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SB-452 The California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 08/06/2018 02:00 PM
SB452:v95#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  August 06, 2018
Amended  IN  Assembly  July 02, 2018
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 24, 2018
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 09, 2018

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 452


Introduced by Senator Glazer
(Principal coauthors: Assembly Members Gloria and Kalra)
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Baker and Cunningham)

February 15, 2017


An act to amend Sections 14536, 14549.2, 14571.6, 14571.8, 14571.9, 14581, and 14585 of, and to add and repeal Sections 14549.2, 14572.3, 14572.3 and 14575.2 of, the Public Resources Code, relating to beverage containers, making an appropriation therefor, and declaring the urgency thereof, to take effect immediately.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 452, as amended, Glazer. The California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act.
(1) Existing law, the California Beverage Container Recycling and Litter Reduction Act, requires the Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery to annually designate convenience zones and requires that at least one certified recycling center that meets certain requirements be located within every convenience zone. Existing law authorizes the department to grant a convenience zone an exemption from certain redemption requirements, including certain dealer and recycling center redemption requirements, based on certain factors. Existing law limits the total number of exemptions that may be granted to 35% of the total number of convenience zones identified as having one or more of those factors applicable.
This bill, if there is a certified recycling center located within one mile of an unserved convenience zone, would require the department to grant that convenience zone an exemption from the redemption requirements and would increase the total number of exemptions that may be granted otherwise to 50% of the number identified as eligible. The bill would require the department to review exemptions every 5 years to determine if each exemption still meets the prescribed exemption criteria.
(2) The act requires dealers within a convenience zone where no recycling location has been established, or within a convenience zone that is unserved for 60 days and not exempt from convenience zone requirements, to submit an affidavit to the department stating that the dealer has met specified standards for redemption, including, among others, that the dealer is redeeming all empty beverage container types at all open cash registers or at one designated location on the dealer’s premises, during all hours that the dealer is open for business. If the dealer does not submit that affidavit, existing law requires the dealer to pay $100 per day to the department, for deposit in the California Beverage Container Recycling Fund, a continuously appropriated fund described in (3), until a recycling location is established or until the dealer meets the standards for redemption specified in the affidavit provision.
This bill would revise these convenience zone redemption duties and apply them only to dealers with gross annual sales of $2,000,000 or more. The bill, until January 1, 2021, would exempt certain dealers from these requirements.
(3) The act establishes the California Beverage Container Recycling Fund and, except for administrative costs, continuously appropriates moneys in the fund to the department for specified purposes, including the amount necessary to pay handling fees to certain types of recyclers to provide an incentive for the redemption of empty beverage containers in convenience zones. The act also continuously appropriates moneys in the fund to the department for expenditure for various purposes relating to beverage container recycling that included, until January 1, 2018, up to $10,000,000 annually for market development payments for empty plastic beverage containers. The act also continuously appropriates from the fund $15,000,000 annually for payments for curbside programs and neighborhood dropoff programs and $10,500,000 annually for payments to cities and counties for beverage container recycling and litter cleanup activities.
This bill would require the department to offer a handling fee payment from the fund to certain certified recyclers within unserved convenience zones. The bill would make an appropriation by changing the terms and conditions under which the department is authorized to make payments from a continuously appropriated fund. The bill, until July 1, 2021, would require the handling fee to be set at the rate in effect on July 1, 2015. The bill would authorize the department, until July 1, 2021, to annually expend $3,000,000 from the fund for specified supplemental handling fee payments to low-volume recycling centers. By authorizing the expenditure of a continuously appropriated fund for new purposes, this bill would make an appropriation. The bill would require the department to develop and submit to the Legislature recommended revisions to the handling fee provisions, as specified. The bill would require the department to withhold payments for curbside programs and neighborhood dropoff programs and for beverage container recycling and litter cleanup activities in any city, county, or city and county that has restricted or prohibited the siting of a certified recycling center or a supermarket site, respectively, as provided. as provided, and would authorize the department to withhold those payments in any city, county, or city and county that has restricted or prohibited the siting of a certified recycling center, as provided.

The bill would require the department to pay a market development payment to a reclaimer, as defined, for empty plastic beverage containers that have been collected for recycling in the state, and that the reclaimer washes and processes into flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form that is then usable as input for the manufacture of new plastic products, as defined, by product manufacturers in the state. The bill would require the department to pay a market development payment to a product manufacturer, as defined, for plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form of plastic purchased from a reclaimer and used by that product manufacturer to manufacture a plastic product in the state. The bill would authorize the department to set the amount of a market development payment, up to $150 per ton. The bill would make these provisions inoperative on January 1, 2024.

The bill would authorize the department, for the 2018–19 fiscal year, to expend up to $15 million from the fund for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers, and would authorize up to $5 million of that amount to be expended for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers for program participation, as provided, that occurred during the period from January 1, 2018, to June 30, 2018, inclusive. The bill would authorize the department, for the 2019–20 fiscal year to the 2023–24 fiscal year, inclusive, to expend up to $10 million each fiscal year from the fund for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers. Because the bill would authorize an additional purpose for which money in the fund may be spent, the bill would make an appropriation.

(4) The act requires the department to pay a market development payment to a reclaimer, as defined, for empty plastic beverage containers that have been collected for recycling in the state, and that the reclaimer washes and processes into flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form that is then usable as input for the manufacture of new plastic products, as defined, by product manufacturers in the state. The act also requires the department to pay a market development payment to a product manufacturer, as defined, for plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form of plastic purchased from a reclaimer and used by that product manufacturer to manufacture a plastic product in the state. The act makes these provisions inoperative on July 1, 2022.
This bill would delay the inoperative date of these provisions from July 1, 2022, to July 1, 2024.
The act authorizes the department, for the 2019–20 fiscal year to the 2021–22 fiscal year, inclusive, to expend up to $10,000,000 each fiscal year from the fund for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers.
This bill would additionally authorize the department to expend up to $10,000,000 from the fund for those purposes for each of the 2022–23 and 2023–24 fiscal years, thereby making an appropriation.

(4)

(5) Under the act, the department is required to calculate a processing fee for each beverage container with a specified scrap value, which is required to be paid by beverage manufacturers for each beverage container sold or transferred to a distributor or dealer. The department is required to calculate the processing fee in a specified manner, so that the actual processing fee generally equals 65% of the processing payment that the department is required to pay to processors if the scrap value of the container having a refund value pursuant to the act is less than the cost of recycling. The department is required to determine the statewide weighted average cost to recycle each beverage container type by conducting a survey, as specified. The department is required to establish a processing fee account in the continuously appropriated California Beverage Container Recycling Fund for each material type and to deposit processing fees and other amounts in the applicable account.
This bill would, for purposes of calculating processing payments, require the department, until January 1, 2021, to use the actual cost of recycling that was in effect on December 30, 2015, adjusted as specified. The bill would make an appropriation by changing the terms and conditions under which the department is authorized to make payments from a continuously appropriated fund. The bill would provide that the processing fees established by the department between the effective date of the bill and December 31, 2018, inclusive, shall not be higher than they would be absent these new provisions. The bill would require the department to suspend usage of surveys and calculations of recycling costs until at least January 1, 2020, and would authorize the department to redirect any contract funds for cost surveys and calculations to provide for a specified assessment and to utilize any contract funds available for the development of amendments to be recommended to the Legislature regarding specified provisions of the act.
(6) The act, until January 1, 2020, authorizes up to 5 limited-term recycling pilot projects, subject to department approval, that are designed to improve redemption opportunities in unserved convenience zones. The act subjects each pilot project to certain requirements, including, among others, that the pilot project not establish a redemption location outside of a convenience zone. The act makes a pilot project recycler eligible to apply for handling fees if located within a convenience zone. A violation of the act is a crime.
This bill would repeal the prohibition on a pilot project recycler establishing a redemption location outside of a convenience zone and would make related changes, including making a pilot project recycler eligible to apply for handling fees if located anywhere within a pilot project area. By authorizing the payment of handling fees from the fund for a new purpose, the bill would make an appropriation. The bill would also appropriate 50% of certain moneys paid into the fund by dealers in an approved pilot project area during the 24 months preceding the pilot project approval date to the department to disburse to the applicant jurisdiction, as specified. The bill would prohibit an applicant jurisdiction from using those appropriated moneys for any purpose other than assisting with the opening and continued operation of pilot project recyclers. Because a violation of this prohibition would be a crime, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
(7) The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.

(5)

(8) This bill would declare that it is to take effect immediately as an urgency statute.
Vote: 2/3   Appropriation: YES   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NOYES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 14536 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14536.
 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the director shall adopt, amend, or repeal all rules and regulations in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
(b) (1) The director shall adopt regulations, and may adopt emergency regulations, for the purposes of implementing Sections 14538, 14539, 14541, 14549.1, 14549.2, 14550, 14561, 14571.6, 14571.65, 14574, 14575, 14585, 14588.1, 14588.2, and 14591.
(2) Any emergency regulations, if adopted, shall be adopted in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and for the purposes of that chapter, including Section 11349.6 of the Government Code, the adoption of these regulations is an emergency and shall be considered by the Office of Administrative Law as necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, and general welfare. Notwithstanding Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, including subdivision (e) of Section 11346.1 of the Government Code, any emergency regulations adopted pursuant to this section shall be filed with, but not be repealed by, the Office of Administrative Law and shall remain in effect until revised by the director.

SEC. 2.Section 14549.2 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:
14549.2.

(a)For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)“Certified entity” means a recycling center, processor, or dropoff or collection program certified pursuant to this division.

(2)“Plastic product” means a finished plastic product that requires no further thermoforming, shaping, or processing before being sold for its specified use. “Plastic product” does not include plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form that is an output from a reclaimer’s processing of empty plastic beverage containers.

(3)“Product manufacturer” means a person who manufactures a plastic product in this state.

(4)“Reclaimer” means a certified entity that purchases empty plastic beverage containers that have been collected for recycling in the state, and that washes and processes, in the state, those empty plastic beverage containers into flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form that is then usable as input for the manufacture of new plastic products by product manufacturers in the state.

(b)In order to develop California markets for empty plastic beverage containers collected for recycling in the state, the department may, consistent with Section 14581 and subject to the availability of funds, pay a market development payment to a reclaimer or product manufacturer for empty plastic beverage containers collected and managed pursuant to this section and to a product manufacturer for plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form of plastic purchased from a reclaimer pursuant to this section.

(c)The department shall make a market development payment to a reclaimer or product manufacturer in accordance with this section, only if the plastic beverage container is collected, washed, and processed into flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form, and is used in manufacturing, in the state, as follows:

(1)The department shall make a market development payment to a reclaimer for empty plastic beverage containers that are collected, washed, and processed as specified in paragraph (4) of subdivision (a).

(2)The department shall make a market development payment to a product manufacturer for plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form of plastic purchased from a reclaimer and used by that product manufacturer to manufacture a plastic product in the state.

(3)The department shall determine the amount of the market development payment, which may be set at a different level for a reclaimer and a product manufacturer, but shall not exceed one hundred fifty dollars ($150) per ton. In setting the amount of the market development payment for both reclaimers and product manufacturers, the department shall consider all of the following:

(A)The minimum funding level needed to encourage the in-state washing and processing of empty plastic beverage containers collected for recycling in this state.

(B)The minimum funding level needed to encourage the in-state manufacturing that utilizes flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form processed from empty plastic beverage containers collected for recycling in this state.

(C)The total amount of funds projected to be available for plastic market development payments and the desire to maintain the minimum funding level needed throughout the year.

(4)The department may make a market development payment to both a reclaimer and a product manufacturer for both the empty plastic beverage container and for the flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form processed by the reclaimer from that same empty plastic beverage container.

(d)This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2024, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2024, deletes or extends that date.

SEC. 2.

 Section 14549.2 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14549.2.
 (a) For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:
(1) “Certified entity” means a recycling center, processor, or dropoff or collection program certified pursuant to this division.
(2) “Plastic product” means a finished plastic product that requires no further thermoforming, shaping, or processing before being sold for its specified use. “Plastic product” does not include plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form that is an output from a reclaimer’s processing of empty plastic beverage containers.
(3) “Product manufacturer” means a person who manufactures a plastic product in this state.
(4) “Reclaimer” means a certified entity that purchases empty plastic beverage containers that have been collected for recycling in the state, and that washes and processes, in the state, those empty plastic beverage containers into flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form that is then usable as input for the manufacture of new plastic products by product manufacturers in the state.
(b) In order to develop California markets for empty plastic beverage containers collected for recycling in the state, the department may, consistent with Section 14581 and subject to the availability of funds, pay a market development payment to a reclaimer for empty plastic beverage containers collected and managed pursuant to this section and to a product manufacturer for plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form of plastic purchased from a reclaimer pursuant to this section.
(c) The department shall make a market development payment to a reclaimer or product manufacturer in accordance with this section only if the plastic beverage container is collected, washed, and processed into flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form, and is used in manufacturing, in the state, as follows:
(1) The department shall make a market development payment to a reclaimer for empty plastic beverage containers that are collected, washed, and processed as specified in paragraph (4) of subdivision (a).
(2) The department shall make a market development payment to a product manufacturer for plastic flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form of plastic purchased from a reclaimer and used by that product manufacturer to manufacture a plastic product in the state.
(3) The department shall determine the amount of the market development payment, which may be set at a different level for a reclaimer and a product manufacturer, but shall not exceed one hundred fifty dollars ($150) per ton. In setting the amount of the market development payment for both reclaimers and product manufacturers, the department shall consider all of the following:
(A) The minimum funding level needed to encourage in-state washing and processing of empty plastic beverage containers collected for recycling in this state.
(B) The minimum funding level needed to encourage in-state manufacturing that utilizes flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form processed from empty plastic beverage containers collected for recycling in this state.
(C) The total amount of funds projected to be available for plastic market development payments, and the desire to maintain the minimum funding level needed throughout the year.
(4) The department may make a market development payment to both a reclaimer and a product manufacturer for both the empty plastic beverage container and for the flake, pellet, sheet, or any other form processed by the reclaimer from that same empty plastic beverage container.
(d) This section shall become inoperative on July 1, 2022, 2024, and, as of January 1, 2023, 2025, is repealed.

SEC. 3.

 Section 14571.6 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14571.6.
 (a) Except as provided in Section 14572.3, in any convenience zone where no recycling location has been established that satisfies the requirements of Section 14571, and in any convenience zone that has exceeded the 60-day period for the establishment of a recycling center pursuant to Section 14571.7, all dealers within that zone shall, until a recycling location has been established in that zone, do one of the following:
(1) Submit to the department an affidavit form provided by the department stating that all of the following standards are being met by the dealer:
(A) The dealer redeems all empty beverage container types at a minimum of one designated location on the dealer’s premises, during all hours that the dealer is open for business. The dealer is not required to redeem more than 50 beverage containers of any one type per consumer per day.
(B) The dealer has posted signs that meet the size and location requirements specified in subdivision (b) of Section 14570, and that conform to paragraph (2) of that subdivision.
(C) The dealer is delivering, or having delivered, all empty beverage containers received from the public to a certified recycling center or processor for recycling.
(2) Pay to the department for deposit in the fund the sum of one hundred dollars ($100) per day until a recycling location is established or until the standards for redemption specified in paragraph (1) are met.
(b) This section shall apply only to a dealer with gross annual sales of two million dollars ($2,000,000) or more.

SEC. 4.

 Section 14571.8 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14571.8.
 (a) A lease entered into by a dealer after January 1, 1987, shall not contain a leasehold restriction that prohibits or results in the prohibition of the establishment of a recycling location.
(b) Except as provided in subdivision (h), the director may grant an exemption from the requirements of Section 14571 for an individual convenience zone only after the department solicits public testimony on whether or not to provide an exemption from Section 14571. The solicitation process shall be designed by the department to ensure that operators of recycling centers, dealers, and members of the public in the jurisdiction affected by the proposed exemption are aware of the proposed exemption. After evaluation of the testimony and any field review conducted, the department shall base a decision to exempt a convenience zone pursuant to this subdivision on any combination of the following factors:
(1) The exemption will not significantly decrease the ability of consumers to conveniently return beverage containers for the refund value to a certified recycling center redeeming all material types.
(2) The nearest certified recycling center is within a reasonable distance of the convenience zone being considered from exemption.
(3) The convenience zone is in the area of a curbside program that meets the criteria specified in Section 14509.5.
(4) The requirements of Section 14571 cannot be met in a particular convenience zone due to local zoning or the dealer’s leasehold restrictions for leases in effect on January 1, 1987, and the local zoning or leasehold restrictions are not within the authority of the department and the dealer. However, any lease executed after January 1, 1987, shall meet the requirements specified in subdivision (a).
(5) The convenience zone has redeemed less than 60,000 containers per month for the prior 12 months.
(c) The department shall review each convenience zone in which a certified recycling center was not located on January 1, 1996, to determine the eligibility of the convenience zone under the exemption criteria specified in subdivision (b).
(d) The total number of exemptions granted under this section shall not exceed 50 percent of the total number of convenience zones identified as eligible pursuant to subdivisions (b) and (h).
(e) The department may, on its own motion, or upon petition by any interested person, revoke a convenience zone exemption, including an exemption granted under subdivision (h), if either of the following occurs:
(1) The condition or conditions that caused the convenience zone to be exempt no longer exists, and the department determines that the criteria for an exemption specified in this section are not presently applicable to the convenience zone.
(2) The department determines that the convenience zone exemption was granted due to an administrative error.
(f) If an exemption is revoked and a recycling center is not certified and operational in the convenience zone, the department shall, within 10 days of the date of the decision to revoke, serve all dealers in the convenience zone with the notice specified in subdivision (a) of Section 14571.7.
(g) An exemption shall not be revoked when a recycling center becomes certified and operational within an exempt convenience zone unless either of the events specified in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (e) occurs.
(h) If there is a certified recycling center located within one mile of an unserved convenience zone, the department shall grant an exemption from the requirements of Section 14571 for that convenience zone.
(i) The department shall review exemptions granted pursuant to this section every five years to determine if each exemption still meets the exemption criteria of this section.

SEC. 5.

 Section 14571.9 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14571.9.
 (a) (1) Until January 1, 2020, the department may approve up to five recycling pilot projects that meet the requirements of this section.

(1)

(2) The pilot projects, which shall be submitted by applicant jurisdictions, shall be designed to improve redemption opportunities in unserved convenience zones. zones or unserved areas outside of convenience zones. It is the intent of the Legislature to create new, convenient recycling opportunities to improve consumer redemption of eligible beverage containers and increase recycling rates in jurisdictions served by pilot projects.

(2)

(3) Unless otherwise specified in or authorized by the department pursuant to this section, an operator of a pilot project shall be subject to all requirements imposed on recycling centers as specified in this division and any implementing regulations.

(3)

(4) If a pilot project ends before January 1, 2020, the department may consider additional pilot project proposals, but not more than five pilot projects may operate at the same time.
(b) (1) Notwithstanding Sections 14570, 14571, and 14571.6, a convenience zone that falls within the area of a pilot project approved by the department under this section shall be deemed served while the pilot project is operational.

(1)

(2) (A) Every A dealer within the jurisdiction of a pilot project shall post a clear and conspicuous sign of at least 10 inches by 15 inches at each public entrance to the dealer’s place of business that specifies the name of the pilot project location nearest to the dealer, as provided by the department, the days and hours of operation of the pilot project location, and the toll-free telephone number established by the department pursuant to subparagraph (B). This information shall be kept accurate and up to date.
(B) The department shall establish a toll-free number for the purpose of disseminating information regarding beverage container recycling opportunities.

(2)

(3) If a pilot project ceases operation or the pilot project’s certification has been revoked by the department, a dealer in the convenience zone served by the pilot project shall comply with Sections 14570, 14571, and 14571.6. The department shall inform all dealers within a convenience zone of any change in status of a pilot project serving that convenience zone within 10 days.
(c) No later than 90 days after the effective date of this section, the department shall hold at least one public workshop with interested stakeholders to solicit feedback on the pilot project program described in this section, including feedback on the factors that may be considered in the approval of a pilot project.
(d) The requirements for a pilot project shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(1) A pilot project shall serve one of the following:
(A) At least three unserved convenience zones.
(B) One or more convenience zones impacting a total of at least 30 dealers in unserved convenience zones.
(C) A rural region.
(2) A pilot project shall be in a jurisdiction that, as of the effective date of this section, meets at least one of the following conditions:
(A) Had at least six unserved convenience zones.
(B) Had 75 percent of the convenience zones in the jurisdiction unserved.
(C) Is located in a rural region.

(3)A pilot project shall not establish a location for redeeming a beverage container for its refund value that is outside of a convenience zone.

(4)

(3) A convenience zone in the pilot project shall be served by only one pilot project recycler.

(5)

(4) A pilot project shall be served only by a pilot project recycler that meets all of the following requirements:
(A) The pilot project recycler shall be cumulatively open for a minimum of 30 hours per week.
(B) The pilot project recycler shall be open a minimum of one day per week for at least eight hours.
(C) The pilot project recycler shall be open at least five hours per week during periods other than from Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
(D) The pilot project recycler shall accept and pay the refund value for all eligible beverage container types.
(E) The operator of the pilot project recycler shall notify the department in writing 10 days before any change of the location where redeemed empty beverage containers are stored.
(F) The pilot project recycler shall only redeem eligible empty beverage container material purchased from consumers for recycling, and shall not accept material from any other certified or noncertified person or entity, including, but not limited to, recycling centers, dropoff or collection programs, curbside programs, and processors.
(G) A pilot project operator shall keep separate transaction records for each location within the pilot project, and in the case of mobile collection programs, separate transaction records for each location served by the mobile unit.

(6)No

(5) A processor shall not issue an authorization to cancel pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 2110 of Title 14 of the California Code of Regulations to a pilot project recycler.

(7)

(6) Additional requirements as deemed necessary by the department.
(e) A pilot project established pursuant to this section may provide stationary dropoff locations or mobile collection programs.
(f) A jurisdiction that opts to be served by a pilot project shall submit its pilot project proposal to the department for approval. The proposal shall include all of the following elements:
(1) A map of the pilot project area, including intended locations for pilot project recyclers.
(2) A list of proposed operators of pilot project recyclers.
(3) Contact information for the jurisdiction.
(4) Planned dates of operation.
(5) A description of how the pilot project will meet the requirements of this section.
(6) Additional elements as determined by the department.
(g) The department may issue probationary certificates of operation to pilot project recyclers participating in an approved pilot project. A certificate issued under this section shall be valid, and shall specify that the certificate is valid, for a period of not more than three years or until the end of the pilot project, whichever comes first. Notwithstanding certification requirements imposed by this division or implementing regulations, the following application review timelines shall apply to pilot projects:
(1) The department shall notify each applicant and the appropriate pilot project contact within 30 calendar days of receipt of the proposal, or receipt of additional information if the proposal was initially deemed incomplete, that the proposal for certification is either complete and accepted for further review or incomplete and the reasons for incompleteness.
(2) Upon determining that a proposal is complete, the department shall notify the applicant and appropriate pilot project contact in writing within 30 calendar days that the application is either approved with probationary status or denied and the reasons for denial.
(h) In approving pilot projects, the department shall consider all of the following factors:
(1) The number of unserved convenience zones that will be served by the pilot project.
(2) The total number of hours per week the pilot project recycler will operate.
(3) The total number of locations that will be served under the pilot project.
(4) Whether the jurisdiction has actively prevented the siting or operation of a certified recycling center at a supermarket site.
(5) The geographic distribution of jurisdictions proposing a pilot project.
(6) Potential impacts to existing certified recycling centers.
(7) Additional factors deemed relevant by the department.
(i) (1) The department may revoke the approval of a pilot project or the associated probationary certification of a pilot project recycler participating in the pilot project, or both, at any time if the jurisdiction or operator of the pilot project recycler fails to meet the conditions outlined in the department’s approval of the application or violates this division or a regulation adopted pursuant to this division, except as to violations of the division or regulations that are inconsistent with the operation of an approved pilot project. If the department revokes a probationary certification of a pilot project recycler, the department may require the jurisdiction or operator of the pilot project to take the steps necessary to ensure that the pilot project achieves its goals consistent with the approved pilot project application.
(2) If the approval of a pilot project is revoked, the review process described in Section 14571.7 shall apply to each convenience zone that was a part of the pilot project.
(j) A pilot project recycler that has been certified by the department on a probationary basis pursuant to an approved pilot project shall be eligible to apply for handling fees pursuant to Section 14585 and to receive from certified processors the amounts specified in subdivision (a) of Section 14573.5 for refund values, administrative costs, and processing payments. For purposes of handling fee eligibility, a pilot project recycler may be located anywhere within a convenience zone. the approved map of the pilot project area submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (f).
(k) (1) An amount equal to 50 percent of the payments made by dealers pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 14571.6 in an approved pilot project area during the 24 months preceding the pilot project approval date is hereby appropriated from the fund to the department to disburse, no later than 30 days after the approval of a pilot project, to the applicant jurisdiction. These moneys shall be disbursed in addition to any refund values, administrative costs, or processing payments received in accordance with subdivision (a) of Section 14573.5.
(2) An applicant jurisdiction shall not use the moneys it receives pursuant to paragraph (1) for any purpose other than assisting with the opening and continued operation of pilot project recyclers.
(3) The department shall create and maintain individual accounts within the fund for each approved pilot project and shall include the balances of those accounts in the reports provided to the Legislature pursuant to Section 14556.
(4) When this section is repealed, or if a pilot project ends before January 1, 2022, any remaining moneys in accounts created pursuant to paragraph (3) shall revert to the fund.

(k)

(l) The department may adopt emergency regulations for the purpose of implementing this section. Any emergency Emergency regulations, if adopted, shall be adopted in accordance with Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 11340) of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code, and for the purposes of that chapter, including Section 11349.6 of the Government Code, the adoption of these regulations is an emergency and shall be considered by the Office of Administrative Law as necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health and safety, and general welfare. Any emergency Emergency regulations adopted pursuant to this section shall be filed with, but not be repealed by, the Office of Administrative Law and shall remain in effect until amended or repealed by the department or January 1, 2022, whichever comes first.

(l)

(m) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2022, and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute that is enacted before January 1, 2022, deletes or extends that date.

SEC. 5.SEC. 6.

 Section 14572.3 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:

14572.3.
 (a) A dealer described in subdivision (c) and who is located in a convenience zone described in subdivision (b) shall be exempt from the dealer requirements of Section 14571.6 from the effective date of this section until December 31, 2020, inclusive.
(b) Subdivision (a) shall apply only to a dealer that is located in a convenience zone that meets one of the following:
(1) The convenience zone was served by, or exempted because of, a recycling center that closed between January 1, 2016, and May 31, 2016, inclusive, at the initiation of the recycler and not at the initiation of the dealer.
(2) The convenience zone was served by a recycling center that closed as a result of an action taken by the department on or after January 1, 2018.
(c) Subdivision (a) shall apply only to a dealer that meets one of the following conditions:
(1) The dealer demonstrates to the department that it has acted in full compliance with the requirements of Section 14571.6.
(2) The department approves the dealer for an exemption described in subdivision (a). The department may approve a dealer that was not in compliance with Section 14571.6 for an exemption only if the dealer pays the department any moneys owed by the dealer under Section 14571.6.
(d) The Legislature finds and declares that the purpose of this section is to temporarily suspend the obligations of dealers described in subdivision (c) to comply with the requirements of Section 14571.6 in order to focus attention and resources on the reestablishment of recycling centers in currently unserved convenience zones. Nothing in this section is intended to reduce the obligation of dealers and the department to site and maintain recycling centers.
(e) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2021, and as of that date is repealed.

SEC. 6.SEC. 7.

 Section 14575.2 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:

14575.2.
 (a) (1) Notwithstanding Section 14575, for purposes of calculating processing payments, the department shall use the actual costs of recycling that were in effect on December 30, 2015.
(2) Consistent with Section 14575, the department shall adjust the recycling costs described in paragraph (1) to reflect changes in the cost of living from December 30, 2015, as measured by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor or a successor agency of the United States government as of the effective date of this section and at least once annually thereafter.
(3) Notwithstanding Section 2975 of Title 14 of the California Code of Regulations, for the period from the effective date of this section to December 31, 2020, inclusive, the reasonable financial return for recycling centers shall be calculated as follows:
(A) The reasonable financial return shall be equal to 11.5 percent of the actual costs of recycling that were in effect on December 30, 2015, except as specified in subparagraph (B).
(B) The reasonable financial return for recycling centers located in rural regions, as defined by subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 14571, shall be equal to 16.6 percent of the actual costs of recycling that were in effect on December 30, 2015.
(b) Notwithstanding subdivisions (d) and (e) of Section 14575, for processing fees established by the department between the effective date of this section and December 31, 2018, inclusive, the department shall not impose a processing fee on a beverage manufacturer that is higher than the processing fee that would be imposed without this section.
(c) (1) Notwithstanding subdivision (c) of Section 14575, the department shall suspend usage of surveys and calculations of recycling costs until at least January 1, 2020.
(2) The department may redirect any contract funds already approved for cost surveys and calculations as of the effective date of this section into an updated contract to utilize data collected for the 2015 processing payment to provide the department with an assessment of variations in the average cost of recycling based on, at a minimum, each of the following:
(A) Recycling location monthly average volume.
(B) Recycling location geographic area.
(C) Recycling location distance to end-use market.
(3) The department may utilize any contract funds available as of the effective date of this section for the analysis and development of recommendations to the Legislature of amendments to subdivisions (b) and (c) of Section 14575 to satisfy the legislative intent expressed in subdivision (f) of Section 14501 to create and maintain a marketplace where it is profitable to establish sufficient recycling centers and locations to provide consumers with convenient recycling opportunities through the establishment of minimum refund values and processing fees and, through the proper application of these elements, to enhance the profitability of recycling centers, recycling locations, and other beverage container recycling programs.
(d) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2021, and as of that date is repealed.

SEC. 7.Section 14581 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:
14581.

(a)Subject to the availability of funds and in accordance with subdivision (b), the department shall expend the moneys set aside in the fund, pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 14580, for the purposes of this section in the following manner:

(1)For each fiscal year, the department may expend the amount necessary to make the required handling fee payment pursuant to Section 14585.

(2)(A)Fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000) shall be expended annually for payments for curbside programs and neighborhood dropoff programs pursuant to Section 14549.6.

(B)The department shall withhold payments to curbside programs and neighborhood dropoff programs in any city, county, or city and county that has prohibited the siting of a certified recycling center, caused a certified recycling center to close its business, or adopted a land use policy that restricts or prohibits the siting of a certified recycling center within its jurisdiction.

(3)(A)Ten million five hundred thousand dollars ($10,500,000) may be expended annually for payments of five thousand dollars ($5,000) to cities and ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for payments to counties for beverage container recycling and litter cleanup activities, or the department may calculate the payments to counties and cities on a per capita basis, and may pay whichever amount is greater, for those activities.

(B)Eligible activities for the use of these funds may include, but are not necessarily limited to, support for new or existing curbside programs, neighborhood dropoff programs, public education promoting beverage container recycling, litter prevention, and cleanup, cooperative regional efforts among two or more cities or counties, or both, or other beverage container recycling programs.

(C)These funds shall not be used for activities unrelated to beverage container recycling or litter reduction.

(D)To receive these funds, a city, county, or city and county shall fill out and return a funding request form to the department. The form shall specify the beverage container recycling or litter reduction activities for which the funds will be used.

(E)The department shall annually prepare and distribute a funding request form to each city, county, or city and county. The form shall specify the amount of beverage container recycling and litter cleanup funds for which the jurisdiction is eligible. The form shall not exceed one double-sided page in length, and may be submitted electronically. If a city, county, or city and county does not return the funding request form within 90 days of receipt of the form from the department, the city, county, or city and county is not eligible to receive the funds for that funding cycle.

(F)For the purposes of this paragraph, per capita population shall be based on the population of the incorporated area of a city or city and county and the unincorporated area of a county. The department shall withhold payment to any city, county, or city and county that has prohibited the siting of a supermarket site, caused a supermarket site to close its business, or adopted a land use policy that restricts or prohibits the siting of a supermarket site within its jurisdiction.

(4)One million five hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000) may be expended annually in the form of grants for beverage container recycling and litter reduction programs.

(5)(A)The department shall expend the amount necessary to pay the processing payment established pursuant to Section 14575. The department shall establish separate processing fee accounts in the fund for each beverage container material type for which a processing payment and processing fee are calculated pursuant to Section 14575, or for which a processing payment is calculated pursuant to Section 14575 and a voluntary artificial scrap value is calculated pursuant to Section 14575.1, into which account shall be deposited both of the following:

(i)All amounts paid as processing fees for each beverage container material type pursuant to Section 14575.

(ii)Funds equal to the difference between the amount in clause (i) and the amount of the processing payments established in subdivision (b) of Section 14575, and adjusted pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of, and subdivision (f) of, Section 14575, to reduce the processing fee to the level provided in subdivision (e) of Section 14575, or to reflect the agreement by a willing purchaser to pay a voluntary artificial scrap value pursuant to Section 14575.1.

(B)Notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, the moneys in each processing fee account are hereby continuously appropriated to the department for expenditure without regard to fiscal years, for purposes of making processing payments pursuant to Section 14575.

(6)Up to five million dollars ($5,000,000) may be annually expended by the department for the purposes of undertaking a statewide public education and information campaign aimed at promoting increased recycling of beverage containers.

(7)Up to ten million dollars ($10,000,000) may be expended annually by the department for quality incentive payments for empty glass beverage containers pursuant to Section 14549.1.

(8)(A)(i)For the 2018–19 fiscal year, the department may expend up to fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000) for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers, pursuant to Section 14549.2.

(ii)Of the total amount authorized for expenditure by this subparagraph, up to five million dollars ($5,000,000) may be expended for market development payments to reclaimers or product manufacturers for the activities described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 14549.2 that occurred during the period from January 1, 2018, to June 30, 2018, inclusive.

(B)For the 2019–20 fiscal year to the 2023–24 fiscal year, inclusive, the department may expend up to ten million dollars ($10,000,000) each fiscal year for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers, pursuant to Section 14549.2.

(C)For purposes of this paragraph, the definitions in subdivision (a) of Section 14549.2 apply.

(b)(1)If the department determines, pursuant to a review made pursuant to Section 14556, that there may be inadequate funds to pay the payments required by this division, the department shall immediately notify the appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature regarding the inadequacy.

(2)On or before 180 days, but not less than 80 days, after the notice is sent pursuant to paragraph (1), the department may reduce or eliminate expenditures, or both, from the funds as necessary, according to the procedure set forth in subdivision (c).

(c)If the department determines that there are insufficient funds to make the payments specified pursuant to this section and Section 14575, the department shall reduce all payments proportionally.

(d)Before making an expenditure pursuant to paragraph (6) of subdivision (a), the department shall convene an advisory committee consisting of representatives of the beverage industry, beverage container manufacturers, environmental organizations, the recycling industry, nonprofit organizations, and retailers to advise the department on the most cost-effective and efficient method of the expenditure of the funds for that education and information campaign.

SEC. 8.

 Section 14581 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14581.
 (a) Subject to the availability of funds and in accordance with subdivision (b), the department shall expend the moneys set aside in the fund, pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 14580, for the purposes of this section in the following manner:
(1) For each fiscal year, the department may expend the amount necessary to make the required handling fee payment pursuant to Section 14585.
(2) (A) Fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000) shall be expended annually for payments for curbside programs and neighborhood dropoff programs pursuant to Section 14549.6.
(B) The department may withhold payments to curbside programs and neighborhood dropoff programs in any city, county, or city and county that has prohibited the siting of a certified recycling center, caused a certified recycling center to close its business, or adopted a land use policy that restricts or prohibits the siting of a certified recycling center within its jurisdiction.
(3) (A) Ten million five hundred thousand dollars ($10,500,000) may be expended annually for payments of five thousand dollars ($5,000) to cities and ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for payments to counties for beverage container recycling and litter cleanup activities, or the department may calculate the payments to counties and cities on a per capita basis, and may pay whichever amount is greater, for those activities.
(B) Eligible activities for the use of these funds may include, but are not necessarily limited to, support for new or existing curbside recycling programs, neighborhood dropoff recycling programs, public education promoting beverage container recycling, litter prevention, and cleanup, cooperative regional efforts among two or more cities or counties, or both, or other beverage container recycling programs.
(C) These funds shall not be used for activities unrelated to beverage container recycling or litter reduction.
(D) To receive these funds, a city, county, or city and county shall fill out and return a funding request form to the department. The form shall specify the beverage container recycling or litter reduction activities for which the funds will be used.
(E) The department shall annually prepare and distribute a funding request form to each city, county, or city and county. The form shall specify the amount of beverage container recycling and litter cleanup funds for which the jurisdiction is eligible. The form shall not exceed one double-sided page in length, and may be submitted electronically. If a city, county, or city and county does not return the funding request form within 90 days of receipt of the form from the department, the city, county, or city and county is not eligible to receive the funds for that funding cycle.
(F) For the purposes of this paragraph, per capita population shall be based on the population of the incorporated area of a city or city and county and the unincorporated area of a county. The department may shall withhold payment to any city, county, or city and county that has prohibited the siting of a supermarket site, caused a supermarket site to close its business, or adopted a land use policy that restricts or prohibits the siting of a supermarket site within its jurisdiction.
(4) One million five hundred thousand dollars ($1,500,000) may be expended annually in the form of grants for beverage container recycling and litter reduction programs.
(5) (A) The department shall expend the amount necessary to pay the processing payment established pursuant to Section 14575. The department shall establish separate processing fee accounts in the fund for each beverage container material type for which a processing payment and processing fee are calculated pursuant to Section 14575, or for which a processing payment is calculated pursuant to Section 14575 and a voluntary artificial scrap value is calculated pursuant to Section 14575.1, into which account shall be deposited both of the following:
(i) All amounts paid as processing fees for each beverage container material type pursuant to Section 14575.
(ii) Funds equal to the difference between the amount in clause (i) and the amount of the processing payments established in subdivision (b) of Section 14575, and adjusted pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (c) of, and subdivision (f) of, Section 14575, to reduce the processing fee to the level provided in subdivision (e) of Section 14575, or to reflect the agreement by a willing purchaser to pay a voluntary artificial scrap value pursuant to Section 14575.1.
(B) Notwithstanding Section 13340 of the Government Code, the moneys in each processing fee account are hereby continuously appropriated to the department for expenditure without regard to fiscal years, for purposes of making processing payments pursuant to Section 14575.
(6) Up to five million dollars ($5,000,000) may be annually expended by the department for the purposes of undertaking a statewide public education and information campaign aimed at promoting increased recycling of beverage containers.
(7) Up to ten million dollars ($10,000,000) may be expended annually by the department for quality incentive payments for empty glass beverage containers pursuant to Section 14549.1.
(8) (A) (i) For the 2018–19 fiscal year, the department may expend up to fifteen million dollars ($15,000,000) for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers, pursuant to Section 14549.2.
(ii) Of the total amount authorized for expenditure by this subparagraph, up to five million dollars ($5,000,000) may be expended for market development payments to reclaimers or product manufacturers for the activities described in paragraphs (1) and (2) of subdivision (c) of Section 14549.2 that occurred during the period from January 1, 2018, to June 30, 2018, inclusive.
(B) For the 2019–20 fiscal year to the 2021–22 2023–24 fiscal year, inclusive, the department may expend up to ten million dollars ($10,000,000) each fiscal year for market development payments to reclaimers and product manufacturers, pursuant to Section 14549.2.
(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the definitions in subdivision (a) of Section 14549.2 apply.
(b) (1) If the department determines, pursuant to a review made pursuant to Section 14556, that there may be inadequate funds to pay the payments required by this division, the department shall immediately notify the appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature regarding the inadequacy.
(2) On or before 180 days, but not less than 80 days, after the notice is sent pursuant to paragraph (1), the department may reduce or eliminate expenditures, or both, from the funds as necessary, according to the procedure set forth in subdivision (c).
(c) If the department determines that there are insufficient funds to make the payments specified pursuant to this section and Section 14575, the department shall reduce all payments proportionally.
(d) Before making an expenditure pursuant to paragraph (6) of subdivision (a), the department shall convene an advisory committee consisting of representatives of the beverage industry, beverage container manufacturers, environmental organizations, the recycling industry, nonprofit organizations, and retailers to advise the department on the most cost-effective and efficient method of the expenditure of the funds for that education and information campaign.

SEC. 8.SEC. 9.

 Section 14585 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:

14585.
 (a) The department shall adopt guidelines and methods for paying handling fees to supermarket sites, nonprofit convenience zone recyclers, or rural region recyclers to provide an incentive for the redemption of empty beverage containers in convenience zones. The guidelines shall include, but not be limited to, all of the following:
(1) Handling fees shall be paid on a monthly basis, in the form and manner adopted by the department. The department shall require that claims for the handling fee be filed with the department not later than the first day of the second month following the month for which the handling fee is claimed as a condition of receiving any handling fee.
(2) The department shall determine the number of eligible containers per site for which a handling fee will be paid in the following manner:
(A) Each eligible site’s combined monthly volume of glass and plastic beverage containers shall be divided by the site’s total monthly volume of all empty beverage container types.
(B) If the quotient determined pursuant to subparagraph (A) is equal to, or more than, 10 percent, the total monthly volume of the site shall be the maximum volume which is eligible for a handling fee for that month.
(C) If the quotient determined pursuant to subparagraph (A) is less than 10 percent, the department shall divide the volume of glass and plastic beverage containers by 10 percent. That quotient shall be the maximum volume that is eligible for a handling fee for that month.
(3) The department shall pay a handling fee per eligible container in the amount determined pursuant to subdivision (f).
(4) If the eligible volume in any given month would result in handling fee payments that exceed the allocation of funds for that month, as provided in subdivision (b), sites with higher eligible monthly volumes shall receive handling fees for their entire eligible monthly volume before sites with lower eligible monthly volumes receive any handling fees.
(5) (A) If a dealer where a supermarket site, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler is located ceases operation for remodeling or for a change of ownership, the operator of that supermarket site, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler shall be eligible to apply for handling fees for that site for a period of three months following the date of the closure of the dealer.
(B) Every supermarket site operator, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler shall promptly notify the department of the closure of the dealer where the supermarket site, nonprofit convenience zone recycler, or rural region recycler is located.
(C) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), any operator who fails to provide notification to the department pursuant to subparagraph (B) shall not be eligible to apply for handling fees.
(b) The department may allocate the amount authorized for expenditure for the payment of handling fees pursuant to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 14581 on a monthly basis and may carry over any unexpended monthly allocation to a subsequent month or months. However, unexpended monthly allocations shall not be carried over to a subsequent fiscal year for the purpose of paying handling fees but may be carried over for any other purpose pursuant to Section 14581.
(c) (1) The department shall not make handling fee payments to more than one certified recycling center in a convenience zone. If a dealer is located in more than one convenience zone, the department shall offer a single handling fee payment to a supermarket site located at that dealer. This handling fee payment shall not be split between the affected zones. The department shall stop making handling fee payments if another recycling center certifies to operate within the convenience zone without receiving payments pursuant to this section, if the department monitors the performance of the other recycling center for 60 days and determines that the recycling center is in compliance with this division. Any recycling center that locates in a convenience zone, thereby causing a preexisting recycling center to become ineligible to receive handling fee payments, is ineligible to receive any handling fee payments in that convenience zone.
(2) The department shall offer a single handling fee payment to a rural region recycler located anywhere inside a convenience zone, if that convenience zone is not served by another certified recycling center and the rural region recycler does either of the following:
(A) Operates a minimum of 30 hours per week in one convenience zone.
(B) Serves two or more convenience zones, and meets all of the following criteria:
(i) Is the only certified recycler within each convenience zone.
(ii) Is open and operating at least eight hours per week in each convenience zone and is certified at each location.
(iii) Operates at least 30 hours per week in total for all convenience zones served.
(3) In a convenience zone that, as of the effective date of the measure that added this paragraph, has been continuously unserved by a certified recycling location for at least six months, the department shall offer a handling fee payment to a recycler located within the convenience zone that operates a minimum of 30 hours per week regardless of physical location within that convenience zone and that is certified and begins operating on or after the effective date of that measure.
(d) The department may require the operator of a supermarket site, or the operator of a rural region recycler, receiving handling fees to maintain records for each location where beverage containers are redeemed, and may require the supermarket site or rural region recycler to take any other action necessary for the department to determine that the supermarket site or rural region recycler does not receive an excessive handling fee.
(e) The department may determine and utilize a standard container per pound rate, for each material type, for the purpose of calculating volumes and making handling fee payments.
(f) (1) On or before January 1, 2008, and every two years thereafter, the department shall conduct a survey pursuant to this subdivision of a statistically significant sample of certified recycling centers that receive handling fee payments to determine the actual cost incurred for the redemption of empty beverage containers by those certified recycling centers. The department shall conduct these cost surveys in conjunction with the cost surveys performed by the department pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 14575 to determine processing payments and processing fees. The department shall include, in determining the actual costs, only those allowable costs contained in the regulations adopted pursuant to this division that are used by the department to conduct cost surveys pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 14575.
(2) Using the information obtained pursuant to paragraph (1), the department shall then determine the statewide weighted average cost incurred for the redemption of empty beverage containers, per empty beverage container, at recycling centers that receive handling fees.
(3) The department shall determine the amount of the handling fee to be paid for each empty beverage container by subtracting the amount of the statewide weighted average cost per container to redeem empty beverage containers by recycling centers that do not receive handling fees from the amount of the statewide weighted average cost per container determined pursuant to paragraph (2).
(4) The department shall adjust the statewide average cost determined pursuant to paragraph (2) for each beverage container annually to reflect changes in the cost of living, as measured by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor or a successor agency of the United States government.
(5) The cost information collected pursuant to this section at recycling centers that receive handling fees shall not be used in the calculation of the processing payments determined pursuant to Section 14575.
(6) Notwithstanding paragraphs (2) and (3), for the period from the effective date of the measure that added this paragraph to July 1, 2021, inclusive, the handling fee shall be set at the rate in effect on July 1, 2015.
(g) The department may update the methodology and scrap values used for calculating the handling fee from the most recent cost survey if it finds that the handling fee resulting from the most recent cost survey does not accurately represent the actual cost incurred for the redemption of empty beverage containers by those certified recycling centers.
(h) Notwithstanding subdivision (f), the department shall suspend usage of surveys and calculations of recycling costs until at least January 1, 2020.
(i) (1) The department may expend up to three million dollars ($3,000,000) annually from the fund for supplemental handling fee payments to low-volume recycling centers and recyclers willing to open a recycling center in a convenience zone that has recently become unserved. The department shall allocate the amount authorized for these supplemental handling fee payments into 12 equal monthly allotments.
(2) Supplemental handling fee payments shall be distributed once per month in equal amounts to recycling centers that are eligible for handling fees pursuant to subdivision (a), subject to all of the following requirements:
(A) A recycling center receiving a handling fee pursuant to this subdivision shall have no more than 600,000 beverage containers eligible for handling fees per month.
(B) Priority shall be given to recycling centers with the lowest volumes of beverage containers that are located in rural regions.
(C) (i) Payments shall be distributed first to no more than 100 recycling centers with the lowest volumes of beverage containers that are located in rural regions, in order of lowest volume.
(ii) After payments are distributed pursuant to clause (i), payments shall be distributed to other recycling centers with the lowest volumes of beverage containers, in order of lowest volume.
(3) No more than 400 recycling centers shall receive supplemental handling fee payments pursuant to this subdivision.
(4) The department may make the supplemental handling fee payments authorized pursuant to this subdivision by augmenting handling fee payments received by recyclers pursuant to subdivision (f).
(5) This subdivision shall become inoperative on July 1, 2021.
(j) On or before January 1, 2021, the department shall develop and submit, in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code, recommendations to the Legislature for revisions to this section and the department’s handling fee guidelines to ensure that handling fee calculations are adequate to maintain the state’s recycling center infrastructure.

SEC. 10.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.

SEC. 9.SEC. 11.

 This act is an urgency statute necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety within the meaning of Article IV of the California Constitution and shall go into immediate effect. The facts constituting the necessity are:
Because of the unprecedented closures of recycling centers statewide, reduced access to redemption locations for consumers, declining recycling rates, and higher costs associated for grocers and retailers, it is necessary for this act to take effect immediately.