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AB-1291 Privacy: Right to Know Act of 2013: disclosure of a customer’s personal information.(2013-2014)

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Amended  IN  Assembly  April 01, 2013

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2013–2014 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 1291


Introduced by Assembly Member Lowenthal
(Coauthors: Assembly Members Chau and Rendon)

February 22, 2013


An act to repeal and add Section 1798.83 to the Civil Code, relating to privacy.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1291, as amended, Lowenthal. Privacy: Right to Know Act of 2013: disclosure of a customer’s personal information.
(1) Existing law requires a business to ensure the privacy of a customer’s personal information, as defined, contained in records by destroying, or arranging for the destruction of, the records, as specified. Any customer injured by a business’ violation of these provisions is entitled to recover damages, obtain injunctive relief, or seek other remedies.
This bill would create the Right to Know Act of 2013, would repeal and reorganize certain provisions of existing law, and would provide legislative findings in support thereof.
(2) Existing law also requires a business that collects customer information for marketing purposes and that discloses a customer’s personal information to a 3rd party for direct marketing purposes, to provide the customer with whom it had a business relationship, as defined, within 30 days after the customer’s request, as specified, in writing or by e-mail, the names and addresses of the recipients of that information and specified details regarding the information disclosed, except as specified. Existing law requires a business subject to these provisions to provide an address, electronic address, or toll-free telephone or facsimile number that a customer may use to deliver requests for copies of his or her personal information.
This bill would instead require any business that has retains a customer’s personal information, as defined, or discloses that information to a 3rd party, to provide at no charge, within 30 days of the customer’s specified request, a copy of that information to the customer as well as the names and contact information for all 3rd parties with which the business has shared the information during the previous 12 months, regardless of any business relationship with the customer. This bill would require that a business subject to these provisions choose one of several specified options to provide the customer with a designated address for use in making a request for copies of information under these provisions.
(3) Existing law also requires a business that is required to comply with these provisions to provide information to customers regarding its privacy policy and to provide a designated means of preventing disclosure of personal information.
This bill would require a business that is required to comply with these provisions to provide specified notice to the customer of its privacy policies.
(4) Existing law provides that a customer who sustains injury as a result of a violation of these provisions is entitled to specified remedies, including civil penalties.
This bill would also provide that a violation of these provisions is deemed to constitute an injury to the customer for purposes of seeking remedies available under law.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: NO   Local Program: NO  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 This act shall be known and may be cited as the Right to Know Act of 2013.

SEC. 2.

 The Legislature hereby finds and declares all of the following:
(a) The right to privacy is a personal and fundamental right protected by Section 1 of Article I of the California Constitution and by the United States Constitution. All individuals have a right of privacy in information pertaining to them.
(b) This state has previously recognized the importance of providing Californians with transparency about how their personal information has been shared by businesses by enacting Section 1798.83 of the Civil Code into law in 2003 and finding and declaring the following:
“For free market forces to have a role in shaping the privacy practices of California businesses and for ‘opt-in’ and ‘opt-out’ remedies to be effective, Californians must be more than vaguely informed that a business might share personal information with third parties. Consumers must, for these reasons and pursuant to Section 1 of Article 1 of the California Constitution, be better informed about what kinds of personal information are purchased by businesses for direct marketing purposes. With these specifics, consumers can knowledgeably choose to opt-in or opt-out or choose among businesses that disclose information to third parties for direct marketing purposes on the basis of how protective the business is of consumers’ privacy.”
(c) Since Section 1798.83 of the Civil Code was first enacted in 2003, technology has advanced exponentially and business practices have changed dramatically.
(d) Businesses are now collecting types of personal information not included in the original law and sharing and selling it in ways not contemplated or properly covered by the current law.
(e) Some Web sites are installing up to 100 tracking tools when consumers visit Web pages and sending very personal information such as age, gender, race, income, health concerns, and recent purchases to third-party advertising and marketing companies.
(f) Third-party data broker companies are buying, selling, and trading personal information obtained from mobile phones, financial institutions, social media sites, and other online and brick and mortar companies.
(g) Some mobile applications are sharing personal information, such as location information, unique phone identification numbers, and age, gender, and other personal details with third-party companies.
(h) Californians need to know the ways that their personal information is being collected by companies and then shared or sold to third parties in order to properly protect their privacy, personal safety, and financial security.

SECTION 1.SEC. 3.

 Section 1798.83 of the Civil Code is repealed.

SEC. 2.SEC. 4.

 Section 1798.83 is added to the Civil Code, to read:

1798.83.
 (a) (1) A business that has retains a customer’s personal information shall make available to the customer free of charge access to, or copies of, all of the customer’s personal information held retained by the business.
(2) A business that has discloses a customer’s personal information and discloses that personal information to a third party shall make the following information available to the customer free of charge:
(A) All categories of the customer’s personal information that was were disclosed, including the categories set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (e) (d).
(B) The names and contact information of all of the third parties that received the customer’s personal information from the business, including the third party’s designated request address or addresses if available.
(b) A business required to comply with subdivision (a) shall make the required information available by one or more of the following means:
(1) By providing a designated request address and, upon receipt of a request under this section to the designated request address, providing the customer within 30 days with the required information for all disclosures occurring in the prior 12 months, provided that:
(A) If the business has an online privacy policy, that policy includes a description of a customer’s rights pursuant to this section accompanied by one or more designated request addresses. A business with multiple online privacy policies must include a description this information in the policy of each product or service that collects personal information that may be disclosed to a third party.
(B) The business ensures that all persons responsible for handling customer inquiries about the business’ privacy practices or the business’ compliance with this section are informed of all designated request addresses.
(C) The business provides information pertaining to the specific customer if that information is reasonably available to the business, and provides information in standardized format if information pertaining to the specific customer is not reasonably available.
(2) For information required to be provided by paragraph (2) of subdivision (a), by providing the customer with notice including the required information prior to or immediately following a disclosure.
(3) By providing the customer the disclosure required by Section 6803 of Title 15 of the United States Code, but only if the disclosure also complies with this section.
(c) (1) A business is not obligated to provide more than one notice under paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) to the same customer in a 12-month period about the disclosure of the same personal information to the same third party and is not obligated under paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) to respond to a request by the same customer more than once within a given 12-month period.
(2) A business is not obligated to provide information to the customer pursuant to subdivision (a) if the business cannot reasonably verify that the individual making the request is the customer.

(d)A violation of this section by a business subject to these provisions is deemed to constitute an injury to a customer.

(e)

(d) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) “Categories of personal information” includes, but is not limited to, the following:
(A) Identity information including, but not limited to, real name, alias, nickname, and user name.
(B) Address information, including, but not limited to, postal address or e-mail.
(C) Telephone number.
(D) Account name.
(E) Social security number or other government-issued identification number, including, but not limited to, social security number, driver’s license number, identification card number, and passport number.
(F) Birthdate or age.
(G) Physical characteristic information, including, but not limited to, height and weight.
(H) Sexual information, including, but not limited to, sexual orientation, sex, gender status, gender identity, and gender expression.
(I) Race or ethnicity.
(J) Religious affiliation or activity.
(K) Political affiliation or activity.
(L) Professional or employment-related information.
(M) Educational information.
(N) Medical information, including, but not limited to, medical conditions or drugs, therapies, mental health, or medical products or equipment used.
(O) Financial information, including, but not limited to, credit, debit, or account numbers, account balances, payment history, or information related to assets, liabilities, or general creditworthiness.
(P) Commercial information, including, but not limited to, records of property, products or services provided, obtained, or considered, or other purchasing or consuming histories or tendencies.
(Q) Location information.
(R) Internet or mobile activity information, including, but not limited to, Internet Protocol addresses or information concerning the access or use of any Internet or mobile-based site or service.
(S) Content, including text, photographs, audio or video recordings, or other material generated by or provided by the customer.
(T) Any of the above categories of information as they pertain to the children of the customer.
(2) (A) “Customer” means an individual who is a resident of California who provides personal information to a business, with or without an exchange of consideration, in the course of purchasing, viewing, accessing, renting, leasing, or otherwise using real or personal property, or any interest therein, or obtaining a product or service from the business including advertising or any other content.
(B) An individual is also the customer of a business if that business obtained the personal information of that individual from any other business.
(3) “Designated request address” means a mailing address, e-mail address, Web page, toll-free telephone number, or other applicable contact information, whereby customers may request or obtain the information required to be provided under subdivision (a).
(4) (A) “Disclose” means to disclose, release, share, transfer, disseminate, make available, or otherwise communicate orally, in writing, or by electronic or any other means to any third party as defined in this section.
(B) “Disclose” does not include:
(i) Disclosure of personal information by a business to a third party pursuant to a written contract authorizing the third party to utilize the personal information to perform services on behalf of the business, including maintaining or servicing accounts, providing customer service, processing or fulfilling orders and transactions, verifying customer information, processing payments, providing financing, or similar services, but only if (I) the contract prohibits the third party from using the personal information for any reason other than performing the specified service(s) on behalf of the business and from disclosing any such personal information to additional third parties and (II) the business effectively enforces these prohibitions.
(ii) Disclosure of personal information by a business to a third party based on a good-faith belief that disclosure is required to comply with applicable law, regulation, legal process, or court order.
(iii) Disclosure of personal information by a business to a third party that is reasonably necessary to address fraud, security, or technical issues; to protect the disclosing business’s rights or property; or to protect customers or the public from illegal activities as required or permitted by law.
(iv) Disclosure of personal information by a business to a third party that is otherwise lawfully available to the general public, provided that the business did not direct the third party to the personal information.
(5) “Personal information” means:
(A) Any information that identifies or references a particular individual or electronic device, including, but not limited to, a real name, alias, postal address, telephone number, electronic mail address, Internet Protocol address, account name, social security number, driver’s license number, passport number, or any other identifier intended or able to be uniquely associated with a particular individual or device.
(B) Any information that relates to or describes an individual, including, but not limited to, any information specifically listed in subdivision (e) of Section 1798.80 of the Civil Code, and including inferences or conclusions drawn from other information, if such information is disclosed in connection with any identifying or referencing information as defined in subparagraph (A) above.
(6) (A) “Retains” means to store or otherwise hold information, whether the information is collected or obtained directly from the subject of the information or from any third party.
(B) “Retains” does not include information that is stored or otherwise held solely for one or more of the following purposes, so long as the information is deleted as soon as it is no longer needed for those purposes:
(i) To perform a service or complete a transaction initiated by or on behalf of the customer, including maintaining or servicing accounts, providing customer service, processing or fulfilling orders and transactions, verifying customer information, processing payments, providing financing, or similar services.
(ii) To address fraud, security, or technical issues; to protect the disclosing business’ rights or property; or to protect customers or the public from illegal activities as required or permitted by law.
(iii) To comply with applicable law or regulation or with a court order or other legal process where the business has a good-faith belief that the law, regulation, court order, or legal process requires the information to be stored or held.

(6)

(7) “Third party” or “third parties” means one or more of the following:
(A) A business that is a separate legal entity from the business that has disclosed personal information.
(B) A business that does not share common ownership or common corporate control with the business that has disclosed personal information.
(C) A business that does not share a brand name or common branding with the business that has disclosed personal information such that the affiliate relationship is clear to the customer.

(f)

(e) The provisions of this section are severable. If any provision of this section or its application is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.
(f) A violation of this section constitutes an injury to a customer. A civil action to recover penalties pursuant to Section 1798.84 may be brought by a customer, the Attorney General, a district attorney, a city attorney, or a city prosecutor, in a court of competent jurisdiction.