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SB-1140 Voter registration: one-stop voting.(2009-2010)

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SB1140:v95#DOCUMENT

Amended  IN  Assembly  June 28, 2010
Amended  IN  Senate  June 01, 2010
Amended  IN  Senate  April 27, 2010
Amended  IN  Senate  April 05, 2010

CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE— 2009–2010 REGULAR SESSION

Senate Bill No. 1140


Introduced  by  Senator Yee
(Principal Coauthor(s): Senator Oropeza)
(Coauthor(s): Senator Wiggins)
Jones (Coauthor(s): Assembly Member Jones, Portantino)

February 18, 2010


An act to amend Section 2107 of, and to add Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 2170) to Chapter 2 of Division 2 of, the Elections Code, relating to elections.


LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 1140, as amended, Yee. Voter registration: one-stop voting.
Existing law establishes procedures regarding the registration of voters. Under existing law, a person may not be registered to vote except by affidavit of registration, and a voter may not vote in an election unless his or her affidavit of registration is executed and received by the county elections official on or before the 15th day prior to the election. Existing law permits any registered voter to vote by a vote by mail ballot, and further permits any voter using a vote by mail ballot to vote the ballot at the office of the elections official beginning 29 days before the election.
This bill would establish one-stop voting whereby a person would be permitted to register to vote and immediately vote on election day or at any time prior to election day when ballots may be cast. The bill would require a voter, in order to register and vote by means of one-stop voting, to visit a location at which one-stop voting is available, to present proof of identity and current residence, as specified, and to complete an affidavit of registration. Upon completing that registration, the voter would be immediately eligible to vote by regular ballot. If the voter is unable to complete that registration because the voter is unable to present proof of identity or proof of current residence, the voter would be permitted to register and vote by provisional ballot.
The bill would require each county elections official to compile an index of voters who register to vote by one-stop voting. After the official canvass of the votes for that election is completed, the elections official would be required to review the names on the index and cancel duplicate registrations. The elections official would be required to send a voter registration form to every person who properly registered to vote by one-stop voting, and those persons would be registered for future elections at the address that the voter declared for purposes of voter registration. The elections official would be required to notify the district attorney and the Secretary of State if it appears that a person has engaged in fraudulent voting.
The bill would require that one-stop voting be available at every permanent office of a county elections official beginning January 1 of the year following the availability implementation of VoteCal.
In addition, the bill would require that each location at which one-stop voting is available have a separate area for the process and have at least one precinct board member who is trained in one-stop voting. The bill would authorize the Secretary of State to adopt appropriate regulations to implement one-stop registration and voting.
The provisions of the bill establishing one-stop voting would become operative as of January 1 following the date that VoteCal is implemented.
By creating new duties for local elections officials, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to these statutory provisions.
Vote: MAJORITY   Appropriation: NO   Fiscal Committee: YES   Local Program: YES  

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(a) It is a fundamental principle of the United States that the people shall have access to our systems of democracy without barriers to their participation.
(b) California currently ranks 41st out of 50 states in voter turnout.
(c) At the November 4, 2008, statewide general election, California experienced its largest voter turnout, as well as the greatest number of persons—798,332—who cast provisional ballots because of uncertainty about their registration status. While 82 percent of those provisional ballots were ultimately counted, the county investment of staff overtime and resources to process these ballots was enormous. At the same time, a significant portion of the provisional ballots that were not counted resulted from the failure to timely register. One-stop registration and voting would help alleviate the staff overtime costs associated with processing numerous provisional ballots for counties.
(d) One-stop voting, without unnecessary steps, can significantly increase turnout. The nine states that have enacted one-stop voting lead the nation in voter turnout.
(e) The more people who vote, the more clearly the public’s voice is heard.
(f) California’s registration procedures have not kept up with available technology to maximize the efficiency of the voting process.
(g) It is vital that California make every effort to maintain the integrity of our democracy by ensuring that every eligible voter may vote on election day.

SEC. 2.

 Section 2107 of the Elections Code is amended to read:

2107.
 (a) The Except as provided in subdivisions (b) and (c), the county elections official shall accept affidavits of registration at all times except during the 14 days immediately preceding any election, when registration shall cease for that election as to electors residing in the territory within which the election is held. Transfers of registration for an election may be made from one precinct to another precinct in the same county at any time before the close of the polls on election day when registration is in progress in the precinct to which the elector seeks to transfer.
(b) The county elections official shall accept an affidavit of registration executed as part of a voter registration card in the forthcoming election if the affidavit is executed on or before the 15th day prior to the election, and if any of the following apply:
(1) A mailed affidavit is postmarked on or before the 15th day prior to the election and received by mail by the county elections official before the close of the polls on election day.
(2) The affidavit is submitted to the Department of Motor Vehicles or accepted by any other public agency designated as a voter registration agency pursuant to the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 1973gg) not later than the 15th day prior to the election.
(3) The affidavit is delivered to the county elections official by means other than those described in paragraphs (1) and (2) on or before the close of the polls on election day 15th day prior to the election.
(c) The county elections official shall accept an affidavit of registration that meets the requirements of Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 2170) at any time before the close of polls on election day.

SEC. 3.

 Article 4.5 (commencing with Section 2170) is added to Chapter 2 of Division 2 of the Elections Code, to read:
Article  4.5. Registration and Voting at One-Stop Voting Sites

2170.
 For purposes of this article, “VoteCal” means the statewide voter registration database established by the Secretary of State and referred to by that designation.

2171.
 (a) In addition to other methods of voter registration provided by this code, an elector who is otherwise qualified to vote under this code and Section 2 of Article II of the California Constitution may register or reregister to vote at a one-stop voting site pursuant to this article and may immediately thereafter cast a ballot on the day of an election or at any time prior to the election during which ballots may be cast pursuant to existing law.
(b) An elector who is not currently registered to vote in a county may not register to vote and cast a regular ballot in that county pursuant to this article unless the elector complies with all of the following:
(1) The elector visits, on election day or at any time during the period prior to the election during which ballots may be cast, a location at which the county elections official in the county in which the voter resides has made one-stop voting available.
(2) The elector presents proof of identity and proof of current residence.
(3) The elector completes an affidavit of registration.
(c) For purposes of this article, proof of identity and proof of current residence shall be consistent with Section 303(b) of the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 15483(b)) and shall consist of either of the following:
(1) A photo identification with a current name and address, which shall include one of the following:
(A) Driver’s license or identification card of any state.
(B) Passport.
(C) Military identification card.
(D) A photo identification card designated in the regulations of the Secretary of State, as set forth in Section 20107 of Title 2 of the California Code of Regulations, as last amended and filed with the Secretary of State November 7, 2005, specifying standards for proof of identity or residence when proof is required by the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 15301 et seq.).
(2) A photo identification without a current address from the list in paragraph (1) and proof of current residence based on a document that includes the name and current address of the individual presenting it, and is dated since the date of the last statewide general election, unless the document is intended to be a permanent, one-time government document. The document shall be a proof of residence document designated in the regulations of the Secretary of State, as set forth in Section 20107 of Title 2 of the California Code of Regulations, as last amended and filed with the Secretary of State November 7, 2005, specifying standards for proof of identity or residence when proof is required by the federal Help America Vote Act of 2002 (42 U.S.C. Sec. 15301 et seq.).
(d) A county elections official shall accept an affidavit of registration executed pursuant to this article that includes the current place of residence and other information required by Article 4 (commencing with Section 2150).
(e) County elections officials shall accept the following as the elector’s proof of identity for purposes of paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) if the information can be successfully validated by reference to VoteCal:
(1) The elector’s name.
(2) The elector’s date of birth.
(3) Either the elector’s driver’s license number or the last four digits of the elector’s social security number.

2172.
 (a) An elector who satisfies all the requirements of subdivision (b) of Section 2171 and whose personal information has been successfully verified using VoteCal may vote by regular ballot. Otherwise, an elector shall vote by provisional ballot.
(b) If an elector is unable to satisfy the requirements of paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) of Section 2171, the elector may vote by provisional ballot. No provisional ballot cast pursuant to this article may be counted unless and until the elector’s voter registration is processed, verified, and completed, as provided in Article 5 (commencing with Section 14310) of Chapter 3 of Division 14.
(c) An elections official shall handle each ballot cast pursuant to this article in a manner that protects the secrecy of the ballot.
(d) It is the intent of the Legislature that each county elections official make every effort to provide for voting pursuant to this article by regular ballot.

2173.
 (a) Each county elections official shall compile an index of voters who register for an election pursuant to this article. After the official canvass of the votes for that election is completed, the elections official shall review the names on the index and, if any registration executed pursuant to this article is discovered to be a duplicate registration, the elections official shall cancel any duplicate voter registrations that may exist, as provided in Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 2200).
(b) After an election, the elections official shall send a voter notification form to each person who properly registered to vote for that election pursuant to this article. Each voter who is sent that notice shall be registered for future elections at the address at which the voter is registered. The affidavit of registration of any person whose voter notification form is returned by the post office as undeliverable shall be processed in accordance with the procedures set forth in Section 2221.
(c) If it appears that any voter who registered to vote pursuant to this article may have committed fraud within the meaning of Section 18560, the elections official shall immediately notify in writing both the district attorney and the Secretary of State.
(d) Voter registration pursuant to this article shall not be used for purposes of the determination of precincts as set forth in Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12.

2174.
 Beginning January 1 of the year following the availability of VoteCal date when, as determined by the Secretary of State, VoteCal is implemented, one-stop voting shall be available at every permanent office of a county elections official.

2175.
 Each location at which one-stop voting is available shall have a separate area dedicated to one-stop voting. At least one precinct board member at each of those locations shall be trained prior to the election in one-stop voting procedures and shall be assigned to conduct one-stop voting. One-stop voting shall be conducted in a manner that does not interfere with or delay voting by persons previously registered to vote.

2176.
 The Secretary of State may adopt appropriate regulations for purposes of ensuring the uniform application of this article.

2177.
 This article shall become operative on January 1 of the year following the date when, as determined by the Secretary of State, VoteCal is implemented.

SEC. 4.

 If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.