, or any other appropriate entity, from adopting and enforcing rules intended to provide a higher standard of safety for athletes than the standard established under this section.

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REVISIONS:
Heading—Line 2.
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