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AB-1788 Pesticides: use of anticoagulants.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 02/22/2019 09:00 PM
AB1788:v99#DOCUMENT


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1788


Introduced by Assembly Member Bloom

February 22, 2019


An act to amend Section 12978.7 of, and to add Section 12978.8 to, the Food and Agricultural Code, relating to pesticides.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1788, as introduced, Bloom. Pesticides: use of anticoagulants.
Existing law regulates the use of pesticides and authorizes the Director of Pesticide Regulation to adopt regulations to govern the possession, sale, or use of any pesticide, as prescribed. Existing law prohibits the use of any pesticide that contains one or more of specified anticoagulants in wildlife habitat areas, as defined. Existing law exempts from this prohibition the use of these pesticides for agricultural activities, as defined. Existing law requires the director, and each county agricultural commissioner under the direction and supervision of the director, to enforce the provisions regulating the use of pesticides. A violation of these provisions is a misdemeanor.
This bill would expand this prohibition to the entire state. The bill would also authorize the use of a pesticide containing a specified anticoagulant if the State Department of Public Health determines that there is a public health emergency due to a pest infestation and the Department of Pesticide Regulation determines that controlling or eradicating the pest infestation requires the use of a pesticide containing an anticoagulant, or if the California Environmental Protection Agency determines that there is an environmental emergency due to a pest infestation and the Department of Pesticide Regulation determines that controlling or eradicating the pest infestation requires the use of a pesticide that contains an anticoagulant. The bill would also prohibit the use of any pesticide that contains one or more specifically identified anticoagulants on state-owned property. The bill would provide that this provision does not apply to the use of pesticides for agricultural activities, as defined.
Because the bill would create new crimes, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) Wildlife, including birds of prey, mountain lions, bobcats, fishers, foxes, coyotes, and endangered species such as the northern spotted owl, pacific fisher, and San Joaquin kit fox, are an irreplaceable part of California’s natural ecosystems. As predators of small mammals, they play an important role in regulating and controlling the population of rodents throughout the state to improve public health and welfare.
(2) Millions of people annually visit California for the purposes of viewing and photographing wildlife, and these visits contribute millions of dollars to California’s economy.
(3) Urban areas are increasingly being used by predatory mammals and birds of prey and the public enjoys seeing them and values these animals and the ecosystem services they provide.
(4) The ecosystem services provided by native wildlife predators are a public trust, just like clean air and water. We, as California residents, are obligated to conserve these wildlife populations for future generations of Californians.
(5) Scientific research and state studies have found rodenticides in over 75 percent of animals tested. These rodenticides lead to direct mortality and chronic long-term health impacts for natural predators, nontarget organisms, and endangered species and further steps are needed to reduce rodenticide exposure in nontarget animals.
(6) While all anticoagulant rodenticides have a harmful impact on nontarget animals, second generation anticoagulant rodenticides (SGARs) are particularly dangerous to nontarget wildlife as SGARs are higher potency than prior generations and a single dose has a half-life of more than 100 days in a rodent’s liver. Due to high toxicity and concern for impact on nontarget wildlife, Department of Pesticide Regulation banned consumer sales and use of SGARs in 2014, restricting their purchase and use to certified pesticide applicators.
(7) Despite the 2014 regulations issued by the Department of Pesticide Regulation, scientific research and state studies have found no significant reduction in the number of nontarget wildlife with detectable levels of SGARs in their system. From 2014 through 2018, the Department of Fish and Wildlife found SGARs in more than 90 percent of tested mountain lions, 88 percent of tested bobcats, 85 percent of protected Pacific fishers tested, and 70 of northern spotted owls tested. Such data indicates that a consumer sales and use ban of SGARs has been insufficient to reduce rodenticide exposure in nontarget animals and further steps must be taken.
(8) Rodenticides can be counterproductive to rodent control by poisoning, harming, and killing natural predators that help regulate rodent populations throughout California.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature in enacting this act to ensure that aquatic, terrestrial, and avian wildlife species remain a fully functional component of the ecosystems they inhabit and move through in California.
(c) This act shall be known, and may be cited, as the California Natural Predator Protection Act of 2019.

SEC. 2.

 Section 12978.7 of the Food and Agricultural Code is amended to read:

12978.7.
 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (d), (c), (d), or (e) the use of any pesticide that contains one or more of the following anticoagulants is prohibited in a wildlife habitat area: this state:
(1) Brodifacoum.
(2) Bromadiolone.
(3) Difenacoum.
(4) Difethialone.

(b)As used in subdivision (a), a “wildlife habitat area” means any state park, state wildlife refuge, or state conservancy.

(c)

(b) State agencies are directed to encourage federal agencies to comply with subdivision (a).

(d)

(c) This section does not apply to the use of pesticides for agricultural activities, as defined in Section 564.

(e)

(d) This section does not preempt or supersede any federal statute or the authority of any federal agency.
(e) This section does not apply to the use of a pesticide that contains an anticoagulant described in paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a) if either of the following emergency conditions exists:
(1) The State Department of Public Health determines that there is a public health emergency due to a pest infestation and the Department of Pesticide Regulation determines that controlling or eradicating the pest infestation requires the use of a pesticide that contains an anticoagulant described in paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a).
(2) The California Environmental Protection Agency determines that there is an environmental emergency due to a pest infestation and the Department of Pesticide Regulation determines that controlling or eradicating the pest infestation requires the use of a pesticide that contains an anticoagulant described in paragraphs (1) to (4), inclusive, of subdivision (a).

SEC. 3.

 Section 12978.8 is added to the Food and Agricultural Code, to read:

12978.8.
 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (d), the use of any pesticide that contains one or more of the following anticoagulants is prohibited on any state-owned property in California:
(1) Chlorophacinone.
(2) Diphacinone.
(3) Warfarin.
(b) State agencies are directed to encourage federal agencies to comply with subdivision (a).
(c) This section does not apply to the use of pesticides for agricultural activities, as defined in Section 564.
(d) This section does not preempt or supersede any federal statute or the authority of any federal agency.

SEC. 4.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.