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SCR-72 Valley Fever Awareness Month.(2017-2018)

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SCR72:v97#DOCUMENT

Senate Concurrent Resolution No. 72
CHAPTER 154

Relative to Valley Fever Awareness Month.

[ Filed with Secretary of State  September 14, 2017. ]

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SCR 72, Fuller. Valley Fever Awareness Month.
This measure would declare August 2017 as Valley Fever Awareness Month.
Fiscal Committee: NO  

WHEREAS, Valley Fever (coccidioidomycosis), a progressive, multisymptom, respiratory disorder, is a debilitating disease; and
WHEREAS, Valley Fever is caused by the inhalation of tiny airborne fungi that live in the soil but are released into the air by soil disturbance or wind; and
WHEREAS, Valley Fever attacks the respiratory system, causing infections that can lead to symptoms that resemble a cold, influenza, or pneumonia; and
WHEREAS, If left untreated or mistreated, infection can spread from the lungs into the bloodstream, causing inflammation to the skin, permanent damage to lung and bone tissue, and swelling of the membrane surrounding the brain, leading to meningitis, which can be devastating and even fatal; and
WHEREAS, Once serious symptoms of Valley Fever appear, including pneumonia and labored breathing, prompt treatment with often toxic antifungal drugs must be given, which is especially disagreeable for patients who require the drugs to be injected beneath the base of their skulls for meningitis and which can cause side effects such as nausea, fever, and kidney damage; and
WHEREAS, Within California alone, Valley Fever is found in portions of the Sacramento Valley, all of the San Joaquin Valley, desert regions, and portions of southern California; and
WHEREAS, California does not have an official statewide method of tracking the rate of Valley Fever infections; and
WHEREAS, According to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Valley Fever infection rates rose twelvefold nationwide from 1995 to 2009, and researchers estimate that the fungus infects more than 150,000 people each year who either suffer serious ailments without knowing the cause of their illness or escape detection of the disease; and
WHEREAS, According to the CDC, between 1999 and 2011, the rate of infection of Valley Fever in California rose more than 600 percent, from 939 cases in 1999 to 5,697 cases in 2011, before declining to 2,243 cases in 2014, but increasing again to 3,053 cases in 2015; and
WHEREAS, In Kern County, the rate of infection of Valley Fever more than tripled from 2009, for a total of 2,051 cases in 2010 and 2,734 cases in 2011, before declining to 1210 cases in 2014 and spiking again to nearly 2,500 cases in 2016; and
WHEREAS, Although the rate of Valley Fever infection in California had declined since 2011, it continues to infect Californians at more than twice the rate of infection in 1999 and shows signs of increasing infection rates again; and
WHEREAS, Misdiagnosis of Valley Fever is so pervasive that experts say some people suffer and even die from Valley Fever without knowing they ever had the disease; and
WHEREAS, The Governor declared a Drought State of Emergency on January 17, 2014, and California is experiencing record dry conditions; and
WHEREAS, Dry conditions and lack of precipitation present urgent problems regarding Valley Fever; and
WHEREAS, Valley Fever is usually found in soil two to eight inches from the surface, and the extreme dry conditions caused by drought increase the chances of coccidioidomycosis airborne fungi exposure; and
WHEREAS, Central Valley prison inmates have been infected by Valley Fever at epidemic rates, contributing significantly to the state’s prison health care costs; and
WHEREAS, The rapid spread of Valley Fever at state prisons in the Central Valley has resulted in multiple prison inmate deaths and prompted calls to close certain affected prisons, further exacerbating efforts to comply with federal orders to reduce prison overcrowding; and
WHEREAS, Valley Fever kills between 100 to 200 more Americans every year than tuberculosis; and
WHEREAS, Valley Fever most seriously affects the young, the elderly, those with lowered immune systems, and those of African American and Filipino descent; and
WHEREAS, Valley Fever is a disease that has been studied for the past 100 years but still remains impossible to control and difficult to treat; and
WHEREAS, There is no known cure for Valley Fever, but researchers are closer than ever to finding a much-needed vaccine against this devastating disease; and
WHEREAS, The research effort to find a vaccine for Valley Fever and a funding partnership including the State of California were approved by the Legislature and signed by Governor Wilson in 1997; now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Senate of the State of California, the Assembly thereof concurring, That the Legislature does hereby proclaim August 2017 as Valley Fever Awareness Month; and be it further
Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate transmit copies of this resolution to the author for appropriate distribution.