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SB-135 Pupil instruction: media literacy: model curriculum.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 07/03/2017 09:00 PM
SB135:v96#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  July 03, 2017
Amended  IN  Senate  April 26, 2017
Amended  IN  Senate  April 04, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 135


Introduced by Senator Dodd
(Principal coauthor: Senator Jackson)
(Coauthors: Senators Galgiani and Mendoza)
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Chiu, Mullin, and Voepel)

January 11, 2017


An act to add Section 51206.3 to the Education Code, relating to pupil instruction.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 135, as amended, Dodd. Pupil instruction: media literacy: model curriculum.
Existing law requires the adopted course of study for grades 1 to 6, inclusive, and for grades 7 to 12, inclusive, to offer courses in specified areas of study, including social sciences. Existing law establishes the Instructional Quality Commission and requires the commission to, among other things, recommend curriculum frameworks to the State Board of Education.
This bill would require the commission to develop, and the state board to adopt, modify, or revise, reject, or modify, a model curriculum in media literacy for social sciences for kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive. The bill would require the commission to submit the model curriculum to the state board on or before January 1, 2019, and would require the state board to adopt adopt, reject, or modify the model curriculum on or before March 31, 2019. 2019, in accordance with specified procedural requirements. The bill would require the State Department of Education to make available on its Internet Web site a list of resources and instructional materials on media literacy and to ensure that media literacy training opportunities are made available for use in literacy, including media literacy professional development programs for teachers.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) The social implications of technological development are pervasive, and the reach and influence of digital media platforms will continue to expand.
(2) Nearly two-thirds of American adults use social networking sites, and social media usage is ubiquitous among the youngest adults, with over 90 percent of young adults using social media.
(3) Two out of every three adults say fabricated news stories cause a great deal of confusion about the basic facts of current issues and events.
(4) A recent Stanford University study showed that 82 percent of middle school students pupils struggled to distinguish advertisements from news stories.
(5) During the final, critical months of the 2016 presidential campaign, 20 top-performing false election stories from hoax Web sites and hyperpartisan blogs generated 8,711,000 shares, reactions, and comments on social media; where, within the same time period, the 20 best-performing election stories from 19 major news Internet Web sites generated a total of 7,367,000 shares, reactions, and comments on Facebook.
(6) It is necessary to confront questions about the moral obligations and ethical standards regarding what appears on social media networks and digital platforms.
(7) Access to technology literacy and digital media skills media literacy education for all young students pupils is a challenge, especially for underrepresented and economically disadvantaged communities.
(b) It is therefore the intent of the Legislature to ensure that young adults are prepared with technology literacy and computer skills in order to utilize social media sites responsibly. media literacy skills necessary to safely, responsibly, and critically consume and use social media and other forms of media.

SEC. 2.

 Section 51206.3 is added to the Education Code, to read:

51206.3.
 (a) For purposes of this section, “digital citizenship” and “media literacy” are broad terms that encompass consumption and production use of media and digital products and are defined as follows:
(1) “Digital citizenship” means a diverse set of skills related to current technology and social media, including the norms of appropriate, responsible, and healthy behavior.
(2) “Media literacy” means the ability to access, analyze, evaluate, develop, produce, and interpret and use media and encompasses the foundational skills that lead to digital citizenship.
(b) The Instructional Quality Commission shall develop, and the state board shall adopt, modify, or revise, reject, or modify, a model curriculum in media literacy for social sciences for kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive. inclusive, for voluntary use by educators.

(c)Private resources may be used as funding sources to supplement the development of a model curriculum in media literacy.

(d)Components of media literacy may be designed to include the ability to measure 21st century skills of pupils using standards that may include those defined by the International Society for Technology in Education so that teachers may effectively measure and teach the critical 21st century skills pupils need to succeed on California’s next-generation online assessments and prepare pupils for college and career objectives. The skills to be measured may include, but are not limited to, all of the following:

(c) The model curriculum in media literacy shall be designed for the purpose of providing instruction in the safe and responsible use of media and supporting pupils’ use of critical thinking skills when consuming media. The model curriculum in media literacy shall address, but not be limited to, instructing pupils in how to do all of the following:
(1) Safely and responsibly use and consume media.
(2) Access relevant and accurate information through media.
(3) Analyze media content in a critical way.
(4) Evaluate the comprehensiveness, currency, relevance, credibility, authority, and accuracy of media content.
(d) The model curriculum in media literacy may be designed to promote the development of pupils’ skills in all of the following:
(1) Creativity and innovation.
(2) Communication and collaboration.
(3) Research and information fluency.
(4) Critical thinking and problem solving.
(5) Digital citizenship.
(6) Technology operations and concepts.
(7) Information, media, and technological literacy.
(8) Concepts of media representation and stereotyping.

(e)The model curriculum in media literacy shall be written as a guide to allow school districts to adapt their courses to reflect emerging technologies in their communities.

(f)On or before January 1, 2019, the Instructional Quality Commission shall submit the model curriculum in media literacy to the state board for adoption and the state board shall adopt the model curriculum on or before March 31, 2019.

(g)The Instructional Quality Commission shall provide a minimum of 45 days for public comment before submitting the model curriculum in media literacy to the state board.

(h)The department shall make available to school districts on its Internet Web site a list of resources and materials on media literacy, to be accessible for use on or before July 1, 2018, and shall ensure that approved media literacy training opportunities are made available for use in professional development programs for teachers. The Internet Web site shall have a mechanism accessible to school districts and teachers to provide feedback.

(e) The model curriculum in media literacy shall do both of the following:
(1) Provide model lessons and activities for each grade level and identify supporting instructional materials for use in its implementation.
(2) Identify the ways in which it aligns with, and is supportive of, the Common Core State Standards and the Next Generation Science standards.
(f) In developing the model curriculum in media literacy, the Instructional Quality Commission shall convene an advisory group comprised of experts in media literacy education. A majority of this group shall be current public school elementary or secondary classroom teachers who have a professional teaching credential that is valid under state law and who have experience or expertise in media literacy education.
(g) The Instructional Quality Commission shall hold a minimum of two public hearings for the public to provide input on the model curriculum in media literacy in accordance with the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act (Article 9 (commencing with Section 11120) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code).
(h) On or before January 1, 2019, the Instructional Quality Commission shall submit to the state board the model curriculum in media literacy.
(i) On or before March 31, 2019, the state board shall adopt, reject, or modify the model curriculum in media literacy submitted by the Instructional Quality Commission at a subsequent public meeting.
(j) If the state board modifies the model curriculum in media literacy submitted by the Instructional Quality Commission, the state board shall do both of the following:
(1) Explain, in writing, the reasons for the modifications to the Governor and the appropriate fiscal and policy committees of the Legislature.
(2) Provide written reasons for its revisions in a meeting conducted pursuant to the Bagley-Keene Open Meeting Act (Article 9 (commencing with Section 11120) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Government Code). The state board shall not adopt the model curriculum in media literacy at the same meeting it provides its written reasons but shall adopt the revisions at a subsequent meeting conducted no later than July 31, 2019.
(k) If the state board rejects the model curriculum in media literacy, the state board shall transmit to the Superintendent, the Governor, and the appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature a specific written explanation of the reasons for the rejection of the model curriculum in media literacy.
(l) Following the adoption of the model curriculum in media literacy, the Superintendent shall post the curriculum on its Internet Web site for voluntary use by educators.
(m) On or before July 1, 2018, the department shall make available to school districts on its Internet Web site a list of resources and instructional materials on media literacy, including media literacy professional development programs for teachers.
(n) Following the adoption of the model curriculum in media literacy, the department’s Internet Web site shall have a mechanism accessible to school districts and teachers to provide feedback on the model curriculum in media literacy.
(o) Private resources may be used as funding sources to supplement the development of a model curriculum in media literacy.