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SB-439 Jurisdiction of the juvenile court.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 06/06/2018 09:00 PM
SB439:v97#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  June 06, 2018
Amended  IN  Senate  March 28, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 439


Introduced by Senators Mitchell and Lara
(Coauthor: Assembly Member Kamlager-Dove)

February 15, 2017


An act to amend Sections 601 and 602 of of, and to add Section 602.1 to, the Welfare and Institutions Code, relating to juveniles.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 439, as amended, Mitchell. Jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
Existing law places a person who is under 18 years of age within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court for certain offenses, including, among others, the person habitually refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of his or her parents or is habitually truant, as specified. Existing law also places a person who is under 18 years of age when he or she violates any law of this state or of the United States or specified ordinances of any city or county of this state to be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. Existing law authorizes a juvenile court to adjudge a person under these circumstances to be a ward of the court.
This bill would modify the ages that a person must be to fall within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court or adjudged a ward of the court under these circumstances to be between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive. inclusive, except that any minor who is under 12 years of age when he or she is alleged to have committed murder or rape with force, violence, or threat of great bodily harm would still be within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court and may be adjudged a ward of the court. On and after January 1, 2020, the bill would, if a minor under 12 years of age comes to the attention of law enforcement because his or her behavior or actions are as described under existing law, require the county to release the minor to his or her parent, guardian, or caregiver, except as provided. On and after January 1, 2020, the bill would require counties to develop a process for determining the least restrictive responses that may be used instead of, or in addition to, the release of the minor to his or her parent, guardian, or caregiver. By imposing additional duties on counties, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to the statutory provisions noted above.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NOYES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 601 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

601.
 (a) Any minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, who persistently or habitually refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of his or her parents, guardian, or custodian, or who is beyond the control of that person, or who is a minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, when he or she violated any ordinance of any city or county of this state establishing a curfew based solely on age is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court which may adjudge the minor to be a ward of the court.
(b) If a minor between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, has four or more truancies within one school year as defined in Section 48260 of the Education Code or a school attendance review board or probation officer determines that the available public and private services are insufficient or inappropriate to correct the habitual truancy of the minor, or to correct the minor’s persistent or habitual refusal to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of school authorities, or if the minor fails to respond to directives of a school attendance review board or probation officer or to services provided, the minor is then within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court which may adjudge the minor to be a ward of the court. However, it is the intent of the Legislature that a minor who is described in this subdivision, adjudged a ward of the court pursuant solely to this subdivision, or found in contempt of court for failure to comply with a court order pursuant to this subdivision, shall not be held in a secure facility and shall not be removed from the custody of the parent or guardian except for the purposes of school attendance.
(c) To the extent practically feasible, a minor who is adjudged a ward of the court pursuant to this section shall not be permitted to come into or remain in contact with any minor ordered to participate in a truancy program, or the equivalent thereof, pursuant to Section 602.
(d) Any peace officer or school administrator may issue a notice to appear to a minor who is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to this section.

SEC. 2.

 Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code is amended to read:

602.
 (a) Except as provided in Section 707, any minor who is between 12 years of age and 17 years of age, inclusive, when he or she violates any law of this state or of the United States or any ordinance of any city or county of this state defining crime other than an ordinance establishing a curfew based solely on age, is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, which may adjudge such minor to be a ward of the court.
(b) Any minor who is under 12 years of age when he or she is alleged to have committed murder, as listed in paragraph (1), or rape with force, violence, or threat of great bodily harm, as listed in paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) of Section 707, is within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court, which may adjudge such minor to be a ward of the court.

SEC. 3.

 Section 602.1 is added to the Welfare and Institutions Code, to read:

602.1.
 (a) In order to ensure the safety and well-being of minors who are under 12 years of age and whose behavior would otherwise bring them within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to Section 601 or 602, it is the intent of the Legislature that counties pursue appropriate measures to serve and protect a child only as needed, avoiding any intervention whenever possible, and using the least restrictive alternatives through available school-, health-, and community-based services.
(b) Except as provided in subdivision (b) of Section 602, when a minor under 12 years of age comes to the attention of law enforcement because his or her behavior or actions are as described in Section 601 or 602, the response of the county shall be to release the minor to his or her parent, guardian, or caregiver. Counties shall develop a process for determining the least restrictive responses that may be used instead of, or in addition to, the release of the minor to his or her parent, guardian, or caregiver.
(c) This section shall become operative on January 1, 2020.

SEC. 4.

 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.