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AB-1364 Public postsecondary education: Higher Education Funding Formula.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 04/03/2017 09:00 PM
AB1364:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  April 03, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1364


Introduced by Assembly Member McCarty

February 17, 2017


An act to add Chapter 1.25 (commencing with Section 99020) to Part 65 of Division 14 of Title 3 of the Education Code, relating to community colleges. public postsecondary education.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1364, as amended, McCarty. Community colleges: accreditation. Public postsecondary education: Higher Education Funding Formula.
Existing law establishes the University of California, under the administration of the Regents of the University of California, the California State University, under the administration of the Trustees of the California State University, and the California Community Colleges, under the administration of the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, as the 3 segments of public postsecondary education in this state.
Existing law establishes the local control funding formula (LCFF) as part of the funding system for public elementary and secondary education in this state. Under the LCFF, school districts with higher populations of unduplicated pupils, as defined to include English language learners, pupils eligible for free or reduced-price meals, and foster youth, generally receive more state funding.
This bill would express findings and declarations of the Legislature relating to issues relating to funding to meet the educational needs of historically underrepresented groups of students. The bill would enact the Higher Education Funding Formula, under which, commencing with the 2018–19 fiscal year, additional state funding would be provided to the segments of public postsecondary education through the annual Budget Act. This funding would be based on the number of students enrolled in each segment who were classified as unduplicated pupils for purposes of the LCFF in their final year as high school pupils, as specified. The bill would specify the purposes for which the additional funding provided under the bill could be expended.

Existing law establishes the California Community Colleges, under the administration of the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, as one of the segments of public postsecondary education in this state. Existing law specifies the duties of the board of governors, including, among other duties, establishing minimum standards for the formation of community colleges and districts. Under existing regulatory authority, the board of governors requires each community college to be accredited.

This bill would express the intent of the Legislature to later enact legislation relating to the accrediting agency for community colleges.

Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NOYES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) As a result of the growing demographic of historically underrepresented groups, the success of diverse college groups is tied to California’s collective social and economic success.
(2) Today, the need for educating diverse students is most evident at our public colleges and universities where, due to a variety of reasons, the majority of underrepresented students are studying.
(3) If California’s public higher education institutions are to be successful in retaining, transferring, and graduating underrepresented students, these institutions must provide the additional services and programs needed to ensure the academic success of these students.
(4) California’s public higher education institutions must implement comprehensive programs that address the needs of students for academic and career counseling and that help students to make the social, intellectual, and geographic transitions to college life.
(5) Enacted during the 2013–14 legislative session, the local control funding formula (LCFF) made major changes to the way the state allocates funding to public elementary and secondary education by recognizing that historically underserved populations require additional services and programs to ensure their academic success.
(6) The LCFF weighs factors relating to the number of low-income pupils, English language learners, and foster youth, and provides supplemental or concentration grants for public elementary and secondary schools that serve large numbers of these pupils.
(7) The issues that necessitate that provision of additional educational services and programs for historically underserved populations at the K–12 grade levels do not disappear once these students enroll in institutions of higher education.
(b) Therefore, it is the intent of the Legislature to enact a funding formula for California’s public postsecondary educational institutions that will provide a stable year-to-year funding mechanism while providing additional moneys to aid those categories of LCFF students who are currently targeted for additional funding at the K–12 grade levels.

SEC. 2.

 Chapter 1.25 (commencing with Section 99020) is added to Part 65 of Division 14 of Title 3 of the Education Code, to read:
CHAPTER  1.25. Higher Education Funding Formula

99020.
 Notwithstanding any other law, commencing with the 2018–19 fiscal year, the following formula shall be applied to state funding in the annual Budget Act of the segments of public postsecondary education:
(a) For the funding of the University of California and the California State University, the funding formula shall be based upon providing 20 percent more state funding for each student who was classified as an unduplicated pupil, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 42238.02, in his or her final school year as a high school pupil. The base amount per student shall be the amount of annual tuition at the California State University.
(b) For the funding of the California Community Colleges, the funding formula shall include both of the following:
(1) The provision of 20 percent more state funding for each full-time equivalent student who was classified as an unduplicated pupil, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 42238.02, in his or her final school year as a high school pupil.
(2) The provision of concentration funding for each community college district whose underserved population, defined as the number of students enrolled in that district who would be counted under paragraph (1), exceeds 55 percent of the total number of students enrolled in that district. For community college districts meeting this requirement, the concentration funding shall provide, for each underserved student enrolled in the community college district above the 55-percent threshhold, an additional amount equal to 50 percent of the amount of funding per student provided pursuant to paragraph (1).

99021.
 The funds apportioned to the segments of public postsecondary education pursuant to Section 99020 shall be expended by the respective segments exclusively for all of the following purposes:
(a) Counseling services.
(b) Mandatory orientation activities.
(c) Tutoring services.
(d) Aggressive advising for first-generation, academically disadvantaged students.
(e) Peer mentoring and faculty development in working with first-generation, historically underserved student populations.
(f) Other services deemed by the Legislature to be essential for student success.
(g) The development and reporting of appropriate segmental accountability metrics, including, but not necessarily limited to, both of the following:
(1) For the University of California and the California State University: graduation rates, spending per degree, number of transfer and low-income students enrolled, degree completions, units per degree, percentage of students graduating within four years, and degree completions in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields of study.
(2) For the California Community Colleges: completion rates, remedial progress rates, number of associate degrees completed annually, and equity rates.

SECTION 1.

It is the intent of the Legislature to later enact legislation relating to the accrediting agency for community colleges.