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SB-992 Common interest developments: property use and maintenance.(2013-2014)

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Date Published:
SB992:v94#DOCUMENT

Senate Bill No. 992
CHAPTER 434

An act to amend Section 4735 of, and to add Section 4736 to, the Civil Code, relating to common interest developments, and declaring the urgency thereof, to take effect immediately.

[ Approved by Governor  September 18, 2014. Filed with Secretary of State  September 18, 2014. ]

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 992, Nielsen. Common interest developments: property use and maintenance.
The Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act governs the management and operation of common interest developments. Existing law provides that, unless otherwise provided in the common interest development declaration, the association is responsible for repairing, replacing, or maintaining the common area, other than exclusive use common area, and the owner of each separate interest is responsible for maintaining that separate interest and any exclusive use common area appurtenant to that interest. Existing law makes void and unenforceable any provision of the governing documents of a common interest development or association that prohibits use of low water-using plants, or prohibits or restricts compliance with water-efficient landscape ordinances or regulations on the use of water, as specified.
Existing law prohibits an association from imposing a fine or assessment on separate interest owners for reducing or eliminating watering of vegetation or lawns during any period for which the Governor has declared a state of emergency or the local government has declared a local emergency due to drought.
This bill would exempt from these prohibitions against imposing a fine or assessment an association that uses recycled water for landscape irrigation.
This bill would also provide that a provision of the governing documents is void and unenforceable if it requires pressure washing, as defined, the exterior of a separate interest and any exclusive use common area appurtenant to the separate interest during a state or local government declared drought emergency.
This bill would incorporate additional changes in Section 4735 of the Civil Code proposed in AB 2104, that would become operative only if AB 2104 and this bill are both chaptered and become effective on or before January 1, 2015, and this bill is chaptered last.
This bill would declare that it is to take effect immediately as an urgency statute.
Vote: 2/3   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NO   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 4735 of the Civil Code is amended to read:

4735.
 (a) Notwithstanding any other law, a provision of the governing documents shall be void and unenforceable if it does any of the following:
(1) Prohibits, or includes conditions that have the effect of prohibiting, the use of low water-using plants as a group.
(2) Has the effect of prohibiting or restricting compliance with either of the following:
(A) A water-efficient landscape ordinance adopted or in effect pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 65595 of the Government Code.
(B) Any regulation or restriction on the use of water adopted pursuant to Section 353 or 375 of the Water Code.
(b) This section shall not prohibit an association from applying landscaping rules established in the governing documents, to the extent the rules fully conform with subdivision (a).
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, an association, except an association that uses recycled water, as defined in Section 13050 of the Water Code, for landscaping irrigation, shall not impose a fine or assessment against an owner of a separate interest for reducing or eliminating the watering of vegetation or lawns during any period for which either of the following have occurred:
(1) The Governor has declared a state of emergency due to drought pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 8558 of the Government Code.
(2) A local government has declared a local emergency due to drought pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 8558 of the Government Code.

SEC. 1.5.

 Section 4735 of the Civil Code is amended to read:

4735.
 (a) Notwithstanding any other law, a provision of the governing documents or architectural or landscaping guidelines or policies shall be void and unenforceable if it does any of the following:
(1) Prohibits, or includes conditions that have the effect of prohibiting, the use of low water-using plants as a group or as a replacement of existing turf.
(2) Has the effect of prohibiting or restricting compliance with either of the following:
(A) A water-efficient landscape ordinance adopted or in effect pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 65595 of the Government Code.
(B) Any regulation or restriction on the use of water adopted pursuant to Section 353 or 375 of the Water Code.
(b) This section shall not prohibit an association from applying landscaping rules established in the governing documents, to the extent the rules fully conform with subdivision (a).
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, an association, except an association that uses recycled water, as defined in Section 13050 of the Water Code, for landscaping irrigation, shall not impose a fine or assessment against an owner of a separate interest for reducing or eliminating the watering of vegetation or lawns during any period for which either of the following have occurred:
(1) The Governor has declared a state of emergency due to drought pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 8558 of the Government Code.
(2) A local government has declared a local emergency due to drought pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 8558 of the Government Code.

SEC. 2.

 Section 4736 is added to the Civil Code, to read:

4736.
 (a) A provision of the governing documents shall be void and unenforceable if it requires pressure washing the exterior of a separate interest and any exclusive use common area appurtenant to the separate interest during a state or local government declared drought emergency.
(b) For purposes of this section, “pressure washing” means the use of a high-pressure sprayer or hose and potable water to remove loose paint, mold, grime, dust, mud, and dirt from surfaces and objects, including buildings, vehicles, and concrete surfaces.

SEC. 3.

 Section 1.5 of this bill incorporates amendments to Section 4735 of the Civil Code proposed by both this bill and Assembly Bill 2104. It shall only become operative if (1) both bills are enacted and become effective on or before January 1, 2015, but this bill becomes operative first, (2) each bill amends Section 4735 of the Civil Code, and (3) this bill is enacted after Assembly Bill 2104, in which case Section 4735 of the Civil Code, as amended by Section 1 of this bill, shall remain operative only until the operative date of Assembly Bill 2104, at which time Section 1.5 of this bill shall become operative.

SEC. 4.

 This act is an urgency statute necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety within the meaning of Article IV of the Constitution and shall go into immediate effect. The facts constituting the necessity are:
The Governor has proclaimed a state of emergency to exist in California due to current drought conditions. In order to respond to these current drought conditions as quickly as possible, it is necessary for this act to take effect immediately.