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SB-356 Energy data transparency.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 05/26/2017 10:00 AM
SB356:v96#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  May 26, 2017
Amended  IN  Senate  April 27, 2017
Amended  IN  Senate  March 23, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 356


Introduced by Senator Skinner

February 14, 2017


An act to amend Section 25402.10 of, and to add Sections 25402.13 and Section 25402.14 to, to the Public Resources Code, and to amend Section 8380 of, and to add Section 323.7 to to, the Public Utilities Code, relating to energy.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 356, as amended, Skinner. Energy data transparency.
Under existing law, the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) has regulatory authority over public utilities, including electrical corporations. Existing law requires the commission to make certain information regarding electric service and electrical corporations available on its Internet Web site. Existing law provides for the establishment of an Independent System Operator (ISO) as a nonprofit public benefit corporation and requires the ISO to make certain filings with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and to seek authority from FERC as needed to give the ISO the ability to secure generating and transmission resources necessary to guarantee achievement of planning and operating reserve criteria no less stringent than those established by the Western Electricity Coordinating Council and the North American Electric Reliability Council.
This bill would require the PUC and the State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Commission (Energy Commission), by June 1, 2018, to jointly make available electronically to the public certain information, including, among other things, pricing data for electricity, on a single Internet Web page. The bill would require a load-serving entity electrical corporations and local publicly owned electric utilities to provide pricing data electronically to either the PUC or Energy Commission, as provided, within 3 months after a change in its rates. Because this bill would increase the duties of a local publicly owned electric utility, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program. The bill would require the Independent System Operator to make available electronically to the public certain information regarding the operation of the transmission grid. The bill would require the Energy Commission to publish public weather-normalized electric and natural gas usage data, as provided. The bill would require the Energy Commission, by January 1, 2019, to develop a system for assigning a global unique identifier for buildings within the state. The bill would require retail sellers of electricity electrical corporations and local publicly owned electric utilities to track the aggregated electricity usage data of all customers in the same building for buildings within their service territories by the global unique identifier. Because this bill would impose additional duties on local publicly owned electric utilities, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
Under existing law, a violation of the Public Utilities Act or any order, decision, rule, direction, demand, or requirement of the PUC is a crime.
Because certain of the above provisions amend the Public Utilities Act, and a violation of any of those would be a crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

Existing law requires each utility to maintain records of the energy usage data of all buildings to which they provide service for at least the most recent 12 complete calendar months. Existing law requires the utility, upon the request and written authorization of the owner, owner’s agent, or operator of a nonresidential building or building with 5 or more active utility accounts, to provide aggregate energy usage data for the building to the owner, owner’s agent, or operator, or to the owner’s account in the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager.

This bill would require utilities to release meter-specific electricity usage data to 3rd parties using a click-through electronic signature process for verifying customer identity and authorization to release data. The bill would require the Energy Commission, in collaboration with the Department of General Services, by July 1, 2018, to establish, for certain buildings owned or leased by the state, a schedule and protocol for the disclosure of the buildings’ energy benchmarking information and for the labeling of those buildings with that information. The bill would require, by January 1, 2019, those buildings to publicly display the energy benchmarking information on a label placed in a prominent location in or on the building.

Existing law prohibits an electrical corporation or a gas corporation from sharing, disclosing, or otherwise making accessible to a third party a customer’s electrical or gas consumption data with certain exceptions including upon consent of the customer.
This bill would specify that the consent is to be verified through a click-through electronic signature process and would specify the types of data eligible for release.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for specified reasons.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) California has set a goal of generation at 33 percent of total retail sales of electricity in the state from eligible renewable energy resources by December 31, 2020, and 50 percent by December 31, 2030.
(2) California has also set a goal of doubling the energy efficiency of the state’s buildings by 2030.
(3) Data about the needs and constraints of the electricity grid and on energy use in different regions and grid-specific locations of California can help inform policies in support of these energy goals and help producers and users of energy serve the needs of the grid at the least cost to consumers.
(4) Data access improves customers’ ability to make informed decisions about their energy management.
(5) Transparency increases accountability for all industry participants and helps all parties in the market make informed decisions about when, where, and how to provide electricity in a way that reduces the need to build additional powerplants and transmission lines, resulting in lower costs for the ratepayer.
(6) Data transparency increases the pace and degree of innovation, economic development, and job growth resulting in new technologies that can lower the cost of renewable energy integration into the grid and lower costs for ratepayers in meeting the state’s energy goals.
(7) Expanding access to building-specific energy use data will aid the state in meeting its energy efficiency, renewable energy, and other goals.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature to require maximum transparency and public review of technical data and analysis surrounding state regulations, the operation of the electric distribution grid by large electrical corporations and local publicly owned electric utilities, and the location of proposed investments in the transmission grid by the Independent System Operator.
(c) It is further the intent of the Legislature to obtain project-specific data on proposed utility investments in the distribution grid pertaining to distribution capacity, voltage support, and reliability or resilience.
SEC. 2.Section 25402.10 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:
25402.10.

(a)For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

(1)“Benchmark” means to obtain information on the energy use in an entire building for a specific period to enable that usage to be tracked or compared against other buildings.

(2)“Covered building” for purposes of this section means either or both of the following:

(A)Any building with no residential utility accounts.

(B)Any building with five or more active utility accounts, residential or nonresidential.

(3)“Energy” means electricity, natural gas, steam, or fuel oil sold by a utility to a customer for end uses addressed by the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager system.

(4)“ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager” means the tool developed and maintained by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to track and assess the energy performance of buildings.

(b)On and after January 1, 2016, each utility shall maintain records of the energy usage data of all buildings to which they provide service for at least the most recent 12 complete calendar months.

(c)(1)Subject to the requirements of paragraph (2), beginning no later than January 1, 2017, each utility shall, upon the request and written authorization or secure electronic authorization of the owner, owner’s agent, or operator of a covered building, deliver or otherwise provide aggregated energy usage data for a covered building to the owner, owner’s agent, building operator, or to the owner’s account in the ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager. The commission may specify additional information to be delivered by utilities to enable building owners to complete benchmarking of the energy use in their buildings and in other systems or formats for information delivery and automation.

(2)The delivery of information by utilities pursuant to this section shall be subject to the following requirements:

(A)For covered buildings with three or more active utility accounts, each utility shall deliver information showing the aggregated energy usage data of all utility customers in the same building for each of the 12 prior months. Notwithstanding any other law, energy usage data aggregated in this manner shall not be deemed customer utility usage information or confidential information by the utility for purposes of delivery to the owner, owner’s agent, or operator of a building. The building owner and utility shall not have any liability for any use or disclosure of aggregated energy usage data delivered as required by this section.

(B)For covered buildings not subject to subparagraph (A), each utility shall deliver the information showing the aggregated energy usage data of all utility customers in the same building for each of the prior 12 months if the accountholder provides written or electronic consent for the delivery of the accountholder’s energy usage data to the owner, owner’s agent, operator, or utility.

(C)Utilities shall release meter-specific electricity usage data to third parties using a click-through electronic signature process for verifying customer identity and authorization to release data, including, but not limited to, all Green Button Connect data.

(D)Each utility shall deliver, upload, or otherwise provide aggregated energy usage data within four weeks of receiving a request from an owner, owner’s agent, or operator of a covered building.

(E)Each utility shall make available the covered building energy usage data aggregated at a monthly level unless otherwise specified by the commission.

(F)The building owner and utility shall not have any liability for any use or disclosure by others of usage information delivered as required by this section.

(d)The commission shall adopt regulations providing for the delivery to the commission and public disclosure of benchmarking of energy use for covered buildings, as follows:

(1)This subdivision shall not require the owner of a building with 16 or fewer residential utility accounts to collect or deliver energy usage information to the commission.

(2)The commission may do, but is not limited to doing, all of the following in regulations adopted pursuant to this subdivision:

(A)Identify and provide for the collection of the energy usage data for the calculation of benchmarking of energy use.

(B)Identify and provide for the collection of the covered building characteristic information deemed necessary by the commission for the calculation of benchmarking of energy use.

(C)Specify the manner in which certain benchmarking of energy use shall be publicly disclosed.

(D)Determine which covered buildings, in addition to those described in paragraph (1), are not subject to the public disclosure requirement.

(E)Set a schedule to implement the requirements for public disclosure adopted by the commission.

(F)Determine if compliance with a local or county benchmarking program fulfills the commission’s requirements adopted pursuant to this subdivision.

(G)Identify categories of information it receives pursuant to this section that are protected from release under either the California Public Records Act (Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 6250) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code) or the Information Practices Act of 1977 (Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1798) of Title 1.8 of Part 4 of Division 3 of the Civil Code).

(3)The commission shall determine who will deliver the energy usage data and related information for any covered building to the commission.

(e)The commission may ensure timely and accurate compliance with the data submission requirements of this section by using the enforcement measures identified in Section 25321. An owner of a covered building, or its agents or operators, shall not be liable for any noncompliance due to the failure of a utility to provide the information required for compliance.

(f)For buildings that are not covered buildings, and for customer information that is not aggregated pursuant to subparagraph (A) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (c), the commission may adopt regulations prescribing how utilities shall either obtain the customer’s permission or determine that a building owner has obtained the customer’s permission, for the owner to receive aggregated energy usage data or, where applicable, individual customer usage information, including by use of electronic authorization and in a lease agreement between the owner and the customer.

(g)The reasonable costs of an electrical or gas corporation in delivering electrical or gas usage data pursuant to this section or other information as required under state or federal law or by an order of the commission shall be recoverable in rates evaluated and approved by the Public Utilities Commission.

(h)The reasonable costs of local publicly owned electric utilities in disclosing electrical usage data pursuant to this section may be considered “cost-effective demand-side management services to promote energy efficiency and energy conservation” and thereby reimbursable by their general fund.

(i)Nothing in this section shall prevent a city or county from establishing its own benchmarking program requiring collection, delivery, and disclosure of building information.

SEC. 3.Section 25402.13 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:
25402.13.

(a)(1)By January 1, 2019, all buildings owned by the state with more than 50,000 square feet of interior floor space shall publicly display their energy benchmarking information, as reported to the commission pursuant to Section 25402.10, on a label placed in a prominent location in or on the building.

(2)Any new lease or renewal of lease entered into by the state on or after January 1, 2018, for a building with more than 50,000 square feet of interior floor space shall require public disclosure, as specified in paragraph (1).

(b)By July 1, 2018, the commission, in collaboration with the Department of General Services, shall establish a schedule and protocols for the disclosure of benchmarking information and labeling of state-owned and state-leased buildings and shall adopt procedures for addressing disputes with regards to the information for the labels for individual state-owned or state-leased buildings.

(c)The commission, in consultation with the Department of General Services, may establish different benchmarking and labeling approaches as pilot programs and shall adopt a common approach for exclusive use for benchmarking and labeling on and after January 1, 2021.

SEC. 4.SEC. 2.

 Section 25402.14 is added to the Public Resources Code, to read:

25402.14.
 (a) To facilitate the tracking of electricity usage data of buildings in the state, on or before January 1, 2019, the commission shall establish a system for assigning a global unique identifier for each building in the state based on the building’s footprint using geographic information systems.
(b) By January 1, 2020, each retail seller, electrical corporation as defined in Section 399.12 218 of the Public Utilities Code, and local publicly owned electric utility, as defined in Section 224.3 of the Public Utilities Code, shall track the aggregated electricity usage data of all customers in the same building for buildings within its service territory by the global unique identifier assigned to the building.

SEC. 5.SEC. 3.

 Section 323.7 is added to the Public Utilities Code, to read:

323.7.
 (a) On or before June 1, 2018, the commission shall, jointly with the Energy Commission, make capacity, distribution infrastructure, and pricing data for electricity available electronically to the public, in a consistent, machine-readable format, with clearly labeled variables, on a single Internet Web page. The data may include, but is not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Energy generation data submitted to the commission and the Energy Commission as a part of the integrated resource planning process.
(2) Distribution infrastructure data gathered by the commission, including all of the following:

(2)

(A) A description of grid needs or deficiencies associated with proposed investments in the distribution system, including, but not limited to, all of the following:

(A)

(i) Type of grid need, including capacity, reactive power, voltage reliability, or resiliency requirements.
(ii) Reserve margins of proposed investments.

(B)

(iii) Geographic and electrical system location of a deficiency or need.

(C)

(iv) Scale of the grid deficiency or need such as megawatts or reactive power.

(D)Reserve margin of proposed investment.

(E)

(v) Historical and forecast data in the form of time series data used to justify grid need and proposed investment. Forecast data shall include near-term and long-term perspective and expected forecast error. forecasted data, such as load growth or adoption of distributed energy resources, underlying a grid need or deficiency justifying proposed investments in grid infrastructure.

(3)Loading data.

(4)Voltage profile data.

(B) Hosting capacity data reflecting the capacity of the distribution grid to accommodate interconnection, including both of the following:
(i) Circuit and node loading data.

(5)

(ii) A digital representation of constraints on utility distribution circuits for all circuits and circuit models, defined as a digital representation of the key attributes of a utility distribution circuit that are necessary to perform power flow and hosting capacity analyses.

(6)Time series data of distribution circuit and node loading.

(7)Existing installed distributed energy resources by type and capacity.

(8)Assumptions used in forecasting energy resource needs.

(9)

(C) Equipment ratings and settings that include all of the following:

(A)

(i) Thermal ratings for transformers and conductors.

(B)

(ii) Ratings of voltage regulating equipment by location to inform the ability of the circuit to manage voltage fluctuations.

(C)

(iii) Ratings and settings of protection equipment by location to inform the typical operational characteristics enable the understanding and modeling of individual circuits.

(10)

(3) (A) The price charged by a load-serving entity an electrical corporation or a local publicly owned electric utility for electricity in each ZIP Code.
(B) (i) A load serving entity that is not a local publicly owned electric utility An electrical corporation shall provide this data on pricing electronically to the commission.
(ii) A local publicly owned electric utility shall provide this data on pricing electronically to the Energy Commission.
(C) This pricing data shall be updated within three months after a load-serving entity an electrical corporation or a local publicly owned electric utility changes its rates.
(b) On or before June 1, 2018, the Independent System Operator shall make demand, pricing, and trading information available electronically to the public, in a consistent, machine-readable format, with clearly labeled variables, on a single Internet Web page on its Internet Web site. This information shall include, but is not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Real-time and historical day-ahead and spot-market pricing.
(2) Data on daily and annual electricity curtailment and economic curtailment, and on generation constraints, by location.
(3) Assumptions made by the Independent System Operator in forecasting energy needs.
(c) On or before June 1, 2018, the Energy Commission shall publish weather-normalized electrical and natural gas usage data, anonymized by geography and customer type to protect customer privacy, in a machine-readable, electronic format. The data shall be made available to the public on a monthly and hourly usage basis and shall by be provided in the following two data sets:
(1) Anonymized geographically by ZIP Code or census track. tract.
(2) Anonymized by customer type, including, but not limited to, schools, commercial buildings categorized by size, multifamily residential building buildings categorized by size, and single-family residential buildings categorized by size.
(d) The commission and the Energy Commission shall adopt appropriate mechanisms for information submitted pursuant to this section to protect the privacy and confidentiality of the customers.
(e) This section does not apply to data that are required to be kept confidential by law.

SEC. 4.

 Section 8380 of the Public Utilities Code is amended to read:

8380.
 (a) For purposes of this section, “electrical or gas consumption data” means data about a customer’s electrical or natural gas usage that is made available as part of an advanced metering infrastructure, and includes the name, account number, or residence of the customer.
(b) (1) An electrical corporation or gas corporation shall not share, disclose, or otherwise make accessible to any third party a customer’s electrical or gas consumption data, except as provided in subdivision (e) or upon the consent of the customer. customer verified through a click-through electronic signature process. Data shared, disclosed, or otherwise made accessible through the electronic signature process includes incremental meter-specific electricity usage and Green Button Connect data.
(2) An electrical corporation or gas corporation shall not sell a customer’s electrical or gas consumption data or any other personally identifiable information for any purpose.
(3) The electrical corporation or gas corporation or its contractors shall not provide an incentive or discount to the customer for accessing the customer’s electrical or gas consumption data without the prior consent of the customer.
(4) An electrical or gas corporation that utilizes an advanced metering infrastructure that allows a customer to access the customer’s electrical and gas consumption data shall ensure that the customer has an option to access that data without being required to agree to the sharing of his or her personally identifiable information, including electrical or gas consumption data, with a third party.
(c) If an electrical corporation or gas corporation contracts with a third party for a service that allows a customer to monitor his or her electricity or gas usage, and that third party uses the data for a secondary commercial purpose, the contract between the electrical corporation or gas corporation and the third party shall provide that the third party prominently discloses that secondary commercial purpose to the customer and secures the customer’s consent to the use of his or her data for that secondary commercial purpose prior to the use of the data.
(d) An electrical corporation or gas corporation shall use reasonable security procedures and practices to protect a customer’s unencrypted electrical or gas consumption data from unauthorized access, destruction, use, modification, or disclosure.
(e)  (1) This section shall not preclude an electrical corporation or gas corporation from using customer aggregate electrical or gas consumption data for analysis, reporting, or program management if all information has been removed regarding the individual identity of a customer.
(2) This section shall not preclude an electrical corporation or gas corporation from disclosing a customer’s electrical or gas consumption data to a third party for system, grid, or operational needs, or the implementation of demand response, energy management, or energy efficiency programs, provided that, for contracts entered into after January 1, 2011, the utility has required by contract that the third party implement and maintain reasonable security procedures and practices appropriate to the nature of the information, to protect the personal information from unauthorized access, destruction, use, modification, or disclosure, and prohibits the use of the data for a secondary commercial purpose not related to the primary purpose of the contract without the customer’s prior consent to that use.
(3) This section shall not preclude an electrical corporation or gas corporation from disclosing electrical or gas consumption data as required or permitted under state or federal law or by an order of the commission.
(f) If a customer chooses to disclose his or her electrical or gas consumption data to a third party that is unaffiliated with, and has no other business relationship with, the electrical or gas corporation, the electrical or gas corporation shall not be responsible for the security of that data, or its use or misuse.

SEC. 6.SEC. 5.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because a local agency or school district has the authority to levy service charges, fees, or assessments sufficient to pay for the program or level of service mandated by this act or because costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.