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AB-1603 California Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant Program.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 03/19/2019 09:00 PM
AB1603:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  March 19, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1603


Introduced by Assembly Member Wicks

February 22, 2019


An act to add Title 10.2 (commencing with Section 14130) to Part 4 of the Penal Code, relating to criminal justice.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1603, as amended, Wicks. California Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant Program.
Existing law establishes the Board of State and Community Corrections. Existing law charges the board with providing the statewide leadership, coordination, and technical assistance to promote effective state and local efforts and partnerships in California’s adult and juvenile criminal justice system, including addressing gang problems.
The existing Budget Act of 2018, 2018 establishes the California Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant Program, administered by the Board of State and Community Corrections, to award competitive grants for the purpose of violence intervention and prevention.
This bill would codify the establishment of the California Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant Program and the authority and duties of the board in administering the program, including the selection criteria for grants and reporting requirements to the Legislature.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Title 10.2 (commencing with Section 14130) is added to Part 4 of the Penal Code, to read:

TITLE 10.2. California Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant Program

14130.
 This title shall be known and may be cited as the Break the Cycle of Violence Act.

14130.14131.
 (a) The California Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant Program (CalVIP) is hereby created to be administered by the Board of State and Community Corrections.
(b) The purpose of CalVIP is to improve public health and safety by supporting effective violence reduction initiatives in communities that are disproportionately impacted by violence, particularly group-member involved homicides, shootings, and aggravated assaults.
(c) CalVIP grants shall be used to support, expand, and replicate evidence-based violence reduction initiatives, including, without limitation, hospital-based violence intervention programs, evidence-based street outreach programs, and focused deterrence strategies, that seek to interrupt cycles of violence and retaliation in order to reduce the incidence of homicides, shootings, and aggravated assaults. These initiatives shall be primarily focused on providing violence intervention services to the small segment of the population that is identified as having the highest risk of perpetrating or being victimized by violence in the near future.
(d) CalVIP grants shall be made on a competitive basis to cities that are disproportionately impacted by violence, and to community-based organizations that serve the residents of those cities.
(e) For purposes of this section, a city is disproportionately impacted by violence if any of the following are true:
(1) The city experienced 20 or more homicides per calendar year during two or more of the three calendar years immediately preceding the grant application.
(2) The city experienced 10 or more homicides per calendar year and had a homicide rate that was at least 50 percent higher than the statewide homicide rate during two or more of the three calendar years immediately preceding the grant application.
(3) An applicant otherwise demonstrates a unique and compelling need for additional resources to address the impact of homicides, shootings, and aggravated assaults in the applicant’s community.

(b)

(f) An applicant for a CalVIP grant shall submit a proposal, in a form prescribed by the board, which shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(1) Clearly defined and measurable objectives for the grant.
(2) A statement describing how the applicant proposes to use the grant to implement an evidence-based violence reduction initiative in accordance with this section.

(2)

(3) A statement describing how the applicant proposes to use the grant will to enhance coordination of existing violence prevention and intervention programs and minimize duplication of services.
(4) Evidence indicating that the proposed violence reduction initiative would likely reduce the incidence of homicides, shootings, and aggravated assaults.

(c)

(g) In awarding CalVIP grants, the board shall give preference to applicants that meet the following criteria: whose grant proposals demonstrate the greatest likelihood of reducing the incidence of homicides, shootings, and aggravated assaults in the applicant’s community, without contributing to mass incarceration.

(1)Serve communities with exceptionally high rates of homicides, shootings, and community violence.

(2)Propose to utilize CalVIP funds primarily to support evidence-based violence prevention and intervention programs, initiatives, or strategies that have the greatest likelihood of reducing violence without contributing to mass incarceration, including programs that seek to break the cycle of violence and retaliation, and programs that focus resources on those small segments of the population most likely to perpetrate or be victimized by violent crime.

(h) The amount of funds awarded to an applicant shall be commensurate with the scope of the applicant’s proposal and the applicant’s demonstrated need for additional resources to address violence in the applicant’s community.

(d)

(i) Each grantee shall commit a cash or in-kind contribution equivalent to 50 percent of the amount of the grant awarded under this section. The board may waive this requirement for good cause.
(j) Each city that receives a CalVIP grant shall distribute no less than 50 percent of the grant funds to one or more of any of the following types of entities:
(1) Community-based organizations.
(2) Public agencies or departments, other than law enforcement agencies or departments, that are primarily dedicated to community safety or violence prevention.

(e)

(k) The board shall form a grant selection advisory committee including, without limitation, persons who have been impacted by violence, formerly incarcerated persons, and persons with direct experience in implementing evidence-based violence reduction initiatives, including initiatives that incorporate public health and community-based approaches.

(f)

(l) The board may use up to 5 percent of the funds appropriated for the grant program CalVIP each year for the costs of administering the program including, without limitation, the employment of personnel, providing technical assistance to grantees, and evaluation of grants. violence reduction initiatives supported by CalVIP.

(g)

(m) Each grantee shall report to the board, in a form and at intervals prescribed by the board, their progress in achieving the grant objectives.

(h)

(n) The board shall, by no later than April 1 of each year, April 1, 2024, and every third year thereafter, prepare and submit a report to the Legislature in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code, including evaluations and effectiveness of each grant program and analyzing the overall effectiveness of the California Violence Intervention and Prevention Grant Program. Code regarding the impact of the violence prevention initiatives supported by CalVIP.

(i)

(o) The board shall make evaluations of each the grant program available to the public.