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AB-1015 Education finance: Opportunity Youth Reengagement Program.(2019-2020)

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Date Published: 03/26/2019 09:00 PM
AB1015:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  March 26, 2019

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2019–2020 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1015


Introduced by Assembly Member Members Gipson and Weber

February 21, 2019


An act to amend Section 51221.5 of add Section 42238.035 to, and to add Chapter 11.6 (commencing with Section 42960) to Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2 of, the Education Code, relating to pupil instruction. education finance.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1015, as amended, Gipson. Career technical education. Education finance: Opportunity Youth Reengagement Program.
Existing law establishes a system of public elementary and secondary education in this state. Under this system, local educational agencies, which include school districts, county offices of education, and charter schools, provide instruction to pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive, at schoolsites throughout the state. Existing law establishes a public school financing system that requires state funding for county superintendents of schools, school districts, and charter schools to be calculated pursuant to a local control funding formula (LCFF), as specified.
This bill would, for each fiscal year, upon appropriation by the Legislature, require the Superintendent of Public Instruction to make an apportionment to local educational agencies that would equal the amounts apportioned in the supplemental grant provisions of the LCFF that are attributable to the number of reengaged opportunity youth, as defined, enrolled in that agency. The bill would require the funds apportioned pursuant to the bill to be used to serve the reengaged opportunity youth under the Opportunity Youth Reengagement Program, which the bill would establish. The bill would also authorize the expenditure of the above-referenced LCFF supplemental grant funds for purposes of the program.
The bill would provide that a youth who is eligible to participate in the program funded under the bill would include a high school pupil formerly identified as a dropout, an expelled pupil, or a pupil who has not been enrolled for at least 90 days irrespective of designation, including, but not necessarily limited to, a pupil identified as a transfer pupil who has not reenrolled in a public elementary or secondary school for at least 90 days and a pupil who has been involved with the justice system, as specified. The bill would specify the reengagement services that could be provided to eligible youth by local educational agencies entering into agreements for provision of these services.
The bill would require a local educational agency that receives funding under the bill to provide specified outcome data in its annual local control and accountability plan.

Existing law provides that “vocational-technical education” has the same meaning as “career technical education.”

This bill would make nonsubstantive changes to that provision.

Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NOYES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) There are overwhelming economic, social, and personal barriers to California’s 700,000 “opportunity youth” 16 to 24 years of age who are out of work and not in school.
(b) Youth of color disproportionately make up nearly 74 percent of this population.
(c) High school dropouts earn 14 percent less than high school graduates, 23 percent less than those earning a postsecondary credential, and 36 percent less than those earning an associate degree.
(d) The skills gap faced by “opportunity youth” limits their employment to substandard wages, poor-quality jobs, and a greater likelihood to be unemployed or to face incarceration as adults.
(e) Youth who are involved with the justice system end up with inconsistent educational experiences and added trauma, even when they are placed in court-assigned schools.
(f) Total social costs for each “opportunity youth” are reflected in low earnings, lower tax revenues, high rates of crime and imprisonment, high health costs, and lack of social supports.
(g) Reengagement in high school and the provision of wraparound supports, including job training, counseling, community college, vocational schools, and other community services, significantly increase graduation rates and reduce social costs.
(h) There are a range of alternative schools that can provide services to reengaged opportunity youth, including community day schools, continuation schools, juvenile court schools, and charter schools focused on this mission.
(i) If one-half of California’s students dropping out in a single year were to earn a diploma, the economic benefits would include an additional total of $1,400,000,000 in earnings annually for these pupils and an annual increase in state and local revenues of $167,000,000.
(j) These youth are far more likely to experience poor health, lower incomes, unemployment, and incarceration as adults. California has approximately 700,000 “opportunity youth,” which is the highest rate in the country. These youth will face considerable challenges for the rest of their lives unless they are reconnected to educational or employment opportunities.
(k) Regional partnerships have effectively reconnected “opportunity youth” to schools and workforce development. One such partnership is the Los Angeles Performance Partnership Pilot (LAP3), which coordinates the resources and services of major public institutions, community-based organizations, philanthropic organizations, and private efforts to produce better outcomes for disconnected youth. LAP3 has been recognized as a national model for integrating workforce and educational services for youth. So far, LAP3 has reenrolled thousands of “opportunity youth” in school, and has connected thousands of youth to YouthSource centers, which provide free job skills training.

SEC. 2.

 Section 42238.035 is added to the Education Code, immediately following Section 42238.03, to read:

42238.035.
 (a) For each fiscal year, upon appropriation by the Legislature, the Superintendent shall apportion funds under this section for expenditure by local educational agencies, as defined in Section 42960, for purposes of Chapter 11.6 (commencing with Section 42960). The amount apportioned to each local educational agency pursuant to this section shall be equal to the amount the local educational agency is apportioned in the fiscal year as a supplemental grant add-on pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.02, or as a supplemental grant pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 2574, as appropriate, attributable to the number of reengaged opportunity youth, as defined in Section 42960, enrolled in that local educational agency.
(b) Notwithstanding any other law, a local educational agency, as defined in Section 42960, may expend moneys from the supplemental grant add-on provided under subdivision (e) of Section 42238.02, or as a supplemental grant pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 2574, for purposes of Chapter 11.6 (commencing with Section 42960).

SEC. 3.

 Chapter 11.6 (commencing with Section 42960) is added to Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Education Code, to read:
CHAPTER  11.6. Opportunity Youth Reengagement Program

42960.
 (a) The Opportunity Youth Reengagement Program is hereby established in order to provide services to local educational agencies serving pupils who are reengaged opportunity youth, as defined in subdivision (b), pursuant to funding received by participating local educational agencies from all of the following:
(1) The apportionment provided pursuant to Section 42238.035.
(2) The supplemental grant add-on calculated pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 42238.02.
(3) The concentration grant add-on authorized and calculated pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (f) of Section 42238.02.
(b) As used in this chapter:
(1) “Local educational agency” includes a school district, a county office of education, and a charter school.
(2) “Reengaged opportunity youth” means a high school pupil formerly identified as a dropout, an expelled pupil, or a pupil who has not been enrolled for at least 90 days irrespective of designation, including, but not necessarily limited to, a pupil identified as a transfer pupil who has not reenrolled in a public elementary or secondary school for at least 90 days, and a pupil who has been involved with the justice system as a defendant, probationer, or ward.

42961.
 (a) Funding received pursuant to Section 42238.035 shall be used for reengagement services for reengaged opportunity youth, including, but not necessarily limited to, the implementation of agreements with federal, state, and local governmental agencies, workforce development boards, community-based nonprofit and faith-based organizations, and public postsecondary educational institutions, in accordance with subdivision (b).
(b) (1) Each participating local educational agency may enter into an agreement with an entity or entities listed in subdivision (a) to work with the parent or guardian of a reengaged opportunity youth to provide services to any pupil who is a reengaged opportunity youth. Services provided pursuant to an agreement entered into under this section with an entity other than another local educational agency shall be subject to approval by the governing board or body of the participating local educational agency at a public hearing.
(2) The services provided pursuant to an agreement entered into under this section may include, but are not necessarily limited to, all of the following:
(A) Educational services provided to reengaged opportunity youth by a local educational agency to implement any of the following:
(i) Reduced class size.
(ii) Professional development to understand trauma and adverse childhood experiences.
(iii) Providing navigators to assist with access to college, career technical education, and community resources and support services.
(B) Workforce preparation services provided by a local educational agency or pursuant to an agreement with an organization that is implementing any of the following:
(i) The federal Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. Sec. 3101 et seq.).
(ii) A federally affiliated YouthBuild program.
(iii) Federal Job Corps training or instruction provided by a federal provider.
(iv) Federal Performance Partnership Pilots for Disconnected Youth.
(v) Services provided by the California Conservation Corps or a local conservation corps certified by the California Conservation Corps pursuant to Section 14406 or 14507.5 of the Public Resources Code.
(vi) Local YouthSource centers.
(C) Counseling services to address adverse childhood experiences or post-traumatic stress disorder.
(D) Substance abuse treatment services.
(E) Family preservation services.
(F) Other services appropriate for reengaged opportunity youth who are or were foster youth.
(G) Referrals to other agencies to ameliorate homelessness.
(H) Access to transportation.
(I) Leadership and civic engagement activities.
(c) At a minimum, each agreement entered into pursuant to this section shall specify the services to be provided under the agreement, the entity that will coordinate and oversee provision of the services, and the responsibilities of each entity entering into the agreement.
(d) Each participating local educational agency shall use the full amount of funds apportioned to it pursuant to Section 42238.035 to provide services to reengaged opportunity youth. In addition, the participating local educational agency may use federal moneys, moneys received from any other allocation of state funds, and moneys received from any other public or private grant that are available for purposes of this chapter to provide services under this chapter.

42962.
 A local educational agency that receives funding under this chapter shall summarize outcome data for its reengaged opportunity youth and publish it in its annual local control and accountability plan in accordance with Sections 52062 and 52065. The outcome data published under this section shall include all of the following:
(a) The number of pupils who are reengaged opportunity youth.
(b) The number of reengaged opportunity youth who are homeless.
(c) The number of reengaged opportunity youth who are foster youth.
(d) The number of reengaged opportunity youth who are currently or formerly incarcerated, on probation, or under court-mandated supervision.
(e) The number of pupils who are reengaged opportunity youth and who earned, or are making progress toward earning, a high school diploma from a school accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges.
(f) The number of pupils who are reengaged opportunity youth who are enrolled in a career technical education pathway.
(g) The number of pupils enrolled in any of the following:
(1) A Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act program.
(2) A federally affiliated YouthBuild program.
(3) Federal Job Corps training or instruction.
(4) Federal Performance Partnership Pilots for Disconnected Youth.
(5) A California Conservation Corps or local conservation corps program.
(6) Local YouthSource centers.
(h) The number of reengaged opportunity youth who have found employment.
(i) The number of reengaged opportunity youth seeking postsecondary education, including the number who have attained that goal, if that number is known.
(j) Documentation of meaningful and sustained collaboration between the local educational agency and community stakeholders, including local governmental entities, civic engagement organizations, businesses, social service providers, cultural organizations, postsecondary educational institutions, health care providers, or any other service providers identified in Section 42961.
(k) The number of pupils receiving services provided under any of the following:
(1) A youth reengagement agreement to provide counseling services.
(2) A substance abuse treatment program.
(3) Family preservation services.
(4) Other services appropriate for foster youth.
(5) Use of services to ameliorate homelessness.
(6) Leadership and civic engagement programming.
(l) Analysis of the local educational agency’s enrollment and retention rates for reengaged opportunity youth.

SECTION 1.Section 51221.5 of the Education Code is amended to read:
51221.5.

For purposes of this code, the phrase “vocational-technical education” has the same meaning as “career technical education” as described in subdivision (i) of Section 51220.