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HR-22 (2013-2014)

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Amended  IN  Assembly  August 26, 2013
Amended  IN  Assembly  August 20, 2013

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2013–2014 REGULAR SESSION

House Resolution No. 22


Introduced by Assembly Members John A. Pérez and Weber
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Achadjian, Alejo, Allen, Ammiano, Atkins, Bigelow, Bloom, Bocanegra, Bonilla, Bonta, Bradford, Brown, Buchanan, Ian Calderon, Campos, Chau, Chávez, Chesbro, Conway, Cooley, Dahle, Daly, Dickinson, Eggman, Fong, Fox, Frazier, Beth Gaines, Garcia, Gatto, Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gorell, Gray, Grove, Hagman, Hall, Harkey, Roger Hernández, Holden, Jones, Jones-Sawyer, Levine, Linder, Logue, Lowenthal, Maienschein, Medina, Melendez, Mitchell, Morrell, Mullin, Muratsuchi, Nazarian, Nestande, Olsen, Pan, Patterson, Perea, V. Manuel Pérez, Quirk, Quirk-Silva, Rendon, Salas, Skinner, Stone, Ting, Wagner, Waldron, Wieckowski, Wilk, Williams, and Yamada)

August 05, 2013


Relative to the March on Washington 50th anniversary.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


HR 22, as amended, John A. Pérez.

WHEREAS, The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, was one of the largest rallies for human rights in United States history and called for civil and economic rights for African Americans; and
WHEREAS, The March on Washington included musical performances by Marian Anderson, Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, and Mahalia Jackson, and a series of speeches by various civil rights leaders, including Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish religious leaders, as well as now Congressman John Lewis and the only female speaker, Josephine Baker; and
WHEREAS, At the March on Washington, Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., standing in front of the Lincoln Memorial, delivered one of the most famous speeches in American history, his “I Have a Dream” speech, advocating racial harmony and social justice; and
WHEREAS, The March on Washington was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations, under the theme “jobs and freedom,” with an estimated 200,000 to 300,000 people participating; and
WHEREAS, The 1963 March on Washington played an important part in the rapidly expanding civil rights movement, and it also marked the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln; and
WHEREAS, The March on Washington was planned and initiated by A. Philip Randolph, the President of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters -- the first predominantly black labor union. He was also President of the Negro American Labor Council and Vice President of the AFL-CIO; and
WHEREAS, When schools in the South resisted school integration following Brown v. Board of Education, Randolph organized a Prayer Pilgrimage with Martin Luther King, Jr., and in 1958 and 1959, Randolph organized youth marches for integrated schools in Washington, D.C.; and
WHEREAS, Randolph inspired the “Freedom Budget,” sometimes called the “Randolph Freedom Budget,” which aimed to deal with the economic problems facing the African American community, particularly workers and the unemployed; and
WHEREAS, Bayard Rustin was the chief organizer of the March on Washington and instrumental in organizing its logistics. He drafted off-duty police officers to be marshals and bus captains to direct traffic, and scheduled the podium speakers; and
WHEREAS, Rustin was an American leader in social movements for civil rights, nonviolence, and gay rights and became a leading strategist in the civil rights movement from 1955 to 1968, helping to organize the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to strengthen Martin Luther King, Jr.’s leadership and promote the philosophy and practice of nonviolent resistance; and
WHEREAS, Commemorating the 1963 March on Washington affirms our nation’s and our state’s commitment to achieving the social and economic justice sought by the marchers and their vision of social equality, opportunity, and racial harmony embodied in the Martin Luther King, Jr.’s captivating “I Have A Dream” speech; and
WHEREAS, Bayard Rustin proclaimed the demands of the March on Washington to be “effective civil rights legislation,” an end to segregation “in every school district in the year 1963,” “the enforcement of the Fourteenth Amendment” to the United States Constitution, a ban on “discrimination in all housing supported by federal funds,” “an increase in the national minimum wage so that men may live in dignity,” and that “all of the rights that are given to any citizen be given to black men and men of every minority group” including a strong Fair Employment Practices Commission; and
WHEREAS, The March on Washington is widely credited with helping to pave the way for passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965; and
WHEREAS, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 laid the foundation of civil rights legislation in the United States when it outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national, and religious minorities, and women; and
WHEREAS, In addition, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 became the landmark federal legislation in the United States to prohibit discrimination in voting. This act, echoing the language of the Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, prohibits states and local governments from imposing any “voting qualification or prerequisite to voting, or standard, practice, or procedure ... to deny or abridge the right of any citizen of the United States to vote on account of race or color”; and
WHEREAS, In recent years, states have enacted voting laws that could potentially disenfranchise voters; now, therefore, be it
Resolved, By the Assembly of the State of California, That the Assembly commemorates the 50th anniversary of the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom and how it served as a catalyst for the passage of landmark legislative reforms, such as the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964; and be it further
Resolved, That the sacrifices made by the leaders and participants of the March on Washington 50 years ago are recognized and honored for their role in the advancement of civil rights and social justice in the United States; and be it further
Resolved, That the Chief Clerk of the Assembly transmit copies of this resolution to the author for appropriate distribution.