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AB-1754 Voluntary certification: makeup artists.(2011-2012)

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AB1754:v99#DOCUMENT


CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2011–2012 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill
No. 1754


Introduced  by  Assembly Member Mendoza

February 17, 2012


An act to amend Sections 7301, 7316, 7319, 7332, and 7334 of, and to add Sections 7325 and 7364.5 to, the Business and Professions Code, relating to barbering and cosmetology.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 1754, as introduced, Mendoza. Voluntary certification: makeup artists.
Existing law, the Barbering and Cosmetology Act, provides for the licensure and regulation of the practice of barbering and cosmetology, including the practice of skin care by licensed estheticians. Existing law requires the State Board of Barbering and Cosmetology to administer the act. A violation of the act is a crime. Existing law requires an applicant for an esthetician license to practice skin care, defined as, among other things, giving facials, applying makeup, and beautifying and massaging the face and neck using specified substances and certain devices, to complete an application, pass an examination, pay an application and examination fee, and meet other educational requirements. Existing law also authorizes an applicant for an esthetician license to satisfy those other educational requirements by, among other things, completing an apprenticeship program in which a licensed apprentice learns and acquires knowledge about skin care under the supervision of a board-approved licensee. Existing law generally makes licenses issued by the board subject to biennial renewal and imposes a specified renewal fee.
This bill would provide for the voluntary certification of makeup artists. The bill would define the practice of makeup artistry to include applying makeup, as defined, applying prosthetics, lash and brow tinting, the application of false eyelashes, and skin analysis. The bill would require applicants for a certificate to pay a fee in a specified amount, and would further require that applicants satisfy certain educational requirements, or, alternatively, submit documentation of prior experience or education, as specified. The bill would make other conforming changes.
Because a violation of the act by a makeup artist would constitute a crime, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 7301 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7301.
 This chapter constitutes the chapter on hair, skin, makeup artistry, nail care, and electrolysis and may be known and cited as the Barbering and Cosmetology Act.

SEC. 2.

 Section 7316 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7316.
 (a) The practice of barbering is all or any combination of the following practices:
(1) Shaving or trimming the beard or cutting the hair.
(2) Giving facial and scalp massages or treatments with oils, creams, lotions, or other preparations either by hand or mechanical appliances.
(3) Singeing, shampooing, arranging, dressing, curling, waving, chemical waving, hair relaxing, or dyeing the hair or applying hair tonics.
(4) Applying cosmetic preparations, antiseptics, powders, oils, clays, or lotions to scalp, face, or neck.
(5) Hairstyling of all textures of hair by standard methods that are current at the time of the hairstyling.
(b) The practice of cosmetology is all or any combination of the following practices:
(1) Arranging, dressing, curling, waving, machineless permanent waving, permanent waving, cleansing, cutting, shampooing, relaxing, singeing, bleaching, tinting, coloring, straightening, dyeing, applying hair tonics to, beautifying, or otherwise treating by any means, the hair of any person.
(2) Massaging, cleaning, or stimulating the scalp, face, neck, arms, or upper part of the human body, by means of the hands, devices, apparatus or appliances, with or without the use of cosmetic preparations, antiseptics, tonics, lotions, or creams.
(3) Beautifying the face, neck, arms, or upper part of the human body, by use of cosmetic preparations, antiseptics, tonics, lotions, or creams.
(4) Removing superfluous hair from the body of any person by the use of depilatories or by the use of tweezers, chemicals, or preparations or by the use of devices or appliances of any kind or description, except by the use of light waves, commonly known as rays.
(5) Cutting, trimming, polishing, tinting, coloring, cleansing, or manicuring the nails of any person.
(6) Massaging, cleansing, treating, or beautifying the hands or feet of any person.
(c) Within the practice of cosmetology there exist the specialty branches of skin care and, nail care, and makeup artistry.
(1) Skin care is any one or more of the following practices:
(A) Giving facials, applying makeup, giving skin care, removing superfluous hair from the body of any person by the use of depilatories, tweezers or waxing, or applying eyelashes to any person.
(B) Beautifying the face, neck, arms, or upper part of the human body, by use of cosmetic preparations, antiseptics, tonics, lotions, or creams.
(C) Massaging, cleaning, or stimulating the face, neck, arms, or upper part of the human body, by means of the hands, devices, apparatus, or appliances, with the use of cosmetic preparations, antiseptics, tonics, lotions, or creams.
(2) Nail care is the practice of cutting, trimming, polishing, coloring, tinting, cleansing, manicuring, or pedicuring the nails of any person or massaging, cleansing, or beautifying from the elbow to the fingertips or the knee to the toes of any person.
(3) (A) The practice of makeup artistry includes applying makeup and prosthetics, lash and brow tinting, the application of false eyelashes, and skin analysis.
(B) For the purposes of this chapter, “makeup” is defined as a cosmetic substance such as, but not limited to, a cream, lotion, or powder used to color and beautify the face and other parts of the body in order to improve, alter, or enhance appearance and includes fashion makeup, theatrical makeup, special effects makeup, airbrushing, high-definition makeup, and corrective makeup.
(d) The practice of barbering and the practice of cosmetology do not include any of the following:
(1) The mere sale, fitting, or styling of wigs or hairpieces.
(2) Natural hair braiding. Natural hair braiding is a service that results in tension on hair strands or roots by twisting, wrapping, weaving, extending, locking, or braiding by hand or mechanical device, provided that the service does not include haircutting or the application of dyes, reactive chemicals, or other preparations to alter the color of the hair or to straighten, curl, or alter the structure of the hair.
(3) Threading. Threading is a technique that results in removing hair by twisting thread around unwanted hair and pulling it from the skin and the incidental trimming of eyebrow hair.
(e) Notwithstanding paragraph (2) of subdivision (d), a person who engages in natural hairstyling, which is defined as the provision of natural hair braiding services together with any of the services or procedures defined within the regulated practices of barbering or cosmetology, is subject to regulation pursuant to this chapter and shall obtain and maintain a barbering or cosmetology license as applicable to the services respectively offered or performed.
(f) Electrolysis is the practice of removing hair from, or destroying hair on, the human body by the use of an electric needle only.
“Electrolysis” as used in this chapter includes electrolysis or thermolysis.

SEC. 3.

 Section 7319 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7319.
 The following persons are exempt from this chapter:
(a) All persons authorized by the laws of this state to practice medicine, surgery, dentistry, pharmacy, osteopathic medicine, chiropractic, naturopathy, podiatry, or nursing and acting within the scope of practice for which they are licensed.
(b) Commissioned officers of the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, members of the United States Public Health Service, and attendants attached to those services when engaged in the actual performance of their official duties.
(c) Persons employed to render barbering, cosmetology, or electrolysis services in the course of and incidental to the business of employers engaged in the theatrical, radio, television or motion picture production industry.
(d) Persons engaged in any practice within its scope when done outside of a licensed establishment, without compensation.
(e) Persons engaged in the administration of hair, skin, makeup, or nail products for the exclusive purpose of recommending, demonstrating, or selling those products.
(f) Persons who render barbering or cosmetology services in an institutional program during the course of and incidental to the incarceration or confinement of inmates, prisoners, or persons charged with a crime. However, all of the following conditions shall apply:
(1) Those persons shall complete a barbering training course, developed by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation and approved by the Department of Consumer Affairs, in the proper care of instruments and the prevention of infectious diseases.
(2) Those persons shall successfully pass an examination, developed and administered by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, on the proper care of instruments and the prevention of infectious diseases.
(3) All barbering facilities located in correctional institutions shall be subject to all appropriate health and safety sanitation standards, as determined by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.

SEC. 4.

 Section 7325 is added to the Business and Professions Code, to read:

7325.
 (a) It is the intent of this section to create a voluntary certification for makeup artists by the board in order to provide consumers with public health and safety protection from unsanitary practices and better employment opportunities for makeup artists.
(b) The board shall issue a certificate to an applicant who satisfies the requirements of subdivision (c) and pays the initial certificate fee of not more than forty-five dollars ($45).
(c) In order to obtain voluntary certification as a makeup artist, an applicant shall submit an application, in proper form, pay the application fee, and provide the board with satisfactory evidence of the following:
(1) That he or she is not less than 17 years of age.
(2) That he or she has completed the 10th grade in the public schools of this state or its equivalent.
(3) That he or she is not subject to denial pursuant to Section 480.
(4) That he or she meets any of the following requirements:
(A) Completed a course in makeup artistry from a school approved by the board.
(B) Completed the apprenticeship program in makeup artistry specified in Article 4 (commencing with Section 7332).
(C) Belongs to a makeup artist union.
(D) Can provide documentation of at least three years of experience practicing makeup artistry. For the purposes of this subdivision, documentation includes dated tear sheets with the makeup artist’s name credited, a valid dated membership with an industry organization, a license from the Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education as a makeup artist instructor, a diploma from a board-approved makeup school, or a certificate of experience from a licensed establishment. This subparagraph shall become inoperative on January 1, 2015.
(E) Can provide documentation of less than three years of experience practicing makeup artistry and completed 80 hours of practical training and technical instruction from a board-approved makeup artistry school. This subparagraph shall become inoperative on January 1, 2015.
(d) A certificate shall be valid for a two-year period and thereafter shall be renewable upon the payment of a renewal fee of not more than forty-five dollars ($45).
(e) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a cosmetologist licensed pursuant to Section 7321 or an esthetician licensed pursuant to Section 7324 from applying makeup without a certificate. However, a makeup artist desiring to practice cosmetology or skin care shall be subject to the licensure requirements of Section 7324.

SEC. 5.

 Section 7332 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7332.
 An apprentice is any person who is licensed by the board to engage in learning or acquiring a knowledge of barbering, cosmetology, skin care, makeup artistry, nail care, or electrology, in a licensed establishment under the supervision of a licensee approved by the board.

SEC. 6.

 Section 7334 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read:

7334.
 (a) The board may license as an apprentice in barbering, cosmetology, skin care, or nail care, or makeup artistry any person who has made application to the board upon the proper form, has paid the fee required by this chapter, and who is qualified as follows:
(1) Is over 16 years of age.
(2) Has completed the 10th grade in the public schools of this state or its equivalent.
(3) Is not subject to denial pursuant to Section 480.
(4) Has submitted evidence acceptable to the board that any training the apprentice is required by law to obtain shall be conducted in a licensed establishment and under the supervision of a licensee approved by the board.
(b) The board may license as an apprentice in electrolysis any person who has made application to the board upon the proper form, has paid the fee required by this chapter, and who is qualified as follows:
(1) Is not less than 17 years of age.
(2) Has completed the 12th grade or an accredited senior high school course of study in schools of this state or its equivalent.
(3) Is not subject to denial pursuant to Section 480.
(4) Has submitted evidence acceptable to the board that any training the apprentice is required by law to obtain shall be conducted in a licensed establishment and under the supervision of a licensee approved by the board.
(c) All persons making application as an apprentice in barbering shall also complete a minimum of 39 hours of preapprentice training in a facility approved by the board prior to serving the general public.
(d) All persons making application as an apprentice in cosmetology, skin care, nail care, makeup artistry, or electrology shall also complete minimum preapprentice training for the length of time established by the board in a facility approved by the board prior to serving the general public.
(e) Apprentices may only perform services on the general public for which they have received technical training.
(f) Apprentices shall be required to obtain at least the minimum hours of technical instruction and minimum number of practical operations for each subject as specified in board regulations for courses taught in schools approved by the board, in accordance with Sections 3074 and 3078 of the Labor Code.

SEC. 7.

 Section 7364.5 is added to the Business and Professions Code, to read:

7364.5.