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SB-1588 Mosquito abatement: pest abatement: vector control districts.(2001-2002)

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SB1588:v92#DOCUMENT

Senate Bill No. 1588
CHAPTER 395

An act to amend Sections 25842.5, 53750, 53961, and 56036 of, and to repeal Article 4 (commencing with Section 25850) of Chapter 8 of Division 2 of Title 3 of, the Government Code, to amend Sections 101285 and 106925 of, to add Section 116111 to, to add Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 2000) to, and to repeal Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2200) of Division 3 of, the Health and Safety Code, relating to pest abatement.

[ Filed with Secretary of State  September 06, 2002. Approved by Governor  September 05, 2002. ]

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


SB 1588, Committee on Local Government. Mosquito abatement: pest abatement: vector control districts.
Existing law contains provisions relating to the establishment of mosquito abatement and vector control districts, including the formation of a district, the selection of a district governing board, and the powers and duties of the board. Existing law requires the State Department of Health Services to certify government agency employees who handle, apply, or supervise the use of pesticides for public health purposes as vector control technicians and to establish continuing education requirements for those employees.
This bill would repeal these provisions and would enact the Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control District Law which would specify the procedures for district formation, procedures for the selection of the district board of trustees and officers, and the powers and duties of the board. The bill would also make other conforming changes.
The bill would require the State Department of Health Services to charge and collect nonrefundable examination fees for providing examinations to certify government agency employees as vector control technicians.
This bill would incorporate additional changes in Section 53750 of the Government Code proposed by SB 1961, to be operative if SB 1961 and this bill are both enacted and become effective on or before January 1, 2003, and this bill is enacted last.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:


SECTION 1.

 Section 25842.5 of the Government Code is amended to read:

25842.5.
 (a) The board of supervisors may provide the same services and exercise the powers of mosquito abatement districts or vector control districts formed pursuant to the Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control District Law, Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 3 of the Health and Safety Code within both the unincorporated and incorporated territory of the county.
(b) Before exercising that authority within incorporated territory, the consent of the city council shall first be obtained. Before exercising the authority granted pursuant to this section, the board of supervisors shall hold a public hearing on the proposal. Notice of the hearing shall be given pursuant to Section 6061 in a newspaper of general circulation in the county.

SEC. 2.

 Article 4 (commencing with Section 25850) of Chapter 8 of Division 2 of Title 3 of the Government Code is repealed.

SEC. 3.

 Section 53750 of the Government Code is amended to read:

53750.
 For purposes of Article XIII C and Article XIII D of the California Constitution and this article:
(a) “Agency” means any local government as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 1 of Article XIII C of the California Constitution.
(b) “Assessment” means any levy or charge by an agency upon real property that is based upon the special benefit conferred upon the real property by a public improvement or service, that is imposed to pay the capital cost of the public improvement, the maintenance and operation expenses of the public improvement, or the cost of the service being provided. “Assessment” includes, but is not limited to, “special assessment,” “benefit assessment,” “maintenance assessment,” and “special assessment tax.”
(c) “District” means an area that is determined by an agency to contain all of the parcels that will receive a special benefit from a proposed public improvement or service.
(d) “Drainage system” means any system of public improvements that is intended to provide for erosion control, landslide abatement, or for other types of water drainage.
(e) “Extended,” when applied to an existing tax or fee or charge, means a decision by an agency to extend the stated effective period for the tax or fee or charge, including, but not limited to, amendment or removal of a sunset provision or expiration date.
(f) “Flood control” means any system of public improvements that is intended to protect property from overflow by water.
(g) “Identified parcel” means a parcel of real property that an agency has identified as having a special benefit conferred upon it and upon which a proposed assessment is to be imposed, or a parcel of real property upon which a proposed property-related fee or charge is proposed to be imposed.
(h) (1) “Increased,” when applied to a tax, assessment, or property-related fee or charge, means a decision by an agency that does either of the following:
(A) Increases any applicable rate used to calculate the tax, assessment, fee or charge.
(B) Revises the methodology by which the tax, assessment, fee or charge is calculated, if that revision results in an increased amount being levied on any person or parcel.
(2) A tax, fee, or charge is not deemed to be “increased” by an agency action that does either or both of the following:
(A) Adjusts the amount of a tax or fee or charge in accordance with a schedule of adjustments, including a clearly defined formula for inflation adjustment that was adopted by the agency prior to November 6, 1996.
(B) Implements or collects a previously approved tax, or fee or charge, so long as the rate is not increased beyond the level previously approved by the agency, and the methodology previously approved by the agency is not revised so as to result in an increase in the amount being levied on any person or parcel.
(3) A tax, assessment, fee or charge is not deemed to be “increased” in the case in which the actual payments from a person or property are higher than would have resulted when the agency approved the tax, assessment, or fee or charge, if those higher payments are attributable to events other than an increased rate or revised methodology, such as a change in the density, intensity, or nature of the use of land.
(i) “Notice by mail” means any notice required by Article XIII C or XIII D of the California Constitution that is accomplished through a mailing, postage prepaid, deposited in the United States Postal Service and is deemed given when so deposited. Notice by mail may be included in any other mailing to the record owner that otherwise complies with Article XIII C or XIII D of the California Constitution and this article, including, but not limited to, the mailing of a bill for the collection of an assessment or a property-related fee or charge.
(j) “Record owner” means the owner of a parcel whose name and address appears on the last equalized secured property tax assessment roll, or in the case of any public entity, the State of California, or the United States, means the representative of that public entity at the address of that entity known to the agency.
(k) “Registered professional engineer” means an engineer registered pursuant to the Professional Engineers Act (Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6700) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code).
(l) “Vector control” means any system of public improvements or services that is intended to provide for the surveillance, prevention, abatement, and control of vectors as defined in subdivision (k) of Section 2002 of the Health and Safety Code and a pest as defined in Section 5006 of the Food and Agricultural Code.
(m) “Water” means any system of public improvements intended to provide for the production, storage, supply, treatment, or distribution of water.

SEC. 3.5.

 Section 53750 of the Government Code is amended to read:

53750.
 For purposes of Article XIII C and Article XIII D of the California Constitution and this article:
(a) “Agency” means any local government as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 1 of Article XIII C of the California Constitution.
(b) “Assessment” means any levy or charge by an agency upon real property that is based upon the special benefit conferred upon the real property by a public improvement or service, that is imposed to pay the capital cost of the public improvement, the maintenance and operation expenses of the public improvement, or the cost of the service being provided. “Assessment” includes, but is not limited to, “special assessment,” “benefit assessment,” “maintenance assessment,” and “special assessment tax.”
(c) “District” means an area that is determined by an agency to contain all of the parcels that will receive a special benefit from a proposed public improvement or service.
(d) “Division” means the Real Estate Services Division of the Department of General Services.
(e) “Drainage system” means any system of public improvements that is intended to provide for erosion control, landslide abatement, or for other types of water drainage.
(f) “Extended,” when applied to an existing tax or fee or charge, means a decision by an agency to extend the stated effective period for the tax or fee or charge, including, but not limited to, amendment or removal of a sunset provision or expiration date.
(g) “Flood control” means any system of public improvements that is intended to protect property from overflow by water.
(h) “Identified parcel” means a parcel of real property that an agency has identified as having a special benefit conferred upon it and upon which a proposed assessment is to be imposed, or a parcel of real property upon which a proposed property-related fee or charge is proposed to be imposed.
(i) (1) “Increased,” when applied to a tax, assessment, or property-related fee or charge, means a decision by an agency that does either of the following:
(A) Increases any applicable rate used to calculate the tax, assessment, fee or charge.
(B) Revises the methodology by which the tax, assessment, fee or charge is calculated, if that revision results in an increased amount being levied on any person or parcel.
(2) A tax, fee, or charge is not deemed to be “increased” by an agency action that does either or both of the following:
(A) Adjusts the amount of a tax or fee or charge in accordance with a schedule of adjustments, including a clearly defined formula for inflation adjustment that was adopted by the agency prior to November 6, 1996.
(B) Implements or collects a previously approved tax, or fee or charge, so long as the rate is not increased beyond the level previously approved by the agency, and the methodology previously approved by the agency is not revised so as to result in an increase in the amount being levied on any person or parcel.
(3) A tax, assessment, fee or charge is not deemed to be “increased” in the case in which the actual payments from a person or property are higher than would have resulted when the agency approved the tax, assessment, or fee or charge, if those higher payments are attributable to events other than an increased rate or revised methodology, such as a change in the density, intensity, or nature of the use of land.
(j) “Notice by mail” means any notice required by Article XIII C or XIII D of the California Constitution that is accomplished through a mailing, postage prepaid, deposited in the United States Postal Service and is deemed given when so deposited. Notice by mail may be included in any other mailing to the record owner that otherwise complies with Article XIII C or XIII D of the California Constitution and this article, including, but not limited to, the mailing of a bill for the collection of an assessment or a property-related fee or charge.
(k) “Record owner” means the owner of a parcel whose name and address appears on the last equalized secured property tax assessment roll, or in the case of any public entity, the State of California, or the United States, means the representative of that public entity at the address of that entity known to the agency.
(l) “Registered professional engineer” means an engineer registered pursuant to the Professional Engineers Act (Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 6700) of Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code).
(m) “Vector control” means any system of public improvements or services that is intended to provide for the surveillance, prevention, abatement, and control of vectors as defined in subdivision (k) of Section 2002 of the Health and Safety Code and a pest as defined in Section 5006 of the Food and Agricultural Code.
(n) “Water” means any system of public improvements intended to provide for the production, storage, supply, treatment, or distribution of water.

SEC. 4.

 Section 53961 of the Government Code is amended to read:

53961.
 The governing board of a public cemetery district organized pursuant to the public cemetery district laws in Part 4 (commencing with Section 8890) of Division 8 of the Health and Safety Code or the governing board of a mosquito abatement district or a vector control district organized pursuant to the Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control District Law, Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 8 of the Health and Safety Code, may by resolution provide for the establishment of a revolving fund in an amount not to exceed 110 percent of one-twelfth of the district’s adopted budget for that fiscal year. This fund, which shall replace the fund authorized in Section 53952, may be used to pay any authorized expenditures of the district. The resolution that established the district revolving fund shall conform with the designations required in Section 53952.

SEC. 5.

 Section 56036 of the Government Code is amended to read:

56036.
 (a) “District” or “special district” means an agency of the state, formed pursuant to general law or special act, for the local performance of governmental or proprietary functions within limited boundaries. “District” or “special district” includes a county service area, but excludes all of the following:
(1) The state.
(2) A county.
(3) A city.
(4) A school district or a community college district.
(5) A special assessment district.
(6) An improvement district.
(7) A community facilities district formed pursuant to the Mello-Roos Community Facilities Act of 1982, Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 53311) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5.
(8) A permanent road division formed pursuant to Article 3 (commencing with Section 1160) of Chapter 4 of Division 2 of the Streets and Highways Code.
(9) An air pollution control district or an air quality maintenance district.
(10) A zone of a fire protection district, a mosquito abatement and vector control district, or a recreation and park district.
(b) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (1), each of the entities listed in paragraph (1) is a “district” or a “special district” for the purposes of this division.
(1) For the purposes of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 57000) to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 57175), inclusive, of Part 4 or Part 5 (commencing with Section 57300), none of the following entities is a “district” or a “special district:”
(A) A unified or union high school library district.
(B) A bridge and highway district.
(C) A joint highway district.
(D) A transit or rapid transit district.
(E) A metropolitan water district.
(F) A separation of grade district.
(2) Any proceedings pursuant to Part 4 (commencing with Section 57000) for a change of organization involving an entity described in paragraph (1) shall be conducted pursuant to the principal act authorizing the establishment of that entity.
(c) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (1), each of the entities listed in paragraph (1) is a “district” or “special district” for purposes of this division.
(1) For the purposes of Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 57000) to Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 57175), inclusive, of Part 4 or Part 5 (commencing with Section 57300), none of the following entities is a “district” or “special district” if the commission of the principal county determines, in accordance with Sections 56127 and 56128, that the entity is not a “district” or “special district.”
(A) A flood control district.
(B) A flood control and floodwater conservation district.
(C) A flood control and water conservation district.
(D) A conservation district.
(E) A water conservation district.
(F) A water replenishment district.
(G) The Orange County Water District.
(H) A California water storage district.
(I) A water agency.
(J) A county water authority or a water authority.
(2) If the commission determines that an entity described in paragraph (1) is not a “district” or “special district,” any proceedings pursuant to Part 4 (commencing with Section 57000) for a change of organization involving the entity shall be conducted pursuant to the principal act authorizing the establishment of that entity.

SEC. 6.

 Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 2000) is added to Division 3 of the Health and Safety Code, to read:
CHAPTER  1. Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control Districts
Article  1. General Provisions

2000.
 This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control District Law.

2001.
 (a) The Legislature finds and declares all of the following:
(1) California’s climate and topography support a wide diversity of biological organisms.
(2) Most of these organisms are beneficial, but some are vectors of human disease pathogens or directly cause other human diseases such as hypersensitivity, envenomization, and secondary infections.
(3) Some of these diseases, such as mosquitoborne viral encephalitis, can be fatal, especially in children and older individuals.
(4) California’s connections to the wider national and international economies increase the transport of vectors and pathogens.
(5) Invasions of the United States by vectors such as the Asian tiger mosquito and by pathogens such as the West Nile virus underscore the vulnerability of humans to uncontrolled vectors and pathogens.
(b) The Legislature further finds and declares:
(1) Individual protection against the vectorborne diseases is only partially effective.
(2) Adequate protection of human health against vectorborne diseases is best achieved by organized public programs.
(3) The protection of Californians and their communities against the discomforts and economic effects of vectorborne diseases is an essential public service that is vital to public health, safety, and welfare.
(4) Since 1915, mosquito abatement and vector control districts have protected Californians and their communities against the threats of vectorborne diseases.
(c) In enacting this chapter, it is the intent of the Legislature to create and continue a broad statutory authority for a class of special districts with the power to conduct effective programs for the surveillance, prevention, abatement, and control of mosquitoes and other vectors.
(d) It is also the intent of the Legislature that mosquito abatement and vector control districts cooperate with other public agencies to protect the public health, safety, and welfare. Further, the Legislature encourages local communities and local officials to adapt the powers and procedures provided by this chapter to meet the diversity of their own local circumstances and responsibilities.

2002.
 As used in this chapter:
(a) “Abate” means to put an end to a public nuisance, or to reduce the degree or the intensity of a public nuisance.
(b) “Board of trustees” means the legislative body of a district.
(c) “City” means any city, whether general law or chartered, including a city and county, and including any city the name of which includes the word “town.”
(d) “Control” means to prevent or reduce vectors.
(e) “Department” means the State Department of Health Services.
(f) “District” means any mosquito abatement and vector control district created pursuant to this chapter or any of its statutory predecessors.
(g) “Principal county” means the county having all or the greater portion of the entire assessed value, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll of the county or counties, of all taxable property within a district at the time of formation.
(h) “Property” means land and improvements, and includes water.
(i) “Public agency” means any state agency, board, or commission, including the California State University and the University of California, any county, city and county, city, regional agency, school district, special district, redevelopment agency, or other political subdivision.
(j) “Public nuisance” means any of the following:
(1) Any property, excluding water, that has been artificially altered from its natural condition so that it now supports the development, attraction, or harborage of vectors. The presence of vectors in their developmental stages on a property is prima facie evidence that the property is a public nuisance.
(2) Any water that is a breeding place for vectors. The presence of vectors in their developmental stages in the water is prima facie evidence that the water is a public nuisance.
(3) Any activity that supports the development, attraction, or harborage of vectors, or that facilitates the introduction or spread of vectors.
(k) “Vector” means any animal capable of transmitting the causative agent of human disease or capable of producing human discomfort or injury, including, but not limited to, mosquitoes, flies, mites, ticks, other arthropods, and rodents and other vertebrates.
(l) “Voter” means a voter as defined by Section 359 of the Elections Code.

2003.
 (a) This chapter provides the authority for the organization and powers of mosquito abatement and vector control districts. This chapter succeeds the former Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2200) as added by Chapter 60 of the Statutes of 1939, as subsequently amended, and any of its statutory predecessors.
(b) Any mosquito abatement and vector control district formed pursuant to the former Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2200) or any of its statutory predecessors that was in existence on January 1, 2003, shall remain in existence as if it had been organized pursuant to this chapter. Any zone of a mosquito abatement and vector control district formed pursuant to former Section 2291 to former Section 2291.4, inclusive, and any of their statutory predecessors that was in existence on January 1, 2003, shall remain in existence as if it had been formed pursuant to this chapter.
(c) Any indebtedness, special tax, benefit assessment, fee, election, ordinance, resolution, regulation, rule, or any other action of a district taken pursuant to the former Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2200) or any of its statutory predecessors that was taken before January 1, 2003, shall not be voided solely because of any error, omission, informality, misnomer, or failure to comply strictly with this chapter.

2004.
 This chapter is necessary to protect the public health, safety, and welfare, and shall be liberally construed to effectuate its purposes.

2005.
 If any provision of this chapter or the application of any provision of this chapter in any circumstance or to any person, city, county, special district, school district, the state, or any agency or subdivision of the state, including the California State University and the University of California, is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this chapter that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application of the invalid provision, and to this end the provisions of this chapter are severable.

2006.
 (a) Any action to determine the validity of either the organization, or any action, of a district shall be brought pursuant to Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 860) of Title 10 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure.
(b) Any judicial review of an action taken pursuant to this chapter shall be conducted pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 1084) of Title 1 of Part 3 of the Code of Civil Procedure.

2007.
 (a) Except as provided in this section, territory, whether incorporated or unincorporated, whether contiguous or noncontiguous, may be included in a district. Territory that is already within a mosquito abatement and vector control district formed pursuant to this chapter may not be included within another mosquito abatement and vector control district.
(b) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the Cortese-Knox-Hertzberg Local Government Reorganization Act of 2000, Division 3 (commencing with Section 56000) of Title 5 of the Government Code, shall govern any change of organization or reorganization of a district. In the case of any conflict between that division and this chapter, the provisions of this chapter shall prevail.
(c) A district shall be deemed an “independent special district,” as defined by Section 56044 of the Government Code.

Article  2. Formation

2010.
 A new district may be formed pursuant to this article.

2011.
 (a) A proposal to form a new district may be made by petition. The petition shall do all of the things required by Section 56700 of the Government Code. In addition, the petition shall:
(1) Set forth the methods by which the district will be financed, including, but not limited to, special taxes, special benefit assessments, and fees.
(2) Propose a name for the district.
(3) Specify the size of the initial board of trustees and the method of their appointment.
(b) The petitions, the proponents, and the procedures for certifying the sufficiency of the petitions shall comply with Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 56700) of Part 3 of Division 3 of Title 5 of the Government Code. In the case of any conflict between Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 56700) of Part 3 of Division 3 of Title 5 of the Government Code and this article, the provisions of this article shall prevail.
(c) The petition shall be signed by not less than 25 percent of the registered voters residing in the area to be included in the district, as determined by the local agency formation commission.

2012.
 (a) Before circulating any petition, the proponents shall publish a notice of intention that includes a written statement not to exceed 500 words in length, setting forth the reasons for forming the district and the methods by which the district will be financed. The notice shall be published pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code in one or more newspapers of general circulation within the territory proposed to be included in the district. If the territory proposed to be included in the district is located in more than one county, publication of the notice shall be made in at least one newspaper of general circulation in each of the counties.
(b) The following shall be signed by a representative of the proponent, and shall be in substantially the following form:
“Notice of Intent to Circulate Petition
“Notice is hereby given of the intention to circulate a petition proposing to form the _______________ (name of the district). The reasons for forming the proposed district are: _______________. The method(s) by which the proposed district will be financed are: _______________.”
(c) Within five days after the date of publication, the proponents shall file with the executive officer of the local agency formation commission of the principal county a copy of the notice together with an affidavit made by a representative of the newspaper in which the notice was published certifying to the fact of the publication.
(d) After the filing required pursuant to subdivision (c), the petition may be circulated for signatures.

2013.
 (a) A proposal to form a new district may also be made by the adoption of a resolution of application by the legislative body of any county or city that contains the territory proposed to be included in the district. Except for the provisions regarding the signers, signatures, and the proponents, a resolution of application shall contain all of the matters required for inclusion in a petition in Section 2011.
(b) Before adopting a resolution of application, the legislative body shall hold a public hearing on the resolution. Notice of the hearing shall be published pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code in one or more newspapers of general circulation within the county or city. At least 20 days before the hearing, the legislative body shall give mailed notice of its hearing to the executive officer of the local agency formation commission of the principal county. The notice shall generally describe the proposed formation of the district and the territory proposed to be included in the district.
(c) At the hearing required by subdivision (b), the legislative body shall give any person an opportunity to present his or her views on the resolution.
(d) The clerk of the legislative body shall file a certified copy of the resolution of application with the executive officer of the local agency formation commission of the principal county.

2014.
 (a) Once the proponents have filed a sufficient petition or a legislative body has filed a resolution of application, the local agency formation commission shall proceed pursuant to Part 3 (commencing with Section 56650) of Division 3 of Title 5 of the Government Code.
(b) If the local agency formation commission approves the proposal for the formation of a district, then, notwithstanding Section 57007 of the Government Code, the commission shall proceed pursuant to Part 4 (commencing with Section 57000) of Division 3 of Title 5 of the Government Code.
(c) Notwithstanding Section 57075 of the Government Code, the local agency formation commission shall take one of the following actions:
(1) If a majority protest exists in accordance with Section 57078 of the Government Code, the commission shall terminate proceedings.
(2) If no majority protest exists, the commission shall either:
(A) Order the formation without an election.
(B) Order the formation subject to the approval by the voters of a special tax or the approval by the property owners of a special benefit assessment.
(d) If the local agency formation commission orders the formation of a district pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (c), the commission shall direct the board of supervisors to direct county officials to conduct the necessary elections on behalf of the proposed district.

Article  3. Boards of Trustees and Officers

2020.
 A legislative body of at least five members known as the board of trustees shall govern every district. The board of trustees shall establish policies for the operation of the district. The board of trustees shall provide for the faithful implementation of those policies which is the responsibility of the employees of the district.

2021.
 Within 30 days after the effective date of the formation of a district, a board of trustees shall be appointed as follows:
(a) In the case of a district that contains only unincorporated territory in a single county, the board of supervisors shall appoint five persons to the board of trustees.
(b) In the case of a district that is located entirely within a single county and contains both incorporated territory and unincorporated territory, the board of supervisors may appoint one person to the board of trustees, and the city council of each city that is located in whole or in part within the district may appoint one person to the board of trustees. If those appointments result in a board of trustees with less than five trustees, the board of supervisors shall appoint enough additional persons to make a board of trustees of five members.
(c) In the case of a district that contains only unincorporated territory in more than one county, the board of supervisors of each county may appoint one person to the board of trustees. If those appointments result in a board of trustees with less than five persons, the board of supervisors of the principal county shall appoint enough additional persons to make a board of trustees of five members.
(d) In the case of a district that is located in two or more counties and contains both incorporated territory and unincorporated territory, the board of supervisors of each county may appoint one person to the board of trustees, and the city council of each city that is located in whole or part within the district may appoint one person to the board of trustees. If those appointments result in less than five persons, the board of supervisors of the principal county shall appoint enough additional persons to make a board of trustees of five members.

2022.
 (a) Each person appointed by a board of supervisors to be a member of a board of trustees shall be a voter in that county and a resident of that portion of the county that is within the district.
(b) Each person appointed by a city council to be a member of a board of trustees shall be a voter in that city and a resident of that portion of the city that is within the district.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law including the common law doctrine that precludes the simultaneous holding of incompatible offices, a member of a city council may be appointed and may serve as a member of a board of trustees if that person also meets the other applicable qualifications of this chapter.
(d) It is the intent of the Legislature that persons appointed to boards of trustees have experience, training, and education in fields that will assist in the governance of the districts.
(e) All trustees shall exercise their independent judgment on behalf of the interests of the residents, property owners, and the public as a whole in furthering the purposes and intent of this chapter. The trustees shall represent the interests of the public as a whole and not solely the interests of the board of supervisors or the city council that appointed them.

2023.
 (a) The initial board of trustees of a district formed on or after January 1, 2003, shall be determined pursuant to this section.
(b) The persons appointed to the initial board of trustees shall meet on the first Monday after 45 days after the effective date of the formation of the district.
(c) At the first meeting of the initial board of trustees, the trustees shall classify themselves by lot into two classes, as nearly equal as possible. The term of office of the class having the greater number shall expire at noon on the first Monday in January that is closest to the second year from the appointments made pursuant to Section 2021. The term of office of the class having the lesser number shall expire at noon on the first Monday in January that is closest to the first year from the appointments made pursuant to Section 2021.

2024.
 (a) Except as provided in Section 2023, the term of office for a member of the board of trustees shall be for a term of two or four years, at the discretion of the appointing authority. Terms of office commence at noon on the first Monday in January.
(b) Any vacancy in the office of a member appointed to a board of trustees shall be filled pursuant to Section 1779 of the Government Code. Any person appointed to fill a vacant office shall fill the balance of the unexpired term.

2025.
 (a) Under no circumstances shall a board of trustees consist of less than five members. Except as provided in Section 2026, the number of members who represent the unincorporated territory of a county may not exceed five members.
(b) A board of trustees may adopt a resolution requesting the board of supervisors of any county that contains territory within the district to increase or decrease the number of members of the board of trustees who represent the unincorporated territory of that county within the district. The resolution shall specify the number of members and the areas of the unincorporated territory for which the board of trustees requests the increase or decrease.
(c) Within 60 days of receiving a resolution adopted pursuant to subdivision (b), the board of supervisors shall order the increase or decrease in the number of members of the board of trustees, consistent with the board of trustees’ resolution.
(d) If the board of supervisors orders an increase in the number of members of the board of trustees, the board of supervisors shall appoint a person or persons to the board of trustees and specify their term of office, consistent with the requirements of this chapter. If the board of supervisors orders a decrease in the number of members of the board of trustees, the board of supervisors shall designate the trustee or trustees whose office shall be eliminated at the termination of the trustee’s current term of office. Any trustee whose office is designated to be eliminated shall continue to serve until his or her term of office expires.

2026.
 (a) A local agency formation commission, in approving either a consolidation of districts or the reorganization of two more districts into a single district, may, pursuant to subdivisions (k) and (n) of Section 56886 of the Government Code, change the number of members on the board of trustees of the consolidated or reorganized district, provided that the resulting number of trustees shall be an odd number but not less than five.
(b) Upon the expiration of the terms of the members of the board of trustees of the consolidated or reorganized district whose terms first expire following the effective date of the consolidation or reorganization, the total number of members on the board of trustees shall be reduced until the number equals the number of members determined by the local agency formation commission.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (b) of Section 2024, in the event of a vacancy on the board of trustees of the consolidated or reorganized district at a time when the number of members of the board of trustees is greater than the number determined by the local agency formation commission, the vacancy shall not be filled and the membership of the board of trustees shall be reduced by one member.

2027.
 (a) At the first meeting of the initial board of trustees of a newly formed district, and in the case of an existing district at the first meeting in January every year or every other year, the board of trustees shall elect its officers.
(b) The officers of a board of trustees are a president and a secretary. The president shall be a trustee. The secretary may be either a trustee or a district employee. A board of trustees may create additional officers and elect members to those positions. No trustee shall hold more than one office.
(c) Except as provided in Section 2077, the county treasurer of the principal county shall act as the district treasurer. The county treasurer shall receive no compensation for the receipt and disbursement of money of the district.

2028.
 A board of trustees shall meet at least once every three months. Meetings of the board of trustees are subject to the provisions of the Ralph M. Brown Act, Chapter 9 (commencing with Section 54950) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.

2029.
 (a) A majority of the board of trustees shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.
(b) Except as otherwise specifically provided to the contrary in this chapter, a recorded vote of a majority of those trustees present and voting is required on each action.
(c) The board of trustees shall act only by ordinance, resolution, or motion.
(d) The board of trustees shall keep a record of all of its acts, including financial transactions.
(e) The board of trustees shall adopt rules for its proceedings.

2030.
 (a) The members of the board of trustees shall serve without compensation.
(b) The members of the board of trustees may receive their actual and necessary traveling and incidental expenses incurred while on official business. In lieu of paying for actual expenses, the board of trustees may by resolution provide for the allowance and payment to each trustee a sum not to exceed one hundred dollars ($100) per month for expenses incurred while on official business. A trustee may waive the payments permitted by this subdivision.
(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), the secretary of the board of trustees may receive compensation in an amount determined by the board of trustees.

Article  4. Powers

2040.
 Within the district’s boundaries or in territory that is located outside the district from which vectors and vectorborne diseases may enter the district, a district may do all of the following:
(a) Conduct surveillance programs and other appropriate studies of vectors and vectorborne diseases.
(b) Take any and all necessary or proper actions to prevent the occurrence of vectors and vectorborne diseases.
(c) Take any and all necessary or proper actions to abate or control vectors and vectorborne diseases.
(d) Take any and all actions necessary for or incidental to the powers granted by this chapter.

2041.
 A district shall have and may exercise all rights and powers, expressed or implied, necessary to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter, including, but not limited to, all of the following powers:
(a) To sue and be sued.
(b) To acquire by purchase, eminent domain, or other lawful means, any real property within the district or any personal property that may be necessary or proper to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter.
(c) To sell, lease, or otherwise dispose of any real or personal property. Every sale of property shall be to the highest bidder. The board shall publish notice of the sale pursuant to Section 6066 of the Government Code. A board of trustees may exchange equivalent properties if the board determines that the exchange is in the best interests of the district.
(d) To donate any surplus real or personal property to any public agency or nonprofit organization.
(e) To purchase the supplies and materials, employ the personnel, and contract for the services that may be necessary or proper to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter.
(f) To build, repair, and maintain on any land the dikes, levees, cuts, canals, or ditches that may be necessary or proper to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter.
(g) To contract to indemnify or compensate any property owner for any injury or damage necessarily caused by the use or taking of real or personal property for dikes, levees, cuts, canals, or ditches.
(h) To engage necessary personnel, to define their qualifications and duties, and to provide a schedule of compensation for the performance of their duties.
(i) To engage counsel and other professional services.
(j) To adopt a seal and alter it at pleasure.
(k) To provide insurance pursuant to Part 6 (commencing with Section 989) of Division 3.6 of Title 1 of the Government Code.
(l) To participate in, review, comment, and make recommendations regarding local, state, or federal land use planning and environmental quality processes, documents, permits, licenses, and entitlements for projects and their potential effects on the purposes and intent of this chapter.
(m) To take any and all actions necessary for, or incidental to, the powers expressed or implied by this chapter.

2042.
 When acquiring, improving, or using any real property, a district shall comply with Article 5 (commencing with Section 53090) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5, and Article 7 (commencing with Section 65400) of Chapter 1 of Division 1 of Title 7 of the Government Code.

2043.
 (a) A district shall have perpetual succession.
(b) A board of trustees may, by a two-thirds vote of its total membership, adopt a resolution to change the name of the district. The name shall contain the words “mosquito abatement district,” “vector control district,” “mosquito and vector control district,” “mosquito control district,” or “vector management district.” The resolution shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 23 (commencing with Section 7530) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code. Within 10 days of its adoption, the board of trustees shall file a copy of its resolution with the Secretary of State, the county clerk, the board of supervisors, and the local agency formation commission of each county in which the district is located.
(c) Unless another provision of law requires a longer retention period, a district may destroy or otherwise dispose of any paper or electronic document filed with, or submitted to, the district after one year unless the board of trustees determines that there is a need for its retention. In determining whether there is a need for retaining a document, the board of trustees shall consider future public need, the effect on statutes of limitation, and historical significance.

2044.
 (a) A district may cooperate with any public agency or federal agency to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter. To that end, a district may enter into agreements with those other public agencies or federal agencies to take any and all actions necessary or convenient for carrying out the purposes and intent of this chapter.
(b) A district may jointly acquire, construct, improve, maintain, and operate any facilities, projects, or programs with any other public agency or federal agency to carry out the purposes and intent of this chapter. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prohibit any joint or cooperative action with other public agencies or federal agencies.
(c) A district may enter into joint powers agreements pursuant to the Joint Exercise of Powers Act, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 7 of Title 1 of the Government Code.

2045.
 A district may contract with other public agencies and federal agencies to provide any service, project, or program authorized by this chapter within the district’s boundaries. A district may contract with other public agencies and federal agencies to provide any service, project, or program authorized by this chapter within the boundaries of the other public agencies and federal agencies.

2046.
 (a) Each district shall adopt policies and procedures, including bidding regulations, governing the purchase of supplies and equipment. Each district shall adopt these policies and procedures by rule or regulation pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 54201) of Chapter 5 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.
(b) A district may request the State Department of General Services to make purchases of materials, equipment, or supplies on its behalf pursuant to Section 10298 of the Public Contract Code.
(c) A district may request the purchasing agent of the principal county to make purchases on materials, equipment, or supplies on its behalf pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 25500) of Chapter 5 of Division 2 of Title 3 of the Government Code.
(d) A district may request the purchasing agent of the principal county to contract with persons to provide services, projects, and programs authorized by this chapter pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 25500) of Chapter 5 of Division 2 of Title 3 of the Government Code.

2047.
 Any person who restrains, hinders, obstructs, or threatens any officer or employee of a district in the performance of that person’s duties, or any person who interferes with any work done by, or under the direction of, the district is guilty of a misdemeanor.

2048.
 (a) The Meyers-Milias-Brown Act, Chapter 10 (commencing with Section 3500) of Division 4 of Title 1 of the Government Code applies to all districts.
(b) A board of trustees may adopt an ordinance establishing an employee relations system that may include, but is not limited to, a civil service system or a merit system.

2049.
 A board of trustees may require any employee or officer to be bonded. The district shall pay the cost of the bonds.

2050.
 A board of trustees may provide for any programs for the benefit of its employees and members of the board of trustees pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 53200) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.

2051.
 A district may authorize the members of its board of trustees and its employees to attend professional, educational, or vocational meetings, and pay their actual and necessary traveling and incidental expenses while on official business. The payment of expenses pursuant to this section may be in addition to the payments made pursuant to Section 2030.

2052.
 (a) Pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 106925) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 104, every district employee who handles, applies, or supervises the use of any pesticide for public health purposes shall be certified by the department as a vector control technician in at least one of the following categories commensurate with the assigned duties:
(1) Mosquito control.
(2) Terrestrial invertebrate vector control.
(3) Vertebrate vector control.
(b) The department may establish, by regulation, exemptions from the requirements of this section that the department deems reasonably necessary to further the purposes of this section.

2053.
 (a) A district may request an inspection and abatement warrant pursuant to Title 13 (commencing with Section 1822.50) of Part 3 of the Code of Civil Procedure. A warrant issued pursuant to this section shall apply only to the exterior of places, dwellings, structures, and premises. The warrant shall state the geographic area which it covers and shall state its purposes. A warrant may authorize district employees to enter property only to do the following:
(1) Inspect to determine the presence of vectors or public nuisances.
(2) Abate public nuisances, either directly or by giving notice to the property owner to abate the public nuisance.
(3) Determine if a notice to abate a public nuisance has been complied with.
(4) Control vectors and treat property with appropriate physical, chemical, or biological control measures.
(b) Subject to the limitations of the United States Constitution and the California Constitution, employees of a district may enter any property, either within the district or property that is located outside the district from which vectors may enter the district, without hindrance or notice for any of the following purposes:
(1) Inspect the property to determine the presence of vectors or public nuisances.
(2) Abate public nuisances pursuant to this chapter, either directly or by giving notice to the property owner to abate the public nuisance.
(3) Determine if a notice to abate a public nuisance has been complied with.
(4) Control vectors and treat property with appropriate physical, chemical, or biological control measures.

2054.
 Whenever the boundaries of a district or a zone change, or whenever the board of trustees levies a special tax or a special benefit assessment, the district shall comply with Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 54900) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.

2055.
 (a) In any dispute between a district and another public agency over the need to prevent, abate, or control, or the methods and materials used to prevent, abate, or control vectors or vectorborne diseases, the district or the other public agency may appeal the decision to the director of the department within 10 days of the decision.
(b) Within 30 days of receiving an appeal pursuant to subdivision (a), the director of the department shall consult with the affected agencies, take written and oral testimony, decide the appeal, and convey the decision to the affected agencies. The director’s decision shall be consistent with the purposes of this chapter. The decision of the director of the department shall be final and conclusive.

Article  5. Abatement

2060.
 (a) A district may abate a public nuisance pursuant to this article.
(b) The person or agency claiming ownership, title, or right to property or who controls the diversion, delivery, conveyance, or flow of water shall be responsible for the abatement of a public nuisance that is caused by, or as a result of, that property or the diversion, delivery, conveyance, or control of that water.

2061.
 (a) Whenever a public nuisance exists on any property within a district or on any property that is located outside the district from which vectors may enter the district, the board of trustees may notify the owner of the property of the existence of the public nuisance.
(b) The notice required by subdivision (a) shall do all of the following:
(1) State that a public nuisance exists on the property, describe the public nuisance, and describe the location of the public nuisance on the property.
(2) Direct the owner of the property to abate the nuisance within a specified time.
(3) Direct the owner of the property to take any necessary action within a specified time to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance.
(4) Inform the owner of the property that the failure to comply with the requirements of the notice within the specified times may result in the district taking the necessary actions, and that the owner shall be liable for paying the costs of the district’s actions.
(5) Inform the owner of the property that the failure to comply with the requirements of the notice within the specified times may result in the imposition of civil penalties of up to one thousand dollars ($1,000) per day for each day that the public nuisance continues after the specified times.
(6) Inform the owner of the property that before complying with the requirements of the notice, the owner may appear at a hearing of the board of trustees at a time and place stated in the notice.
(c) The board of trustees shall cause the notice required by subdivision (a) to be served on the owner of the property in the same manner as a summons in a civil action. If, after a diligent search, the notice cannot be served on the owner of the property, the board of trustees shall cause the notice to be posted in a conspicuous place on the property for not less than 10 days before the hearing. Not less than 10 days before the hearing, the board of trustees shall also cause a copy of the notice to be mailed by certified mail to the owner of the property at the address shown on the most recent assessment roll of the county in which the property is located.
(d) At the hearing before the board of trustees at the time and place stated in the notice, the board of trustees shall accept written and oral testimony from the property owner and other persons. At the close of the hearing, the board of trustees shall find, based on substantial evidence in the record, whether a public nuisance exists on the property. If the board of trustees finds that a public nuisance exists, the board of trustees shall order the owner of the property to abate the public nuisance and to take other necessary actions to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance. The board of trustees shall specify a reasonable time by which the owner of the property shall comply with these requirements.
(e) If the owner of the property does not abate the public nuisance and take the necessary actions to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance within the time specified by the board of trustees, the district may abate the public nuisance and take the necessary actions to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance. In addition, the board of trustees may impose civil penalties pursuant to Section 2063.

2062.
 (a) A board of trustees shall not declare an agricultural operation to be a public nuisance because of the presence of immature flies if the board determines that the agricultural operation is designed and managed consistent with the accepted standards and practices for controlling fly development on similar agricultural operations.
(b) As used in this section, “accepted standards and practices” means those standards and practices determined by the University of California Cooperative Extension, the department, or local public health agencies. These standards and practices include, but are not limited to, all of the following:
(1) Property design and layout of the agricultural operation to minimize the opportunity for fly development.
(2) A comprehensive system for manure management to include storage, removal, and disposal.
(3) A comprehensive system for green waste management to include storage, removal, and disposal.
(4) An integrated pest management program to control the development and harborage of flies, including the components of surveillance, management, containment, and control.

2063.
 In addition to abating the public nuisance and taking any necessary actions to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance, a board of trustees may impose a civil penalty on the owner of the property for failure to comply with the requirements of Section 2061. The civil penalty may not exceed one thousand dollars ($1,000) per day for each day that the owner of the property fails to comply with the district’s requirements.

2064.
 A board of trustees may consider any recurrence of a public nuisance abated pursuant to Section 2061 to be a continuation of the original public nuisance.

2065.
 (a) The owner of the property abated pursuant to Section 2061 shall pay the district for the cost of abating the public nuisance and the cost of any necessary actions to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance. The owner shall also pay any civil penalty imposed pursuant to Section 2063.
(b) If the owner of the property fails to pay the district’s costs within 60 days, the board of trustees may order the costs and any civil penalties charged and collected against the property. The charge shall be collected at the same time and in the same manner as ordinary county taxes are collected, and shall be subject to the same penalties and the same procedure and sale in case of delinquency as are provided for ordinary county taxes. All laws applicable to the levy, collection, and enforcement of county taxes are applicable to the costs and civil penalties charged and collected against the property.
(c) If the board of trustees charges the costs and any civil penalties against the parcel, the board of trustees may also cause the notice of abatement lien to be recorded. The notice shall, at a minimum, identify the record owner of the property, set forth the last known address of the record owner, set forth the date upon which the abatement of the public nuisance was ordered by the board of trustees, set forth the date upon which the abatement and any necessary actions to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance was complete, and include a description of the real property subject to the lien and the amount of the cost and any civil penalties.
(d) However, if the board of trustees does not cause the recordation of a notice of abatement lien pursuant to subdivision (c), and any real property to which the costs and any civil penalties relate has been transferred or conveyed to a bona fide purchaser for value, or a lien on a bona fide encumbrancer for value has been created and attaches to that property, prior to the date on which the first installment of county taxes would become delinquent, then the cost and any civil penalties may not result in a lien against that real property but shall be transferred to the unsecured roll for collection.
(e) Recordation of a notice of abatement lien pursuant to subdivision (c) shall have the same effect as recordation of an abstract of a money judgment recorded pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 697.310) of Chapter 2 of Division 2 of Title 9 of Part 2 of the Code of Civil Procedure. The lien created shall have the same priority as a judgment lien on real property and shall continue in effect until released. Upon order of the board of trustees, an abatement lien created under this section may be released or subordinated in the same manner as a judgment lien on real property may be released or subordinated.

2066.
 The lien provisions of this article shall not apply to property owned by a public agency. Notwithstanding Section 6103 of the Government Code or any other provision of law, a public agency shall pay the district for the cost of abating the public nuisance, the cost of any necessary actions to prevent the recurrence of the public nuisance, and any civil penalties.

2067.
 Any money collected by a county from a lien authorized pursuant to this article, other than the amounts authorized pursuant to Section 29304 of the Government Code, shall be paid to the district.

Article  6. Finances

2070.
 (a) On or before August 1 of each year, the board of trustees shall adopt a final budget, which shall conform to the accounting and budgeting procedures for special districts contained in Subchapter 3 (commencing with Section 1031.1) of, and Article 1 (commencing with Section 1121) of Subchapter 4 of Division 2 of Title 2 of the California Code of Regulations. The board of trustees may divide the annual budget into categories, including, but not limited to:
(1) Maintenance and operation.
(2) Employee compensation.
(3) Capital outlay.
(4) Interest and redemption for indebtedness.
(5) Restricted reserve for public health emergencies.
(6) Restricted reserve for capital and asset preservation.
(7) Restricted reserve for contingencies.
(8) Unallocated general reserve.
(b) The board of trustees shall forward a copy of the final budget to the auditor of each county in which the district is located.

2071.
 (a) In its annual budget, the board of trustees may establish one or more restricted reserves. When the board of trustees establishes a restricted reserve, it shall declare the exclusive purposes for which the funds in the reserve may be spent. The funds in the restricted reserve shall be spent only for the exclusive purposes for which the board of trustees established the restricted reserve. The reserves shall be maintained according to generally accepted accounting principles.
(b) Any time after the establishment of a restricted reserve, the board of trustees may transfer any funds to that restricted reserve.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, in a public health emergency, a board of trustees may, by majority vote of the total membership of the board of trustees, temporarily transfer funds from other restricted reserves to the restricted reserve for public health emergencies.
(d) If the board of trustees finds that the funds in a restricted reserve are no longer required for the purpose for which the restricted reserve was established, the board of trustees may, by a four-fifths vote of the total membership of the board of trustees, discontinue the restricted reserve or transfer the funds that are no longer required from the restricted reserve to the district’s general fund.

2072.
 (a) On or before July 1 of each year, the board of trustees shall adopt a resolution establishing its appropriations limit and make other necessary determinations for the following fiscal year pursuant to Article XIII B of the California Constitution and Division 9 (commencing with Section 7900) of the Government Code.
(b) Pursuant to subdivision (c) of Section 9 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution, this section shall not apply to a district which existed on January 1, 1978, and that did not as of the 1977–78 fiscal year levy an ad valorem tax on property in excess of twelve and one-half cents ($0.125) per one hundred dollars ($100) of assessed value.

2073.
 The auditor of each county in which a district is located shall allocate to the district its share of property tax revenue pursuant to Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 95) of Part 0.5 of Division 1 of the Revenue and Taxation Code.

2074.
 (a) A district may accept any revenue, money, grants, goods, or services from any federal, state, regional, or local agency or from any person for any lawful purpose of the district.
(b) In addition to any other existing authority, a district may borrow money and incur indebtedness pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 53820), Article 7.5 (commencing with Section 53840), Article 7.6 (commencing with Section 53850), and Article 7.7 (commencing with Section 53859) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.

2075.
 All claims for money or damages against a district are governed by Part 3 (commencing with Section 900) and Part 4 (commencing with Section 940) of Division 3.6 of Title 1 of the Government Code.

2076.
 (a) All claims against a district shall be audited, allowed, and paid by the board of trustees by warrants drawn on the county treasurer.
(b) As an alternative to subdivision (a), the board of trustees may instruct the county treasurer to audit, allow, and draw his or her warrant on the county treasury for all legal claims presented to him or her and authorized by the board of trustees.
(c) The county treasurer shall pay the warrants in the order in which they are presented.
(d) If a warrant is presented for payment and the county treasurer cannot pay it for want of funds in the account on which it is drawn, the treasurer shall endorse the warrant, “NOT PAID BECAUSE OF INSUFFICIENT FUNDS” and sign his or her name and the date and time the warrant was presented. From that time until it is paid, the warrant bears interest at the maximum rate permitted pursuant to Article 7 (commencing with Section 53530) of Chapter 3 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.

2077.
 (a) Notwithstanding Section 2076, a district that has total annual revenues greater than two hundred fifty thousand dollars ($250,000) may withdraw its funds from the control of the county treasurer pursuant to this section.
(b) The board of trustees shall adopt a resolution that does each of the following:
(1) States its intent to withdraw its funds from the county treasury.
(2) Adopt a procedure for the appointment of a district treasurer. The board of trustees may appoint the district treasurer, or the board of trustees may delegate the appointment of the district treasurer to the district’s general manager. The district treasurer may be a member of the board of trustees, the secretary of the board of trustees, the general manager, or a district employee.
(3) Fix the amount of the bond for the district treasurer and other district employees who will be responsible for handling the district’s finances.
(4) Adopt a system of accounting and auditing that shall completely and at all times show the district’s financial condition. The system of accounting and auditing shall adhere to generally accepted accounting principles.
(5) Adopt a procedure for drawing and signing warrants, provided that the procedure adheres to generally accepted accounting principles. The procedure shall provide that bond principal and salaries shall be paid when due. The procedure may provide that warrants to pay claims and demands need not be approved by the board of trustees before payment if the district treasurer determines that the claims and demands conform to the district’s approved budget.
(6) Designate a bank or a savings and loan association as the depositary of the district’s funds. A bank or savings and loan association may act as a depositary, paying agent, or fiscal agency for the holding or handling of the district’s funds, notwithstanding the fact that a member of the board of trustees whose funds are on deposit in that bank or savings and loan association is an officer, employee, or stockholder of that bank or savings and loan association, or of a holding company that owns any of the stock of that bank or savings and loan association.
(c) The board of trustees and the board of supervisors of the principal county shall determine a mutually acceptable date for the withdrawal of the district’s funds from the county treasury, not to exceed 15 months from the date on which the board of trustees adopts its resolution.
(d) In implementing this section, the district shall comply with Article 1 (commencing with Section 53600) and Article 2 (commencing with Section 53630) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code. Nothing in this section shall preclude the district treasurer from depositing the district’s funds in the county treasury of the principal county or the State Treasury pursuant to Article 11 (commencing with Section 16429.1) of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.
(e) The district treasurer shall make annual or more frequent written reports to the board of trustees, as the board of trustees shall determine, regarding the receipts and disbursements and balances in the accounts controlled by the district treasurer. The district treasurer shall sign the reports and file them with the secretary.

2078.
 The board of trustees may establish a revolving fund pursuant to Article 15 (commencing with Section 53950) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code to make change and pay small bills directly.

2079.
 (a) The board of trustees shall provide for regular audits of the district’s accounts and records pursuant to Section 26909 of the Government Code.
(b) The board of trustees shall provide for the annual financial reports to the Controller pursuant to Article 9 (commencing with Section 53890) of Chapter 4 of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.

Article  7. Alternative Revenues

2080.
 Whenever a board of trustees determines that the amount of revenues available to the district or any of its zones is inadequate to meet the costs of providing facilities, programs, projects, and services, the board of trustees may raise revenues pursuant to this article or any other provision of law.

2081.
 A district may levy special taxes pursuant to:
(a) Article 3.5 (commencing with Section 50075) of Chapter 1 of Part 1 of Division 1 of Title 5 of the Government Code.
(b) The Mello-Roos Community Facilities Act of 1982, Chapter 2.5 (commencing with Section 53311) of Part 1 of Division 2 of Title 5 of the Government Code.

2082.
 (a) A district may levy special benefit assessments consistent with the requirements of Article XIII D of the California Constitution to finance vector control projects and programs.
(b) Before beginning a vector control project or program proposed to be financed pursuant to this section, the board of trustees shall adopt a resolution that does all of the following:
(1) Specifies its intent to undertake the project or program.
(2) Generally describes the project or program.
(3) Estimates the cost of the project or program.
(4) Estimates the duration of the proposed special benefit assessment.
(c) After adopting its resolution pursuant to subdivision (b), the board of trustees shall proceed pursuant to Section 53753 of the Government Code.
(d) The special benefit assessments levied pursuant to this section shall be collected at the same time and in the same manner as county taxes. The county may deduct an amount not to exceed its actual costs incurred for collecting the special benefit assessments before remitting the balance to the district. The special benefit assessments shall be a lien on all the property benefited. Liens for the assessments shall be of the same force and effect as liens for property taxes, and their collection may be enforced by the same means as provided for the enforcement of liens for county taxes.

2083.
 A district may levy special benefit assessments consistent with the requirements of Article XIII D of the California Constitution to finance capital improvements, including, but not limited to, special benefit assessments levied pursuant to:
(a) The Improvement Act of 1911, Division 7 (commencing with Section 5000) of the Streets and Highways Code.
(b) The Improvement Bond Act of 1915, Division 10 (commencing with Section 8500) of the Streets and Highways Code.
(c) The Municipal Improvement Act of 1913, Division 12 (commencing with Section 10000) of the Streets and Highways Code.
(d) Any other statutory authorization enacted in the future.

2084.
 Pursuant to Section 5 of Article XIII D of the California Constitution and Section 53753.5 of the Government Code, any assessment existing on November 6, 1996, that was imposed exclusively to finance the capital costs or maintenance and operation expenses for vector control shall be exempt from the procedures and approval process set forth in Section 4 of Article XIII D of the California Constitution and Section 2082. Subsequent increases in those assessments shall be subject to the procedures and approval process set forth in Section 4 of Article XIII D of the California Constitution and Section 2082.

2085.
 (a) A board of trustees may charge a fee to cover the cost of any service that the district provides or the cost of enforcing any regulation for which the fee is charged. No fee shall exceed the costs reasonably borne by the district in providing the service or enforcing the regulation for which the fee is charged.
(b) Before imposing or increasing any fee for property-related services, a board of trustees shall follow the procedures in Section 6 of Article XIII D of the California Constitution.
(c) Notwithstanding Section 6103 of the Government Code, a board of trustees may charge a fee authorized by this section to other public agencies.
(d) A board of trustees may charge residents or taxpayers of the district a fee authorized by this section which is less than the fee that it charges to nonresidents or nontaxpayers of the district.
(e) A board of trustees may authorize district employees to waive the payment, in whole or in part, of a fee authorized by this section when the board of trustees determines that the payment would not be in the public interest. Before authorizing any waiver, a board of trustees shall adopt a resolution that specifies the policies and procedures governing waivers.

Article  8. Zones

2090.
 (a) Whenever a board of trustees determines that it is in the public interest to provide different services, to provide different levels of service, or to raise additional revenue within specific areas of the district, it may form one or more zones pursuant to this article.
(b) The board of trustees shall initiate proceedings for the formation of a new zone by adopting a resolution that does all of the following:
(1) States that the proposal is made pursuant to this article.
(2) Sets forth a description of the boundaries of the territory to be included in the zone.
(3) States the different services, the different levels of service, or additional revenues which the zone will provide.
(4) Sets forth the methods by which those services or levels of service will be financed.
(5) States the reasons for forming the zone.
(6) Proposes a name or number for the zone.
(c) A proposal to form a new zone may also be initiated by a petition signed by not less than 10 percent of the registered voters residing within the proposed zone. The petition shall contain all of the matters required by subdivision (b).
(d) Upon the adoption of a resolution or the receipt of a valid petition, the board of trustees shall fix the date, time, and place for the public hearing on the formation of the zone. The board of trustees shall publish notice of the hearing, including the information required by subdivision (b), pursuant to Section 6061 of the Government Code in one or more newspapers of general circulation in the district. The board of trustees shall mail the notice at least 45 days before the date of the hearing to all owners of property within the proposed zone. The board of trustees shall post the notice in at least three public places within the territory of the proposed zone.

2091.
 (a) At the hearing, the board of trustees shall hear and consider any protests to the formation of a zone pursuant to this article. The board of trustees shall terminate the proceedings, if, at the conclusion of the hearing, it determines either of the following:
(1) More than 50 percent of the total number of voters residing within the proposed zone have filed written objections to the formation.
(2) Property owners who own more than 50 percent of the assessed value of all taxable property within the proposed zone have filed written objections to the formation. If the board of trustees determines that the written objections have been filed by 50 percent or less of those voters or property owners, then the board of trustees may proceed to form the zone.
(b) If the resolution or petition for formation of a zone proposes that the zone use special taxes, special benefit assessments, or fees for property-related services to finance its purposes, the board of trustees shall proceed according to law. If the voters or property owners do not approve those funding methods, the zone shall not be formed.

2092.
 (a) A board of trustees may change the boundaries of a zone or dissolve a zone by following the procedures in Sections 2090 and 2091.
(b) Except as provided in Section 56886 of the Government Code, a local agency formation commission shall have no power or duty to review and approve or disapprove a proposal to form a zone, a proposal to change the boundaries of a zone, or a proposal to dissolve a zone.

2093.
 (a) As determined by the board of trustees, a zone may provide any service at any level or levels within its boundaries that the district may provide.
(b) As determined by the board of trustees and pursuant to the requirements of this chapter, a zone may exercise any fiscal powers within its boundaries that the district may exercise.
(c) Any special taxes, special benefit assessments, or fees which are intended solely for the support of services within a zone shall be levied, assessed, and charged within the boundaries of the zone.

SEC. 7.

 Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 2200) of Division 3 of the Health and Safety Code is repealed.

SEC. 8.

 Section 101285 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:

101285.
 (a) Notwithstanding Section 101260, the county board of supervisors may, with the concurrence of the county officer providing the services, transfer all or any portion of the function of providing vector control services to any mosquito abatement and vector control district formed pursuant to the Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control District Law, Chapter 1 (commencing with Section 2000) of Division 3, provided that the district’s boundaries include that territory.
(b) A county that transfers vector control services to a district shall continue to receive funds appropriated for the purposes of this article if that county complies with all of the other minimum standards and if the vector control program is maintained at a level that meets the minimum standards set by the department.

SEC. 9.

 Section 106925 of the Health and Safety Code is amended to read:

106925.
 (a) Except as otherwise provided in subdivision (b) or (i), every government agency employee who handles, applies, or supervises the use of any pesticide for public health purposes, shall be certified by the department as a vector control technician in at least one of the following categories commensurate with assigned duties, as follows:
(1) Mosquito control.
(2) Terrestrial invertebrate vector control.
(3) Vertebrate vector control.
(b) The department may establish, by regulation, exemptions from the requirements of this section that are deemed reasonably necessary to further the purposes of this section.
(c) The department shall establish by regulation minimum standards for continuing education for any government agency employee certified under Section 116110 and regulations adopted pursuant thereto, who handles, applies, or supervises the use of any pesticide for public health purposes.
(d) An official record of the completed continuing education units shall be maintained by the department. If a certified technician fails to meet the requirements set forth under subdivision (c), the department shall suspend the technician’s certificate or certificates and immediately notify the technician and the employing agency. The department shall establish by regulation procedures for reinstating a suspended certificate.
(e) The department shall charge and collect a nonreturnable renewal fee of twenty-five dollars ($25) to be paid by each continuing education certificant on or before the first day of July, or on any other date that is determined by the department. Each person employed in a position on September 20, 1988, that requires certification shall first pay the annual fee the first day of the first July following that date. All new certificants shall first pay the annual fee the first day of the first July following their certification.
(f) The department shall charge and collect nonrefundable examination fees for providing examinations pursuant to this section. When certification is required as a condition of employment, the employing agency shall pay the fees for certified technician applicants. The fees shall not exceed the estimated reasonable cost of providing the examinations, as determined by the director.
(g) The department shall collect and account for all money received pursuant to this section and shall deposit it in the Mosquitoborne Disease Surveillance Account provided for in Section 25852 of the Government Code. Notwithstanding Section 25852 of the Government Code, fees deposited in the Mosquitoborne Disease Surveillance Account pursuant to this section shall be available for expenditure upon appropriation by the Legislature to implement this section.
(h) Fees collected pursuant to this section shall be subject to the annual fee increase provisions of Section 100425.
(i) Employees of the Department of Food and Agriculture and county agriculture departments holding, or working under the supervision of an employee holding, a valid Qualified Applicator Certificate in Health Related Pest Control issued by the licensing and certification program of the Department of Food and Agriculture shall be exempt from this section.

SEC. 10.

 Section 116111 is added to the Health and Safety Code, to read:

116111.
 The department may provide any necessary and proper assistance and support to the vector control programs of counties, cities, cities and counties, mosquito abatement and vector control districts, and pest abatement districts.

SEC. 11.

 This act is based on the recommendations of the Working Group on Revising the Mosquito Abatement District Law convened by the Senate Committee on Local Government.

SEC. 12.

 Section 3.5 of this bill incorporates amendments to Section 53750 of the Government Code proposed by both this bill and SB 1961. It shall only become operative if (1) both bills are enacted and become effective on or before January 1, 2003, (2) each bill amends Section 53750 of the Government Code, and (3) this bill is enacted after SB 1961, in which case Section 3 of this bill shall not become operative.