Bill Text

Bill Information

Add To My Favorites | print page

AB-154 Health care coverage: mental health services.(2011-2012)

SHARE THIS:share this bill in Facebookshare this bill in Twitter
AB154:v97#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  January 23, 2012
Amended  IN  Assembly  March 24, 2011

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2011–2012 REGULAR SESSION

Assembly Bill No. 154


Introduced  by  Assembly Member Beall
(Coauthor(s): Assembly Member Ammiano, Dickinson)

January 18, 2011


An act to add Section 22856 to the Government Code, to add Section 1374.74 1374.76 to the Health and Safety Code, and to add Section 10144.8 to the Insurance Code, relating to health care coverage.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


AB 154, as amended, Beall. Health care coverage: mental health services.
Existing law, the Knox-Keene Health Care Service Plan Act of 1975, provides for the licensure and regulation of health care service plans by the Department of Managed Health Care and makes a willful violation of the act a crime. Existing law also provides for the regulation of health insurers by the Department of Insurance. Under existing law, a health care service plan contract and a health insurance policy are required to provide coverage for the diagnosis and treatment of severe mental illnesses of a person of any age. Existing law does not define the term “severe mental illnesses” for this purpose but describes it as including several conditions.
This bill would expand this coverage requirement for certain health care service plan contracts and health insurance policies issued, amended, or renewed on or after January 1, 2012 2013, to include the diagnosis and treatment of a mental illness of a person of any age and would define mental illness for this purpose as a mental disorder defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV), including substance abuse but excluding nicotine dependence and specified diagnoses defined in the manual, subject to regulatory revision, as specified. The bill would specify that this requirement does not apply to a health care benefit plan, contract, or health insurance policy with the Board of Administration of the Public Employees’ Retirement System unless the board elects to purchase a plan, contract, or policy that provides mental health coverage.
This bill would also exempt certain health care service contracts entered into by the Managed Risk Medical Insurance Board from its provisions.
Because this bill would expand coverage requirements for health care service plans, the willful violation of which would be a crime, it would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 22856 is added to the Government Code, to read:

22856.
 The board may purchase a health care benefit plan or contract or a health insurance policy that includes mental health coverage as described in Section 1374.74 1374.76 of the Health and Safety Code or Section 10144.8 of the Insurance Code.

SEC. 2.

 Section 1374.74 1374.76 is added to the Health and Safety Code, immediately following Section 1374.74, to read:

1374.74.1374.76.
 (a) A health care service plan contract issued, amended, or renewed on or after January 1, 2012 2013, that provides hospital, medical, or surgical coverage shall provide coverage for the diagnosis and medically necessary treatment of a mental illness of a person of any age, including a child, under the same terms and conditions applied to other medical conditions as specified in subdivision (c) of Section 1374.72. The benefits provided under this section shall include all those set forth in subdivision (b) of Section 1374.72.
(b) (1) “Mental illness” for the purposes of this section means a mental disorder defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association, and includes substance abuse, but excludes treatment of the following diagnoses, all as defined in the manual:
(A) Noncompliance With Treatment (V15.81).
(B) Partner Relational Problem (V61.1).
(C) Physical/Sexual Abuse of an Adult (V61.12).
(D) Parent-Child Relational Problem (V61.20).
(E) Child Neglect (V61.21).
(F) Physical/Sexual Abuse of a Child (V61.21).
(G) Sibling Relational Problem (V61.8).
(H) Relational Problem Related to a Mental Disorder or General Medical Condition (V61.9).
(I) Occupational Problem (V62.29).
(J) Academic Problem (V62.3).
(K) Acculturation Problem (V62.4).
(L) Relational Problems (V62.81).
(M) Bereavement (V62.82).
(N) Physical/Sexual Abuse of an Adult (V62.83).
(O) Borderline Intellectual Functioning (V62.89).
(P) Phase of Life Problem (V62.89).
(Q) Religious or Spiritual Problem (V62.89).
(R) Malingering (V65.2).
(S) Adult Antisocial Behavior (V71.01).
(T) Child or Adolescent Antisocial Behavior (V71.02).
(U) There is not a Diagnosis or a Condition on Axis I (V71.09).
(V) There is not a Diagnosis on Axis II (V71.09).
(W)  Nicotine Dependence (305.10).
(2) Following publication of each subsequent volume of the manual, the definition of “mental illness” shall be subject to revision to conform to, in whole or in part, the list of mental disorders defined in the then-current volume of the manual.
(3) Any revision to the definition of “mental illness” pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be established by regulation promulgated jointly by the department and the Department of Insurance.
(c) (1) For the purpose of compliance with this section, a plan may provide coverage for all or part of the mental health services required by this section through a separate specialized health care service plan or mental health plan and shall not be required to obtain an additional or specialized license for this purpose.
(2) A plan shall provide the mental health coverage required by this section in its entire service area and in emergency situations as may be required by applicable laws and regulations. For purposes of this section, health care service plan contracts that provide benefits to enrollees through preferred provider contracting arrangements are not precluded from requiring enrollees who reside or work in geographic areas served by specialized health care service plans or mental health plans to secure all or part of their mental health services within those geographic areas served by specialized health care service plans or mental health plans.
(3) In the provision of benefits required by this section, a health care service plan may utilize case management, network providers, utilization review techniques, prior authorization, copayments, or other cost sharing to the extent permitted by law or regulation.
(d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to deny or restrict in any way the department’s authority to ensure plan compliance with this chapter when a plan provides coverage for prescription drugs.
(e) This section shall not apply to contracts entered into pursuant to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 14000) or Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 14200) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, between the State Department of Health Care Services and a health care service plan for enrolled Medi-Cal beneficiaries.
(f) This section shall not apply to a health care benefit plan or contract entered into with the Board of Administration of the Public Employees’ Retirement System pursuant to the Public Employees’ Medical and Hospital Care Act (Part 5 (commencing with Section 22750) of Division 5 of Title 2 of the Government Code) unless the board elects, pursuant to Section 22856 of the Government Code, to purchase a health care benefit plan or contract that provides mental health coverage as described in this section.
(g) This section shall not apply to accident-only, specified disease, hospital indemnity, Medicare supplement, dental-only, or vision-only health care service plan contracts.
(h) This section shall not apply to contracts between the Managed Risk Medical Insurance Board and health care service plans pursuant to the California Major Risk Medical Insurance Program (Part 6.5 (commencing with Section 12700) of the Insurance Code) or the Access for Infants and Mothers Program (Part 6.3 (commencing with Section 12695) of the Insurance Code).

SEC. 3.

 Section 10144.8 is added to the Insurance Code, to read:

10144.8.
 (a) A policy of health insurance that covers hospital, medical, or surgical expenses in this state that is issued, amended, or renewed on or after January 1, 2012 2013, shall provide coverage for the diagnosis and medically necessary treatment of a mental illness of a person of any age, including a child, under the same terms and conditions applied to other medical conditions as specified in subdivision (c) of Section 10144.5. The benefits provided under this section shall include all those set forth in subdivision (b) of Section 10144.5.
(b) (1) “Mental illness” for the purposes of this section means a mental disorder defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV), published by the American Psychiatric Association, and includes substance abuse, but excludes treatment of the following diagnoses, all as defined in the manual:
(A) Noncompliance With Treatment (V15.81).
(B) Partner Relational Problem (V61.1).
(C) Physical/Sexual Abuse of an Adult (V61.12).
(D) Parent-Child Relational Problem (V61.20).
(E) Child Neglect (V61.21).
(F) Physical/Sexual Abuse of a Child (V61.21).
(G) Sibling Relational Problem (V61.8).
(H) Relational Problem Related to a Mental Disorder or General Medical Condition (V61.9).
(I) Occupational Problem (V62.29).
(J) Academic Problem (V62.3).
(K) Acculturation Problem (V62.4).
(L) Relational Problems (V62.81).
(M) Bereavement (V62.82).
(N) Physical/Sexual Abuse of an Adult (V62.83).
(O) Borderline Intellectual Functioning (V62.89).
(P) Phase of Life Problem (V62.89).
(Q) Religious or Spiritual Problem (V62.89).
(R) Malingering (V65.2).
(S) Adult Antisocial Behavior (V71.01).
(T) Child or Adolescent Antisocial Behavior (V71.02).
(U) There is not a Diagnosis or a Condition on Axis I (V71.09).
(V) There is not a Diagnosis on Axis II (V71.09).
(W)  Nicotine Dependence (305.10).
(2) Following publication of each subsequent volume of the manual, the definition of “mental illness” shall be subject to revision to conform to, in whole or in part, the list of mental disorders defined in the then-current volume of the manual.
(3) Any revision to the definition of “mental illness” pursuant to paragraph (2) shall be established by regulation promulgated jointly by the department and the Department of Managed Health Care.
(c) (1) For the purpose of compliance with this section, a health insurer may provide coverage for all or part of the mental health services required by this section through a separate specialized health care service plan or mental health plan and shall not be required to obtain an additional or specialized license for this purpose.
(2) A health insurer shall provide the mental health coverage required by this section in its entire in-state service area and in emergency situations as may be required by applicable laws and regulations. For purposes of this section, health insurers are not precluded from requiring insureds who reside or work in geographic areas served by specialized health care service plans or mental health plans to secure all or part of their mental health services within those geographic areas served by specialized health care service plans or mental health plans.
(3) In the provision of benefits required by this section, a health insurer may utilize case management, managed care, or utilization review to the extent permitted by law or regulation.
(4) Any action that a health insurer takes to implement this section, including, but not limited to, contracting with preferred provider organizations, shall not be deemed to be an action that would otherwise require licensure as a health care service plan under the Knox-Keene Health Care Service Plan Act of 1975 (Chapter 2.2 (commencing with Section 1340) of Division 2 of the Health and Safety Code).
(d) This section shall not apply to accident-only, specified disease, hospital indemnity, or Medicare supplement insurance policies, or specialized health insurance policies, except behavioral health-only policies.
(e) This section shall not apply to a policy of health insurance purchased by the Board of Administration of the Public Employees’ Retirement System pursuant to the Public Employees’ Medical and Hospital Care Act (Part 5 (commencing with Section 22750) of Division 5 of Title 2 of the Government Code) unless the board elects, pursuant to Section 22856 of the Government Code, to purchase a policy of health insurance that covers mental health services as described in this section.

SEC. 4.

 This act shall not be deemed to require a qualified health plan that participates in the California Health Benefit Exchange to provide any greater coverage than is required pursuant to the minimum essential benefits package, as set forth in Section 1311 of the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148).

SEC. 5.

 No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.