Bill Text

Bill Information


PDF |Add To My Favorites |Track Bill | print page

AB-1401 Surcharges on parking violations.(2019-2020)

SHARE THIS:share this bill in Facebookshare this bill in Twitter
Date Published: 02/22/2019 09:00 PM
AB1401:v99#DOCUMENT


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1401


Introduced by Assembly Member Fong

February 22, 2019


An act to amend Sections 70372 and 76000 of, and to repeal Section 76000.3 of, the Government Code, relating to parking violations.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1401, as introduced, Fong. Surcharges on parking violations.
Existing law imposes penalties in various amounts for parking violations. In addition to the amount imposed for the parking penalty, existing law also levies various surcharges on the penalties to fund court operations and construction, including a state court construction penalty, and to support authorized local purposes.
This bill would delete the authority of a court, county, city, district, or issuing agency to levy an additional surcharge on parking penalties for the above-described purposes.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 70372 of the Government Code is amended to read:

70372.
 (a) (1) Except as otherwise provided in this article, there shall be levied a state court construction penalty, in the amount of five dollars ($5) for every ten dollars ($10), or part of ten dollars ($10), upon every fine, penalty, or forfeiture imposed and collected by the courts for all criminal offenses, including, but not limited to, all offenses involving a violation of a section of the Fish and Game Code, the Health and Safety Code, or the Vehicle Code or any local ordinance adopted pursuant to the Vehicle Code. Code, excluding any penalty relating to a parking offense. This penalty is in addition to any other state or local penalty, including, but not limited to, the penalty provided by Section 1464 of the Penal Code and Section 76000.
(2) This construction penalty does not apply to the following:
(A) Any restitution fine.
(B) Any penalty authorized by Section 1464 of the Penal Code or Chapter 12 (commencing with Section 76000) of Title 8.

(C)Any parking offense subject to Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 of the Vehicle Code.

(D)

(C) The state surcharge authorized by Section 1465.7 of the Penal Code.
(3) Any bail schedule adopted pursuant to Section 1269b of the Penal Code or adopted by the Judicial Council pursuant to Section 40310 of the Vehicle Code may include the necessary amount to pay the penalty established by this section, the penalties authorized by Section 1464 of the Penal Code and Chapter 12 (commencing with Section 76000) of Title 8, and the surcharge authorized by Section 1465.7 of the Penal Code for all matters where a personal appearance is not mandatory and the bail is posted primarily to guarantee payment of the fine. After a determination by the court of the amount due, the clerk of the court shall collect the penalty and transmit it immediately to the county treasury and the county treasurer shall transmit these sums as provided in subdivision (f).

(b)In addition to the penalty provided by subdivision (a), for every parking offense where a parking penalty, fine, or forfeiture is imposed, an added state court construction penalty of four dollars and fifty cents ($4.50) shall be included in the total penalty, fine, or forfeiture. These moneys shall be taken from fines and forfeitures deposited with the county treasurer prior to any division pursuant to Section 1462.3 or 1463.009 of the Penal Code. In those cities, districts, or other issuing agencies which elect to accept parking penalties, and otherwise process parking violations pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 of the Vehicle Code, that city, district, or issuing agency shall observe the increased bail amounts as established by the court reflecting the added penalty provided for by this subdivision. Each agency that elects to process parking violations shall pay to the county treasurer four dollars and fifty cents ($4.50) for the parking penalty imposed by this subdivision for each violation that is not filed in court. Those payments to the county treasurer shall be made monthly, and the county treasurer shall transmit these sums as provided in paragraph (2) of subdivision (f). In the event these payments were deposited in a local courthouse construction fund and expended pursuant to the provisions of Chapter 592 of the Statutes of 2003, no county or processing agency shall be liable for the failure to transmit the payments to the Controller during the 2008 calendar year.

(c)

(b) If multiple offenses are involved, the state court construction penalty under subdivision (a) shall be based upon the total fine or bail for each case. If a fine is suspended, in whole or in part, the state court construction penalty under subdivision (a) shall be reduced in proportion to the suspension.

(d)

(c) If any deposited bail is made for an offense to which this section applies, and for which a court appearance is not mandatory, the person making the deposit shall also deposit a sufficient amount to include the state court construction penalty prescribed by subdivision (a) for forfeited bail. If bail is returned, the state court construction penalty paid thereon pursuant to subdivision (a) shall also be returned.

(e)

(d) In any case where a person convicted of any offense, to which this section applies, is in prison until the fine is satisfied, the judge may waive all or any part of the state court construction penalty, the payment of which would work a hardship on the person convicted or his or her the person’s immediate family.

(f)

(e) (1) Within 45 days after the end of the month that moneys are deposited in the county treasury pursuant to subdivision (a), the county treasurer shall transmit the moneys to the Controller, to be deposited as follows:
(A) The total to be deposited pursuant to subdivision (a) shall be multiplied by a fraction as follows:
(i) The numerator is the amount imposed as of January 1, 1998, as an additional penalty on every ten dollars ($10), or part of ten dollars ($10), upon every fine, penalty, or forfeiture, if any, for deposit into the local courthouse construction fund in that county established pursuant to Sections 76000 and 76100. The numerator shall be expressed in whole dollars and fractions of a dollar.
(ii) The denominator is five dollars ($5).
(B) The resulting amount shall be deposited in the Immediate and Critical Needs Account of the State Court Facilities Construction Fund, established in Section 70371.5.
(C) The remaining amount of the deposit shall be deposited in the State Court Facilities Construction Fund.
(2) Within 45 days after the end of the month that moneys are deposited in the county treasury pursuant to subdivision (b), the county treasurer shall transmit the moneys to the Controller to be deposited as follows: one-third of the total amount shall be deposited in the State Court Facilities Construction Fund and two-thirds of the total amount shall be deposited in the Immediate and Critical Needs Account of the State Court Facilities Construction Fund, established in Section 70371.5.

SEC. 2.

 Section 76000 of the Government Code is amended to read:

76000.
 (a) (1) Except as otherwise provided elsewhere in this section, in each county there shall be levied an additional penalty in the amount of seven dollars ($7) for every ten dollars ($10), or part of ten dollars ($10), upon every fine, penalty, or forfeiture imposed and collected by the courts for all criminal offenses, including all offenses involving a violation of the Vehicle Code or any local ordinance adopted pursuant to the Vehicle Code. Code, excluding any penalty relating to parking offense.
(2) This additional penalty shall be collected together with and in the same manner as the amounts established by Section 1464 of the Penal Code. These moneys shall be taken from fines and forfeitures deposited with the county treasurer prior to any division pursuant to Section 1463 of the Penal Code. The county treasurer shall deposit those amounts specified by the board of supervisors by resolution in one or more of the funds established pursuant to this chapter. However, deposits to these funds shall continue through whatever period of time is necessary to repay any borrowings made by the county on or before January 1, 1991, to pay for construction provided for in this chapter.
(3) This additional penalty does not apply to the following:
(A) Any restitution fine.
(B) Any penalty authorized by Section 1464 of the Penal Code or this chapter.

(C)Any parking offense subject to Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 of the Vehicle Code.

(D)

(C) The state surcharge authorized by Section 1465.7 of the Penal Code.

(b)In each authorized county, provided that the board of supervisors has adopted a resolution stating that the implementation of this subdivision is necessary to the county for the purposes authorized, with respect to each authorized fund established pursuant to Section 76100 or 76101, for every parking offense where a parking penalty, fine, or forfeiture is imposed, an added penalty of two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50) shall be included in the total penalty, fine, or forfeiture. Except as provided in subdivision (c), for each parking case collected in the courts of the county, the county treasurer shall place in each authorized fund two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50). These moneys shall be taken from fines and forfeitures deposited with the county treasurer prior to any division pursuant to Section 1462.3 or 1463.009 of the Penal Code. The judges of the county shall increase the bail schedule amounts as appropriate to reflect the added penalty provided for by this section. In those cities, districts, or other issuing agencies which elect to accept parking penalties, and otherwise process parking violations pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 of the Vehicle Code, that city, district, or issuing agency shall observe the increased bail amounts as established by the court reflecting the added penalty provided for by this section. Each agency which elects to process parking violations shall pay to the county treasurer two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50) for each fund for each parking penalty collected on each violation which is not filed in court. Those payments to the county treasurer shall be made monthly, and the county treasurer shall deposit all those sums in the authorized fund. No issuing agency shall be required to contribute revenues to any fund in excess of those revenues generated from the surcharges established in the resolution adopted pursuant to this chapter, except as otherwise agreed upon by the local governmental entities involved.

(c)The county treasurer shall deposit one dollar ($1) of every two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50) collected pursuant to subdivision (b) into the general fund of the county.

(d)The authority to impose the two-dollar-and-fifty-cent ($2.50) penalty authorized by subdivision (b) shall be reduced to one dollar ($1) as of the date of transfer of responsibility for facilities from the county to the Judicial Council pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 70321) of Chapter 5.1, except as money is needed to pay for construction provided for in Section 76100 and undertaken prior to the transfer of responsibility for facilities from the county to the Judicial Council.

(e)

(b) The seven-dollar ($7) additional penalty authorized by subdivision (a) shall be reduced in each county by the additional penalty amount assessed by the county for the local courthouse construction fund established by Section 76100 as of January 1, 1998, when the money in that fund is transferred to the state under Section 70402. The amount each county shall charge as an additional penalty under this section shall be as follows:
Alameda
$5.00
Marin
$5.00
San Luis Obispo
$5.00
Alpine
$5.00
Mariposa
$2.50
San Mateo
$4.75
Amador
$5.00
Mendocino
$7.00
Santa Barbara
$3.50
Butte
$7.00
Merced
$4.75
Santa Clara
$5.50
Calaveras
$3.00
Modoc
$3.50
Santa Cruz
$7.00
Colusa
$6.00
Mono
$4.00
Shasta
$3.50
Contra Costa
$5.00
Monterey
$5.00
Sierra
$7.00
Del Norte
$7.00
Napa
$3.00
Siskiyou
$5.00
El Dorado
$5.00
Nevada
$4.75
Solano
$5.00
Fresno
$7.00
Orange
$5.29
Sonoma
$5.00
Glenn
$4.00
Placer
$4.75
Stanislaus
$5.00
Humboldt
$5.00
Plumas
$7.00
Sutter
$6.00
Imperial
$6.00
Riverside
$4.60
Tehama
$7.00
Inyo
$4.00
Sacramento
$5.00
Trinity
$4.50
Kern
$7.00
San Benito
$5.00
Tulare
$5.00
Kings
$7.00
San Bernardino
$5.00
Tuolumne
$7.00
Lake
$7.00
San Diego
$7.00
Ventura
$5.00
Lassen
$2.00
San Francisco
$6.99
Yolo
$7.00
Los Angeles
$5.00
San Joaquin
$3.75
Yuba
$3.00
Madera
$7.00
_____
_____
_____
_____

SEC. 3.

 Section 76000.3 of the Government Code is repealed.
76000.3.

(a)Notwithstanding any other law, for each parking offense where a parking penalty, fine, or forfeiture is imposed, an added penalty of three dollars ($3) shall be imposed in addition to the penalty, fine, or forfeiture set by the city, district, or other issuing agency.

(b)For each infraction parking violation for which a penalty or fine is collected in the courts of the county, the county treasurer shall transmit the penalty imposed pursuant to subdivision (a) to the Treasurer for deposit in the Trial Court Trust Fund established by Section 68085. These moneys shall be taken from the penalties, fines, and forfeitures deposited with the county treasurer prior to any division pursuant to Section 1463.009 of the Penal Code. The judges of the county shall increase the bail schedule amounts as appropriate for infraction parking violations to reflect the added penalty provided for by subdivision (a).

(c)In those cities, districts, or other issuing agencies which elect to accept parking penalties, and otherwise process parking violations pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 40200) of Chapter 1 of Division 17 of the Vehicle Code, that city, district, or issuing agency shall collect the added penalty imposed by this section. Each agency that elects to process parking violations shall pay to the Treasurer for deposit in the Trial Court Trust Fund three dollars ($3) for each civil parking penalty collected on each violation. Those payments to the Treasurer shall be made monthly.