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AB-1406 Homeless Youth Housing Program.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 06/19/2017 02:00 PM
AB1406:v97#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  June 19, 2017
Amended  IN  Assembly  April 18, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1406


Introduced by Assembly Members Gloria and Chiu
(Coauthor: Assembly Member Lackey)

February 17, 2017


An act to add Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 50897) to Part 2 of Division 31 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to housing.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1406, as amended, Gloria. Homeless Youth Housing Program.
Existing law establishes various housing assistance programs directed by the Department of Housing and Community Development.
This bill would establish the Homeless Youth Housing Program to, upon appropriation of funds by the Legislature, award grants to up to 10 recipients, as defined, that demonstrate the ability to contract with service providers capable of providing housing assistance and supportive services to homeless youth with the goal of transitioning youth towards self-sufficiency. The bill would require the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services to work collaboratively to carry out the duties and functions of the program and to, among other things, enter into an interagency agreement to address the respective and shared responsibilities of the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services in implementing, overseeing, and evaluating the program. The bill would also require the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services to establish standards for recipients consistent with the requirements of program and to limit administrative costs.
The bill would require grantees recipients to use funds to establish or expand programs that provide specified housing assistance and supportive services to homeless youth, as defined. The bill would require the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services to award grants under the program to recipients that meet specified requirements, including that the grantee match all grant funds on a dollar-by-dollar basis recipient provide at least a 25% match for grant funds received under the program and that the grantee recipient develop and submit a local plan to reduce homelessness among youth that includes, among other specified information, a comprehensive outreach strategy to identify and assist homeless youth. The bill would require each grantee recipient to annually report to the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services regarding the use of grant moneys, as specified. The bill would require the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services by October 1, 2019, to report to the Legislature regarding the implementation of the program, as specified.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 50897) is added to Part 2 of Division 31 of the Health and Safety Code, to read:
CHAPTER  17. Homeless Youth Housing Program

50897.
 This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the Homeless Youth Housing Program.

50897.1.
 (a) The Homeless Youth Housing Program is established in the Department of Housing and Community Development to award grants to up to 10 recipients that demonstrate the ability to provide housing assistance and supportive services to homeless youth with the goal of transitioning youth towards self-sufficiency.
(b) The Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services shall work collaboratively to carry out the duties and functions imposed by this chapter. The departments shall do all of the following:
(1) No later than March 31, 2018, enter into an interagency agreement to address the respective and shared responsibilities of the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services in implementing, overseeing, and evaluating this chapter.
(2) Convene a process to inform the development of guidelines for the implementation of the program, which shall include input from stakeholders. Stakeholders providing input shall include, but not be limited to, organizations with experience serving homeless youth, organizations with experience providing housing or homeless services, youth advocates, and homeless advocates.
(3) Establish standards for recipients consistent with the requirements of this chapter and to limit administrative costs.
(4) Establish an evaluation process for the program.
(5) No later than December 31, 2018, finalize guidelines and requests for proposal. release notice of funding availability.
(6) Review and approve proposals for funding.
(c) Of the total amount of funds appropriated for the program, the departments may use no more than 5 percent for the purpose of administering the program.
(d) Funds provided through the Homeless Youth Advocacy andHousing Program shall be awarded in a three-year grant cycle.

50897.2.
 For purposes of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply:
(a) “Benefits advocacy” means individual assistance provided to homeless youth to access benefits to which those homeless youth may be entitled, including, but not limited to, the county child welfare system, the CalWORKs program (Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11200) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code), the CalFresh program (Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 18900) of Part 6 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code), the Medi-Cal program (Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 14000) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code), and Supplemental Security Income, as well as advocacy to create medical-legal partnerships.
(b) “Child welfare services” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 16501 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(c) “Continuum of care” has the same meaning as that term is defined Section 578.3 of Title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(d) “Departments” means the Department of Housing and Community Development and the Office of Emergency Services.
(e) “Family finding” means a set of strategies to locate and engage relatives of children living in out-of-home care or at risk of living in out-of-home care, with the goal to connect each child with a family.
(f) “Homeless youth” means an unaccompanied youth 24 years of age or younger who is a homeless child or youth, as defined in Section 11434a of Title 42 of the United States Code, as that section read on January 1, 2017.
(g) “Housing navigation services” means housing identification, application assistance, landlord negotiation, and move-in assistance necessary to assist homeless individuals or families, or both, move as quickly as possible into housing.
(h) “Housing stabilization services” means services promoting housing stability, such as engagement, case management, public systems assistance, legal assistance, credit repair assistance, life skills training, and conflict mediation.
(i) “Interim housing” means a safe, decent residential setting that incorporates core components of Housing First, as provided in Section 8255 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, and in which homeless youth wait to secure permanent or transitional housing.
(j) “Program” means the Homeless Youth Advocacy and Housing Program developed under this chapter.
(k) “Rapid rehousing assistance” has the same meaning as that term is described in Section 576.104 of Title 24 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(l) “Recipients” includes all of the following:
(1) A city, county, or city and county that works with community-based organizations to provide all of the housing options and services identified in subdivision (b) of Section 50897.3.
(2) A homeless continuum of care.
(3) A community-based organization that meets all of the following requirements:
(A) Collaborates with other local agencies to provide the housing options and services identified in subdivision (b) of Section 50897.3.
(B) Has agreed to work together with other entities to develop a local plan to reduce homelessness among homeless youth consistent with paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 50897.3.

(C)Has received approval of the homeless continuum of care in the region in which the organization is operating.

(C) Has received a letter from the homeless continuum of care in the region in which the organization is operating indicating that the proposed program is consistent with the goals of the continuum of care and integrated into the coordinated entry process of the continuum of care.
(m) “Street outreach” has the same meaning as that term is described in Section 576.101 of Title 24 Code of Federal Regulations.
(n) “Supplemental security income” has the same meaning as that term is defined in Section 416.120 of Title 20 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(o) “Supportive housing” has the same meaning as that term is defined in subdivision (b) of Section 50675.14.
(p) “Time-limited housing assistance” includes rapid rehousing and transitional housing, and shall conform to the requirements of subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (d) of Section 8255 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(q) “Transitional housing” has the same meaning as specified in Section 8255 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. defined in subdivision (j) of Section 65582 of the Government Code.

50897.3.
 (a) The program shall, upon appropriation of funds by the Legislature, award grants to recipients that demonstrate the ability to contract with service providers capable of providing to provide housing assistance and supportive services to homeless youth with the goal of transitioning youth towards self-sufficiency.
(b) A recipient shall use grant funds to establish or expand programs that assess the housing and services needs of homeless youth, establish a plan to meet those needs in collaboration with the participant, and provide evidence-based housing and services models to participants. In coordination with other relevant agencies, including a county’s child welfare and disability services agencies, the recipient shall provide all of the following:
(1) (A) Based on each homeless youth’s assessed need for housing assistance, recipients shall offer a range of housing options that meet the need of homeless youth, which shall include two or more of the following:
(i) Rapid rehousing.
(ii) Rental assistance to access affordable housing.
(iii) Transitional housing, for a period not to exceed 36 months.
(iv) Supportive housing.
(B) For purposes of this section, “housing assistance” does not include publicly or privately operated shelters and housing programs terminating less than six months after placement. “Housing assistance” may include interim housing of up to nine months so long as the housing provider offers intensive housing navigation services to relocate the homeless youth in permanent housing as quickly as possible.
(2) Based on each participant’s assessed need for supportive services, recipients shall offer all of the following, using evidence-based, voluntary, and noncompulsory evidence-based services models:
(A) Benefits advocacy.
(B) Housing stabilization services.
(C) Provision of, or linkage to, care coordination to help participants access any medical, mental health, and substance use treatment the participant needs to attain health stability.
(D) Employment training, acquisition support, and retention services.
(E) Education supports related to receiving a high school diploma or a California High School Equivalency Certificate and access to higher education, including vocational colleges, the California Community Colleges, the California State University, the University of California, and other postsecondary educational institutions.
(F) Housing navigation.
(G) Family finding.
(H) Street outreach.
(3) The recipient shall offer high-quality youth informed services in conjunction with the housing programs provided for in paragraph (1). The service provider shall proactively engage homeless youth to offer a wide array of supportive services that are designed to meet the needs of each participant including, but not limited to, those listed in paragraph (2). The service provider shall not prevent a youth from entering housing, or discharge or evict a youth from a housing program, on the basis of lack of participation in supportive services.
(c) The departments shall award program funds to recipients subject to the following requirements:
(1) A recipient that receives state funds under this program shall develop and submit a local plan to reduce homelessness among homeless youth. The plan shall include all of the following information:
(A) The current number of homeless youth within the jurisdiction of their local continuum of care and the expected level of reduction based on receipt of grant funds from the program, based on data aggregated from the annual Point-in-Time count conducted by, and the Homeless Management Information System of, the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Homeless Children and Youths Program of the United States Department of Education, and any other reliable source of data on the number of homeless youth within the area served by the recipient.
(B) The protocol to be used to ensure that homeless youth, 16 to 18, inclusive, years of age, are screened for maltreatment and assisted in their efforts to enter foster care.
(C) The protocol to be used to ensure that homeless youth are screened for eligibility for benefits and receive benefits advocacy.
(D) The protocol to be used to incorporate homeless youth into the local homeless services coordinated entry and assessment system.
(E) The comprehensive outreach strategy to identify and assist homeless youth.
(F) The protocol to be used to reduce disparities in access to housing and services for homeless youth.
(2) Regardless of housing type, a homeless service provider offering services shall demonstrate the ability to provide comprehensive, culturally competent, and trauma-informed services to meet the needs of homeless youth, including the specific needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth, commercially sexually exploited children and youth, youth of color, and survivors of domestic violence.
(3) A recipient that receives state funds under this program shall match that funding on a dollar-by-dollar basis. provide at least a 25-percent match. Funds used for this purpose shall supplement, not supplant, recipient funding intended for these purposes. In-kind matches shall be allowable for the recipient matching requirement and may include reasonably calculable services, the fair market value of housing vouchers set aside for the program population, or the value of affordable apartments set aside for the program population.

50897.4.
 (a) Each recipient shall annually report to the departments regarding the use of state funding provided under this chapter, including all the following information:
(1) The number and demographics of youth served.
(2) The types of housing assistance provided by the recipient and the number, age, and gender identity of youth who have resided in the housing.
(3) The supportive services provided by the recipient and the number, age, and gender identity of youth who received these supportive services.
(4) The number of youth served who are currently in stable housing and how long each has resided in stable housing.
(5) The number of youth served who are engaged in employment training, the nature of the training, and length of time enrolled in employment training.
(6) The number of youth served who completed high school or high school equivalency and the number of youth enrolled in educational programs, the type of programs, and the length of enrollment in educational programs.
(7) The number of youth served who received benefits advocacy related to accessing child welfare, Supplemental Security Income, and other services to which the youth are entitled, as well as the number of youth receiving child welfare and Supplemental Security Income.
(b) The departments shall report to the Legislature by October 1, 2019, regarding implementation of the program, including the information reported by each recipient pursuant to subdivision (a).
(c) (1) A report to be submitted pursuant to subdivision (b) shall be submitted in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.
(2) The requirement for submitting a report imposed under subdivision (b) is inoperative on October 1, 2023, pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code.