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AB-1639 California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006: greenhouse gas emissions limit.(2013-2014)

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AB1639:v98#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  April 22, 2014

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2013–2014 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1639


Introduced by Assembly Member Grove

February 11, 2014


An act to amend Section 39712 of, and to add Section 38597.1 to, 39712.1 tothe Health and Safety Code, relating to greenhouse gases.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1639, as amended, Grove. California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006: greenhouse gas emissions limit.
The California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 designates the State Air Resources Board as the state agency charged with monitoring and regulating sources of emissions of greenhouse gases. The state board is required to adopt a statewide greenhouse gas emissions limit equivalent to the statewide greenhouse gas emissions level in 1990 to be achieved by 2020.
The act also authorizes the state board to include the use of market-based compliance mechanisms. Existing law requires all moneys, except for fines and penalties, collected by the state board as part of a market-based compliance mechanism, commonly known as cap-and-trade revenues, to be deposited in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund and to be available upon appropriation by the Legislature. Existing law requires the Department of Finance, in consultation with the state board and any other relevant state agency, to develop, as specified, a 3-year investment plan for the moneys deposited in the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund.
Existing law creates the High-Speed Rail Authority, with specified powers and duties relative to development and construction of a high-speed rail system.
This bill would state the intent of the Legislature that moneys derived from emissions reductions measures be expended to achieve the maximum technologically feasible and cost-effective reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in furtherance of achieving the statewide greenhouse gas emissions limit. The bill, as part of the 3-year investment plan, would require moneys appropriated from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund be used to achieve the statewide greenhouse gas emissions limit provide that cap-and-trade revenues shall not be appropriated from the fund for purposes of the high-speed rail system, and would make legislative findings and declarations in that regard.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares both of the following:
(a) The Legislative Analyst’s Office, in its March 27, 2014, report to the Legislature, concludes that using cap-and-trade auction revenues for high-speed rail may not maximize greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions, citing the following reasons in support of that conclusion:
(1) The high-speed rail project would not contribute significant GHG reductions before 2020, which is the statutory target for reaching 1990 emissions. This is because the high-speed rail system will not be operational until 2022.
(2) The construction of high-speed rail would actually generate GHG emissions of 30,000 metric tons over the next several years.
(b) It is therefore not appropriate to allocate cap-and-trade auction revenues from the Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund to the high-speed rail system.

SEC. 2.

 Section 39712.1 is added to the Health and Safety Code, to read:

39712.1.
 Moneys shall not be appropriated from the fund for purposes of the high-speed rail system.

SECTION 1.Section 38597.1 is added to the Health and Safety Code, to read:
38597.1.

It is the intent of the Legislature that moneys derived from emissions reductions measures established pursuant to this division shall be expended to achieve the maximum technologically feasible and cost-effective reductions in greenhouse gas emissions in furtherance of achieving the statewide greenhouse gas emissions limit established pursuant to Section 38550.

SEC. 2.Section 39712 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:
39712.

(a)(1)It is the intent of the Legislature that moneys shall be appropriated from the fund only in a manner consistent with the requirements of this chapter and Article 9.7 (commencing with Section 16428.8) of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.

(2)The state shall not approve allocations for a measure or program using moneys appropriated from the fund except after determining, based on the available evidence, that the use of those moneys furthers the regulatory purposes of Division 25.5 (commencing with Section 38500) and is consistent with law. If any expenditure of moneys from the fund for any measure or project is determined by a court to be inconsistent with law, the allocations for the remaining measures or projects shall be severable and shall not be affected.

(b)Moneys shall be used to facilitate the achievement of reductions of greenhouse gas emissions in this state consistent with Division 25.5 (commencing with Section 38500), to achieve the statewide greenhouse gas emissions limit established pursuant to Section 38550, and, where applicable and to the extent feasible:

(1)Maximize economic, environmental, and public health benefits to the state.

(2)Foster job creation by promoting in-state greenhouse gas emissions reduction projects carried out by California workers and businesses.

(3)Complement efforts to improve air quality.

(4)Direct investment toward the most disadvantaged communities and households in the state.

(5)Provide opportunities for businesses, public agencies, nonprofits, and other community institutions to participate in and benefit from statewide efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

(6)Lessen the impacts and effects of climate change on the state’s communities, economy, and environment.

(c)Moneys appropriated from the fund may be allocated, consistent with subdivision (a), for the purpose of reducing greenhouse gas emissions in this state through investments that may include, but are not limited to, any of the following:

(1)Funding to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through energy efficiency, clean and renewable energy generation, distributed renewable energy generation, transmission and storage, and other related actions, including, but not limited to, at public universities, state and local public buildings, and industrial and manufacturing facilities.

(2)Funding to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the development of state‑of‑the‑art systems to move goods and freight, advanced technology vehicles and vehicle infrastructure, advanced biofuels, and low‑carbon and efficient public transportation.

(3)Funding to reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with water use and supply, land and natural resource conservation and management, forestry, and sustainable agriculture.

(4)Funding to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through strategic planning and development of sustainable infrastructure projects, including, but not limited to, transportation and housing.

(5)Funding to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through increased in-state diversion of municipal solid waste from disposal through waste reduction, diversion, and reuse.

(6)Funding to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through investments in programs implemented by local and regional agencies, local and regional collaboratives, and nonprofit organizations coordinating with local governments.

(7)Funding research, development, and deployment of innovative technologies, measures, and practices related to programs and projects funded pursuant to this chapter.