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SB-1050 Postsecondary education: college readiness.(2015-2016)

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SB1050:v96#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Senate  May 10, 2016
Amended  IN  Senate  April 26, 2016
Amended  IN  Senate  April 07, 2016

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2015–2016 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 1050


Introduced by Senators De León, Hernandez, and Pan
(Principal coauthor: Senator Lara)

February 16, 2016


An act to amend Sections 99200, 99200.5, and 99201 of, to add Section 33318.8 to, to add Article 8 (commencing with Section 41580) to Chapter 3.2 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2 of, to add Article 8 (commencing with Section 92680) to Chapter 6 of Part 57 of Division 9 of Title 3 of, and to repeal Section 99206 of, the Education Code, relating to postsecondary education.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 1050, as amended, De León. Postsecondary education: college readiness.
Existing law requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction to compute the percentage of unduplicated pupils, defined as pupils enrolled in a school district or a charter school who are either classified as English learners, eligible for free or reduced-price meals, or foster youths.
This bill would require the Superintendent State Department of Education to develop and post on its Internet Web site a list of high schools with 75% or greater enrollment in this classification.
Existing law establishes certain block grants to be apportioned to a school district or charter school for specified purposes.
This bill would establish the K–12 College Readiness Block Grant for the purposes of preparing California’s high school pupils, particularly pupils who are traditionally underrepresented in the University of California and the California State University, unduplicated pupils, to be eligible for admission into a postsecondary institution, and increasing the 4-year-college-going rates of these pupils. This program would be contingent on the appropriation of funding for its purposes in the annual Budget Act or another statute.
The California Constitution provides that the University of California constitutes a public trust administered by the Regents of the University of California, a corporation in the form of a board, with full powers of organization and government, subject to legislative control only for specified purposes. Existing law, until June 30, 2017, requests the Regents of the University of California, with the approval of the Concurrence Committee, to establish and maintain cooperative endeavors designed to accomplish specified purposes related to teacher professional development.
This bill would include among the goals of these endeavors providing administrators, counselors, and teachers of students at certain schools with strategies for improving A–G course completion rates, college readiness, and college-going rates. This bill would also add the California College Readiness Project to the list of authorized endeavors and grant priority for admission to programs offered by the California College Readiness Project to school personnel employed by local educational agencies eligible for supplemental or concentration grant funding under the local control funding formula.
This bill would extend the operation of these provisions relating to teacher professional development indefinitely.
Existing policy of the Board of Admissions and Relations of the Academic Senate of the University of California allows pupils who, in addition to other criteria, graduate in the top 9% of their high school class to be granted admission into the University of California.
This bill would require the University of California, as a condition of Budget Act funding for specified enrollment increases, to develop an implementation plan to increase California resident admissions, significantly increase admissions for pupils enrolled in high schools with 75% or greater enrollment of pupils eligible for free or reduced-price meals, English learners, and foster youth, unduplicated pupils, and satisfy related objectives. This bill would also require the University of California, as a condition of Budget Act funding for specified enrollment increases, to annually report information related to these objectives to the appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature and the Department of Finance.
This bill would also make findings and declarations related to college readiness.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) Of the 6.2 million pupils enrolled in California public schools, 59 percent are low income.
(b) California’s high school graduation rate is 81 percent, but only 42 percent of high school graduates meet “A–G” course requirements, which are necessary for admission to California’s public universities.
(c) The Public Policy Institute of California reports that, in 2030, 38 percent of jobs will depend on workers with at least a bachelor degree, but only 33 percent of California workers will have one. Thus, the Public Policy Institute of California predicts that California will be short 1.1 million workers who have a bachelor degree by 2030.
(d) In 2013, California adopted the local control funding formula, which allocates the majority of state general funds to K–12 school districts. This formula acknowledges that low-income pupils, English learners, and foster youth need more resources to help them succeed in school.
(e) Research and statistics reveal that high schools that enroll a large percentage of low-income pupils, English learners, and foster youth generally do not offer the same number of rigorous courses, such as advanced placement or “A–G” courses, as high schools that enroll a smaller number of these pupils.
(f) All California high school students, regardless of income, ethnicity, or status, should have an equal opportunity to access rigorous coursework that will enable them to be eligible for admission to California’s public universities. All students must have the same opportunity to compete and succeed at the state’s university systems.
(g) California has the seventh largest economy in the world. In order for the state’s economy to grow and remain strong, the Legislature must ensure that more California students meet all college eligibility requirements and earn a bachelor degree.

SEC. 2.

 Section 33318.8 is added to the Education Code, to read:

33318.8.
 The department shall annually develop and post on its Internet Web site a list of high schools with 75 percent or greater enrollment of unduplicated pupils, as defined pursuant to Section 42238.02.

SEC. 3.

 Article 8 (commencing with Section 41580) is added to Chapter 3.2 of Part 24 of Division 3 of Title 2 of the Education Code, to read:
Article  8. K–12 College Readiness Block Grant

41580.
 The K–12 College Readiness Block Grant is hereby established for the purposes of preparing California’s high school pupils, particularly pupils who are traditionally underrepresented in the University of California and the California State University, including unduplicated pupils as defined in Section 42238.02, to be eligible for admission into a postsecondary institution, and increasing the four-year-college-going rates of these pupils. A school district or charter school shall expend funds under this article for any of the following purposes:
(a) Providing teachers, administrators, and counselors with professional development opportunities to improve pupil A–G completion rates, pupil college-going rates, and college readiness of pupils, including providing for the development of honors and Advanced Placement courses.
(b) Providing counseling services to pupils and their families regarding college admission requirements and financial aid programs.
(c) Developing or purchasing materials that support college readiness, including materials that support high performance on assessments required for admittance to a postsecondary institution.
(d) Developing comprehensive advising plans to support pupil completion of A–G requirements.
(e) Implementing collaborative partnerships between high schools and postsecondary institutions that support pupil transition to postsecondary education, including, but not limited to, strengthening existing partnerships with the University of California and the California State University to establish early academic outreach programs.
(f) Providing subsidies to unduplicated pupils, as defined in Section 42238.02, to pay fees for taking advanced placement exams.
(g) Expanding access to coursework or other opportunities to satisfy A–G requirements to all pupils, including, but not limited to, pupils enrolled in schools identified by the department pursuant to Section 33318.8. These opportunities may include, but shall not be limited to, new or expanded partnerships with other secondary or postsecondary institutions.

41581.
 As a condition for receiving funds under this article, a school district or charter school shall develop a plan describing how the funds will be spent and describing how funds will supplement and not supplant funding for existing programs and services to ensure college readiness. The plan shall include information regarding how it aligns with the school district’s local control and accountability plan required pursuant to Section 52060 or the charter school’s local control and accountability plan required pursuant to Sections 47605, 47605.5, and 47606.5. The plan shall also include a description of the extent to which all pupils within the district or charter school, particularly unduplicated pupils as defined in Section 42238.02, will have access to A–G courses approved by the University of California. In order to ensure community and stakeholder input, the plan shall be discussed at a regularly scheduled meeting by the governing board of the school district or governing body of the charter school and adopted at a subsequent regularly scheduled meeting.

41582.
 As a condition of receiving funds under this article, a school district or charter school shall report both of the following to the department:
(a) The number of pupils served under the block grant.
(b) The number of pupils admitted to a postsecondary institution, including the number of pupils admitted to the University of California and the California State University.

41583.
 The department shall compile the information reported to it pursuant to Section 41582 and submit a report to the appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature on or before April 30, 2017.

41584.
 (a) This article shall not be implemented unless funding is provided for this purpose in the annual Budget Act or another statute.
(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that funding shall be allocated to school districts and charter schools, with pupils who are traditionally underrepresented at four year universities and pupils who are unduplicated pupils as defined in Section 42238.02.

SEC. 4.

 Article 8 (commencing with Section 92680) is added to Chapter 6 of Part 57 of Division 9 of Title 3 of the Education Code, to read:
Article  8. Admissions for California Resident Students

92680.
 (a) As a condition of receiving funding in the annual Budget Act for the enrollment of more California resident students at the University of California than were required to be enrolled pursuant to the 2015 Budget Act, the University of California shall develop an implementation plan, including a timeline, to do all of the following:
(1) Ensure each University of California campus increases the admission of California resident undergraduate students and undergraduate students meeting the requirements set forth in Section 68130.5, admitted each year above those admitted in the 2015–16 academic year, and significantly increases the number of Local Control Funding Formula Plus students enrolled at high schools identified by the department pursuant to Section 33318.8. students.
(2) Enhance the information provided to admissions personnel reviewing university applications about Local Control Funding Formula Plus student applicants by identifying this status in those students’ application files.
(3) Using information about California high schools made available pursuant to Section 33318.8, direct all campuses to give supplemental consideration in the admissions process to Local Control Funding Formula Plus students consistent with University of California admission policy. For the purpose of this paragraph, all Local Control Funding Formula Plus students shall meet the same admission eligibility requirements as non-Local Control Funding Formula Plus students and the University of California shall comply with all state law affecting admissions.
(4) Identify resident Local Control Funding Formula Plus student applicants who have fulfilled minimum admission requirements but do not meet the criteria for guaranteed admission to the University of California through Statewide Admission or Eligibility in the Local Context as a high-priority group within the Entitled to Review pool of applicants.
(5) Examine the costs and benefits of extending the eligibility for an application fee waiver to high school graduates from high schools identified on the list developed by the department pursuant to Section 33318.8 and increase the total number of campuses covered under the fee waiver policy for this group of applicants.
(6) Expand targeted support and retention services for disadvantaged or underprepared students, pupils who are unduplicated pupils as defined in Section 42238.02, including enrolled Local Control Funding Formula Plus students who graduated from high schools identified by the department pursuant to Section 33318.8. students. These services shall include, but not be limited to, counseling on course planning and scheduling, tutoring, financial assistance that supplements but does not supplant existing institutional, federal or state financial aid programs, and any other services that facilitate these students’ successful completion of an undergraduate degree within four years.
(b) By September 1, 2018, and annually thereafter, as a condition of receiving funding in the annual Budget Act for the enrollment of more California resident students at the University of California than were required to be enrolled pursuant to the 2015 Budget Act, the University of California shall report to the appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature and the Department of Finance each of the following:
(1) The number and the percentage of Local Control Funding Formula Plus students as a proportion of the total resident first-time freshman admitted and enrolled for the 2016–17 academic year at the systemwide and campus level and a comparison of these figures to those for the prior academic year.
(2) The percentage of Local Control Funding Formula Plus students who were admitted, disaggregated by the admission policy pursuant to which they were admitted and the geographic region in which they reside, as determined by the location of the high schools from which the pupils graduated.
(3) The percentage of Local Control Funding Formula Plus students enrolled systemwide and at each campus who have earned sufficient course credits by the end of their first year of enrollment to indicate they are on track to complete a degree in four years.
(4) Information regarding targeted support and retention services offered at each campus to Local Control Funding Formula Plus students enrolled at the University of California to support positive student outcomes, including, but not limited to, completing a degree in four years and, to the extent possible, the number of students that were served in the 2016–17 academic year.
(5) To the extent possible, information on the reasons Local Control Funding Formula Plus students who were admitted to the University of California but did not subsequently enroll in any of the University of California campuses chose not to enroll. The intent of this paragraph is to gather information to better target resources to achieve a greater enrollment yield.
(c) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) “Local Control Funding Formula Plus students” means students enrolled in a high school identified pursuant to Section 33318.8.
(2) “Statewide Admission” is the guaranteed admission pathway for California resident high school students who are in the top 9 percent of all California high school graduates based on a sliding scale using the University of California grade point average in a specific pattern of courses and standardized test scores.
(3) “Eligibility in the Local Context” is the guaranteed admission pathway for California resident high school students who have earned at least a 3.0 grade point average in a specific pattern of courses and are in the top 9 percent of their participating California high school.
(4) “Entitled to Review” refers to the guarantee of a comprehensive review for California resident applicants to the University of California who meet minimum University of California admission requirements, which is not a guarantee of admission.

SEC. 5.

 Section 99200 of the Education Code is amended to read:

99200.
 (a) With funds appropriated therefor, and with the approval of the Concurrence Committee, the Regents of the University of California are requested to establish and maintain cooperative endeavors designed to accomplish the following:
(1) Develop and enhance teachers’ subject matter and content knowledge in the subject matter areas specified in Section 99201.
(2) Develop and enhance teachers’ instructional strategies to improve pupil learning and academic performance as measured against State Board of Education standards adopted pursuant to Sections 60605 and 60605.8 and, where applicable, to standards adopted pursuant to Section 60811 and any subsequently adopted standards.
(3) Provide teachers with instructional strategies for working with English learners.
(4) Provide teachers with instructional strategies for delivering career-oriented, integrated academic and technical content in a manner that is linked to high priority industry sectors identified in the California career technical education model curriculum standards as adopted by the State Board of Education. The Concurrence Committee, in consultation with the appropriate state entities, industry leaders, representatives of organized labor, educators, and other parties, shall determine the priority of industry sectors.
(5) Provide teachers with access to and opportunity to examine current research that is demonstrably linked to improved pupil learning and achievement as measured by performance levels on state tests administered pursuant to Section 60605, or any successor assessment system, or on English language development assessments developed, pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 60810) of Part 33 of Division 4 of Title 2, or any successor assessments, for English language learners.
(6) Maintain subject-specific professional communities that create and encourage ongoing opportunities for teacher collaboration, learning, and research.
(7) Develop and deploy as teacher leaders, teachers with demonstrated levels of expertise in the classroom and certifiable levels of content knowledge.
(8) Provide teachers with instructional strategies for ongoing collaboration on the delivery of career-oriented, integrated academic and technical content.
(9) Provide administrators, counselors, and teachers with strategies for improving A–G course completion rates, college-going rates, and college readiness of students who attend schools in local educational agencies eligible for supplemental or concentration grant funding under the local control funding formula established pursuant to Section 42238.02. The strategies shall address at least all of the following:
(A) The process for obtaining A–G course approval.
(B) Recommended course sequences for college admission.
(C) Financial aid application processes.
(D) Honors and Advanced Placement course development and instruction.
(b) The duties of the Concurrence Committee shall include, but need not be limited to, all of the following:
(1) Ensuring that the statewide and local subject matter projects comply with requirements of this chapter.
(2) Developing rules and regulations for the statewide subject matter projects.
(3) On or before January 1, 2020, providing a report on the subject matter projects, including the California College Readiness Project, to the Governor and to appropriate policy and fiscal committees of the Legislature. The report shall include, but need not be limited to, all of the following information, compiled for a four-year period:
(A) The number, and level of experience, of participants in each subject matter project.
(B) The total amount of funds expended, on an annual basis, for each subject matter project.
(C) An explanation of the type of professional development activities offered pursuant to each subject matter project, including the extent to which teachers were provided professional development focused on delivering career-oriented, integrated academic and technical content.
(D) A list of the name and location of each school affiliated with a subject matter project.
(c) (1) Grants to establish local sites of statewide subject matter projects shall be available to institutions of higher education, county offices of education, and school districts, or any combination thereof, with a subject matter proposal approved pursuant to this article.
(2) Once established, each subject matter project shall be administered by the University of California in cooperation with the Concurrence Committee.
(3) Local sites of statewide subject matter projects shall be distributed throughout the state so that elementary, secondary, and postsecondary school personnel located in rural, urban, and suburban areas may avail themselves of subject matter projects.
(4) School personnel employed by local educational agencies eligible for supplemental or concentration grant funding under the local control funding formula established pursuant to Section 42238.02 shall receive priority for admission to any programs offered by the California College Readiness Project.
(d) The Concurrence Committee shall be composed of individuals who are affiliated with leadership, management, or instruction in education or education policy entities, including educational expertise on instructional strategies for English learners and academic language acquisition. They shall be selected as follows:
(1) One representative selected by the Regents of the University of California.
(2) One representative selected by the Board of Trustees of the California State University.
(3) One representative selected by the State Board of Education, who has significant experience with direct classroom instruction.
(4) One representative selected by the Governor.
(5) One representative selected by the Superintendent of Public Instruction.
(6) One representative selected by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing.
(7) One representative selected by the Curriculum Development and Supplemental Materials Commission.
(8) One representative of the California Community Colleges selected by the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges.
(9) One representative of an independent postsecondary institution selected by the Association of Independent California Colleges and Universities.
(e) (1) The requirement for submitting a report pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (b) is inoperative on January 1, 2021, pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code.
(2) A report to be submitted pursuant to paragraph (3) of subdivision (b) shall be in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code.

SEC. 6.

 Section 99200.5 of the Education Code is amended to read:

99200.5.
 The statewide subject matter projects shall accomplish all of the following goals:
(a) Create opportunities for researchers, higher education faculty, and elementary and secondary school faculty to work together to accomplish all of the following:
(1) Identify exemplary teaching practices.
(2) Examine and develop research on learning, knowledge, and educational materials.
(3) Provide support to teachers to develop and enhance the content knowledge and pedagogical skills necessary to implement State Board of Education standards or curriculum frameworks adopted pursuant to Sections 51226, 60605, 60605.1, 60605.2, 60605.3, and 60605.8 and any subsequently adopted standards or curriculum frameworks.
(4) In partnership with the University of California Curriculum Integration Institute or other appropriate entities, provide teachers with support in the implementation of career-oriented, integrated academic and technical courses that meet course requirements for admission to the University of California and the California State University, and align with high-priority industry sectors as determined pursuant to paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 99200.
(b) Collect the necessary data to perform the evaluation required by subdivision (c) of Section 99200.
(c) Provide appropriate school personnel with support in the implementation of the strategies specified in paragraph (9) of subdivision (a) of Section 99200 to ensure that all students are afforded an opportunity to successfully meet the requirements for admission to the University of California and the California State University.

SEC. 7.

 Section 99201 of the Education Code is amended to read:

99201.
 The following subject matter projects shall be authorized pursuant to this chapter:
(a) The California Writing Project.
(b) The California Reading and Literature Project.
(c) The California Mathematics Project.
(d) The California Science Project.
(e) The California History-Social Science Project.
(f) The World History and International Studies Project.
(g) The California Physical Education-Health Project.
(h) The California Arts Project.
(i) The California World Language Project.
(j) The California College Readiness Project.

SEC. 8.

 Section 99206 of the Education Code is repealed.