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AB-1090 Marijuana use: location restrictions.(2017-2018)

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Date Published: 03/28/2017 09:00 PM
AB1090:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  March 28, 2017

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2017–2018 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1090


Introduced by Assembly Member Cunningham

February 17, 2017


An act relating to controlled substances. to amend Section 11362.3 of the Health and Safety Code, relating to marijuana.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1090, as amended, Cunningham. Controlled substances. Marijuana use: location restrictions.
The Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Act (AUMA), an initiative statute enacted by the approval of Proposition 64 at the November 8, 2016, statewide general election, authorizes a person 21 years of age or older to possess and use specified amounts of marijuana. AUMA specifies that this authorization is not construed to permit a person to smoke marijuana or marijuana products within 1,000 feet of a school, day care center, or youth center while children are present at those locations. AUMA also specifies that possessing, smoking, or ingesting marijuana or marijuana products in or upon the grounds of a school, day care center, or youth center while children are present is not permitted. AUMA makes a violation of these location restrictions punishable as an infraction or a misdemeanor, as specified. AUMA authorizes the Legislature to amend its provisions with a 2/3 vote of each house of the Legislature, provided that the amendments are consistent with and further the purposes and intent of the act.
This bill would prohibit the possession, smoking, or ingesting of marijuana around a school, day care center, or youth center, as specified, regardless of whether children are present. By expanding the scope of a crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.

Existing law classifies certain controlled substances into designated schedules and generally makes it a crime to possess or sell controlled substances.

This bill would state the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation relating to controlled substances.

Vote: MAJORITY2/3   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NOYES   Local Program: NOYES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 11362.3 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:

11362.3.
 (a) Nothing in Section 11362.1 shall be construed to permit any person to:
(1) Smoke or ingest marijuana or marijuana products in any public place, except in accordance with Section 26200 of the Business and Professions Code.
(2) Smoke marijuana or marijuana products in a location where smoking tobacco is prohibited.
(3) Smoke marijuana or marijuana products within 1,000 feet of a school, day care center, or youth center while children are present at such a school, day care center, or youth center, center, except in or upon the grounds of a private residence or in accordance with Section 26200 of, or Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 19300) of Division 8 of, the Business and Professions Code and only if such smoking is not detectable by others on the grounds of such a school, day care center, or youth center while children are present. center.
(4) Possess an open container or open package of marijuana or marijuana products while driving, operating, or riding in the passenger seat or compartment of a motor vehicle, boat, vessel, aircraft, or other vehicle used for transportation.
(5) Possess, smoke smoke, or ingest marijuana or marijuana products in or upon the grounds of a school, day care center, or youth center while children are present. center.
(6) Manufacture concentrated cannabis using a volatile solvent, unless done in accordance with a license under Chapter 3.5 (commencing with Section 19300) of Division 8 of, or Division 10 of, the Business and Professions Code.
(7) Smoke or ingest marijuana or marijuana products while driving, operating a motor vehicle, boat, vessel, aircraft, or other vehicle used for transportation.
(8) Smoke or ingest marijuana or marijuana products while riding in the passenger seat or compartment of a motor vehicle, boat, vessel, aircraft, or other vehicle used for transportation except as permitted on a motor vehicle, boat, vessel, aircraft, or other vehicle used for transportation that is operated in accordance with Section 26200 of the Business and Professions Code and while no persons under the age of 21 years of age are present.
(b) For purposes of this section, “day care center” has the same meaning as in Section 1596.76.
(c) For purposes of this section, “smoke” means to inhale, exhale, burn, or carry any lighted or heated device or pipe, or any other lighted or heated marijuana or marijuana product intended for inhalation, whether natural or synthetic, in any manner or in any form. “Smoke” includes the use of an electronic smoking device that creates an aerosol or vapor, in any manner or in any form, or the use of any oral smoking device for the purpose of circumventing the prohibition of smoking in a place.
(d) For purposes of this section, “volatile solvent” means volatile organic compounds, including: (1) explosive gases, such as Butane, Propane, Xylene, Styrene, Gasoline, Kerosene, O2 or H2; and (2) dangerous poisons, toxins, or carcinogens, such as Methanol, Iso-propyl Alcohol, Methylene Chloride, Acetone, Benzene, Toluene, and Trichloro-ethylene.
(e) For purposes of this section, “youth center” has the same meaning as in Section 11353.1.
(f) Nothing in this section shall be construed or interpreted to amend, repeal, affect, restrict, or preempt laws pertaining to the Compassionate Use Act of 1996.

SEC. 2.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.
SECTION 1.

It is the intent of the Legislature to enact legislation relating to controlled substances.