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AB-154 Taxation: federal conformity.(2015-2016)

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AB154:v92#DOCUMENT

Assembly Bill No. 154
CHAPTER 359

An act to amend Sections 17024.5, 17053.46, 17053.47, 17053.74, 17088, 17144, 17215, 18155, 19138, 19141.5, 19164, 19167, 19183, 19772, 23622.7, 23622.8, 23646, 23701i, 24307, 24427, 24439, 24870, 24871, and 24990.5 of, to add Sections 17240, 17241, 17323, 19131.5, 24345.5, 24454, and 24459 to, and to repeal Sections 17131.7, 17131.12, 17131.14, 17134.1, 17201.1, 17280.1, 17322.1, 24452.1, and 24871.1 of, the Revenue and Taxation Code, relating to taxation, and declaring the urgency thereof, to take effect immediately.

[ Approved by Governor  September 30, 2015. Filed with Secretary of State  September 30, 2015. ]

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 154, Ting. Taxation: federal conformity.
Under the Personal Income Tax Law and the Corporation Tax Law, various provisions of the federal Internal Revenue Code, as enacted as of a specified date, are referenced in various sections of the Revenue and Taxation Code. Those laws provide that for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2010, the specified date of those referenced Internal Revenue Code sections is January 1, 2009, unless otherwise specifically provided. Existing law requires, for any introduced bill that proposes changes in any of those dates, that the Franchise Tax Board prepare a complete analysis of the bill that describes all changes to state law that will automatically occur by reference to federal law as of the changed date. It further requires the Franchise Tax Board to immediately update and supplement that analysis upon any amendment to the bill, and requires that analysis be made available to the public and be submitted to the Legislature for publication in the daily journal of each house of the Legislature.
This bill would change the specified date of those referenced Internal Revenue Code sections to January 1, 2015, for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, and thereby would make numerous substantive changes to both the Personal Income Tax Law and the Corporation Tax Law with respect to those areas of preexisting conformity that are subject to changes under federal laws enacted after January 1, 2009, and that have not been, or are not being, excepted or modified. This bill would make certain other changes in federal income tax laws applicable, with specified exceptions and modifications, and make specified supplemental, technical, or clarifying changes for purposes of the Personal Income Tax Law or the Corporation Tax Law, or both, or the administration of those laws, with respect to, among other things, tax credits, tax on specified distributions from Archer MSAs, income exclusions, reporting requirements, qualified tuition program investment direction, disclosure of information with respect to foreign financial assets, redemptions by foreign subsidiaries, listed property, extension of time for the payment of taxes, deductions for annual fees on branded prescription pharmaceutical manufacturers and importers, and penalty amounts related to understatements of tax or the failure to file specified returns or include specified information on returns.
This bill would also specify various dates on which specified provisions apply and repeal obsolete provisions.
This bill would declare that it is to take effect immediately as an urgency statute.
Vote: 2/3   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 17024.5 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

17024.5.
 (a) (1) Unless otherwise specifically provided, the terms “Internal Revenue Code,” “Internal Revenue Code of 1954,” or “Internal Revenue Code of 1986,” for purposes of this part, mean Title 26 of the United States Code, including all amendments thereto as enacted on the specified date for the applicable taxable year as follows:
Taxable Year

Specified Date of
Internal Revenue
Code Sections

(A) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1983, and on or before December
31, 1983 ........................
January 15, 1983
(B) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1984, and on or before December
31, 1984 ........................
January 1, 1984
(C) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1985, and on or before December
31, 1985 ........................
January 1, 1985
(D) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1986, and on or before December
31, 1986 ........................
January 1, 1986
(E) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1987, and on or before December
31, 1988 ........................
January 1, 1987
(F) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1989, and on or before December
31, 1989 ........................
January 1, 1989
(G) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1990, and on or before December
31, 1990 ........................
January 1, 1990
(H) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1991, and on or before December
31, 1991 ........................
January 1, 1991
(I) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1992, and on or before December
31, 1992 ........................
January 1, 1992
(J)  For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1993, and on or before December
31, 1996 ........................
January 1, 1993
(K) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1997, and on or before December
31, 1997 ........................
January 1, 1997
(L) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 1998, and on or before December
31, 2001 ........................
January 1, 1998
(M) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 2002, and on or before December
31, 2004 ........................
January 1, 2001
(N) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 2005, and on or before December
31, 2009 ........................
January 1, 2005
(O) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 2010, and on or before December
31, 2014 ........................
January 1, 2009
(P) For taxable years beginning on or after
January 1, 2015 ........................
January 1, 2015
(2) (A) Unless otherwise specifically provided, for federal laws enacted on or after January 1, 1987, and on or before the specified date for the taxable year, uncodified provisions that relate to provisions of the Internal Revenue Code that are incorporated for purposes of this part shall be applicable to the same taxable years as the incorporated provisions.
(B) In the case where Section 901 of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-16) applies to any provision of the Internal Revenue Code that is incorporated for purposes of this part, Section 901 of the Economic Growth and Tax Relief Act of 2001 shall apply for purposes of this part in the same manner and to the same taxable years as it applies for federal income tax purposes.
(3) Subtitle G (Tax Technical Corrections) and Part I of Subtitle H (Repeal of Expired or Obsolete Provisions) of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-508) modified numerous provisions of the Internal Revenue Code and provisions of prior federal acts, some of which are incorporated by reference into this part. Unless otherwise provided, the provisions described in the preceding sentence, to the extent that they modify provisions that are incorporated into this part, are declaratory of existing law and shall be applied in the same manner and for the same periods as specified in the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990.
(b) Unless otherwise specifically provided, when applying any provision of the Internal Revenue Code for purposes of this part, a reference to any of the following is not applicable for purposes of this part:
(1) Except as provided in Chapter 4.5 (commencing with Section 23800) of Part 11 of Division 2, an electing small business corporation, as defined in Section 1361(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(2) Domestic international sales corporations (DISC), as defined in Section 992(a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) A personal holding company, as defined in Section 542 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(4) A foreign personal holding company, as defined in Section 552 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(5) A foreign investment company, as defined in Section 1246(b) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(6) A foreign trust, as defined in Section 679 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(7) Foreign income taxes and foreign income tax credits.
(8) Section 911 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to citizens or residents of the United States living abroad.
(9) A foreign corporation, except that Section 367 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable.
(10) Federal tax credits and carryovers of federal tax credits.
(11) Nonresident aliens.
(12) Deduction for personal exemptions, as provided in Section 151 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(13) The tax on generation-skipping transfers imposed by Section 2601 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(14) The tax, relating to estates, imposed by Section 2001 or 2101 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(c) (1) The provisions contained in Sections 41 to 44, inclusive, and Section 172 of the Tax Reform Act of 1984 (Public Law 98-369), relating to treatment of debt instruments, is not applicable for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987.
(2) The provisions contained in Public Law 99-121, relating to the treatment of debt instruments, is not applicable for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987.
(3) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1987, the provisions referred to by paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be applicable for purposes of this part in the same manner and with respect to the same obligations as the federal provisions, except as otherwise provided in this part.
(d) When applying the Internal Revenue Code for purposes of this part, regulations promulgated in final form or issued as temporary regulations by “the secretary” shall be applicable as regulations under this part to the extent that they do not conflict with this part or with regulations issued by the Franchise Tax Board.
(e) Whenever this part allows a taxpayer to make an election, the following rules shall apply:
(1) A proper election filed with the Internal Revenue Service in accordance with the Internal Revenue Code or regulations issued by “the secretary” shall be deemed to be a proper election for purposes of this part, unless otherwise provided in this part or in regulations issued by the Franchise Tax Board.
(2) A copy of that election shall be furnished to the Franchise Tax Board upon request.
(3) (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), in order to obtain treatment other than that elected for federal purposes, a separate election shall be filed at the time and in the manner required by the Franchise Tax Board.
(B) (i) If a taxpayer makes a proper election for federal income tax purposes prior to the time that taxpayer becomes subject to the tax imposed under this part or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), that taxpayer is deemed to have made the same election for purposes of the tax imposed by this part, Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401), and Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), as applicable, and that taxpayer may not make a separate election for California tax purposes unless that separate election is expressly authorized by this part, Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401), or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), or by regulations issued by the Franchise Tax Board.
(ii) If a taxpayer has not made a proper election for federal income tax purposes prior to the time that taxpayer becomes subject to tax under this part or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), that taxpayer may not make a separate California election for purposes of this part, Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401), or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), unless that separate election is expressly authorized by this part, Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401), or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), or by regulations issued by the Franchise Tax Board.
(iii) This subparagraph applies only to the extent that the provisions of the Internal Revenue Code or the regulation issued by “the secretary” authorizing an election for federal income tax purposes apply for purposes of this part, Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401) or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001).
(f) Whenever this part allows or requires a taxpayer to file an application or seek consent, the rules set forth in subdivision (e) shall be applicable with respect to that application or consent.
(g) When applying the Internal Revenue Code for purposes of determining the statute of limitations under this part, any reference to a period of three years shall be modified to read four years for purposes of this part.
(h) When applying, for purposes of this part, any section of the Internal Revenue Code or any applicable regulation thereunder, all of the following shall apply:
(1) References to “adjusted gross income” shall mean the amount computed in accordance with Section 17072, except as provided in paragraph (2).
(2) (A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), references to “adjusted gross income” for purposes of computing limitations based upon adjusted gross income, shall mean the amount required to be shown as adjusted gross income on the federal tax return for the same taxable year.
(B) In the case of registered domestic partners and former registered domestic partners, adjusted gross income, for the purposes of computing limitations based upon adjusted gross income, shall mean the adjusted gross income on a federal tax return computed as if the registered domestic partner or former registered domestic partner was treated as a spouse or former spouse, respectively, for federal income tax purposes, and used the same filing status that was used on the state tax return for the same taxable year.
(3) Any reference to “subtitle” or “chapter” shall mean this part.
(4) The provisions of Section 7806 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to construction of title, shall apply.
(5) Any provision of the Internal Revenue Code that becomes operative on or after the specified date for that taxable year shall become operative on the same date for purposes of this part.
(6) Any provision of the Internal Revenue Code that becomes inoperative on or after the specified date for that taxable year shall become inoperative on the same date for purposes of this part.
(7) Due account shall be made for differences in federal and state terminology, effective dates, substitution of “Franchise Tax Board” for “secretary” when appropriate, and other obvious differences.
(8) Except as otherwise provided, any reference to Section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be interpreted to also refer to Section 23701.
(i) Any reference to a specific provision of the Internal Revenue Code shall include modifications of that provision, if any, in this part.

SEC. 2.

 Section 17053.46 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

17053.46.
 (a) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1995, there shall be allowed as a credit against the “net tax” (as defined in Section 17039) to a qualified taxpayer for hiring a qualified disadvantaged individual or a qualified displaced employee during the taxable year for employment in the LAMBRA. The credit shall be equal to the sum of each of the following:
(1) Fifty percent of the qualified wages in the first year of employment.
(2) Forty percent of the qualified wages in the second year of employment.
(3) Thirty percent of the qualified wages in the third year of employment.
(4) Twenty percent of the qualified wages in the fourth year of employment.
(5) Ten percent of the qualified wages in the fifth year of employment.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Qualified wages” means:
(A) That portion of wages paid or incurred by the employer during the taxable year to qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees that does not exceed 150 percent of the minimum wage.
(B) The total amount of qualified wages which may be taken into account for purposes of claiming the credit allowed under this section shall not exceed two million dollars ($2,000,000) per taxable year.
(C) Wages received during the 60-month period beginning with the first day the individual commences employment with the taxpayer. Reemployment in connection with any increase, including a regularly occurring seasonal increase, in the trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer does not constitute commencement of employment for purposes of this section.
(D) Qualified wages do not include any wages paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer on or after the LAMBRA expiration date. However, wages paid or incurred with respect to qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the LAMBRA within the 60-month period prior to the LAMBRA expiration date shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section after the LAMBRA expiration date, in accordance with all provisions of this section applied as if the LAMBRA designation were still in existence and binding.
(2) “Minimum wage” means the wage established by the Industrial Welfare Commission as provided for in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1171) of Part 4 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.
(3) “LAMBRA” means a local agency military base recovery area designated in accordance with Section 7114 of the Government Code.
(4) “Qualified disadvantaged individual” means an individual who satisfies all of the following requirements:
(A) (i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the taxpayer’s trade or business located in a LAMBRA.
(ii) Who performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the taxpayer during the taxable year in the LAMBRA.
(B) Who is hired by the employer after the designation of the area as a LAMBRA in which the individual’s services were primarily performed.
(C) Who is any of the following immediately preceding the individual’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer:
(i) An individual who has been determined eligible for services under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. Sec. 1501 et seq.).
(ii) Any voluntary or mandatory registrant under the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985 as provided pursuant to Article 3.2 (commencing with Section 11320) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(iii) An economically disadvantaged individual age 16 years or older.
(iv) A dislocated worker who meets any of the following conditions:
(I) Has been terminated or laid off or who has received a notice of termination or layoff from employment, is eligible for or has exhausted entitlement to unemployment insurance benefits, and is unlikely to return to his or her previous industry or occupation.
(II) Has been terminated or has received a notice of termination of employment as a result of any permanent closure or any substantial layoff at a plant, facility, or enterprise, including an individual who has not received written notification but whose employer has made a public announcement of the closure or layoff.
(III) Is long-term unemployed and has limited opportunities for employment or reemployment in the same or a similar occupation in the area in which the individual resides, including an individual 55 years of age or older who may have substantial barriers to employment by reason of age.
(IV) Was self-employed (including farmers and ranchers) and is unemployed as a result of general economic conditions in the community in which he or she resides or because of natural disasters.
(V) Was a civilian employee of the Department of Defense employed at a military installation being closed or realigned under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990.
(VI) Was an active member of the Armed Forces or National Guard as of September 30, 1990, and was either involuntarily separated or separated pursuant to a special benefits program.
(VII) Experiences chronic seasonal unemployment and underemployment in the agriculture industry, aggravated by continual advancements in technology and mechanization.
(VIII) Has been terminated or laid off or has received a notice of termination or layoff as a consequence of compliance with the Clean Air Act.
(v) An individual who is enrolled in or has completed a state rehabilitation plan or is a service-connected disabled veteran, veteran of the Vietnam era, or veteran who is recently separated from military service.
(vi) An ex-offender. An individual shall be treated as convicted if he or she was placed on probation by a state court without a finding of guilty.
(vii) A recipient of:
(I) Federal Supplemental Security Income benefits.
(II) Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
(III) CalFresh benefits.
(IV) State and local general assistance.
(viii) Is a member of a federally recognized Indian tribe, band, or other group of Native American descent.
(5) “Qualified taxpayer” means a taxpayer or partnership that conducts a trade or business within a LAMBRA and, for the first two taxable years, has a net increase in jobs (defined as 2,000 paid hours per employee per year) of one or more employees in the LAMBRA.
(A) The net increase in the number of jobs shall be determined by subtracting the total number of full-time employees (defined as 2,000 paid hours per employee per year) the taxpayer employed in this state in the taxable year prior to commencing business operations in the LAMBRA from the total number of full-time employees the taxpayer employed in this state during the second taxable year after commencing business operations in the LAMBRA. For taxpayers who commence doing business in this state with their LAMBRA business operation, the number of employees for the taxable year prior to commencing business operations in the LAMBRA shall be zero. If the taxpayer has a net increase in jobs in the state, the credit shall be allowed only if one or more full-time employees is employed within the LAMBRA.
(B) The total number of employees employed in the LAMBRA shall equal the sum of both of the following:
(i) The total number of hours worked in the LAMBRA for the taxpayer by employees (not to exceed 2,000 hours per employee) who are paid an hourly wage divided by 2,000.
(ii) The total number of months worked in the LAMBRA for the taxpayer by employees who are salaried employees divided by 12.
(C) In the case of a taxpayer who first commences doing business in the LAMBRA during the taxable year, for purposes of clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, of subparagraph (B), the divisors “2,000” and “12” shall be multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of months of the taxable year that the taxpayer was doing business in the LAMBRA and the denominator of which is 12.
(6) “Qualified displaced employee” means an individual who satisfies all of the following requirements:
(A) Any civilian or military employee of a base or former base who has been displaced as a result of a federal base closure act.
(B) (i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the taxpayer’s trade or business located in a LAMBRA.
(ii) Who performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the taxpayer during the taxable year in a LAMBRA.
(C) Who is hired by the employer after the designation of the area in which services were performed as a LAMBRA.
(7) “Seasonal employment” means employment by a qualified taxpayer that has regular and predictable substantial reductions in trade or business operations.
(8) “LAMBRA expiration date” means the date the LAMBRA designation expires, is no longer binding, becomes inoperative, or is repealed.
(c) For qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees hired on or after January 1, 2001, the taxpayer shall do both of the following:
(1) Obtain from the Employment Development Department, as permitted by federal law, the local county or city Job Training Partnership Act administrative entity, the local county GAIN office or social services agency, or the local government administering the LAMBRA, a certification that provides that a qualified disadvantaged individual or qualified displaced employee meets the eligibility requirements specified in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) or subparagraph (A) of paragraph (6) of subdivision (b). The Employment Development Department may provide preliminary screening and referral to a certifying agency. The Department of Housing and Community Development shall develop regulations governing the issuance of certificates pursuant to Section 7114.2 of the Government Code and shall develop forms for this purpose.
(2) Retain a copy of the certification and provide it upon request to the Franchise Tax Board.
(d) (1) For purposes of this section, both of the following apply:
(A) All employees of trades or businesses that are under common control shall be treated as employed by a single employer.
(B) The credit (if any) allowable by this section with respect to each trade or business shall be determined by reference to its proportionate share of the qualified wages giving rise to the credit.
The regulations prescribed under this paragraph shall be based on principles similar to the principles that apply in the case of controlled groups of corporations as specified in subdivision (e) of Section 23622.
(2) If an employer acquires the major portion of a trade or business of another employer (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the “predecessor”) or the major portion of a separate unit of a trade or business of a predecessor, then, for purposes of applying this section (other than subdivision (d)) for any calendar year ending after that acquisition, the employment relationship between an employee and an employer shall not be treated as terminated if the employee continues to be employed in that trade or business.
(e) (1) (A) If the employment, other than seasonal employment, of any employee, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a), is terminated by the taxpayer at any time during the first 270 days of that employment (whether or not consecutive) or before the close of the 270th calendar day after the day in which that employee completes 90 days of employment with the taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part for the taxable year in which that employment is terminated shall be increased by an amount (determined under those regulations) equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that employee.
(B) If the seasonal employment of any qualified disadvantaged individual, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a), is not continued by the qualified taxpayer for a period of 270 days of employment during the 60-month period beginning with the day the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part, for the taxable year that includes the 60th month following the month in which the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(2) (A) Subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A termination of employment of an employee who voluntarily leaves the employment of the taxpayer.
(ii) A termination of employment of an individual who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled to perform the services of that employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the taxpayer fails to offer reemployment to that individual.
(iii) A termination of employment of an individual, if it is determined that the termination was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that individual.
(iv) A termination of employment of an individual due to a substantial reduction in the trade or business operations of the taxpayer.
(v) A termination of employment of an individual, if that individual is replaced by other qualified employees so as to create a net increase in both the number of employees and the hours of employment.
(B) Subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who voluntarily fails to return to the seasonal employment of the qualified taxpayer.
(ii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that seasonal employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the qualified taxpayer fails to offer seasonal employment to that individual.
(iii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if it is determined that the failure to continue the seasonal employment was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(iv) A failure to continue seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual due to a substantial reduction in the regular seasonal trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer.
(v) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if that individual is replaced by other qualified displaced employees so as to create a net increase in both the number of seasonal employees and the hours of seasonal employment.
(C) For purposes of paragraph (1), the employment relationship between the taxpayer and an employee shall not be treated as terminated by reason of a mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business of the taxpayer, if the employee continues to be employed in that trade or business and the taxpayer retains a substantial interest in that trade or business.
(3) Any increase in tax under paragraph (1) shall not be treated as tax imposed by this part for purposes of determining the amount of any credit allowable under this part.
(4) At the close of the second taxable year, if the taxpayer has not increased the number of its employees as determined by paragraph (5) of subdivision (b), then the amount of the credit previously claimed shall be added to the taxpayer’s net tax for the taxpayer’s second taxable year.
(f) In the case of an estate or trust, both of the following apply:
(1) The qualified wages for any taxable year shall be apportioned between the estate or trust and the beneficiaries on the basis of the income of the estate or trust allocable to each.
(2) Any beneficiary to whom any qualified wages have been apportioned under paragraph (1) shall be treated (for purposes of this part) as the employer with respect to those wages.
(g) The credit shall be reduced by the credit allowed under Section 17053.7. The credit shall also be reduced by the federal credit allowed under Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-343).
In addition, any deduction otherwise allowed under this part for the wages or salaries paid or incurred by the taxpayer upon which the credit is based shall be reduced by the amount of the credit, prior to any reduction required by subdivision (h) or (i).
(h) In the case where the credit otherwise allowed under this section exceeds the “net tax” for the taxable year, that portion of the credit that exceeds the “net tax” may be carried over and added to the credit, if any, in the succeeding 10 taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted. The credit shall be applied first to the earliest taxable years possible.
(i) (1) The amount of credit otherwise allowed under this section and Section 17053.45, including prior year credit carryovers, that may reduce the “net tax” for the taxable year shall not exceed the amount of tax that would be imposed on the taxpayer’s business income attributed to a LAMBRA determined as if that attributed income represented all of the net income of the taxpayer subject to tax under this part.
(2) Attributable income shall be that portion of the taxpayer’s California source business income that is apportioned to the LAMBRA. For that purpose, the taxpayer’s business income that is attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101) of Part 11. That business income shall be further apportioned to the LAMBRA in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17 of Part 11, modified for purposes of this section in accordance with paragraph (3).
(3) Income shall be apportioned to a LAMBRA by multiplying the total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two. For purposes of this paragraph:
(A) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the LAMBRA during the taxable year, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year.
(B) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the LAMBRA during the taxable year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year.
(4) The portion of any credit remaining, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over to succeeding taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “net tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (h). However, the portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “net tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (h).
(j) If the taxpayer is allowed a credit pursuant to this section for qualified wages paid or incurred, only one credit shall be allowed to the taxpayer under this part with respect to any wage consisting in whole or in part of those qualified wages.
(k) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall cease to be operative on January 1, 2014, and shall be repealed on December 1, 2019. A credit shall not be allowed under this section with respect to an employee who first commences employment with a qualified taxpayer on or after January 1, 2014.
(2) This section shall continue to apply with respect to qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the LAMBRA within the 60-month period immediately preceding January 1, 2014, and qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to those qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, in accordance with this section, as amended by the act adding this subdivision.

SEC. 3.

 Section 17053.47 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

17053.47.
 (a) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1998, there shall be allowed a credit against the “net tax” (as defined in Section 17039) to a qualified taxpayer for hiring a qualified disadvantaged individual during the taxable year for employment in the manufacturing enhancement area. The credit shall be equal to the sum of each of the following:
(1) Fifty percent of the qualified wages in the first year of employment.
(2) Forty percent of the qualified wages in the second year of employment.
(3) Thirty percent of the qualified wages in the third year of employment.
(4) Twenty percent of the qualified wages in the fourth year of employment.
(5) Ten percent of the qualified wages in the fifth year of employment.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Qualified wages” means:
(A) That portion of wages paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer during the taxable year to qualified disadvantaged individuals that does not exceed 150 percent of the minimum wage.
(B) The total amount of qualified wages which may be taken into account for purposes of claiming the credit allowed under this section shall not exceed two million dollars ($2,000,000) per taxable year.
(C) Wages received during the 60-month period beginning with the first day the qualified disadvantaged individual commences employment with the qualified taxpayer. Reemployment in connection with any increase, including a regularly occurring seasonal increase, in the trade or business operations of the taxpayer does not constitute commencement of employment for purposes of this section.
(D) Qualified wages do not include any wages paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer on or after the manufacturing enhancement area expiration date. However, wages paid or incurred with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the manufacturing enhancement area within the 60-month period prior to the manufacturing enhancement area expiration date shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section after the manufacturing enhancement area expiration date, in accordance with all provisions of this section applied as if the manufacturing enhancement area designation were still in existence and binding.
(2) “Minimum wage” means the wage established by the Industrial Welfare Commission as provided for in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1171) of Part 4 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.
(3) “Manufacturing enhancement area” means an area designated pursuant to Section 7073.8 of the Government Code according to the procedures of Chapter 12.8 (commencing with Section 7070) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.
(4) “Manufacturing enhancement area expiration date” means the date the manufacturing enhancement area designation expires, is no longer binding, becomes inoperative, or is repealed.
(5) “Qualified disadvantaged individual” means an individual who satisfies all of the following requirements:
(A) (i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the qualified taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the qualified taxpayer’s trade or business located in a manufacturing enhancement area.
(ii) Who performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the qualified taxpayer during the taxable year in the manufacturing enhancement area.
(B) Who is hired by the qualified taxpayer after the designation of the area as a manufacturing enhancement area in which the individual’s services were primarily performed.
(C) Who is any of the following immediately preceding the individual’s commencement of employment with the qualified taxpayer:
(i) An individual who has been determined eligible for services under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. Sec. 1501 et seq.), or its successor.
(ii) Any voluntary or mandatory registrant under the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985, or its successor, as provided pursuant to Article 3.2 (commencing with Section 11320) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(iii) Any individual who has been certified eligible by the Employment Development Department under the federal Targeted Jobs Tax Credit Program, or its successor, whether or not this program is in effect.
(6) “Qualified taxpayer” means any taxpayer engaged in a trade or business within a manufacturing enhancement area designated pursuant to Section 7073.8 of the Government Code and who meets all of the following requirements:
(A) Is engaged in those lines of business described in Codes 0211 to 0291, inclusive, Code 0723, or in Codes 2011 to 3999, inclusive, of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition.
(B) At least 50 percent of the qualified taxpayer’s workforce hired after the designation of the manufacturing enhancement area is composed of individuals who, at the time of hire, are residents of the county in which the manufacturing enhancement area is located.
(C) Of this percentage of local hires, at least 30 percent shall be qualified disadvantaged individuals.
(7) “Seasonal employment” means employment by a qualified taxpayer that has regular and predictable substantial reductions in trade or business operations.
(c) (1) For purposes of this section, all of the following apply:
(A) All employees of trades or businesses that are under common control shall be treated as employed by a single qualified taxpayer.
(B) The credit (if any) allowable by this section with respect to each trade or business shall be determined by reference to its proportionate share of the expense of the qualified wages giving rise to the credit and shall be allocated in that manner.
(C) Principles that apply in the case of controlled groups of corporations, as specified in subdivision (d) of Section 23622.7, shall apply with respect to determining employment.
(2) If a qualified taxpayer acquires the major portion of a trade or business of another employer (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the “predecessor”) or the major portion of a separate unit of a trade or business of a predecessor, then, for purposes of applying this section (other than subdivision (d)) for any calendar year ending after that acquisition, the employment relationship between a qualified disadvantaged individual and a qualified taxpayer shall not be treated as terminated if the qualified disadvantaged individual continues to be employed in that trade or business.
(d) (1) (A) If the employment, other than seasonal employment, of any qualified disadvantaged individual, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (b) is terminated by the qualified taxpayer at any time during the first 270 days of that employment (whether or not consecutive) or before the close of the 270th calendar day after the day in which that qualified disadvantaged individual completes 90 days of employment with the qualified taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part for the taxable year in which that employment is terminated shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(B) If the seasonal employment of any qualified disadvantaged individual, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a) is not continued by the qualified taxpayer for a period of 270 days of employment during the 60-month period beginning with the day the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part, for the taxable year that includes the 60th month following the month in which the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(2) (A) Subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) does not apply to any of the following:
(i) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who voluntarily leaves the employment of the qualified taxpayer.
(ii) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled to perform the services of that employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the taxpayer fails to offer reemployment to that individual.
(iii) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if it is determined that the termination was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that individual.
(iv) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual due to a substantial reduction in the trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer.
(v) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if that individual is replaced by other qualified disadvantaged individuals so as to create a net increase in both the number of employees and the hours of employment.
(B) Subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who voluntarily fails to return to the seasonal employment of the qualified taxpayer.
(ii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that seasonal employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the qualified taxpayer fails to offer seasonal employment to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(iii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if it is determined that the failure to continue the seasonal employment was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(iv) A failure to continue seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual due to a substantial reduction in the regular seasonal trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer.
(v) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if that qualified disadvantaged individual is replaced by other qualified disadvantaged individuals so as to create a net increase in both the number of seasonal employees and the hours of seasonal employment.
(C) For purposes of paragraph (1), the employment relationship between the qualified taxpayer and a qualified disadvantaged individual shall not be treated as terminated by reason of a mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business of the qualified taxpayer, if the qualified disadvantaged individual continues to be employed in that trade or business and the qualified taxpayer retains a substantial interest in that trade or business.
(3) Any increase in tax under paragraph (1) shall not be treated as tax imposed by this part for purposes of determining the amount of any credit allowable under this part.
(e) In the case of an estate or trust, both of the following apply:
(1) The qualified wages for any taxable year shall be apportioned between the estate or trust and the beneficiaries on the basis of the income of the estate or trust allocable to each.
(2) Any beneficiary to whom any qualified wages have been apportioned under paragraph (1) shall be treated (for purposes of this part) as the employer with respect to those wages.
(f) The credit shall be reduced by the credit allowed under Section 17053.7. The credit shall also be reduced by the federal credit allowed under Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-343).
In addition, any deduction otherwise allowed under this part for the wages or salaries paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer upon which the credit is based shall be reduced by the amount of the credit, prior to any reduction required by subdivision (g) or (h).
(g) In the case where the credit otherwise allowed under this section exceeds the “net tax” for the taxable year, that portion of the credit that exceeds the “net tax” may be carried over and added to the credit, if any, in the succeeding 10 taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted. The credit shall be applied first to the earliest taxable years possible.
(h) (1) The amount of credit otherwise allowed under this section, including prior year credit carryovers, that may reduce the “net tax” for the taxable year shall not exceed the amount of tax that would be imposed on the qualified taxpayer’s business income attributed to a manufacturing enhancement area determined as if that attributed income represented all of the net income of the qualified taxpayer subject to tax under this part.
(2) Attributable income shall be that portion of the taxpayer’s California source business income that is apportioned to the manufacturing enhancement area. For that purpose, the taxpayer’s business income that is attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101) of Part 11. That business income shall be further apportioned to the manufacturing enhancement area in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17 of Part 11, modified for purposes of this section in accordance with paragraph (3).
(3) Income shall be apportioned to a manufacturing enhancement area by multiplying the total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two. For purposes of this paragraph:
(A) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the manufacturing enhancement area during the taxable year, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year.
(B) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the manufacturing enhancement area during the taxable year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year.
(4) The portion of any credit remaining, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over to succeeding taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “net tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (g). However, the portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “net tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (g).
(i) If the taxpayer is allowed a credit pursuant to this section for qualified wages paid or incurred, only one credit shall be allowed to the taxpayer under this part with respect to any wage consisting in whole or in part of those qualified wages.
(j) The qualified taxpayer shall do both of the following:
(1) Obtain from the Employment Development Department, as permitted by federal law, the local county or city Job Training Partnership Act administrative entity, the local county GAIN office or social services agency, or the local government administering the manufacturing enhancement area, a certification that provides that a qualified disadvantaged individual meets the eligibility requirements specified in paragraph (5) of subdivision (b). The Employment Development Department may provide preliminary screening and referral to a certifying agency. The Department of Housing and Community Development shall develop regulations governing the issuance of certificates pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 7086 of the Government Code and shall develop forms for this purpose.
(2) Retain a copy of the certification and provide it upon request to the Franchise Tax Board.
(k) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall cease to be operative for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, and shall be repealed on December 1, 2019.
(2) The section shall continue to apply with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the manufacturing enhancement area within the 60-month period immediately preceding January 1, 2014, and qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to those qualified employees shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, in accordance with the provisions of this section, as amended by the act adding this subdivision.

SEC. 4.

 Section 17053.74 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

17053.74.
 (a) There shall be allowed a credit against the “net tax” (as defined in Section 17039) to a taxpayer who employs a qualified employee in an enterprise zone during the taxable year. The credit shall be equal to the sum of each of the following:
(1) Fifty percent of qualified wages in the first year of employment.
(2) Forty percent of qualified wages in the second year of employment.
(3) Thirty percent of qualified wages in the third year of employment.
(4) Twenty percent of qualified wages in the fourth year of employment.
(5) Ten percent of qualified wages in the fifth year of employment.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Qualified wages” means:
(A) (i) Except as provided in clause (ii), that portion of wages paid or incurred by the taxpayer during the taxable year to qualified employees that does not exceed 150 percent of the minimum wage.
(ii) For up to 1,350 qualified employees who are employed by the taxpayer in the Long Beach Enterprise Zone in aircraft manufacturing activities described in Codes 3721 to 3728, inclusive, and Code 3812 of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition, “qualified wages” means that portion of hourly wages that does not exceed 202 percent of the minimum wage.
(B) Wages received during the 60-month period beginning with the first day the employee commences employment with the taxpayer. Reemployment in connection with any increase, including a regularly occurring seasonal increase, in the trade or business operations of the taxpayer does not constitute commencement of employment for purposes of this section.
(C) Qualified wages do not include any wages paid or incurred by the taxpayer on or after the zone expiration date. However, wages paid or incurred with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the taxpayer within the enterprise zone within the 60-month period prior to the zone expiration date shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section after the zone expiration date, in accordance with all provisions of this section applied as if the enterprise zone designation were still in existence and binding.
(2) “Minimum wage” means the wage established by the Industrial Welfare Commission as provided for in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1171) of Part 4 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.
(3) “Zone expiration date” means the date the enterprise zone designation expires, is no longer binding, becomes inoperative, or is repealed.
(4) (A) “Qualified employee” means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:
(i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the taxpayer’s trade or business located in an enterprise zone.
(ii) Performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the taxpayer during the taxable year in an enterprise zone.
(iii) Is hired by the taxpayer after the date of original designation of the area in which services were performed as an enterprise zone.
(iv) Is any of the following:
(I) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a person eligible for services under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. Sec. 1501 et seq.), or its successor, who is receiving, or is eligible to receive, subsidized employment, training, or services funded by the federal Job Training Partnership Act, or its successor.
(II) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a person eligible to be a voluntary or mandatory registrant under the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985 (GAIN) provided for pursuant to Article 3.2 (commencing with Section 11320) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, or its successor.
(III) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was an economically disadvantaged individual 14 years of age or older.
(IV) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a dislocated worker who meets any of the following:
(aa) Has been terminated or laid off or who has received a notice of termination or layoff from employment, is eligible for or has exhausted entitlement to unemployment insurance benefits, and is unlikely to return to his or her previous industry or occupation.
(bb) Has been terminated or has received a notice of termination of employment as a result of any permanent closure or any substantial layoff at a plant, facility, or enterprise, including an individual who has not received written notification but whose employer has made a public announcement of the closure or layoff.
(cc) Is long-term unemployed and has limited opportunities for employment or reemployment in the same or a similar occupation in the area in which the individual resides, including an individual 55 years of age or older who may have substantial barriers to employment by reason of age.
(dd) Was self-employed (including farmers and ranchers) and is unemployed as a result of general economic conditions in the community in which he or she resides or because of natural disasters.
(ee) Was a civilian employee of the Department of Defense employed at a military installation being closed or realigned under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990.
(ff) Was an active member of the armed forces or National Guard as of September 30, 1990, and was either involuntarily separated or separated pursuant to a special benefits program.
(gg) Is a seasonal or migrant worker who experiences chronic seasonal unemployment and underemployment in the agriculture industry, aggravated by continual advancements in technology and mechanization.
(hh) Has been terminated or laid off, or has received a notice of termination or layoff, as a consequence of compliance with the Clean Air Act.
(V) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a disabled individual who is eligible for or enrolled in, or has completed a state rehabilitation plan or is a service-connected disabled veteran, veteran of the Vietnam era, or veteran who is recently separated from military service.
(VI) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was an ex-offender. An individual shall be treated as convicted if he or she was placed on probation by a state court without a finding of guilt.
(VII) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a person eligible for or a recipient of any of the following:
(aa) Federal Supplemental Security Income benefits.
(bb) Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
(cc) CalFresh benefits.
(dd) State and local general assistance.
(VIII) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a member of a federally recognized Indian tribe, band, or other group of Native American descent.
(IX) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a resident of a targeted employment area, as defined in Section 7072 of the Government Code.
(X) An employee who qualified the taxpayer for the enterprise zone hiring credit under former Section 17053.8 or the program area hiring credit under former Section 17053.11.
(XI) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a member of a targeted group, as defined in Section 51(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, or its successor.
(B) Priority for employment shall be provided to an individual who is enrolled in a qualified program under the federal Job Training Partnership Act or the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985 or who is eligible as a member of a targeted group under the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code), or its successor.
(5) “Taxpayer” means a person or entity engaged in a trade or business within an enterprise zone designated pursuant to Chapter 12.8 (commencing with Section 7070) of the Government Code.
(6) “Seasonal employment” means employment by a taxpayer that has regular and predictable substantial reductions in trade or business operations.
(c) The taxpayer shall do both of the following:
(1) Obtain from the Employment Development Department, as permitted by federal law, the local county or city Job Training Partnership Act administrative entity, the local county GAIN office or social services agency, or the local government administering the enterprise zone, a certification which provides that a qualified employee meets the eligibility requirements specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (b). The Employment Development Department may provide preliminary screening and referral to a certifying agency. The Employment Development Department shall develop a form for this purpose. The Department of Housing and Community Development shall develop regulations governing the issuance of certificates by local governments pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 7086 of the Government Code.
(2) Retain a copy of the certification and provide it upon request to the Franchise Tax Board.
(d) (1) For purposes of this section:
(A) All employees of trades or businesses, which are not incorporated, that are under common control shall be treated as employed by a single taxpayer.
(B) The credit, if any, allowable by this section with respect to each trade or business shall be determined by reference to its proportionate share of the expense of the qualified wages giving rise to the credit, and shall be allocated in that manner.
(C) Principles that apply in the case of controlled groups of corporations, as specified in subdivision (d) of Section 23622.7, shall apply with respect to determining employment.
(2) If an employer acquires the major portion of a trade or business of another employer (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the “predecessor”) or the major portion of a separate unit of a trade or business of a predecessor, then, for purposes of applying this section (other than subdivision (e)) for any calendar year ending after that acquisition, the employment relationship between a qualified employee and an employer shall not be treated as terminated if the employee continues to be employed in that trade or business.
(e) (1) (A) If the employment, other than seasonal employment, of any qualified employee, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a), is terminated by the taxpayer at any time during the first 270 days of that employment (whether or not consecutive) or before the close of the 270th calendar day after the day in which that employee completes 90 days of employment with the taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part for the taxable year in which that employment is terminated shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that employee.
(B) If the seasonal employment of any qualified employee, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a), is not continued by the taxpayer for a period of 270 days of employment during the 60-month period beginning with the day the qualified employee commences seasonal employment with the taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part, for the taxable year that includes the 60th month following the month in which the qualified employee commences seasonal employment with the taxpayer, shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified employee.
(2) (A) Subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A termination of employment of a qualified employee who voluntarily leaves the employment of the taxpayer.
(ii) A termination of employment of a qualified employee who, before the close of the period referred to in paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the taxpayer fails to offer reemployment to that employee.
(iii) A termination of employment of a qualified employee, if it is determined that the termination was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that employee.
(iv) A termination of employment of a qualified employee due to a substantial reduction in the trade or business operations of the taxpayer.
(v) A termination of employment of a qualified employee, if that employee is replaced by other qualified employees so as to create a net increase in both the number of employees and the hours of employment.
(B) Subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee who voluntarily fails to return to the seasonal employment of the taxpayer.
(ii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that seasonal employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the taxpayer fails to offer seasonal employment to that qualified employee.
(iii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee, if it is determined that the failure to continue the seasonal employment was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that qualified employee.
(iv) A failure to continue seasonal employment of a qualified employee due to a substantial reduction in the regular seasonal trade or business operations of the taxpayer.
(v) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee, if that qualified employee is replaced by other qualified employees so as to create a net increase in both the number of seasonal employees and the hours of seasonal employment.
(C) For purposes of paragraph (1), the employment relationship between the taxpayer and a qualified employee shall not be treated as terminated by reason of a mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business of the taxpayer, if the qualified employee continues to be employed in that trade or business and the taxpayer retains a substantial interest in that trade or business.
(3) Any increase in tax under paragraph (1) shall not be treated as tax imposed by this part for purposes of determining the amount of any credit allowable under this part.
(f) In the case of an estate or trust, both of the following apply:
(1) The qualified wages for any taxable year shall be apportioned between the estate or trust and the beneficiaries on the basis of the income of the estate or trust allocable to each.
(2) Any beneficiary to whom any qualified wages have been apportioned under paragraph (1) shall be treated, for purposes of this part, as the employer with respect to those wages.
(g) For purposes of this section, “enterprise zone” means an area designated as an enterprise zone pursuant to Chapter 12.8 (commencing with Section 7070) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.
(h) The credit allowable under this section shall be reduced by the credit allowed under Sections 17053.10, 17053.17, and 17053.46 claimed for the same employee. The credit shall also be reduced by the federal credit allowed under Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended by the Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-343).
In addition, any deduction otherwise allowed under this part for the wages or salaries paid or incurred by the taxpayer upon which the credit is based shall be reduced by the amount of the credit, prior to any reduction required by subdivision (i) or (j).
(i) In the case where the credit otherwise allowed under this section exceeds the “net tax” for the taxable year, that portion of the credit that exceeds the “net tax” may be carried over and added to the credit, if any, in the succeeding 10 taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted. The credit shall be applied first to the earliest taxable years possible.
(j) (1) The amount of the credit otherwise allowed under this section and Section 17053.70, including any credit carryover from prior years, that may reduce the “net tax” for the taxable year shall not exceed the amount of tax which would be imposed on the taxpayer’s business income attributable to the enterprise zone determined as if that attributable income represented all of the income of the taxpayer subject to tax under this part.
(2) Attributable income shall be that portion of the taxpayer’s California source business income that is apportioned to the enterprise zone. For that purpose, the taxpayer’s business income attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101) of Part 11. That business income shall be further apportioned to the enterprise zone in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17 of Part 11, modified for purposes of this section in accordance with paragraph (3).
(3) Business income shall be apportioned to the enterprise zone by multiplying the total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two. For purposes of this paragraph:
(A) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the enterprise zone during the taxable year, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year.
(B) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the enterprise zone during the taxable year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year.
(4) The portion of any credit remaining, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over to succeeding taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “net tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (i). However, the portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “net tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (i).
(k) The changes made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1997.
(l) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall cease to be operative on January 1, 2014, and shall be repealed on December 1, 2019. A credit shall not be allowed under this section with respect to an employee who first commences employment with a taxpayer on or after January 1, 2014.
(2) This section shall continue to apply with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the taxpayer within the enterprise zone within the 60-month period immediately preceding January 1, 2014, and qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to those qualified employees shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, in accordance with this section, as amended by the act adding this subdivision.

SEC. 5.

 Section 17088 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

17088.
 (a) Subchapter M of Chapter 1 of Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to regulated investment companies and real estate investment trusts, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(b) Section 17145 shall apply in lieu of Section 852(b)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to exempt-interest dividends.
(c) (1) Section 852(b)(3)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment by shareholders of undistributed capital gains, shall not apply.
(2) Section 852(g)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting the phrase “subdivision (a) of Section 17145” for the phrase “the first sentence of subsection (b)(5)” contained therein.

SEC. 6.

 Section 17131.7 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 7.

 Section 17131.12 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 8.

 Section 17131.14 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 9.

 Section 17134.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 10.

 Section 17144 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

17144.
 (a) Section 108(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to general business credit, is modified by substituting “this part” in lieu of “Section 38 (relating to general business credit).”
(b) Section 108(b)(2)(G) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to foreign tax credit carryovers, shall not apply.
(c) Section 108(b)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to credit carryover reduction, is modified by substituting “11.1 cents” in lieu of “331/3 cents” in each place in which it appears. In the case where more than one credit is allowable under this part, the credits shall be reduced on a pro rata basis.
(d) Section 108(g)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to adjusted tax attributes, is modified by substituting “($9)” in lieu of “($3).”
(e) (1) If a taxpayer makes an election for federal income tax purposes under Section 108(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness, a separate election shall not be allowed under paragraph (3) of subdivision (e) of Section 17024.5 and the federal election shall be binding for purposes of this part.
(2) If a taxpayer has not made an election for federal income tax purposes under Section 108(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness, then the taxpayer shall not be allowed to make that election for purposes of this part.
(f) Section 108(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to deferral and ratable inclusion of income arising from business indebtedness discharged by the reacquisition of a debt instrument, shall not apply.

SEC. 11.

 Section 17201.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 12.

 Section 17215 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

17215.
 (a) Section 220(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to deduction allowed, is modified to provide that the amount allowed as a deduction shall be an amount equal to the amount allowed to that individual as a deduction under Section 220 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to medical savings accounts, on the federal income tax return filed for the same taxable year by that individual.
(b) Section 220(f)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to additional tax on distributions not used for qualified medical expenses, is modified by substituting “12.5 percent” in lieu of “20 percent.”
(c) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to disbursements made during taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2016.

SEC. 13.

 Section 17240 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

17240.
 The fee imposed by Section 9008 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148), shall be considered a tax described in Section 275(a)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code.

SEC. 14.

 Section 17241 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

17241.
 (a) Section 213(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to allowance of deduction, is modified by substituting “7.5 percent” for “10 percent.”
(b) Section 213(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rule for 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016, shall not apply.

SEC. 15.

 Section 17280.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 16.

 Section 17322.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 17.

 Section 17323 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

17323.
 Section 382(n) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rule for certain ownership changes, shall not apply.

SEC. 18.

 Section 18155 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

18155.
 A deduction shall not be allowed for capital loss carrybacks provided by Section 1212 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to capital loss carrybacks and carryovers.

SEC. 19.

 Section 19131.5 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

19131.5.
 (a) Section 6164 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to extension of time for payment of taxes by corporations expecting carrybacks, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(b) (1) Section 6164 of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting the phrase “Secretary or the Franchise Tax Board” for the word “Secretary” in each place it appears.
(2) Section 6164(a) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting the phrase “Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001)” in lieu of the phrase “subtitle A.”
(3) Section 6164(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to contents of statement, is modified by substituting the phrase “Section 24416.20” in lieu of the phrase “Section 172(b).”
(4) Section 6164(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply.
(5) Section 6164(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to jeopardy, is modified as follows:
(A) By substituting the phrase “he or the Franchise Tax Board” for the word “he” in each place it appears.
(B) By substituting the phrase “him or the Franchise Tax Board” for the word “him” in each place it appears.
(6) Section 6164(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to consolidated returns, is modified by substituting the phrase “combined report” in lieu of the phrase “consolidated return” in each place it appears.

SEC. 20.

 Section 19138 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19138.
 (a) (1) A taxpayer subject to the tax imposed under Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) with an understatement of tax for any taxable year shall be subject to the penalty imposed under this section if that understatement exceeds the greater of the following:
(A) One million dollars ($1,000,000).
(B) Twenty percent of the tax shown on an original return or shown on an amended return filed on or before the original or extended due date of the return for the taxable year.
(2) For taxpayers that are required to be included in a combined report under Section 25101 or authorized to be included in a combined report under Section 25101.15, the threshold amount prescribed in subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall apply to the aggregate amount of tax liability under Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) for all taxpayers that are required to be or authorized to be included in a combined report.
(b) (1) The penalty under this section shall be an amount equal to 20 percent of any understatement of tax. For purposes of this section, “understatement of tax” means the amount by which the tax imposed by Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) exceeds the amount of tax shown on an original return or shown on an amended return filed on or before the original or extended due date of the return for the taxable year.
(2) For any taxable year beginning before January 1, 2008, the amount of tax paid on or before May 31, 2009, and shown on an amended return filed on or before May 31, 2009, shall be treated as the amount of tax shown on an original return for purposes of this section.
(3) The amount of additional tax shown on the first amended return reflecting a proper election under Section 338 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to certain stock purchases treated as asset acquisitions, shall be treated as if that amount was included in the amount of tax shown on an original return for purposes of this section.
(c) The penalty imposed by this section shall be in addition to any other penalty imposed under Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) or this part.
(d) Article 3 (commencing with Section 19031), relating to deficiency assessments, shall not apply with respect to the assessment or collection of any penalty imposed by subdivision (a).
(e) A refund or credit for any amounts paid to satisfy a penalty imposed under this section may be allowed only on the grounds that the amount of the penalty was not properly computed by the Franchise Tax Board.
(f) No penalty shall be imposed under this section on any understatement to the extent that the understatement is attributable to any of the following:
(1) (A) A change in law that is enacted, promulgated, issued, or becomes final after the earlier of either of the following dates:
(i) The date the taxpayer files the return for the taxable year for which the change is operative.
(ii) The extended due date for the return of the taxpayer for the taxable year for which the change is operative.
(B) For purposes of this paragraph, a “change of law” means a statutory change or an interpretation of law or rule of law by regulation, legal ruling of counsel, within the meaning of subdivision (b) of Section 11340.9 of the Government Code, or a published federal or California court decision.
(C) The Franchise Tax Board shall implement this paragraph in a reasonable manner.
(2) The imposition of an alternative apportionment or allocation method by the Franchise Tax Board under the authority of Section 25137 because the standard allocation and apportionment provisions of Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) and the regulations thereunder do not fairly represent the extent of the taxpayer’s business activity in this state.
(3) A change to the taxpayer’s federal accounting method pursuant to Section 446 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to general rule for methods of accounting, that is applicable for purposes of Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), but only to the extent of understatements for taxable years where the due date of the return, without regard to any extension of time for filing the return, is before the date of consent of the secretary to that change of accounting method.
(g) No penalty shall be imposed under this section to the extent that a taxpayer’s understatement is attributable to the taxpayer’s reasonable reliance on written advice of the Franchise Tax Board, but only if the written advice was a legal ruling by the Chief Counsel, within the meaning of paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 21012.
(h) (1) This section shall apply to each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2003, for which the statute of limitations on assessment has not expired.
(2) The amendments made to this section by Chapter 721 of the Statutes of 2010 shall apply to each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2010.
(3) (A) Except as otherwise provided, the amendments made to this section by the act adding this paragraph shall apply to each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2015.
(B) The provisions of paragraph (2) of subdivision (f), as added by the act adding this paragraph, shall apply to understatements for any taxable year for which the statute of limitations on assessments has not expired as of the effective date of the act adding this paragraph.

SEC. 21.

 Section 19141.5 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19141.5.
 (a) (1) Section 6038A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to information with respect to certain foreign-owned corporations, shall apply.
(2) A penalty shall be imposed under this part for failure to furnish information or maintain records and that penalty shall be determined in accordance with Section 6038A of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) Section 11314 of Public Law 101-508, relating to application of amendments made by Section 7403 of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1989 to taxable years beginning on or before July 10, 1989, shall apply.
(4) Section 6038A(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to enforcement of requests for certain records, is modified as follows:
(A) Each reference to Section 7602, 7603, or 7604 of the Internal Revenue Code shall instead refer to Section 19504.
(B) Each reference to “summons” shall instead refer to “subpoena duces tecum.”
(C) Section 6038A(e)(4)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code shall refer to “superior courts of the State of California for the Counties of Los Angeles, Sacramento, and San Diego, and for the City and County of San Francisco,” instead of “United States district court for the district in which the person (to whom the summons is issued) resides or is found.”
(b) In the case of a corporation, each of the following shall apply:
(1) Section 6038B of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to notice of certain transfers to foreign persons, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(2) The information required to be filed with the Franchise Tax Board under this subdivision shall be a copy of the information required to be filed with the Internal Revenue Service.
(3) (A) A penalty shall be imposed under this part for failure to furnish information and that penalty shall be determined in accordance with Section 6038B of the Internal Revenue Code, except as otherwise provided.
(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any transfer described in Section 6038B(a)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(c) (1) Section 6038C of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to information with respect to foreign corporations engaged in United States business, shall apply.
(2) A penalty shall be imposed under this part for failure to furnish information or maintain records and that penalty shall be determined in accordance with Section 6038C of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) Section 6038C(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to enforcement of requests for certain records, is modified as follows:
(A) Each reference to Section 7602, 7603, or 7604 of the Internal Revenue Code shall instead refer to Section 19504.
(B) Each reference to “summons” shall instead refer to “subpoena duces tecum.”
(d) (1) Section 6038D of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to information with respect to foreign financial assets, shall apply.
(2) A penalty shall be imposed under this part for failure to furnish information and that penalty shall be determined in accordance with Section 6038D of the Internal Revenue Code.
(e) For purposes of this part, the information required to be filed with the Franchise Tax Board pursuant to this section shall be a copy of the information filed with the Internal Revenue Service.
(f) For purposes of this section, each of the following shall apply:
(1) Section 7701(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to the term “domestic,” shall apply.
(2) Section 7701(a)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to the term “foreign,” shall apply.
(3) Section 7701(a)(30) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to the term “United States person,” shall apply. However, the term “United States person” shall not include any corporation that is not subject to the tax imposed under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 23101), Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 23400), or Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 23501), of Part 11.
(g) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2016.

SEC. 22.

 Section 19164 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19164.
 (a) (1) (A) An accuracy-related penalty shall be imposed under this part and shall be determined in accordance with Section 6662 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to imposition of accuracy-related penalty on underpayments, except as otherwise provided.
(B) (i) Except for understatements relating to reportable transactions to which Section 19164.5 applies, in the case of any proposed deficiency assessment issued after the last date of the amnesty period specified in Chapter 9.1 (commencing with Section 19730) for any taxable year beginning prior to January 1, 2003, the penalty specified in Section 6662(a) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be computed by substituting “40 percent” for “20 percent.”
(ii) Clause (i) shall not apply to any taxable year of a taxpayer beginning prior to January 1, 2003, if, as of the start date of the amnesty program period specified in Section 19731, the taxpayer is then under audit by the Franchise Tax Board, or the taxpayer has filed a protest under Section 19041, or the taxpayer has filed an appeal under Section 19045, or the taxpayer is engaged in settlement negotiations under Section 19442, or the taxpayer has a pending judicial proceeding in any court of this state or in any federal court relating to the tax liability of the taxpayer for that taxable year.
(2) With respect to corporations, this subdivision shall apply to all of the following:
(A) All taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1990.
(B) Any other taxable year for which an assessment is made after July 16, 1991.
(C) For purposes of this section, references in Section 6662(e) of the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations thereunder, relating to treatment of an affiliated group that files a consolidated federal return, are modified to apply to those entities required to be included in a combined report under Section 25101 or 25110. For these purposes, entities included in a combined report pursuant to paragraph (4) or (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 25110 shall be considered only to the extent required to be included in the combined report.
(3) Section 6662(d)(1)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to provide that in the case of a corporation, other than an “S” corporation, there is a substantial understatement of tax for any taxable year if the amount of the understatement for the taxable year exceeds the lesser of:
(A) Ten percent of the tax required to be shown on the return for the taxable year (or, if greater, two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500)).
(B) Five million dollars ($5,000,000).
(4) Section 6662(d)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to additionally provide that the excess determined under Section 6662(d)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be determined without regard to items to which Section 19164.5 applies and without regard to items with respect to which a penalty is imposed by Section 19774.
(5) The provisions of Sections 6662(e)(1) and 6662(h)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply to returns filed on or after January 1, 2010.
(b) For purposes of Section 6662(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, Section 6664 of the Internal Revenue Code, Section 6694(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, and this part, the Franchise Tax Board may prescribe a list of positions for which the Franchise Tax Board believes there is not substantial authority or there is no reasonable belief that the tax treatment is more likely than not the proper tax treatment. That list (and any revisions thereof) shall be published through the use of Franchise Tax Board Notices or other published positions. In addition, the “listed transactions” identified and published pursuant to the preceding sentence shall be published on the Web site of the Franchise Tax Board.
(c) A fraud penalty shall be imposed under this part and shall be determined in accordance with Section 6663 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to imposition of fraud penalty, except as otherwise provided.
(d) (1) Section 6664 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to definitions and special rules, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(2) Section 6664(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply to returns filed on or after January 1, 2010.
(3) Section 6664(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply to appraisals prepared with respect to returns or submissions filed on or after January 1, 2010.
(e) Except for purposes of subdivision (e) of Section 19774, Section 6662(b)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply.
(f) Except for purposes of subdivision (e) of Section 19774, Section 6662(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to increase in penalty in case of nondisclosed noneconomic substance transactions, shall not apply.
(g) Section 6665 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to applicable rules, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(h) The amendments made to this section by Chapter 14 of the Statutes of 2011 shall apply to notices mailed on or after January 1, 2012.

SEC. 23.

 Section 19167 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19167.
 (a) A penalty shall be imposed under this section for any of the following:
(1) In accordance with Section 6695(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, for failure to furnish a copy of the return to the taxpayer, as required by Section 18625.
(2) In accordance with Section 6695(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, for failure to furnish an identifying number, as required by Section 18624.
(3) In accordance with Section 6695(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, for failure to retain a copy or list, as required by Section 18625 or for failure to retain an electronic filing declaration, as required by Section 18621.5.
(4) Failure to register as a tax preparer with the California Tax Education Council, as required by Section 22253 of the Business and Professions Code, unless it is shown that the failure was due to reasonable cause and not due to willful neglect.
(A) The amount of the penalty under this paragraph for the first failure to register is two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500). This penalty shall be waived if proof of registration is provided to the Franchise Tax Board within 90 days from the date notice of the penalty is mailed to the tax preparer.
(B) The amount of the penalty under this paragraph for a failure to register, other than the first failure to register, is five thousand dollars ($5,000).
(C) The Franchise Tax Board shall not impose the penalties authorized by this paragraph until either one of the following has occurred:
(i) Commencing January 1, 2006, and continuing each year thereafter, there is an appropriation in the Franchise Tax Board’s annual budget to fund the costs associated with the penalty authorized by this paragraph.
(ii) (I)  An agreement has been executed between the California Tax Education Council and the Franchise Tax Board that provides that an amount equal to all first year costs associated with the penalty authorized by this paragraph shall be received by the Franchise Tax Board. For purposes of this subclause, first year costs include, but are not limited to, costs associated with the development of processes or systems changes, if necessary, and labor.
(II) An agreement has been executed between the California Tax Education Council and the Franchise Tax Board that provides that the annual costs incurred by the Franchise Tax Board associated with the penalty authorized by this paragraph shall be reimbursed by the California Tax Education Council to the Franchise Tax Board.
(III) Pursuant to the agreement described in subclause (I), the Franchise Tax Board has received an amount equal to the first year costs described in that subclause.
(5) In accordance with Section 6695(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, for failure to be diligent in determining eligibility for earned income credit for returns required to be filed on or after June 24, 2015.
(b) Section 6695(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to adjustment for inflation, shall not apply.

SEC. 24.

 Section 19183 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19183.
 (a) (1) A penalty shall be imposed for failure to file correct information returns, as required by this part, and that penalty shall be determined in accordance with Section 6721 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to failure to file correct information returns.
(2) Section 6721(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to penalty in case of intentional disregard, is modified to the extent that the reference to Section 6041A(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to direct sales of $5,000 or more, shall not apply.
(3) Section 6721(f)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to substitute the phrase “For each fifth calendar year beginning after 2014” for the phrase “In the case of any failure relating to a return required to be filed in a calendar year beginning after 2014.”
(b) (1) A penalty shall be imposed for failure to furnish correct payee statements as required by this part, and that penalty shall be determined in accordance with Section 6722 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to failure to furnish correct payee statements.
(2) Section 6722(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to exception for de minimus failures, is modified to the extent that the references to Sections 6041A(b) and 6041A(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to direct sales of $5,000 or more, and statements to be furnished to persons with respect to whom information is required to be furnished, shall not apply.
(3) Section 6722(f)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to substitute the phrase “For each fifth calendar year beginning after 2014” for the phrase “In the case of any failure relating to a return required to be filed in a calendar year beginning after 2014.”
(c) A penalty shall be imposed for failure to comply with other information reporting requirements under this part, and that penalty shall be determined in accordance with Section 6723 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to failure to comply with other information reporting requirements.
(d) (1) The provisions of Section 6724 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to waiver; definitions, and special rules, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(2) Section 6724(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to information return, is modified as follows:
(A) The following references are substituted:
(i) Subdivision (a) of Section 18640, in lieu of Section 6044(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(ii) Subdivision (a) of Section 18644, in lieu of Section 6050A(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to reports.
(B) References to Sections 4101(d), 6041(b), 6041A(b), 6045(d), 6051(d), and 6053(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply.
(C) The term “information return” shall also include both of the following:
(i) The return required by paragraph (1) of subdivision (i) of Section 18662.
(ii) The return required by subdivision (a) of Section 18631.7.
(3) Section 6724(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to payee statement, is modified as follows:
(A) The following references are substituted:
(i) Subdivision (b) of Section 18640, in lieu of Section 6044(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to statements to be furnished to persons with respect to whom information is required.
(ii) Subdivision (b) of Section 18644, in lieu of Section 6050A(b) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to written statement.
(B) References to Sections 6031(b), 6037(b), 6041A(e), 6045(d), 6051(d), 6053(b), and 6053(c) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply.
(C) The term “payee statement” shall also include the statement required by paragraph (2) of subdivision (i) of Section 18662.
(e) In the case of each failure to provide a written explanation as required by Section 402(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to written explanation to recipients of distributions eligible for rollover treatment, at the time prescribed therefor, unless it is shown that the failure is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect, there shall be paid, on notice and demand of the Franchise Tax Board and in the same manner as tax, by the person failing to provide that written explanation, an amount equal to ten dollars ($10) for each failure, but the total amount imposed on that person for all those failures during any calendar year shall not exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000).
(f) Any penalty imposed by this part shall be paid on notice and demand by the Franchise Tax Board and in the same manner as tax.
(g) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to information returns required to be filed on or after January 1, 2016.

SEC. 25.

 Section 19772 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

19772.
 (a) Section 6707A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to penalty for failure to include reportable transactions information with a return, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(b) (1) Section 6707A(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code relating to amount of penalty is modified by substituting the phrase “or which would have resulted from such transaction if such transaction were respected for state tax purposes” for the phrase “or which would have resulted from such transaction if such transaction were respected for Federal tax purposes.”
(2) The penalty amounts in Section 6707A(b)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code are modified by substituting “$30,000 ($15,000” for “$200,000 ($100,000).”
(3) The penalty amounts in Section 6707A(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code are modified by substituting “$15,000 ($5,000” for “$50,000 (10,000).”
(4) The penalty amounts in Section 6707A(b)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code relating to minimum penalty are modified by substituting “$2,500 ($1,250” for “$10,000 (5,000).”
(c) (1) Section 6707A(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code relating to reportable transaction is modified to include reportable transactions within the meaning of paragraph (3) of subdivision (a) of Section 18407.
(2) Section 6707A(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code relating to listed transaction is modified to include listed transactions within the meaning of paragraph (4) of subdivision (a) of Section 18407.
(d) The penalty under this section only applies to taxpayers with taxable income greater than two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000).
(e) Section 6707A(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to a penalty reported to the Securities and Exchange Commission, shall not apply.
(f) Section 6707A(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to authority to rescind penalty, shall not apply, and in lieu thereof, the following shall apply:
(1) The Chief Counsel of the Franchise Tax Board may rescind all or any portion of any penalty imposed by this section with respect to any violation if all of the following apply:
(A) The violation is with respect to a reportable transaction other than a listed transaction.
(B) The person on whom the penalty is imposed has a history of complying with the requirements of this part and Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001) or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001).
(C) It is shown that the violation is due to an unintentional mistake of fact.
(D) Imposing the penalty would be against equity and good conscience.
(E) Rescinding the penalty would promote compliance with the requirements of this part and Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001) or Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) and effective tax administration.
(2) The exercise of authority under paragraph (1) shall be at the sole discretion of the Chief Counsel of the Franchise Tax Board and may not be delegated.
(3) Notwithstanding any other law or rule of law, any determination under this subdivision may not be reviewed in any administrative or judicial proceeding.
(g) Article 3 (commencing with Section 19031) of Chapter 4 (relating to deficiency assessments) shall not apply with respect to the assessment or collection of any penalty imposed under this section.
(h) The penalty imposed by this section is in addition to any penalty imposed under Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001), Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001), or this part.
(i) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to penalties assessed on or after January 1, 2016.

SEC. 26.

 Section 23622.7 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

23622.7.
 (a) There shall be allowed a credit against the “tax” (as defined by Section 23036) to a taxpayer who employs a qualified employee in an enterprise zone during the taxable year. The credit shall be equal to the sum of each of the following:
(1) Fifty percent of qualified wages in the first year of employment.
(2) Forty percent of qualified wages in the second year of employment.
(3) Thirty percent of qualified wages in the third year of employment.
(4) Twenty percent of qualified wages in the fourth year of employment.
(5) Ten percent of qualified wages in the fifth year of employment.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Qualified wages” means:
(A) (i) Except as provided in clause (ii), that portion of wages paid or incurred by the taxpayer during the taxable year to qualified employees that does not exceed 150 percent of the minimum wage.
(ii) For up to 1,350 qualified employees who are employed by the taxpayer in the Long Beach Enterprise Zone in aircraft manufacturing activities described in Codes 3721 to 3728, inclusive, and Code 3812 of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition, “qualified wages” means that portion of hourly wages that does not exceed 202 percent of the minimum wage.
(B) Wages received during the 60-month period beginning with the first day the employee commences employment with the taxpayer. Reemployment in connection with any increase, including a regularly occurring seasonal increase, in the trade or business operations of the taxpayer does not constitute commencement of employment for purposes of this section.
(C) Qualified wages do not include any wages paid or incurred by the taxpayer on or after the zone expiration date. However, wages paid or incurred with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the taxpayer within the enterprise zone within the 60-month period prior to the zone expiration date shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section after the zone expiration date, in accordance with all provisions of this section applied as if the enterprise zone designation were still in existence and binding.
(2) “Minimum wage” means the wage established by the Industrial Welfare Commission as provided for in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1171) of Part 4 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.
(3) “Zone expiration date” means the date the enterprise zone designation expires, is no longer binding, becomes inoperative, or is repealed.
(4) (A) “Qualified employee” means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:
(i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the taxpayer’s trade or business located in an enterprise zone.
(ii) Performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the taxpayer during the taxable year in an enterprise zone.
(iii) Is hired by the taxpayer after the date of original designation of the area in which services were performed as an enterprise zone.
(iv) Is any of the following:
(I) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a person eligible for services under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. Sec. 1501 et seq.), or its successor, who is receiving, or is eligible to receive, subsidized employment, training, or services funded by the federal Job Training Partnership Act, or its successor.
(II) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a person eligible to be a voluntary or mandatory registrant under the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985 (GAIN) provided for pursuant to Article 3.2 (commencing with Section 11320) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, or its successor.
(III) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was an economically disadvantaged individual 14 years of age or older.
(IV) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a dislocated worker who meets any of the following:
(aa) Has been terminated or laid off or who has received a notice of termination or layoff from employment, is eligible for or has exhausted entitlement to unemployment insurance benefits, and is unlikely to return to his or her previous industry or occupation.
(bb) Has been terminated or has received a notice of termination of employment as a result of any permanent closure or any substantial layoff at a plant, facility, or enterprise, including an individual who has not received written notification but whose employer has made a public announcement of the closure or layoff.
(cc) Is long-term unemployed and has limited opportunities for employment or reemployment in the same or a similar occupation in the area in which the individual resides, including an individual 55 years of age or older who may have substantial barriers to employment by reason of age.
(dd) Was self-employed (including farmers and ranchers) and is unemployed as a result of general economic conditions in the community in which he or she resides or because of natural disasters.
(ee) Was a civilian employee of the Department of Defense employed at a military installation being closed or realigned under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990.
(ff) Was an active member of the armed forces or National Guard as of September 30, 1990, and was either involuntarily separated or separated pursuant to a special benefits program.
(gg) Is a seasonal or migrant worker who experiences chronic seasonal unemployment and underemployment in the agriculture industry, aggravated by continual advancements in technology and mechanization.
(hh) Has been terminated or laid off, or has received a notice of termination or layoff, as a consequence of compliance with the Clean Air Act.
(V) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a disabled individual who is eligible for or enrolled in, or has completed a state rehabilitation plan or is a service-connected disabled veteran, veteran of the Vietnam era, or veteran who is recently separated from military service.
(VI) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was an ex-offender. An individual shall be treated as convicted if he or she was placed on probation by a state court without a finding of guilt.
(VII) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a person eligible for or a recipient of any of the following:
(aa) Federal Supplemental Security Income benefits.
(bb) Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
(cc) CalFresh benefits.
(dd) State and local general assistance.
(VIII) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a member of a federally recognized Indian tribe, band, or other group of Native American descent.
(IX) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a resident of a targeted employment area (as defined in Section 7072 of the Government Code).
(X) An employee who qualified the taxpayer for the enterprise zone hiring credit under former Section 23622 or the program area hiring credit under former Section 23623.
(XI) Immediately preceding the qualified employee’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer, was a member of a targeted group, as defined in Section 51(d) of the Internal Revenue Code, or its successor.
(B) Priority for employment shall be provided to an individual who is enrolled in a qualified program under the federal Job Training Partnership Act or the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985 or who is eligible as a member of a targeted group under the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code), or its successor.
(5) “Taxpayer” means a corporation engaged in a trade or business within an enterprise zone designated pursuant to Chapter 12.8 (commencing with Section 7070) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.
(6) “Seasonal employment” means employment by a taxpayer that has regular and predictable substantial reductions in trade or business operations.
(c) The taxpayer shall do both of the following:
(1) Obtain from the Employment Development Department, as permitted by federal law, the local county or city Job Training Partnership Act administrative entity, the local county GAIN office or social services agency, or the local government administering the enterprise zone, a certification that provides that a qualified employee meets the eligibility requirements specified in clause (iv) of subparagraph (A) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (b). The Employment Development Department may provide preliminary screening and referral to a certifying agency. The Employment Development Department shall develop a form for this purpose. The Department of Housing and Community Development shall develop regulations governing the issuance of certificates by local governments pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 7086 of the Government Code.
(2) Retain a copy of the certification and provide it upon request to the Franchise Tax Board.
(d) (1) For purposes of this section:
(A) All employees of all corporations which are members of the same controlled group of corporations shall be treated as employed by a single taxpayer.
(B) The credit, if any, allowable by this section to each member shall be determined by reference to its proportionate share of the expense of the qualified wages giving rise to the credit, and shall be allocated in that manner.
(C) For purposes of this subdivision, “controlled group of corporations” means “controlled group of corporations” as defined in Section 1563(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that:
(i) “More than 50 percent” shall be substituted for “at least 80 percent” each place it appears in Section 1563(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(ii) The determination shall be made without regard to subsections (a)(4) and (e)(3)(C) of Section 1563 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(2) If an employer acquires the major portion of a trade or business of another employer (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the “predecessor”) or the major portion of a separate unit of a trade or business of a predecessor, then, for purposes of applying this section (other than subdivision (e)) for any calendar year ending after that acquisition, the employment relationship between a qualified employee and an employer shall not be treated as terminated if the employee continues to be employed in that trade or business.
(e) (1) (A) If the employment, other than seasonal employment, of any qualified employee with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a) is terminated by the taxpayer at any time during the first 270 days of that employment, whether or not consecutive, or before the close of the 270th calendar day after the day in which that employee completes 90 days of employment with the taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part for the taxable year in which that employment is terminated shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that employee.
(B) If the seasonal employment of any qualified employee, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a) is not continued by the taxpayer for a period of 270 days of employment during the 60-month period beginning with the day the qualified employee commences seasonal employment with the taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part, for the taxable year that includes the 60th month following the month in which the qualified employee commences seasonal employment with the taxpayer, shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified employee.
(2) (A) Subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A termination of employment of a qualified employee who voluntarily leaves the employment of the taxpayer.
(ii) A termination of employment of a qualified employee who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the taxpayer fails to offer reemployment to that employee.
(iii) A termination of employment of a qualified employee, if it is determined that the termination was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that employee.
(iv) A termination of employment of a qualified employee due to a substantial reduction in the trade or business operations of the taxpayer.
(v) A termination of employment of a qualified employee, if that employee is replaced by other qualified employees so as to create a net increase in both the number of employees and the hours of employment.
(B) Subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee who voluntarily fails to return to the seasonal employment of the taxpayer.
(ii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that seasonal employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the taxpayer fails to offer seasonal employment to that qualified employee.
(iii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee, if it is determined that the failure to continue the seasonal employment was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that qualified employee.
(iv) A failure to continue seasonal employment of a qualified employee due to a substantial reduction in the regular seasonal trade or business operations of the taxpayer.
(v) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified employee, if that qualified employee is replaced by other qualified employees so as to create a net increase in both the number of seasonal employees and the hours of seasonal employment.
(C) For purposes of paragraph (1), the employment relationship between the taxpayer and a qualified employee shall not be treated as terminated by either of the following:
(i) By a transaction to which Section 381(a) of the Internal Revenue Code applies, if the qualified employee continues to be employed by the acquiring corporation.
(ii) By reason of a mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business of the taxpayer, if the qualified employee continues to be employed in that trade or business and the taxpayer retains a substantial interest in that trade or business.
(3) Any increase in tax under paragraph (1) shall not be treated as tax imposed by this part for purposes of determining the amount of any credit allowable under this part.
(f) Rules similar to the rules provided in Section 46(e) and (h) of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply to both of the following:
(1) An organization to which Section 593 of the Internal Revenue Code applies.
(2) A regulated investment company or a real estate investment trust subject to taxation under this part.
(g) For purposes of this section, “enterprise zone” means an area designated as an enterprise zone pursuant to Chapter 12.8 (commencing with Section 7070) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.
(h) The credit allowable under this section shall be reduced by the credit allowed under Sections 23623.5, 23625, and 23646 claimed for the same employee. The credit shall also be reduced by the federal credit allowed under Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-343).
In addition, any deduction otherwise allowed under this part for the wages or salaries paid or incurred by the taxpayer upon which the credit is based shall be reduced by the amount of the credit, prior to any reduction required by subdivision (i) or (j).
(i) In the case where the credit otherwise allowed under this section exceeds the “tax” for the taxable year, that portion of the credit that exceeds the “tax” may be carried over and added to the credit, if any, in the succeeding 10 taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted. The credit shall be applied first to the earliest taxable years possible.
(j) (1) The amount of the credit otherwise allowed under this section and Section 23612.2, including any credit carryover from prior years, that may reduce the “tax” for the taxable year shall not exceed the amount of tax which would be imposed on the taxpayer’s business income attributable to the enterprise zone determined as if that attributable income represented all of the income of the taxpayer subject to tax under this part.
(2) Attributable income shall be that portion of the taxpayer’s California source business income that is apportioned to the enterprise zone. For that purpose, the taxpayer’s business attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101). That business income shall be further apportioned to the enterprise zone in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17, modified for purposes of this section in accordance with paragraph (3).
(3) Business income shall be apportioned to the enterprise zone by multiplying the total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two. For purposes of this paragraph:
(A) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the enterprise zone during the income year, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the income year.
(B) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the enterprise zone during the income year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the income year.
(4) The portion of any credit remaining, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over to succeeding taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (i). However, the portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (i).
(k) The changes made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to taxable years on or after January 1, 1997.
(l) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall cease to be operative on January 1, 2014, and shall be repealed on December 1, 2019. A credit shall not be allowed under this section with respect to an employee who first commences employment with a taxpayer on or after January 1, 2014.
(2) This section shall continue to apply with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the taxpayer within the enterprise zone within the 60-month period immediately preceding January 1, 2014, and qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to those qualified employees shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, in accordance with this section, as amended by the act adding this subdivision.

SEC. 27.

 Section 23622.8 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

23622.8.
 (a) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1998, there shall be allowed a credit against the “tax” (as defined in Section 23036) to a qualified taxpayer for hiring a qualified disadvantaged individual during the taxable year for employment in the manufacturing enhancement area. The credit shall be equal to the sum of each of the following:
(1) Fifty percent of the qualified wages in the first year of employment.
(2) Forty percent of the qualified wages in the second year of employment.
(3) Thirty percent of the qualified wages in the third year of employment.
(4) Twenty percent of the qualified wages in the fourth year of employment.
(5) Ten percent of the qualified wages in the fifth year of employment.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Qualified wages” means:
(A) That portion of wages paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer during the taxable year to qualified disadvantaged individuals that does not exceed 150 percent of the minimum wage.
(B) The total amount of qualified wages which may be taken into account for purposes of claiming the credit allowed under this section shall not exceed two million dollars ($2,000,000) per taxable year.
(C) Wages received during the 60-month period beginning with the first day the qualified disadvantaged individual commences employment with the qualified taxpayer. Reemployment in connection with any increase, including a regularly occurring seasonal increase, in the trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer does not constitute commencement of employment for purposes of this section.
(D) Qualified wages do not include any wages paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer on or after the manufacturing enhancement area expiration date. However, wages paid or incurred with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the manufacturing enhancement area within the 60-month period prior to the manufacturing enhancement area expiration date shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section after the manufacturing enhancement area expiration date, in accordance with all provisions of this section applied as if the manufacturing enhancement area designation were still in existence and binding.
(2) “Minimum wage” means the wage established by the Industrial Welfare Commission as provided for in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1171) of Part 4 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.
(3) “Manufacturing enhancement area” means an area designated pursuant to Section 7073.8 of the Government Code according to the procedures of Chapter 12.8 (commencing with Section 7070) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.
(4) “Manufacturing enhancement area expiration date” means the date the manufacturing enhancement area designation expires, is no longer binding, becomes inoperative, or is repealed.
(5) “Qualified disadvantaged individual” means an individual who satisfies all of the following requirements:
(A) (i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the qualified taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the qualified taxpayer’s trade or business located in a manufacturing enhancement area.
(ii) Who performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the qualified taxpayer during the taxable year in the manufacturing enhancement area.
(B) Who is hired by the qualified taxpayer after the designation of the area as a manufacturing enhancement area in which the individual’s services were primarily performed.
(C) Who is any of the following immediately preceding the individual’s commencement of employment with the qualified taxpayer:
(i) An individual who has been determined eligible for services under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. Sec. 1501 et seq.) or its successor.
(ii) Any voluntary or mandatory registrant under the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985, or its successor, as provided pursuant to Article 3.2 (commencing with Section 11320) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(iii) Any individual who has been certified eligible by the Employment Development Department under the federal Targeted Jobs Tax Credit Program, or its successor, whether or not this program is in effect.
(6) “Qualified taxpayer” means any corporation engaged in a trade or business within a manufacturing enhancement area designated pursuant to Section 7073.8 of the Government Code and that meets all of the following requirements:
(A) Is engaged in those lines of business described in Codes 0211 to 0291, inclusive, Code 0723, or in Codes 2011 to 3999, inclusive, of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition.
(B) At least 50 percent of the qualified taxpayer’s workforce hired after the designation of the manufacturing enhancement area is composed of individuals who, at the time of hire, are residents of the county in which the manufacturing enhancement area is located.
(C) Of this percentage of local hires, at least 30 percent shall be qualified disadvantaged individuals.
(7) “Seasonal employment” means employment by a qualified taxpayer that has regular and predictable substantial reductions in trade or business operations.
(c) (1) For purposes of this section, all of the following apply:
(A) All employees of all corporations that are members of the same controlled group of corporations shall be treated as employed by a single qualified taxpayer.
(B) The credit (if any) allowable by this section with respect to each member shall be determined by reference to its proportionate share of the expenses of the qualified wages giving rise to the credit and shall be allocated in that manner.
(C) Principles that apply in the case of controlled groups of corporations, as specified in subdivision (d) of Section 23622.7, shall apply with respect to determining employment.
(2) If a qualified taxpayer acquires the major portion of a trade or business of another employer (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the “predecessor”) or the major portion of a separate unit of a trade or business of a predecessor, then, for purposes of applying this section (other than subdivision (d)) for any calendar year ending after that acquisition, the employment relationship between a qualified disadvantaged individual and a qualified taxpayer shall not be treated as terminated if the qualified disadvantaged individual continues to be employed in that trade or business.
(d) (1) (A) If the employment, other than seasonal employment, of any qualified disadvantaged individual, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (b) is terminated by the qualified taxpayer at any time during the first 270 days of that employment (whether or not consecutive) or before the close of the 270th calendar day after the day in which that qualified disadvantaged individual completes 90 days of employment with the qualified taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part for the taxable year in which that employment is terminated shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(B) If the seasonal employment of any qualified disadvantaged individual, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a) is not continued by the qualified taxpayer for a period of 270 days of employment during the 60-month period beginning with the day the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part, for the income year that includes the 60th month following the month in which the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(2) (A) Subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) does not apply to any of the following:
(i) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who voluntarily leaves the employment of the qualified taxpayer.
(ii) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled to perform the services of that employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the qualified taxpayer fails to offer reemployment to that individual.
(iii) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if it is determined that the termination was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that individual.
(iv) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual due to a substantial reduction in the trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer.
(v) A termination of employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if that individual is replaced by other qualified disadvantaged individuals so as to create a net increase in both the number of employees and the hours of employment.
(B) Subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who voluntarily fails to return to the seasonal employment of the qualified taxpayer.
(ii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that seasonal employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the qualified taxpayer fails to offer seasonal employment to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(iii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if it is determined that the failure to continue the seasonal employment was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(iv) A failure to continue seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual due to a substantial reduction in the regular seasonal trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer.
(v) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if that qualified disadvantaged individual is replaced by other qualified disadvantaged individuals so as to create a net increase in both the number of seasonal employees and the hours of seasonal employment.
(C) For purposes of paragraph (1), the employment relationship between the qualified taxpayer and a qualified disadvantaged individual shall not be treated as terminated by either of the following:
(i) By a transaction to which Section 381(a) of the Internal Revenue Code applies, if the qualified disadvantaged individual continues to be employed by the acquiring corporation.
(ii) By reason of a mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business of the qualified taxpayer, if the qualified disadvantaged individual continues to be employed in that trade or business and the qualified taxpayer retains a substantial interest in that trade or business.
(3) Any increase in tax under paragraph (1) shall not be treated as tax imposed by this part for purposes of determining the amount of any credit allowable under this part.
(e) The credit shall be reduced by the credit allowed under Section 23621. The credit shall also be reduced by the federal credit allowed under Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-343).
In addition, any deduction otherwise allowed under this part for the wages or salaries paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer upon which the credit is based shall be reduced by the amount of the credit, prior to any reduction required by subdivision (f) or (g).
(f) In the case where the credit otherwise allowed under this section exceeds the “tax” for the taxable year, that portion of the credit that exceeds the “tax” may be carried over and added to the credit, if any, in the succeeding 10 taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted. The credit shall be applied first to the earliest taxable years possible.
(g) (1) The amount of credit otherwise allowed under this section, including prior year credit carryovers, that may reduce the “tax” for the taxable year shall not exceed the amount of tax that would be imposed on the qualified taxpayer’s business income attributed to a manufacturing enhancement area determined as if that attributed income represented all of the net income of the qualified taxpayer subject to tax under this part.
(2) Attributable income is that portion of the taxpayer’s California source business income that is apportioned to the manufacturing enhancement area. For that purpose, the taxpayer’s business income attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101). That business income shall be further apportioned to the manufacturing enhancement area in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17, modified for purposes of this section in accordance with paragraph (3).
(3) Income shall be apportioned to a manufacturing enhancement area by multiplying the total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two. For the purposes of this paragraph:
(A) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the manufacturing enhancement area during the taxable year, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year.
(B) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the manufacturing enhancement area during the taxable year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year.
(4) The portion of any credit remaining, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over to succeeding taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (g). However, the portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (g).
(h) If the taxpayer is allowed a credit pursuant to this section for qualified wages paid or incurred, only one credit shall be allowed to the taxpayer under this part with respect to any wage consisting in whole or in part of those qualified wages.
(i) The qualified taxpayer shall do both of the following:
(1) Obtain from the Employment Development Department, as permitted by federal law, the local county or city Job Training Partnership Act administrative entity, the local county GAIN office or social services agency, or the local government administering the manufacturing enhancement area, a certification that provides that a qualified disadvantaged individual meets the eligibility requirements specified in paragraph (5) of subdivision (b). The Employment Development Department may provide preliminary screening and referral to a certifying agency. The Department of Housing and Community Development shall develop regulations governing the issuance of certificates pursuant to subdivision (d) of Section 7086 of the Government Code and shall develop forms for this purpose.
(2) Retain a copy of the certification and provide it upon request to the Franchise Tax Board.
(j) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall cease to be operative for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, and shall be repealed on December 1, 2019.
(2) The section shall continue to apply with respect to qualified employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the manufacturing enhancement area within the 60-month period immediately preceding January 1, 2014, and qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to those qualified employees shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, in accordance with this section, as amended by the act adding this subdivision.

SEC. 28.

 Section 23646 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

23646.
 (a) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1995, there shall be allowed as a credit against the “tax” (as defined in Section 23036) to a qualified taxpayer for hiring a qualified disadvantaged individual or a qualified displaced employee during the taxable year for employment in the LAMBRA. The credit shall be equal to the sum of each of the following:
(1) Fifty percent of the qualified wages in the first year of employment.
(2) Forty percent of the qualified wages in the second year of employment.
(3) Thirty percent of the qualified wages in the third year of employment.
(4) Twenty percent of the qualified wages in the fourth year of employment.
(5) Ten percent of the qualified wages in the fifth year of employment.
(b) For purposes of this section:
(1) “Qualified wages” means:
(A) That portion of wages paid or incurred by the employer during the taxable year to qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees that does not exceed 150 percent of the minimum wage.
(B) The total amount of qualified wages which may be taken into account for purposes of claiming the credit allowed under this section shall not exceed two million dollars ($2,000,000) per taxable year.
(C) Wages received during the 60-month period beginning with the first day the individual commences employment with the taxpayer. Reemployment in connection with any increase, including a regularly occurring seasonal increase, in the trade or business operation of the qualified taxpayer does not constitute commencement of employment for purposes of this section.
(D) Qualified wages do not include any wages paid or incurred by the qualified taxpayer on or after the LAMBRA expiration date. However, wages paid or incurred with respect to qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the LAMBRA within the 60-month period prior to the LAMBRA expiration date shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section after the LAMBRA expiration date, in accordance with all provisions of this section applied as if the LAMBRA designation were still in existence and binding.
(2) “Minimum wage” means the wage established by the Industrial Welfare Commission as provided for in Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 1171) of Part 4 of Division 2 of the Labor Code.
(3) “LAMBRA” means a local agency military base recovery area designated in accordance with the provisions of Section 7114 of the Government Code.
(4) “Qualified disadvantaged individual” means an individual who satisfies all of the following requirements:
(A) (i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the taxpayer’s trade or business located in a LAMBRA.
(ii) Who performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the taxpayer during the taxable year in the LAMBRA.
(B) Who is hired by the employer after the designation of the area as a LAMBRA in which the individual’s services were primarily performed.
(C) Who is any of the following immediately preceding the individual’s commencement of employment with the taxpayer:
(i) An individual who has been determined eligible for services under the federal Job Training Partnership Act (29 U.S.C. Sec. 1501 et seq.), or its successor.
(ii) Any voluntary or mandatory registrant under the Greater Avenues for Independence Act of 1985 provided for pursuant to Article 3.2 (commencing with Section 11320) of Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code.
(iii) An economically disadvantaged individual 16 years of age or older.
(iv) A dislocated worker who meets any of the following conditions:
(I) Has been terminated or laid off or who has received a notice of termination or layoff from employment, is eligible for or has exhausted entitlement to unemployment insurance benefits, and is unlikely to return to his or her previous industry or occupation.
(II) Has been terminated or has received a notice of termination of employment as a result of any permanent closure or any substantial layoff at a plant, facility, or enterprise, including an individual who has not received written notification but whose employer has made a public announcement of the closure or layoff.
(III) Is long-term unemployed and has limited opportunities for employment or reemployment in the same or a similar occupation in the area in which the individual resides, including an individual 55 years of age or older who may have substantial barriers to employment by reason of age.
(IV) Was self-employed (including farmers and ranchers) and is unemployed as a result of general economic conditions in the community in which he or she resides or because of natural disasters.
(V) Was a civilian employee of the Department of Defense employed at a military installation being closed or realigned under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990.
(VI) Was an active member of the Armed Forces or National Guard as of September 30, 1990, and was either involuntarily separated or separated pursuant to a special benefits program.
(VII) Experiences chronic seasonal unemployment and underemployment in the agriculture industry, aggravated by continual advancements in technology and mechanization.
(VIII) Has been terminated or laid off or has received a notice of termination or layoff as a consequence of compliance with the Clean Air Act.
(v) An individual who is enrolled in or has completed a state rehabilitation plan or is a service-connected disabled veteran, veteran of the Vietnam era, or veteran who is recently separated from military service.
(vi) An ex-offender. An individual shall be treated as convicted if he or she was placed on probation by a state court without a finding of guilty.
(vii) A recipient of:
(I) Federal Supplemental Security Income benefits.
(II) Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
(III) CalFresh benefits.
(IV) State and local general assistance.
(viii) Is a member of a federally recognized Indian tribe, band, or other group of Native American descent.
(5) “Qualified taxpayer” means a corporation that conducts a trade or business within a LAMBRA and, for the first two taxable years, has a net increase in jobs (defined as 2,000 paid hours per employee per year) of one or more employees as determined below in the LAMBRA.
(A) The net increase in the number of jobs shall be determined by subtracting the total number of full-time employees (defined as 2,000 paid hours per employee per year) the taxpayer employed in this state in the taxable year prior to commencing business operations in the LAMBRA from the total number of full-time employees the taxpayer employed in this state during the second taxable year after commencing business operations in the LAMBRA. For taxpayers who commence doing business in this state with their LAMBRA business operation, the number of employees for the taxable year prior to commencing business operations in the LAMBRA shall be zero. If the taxpayer has a net increase in jobs in the state, the credit shall be allowed only if one or more full-time employees is employed within the LAMBRA.
(B) The total number of employees employed in the LAMBRA shall equal the sum of both of the following:
(i) The total number of hours worked in the LAMBRA for the taxpayer by employees (not to exceed 2,000 hours per employee) who are paid an hourly wage divided by 2,000.
(ii) The total number of months worked in the LAMBRA for the taxpayer by employees who are salaried employees divided by 12.
(C) In the case of a qualified taxpayer that first commences doing business in the LAMBRA during the taxable year, for purposes of clauses (i) and (ii), respectively, of subparagraph (B) the divisors “2,000” and “12” shall be multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the number of months of the taxable year that the taxpayer was doing business in the LAMBRA and the denominator of which is 12.
(6) “Qualified displaced employee” means an individual who satisfies all of the following requirements:
(A) Any civilian or military employee of a base or former base that has been displaced as a result of a federal base closure act.
(B) (i) At least 90 percent of whose services for the taxpayer during the taxable year are directly related to the conduct of the taxpayer’s trade or business located in a LAMBRA.
(ii) Who performs at least 50 percent of his or her services for the taxpayer during the taxable year in a LAMBRA.
(C) Who is hired by the employer after the designation of the area in which services were performed as a LAMBRA.
(7) “Seasonal employment” means employment by a qualified taxpayer that has regular and predictable substantial reductions in trade or business operations.
(8) “LAMBRA expiration date” means the date the LAMBRA designation expires, is no longer binding, becomes inoperative, or is repealed.
(c) For qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees hired on or after January 1, 2001, the taxpayer shall do both of the following:
(1) Obtain from the Employment Development Department, as permitted by federal law, the administrative entity of the local county or city for the federal Job Training Partnership Act, or its successor, the local county GAIN office or social services agency, or the local government administering the LAMBRA, a certification that provides that a qualified disadvantaged individual or qualified displaced employee meets the eligibility requirements specified in subparagraph (C) of paragraph (4) of subdivision (b) or subparagraph (A) of paragraph (6) of subdivision (b). The Employment Development Department may provide preliminary screening and referral to a certifying agency. The Department of Housing and Community Development shall develop regulations governing the issuance of certificates pursuant to Section 7114.2 of the Government Code and shall develop forms for this purpose.
(2) Retain a copy of the certification and provide it upon request to the Franchise Tax Board.
(d) (1) For purposes of this section, both of the following apply:
(A) All employees of all corporations that are members of the same controlled group of corporations shall be treated as employed by a single employer.
(B) The credit (if any) allowable by this section to each member shall be determined by reference to its proportionate share of the qualified wages giving rise to the credit.
(2) For purposes of this subdivision, “controlled group of corporations” has the meaning given to that term by Section 1563(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that both of the following apply:
(A) “More than 50 percent” shall be substituted for “at least 80 percent” each place it appears in Section 1563(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(B) The determination shall be made without regard to Section 1563(a)(4) and Section 1563(e)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) If an employer acquires the major portion of a trade or business of another employer (hereinafter in this paragraph referred to as the “predecessor”) or the major portion of a separate unit of a trade or business of a predecessor, then, for purposes of applying this section (other than subdivision (e)) for any calendar year ending after that acquisition, the employment relationship between an employee and an employer shall not be treated as terminated if the employee continues to be employed in that trade or business.
(e) (1) (A) If the employment of any employee, other than seasonal employment, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a) is terminated by the taxpayer at any time during the first 270 days of that employment (whether or not consecutive) or before the close of the 270th calendar day after the day in which that employee completes 90 days of employment with the taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part for the taxable year in which that employment is terminated shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior income years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that employee.
(B) If the seasonal employment of any qualified disadvantaged individual, with respect to whom qualified wages are taken into account under subdivision (a) is not continued by the qualified taxpayer for a period of 270 days of employment during the 60-month period beginning with the day the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, the tax imposed by this part, for the taxable year that includes the 60th month following the month in which the qualified disadvantaged individual commences seasonal employment with the qualified taxpayer, shall be increased by an amount equal to the credit allowed under subdivision (a) for that taxable year and all prior taxable years attributable to qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(2) (A) Subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A termination of employment of an employee who voluntarily leaves the employment of the taxpayer.
(ii) A termination of employment of an individual who, before the close of the period referred to in paragraph (1), becomes disabled to perform the services of that employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the taxpayer fails to offer reemployment to that individual.
(iii) A termination of employment of an individual, if it is determined that the termination was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that individual.
(iv) A termination of employment of an individual due to a substantial reduction in the trade or business operations of the taxpayer.
(v) A termination of employment of an individual, if that individual is replaced by other qualified employees so as to create a net increase in both the number of employees and the hours of employment.
(B) Subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to any of the following:
(i) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who voluntarily fails to return to the seasonal employment of the qualified taxpayer.
(ii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual who, before the close of the period referred to in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), becomes disabled and unable to perform the services of that seasonal employment, unless that disability is removed before the close of that period and the qualified taxpayer fails to offer seasonal employment to that qualified disadvantaged individual.
(iii) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if it is determined that the failure to continue the seasonal employment was due to the misconduct (as defined in Sections 1256-30 to 1256-43, inclusive, of Title 22 of the California Code of Regulations) of that individual.
(iv) A failure to continue seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual due to a substantial reduction in the regular seasonal trade or business operations of the qualified taxpayer.
(v) A failure to continue the seasonal employment of a qualified disadvantaged individual, if that individual is replaced by other qualified disadvantaged individuals so as to create a net increase in both the number of seasonal employees and the hours of seasonal employment.
(C) For purposes of paragraph (1), the employment relationship between the taxpayer and an employee shall not be treated as terminated by either of the following:
(i) A transaction to which Section 381(a) of the Internal Revenue Code applies, if the employee continues to be employed by the acquiring corporation.
(ii) A mere change in the form of conducting the trade or business of the taxpayer, if the employee continues to be employed in that trade or business and the taxpayer retains a substantial interest in that trade or business.
(3) Any increase in tax under paragraph (1) shall not be treated as tax imposed by this part for purposes of determining the amount of any credit allowable under this part.
(4) At the close of the second taxable year, if the taxpayer has not increased the number of its employees as determined by paragraph (5) of subdivision (b), then the amount of the credit previously claimed shall be added to the taxpayer’s tax for the taxpayer’s second taxable year.
(f) In the case of an organization to which Section 593 of the Internal Revenue Code applies, and a regulated investment company or a real estate investment trust subject to taxation under this part, rules similar to the rules provided in Section 46(e) and Section 46(h) of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply.
(g) The credit shall be reduced by the credit allowed under Section 23621. The credit shall also be reduced by the federal credit allowed under Section 51 of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended by the Emergency Stabilization Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-343).
In addition, any deduction otherwise allowed under this part for the wages or salaries paid or incurred by the taxpayer upon which the credit is based shall be reduced by the amount of the credit, prior to any reduction required by subdivision (h) or (i).
(h) In the case where the credit otherwise allowed under this section exceeds the “tax” for the taxable year, that portion of the credit that exceeds the “tax” may be carried over and added to the credit, if any, in the succeeding 10 taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted. The credit shall be applied first to the earliest taxable years possible.
(i) (1) The amount of credit otherwise allowed under this section and Section 23645, including any prior year carryovers, that may reduce the “tax” for the taxable year shall not exceed the amount of tax that would be imposed on the taxpayer’s business income attributed to a LAMBRA determined as if that attributed income represented all of the income of the taxpayer subject to tax under this part.
(2) Attributable income shall be that portion of the taxpayer’s California source business income that is apportioned to the LAMBRA. For that purpose, the taxpayer’s business income that is attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101). That business income shall be further apportioned to the LAMBRA in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17, modified for purposes of this section in accordance with paragraph (3).
(3) Income shall be apportioned to a LAMBRA by multiplying the total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two. For purposes of this paragraph:
(A) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the LAMBRA during the taxable year, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year.
(B) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the LAMBRA during the taxable year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year.
(4) The portion of any credit remaining, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over to succeeding taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (h). However, the portion of any credit remaining for carryover to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, if any, after application of this subdivision, shall be carried over only to the succeeding 10 taxable years, if necessary, until the credit is exhausted, as if it were an amount exceeding the “tax” for the taxable year, as provided in subdivision (h).
(j) If the taxpayer is allowed a credit pursuant to this section for qualified wages paid or incurred, only one credit shall be allowed to the taxpayer under this part with respect to any wage consisting in whole or in part of those qualified wages.
(k) (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), this section shall cease to be operative on January 1, 2014, and shall be repealed on December 1, 2019. A credit shall not be allowed under this section with respect to an employee who first commences employment with a qualified taxpayer on or after January 1, 2014.
(2) This section shall continue to apply with respect to qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees who are employed by the qualified taxpayer within the LAMBRA within the 60-month period immediately preceding January 1, 2014, and qualified wages paid or incurred with respect to those qualified disadvantaged individuals or qualified displaced employees shall continue to qualify for the credit under this section for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, in accordance with this section, as amended by the act adding this subdivision.

SEC. 29.

 Section 23701i of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

23701i.
 A voluntary employees’ beneficiary association described in Section 501(c)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code.

SEC. 30.

 Section 24307 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

24307.
 (a) Section 108 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to income from discharge of indebtedness, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.
(b) Section 108(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to general business credit, is modified by substituting “this part” in lieu of “Section 38 (relating to general business credit).”
(c) Section 108(b)(2)(G) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to foreign tax credit carryovers, shall not apply.
(d) Section 108(b)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to credit carryover reduction, is modified by substituting “11.1 cents” in lieu of “331/3 cents” in each place in which it appears. In the case where more than one credit is allowable under this part, the credits shall be reduced on a pro rata basis.
(e) Section 108(g)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to adjusted tax attributes, is modified by substituting “$9” in lieu of “$3.”
(f) (1) The amendments to Section 108 of the Internal Revenue Code made by Section 13150 of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993 (Public Law 103-66), relating to exclusion from gross income for income from discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness, shall apply to discharges occurring on or after January 1, 1996, in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1996.
(2) If a taxpayer makes an election for federal income tax purposes under Section 108(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness, a separate election shall not be allowed under paragraph (3) of subdivision (e) of Section 23051.5 and the federal election shall be binding for purposes of this part.
(3) If a taxpayer has not made an election for federal income tax purposes under Section 108(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of discharge of qualified real property business indebtedness, then the taxpayer shall not be allowed to make that election for purposes of this part.
(g) The amendments to Section 108 of the Internal Revenue Code made by Section 13226 of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993 (Public Law 103-66), relating to modifications of discharge of indebtedness provisions, shall apply to discharges occurring on or after January 1, 1996, in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1996.
(h) The amendments made to Section 108(d)(7)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to certain provisions to be applied at the corporate level by Section 402 of the Job Creation and Worker Assistance Act of 2002 (Public Law 107-147), shall apply to discharges of indebtedness after December 31, 2001, in taxable years ending after that date. This subdivision shall not apply to any discharge of indebtedness made before March 1, 2002, pursuant to a plan of reorganization filed with a bankruptcy court on or before October 11, 2001.
(i) Section 108(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to deferral and ratable inclusion of income arising from business indebtedness discharged by the reacquisition of a debt instrument, shall not apply.

SEC. 31.

 Section 24345.5 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

24345.5.
 A deduction shall not be allowed for the fee imposed by subsection (a) of Section 9008 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148).

SEC. 32.

 Section 24427 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

24427.
 Section 267 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to losses, expenses, and interest with respect to transactions between related taxpayers, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.

SEC. 33.

 Section 24439 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

24439.
 (a) No deduction shall be allowed to the issuing corporation for any premium paid or incurred upon the repurchase of a bond, debenture, note, or certificate or other evidence of indebtedness which is convertible into the stock of the issuing corporation, or a corporation in the same parent-subsidiary controlled group, within the meaning of Section 1563(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to parent-subsidiary controlled group, as the issuing corporation, to the extent the repurchase price exceeds an amount equal to the adjusted issue price plus a normal call premium on bonds or other evidences of indebtedness which are not convertible. The preceding sentence shall not apply to the extent that the corporation can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Franchise Tax Board that such excess is attributable to the cost of borrowing and is not attributable to the conversion feature.
(b) For purposes of subdivision (a), the adjusted issue price is the issue price, as defined in Sections 1273(b) and 1274 of the Internal Revenue Code, increased by any amount of discount deducted before repurchase, or, in the case of bonds or other evidences of indebtedness issued after February 28, 1913, decreased by any amount of premium included in gross income before repurchase by the issuing corporation.
(c) The provisions of this section shall not apply to a convertible bond or other convertible evidence of indebtedness repurchased pursuant to a binding obligation incurred on or before April 22, 1969, to repurchase such bond or other evidence of indebtedness at a specified call premium, but no inference shall be drawn from the fact that this section does not apply to the repurchase of such convertible bond or other convertible evidence of indebtedness.
(d) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to repurchases on or after January 1, 2015.

SEC. 34.

 Section 24452.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 35.

 Section 24454 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

24454.
 Section 304(b)(5)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rule in case of foreign acquiring corporation, shall apply to acquisitions on or after January 1, 2015.

SEC. 36.

 Section 24459 is added to the Revenue and Taxation Code, to read:

24459.
 Section 382(n) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rule for certain ownership changes, shall not apply.

SEC. 37.

 Section 24870 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

24870.
 Subchapter M of Chapter 1 of Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to regulated investment companies and real estate investment trusts, shall apply, except as otherwise provided in this part.

SEC. 38.

 Section 24871 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

24871.
 (a) (1) Section 852(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to imposition of tax on regulated investment companies, shall not apply.
(2) Every regulated investment company shall be subject to the taxes imposed under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 23101) and Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 23501), except that its “net income” shall be equal to its “investment company income,” as defined in subdivision (b).
(3) (A) Section 851(d)(2)(C)(i)(I) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting “$12,500” for “$50,000.”
(B) Section 851(d)(2)(C)(i)(II) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting the phrase “the rate of tax specified in Section 23151” for the phrase “the highest rate of tax specified in section 11” contained therein.
(C) Section 851(d)(2)(C)(iii) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to administrative provisions, is modified by substituting the phrase “Article 3 of Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 19031), a tax imposed by this subparagraph shall be treated as a tax with respect to which the deficiency procedures of such article apply” for the phrase “subtitle F, a tax imposed by this subparagraph shall be treated as an excise tax with respect to which the deficiency procedures of such subtitle apply” contained therein.
(D) Section 851(i)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to imposition of tax on failures, shall not apply.
(b) “Investment company income” means investment company taxable income, as defined in Section 852(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, modified as follows:
(1) Section 852(b)(2)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to an exclusion for net capital gain, does not apply.
(2) Section 852(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to net operating losses, is modified to deny the deduction allowed under Sections 24416 and 24416.1, in lieu of denying the deduction allowed by Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(3) In lieu of the provision of Section 852(b)(2)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special deductions for corporations, no deduction shall be allowed under Sections 24402, 24406, 24410, and 25106.
(4) The deduction for dividends paid, under Section 852(b)(2)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, is modified to allow capital gain dividends and exempt interest dividends (to the extent that interest is included in gross income under this part) to be included in the computation of the deduction.
(c) Section 852(b)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to imposition of tax, shall not apply.
(d) (1) Section 852(b)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to exempt-interest dividends, is modified by substituting the phrase “that, when held by an individual, the interest therefrom is exempt from taxation by this state” for the phrase “described in section 103(a)” contained therein.
(2) Section 852(b)(5)(A)(iv)(V) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to exempt interest, is modified by substituting the phrase “on obligations that, if held by an individual, is exempt from taxation by this state, over the amounts disallowed as deductions under subdivision (b) of Section 24360 or Section 24425” for the phrase “excludable from gross income under section 103(a) over the amounts disallowed as deductions under sections 265 and 171(a)(2)” contained therein.
(3) Section 852(b)(5)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of exempt-interest dividends by shareholders, shall not apply.
(e) Section 854 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to limitations applicable to dividends received from regulated investment companies, is modified to refer to Sections 24402, 24406, 24410, and 25106, in lieu of Section 243 of the Internal Revenue Code.
(f) Section 852(g)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting the phrase “subdivision (a) of Section 17145” for the phrase “the first sentence of subsection (b)(5)” contained therein.

SEC. 39.

 Section 24871.1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is repealed.

SEC. 40.

 Section 24990.5 of the Revenue and Taxation Code is amended to read:

24990.5.
 (a) Section 1201 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to alternative tax for corporations, shall not be applicable.
(b)  The provisions of Section 1212 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to capital loss carrybacks and carryovers, are modified as follows:
(1) Section 1212(a)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to capital loss carrybacks, shall not apply.
(2) Section 1212(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rules on carrybacks, shall not apply.
(3) Sections 1212(b) and 1212(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to other taxpayers and carryback of losses from Section 1256 contracts to offset prior gains from such contracts, respectively, shall not apply.

SEC. 41.

 (a) Except as otherwise provided, the provisions of this act shall apply to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015.
(b) Sections 201 to 221, inclusive, of the Tax Technical Corrections Act of 2014 (Title II of Division A of Public Law 113-295), enacted numerous technical corrections and clarifications to provisions of the Internal Revenue Code, including technical corrections and clarifications relating to the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-240), the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-96), the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 (Title IX of Public Law 112-95), the Regulated Investment Company Modernization Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-325), the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 (Public Law 111-312), the Creating Small Business Jobs Act of 2010 (Title II of Public Law 111-240), the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment Act (Public Law 111-147), the American Recovery and Reinvestment Tax Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5), the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 (Division A of Public Law 110-343), the Energy Improvement and Extension Act of 2008 (Division B of Public Law 110-343), the Tax Extenders and Alternative Minimum Tax Relief Act of 2008 (Division C of Public Law 110-343), the Housing Assistance Tax Act of 2008 (Division C of Public Law 110-289), the Heroes Earnings Assistance and Relief Tax Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-245), the Tax Technical Corrections Act of 2007 (Public Law 110-172), the Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432), the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act of 2005: A Legacy for Users (Public Law 109-59), the Energy Tax Incentives Act of 2005 (Title XIII of Public Law 109-58), and the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-357), some of which are incorporated by reference into Part 10 (commencing with Section 17001), Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401), and Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001) of Division 2 of the Revenue and Taxation Code. Unless otherwise provided, the technical corrections described in the preceding sentence, to the extent that they correct provisions that are incorporated by reference into the Revenue and Taxation Code, are declaratory of existing law and shall be applied in the same manner and for the same periods as specified for federal purposes, or if later, the specified date of incorporation.

SEC. 42.

 It is the intent of the Legislature to confirm the validity and ongoing effect of Senate Bill No. 401 of the 2009–10 Regular Session.

SEC. 43.

 The Legislature finds and declares that the application of paragraph (2) of subdivision (f) of Section 19138 of the Revenue and Taxation Code to taxable years for which the statute of limitations on assessments has not expired as of the effective date of this act serves a public purpose by ensuring fair and consistent application of California law in cases where the Franchise Tax Board imposes on a taxpayer an alternative allocation or apportionment method under the authority of Section 25137 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

SEC. 44.

 This act is an urgency statute necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety within the meaning of Article IV of the Constitution and shall go into immediate effect. The facts constituting the necessity are:
In order to provide much needed tax relief to taxpayers in conformity with federal tax relief enacted in the last four years and to alleviate administrative burdens on state tax agencies, it is necessary that this act go into immediate effect.